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9. A Letter to the King on the tremt* 

mtnt of the Qneeit. 
J. A Letter to the Earl . of LiTerpool 

on the epproachiog Trial of the 

Queen, &c, 
^. A Letter to the Queen, on the state 

of the King's Dominions^ ftc. Ac. 

5. A ktUr to ttM Middle Classes of 
People, on the Trial of the Queen. 

6. To the Clergy of the Church Of 
England, on their conduct towards 
the Qneen. 

7. A Letur to the Queen, tendering 
' adTlee. » ^ 4' - 

t. A Letter to the Iteformers on tke 
Causo of the Persecutioiis carried 
on against the Queqiuoa the nm* \ 
ner of spending pu|iUc money, and 
on Lord John Russel and the Whigs. 

9. An Answer to the 8olicitor-Geno- 
raL*s Speeeh against her Msjesty. 

10. To the WeaTor Boys of Lanca- 
shire : things ta laugh at and things 
to remember. 

IV* A fetter 16 Parsofi Cwnningham 

on his letter to Mr Whitbread. 
'IS. A Letter to Mr. Bnraghaai, on 

his neglect of duty in the defence of 

h*r Majesty. 
IS. A Letter to the Attomey-€knera], 

a comparison between his assertions 

and his c? iUcncc. 

fo Lofd-JmdMfe, «l^t|i^ 


16. To the Radicate, oa the pro- 
bable close of the Qtiecn's csosr. 

16. To the PeopU of Middleton— the 
Crisis of the Queon*8 Affairs. 

17. To the Wool-Combers of War- 
wick mnd the Inhabitants of Bury 
St. Edmonds— an illustration of** fhr 
** en?y of surroundfog nations and 
'* the admiratien of the world.** 

18. To the People of Do?er, on tli» 
Queen's Triumph. 

10. To Earl Grey, on'th* talked-dC 
change of Ministry. 

#1. 'A LettWr to Lord Folkrstome mf 
Ms hstler to the People of Beihshirc*^ 

ai. " Rump Conspisac^." To the 
Electors of Westminster, on the 
Trial in the Court of thing's Benchr 
of Cleary against Cobbett. 

S9. TO the Electors of Westmiostefr 
on the Trial, Wright t. Cobbett^ 
and on the late Westminster Meet- 

99. Letter IL to Earl Grey, on the 
obstacles to a change of Mioistr]^^ 
on the Speech of the Anerieatt 
Prestdant; and on tW pre?aUtng 
distresses of the Country. 

S4. To the Reformers, on the Whig\ 
Manifesto just issued at Edinburgh ; 
aQ|^ on the pree«^tions to be takc» 
against the issuers.. 

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Admns, 142r. 

Attttio, Mr.887,W. V 

fcyley,-Jfldgri, 680, flO. 
Brnaett, Jao. 166, 989. 
Brnbow, Mr. 169U. 
Barin(c> Alexander, 161^. 
Bedford, Duke of. SI 7. 
Bergmm, Baron, 38B, 649. 
Beresford. Lord, 1T09. 
Bowles, Mr. John, 811. 
Bt^nro^, Cokm^U d6A. 
Briffs,Capt. 887, 61!. 
BnMMham, Mr. 300, 4d7, 1041, 1636, 

BjidMniuin, Mr. S90L 
Buckiogtiain, MarqnU of, lfS7. 
Burdetr, Str F. 69, I*2«VJ. Id09. 
BnrrcU, the Hon. Mr. 4(MI. 
Burte, 71, tW. 

Cartwright, Major, 240, 699, 1604. 
Castlereagh, Lord, 1, 06, 169, 214, 

Canning, Mr. 76, 890, 406, 637. 
Clarke, Mrs. 930, 370. 
CraiMt^ey, Mr. 1990. 
Crafen, the Hon. Keppd, 387, 309. 
C^bourg, Prince of Haxe, 209, 930. 
Crohcr, Mr. 1660. 
Cuomngbam^ 635, 609. 
Cleary, U17. 
Ctorraoe, Dqke of, 016. 
(;obbett, Mr. 1417, 1401. 
Creevy, Mr. m. 
Chester, Mr. 361. 

Benaan, Mr. 83, 770, 1044. 
Douglas, Sir John, 783, 860. ^ 

KUiee, Edward, IWe. 
Elby, Sir J. 1035. 
Exmonth, Lord, 916. 
Flynn, Mr. 402. 
FUzwilUam, Lord, 1655. 
Fltzwiliiam, the Countess, 85. 
P<?llows, the Rev. Robert, 1701. 
FrankUn, Mr. 161)6. 
Forbes, Lady E. 387, 31^2. 
Fish. Mr. 1537. 
Finnerty, Mr. ^09. 

Ferguson, General, 89. 

Freellng, I2l9. 

Folkestone, t-oni Vlsconnt, 1347, 

Grenfell, Pascoe. 1509. 
Grey, Lord, lH7, 1167, '1275, l«JO, 

GrenYiUe. Lord; 1688. 
Gell, Sir W. »W, 392, 84^. 
Oooch, T. 8. 616. 
Guildford, Lord, 855. 
Gurncy Mf. 1025. 


Ifarbord, Mr. 1050, 1177. 
Hasear, John, 29. 
Hanrihon, Lady Ann, 846. 
Hesse, Capt. 387. 
Hobhouse, Mr. Oil, 1596. 
Hownam, Mr. 402. 
Homer, l^lr. 1637. 
Holland, Dr. 307. 
Hutchinson, Mr. C. 596. 
Hutchins, Mr. (W. 
Hume, Mr. 685. 
Hunt, Mr. 710. 

Ings, 1668: 

Jeffrty, Mr. 1037. 
JeiTries, Judge, 051. 
Johnstone, Mk. 710. 
Lambton, Mr. 168. 
r^udcrdalp. Lord, io4.9l9. 
Leiuster, Duke of. 300. 
Liverpool, Ka/l of, 137, 408.' 
Lisle, Mrs. 361. 
Leone, &10. 

Undsey, l^dy, C. 887, 3021 
Lopez, Sir M. 1307, 16:^. 
Lusliington, Dr. 7, 62, 177. 
Lloyds Fanny, 860. 
Mc Mahon, Sir John, 380. 
Mackintosh, Sir James, 1657. 
Maberley. John, 15061 
MoDcrieff; Mr. 1697. 
Moore, Peter, U^m. 
Mofra, Lore, 3t50, 781. 
\. • 
Nero, 1008. 
Noel, Sir Gerard.' 319. 
Xorllimorc. Mr. f69i. 
Norfolk, Dttke Of, HM. / 

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O^rj-eTi, Mr. Dcii^%.8?S,4»5, 4*)0. 
Oldi, Counuss, 9-2C ' ' ' 

OHvarez. the Count, Duke of, 67. 
Ompt^da, BtroB De, 567. 

Purr. Dr. fl3S. 
Parle, Judirc, 62S. 
Pnlmfraioa. Lord, O^^l. . . 
Piinc, 1661. 
PHFceval, 7«1. 
Pwfifson. Mr. Charles, 15Q0. 
Peel, Mr. 1^76, 1570. 
Pechell, Capt. 887, OU- 
Perry. Mr. W7. 
Piit, 791. 
Place, 142 K 
-powelH Mr. 065. 

Qiieon, her Pli^e, 2. 

her fetter to the Kiag, 313. 

her Procession to St. Paul's, 


RaMelli. 030. 
Mirhinond, Dwke of, 71^ 
Rlcartlo, DaTid, I2fi2, 1599. 
Ridley, Sir M^W. 160, . 
Rowl«»y, Sir \V. 81S. 
Russell, Lord John, 167, 233, 513, 

1611, 1660. 
Rutland, Duke of^ <>70. 

^ gt. ]#df ft, Mf . «*7. 

i SidrtwiTh, Lofd, 18, 66, 77, 137, 40S, 

. &Ictnl,871. 
Scarlett, Mr> 1401. 
Sheffield, l^rd. ^64. 
Stafford, Marchioness, 45& , , 

T. . . 

Temple, Richard planta^nct Grcn* 
Tille Nugent ^han^oi* iU3. r 

Tienwy, Mr: l«a8w 
Thistlewood. 1663. [ 

Tyrwhilt, Sir T. 15i, ' , 

WAddinfton- Samuel, 683., , 

Maithmmn, Si^«or, 118^. 
barren, Jud^e. 710. 
Wellington. Duke of, 414, 637; llT^J 
Wilson, Sir R. 8«S. 13 la. 
WiWiaws Mr. 799. 
Wilbcrfofce, Mr. «.*», 1000,' 
Williams, David. ^1^.. - 
Whilbreadi Mr. 699. 
Whttbr^oa, Mr^(the lat^) 3^1. 
Woofer, Mr. 181. • . 

Wood, Mr.* Alderman, 97. »3L 84f, 

Wols^)-, «i» C. 710. . .,. , 

White, Mr. 1543. 
Wright, 1421, 1491. 


Berwick, 1637. 
BotUy, 1616. 
Bury St. Rdmond, 1120. 

Calais, ^4. 

Dorchester, Jail of, 1543. 
Dover, 1903. 

Kdinhurjfh. 1633. 
Knffland, 149. i22. 
Kn^land, the Bank of, 1579. 


Genoa, 920. 
<Jo>port, 812. 

Knaresborough, 1661. 

Litchfield, 101^. 
Liverpool, »6J. 
ojidou, 10, 7?, 


Manchester, 74, ..%!, 64U 
Middlesex, Meetintr of, f>41. 

Newhnry, 2S. 
Nottiiiifham, 17, 154. 

Palaces, the. 18, 19. 
Portugal, 1109. 

Sandhurst. Collefft of^ 055. 
Spain, 122, 110(9.. 
St. Domingo, 1 Ki9. 
St. Omers, 97, 14S. 84^. 

Venire, 220. 

Warwick, 940. 
Westinin«t«M',' 97. 
Winchester, 370. 
WineheUea, 81. 

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Voi..»7.-.No. I.] LONDOK, SATURDAY, July 92, 1990. [Price,6tf. 

■h" M l ' ■ • ■ I III I II 1 1 mi ■ msBssssssBssssssssssmsssassssA 


"TO • 


Ok the Refusal of the PlaU to 
ike ^Qaetn ; <md ok other nial 
Urs cimnected with ihfipreserU 
crim9 of Pvhlic Affairs. 

. U^ndon,J^J^iO, 1800. 

^ ^ is now about five years 
since I Mfairessed my last letter to 
yeu. Yotii were then what Is vul- 
j^y tidied cock-a-hoop with 
yonr tHiimpfason the Conthient 
You had just then been reeetvej 
in t&e Honotirabl^ House tdth 
even dcCpj[fing of hands. ^Phe 
Boroag'hhibti were then 'in hlgrh 
^lee: iThey thouglit that cM 
ttasiettUdfor ever ! Miserable 

mbckfenfation! Litfle cli^ the^^ 

expect that i^hibh has sihC6[l>ttiH ni^n the 

come to pasd ; IfUle did they 

ima^^ine that fivd^ yeifs of Ithat 

glmiaui peaee/whi^h had/Aee^ 

jdeed, for not thinking this ; for, 
if they had not sense enoug-h to 
foresee it/ I totd it them ; and, 
they oug'ht to have believed me. 
However, let them receive the 

I am now about to address 
you upon the subject of thd 
QiUen's ptate; but, by way of 
preface, let me talk to you a lit* 
tie about the state, to which 
you and your colleagues and pre- 
decessors hfive brought this for- 
merly flotinsTiing, happy, and 
(tee country. ' The ^ueen*^ at- 
rifal has produced a great d^al 
6f agitation tmd 6f turmoil ; but 
it has operated, al^/as a grand 
diversion, in tfvour of yoh ud 
yotir eolle^ttes i and though 
your othe^ troubles will retiif%. 
by and' bye with redoubled 
ib^, th<) divei^sion accords with 
your system, which is a system 
maxim, that, 

atchtoT^ by twenty-two years 
af glcrious war, v^onld open U^ 

paradise. They were/boltf, in- 

^^jfUient unto'the dofis (^ 
^ mf tKetetff* a system which 
iievier looks beyond Its nose ; a 
iystam (A shifts, expedienti, and 
blunders, l^ch a system gains 
them a dGsmal abjfe instead of afby every thing, Vhich, though 

on]y%r a motaietit, turns the 

P||iit5#jftii9i, J?«lrtifhe4l:b7 W, pe|il»of|, !^,84faQdh 

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^tibli4slk^^0& elide from the 
causes pt tlie publfc suffering-. 
. ..Bftfoie Uie. arrival j>f hejc. Ma- 
jesty, the tables of parliament 
y^efe loaded with the bitter 
Qomplain ts of fa^'in^^ry^inerchfuits, 
manufacturers and every class of 
people, save and except thoap 
who live and thrive on taxation. 
Projects were on foot and open- 
ly avowed for dividing the real 
property of the country between 
the present ownetra and the 
fond-holders. The distress was 
so great in many parts as to be 
approaching to starvation. Ca- 
pital was, as it still iSj^ removing 
from the <^>untry, in all direc- 
tions. AH was, misery and 
.wretchedness; and ^11 .is still 
inisery and wretchedness. 

Tptbis state the country has 
eome under pleasures 4<lQJpted 
hy yo^ and your CQll^jagues. 
jfou have nevei^ bee;) tbv7ietrte()- 
XdflhaTe done Ji^f.^^^atg|d|i 
)>lea8^ m^ith th^ persoAs..|f^id 
puTfes df t^^najjqn. .JJ^ri^bfi 
.;)iSen.i{p po^er jl^jofl^jroji^ you.; 
^d those wh0iba,¥p |ft|^i^^i^ 
^f d st?9pgily;withj3[0U'|iaye b^ 
] upi^l^pdf Ih^y lif^ve, ^90 pwh 

saves whidi producesaehtffeets ! 
You and your colleagiles iiave 
said much about the bi^ advice, 
which the Qxieen has received, 
and of this I will 8|>eak more 
fully by and bye ; but what sort 
of advice is it that has brought 
the nation into this state I You 
are not to tell us, that you did 
not wish it, that you did not in- 
tend it, and the like.. These 
excuses avail men nothing when 
they are arraigned for what are 
called radical oflbDees. We are 
in such cases told, that we are 
to judge of the intention torn 
the aoi. And we are to judge 
yo^ in the same way to (>e sure. 
9i^t, at any rate, such b the state 
into which you have brought 
this nation ; and, it seems to me, 
that, under such circumstances, 
yojU ought to be cautious how 
you threw out jeers and taunts 
on the advisers of the Queen, . 
,tbp8f?^ I mean wholiave advised 
h^r jt^. ptt£3i^ that line of con- 
dj0, wbic^ has placed you and 
jour collea^es in your present 
. Jjt : becppfi'i^^ y pu . indeed to. rir 
dif^Ul^ the. Queen's advisers! 

^f'Ca]te4.wit)iihe;iilmo^Jcigpqr|^^9a> y^y^^^ <3i?v«.brpug^ht your- 
,f^ Tuin Ifaaheen, tl^ J?fi)deift ^Y«»8 .int^ such difficulties tbf t 
^V,..^^^ifr(q\y jtjf mea^t tbat j^u kj^o^ not ,W|hich vjray to 
thdseahoukl be aome r£at j:6- timil You are' a pretty penon 
f>i ndilMii^'^^^d'i6'^4tM<> sikjifphn the dignity of the 

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jti^v ^, ifWf 

WcstmipsiBr iHdl W WJmU 
mihie^t . Abt^; cm you' look 
U tbi soaAblcljqg> the l^dg^es, 
• tbe inwiamaffolfii bcgEiolw^j ihe 
temporary kitcheilrs in aotd ^abotit 
\\^e9tp)io8ter rii^U ; <?an ypu look 
»l ibfVie> aqd act ft^l sotme lit- 
tle dottbt, whether you be the 
^wisest man, add the best iup« 
pqrter. of. l*e diffni^ly, 0/ t^ 
€n>iCK ibat'^ver existed 'in thei 
world! Thp si^ht pf these 
would ifp qfiite enong t a$ a^ lej-* 
•on of vKMlesiibebavioUr to any 
other mati in the world in your 
(ituatigtb. ,^l*^tiould make but ^ 
V0ry i^ooTi ttmst9r ; for ni^thing: 
apon eerth. "would have k^pt im 
in ^y fjace \(fng enough to ad- 
vice f^e ]^3ag,io l^9Q,t^e,pf^« 
(thunatidn thitt was ^issued' ob 
' Saturday last IfX haid^said; 6n 
.^le Holiday ,nig;^,,\h^t, it y^ 
ahsotetely necessary (oihave the 
Coronation on ' the firit of Au- 
jpuft, no earthly j^o^^r.^^houjji 
.ha?e Made jne avedd a. motion, 
three dfeys atlef tWrdS, i<n put- 
^iflgit off,^.by sayhjgr^^ihal I had 
mifn^^ ilMiKiog^ toijip fm»^y 
Che isoutMtf of that ^hich I 
hfu) Wd it' %^k ali^lutely ne^ 
T^twry to do. 

You, truly) are a flit person to 
ialk about mean and foolish ad^ 
..Tidcra ! /Yqiii iwh^f irft^r Jiaying: 

y,pt^ w^h your mi^^^, tifj^, 
to of^a- the gnuen ha^i; hi ,(fte 
reeult 'idlidi' it might,' muit be 
der^a^iory bom the di^oliy of 
ibe>Ci^wn and injuriceiis to Uie 
best int^ttsU 'of the country; 
you, who, after ihls,,api)roved9f 
theopenHi^ oC thfpe same bi^s ! 
This h ia .pr<$ltv specimen of 
your * ability ;^p* support "th^ , di^- 
aity of 4b6 Crown ana to pro- 
mote' the interests of theFopcm- 
try ! %i^\s is a fio^ specimen of 
your '*. s^^tUe^mat^like " w^- 
dom ! It makes one siok to thiiik 
of such a man peing in any J^ub^ 
lie ofBc^ at M ;. n^uch m6re .^f 
bis l^eing the principal adviser 
of a king:, that king: being tHe 
sovereign of a great country.. 

But, look at the whole oTvthe 
pickle that yoa aie gotrinlo. 
Look ti the foot of fifty thoo- 
sand'poands a^yeeor, a yachJt; dr 
a •hit^ofiitar txy goabroad with, 
an offioiel intrqditetion asQsaan 
of, England tb a foreign co«ri, 
air offered to* a person, 'who i& 
now t>nibl«knod to the fwwtd 
bf yoiL and ^one bolleagiie»;«s 
a lieentiooa^ woman soodaitadot- 
teress,>tho<k^'Qn)y <ife\^ dajia 
I>i9f6ri ^' depHiiatMiii v^» t^ 
UbnouUiAle Ifooiefaadkiieetod 
down ft^re her; mn^ind Wsh 
graciously pemiiked tftriass h^ 
royadbaiKl! Look^M tbis( aM 
team mod^aiy iriien >y0tf «re 
talking Of the 'want of tvisdBom 
in the adri^ers ftxf the Qif^. 
Yoa diaiy, for a ttttte wMler««r- 
idfurov «ta brafe ttie tumt 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

To CastleWeagh/ 

out; but there must come a day, 
iMid that day may not be di^ 
, taat, when ypu will be callc^d 
upon to g^ve an account of hav* 
ing* advised the opening- of the 
^oen Bags after 3^u had Voted, 
that to opien them must be de- 
rogatory from the dignity of the 
Crown and injurious to the best 
interests of the otHintry. 

You are a pi^ty pecson in* 
deed to affect thp StcUesman ; 
to put on the airs of acktiow^ 
lodged superiority of judgment ; 
to flout at the u^erstaoding of 
the Queen's advisers, and to 
hold forth the notion that you 
are the Prince of wisdom, pm- 
.dettoe, and correctaess ; you, 
who flounder and blunder at 
overy step ; and who, in your 
struggles to make yourself un- 
dmiood, only expose your plen- 
tiful lack of every thing, t<^ the 
possession of which ybU put for- 
ward such pretensions. 

As to Dr. Lushingtoo^ he is 
as mich your soperior in point 
oi understanding and talent as 
he is in another requisite, whteh 
I shall not, because i need not, 
mmtion. The public, of which 
vovL speak, and long have sno- 
ken» in a sort of language, that 
that public pays yovl bmsk with 
IntereBt, weB know what value 
to set upon the assertions made 
ase of, with regani to the plate, 
given by the |ale kii^ Ibr the 
iMeofherM^iesty, Bot, inthe 
tra place, wfaat.nght had you 
^ complain ol the oonduct of 
Pr. Loshisigtiin iJi bringing this 
matter of the plate forward, 
whea you were pot in the 
House? Just as if yoti were any 
more than a member of Parlia- 
ineni! fn^i as if no mei^bor 

were to open Bis lips upon ady 
subject; or, at leasts just as if 
he were to make no motion, 
without previously informii^ 
the ministers of it ! This woura 
be reducing membersrof Pariii- 
B>ei^, to a pretty situation in- 
deed. If gout or.any thing else 
kee^ you away from your seat, 
what is that^ to other membeftf? 
It is quite shocking to see^h0w 
regularly they wait for your ar- 
rival, and to those who are not 
up to the helghth of the dr- 
oumstances^ the^ thing appears 
wholly unaccountable. DnLosh- 
ington brought the matter for* 
ward as he bugiit to bring it for- 
ward. It was nothing to him 
where you were $ and to all the 
other indignities olfered to the 
Queen, he did not suffl^r her to 
endure ^hat of making « coili- 
platni Of her Mi^esty wait upon 
your, good pleasure. 

As to the merits of the case, 
what does your defence ihnount 
to? Why this; that the plate 
wa^ not gtrai by the late King, 
but lent ; that it was not the 
King^s property to give; and 
that it had ^ not been delivered 
to the 'Queen now merelv be- 
cause the King had not oraered 
it to be delivered to her. How 
does tins mend the matter? 
We loiow vory well that, if it 
had been a pure gpift^ it coul^l 
not be the Princess's property, 
becauiia, bein^ a married wo- 
mpn, that whioh was given to 
her wa$» in law,, given to her 
husband, We, therefore, knew 
very well, and nobody knew 
it better ihftn Pr. tushiogton^ 
that, in point otlaw, the pro- 
perty was the King's, in case it 
was a pr^setti frohi the lata 


Digitized by CjOOQIC 

JVLY ^2^, WiO. 


King', and id cAse H was some- 
thin^^ that he had a right to give 
away. But^ the situation of her 
Majesty, by her becomingr Quetfi, 
is very dfifTereDt from" that of 
other married wonen, in respect 
of the posMSsioD of property ; 
for a Queen, though married, 
can poa«eM ftroperiu ofhtr own 

married Queen> her Majetty, for 
iostanoe, can purchase and hold 
lands; convey them jiway ; and> 
in short, do all manner of things, 
with regard to property, that 
any other woman, unmarried, 
can do. And, here, 1 fancy, we 
are to find tbe.true oausa of the 
plate not being given up to her ! 
For, if ^ven up to her mnp, ex- 
cept with written conditions, it 
is her omn ! And why should it 
not be her own I Why should 
she not have plate given her by 
the pnblicl You say that it did 
not beioag to the King, because 
it was b(Hight. out of the Civil 
List money. But how many 
hondredsf of thousands upon 
hnndfeds of thousands of pounds 
have been given »away in 
plate and other things, out pf 
the CSvil List money 1 And why 
is this ^ft to the Queen, and 
this gift alone, to be called in 
qvastion ? You^ar^ become ex- 
tremely econemijcal apd careful 
aR of a sudden. If the plate 
was not the property of the last 
Kii^, it is not the property of this 
Kinr. If it be the property of 
neitier, it v the prof^rty of the 
Mtipn ; and does ^e ni^on wish 
that it should be< kept locked 
up, or used by 8omebo<i^ else, 
father than that the Queen 

In short, your explanation 
only tended to make the matter 
worse. • It only shewed th^ 
you were ready to seize hold ot 
every little occasion of doings > 
those things which Dr. Lush- 
mgton so justly described^ and 
in describing which, be spokn 
precisely what every body« ex- 
cept the tax-eaters, think. His 
brii^ging the aiatter forwaid han * 
done a great deal of good ; for 
it has shewn to wl^t extent' 
things are intended to be eac-" 
ried \ and it has given a new 
and strong motive to the peo<* 
pie, to be upon the watoh. 

However^ there was one rea-' 
son which you gave for not giv-< 
ing the plate^ which I mint par-^ 
tieulariy notice. I shall tato 
the passage entire ; and I sbalL 
take it from the CoURixn, who 
points it out| as worthy of par- 
ticular attention, He calls it 
Lord Castkreagb's manlf, e$ur^ 
getic, and unaneweraUe apjmi 
to the couptry. Here it is then! 
^' I am stire the f4^1ing and 
g^od sense of the country will 
'< bear me out, when I say, Uiat 
IF her Miyesty had conducted 
herself with that feeling which, 
became her sex. and that dig'* 
nity which belonged to her. 
station, his Mqjeetty's mini* 
" aters wouM be moet anscii^UM 
" to afford every consolation,. 
" which a Queen, under such. 
**, circumstancesi can expect^f 
" But when her Mijesty conde^^ 
'* sceniis to listen to the meanest 
" o^rwer^^ when she ««^er<Aer«* 
" self to become an instrument 
" in the hands of the basest 
*' populace of the country ^ who 
^' have presumed to insult 4h0 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


To CAglLrREActf. 


" paiaee of her Sovereign and 
** her husband^ as 1 had person- 
" all/ aD opportunity of-witness- 
" ing, I have no hesitation to 
"'^leclare, in defiance of every 
" taunt t^at the honourable and 
'' leiirned gentleman may throw 
'''<mthi this House; that 1 should 
" abandon theduty which I owe 
*' to* the dig^ty and honour of 
" the'Crowri, were I to advise 
"'ti^e Sovereign le kecan^ the 
*'^d%f&of 8wSh eHrtifiee$. H her' 
'"Mkjddty'a present residence in 
•'^o^^iaf not suitable, 1 am pei^ 
*'■ tfilttded thkt no diffUfuH^ vhU 
'* be throktn in the it?ay ef €m 
"-UfrOngefnent by Which her 
""IVmesty may find hersetf a 
""iuiteWe residence.'* 

T¥k\B w hii-iinansfMrable ap^ 
petti to the country, is it? This 
is yotif "way i your " ^taientnmn 
** tike*' v/tiy of appealitt^ to the 
cbuniry. 'i^his is ydur 'Mg;nijied 
inaiiiier of speaving of yoiir 8o- 
yiftreign's wife, anti of that in- 
dustrious and laborio%:« people 
thdt' cheerfuHy .maintaK) the 
spWfidoiitofthat Sovereign ! The 
RonvaiT tyrant made a distinc* 
tloii betv^nefen the people and the 
populdce ; but even he made no 
artte^pt to describe a set of 
creAt(hieaf as being ten vnftriot 
fftirt tf populace. This was 
sbmetliingr left to be dohe by 
him who is well known t6 the 
dalion under the nfime of tcts* 
tlerengh! "'The basest popu- 
*;-lac6 ofthe country r ^6, then, 
ac<56Mii)g' to tBs di^eriptkm; all 
the^ • jjopulace ; -that is to. say, 
t^oi^ whose labour feed the 
'IVea^ttry, and whose arms de- 
fbnd'the country; the whole of 
th^d ari^ base, but those w^b 
cheer her Majesty throug'b the 

streets, are the basest of this 
populace ! 

This is very pretty language to 
be made use of by a minister 6f tii^ 
Kin^, and at a time, too, when 
he is saying that he is urged tb 
speak in ord^r to support thO' 
dignity of the crown ! What do ' 
you moan by populace ? Yow 
must nieafi the Mouringektmejs^ 
you mwi mean these ; for of 
what else are numerous asseiti- 
blies composed 1 You most meaa 
these ; and then- lett us see wbat 
they do; In the -firstt -pHct, out 
of the fruit^f their labour cornea, 
five parts oat of six of the whole ^ 
of the revenue of the country.: 
I mean to say, that the htboQr- 
ing classes, atetually pa^ dve 
parts out of sice of tkewkcU of 
the tCkte^. Tiiia is one Biode of 
upholding a state: another mlode 
is the boarkig of arms, aildfthe 
fightings if necessary, in diifoice 
of the state. And v^bo dO( we 
find hens again, wha Iwre 
fought the battles by s^ itod- 
by land ? CerCainly aoHriigst 
those who won the battles, of 
Trafalgar end Wnterloo; thow 
iv^C^re some few men, that did not 
beioi^ 1^ those vrhoni you ttLil' 
the pop>Jaee ; but isit notiio<- 
tofious that /?««ft>^* and: SoWtw*- 
do, neeessarii^i come frvmi 
amongst those wliOm yo^ »*>#r-' 
matise by l^estovHng on ihek 
this d^adii^g appellaitlAn ? Who 
is it tliaf ^ the raitlfii of ttie» 
mift/ta, the toctU^nltl^ftct? Whof 
is it thaf is ^ewifMed'io fill theses 
rariki? Why, forttie ft(f|it«rt#r 
pari, those who gWn theit ditty' 
(bread by thif diifly B#^t of 
theii^broW; those who have Ho 
jproperty in any tBing biit \JMm 
labour ; those who have no*, 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

Jiii.y Wi toift 


thiiig ^' ^^^ o^ ^ defebd 
but tbek mere, bodies.; iboae 

vbo caB bave no motive to take and the wife in Ponmim Street^ 
ap arms other than .^tboae of woald, neceManly, ^U fovth 

the bane oirenaMil^m^ of the^ 
bittbtfid Jbmag hi the palaee 

obediesAce to the law» anda love 
of the bqoAoUr of their country* 
And, m/ui JiU the TMkg 9f, m 
t$gular army notio f Ate they 
not the 4ona,. and brothers of the 
iabojoring^ classes t Are they not 
a |«irt, and essentially apttiri, of 
thii same mass that yen call 
pofyiacet Dote tfaepaAlii^ a 
red or Une^coat upon tibeir bMfc. 
dkofife ihekr. nmhiref Does not 
tbe bloed .:of their iktbes and 
mothers still flow io their veins I 
If the lithen, niothera,. brothers 
and sisters he wofthy of the 
naase of popudaoe, whece is thet 
boundary ta be drawn? We 
mwk all be populace, lahoren 
and attisanSt mann^sctiirers and 
shofdceepefs> soldien and sail* 
018 ; the. whole masa of us most 
he populace, and bats populace, 
too; or else, your deBnitioaof 
baseatpopulaeeis purely a false 
assertion -and an unwammtable 

But, yott say^ that her Ma- 
jesty suflers herself to become 
an tMtrumnU m the hands of 
this " baseit popiiace/' who 
have pr^omed to. insult the 
pofaice of berBeveteign and her 
husband. . What do you mean 
by. this ? To« mfan, I suppose, 
the people .having conducted 
kef the King's Pa* 
laee» and. having: theea; given 
sigpas . of , their disappmbatioo. 
Tbe wofd hueiand. you shqold' 
have omitted aboto. all things; 
(btr,. ii iscsQ very natural, ami 
ao^ .i^etfectlQp propdr that the 
wife ^bepld. i^dmbit ttid same' 
I^Ace wHU tbq buahani, iMt 

that.wln^h you call insulting* 
tbe palaed. The question na«' 
turaliy arises in e^ery mmd," 
*« Why is not ^e Queen in that' 
palace?^ And in tbe answer to 
this question, and not in a^iy 
baseness fn the people, is to be- 
found the cause i>f what you, in* 
your niock heroic style, call,in^ 
suiting the palaee of* her So** 
vere^ and her husband. 

lfbt> it seems/ that her Ma-* 
jeity m to be punMied for this' 
ebullition of public feeling ; fb^ 
ymsi^; that, if slie had con- 
dueted herself with thatfeeUhg,- 
which became her sex; and that 
dignity which belonged to her 
station, then, yon would he most 
amdous to aflbrd every cottseU^ 
Uon, ipiiiich a Queimi under suchr 
droumstaDces, can ekpect ; but 
thai when she condesceijids fo 
listen 40 the meanetfi aiiisar$, 
and to become an instrument as 
befere mentioned, then you 
would abandon your duty to 
the Citown if you weito to advise 
tlie King to become the dupe 
of rnoKh artifice. 

New* ^kt do you m^an by 
this I Who can make top or 
titkX of it I What artfilces are 
you talking about? You had 
been talking before about the 
Qoe^tt'» Ibteniog to the meanest 
advisen; and about her suffer- 
ing hevself td become a^ ip^u- 
ment imhe kapds of Ae basest 
popdlaisei But how can yod^ 
-make UMte'^ut to b^ artificer f 
.Tlf^may be true or falte, rigbt 
iof wrong; bat nobody but you 
^Vj^nAd haite cullM ^faem tirH' 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


To €ai4tlbiicaqii. 


fkes. The tmtb it, that, in 
your rottud-abottt haimogaet, the 
€|<we of k ienteace has very sel- 
dom any relation to the begin- 
ning of it. It 18 a parcel of 
wordathatwe have before us, 
out of which we are to piok a 
meaniiig^ if we ean ; i>ttt voor 
speechea, if they do nothiag 
etee» tend to give the world 
a high opimon of the patience, 
the complaLsance and the 
quiescent disposition of the 
renow^ied assembly in which 
they a#e delivered, and which, 
even without a division, reject 
ed the mo^ioa of Dr. Luahing* 
ton. • 

But her Majesty haa, it seens 
according to your notion, not 
conducted herself with iAiU/m^ 
tng which belongs to her sex, 
•and that Signify which belongs 
io her station. To bear you 
eomplain of any one for want 
of fetling presents so strong a 
temptaUon to laughter, that one 
cannot treat the matter serious- 
ly ; but, to hear you, who have 
been one of the advisers who 
have heaped every species of 
indignity upon her Mi^sty; 
you, who ace one of those that 
revised her a yacht to come 
over, who refused her a palace 
to reside in, who presented 
gieen bags against her, who 
have brought in a bill, stigma- 
tising her as a licentious woman 
and an adulteress, and stripping 
her of her title and rights as 
Queen ; for you to complain 
that she had not supported h^ 
JiffMiy is sometiiing more than 
oould have been expected even 
from yoM/ The fact is, how- 
ever, that her Mijesty bas <^n- 
ducted herself with tbat feeh«g 

and with that dignity whkh be- 
come her sex and station. She 
has shewn as much semibihty, , 
judgment, and courage, as ever 
marked the character of wo-* 
man: a great deal more than 
Queen Sisabeth ever had an 
opportunity of evincing;' and. 
indeed, the best oommentaiy 
on your accusation, and the best 
answer to it, are, the love and ad- 
miratmi of this whole people, 
with the exception, aolely, of 
those who have an interest in 
the carrying on of measures 
hostile to the peace and happi- 
ness of the country. 

'< IP' she had conducted her* 
self properlfft then you would 
have affbrded her erf^rr ooa- 
solation. Yes ; and 1 will 
tell you, what you would have 
deemed proper conduct In the 
first place, it Would have been 
proper for her to be terrified at 
the tkreai at St. Omers, and to 
have fled away and not at- 
tempted to set her foot on Eng- 
lish ground. But, having lis- 
tened to the " meixneMt advis" 
era** and actually coane to Lon- 
don, it wotld have been froptr 
for her to shut herself up, yield 
herself wholly to the advice of 
those who migbt have betrayed 
her ; and skidk from the hght 
like a guilty thing. The high- 
blooded gentry net having vi* 
sited her, it would have been 
proper for her to have drooped 
down into a state of despoaden* 
cy; and if the mass of the 
people, whom you denominate 
populace, attempted to ap- 
proach her with congratuta* 
tions, condolence, and offers of 
friendship and support, it would 
hav? keefl proper for her t#r 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


July 92, 1840. 


reject them wHh disdain, to 
spurn them from her presence, 
to condenm their sentiments and 
their language, as was done in 
the answers which absolute wis- 
dom gave, in her injured name, 
to tl^ people of Nottingham 
and the people of Preston* 
When the depatation went to 
her from the great House of 
Commons, it would have been 
vrvfer Ibr her to have dressed 
herself in a pemtent's sheet, to 
have kissed the resolution as a 
whipped diild kisses the rod, 
and to have prepared herself 
for beuig packed off to the Con- 
tinoAt in that.yacht which, on 
the veiy dny of the deputa<> 

yon are persuaded that no dif- 
ficulty will be thrown in the 
way of an arrangement by which 
she may find herself a suitMe 
residence. What is all this par- 
cel of words about? By the 
" IF" you would seem to 
doubt whether the hou^e in 
Portman-street is suitable or 
not; a doubt, hy the expres- 
sion of which you get no ikddi- 
tion to your pbpulahty, though 
it is very possible that it will 
not cause any change in the 
public opinion with regard to 
vott. But, what the public ask 
IS this ; '' Whp is mt her Ma- 
jetty t» a palace ?" This is the 
question that' the public ask. If 

tiott's going to her, the Courier plate be not the Kinsr's pro 

inforated us, was aHtuMy eome 
r^wnd into Ae iUl>er ! 

This is what you would have 
deemed proper conduct, I dare 
say. Suc^conductwould doubt- 
less have received the *' high 
Mfri^aHon'' of all the Scoieh 
Fedlats that ever tmniped 
north-about till they got into 
the sun-shine of the South. Her 
Mijesly, however, has chosen 
^ line of conduct precisely the 
oppoiiteof this, and in so dN>* 
ing, she has insunad her own 
safety and her own honour, 
and has prevented this nation 
from being plunged into ever-^ 
lastinr disgrace ; disgrace which 
must nave ftdl^n upon it if she 
had been driven out ef the coun- 
try, after which event no sub- 
ject of the King would have 
dared to own himself as such in 
any country in the world. 

' There remains to be noticed 
only one part of diis harangue. 
Yen say, if her Mijesty's pre- 
sent residence is not suttable. 

perty, palaces are. not his pro- 
perty. If tliey be not the pro- 
perty oC the King; they are the 
property of the nation; and, 
then> the nation has, the palace 
at Windsor, the phlaee atilamp- 
ton, the palace at Kew, the pa- 
lace of Kensington, the pidace 
of Bttcksngbam House, the pa- 
lace of St. James's, and the 
pakee of Carlton House. Be- 
sides these, there are the royal 
manmons in Bushy Park and in 
Richnumd Park,' the latter of 
whicb> be. it observed, vras 
buiH kxt one of his late Majes- 
ty's sisters, and is now, and 
Ibng has been, occupied by that 
every4>way*-worthy colleague of 
yours, SIDMOUTH. Thus, 
then, there are- three palaces 
in tovoK; one no further off 
than Kensington ; three pa- 
laces and two royal mansions in 
the , country ; and out of all 
these no coiner can be found for 
the vrife of the King> though 
one of them is oceviried b;|^ a 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 




p6r^R who was in' a rery 
httteble Gftpadty not mmny yean 
agx>. At Hanpton Court, at 
Kew, at Backiiig:haoi House, 

a most suitable palaces for the 
en)> all amply provided 
with every thing' nqnisitfe to 
Royalty^ th^oe is absolutely no- 
body beloi»f ing to the Royal 
Family retitHnfipI 

This, being' Uie iAae, and the 
eomitry bein^^ hi the most dis- 
tressed situation, why are the 
people to be ctiledupoa to fkt^ 
for a place of vesidenee for the 
Queen? Why ai^ tb^ to km 
taxed merely to gratiiy th^ 
desire of the Queen's enenu^,, 
to see her Majesty li¥iti|r <oiit ^ 
a palaoe ; aiAd how ia it to be 
expected that the^Qaeen wiN 
consent to be a party to throw- 
io§r this additional bivthen upon 
the peopki, whose sufleriogs 
Bbe must be well acquainted 
with, and whose purses, we ar^ 
all well assured^ she is desirous 
to spare, since we remember, 
that she so generously dedined 
ilteen tbous^ind pounds a-year 
iipoki her chitting the comk 

In. spite of all that - can be 
Md ctlfd doUb, we shalU i am 
oonrinced, see this courageous 
and injurcid Queen m a*|9^tece. 
And now I bejg the pubKc^ if 
not ydu» and, parttcuhnrly, I 
humbly beseech herMi^ty, to 
bestow attention upon what 1 
smgHring to stiy.- 

You and your colleagues are 
alwaj's prepared with some le^ 
gal bar to whatever i^ asked by 
Ibr Majesty. Some law, some 
pr^dedefit, sdme ' usagev is al- 
ways conjured up iti bar against 
her. But> against kcv living in I 

a palace yoil have np su^h faar» 
until you have actually dissolved 
her marriage with tbe Kin^^ 
Until then she has the rights of 
a wife, and, if you do not know 
it, it is time you sbould know 
i^ that, amongst those ngiits, 
is the right oC COHABiTA* 
TK)N. Marii this ; that, let a 
wife's conduct be what it may; 
let her be proved to be all that 
the bill asseets .her Mi^ty to 
be ; still, until the marriage ba^ 
actaally diisoliied, the wife has 
at^ times a^o to and 
to live in the sfuae building with 
her busband^ and^if she choose, 
to «it al the same board/ and 
sleei^ in the same bed.! This 
riirht is petfeptly 1NDEPEASL-: 
BLS, except a disaa*. 
lutioQ of the nuiitiage* Nomat*- 
ter that there has bean a Hjf^ 
r«Cioa;.effeii iC thete enlist. ar-* 
tielbs of separalioii; the wife 
dto, during the jexistenee of 
tliose ariUcles,. demand admit-, 
tanoe into, and a eonslab^ n^j-* 
denoe in the siuue house oir 
placfe of h6r huikband, be th%t 
house, wbete it win, ^nd be^ 
long to whomsoever it ni#y ; 
except the bcMise be e pMMUi, 
in whieh the busblUEid is confined 
>)y sejitence accor^inglo the doe 
course of Isiw, or exceipt it be a 
madhouse, where he is put.un- 
dbr the superintendance of Ich 
galfi'uardiaBs; and all this is pei^ 
fectfy well known to Dr. hxiskr 
ington, though it may possibly 
be excluded froiii your surpris* 
iog mass of " statuman-lik^" 

Here Uee the real nemadji of 
herJMEi\|e8ty. Buekingihftm Uousa 
for ^e torwn, and Kiew 6rHaii^* 
tofiPtiac&for the eou^try , wonM 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


July m, IdM. 


besofllcieAt for \ht Queen ; and 
if these be not given «p to her, 
her short remtdf n, GOING 
to the Pavilion ; in short, to 
all or any of the places where 
bin Mi^ly lesid^ ; aiwljfyen 
aik me nty opinion abont the 
tet,' my opinioti is, that tiiii is 
the retMedy that wit^ be ap- 
I^ed; and, if it shoold, we 
shaN' then have an oppertonity 
of witbessing the eoosequences 
of your ** $iaie$ntan^ikB" mode 
ofujiMMing- the dignity of the 

' Nbthito^ ahortof palateseugbt 
W- satiACy her Majesty. While 
die is out t}f a palfite she is atc€ 
afker fUiee ; 6h^ ib in a state 
ofabaietiiedt; for, thotgtr yoH 
ungki Irfe in Fopimao-street 
WiMont doihplainiiig, or eMretk 
in 8lie«-kme, Vfthout dejg^rada- 
tien Urom the drcuMostabde of 
residenee \ the Queen oanaot 
lite bimiahed firom the palaees, 
withoM cottiplainiBg; she can- 
riot- thtm liT4 without seeming 
to ailmit that there are some 
MTUllda for the aobosations 
^fefaist her; t» which I will 
^, that it is the universal wish 
thai her Majesty would take 
ttie short course- of redveMng 
her wrongs; thai ^he would 
imiitte no more applicattoflsabont 
pla«ea of resideoce ; but gd at 
Ofide ,t» tHe palace of her htis- 
baad, attd dum and enjoy her 
iWilias his wife. The public 
Mshthat her Majesty, and (tie 
King loo,' should be happy. 
l¥Hh thfeirwefl-tooMrn and pro* 
^e¥Mai gbbd nKtare, they d6 
Ml wM «o seer aWpptng up of 
4ld trUi^aiMs^ they make al- 
WMe^^ftv ineemt^attWNty of 

tempers ; they have ttq desire 
that her Majesty should do any 
thing wantonly to hurt thefeel- 
ings, or cast reflections on the 
charaet^ of the King: but they 
are resolved that, as ftir as they 
can legally pmvent it, as far, at 
any mte, as their supplicatioiis, 
prayers, uid legal interfl^ence 
can go, the Qneea shaH not b'c 
oppressed by the measures of 
his Majesty's adirisers* I'bey 
are not desirous of seeing 
a strict cohabitation, after au 
thsit h'w t#aBspi¥ed ! bht therf 
do desire to Acfe the wifb of ^ 
Kirig 'm a Royifl palace,' and 
liolding her Court as a Quee^ ; 
and to thift it will con^; sOonor 
o^ later'; hi spite of every tMng' 
that can b^ done to prevent^it. ' 
We want to kiiow, too, why 
We hear any" talk about granti^' 
of money fir ike Queeh; end I 
ttmbgtit U singularly iAiproper 
that any one should propose a 
grant of morieyfcr the ujse of 
her Majesty. The bieans of' 
mainiainhig the sprendoiui^ and- 
dlgiitiy of the Queen are -amply 
prorided tor in the GtVit jL^. 
Was it evet* th<Htght *of in 
the liitfe reign,' t*y volfe' mo- 
ney for the separate tMAhiite- 
rtance oT the Queen ? 43eod 
God ! What are we come to, at 
last ? The Civil Liftt is ah im- 
nlense grant of money f^r the 
support of the splendour an4' 
(Bgnity of the Throne ; sM Was 
it ever contemplatied as possible, 
that a provision for the Queen 
could be regiMed. as not in*-* 
chidedrn th^e grant t It' never 
was*; and, in ^H»ate¥er vfeir' 
of the matter we take ft, the 
Queen is inchiddd in evei^ 
grant of this- description. Yeu- 

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may talk as lon^ a& you pleaae 
aboiit a Queen tn law beio^ one 
thing, aad a Queen by gr4Mce 
and /orotfr another thing: but, 
learn now, if you did not know 
before, that this distinction does 
not belong to vnve$. There i», 
thank G^, no such thing as 
a wife bff grace and favour. 
Wires are sich by law, and by 
law only ; and that law is 
not to be a dead letter with 
rega^rd to the Qtteen. The 
Civil List is granted for her as 
well as for the King ; her right 
of 9ok£ibitaUon no man will be 
base enough to deny ; and it is 
in her own good pleasure and 
power to consent or not ^nsent 
to separate residence; and« of 
courae> it depends upon her 
pleasure what portion of the 
Civil List shall be applied to her 
u^. Her Mi^esty degrades her- 
self by cofidescending to apply 
to any of you on the subject oi 
residence, plate, or any thing 
eke. Her husband's residence 
is, her residence, and the short 
way of settling the witter is 
TPO GO TO IT. This would 
settle the dispute at onoe, and 
would .expose you and thf ho* 
noi^r^le House to no more of 
that laceration of your tender 
feelings, of which you, tender 
sou), n^ake such mournful com- 
plaint! It does not become a 
Queen, and particularly a Queen 
like her Miy^ty, to be carrying 
on a chaffering correspondence 
with a set of toad-eating clerks. 
She has a husband ; that hufr- 
band is a K)ng ; she is descend- 
ed from a family in every way 
equal to that of his own : ap- 
pealing to his clerks .for the 
means <>( esustence is so much 

beneath her, that I wonder her 
Mi^ty has net disdained it« 
long enough ago. This is the 
on^ error that the Queen has 
committed ; and, when her Ma-* 
jesty perceives, as she very soo» 
will, that she wiU get aething 
by such humiliating meanff, I 
am persuaded, that she wiU los* 
not a moment in abandomng the 
error.. She is no Queen of 
grace and fcmetur. She is a 
Queen in law ; and, what is a 
p^reatdeal more, she is a WIFE^ 
m whieh word is oombioed every . 
thing that her Mi^jesty stands in 
need of to seeare her all tlie 
means of upholding the digoily 
and q>leiulour belon§^g to Ikh*. 
rank. Against this word you 
have no power. You foil nerve* 
less before it You are unmanned 
in a moment All yoiur talk 
about law, and grace, and Ur 
vQur; all ^or quibbles vanish 
in a twinkling. That all power- 
ful name pla^ her in tbesaoM 
palace vvith the King, at spy 
moment when Stbe pleiises ; apd 
being once there, she quits it, 
if she quit it at all, on the terms' 
that her own good pleai^i^ shall 

Thus, you see, there are those 
who think very differently from 
you about this matter ; and wha 
understand it, too, rather betteir 
than you and your colleagues* 
It is earnestly hoped that her 
Majesty will wait for np trial, 
as it is called, before she assert 
her rights as wife. Tp, forbear 
from that assertion, is tartly, to 
admit a dpi^bt of acquittal ; and 
to admit such a doubt to eifiaH 
in her mind is what I .fu^.^UKe ' 
her Majesty does not ,mean. . I 
must repeat, howcYor^ that thft 

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JutY w, lOTa. 


public are all atiT^ as to this 
point They are indignant at 
seeing* her not in a palace. There 
IS no need of a trial to convince 
them that she is a wife ; or to 
remind theih of the great dcwer 
that the bravghi t6 hthr husband. 
It was not to pay the debts of 
her Majesty the Queen, that 
nearly seven hundred thousand 
pounds were paid by the people 
of this country, To pay that 
snm^ how many of those whom 
you denominate the " basepo- 
" pidae^* had to part with a 
portion of their comforts ! yet, 
they parted with it cheerfully ; 
but FOR WHAT? Why, be- 
cause his late Majesty asked 
for it, as being necessary to the 
happy establishmerU of his then 
RoyA^ighness andhis Spouse! 
It was dpdn this ground that the 
money was asked for, and cheer* 
fully given. And is this wife, 
the wifb who brought this 
dower, to be treated by the ser- 
vants of her husband as a sort 
of beggar, to be relieved, if r^ 
lieved at all, fh>m motives of 
compassion, grace, wtid favour ! 
Away witb all your pretences 
about feeling for the Queen ; 
about ddicaey: about wishing 
not to distress her ! Such pro* 
fessions are an insult, ft cool and 
cutting insult, to her Majesty ; 
and as snch they are received by 
the public. 

Before I cpbclude, I cannot 
help observing on the tone 
which has been taken by some 
of those, wht> hate, much more 
than they hate the devil, the 
bare possibility of there bcfing 
in this countrv, any single soiU 
<>f the Royal Family popular. 

These men know very well what 
the effect with rijgard to them, 
of such popularity must be. 
There- is nothing in tbis world 
which they so much dread. To 
make the Royal Family suspeti 
the people, and to make the peo* 
pie entertain towards the Royal 
Family feelings, which I will not 
describe, is the ruling principle 
of the policy of this base, cruel, 
and cowardly set of men ; one 
of Ufhom has lately observed, 
that her Mijesty took measures 
as it were for the purpose of tn- 
flaming the country. If vou had 
called this a mean and base ad- 
viser, your words would hnre 
been appropriate enough. What 
has h^r Majestj done to inflame 
any body f She has, as I have 
just shewn, greatly erred on the 
side of condescenrion and humi- 
lity ; and if she had not, sfao^ 
we have heard Arom the lips of 
the silky gentleman, who has 
risen fh>m the very lowest staHe 
since the marriage of her Ma- 
jesty, and whose wifb as well as 
hinttelf are fastened upon us as 
pensioners for life : if the Queen 
had not condescended too fkt, 
if she had asserted her unques- 
tionable rights, m the mann^ 
that I have described, and in the 
manner that 1 now most stre- 
nuously recommend, and which 
in so recommending, I onl^ joib 
in the universal voice ; if har 
Majesty had asserted her rights 
in this manner, she never woukl 
have been insulted by the pert 
observations of this subtle and 
siiky alave, who is not even 
now fit for any thing highar 
than that of handing: her plate 
at table. 

wba^ras to character or deeds. I' Instead of endeavouriiig to 

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To Ca6TLV>£A€III. 


iotaine ^ pfiblic mind, her Ha- 

^^tgf ^eorns to (lave been sqek* 

ang, almost up to this mopaeat, 

tp. p^voQl ^ very tWng liJ^Q in- 

,Aammatiop. Id^^I^ci. jiX ,&i. 

Omecs; i^KPaiened th^re wiUf., 

. prosecution it ^ dared put b^t 

Jioot o;;i the s)\^ of£fjg|[apd; 

t^ccus^ t^e tnomeni she arrivj&d ; 

attempted to be weedled oi;it 

of the country^ and whenth^t 

Wi failed> i ilified, abused* wd 

ppioted out that she ought to 

be made to ]^ield as ^ 9iar^^4r 

no crime ccxuMi be made put 

Mainst her: in the midst of all 

1^ ^he kept Jtier patience. Slje 

answered ^oplly to the >¥arm^t 

addresses* lest . she shoutd be in- 

^trumeutai in cau3in^ a^ita^n. 

,Bul, there is ii point beyoad 

which to ^xercJse forbearfuice 

would be criminal or would, at 

least, Bixme a cQinsciousnes$. pf 

^^uilt. Aii^, accordingly, when 

.the bill of pains aud penalties 

.^reclaimed her to the world, ^s 

an abf^ndoned adulteress, she 

assumed the tone that became 

her. Of tha( tone her answer 

tp the Newbury A4(hre6s is a 

^pe4»mep ; and that specimen, 

itogetber with the Addcess that 

4:^led it forthf 1 here insert, for 

<4he e<?Ufici^ioa of the meftn and 

bi^ mi^n. ifi wbo^ charge 

against her A&^^yi I b&ve 

above al^i^M- 

"» TO THE QtJftEl<*S VMit £XCfi^1.tkT 
• . '«AJMtY« 

' ' "The htimWe-Addr^fssof the 
"*' Inhabitants of the Borbdgh of 
'^ Newbury, in the ©ourity of 
^' Berks, m Commo(n HaM as- 
-** sembled. 


' ^qd Igtyal saints, Iiihabitants 
' of the BprQi^h pf /Mewbury, 
' in Public HaU as^f i^^led, b^ 
' J^ii,ve \a j)pptoj>Gh ypur,l\f^es- 
' ty, pot . ip the language pf 
^unmeaning ad^^fttiQp, wbi<}h 
' would .^e ^ disgffi^tfng to the 
' ^g^%^' u^in^ ,(?f your Majee 
' ty to awept» would be 
' cfegrading and disgraceful in 
' us to offer, . but with , our 
' wannest congrtitula^ibnsnpqn 
' your, M f^tjrs sa^ retuqi to 
' this j^ingdom, after ^n absjence 
'of six eyei^t/ul years, during 
'which period fio^any ^lustd- 
' 0U8 personi\ges of your R9yal 
' House have been removed 
' from f1:us transitory if^rorlc]!. 
' And we feej ojirselves cabled 
' upon in ,a particular manner 
' to oiTer our Mncere condolence 
' to your M^esty, m the g^refit 
' los^ you sustained ' by the 
! death of your Majesty's guar- 
' dlan aqdprot^ctp/, pur late vir- 
' )uous and re.yfi|rc%d Sovi^reigjp, 
' King George ;the Third, and 
' your amiable' and belov.ed 
' daughter, ,tb<p ErWcess Char- 
' lotte, upon Whon> the hop^ 
' pf t|ie nation bad fondly rest- 
' ed. . . . 

** We. have never ceased (o 
' f^eli rctgret (pr the.unrelenti^ 
' pt^rsi^cutions i^id indij^niij^ s 
' your, Maje^sty ^ expenenc^d 
' while Princess of Wajes, froin 
'ssome of the highest autborl- 
' iip^ in ;^{ji* pptfnfry • but as 
'.your jVfiy^sty cpippleteljf. t^- 
' f^nphed over. a fpul coh^pira^y 
' m lB{ft, fprraed against yoifr 
' life and honour, so. do we sip- 
' cere]^ .trust your Majesty wjll 
' .prpve equally triumpnant p v^r 

* ji^enewed ^ftt^eifipb- to vili^ 

* yo\ir dfl^rjiij^r, . , 

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ivhx%i, i«»o. 


M W# $Awiw iheppmpi re: 
" final of .your M<^iMty tp oom- 
^' promiae jK^r bonoDt for a pe- 
'' 6i|&iltry«MMHteKatioyij; nor.Qitn, 
" we forbear expnuvnag equal 
''^admiration M tbe magamai-: 
^ teous aad - deinsMre oointtict 
"your M^esty has diiplayi^» 
. '' l^y your mibi^Htating oonfi- 
^ debtee in tiie loyalty laod bo* 
<< near of the BrUi3h naiion, as 
** well at the eoitfage yoa ha^e 
*' evifioed m boldly meeting 
" your accuserp^ proteslingt 
^ agonal all seeret ioYestigfi-* 
*' tioiota, and demanding an open 
*' and Oonitiialjonal IriboittL 

** ^e aiHeerely hope thjut. 
*' ybnr Mi^ty witi be «stab- 
" liihed in All yomr jost rights 
'' and privilegea ; that you wilt: 
*f triumph over att your enemies, 
^whomaoer^ they may be/ 
" and wherever to be ionsaad-^ 
" and that yoa i will resi^d 
" amongal a people zfealonsly 
'< attached 4q* the House of 
" Brunalyidc, abd who feel 
« deeply intaroited in thd *wel- 
*' hte and happintss of year 

(Sigiied, on behalf of the 

John Has k eh, Mayor, * 

90r ^9^i]ftfefmmi, the ft>l- 
toidng meptigiafioQi anawer ;~ 

'' Mm Af«^ityVi dutifcl and 
*' loyal mb^aeM, inbabitanta.oT 
" thfrBQr0t]fb*ofjtfewbury,>mer 
^' r^ i^y gfatefelackiMowledge- 
'' me«ls ^ tbia ftaok and aS^ 
" niDimta Addfess^ IHirii^ my 
'*iloiig^alx»eme fvom tins ee«n* 
^ Iry^ i vmff^ eoMed to remem- 
^'flKnr Ibe n^wyigalions whiah I 
^' Mied io iu biirhimiiided ger 

nerosUy. ThcM obligiaiions 
' have heen greatly increased 

since my cetum; andl^ald 
' be insen«ible to all right feel- 

i^lgV jf i did noty Mvecfier, 

" 1 have abed mmy tews over 
' the eady gr#ve of the Princess 
' Charlotte ; and I p^m, at this 
' moment, sensibly affected bv 
^ the tribute of aflbction which 
' you h^ve paid to her memory, 
' and by that^ender recollection 
^ of ber worth which is so uni- 
^yersaUy cherished. 

" When death removed bis 
' late revered Majesty to a hap- 
' pier #cene, 1 instantly felt the 
' magnitude of the loss 1 had 
' i|u«t«ned ; while ius sacred 
' Ulb WM epare^j il aperaUd 
' like a bqrrier a^gainst the 
f wmgeamee rf my persecutors, 
^ BMt hitf dear ^remains were 
' hai41y cold, whw my enemies 
' began to renew their persecu-* 
' tioos, and to' load me with 
' aggravated indign^s, I was 
' afanoat instantly held up to 
^ the people as a criminid, un- 
' wofMby of having my name 
' inserted in their devotional 
' formularies. The Ckm^piraey, 
' jwhioh had been defeated, 
' thoii§ph only by a partial' in*- 
' veatigc^on ^f my conduct, in 
' IWa and 1907, ag^n jteared 
' its vMiotive. head ; ma4 an 
' attem{)it lis now malong to de« 
f gmdetitm in nnK and to i^nk 
' jkie in inAmy> Ip^. «i prpcedure, 
'r which is at oiK^ oH omrage 
'^^ffmM3M law, and wholly in- 
f compatible with the j^pirit of 
'.tbeBritidiConstitaiion. But 
' my honour and my right8>are. 

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To Castlereagh. 


" and every one is interested in 
•' their preservaiion.'^The fy- 
•** ranny, which destroys me to- 
*' day, makes every man'sMerly 
•' less secure to-^morrow. — ^In the 
*' present alarming crisis^ when 
<M am attacked by the strong* 
" arm of overwhelming power; 
'' I rely first, as an hiBocent 
^* woman, npon the favour of a 
" protecting Providence ; and 
*' next, as an insulted and a per- 
'' secuted Queen, upon the sym^ 
" foihies of the People ; and 
** upon that potent i^emey of 
*' public opinion, which ndw 
** forms the best safeguard 
" against the aggressions of ty*- 
*' rofnnyy and the enormi^es of 
*' injustice** 

Nothing that ever fell from 
the pen of man ; and, what is 
a great deal better, notiiingthat 
ever proceeded from the heart 
of woman, was more proper 
than this. Her Majesty does not 
at all over-state the matter when 
she says that we are all inter- 
ested, equally with herself, in 
the preservation of her nghts. 
That which is her lot to day, 
may be the lot of any of us to- 
morrow. If her rights ean be 
taken away, by a process, no 
matter what, our rights can be 
taken away by that same pro- 
cess. Indeed, if this were not 
the case, the injustice of proeeed- 
ingp against her in this ntaniler 
would be loo horr^le to be 
thought of. It woufci then be 
a thing imrented for her alone. 
Well, then, every one of us is 
liable to suoh a mode of pro- 
ceeding. Any man may be 
taken out of the ordinary tri- 
bunab, and tried and condemned 
, by bill. What then becomes of 

our security ! What becomes of 
the security of any man who is 
hated by the ministers of Ule 
day? Can any man ho|M to 
plead suedtofnlly against thu 
species of jurisdiction, to whidt 
the Wife of the King has becin 
compelled to submit ! 

The case of her Majesty, UieYi, 
is the case of us all ; and theffe 
natursilly and necessarily arises 
a fdlow fseUng ; a community 
of sentiment and of interest be- 
tween her Majesty and the peo- 
ple ; and especially any part of 
the people that may have bci^n 
marked out as objects ^ f op- 
pression. And who has been 
the cause of this community of 
sentiment and of interest % Why, 
those persons who have placed ~ 
her Majesty in her presenti sl- 
tnatron, and^ with regard 16 
whom, her Majesty must fe^l 
precisely as others feel, who 
hsrve been persecuted by the 
same men ; and| lor the greater 
part, by precisely similar mean^. 

Therefore, the mean and base 
man, to whose words I have al- 
luded above, may, as they say hi 
Yorkshire, keep his breath to 
cool his porridge. TheQuei^i 
can aoy nothing to defend her- 
self; she can say nothing in fe- 
probation of her persecutors ; 
she can make no complflinti no 
remonstrance ; she caa mate no 
movement in ofder to parry the 
blow that is ahbed at her: she 
must close up her lips, and go 
like a lamb to the slaughter ; 6r 
she must make common cause 
with the people: to which I 
have only to add, that, if this 
be a subject of lamentation ^th 
you, you^have the coittolation Co 
4aiow that it is altbgelkev o( 

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Ju*¥ '^9^ I82«f7 


yopr otm ^oAmg and you;t>owdd 

One .woid at parting- upon 
the «cibie«i oC the -inteoited trial, 
the passttig^ of- the Alim BM, 
J^otwUfaataodin^ tlie petatip^ 
afifainst it; the pa$sing^ of, the 
Aben Bill, giving' yeu, aad yoqr 
eoUeagaes,4M]cli fearful powers; 
placing alt the Queea'a witness- 
es so completely at your merey ; 
the paating of this bill/ without 
any elaose to protect th(ise wit- 
nesses from being seqt out of the 
country by yoo^or by Sidmonth ; 
the refusal" of this olaiise, upon 
the ground, that; if it. passed it 
woiSd. reflect dncredit apon you 
by implying a ^t^picion thaH 
you were cctpaUe^ rtQiwiting 
fainAy towardBthe Queen! The 
passing of this bill has not been 
overlooked by the public; and 
it has by no means tended to as^ 
suage the feelings that before 

Tlfe refusing the Queen ihe 
namea of the witnesses to bo 
brought against her, is another 
thing to be- i^lded to the cat^- 
Ibgue. It is,, observed upon 
what ground this refusal was 
made ; and tne public has stood 
in^ need o^ no cominentary to 
lead, them .to a just conclusion. 
But, it having been thrown out, 
in the House of Coinmons by 
Mr. Deoman, that it might be 
thought proper to advise her 
Majesty td dedins^ to defmd 
ket*self in the H&tsse 6f Lords, 
en aeeountof sutk Ust of H€tmes 
ifeing refused; I must express 
my optnioii', that sueh a st«p 
w^ndd be grealh/^ injurious to 
her Mqje^'s cause. It would 
gieem to say, thaft she wi^- 
#d io avoid that ti^inL U 

somelhit^ toc ^ out ofi Ihai 
trial. . Therein ano mai^ peirsQw ., 
wbOfWoiil^^aay; tfcut ^e Mmnm 
o€£he vrito«»fti-WMS0jEiskQd fott 
kno!wi»irthift*thay.YW):i*id. btHiWr 
fased^ fef .the sola purpose* of . 
having ^•«3ietise> to declining 
the trndl Bai the most dauferf 
ous thmg oC aW would bo that^ 
as hei^Mftjesty would go to ihc 
tried in ths Hou$e of Cofnmjtm^^ 
it would ^ se^n ;. to* say ; ^nay; ft 
would aitioui^t ^ a declaratipn 
that h^ Majtsty a<5ibi^v?<flofearf 
the House* of Klku^mpns> b4 ^ 
tnhat it? migh^ W<iU|d:]! »JB 

JUST I , ,., ; , ... , 

ih^perhe/Maj^txiriirthiinh , 
twioe'aad. evea a jtlynii^ufl 
times, upon a step lil^e thi^'^htl 
fore she takeiit^ • I' liopjetahe 
will teflect well and- kmg b^ 
fore she give hfcr;a<>i|5ei»t,tg^.th« 
adaption ^{ a/measun^ lik^, tj^i^ 
Nolhing oat bo Tuore nnne^^^^ 
saiy, to say* the le«^t.of4t, ihaiV 
iof'.fruise o^s%jiutl^es,b^f6r^^ 
hanA> Some gei^l^men. .bav^ 
teeently foundvloiheir oostthat , 
nothing 4s moie.^u^j^oeissaryj. 
and, 'indeed, 0^1^ jmpMid^qti 
than this. U is quite timo^ - 
enough to )Hraise. one'^i iodges. 
after the ^POGmiingSi are <^^ 
over. Her Majesty hasi had ;«, 
htllo ejcpecienoe hiersdlf of IW 
effects of fr(mm^: ik§rflo^s^^f " 
Cammonss <]VV^hett her P^sgesty 
hid, in the Can^ous negociation- 
papers,, so frte<|ju««)tly; de^laredt 
her feod«ess\to suAH^ ihe» . 
*', declared ^ensp of> ik«vH(^s^^ 
" ofCtmmom:* Whto she, hftd/ 
done this, shp. prx^tty quickly 
found, a deputation of that/ 
House at her feet^^itl^iMikfcunifi ^ 

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Til Ck«TLBtJ|Aa9. 


aaaaile mtohsSM, that the 
migkt safely gweitpher rights, 
and depart in peace to foreign 
lands, witbovt tlie smaUeet upot 
or sliia apon her charaoAer ! 

Taoght by tint experien<ee I 
troit that her If i^y will g^e 
no er^erenee to the House of 
Commons, who, I am fally 
persuaded, WILL PASS THE 
THE LORDS^ As I beUeve 
that Ae House of Lords is as foil 
d wisdom, of justioe, of toir-play . 
of integri^, and of every other 
good qnac^ as the House of 
Commons is ; so I believe that 
If tim bin pass the Upper House 
It wlU also pass the Lower 


OhlMl TUs is not die way 
logo tOL work. Let the Lords 

Poa^andlet her Miyesty, as 
te sakL to be her determina- 
lioA» go and Am her aoeosers 
in pemm, Mwl *• need fear 
MtUng. Her MiJesfywUl have 
mudi better opportnnities in the 
Hoisie of Lord^ than she would 
liave In the House of Commons 
«f suggeartDg questions to the 
IMmsefs' witnesses.. Her un* 
deksfaading tfio bmgttftge of the 
Italians is a great advantare. 
In tiie House o| Lords her Bla* 
jesty will be belter situated for 
tUs purpose; and, what is a 
great advantlige, ^e will be 
present at the opemng of ike 
(kwri. She wiU hear her ao 
cnmtion read. There will be 
iso mummery ffoing on. She 
win see the witnesses at their 
irH apptaranoe, beforo they 
get aeeustomed to the scene. 
to Aeit, she wiU, by meet^ 

ing them at once and before the 
Lords, do all possible (pood for 
herself, without risking th» 
smallest danger ; but once more, 
1 say, that, in giving » PRE- 
FERENCE to the House of 
Commons, she would actually- 
be appealing to them from the 
Lords, and by this appeal she 
would make before'^baod, an ac- 
knowledgment of the justice of 
their decision, whatever might 
be the nature of that decision I 
And again, I say, that, so help 
me God, I believe that the 
House of Lords is full as up- 
right, foil as impartial, foil as 
independent, and full as much 
friends of her Majesty as the 
House of Commons ! Amen. 

Wis. COBBETT. . 

P.S. I hare just room to congrttu- 
Ute you on the Oiariout MevoluUmi in 
Naptet. A aeoond ReTokitioB, dEftct- 
tAbfSoldient ukd not a Hfls to$t ! 


The present number eontains 
the Table of Contents and Index 
to Volume 86, of which the last 
number was die dose. By those 
who think it worth while to put 
those numbers into volumes this 
table of contents and index must 
be taken out of the present 
number and put to the beg;in- 
ning of the last Volume. 


The unexpected torrents of 
eloquence which have been 
poured fourth in consequence of 
the arrival of her Miyesty the 
QueeUf have made it necessary 
for us to alter our plan a little, 
and to bring out more than one 
number in a week. The re- 
maining numbers will now be 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


Jtfu n, i«M. 


got d«t as hit tf posrible, and 
the Votimie wiH be eompleted, 
with elt the possible sids of in- 
dexes and refereneeSy so that it 
nay he ready for use before the 
Houses meet to proceed lo the 
trial. We shall Uien start ftdrly 
with then agfain; and by the 
tUDe thmt we getthroog^ the 
Bext VoluMe, we riiall, we 
thmk, he able ta present to our 
feaden sitdi a mass of materials 
Ibr present amusement and in- 
Inrmiitioo aad for Aitne history, 
as Ae worM never beibre saw 
hi so small a eompass. We are 
thankftil to Providence for cast- 
img our Jot to five in these days. 
Every day now is » month of 
oemmott dm Bvelty year b a 
eeiititry. Events and not hoars 
are the measure of life. To have 
ei^oyed- tong* life while one is 
yet yoang^, is certainly a veiy 
great Uamng; and for this 
blessing we of the present day 
' have to thank; as the immediate 
suUunasy causes of that bless- 
ii^, Pittk Addingteiuy GrenviHe^ 
Perceval, Jenkinson and Gastle- 
reaeh ; and we hereby beg those 
of these personswho happen to be 
still alive, to accept of our grate- 
M thanks> while we eatettain, 
though an'inferior, yet a consi- 
derable degree of ^^titude, to 
wards the Can^in^, the Hunns, 
the Husldssons^ uie Longt, the 
RoseSj the Steels^ the Bankes's, 
the Wilberforces, llnd many 
others too tedious to mention, 
who are all eciually entitled to 
our good wiU, and to perpetu- 
ate whose deeds, along with 
those of the ^perior dass above 
metttioned, has been the occu- 
pation of no inoowiderable j>or 
tite of oisr lives. ^ 


Relating to her Jjfc^e^ty the 

Lord W. Russell and Mr. Whii- 
bread presented the IblloWing 
Address to her Majesty, op 
Tuesday last; . 

to BBR K08T SKACfOUB If aJmtT .04-* 

Thedutifd and loyal Addmp 
' of the householders, and in- 
habitants of the ' ancient 
town and borough of.Bei^ 

^ Wehis Majest/s HWttflft 
and loyid subjects tff the' td^ 
and boroiu^ of Bedlbrd, h^t 
leave, with every asssunuice of 
loyal^ and attadnhcoit, to oflbr 
to your Majesty oiir moit smcei^ 
and cordial coflgratttlatidnft oh 
ypur Majesty's acceisidn t<yyo^ 
roval title, and on yotv Mi^Jitg- 
ty^s safe -returii io the British 

** In offering our congratulai^ 
tions, we cannot refrain liroin 
expressing our sincere and h^H^ 
felt condolence on the inepara- 
ble losses which your.KfajeMjr, 
as well as the whole nation, 
have sustained, bv thd death tff 
your late beloTed and amiable 
daughter, the Princess Charlotte, 
on whom the hopes «|nd expec- 
tations of the country had ik 
fondly and so alTectionately rest- 
ed; as well as on the dealh df 
our late most^acious sovereigff. 
King George the Third>: ySti& 
ever proved hiniseK your Mb- 
jetty's most warm sjnd stedl^ 
^friend* V ..- ' ^ 

c 2 

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ftovii' boetMmrtf. 


" If is with feeling the most! 
fMunftil, and wUlj ^^6 miHit ge* 
noiiie eniotioo^ of fi^mpathyandl 
gnaf/ (hat we advert to ibe eir- 
cuiBstanoet ^tc&, at jNPMmt^ 
ao YixihanpUy exiat, and that,w© 
^■^^•^Bdrqtaf abhb^enfee of the 
iieaibKS ' ttiat hav^hithorio 
iuHpbd ai^iisi yout Wf?i. 
jeftty'8 peace and mnonr, l^ 
well af . pf, the ipdignitie?^ to 
y^\ym Maj^tar haa been 
ao pecmiarly and so unwamnt 
ablj exppsedj by whiph the 

^. ^he only consiO|U),j^bii we 
ftel^dtf this occasion,. is ^rhred 
fh>m the dignified, open, and 
1l|lfn|tniinpiis induct* 'Which! 
K^^tmmLliife Btr^[|g»sft tfofata- 
lioilM»i«it jonr aciaBiecay (al- 
||NHif£.lH»litfd by a eo^bim- 
«|Q«j«r.iecrat #!«« aid «»«wiii 

oemBiittee> eomposed of y&ax 
Miydsly's a£tttiers» cowpafing 
tbomsehies to ft Oialid '2mrfi' by 
presfanting a Repdri, and nttro^ 
^todndng npdn it M JUtt «f Pains 
and Fbnalties, before either wU- 
ncisftes have been exaatined Or' 
allegiitiDna pMhrM, ir.«toQtoire 
Arog^ator^'to the >e8ti(iteresl9 
4>f the wlK)le natioe. 

'« NotwiHi^tatidbg Aeiar it^ 
m<»t iuJtoi m nHi lably obatesles' 
lo Intfh and joslic^, and; ^tar 
fli^asiiirea l^at haivetees gdoptiid 
io prtj>d|reiihefqi*i<ten/ 1^ tfae 
most taJQitilN^ rel^oeU bein^ 
ctroolaled, IMbfeyvtal Vb^^ 
u ibie i# liqpei tk^n(,w« ani- 
oeitftf tnBt> year Majesty nuLy 
hd esHMed\4o prove your imo^ 
efnde lollie ooirfiuloa of ^yonr 
a o o tii tf fe» 

We therefore faof^ sbcnrtly 
to hailihe day, when yo^r M4- 
jeity willlw established, iiv fotl 

i49s);.M>Wdl as the sirongest pMMssioftpfaaiyour^fualrtgAiar 

Mpwipt&uiL of yonr IftQesly's 

/t Yosfc M^ty's protest 
aninst a secret tribunal^ and a; 
dwiiind for a fidl, fted> and open; 
lnqittljr^yonf Mi^estyfs iefiD»al 
of ja.bribe ae^ baa^ offered^ as 
w^ IMi those eoneessionB on the 
Mlloryniraik^iiiers, (bcicatise 
QMsr.wiM^ inodnsisfteiit widt 
WttsBUKHUlinnO€toee.or honour) 
IfcACMdiicI ^llWdrtHy^of the 


" IBtkt jQit;adDiiM8traiioa of 
4diie: Uwr. aC\ OQs totmtcy is a' 
mUdi^jOtx mis> mt^ farporlance 
m i«kisbWiMto« nactidtt^. itftt we 

and aincerely trost thai * die - M- 

oryow mge^ aki^ lbi% am- 
tinw^.* ' ;•' ; '■ ■ ' . 

on behalf of flib^ 

^Ifttii'^e^^ibf: Hke preaent 

iMntseAOMBMES* - ■ 

1! Tli# anpoioUaettt of aisearet 


" JQHK QB3BfiN».]IiaydaL 
"Bedfv^^JHiyU,.l880/» •. 

Her 9N^8*y wtnmed the fljj^ 
hfwing^gi^cion^ answei^:-^ .^ 

" I.reeeive,> witk tlie niosi 
cqtdiaL satitfaettniii and : grkt»- 
tiKh)> tl^o asdmu^tis of the affsa^ 
titoataattachmenb of IM MajTor 

iSTki^i^ ^ je^a^y a^ jsnd iniriibtteiir of tbei annMit 

town add bordughiof Bedtashi 

I "" Tbr. doaMfifhoe sndos^m- 

paiby expreiied tort 4bs:inq^ 

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JTcLT wi, leio. 

table loss "dhich I liave sustfiin^ 
«d diirinjf my absence firom Eng- 
hnd, ill ihe 'persons of my be- 
Ibved dau^bter^.aad hb& late re- 
vered Majesty, is most valuable 
to me, md c^rs the only alle- 
viation to my feeliiies ef wUch 
the circumstances admit. 

*^ It is no slight a^gravatien 
«f the pain.occisiouea by. tlmse 
severe . lossef^ ti^ iboae efie*> 
nies, yrbo for yeaw have been 
tfeejdnir niy destruetien. 

secuiftf, and becon^ maty jt0 
my own dc^gwUition, i^ jopi)- 
senting io bontiiiue ItiMentfren 
the kinjg^pm^.imderV cepipi^ 
misevirhich xbust have ^^y 
affected the,}ioi|our pf fd) ^^pj^ 
corned.. I tluink ywsk fgir j^iur 
manly an4 generous expf)Miioji 
that thein§u)ts <^flbrei4 ^ iVHttf 
Queen you feel as offered to the 
nation ;, |md be assured, that 
vyhile my hooour is identified 

'".'^.u., \a^^ with tjie nation^ (from which 
erperceiivedthatiAmdestitiae It ja^yer can be really sepa- 
cf thja imlectten which befowij rated), jfAih God's help I wiU 

shield^ ine#..than thcsir. atteeks 
wei;e ^jaewedija a (ormscfumely 
udniittkiffTeaistai^oe; hpundlesn 
^^.are the means ot oyerawtng 
and corrupting possessed by 
these unplacabie foes^ vo ^saof 
bi$ Majesty th^n of fny^lf* 
But^ bowever well ealculated 
fnayihave been tbcfi^ measmoes 
io efitect my destruction,, by se^ 
^rd machinations, foUowfd. by 
the most audacious and iiidofhi 
trious circulation of slander of 
their own creation,,!^ yet (eel 
confident that that justice which 
has Itttherto been the brightest 
eharacteristic of ihe British na- 
tion, wiH not be sacrificed or 
tarnished in my person. . At the 
aame thne i cannot but be a$to- 
Biahed- and gtleved that these 
sknders should have . beed in 
any respect. san<^pne4 before I 
fcive been beard m m;^ defence, 
fcnd^hed with any specific 
ekatge, tlrisufTeredf to knov^ whq 
are Ae witnesses by whom. I 
have tfaus^lieen reviled, 

• " Te whalevet dangjers, how- 
eYer^ 1 may be exposed, from 
the power and malice of my 
enemies, I nef ef can regret that 
I did not submit to purchase 

maintain it in the fat^ of every 
danger^ aad to tlie last raoinent 
ofmyhfe; feeling at tU; same 
time, th^t no sacrifice hut that 
of the hoJiour of the oouetryp 
can b^ too grreat to promote the 
prosperity and happiness of a 
nation to which I already owe 
so much." 

The fbllpwivg Address was 
•fee presented to her i^je'suf 
on Tuesday last: ^ 


Tie l^umblfi A4dr«M e* tki 
Inhabitants ofntha Tewii 
and Il^hbfQHirfaood jif 
Sfaaftesbvtry» in the ^^maXy 
of Dorset 

** Mojf & please g^Mr JMi^Vx/y, 

^' With emotions of the deep^ 
est regret at the aJflictive aitua- 
i^n in^whioh yotir i>i^je»ty haa 
been placed, uoder tbe dispen*^ 
jsjE^tipn pf Divine Provjdence,i by 
I ihe lotss of your justly belovei| 
dayghtcr, in whom our hopes 
were so fuadly ccntrt^d^ and of 

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your venerable protector, our 
. lata highly respected Sovereign> 
iLtid'^widi a just degree of iiH%- 
natidn at the various injuries 
trhich your Majesty has received 
both in' this country and on the 
consent of Europe, vfe hum- 
bly r^uest permission to pre* 
sent our congratulations on your 
ttfe return to these realms, and 
on the firniness which your Ma- 
jesty has evinced in the trying 
ttrcumstances which have at- 
tended your progress through 
life, fhnn the time of your first 
iaadiag oa the British shore, 
^own to the present moment 

'' In -thus communicating our 
heartfelt sentiments on the pre* 
'sent 'occasion, our attachment 
to the illustrious House of Bruns- 
wick, together with our unwil- 
lingness to revive your feelings 
of sorrow or of just indignation, 
we restrain our expressions re- 
specting the deprivations your 
Majesty has ^suffered, or the 
provocatio^aa which you htfve 
received on various hands^ Let 
H suffice to say, that viewing 
your Majesty as a branch of'that 
illustrious House, we feel every 
attack on your Majesty's person 
or character as an attack upon 
tUb BritUb nation ; and weTe- 
gwt tbai the offenders, on va- 
rious oecasiona, have not been 
nude to inoor the penalties 
which their base Slander and 
truly disloyal conduct have de- 
served. That your MiJesty's 
character ma^r be delivers from 
tbe machinations of your ene- 
IttteB, and rise, as ^e trust it 
trill, above every malignant in- 
^uation, or open attempts to 
ietract ftom its merits, is our 

earnest desire and prayer; and 
that your Majesty may be fa- 
voured with the enjoyn^nt of 
every blessing is the united wish 
of your Majesty's most obedient 
and most faithful servants." 

' Her Majesty returned the fol- 
lowing gracious answer :*— 

" r cordially thank the Mayor 
of Shafteabury, and the inhabi- 
tants of the town and neigh- 
bourhood for this loyal and 
affectionate address. "I'he sym- 
pathy which they evince for thcr 
melancholy losses and the reiter-* 
ated persecutions whi^ 1 have 
endured, cannot but be gratify- 
ing to the best feelings of my 

" To whatever trials I may 
have been exposed since I first 
set my foot on the Enelish shore, 
I shall never forget that in those 
trials I was consoled by the 
tenderness, and** supported bv 
the magnanimity, of the English 

*' Though I am well acquaint- 
ed vrith the activity and the 
malignity of my adversaries, I 
place a firm reliance upon the* 
protection of that great Beings 
firom whom no secrets are hid ; 
and while those who are no lesa 
the enemies of his Miyesty than 
of myself, are endeavouring to 
ruin me by their vnles, and to 
crush me' by their power, I aoa 
cheered by the consciousness 
that I possess a strong rampart 
of security in the gw>d sense, 
good feelin|fs, and good princi- 
ples, of this enlightened peo-t 

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iXfiyH, l84£ 

An address frcfni Newoastle 
iipoo Tyne, signed by e,eoo per- 
MD&, was likewise presented to 
the Queen, when her Mi^ty 
was pleased to return the M- 
lowing mo«t gracious answet >— 

'' With great satisfactioti I 
receive this address from his 
Majesty's datiful and loyal sub- 
jects, the inhabitants of New- 
eastle-ttpon-Tyne and the vici« 

'^ I accept with thanks, and 
return with sincerity, the affec- 
lionate expressions of youi* 
wishes towards myself, and to- 
wards that illustrious House 
from which I .am descended ; 
and the true honour of which, 
as it never has been, so it never 
shall be, tarnished by me. 

''Whatever I possess of wis* 
dom, courage, and magnanimity, 
has been fostered and strength- 
ened by the example of this 
disceming, generous, and gal* 
lant nation ; on whose unaUer* 
able attachment to the princi- 
ples of justice I firmly rely, m- 
d^ Divine Providence, for wp- 
port under all my unmerited 
ai&ietions, and for protection 
a|;ahist the machinations and 
violence of all my enemies." 

Daring ber Majesty's long and 
wearisome, but interesting jour- 
ney, her conduct was such as to 
ex^te the respect and venera- 
tMNn of the nations which^ she 
visitod, in some of wUdi she 
left lairting Mki of htf benevvM 
lenti^iril. At A«o«ii^»ui&Uci* 
fy, she dislsilKstocI wilk her own 

hand, 6r eansed to be disWibiit<7 
ed; la^ sums of money to tb#' 
poor. At Tunis she obtained 
the liberty of several slaves^ 
among whom were two lemaler 
— ^ne the daughter of the Oo"' 
vemor of St Pierrey the other 
a Genoese lady/ , tliis was be-' 
fore the irrival of Lotd-Exmouth. 
Several Roman slaves i^re also, 
released on the appBcaition of 
her Roval Highness, fthe mve^ 
to the New Academy ai Athens 
600 pieces (eohmnats)^ atod an* 
thoraed the governors to draw 
annually on the banker' Seara^' 
BNtnza, at Oonstaiitinoi^e, for 
900 more. She also rekased aH 
the prisoners foi^ debt at Athei»> 
and deposited in the hands of 
the govemer 7(t0 ]pieees, to bo 
applied to a similAr purpose 
after her d(epartiirei# iTo a poor 
Roman Catbotie ftttiily, wimm 
she found in tiie same place, shei 
gave SOO pieces. At Oonstaar^ 
^nople hsT benel^ctioni Irere 
stiH more numerous. To tbai 
eoBventioal Ikthers atieitisaleni 
she gave MO pieces : in Aet^ ai 
every place where sue stopped 
her benevolence was on tho 
alert to seedc and relieve Hyh 
(Ustress of her fellow ensatnre&r 
Her Migesty,^ on her return to 
£nropey took up ber reskleneo 
at an agreeable villa, on tbo 
shore of Lake Como, at a amidl 
distMiee from that town. Tho 
situation of this house, which 
she purchased of the Countesir 
Pino, was particularly beautiM, 
sittiDunded on aH stdes by the 
most enchanting aad romaa^ 
scenery. Her Majes^ hmm 
sought amusement rather ii| tho 
lesoumt of her own mind, ai^ 

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utmang ^ iiNilttfd number of 
Inenik/tluiDfrom an indiscrimi-^ 
mciAe intereourse with the inba- 
bilamiA of *€oiiio ; 'but still she 
was always hos^^ilable as well 
as tffftible to those by whom she 
was visited. 

- It was through ihe recom- 
.nl^ndlation of the^ Marquis Gliis- 
f Beri that the OounC&M of Oldi 
became m^id'of lionour to her 
Majesty. ^ • 

r We* now^o biwrtc 4o ths* pe- 
md Sffbeii soispiekms were first 
^«xdted as^toitheconditdt of:her 
Miyesty; aW Avhich led to the 
|>el'sei^ttois to whidi she has 
beeia since exposed. ' Wefi^tated 
iHi aformeroeeBSton.thatalllter 
Magosty^s Eng'lisli attendants 
^gdadUally quitted her previous 
te her departure fpom JEiwope*-* 
a «incumstano^,- iwe 4>dlieve, 
maiiUy • attributable to^heirdi«»« 
inblWratibii to »ci;onipaiiy her 
Majesty hti the long *and isAJig^ 
tng 'joifvney whieh shet cMtem^ 
^ted.' Dr.' Holland lelt ber in 
iune^rsf^.^and oame to4joti'^ 
tlod to pttWisb bis travels. 
Ikmon^ our oonntrymen whom 
hit Majosty met at Milan Sft^ 
IVli^. Wm. Burrelt !He proposed 
to rl^main M'lth^her 6ome* months, 
and actompataiod her ftfajesty 
<>«. li«p jo>Tmey'to Manttta, Bo- 
i0^na,Fervafa, and*Venice< from 
thinned they rift tnrned te^^Como, 
mnd liere Kfr. Biirtiel^ took his 
^parture, leavinof berMaje^y 
4#i Uiefbotfse of the Marquis VH- 

• tetti, ih»theTRorgxi> Vic(5.- ^ 
' *-Mt^ Borrell Went to Brussels; 
«M*^h<liitf'fb^|in one ol^th^dO- 

■• fMlticft/'iWho h^d^ccoitopajiifed 
4rfi[if4d»'iib^*fribT)slB witi^h«er Afa- 
jeMyi4iM(iIa«^ 4^ifU wttbi^i 
gard to her Majesty of the most' 

atrocious description. These 
stories reached England in a still 
mooe exaggerated shape, and in 
the^nd Lord Cbarles-d^tewart 
was sent to Milan to inquire into 
their truth. At Milan Lord 
Stewart became intimate with 
Baron d'Ompteda, Knight of 
Hanover.^ and formerly arabassa? 
dor of Jerome Buonapaj:ti^,Ki^g 
of \yestphalia, tothe Court of 
Vienna, and engaged him to be- 
come a watch on the conduct of 
her Majesty. This was in Sep- 
tember, 1815, and the Baron 
exerted all his ingennityio pro- 
mote the object of bis employ- 
ers, and to enlist persons' in a 
more hiunble sil'natiou in his dis- 
graceful commission. 

When her Majesty returned 
to Milan, in 1816, sire received 
mtiihatfon tbat^ she -was sur- 
robnded ^by spies in h^ own 
IwHise. • EndeaTowrs had been 
mfidedni^g her absence to-cor- 
rupt her servants, and to engage' 
them in l^ots destnicttve of thtf 
honour and reputation of their 

Boverjd of her Majesty's- Ita- 
lian domestics resisted the!. temp^ 
tations which were held out to 
estrange them firom their duty. 
One man, however, a German, 
of the name of Maurice Credi, 
was not equidly *virtuous. He 
suffered himself to bo seduced, 
and, for weighty consideratiofis, 
agreed to introduce the Baron 
d^Ompteda to the apartments of 
hor Majesty*byftilie toys. * For- 
tunately this h^^f^y tohtinvance 
W«s4mitffa«ed.> -Oiiedl'was dis^ 
itfmt^>witlib i < i t ipW opaifhia 
^idelitf/for i|ibiii«'^love4n(frik^ 
^th # «otmi»^4ttbn of W, 
nam^ Aon^te^ who was cham- 

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.July ^%XSM. 


benniiid to .bar M%fe&tv; and, t me I sYiould be ruined if I did 

in QCdm to 
to her Mi^esty's (mour, he con- 
tesed tbe infamous scheme in 
which he had been eusragred, 
and his coofession was made in 
Ihe.forni of a letter to tbe Cbe- 
vaUer Tomassia, an intimate 
frieod of her Majesty, ahd Pre- 
fect of Como, and was in tbe 
-following tefms : — 

** Homit»rJe€heTaHer«-it is 
to }'qvi tb^ I ad((res6 myyelfj Sir, 
^ obiaiq the greatest of Cavoiurs, 
lor which 1 sljall be eternally 
grateful to you. Yesterday 1 
was disnMfiscMil from tha servioe 
of her Royal Highness the Prin- 
cess of Vf ales, for having paid 
my court to the chambermaid 
Aanelie^ This event, which 
gives m^ gr^ot- •ooncetn, iias 
awaken^ in my mind a ramoKse 
which has long^^ated me, and 
with wiiich I felt the |ie€essity 
of MakiKg yda aeqoain ted, that 
yiw «iay interest ymirself lor 
.me, and be the meant of^reator-^ 
tug me to the- service of the 
Princfss. • 

' ''1 most theB aeknowiedge 

tfaatldtserve. my disgrace, ahioe 

- Ihuve suffered ^myself 4obe'ae^ 

diioed 'by It' certain Baron> M. 

%i'OmpVd^, tb betray ^he best' 

vofnikitresses ^^nd the most ge- 

aerouB ofPrinoeiBses. 

' "4t is a year ago, or about a 

-month befofe the departure of 

4he^FriaeeB8, that this Baron was 

QBing ail possible diligeiiee, by! 

means of a • certain Ambrose 

«€esbtf, who wtent to Como, to 

.^ificev^r the pktce where my 

-mislresa slept/ aad to ol^ain fake 

'Iceys. I persisted ,8ome time in 

iny reAtlal; btit at last the 

4ltteat»ef4h0BfuroB, ^o told 

Lot listen to .him« and the mo- 
ney whitjh he olforod me from 
tune to time, succeeded in cor- 
rupting me. and I have been 
weak enough to accept tbis com- 
mission, though persuaded there 
was no foundation for tiie infa- 
mous suspicions of the Bacan. I 
should, biowever, say, with the 
same sincerity, that the fault in 
my cAnduet in this respeet onlj^ 
consists in answering the cjiiea* 
Uans of Ompteda, in coitfomniies 
which 'I had with him, and m 
which 1 was inrterrogated as to 
the situation of the rooms 6f the 
palace, .as well as to the persons 
who often vbit^d<the Princess. 

** This is my coi^ssi^m, Qhe^ 
valier, by- means of whici) my 
lieart has been relieved from a 
bnrden which oppressed it. I 
address mysdf to a mtin already 
respectable by hi« virtueii, and 
who must feel -comBueseratimi 
for fauinan wealmess ; and i beg 
ban to obtMA my pajrdon k6m 
the Princess, and bot lo ab«iSH 
daH'me i» this meUnchdy con* 
JHnotnre^ - 

" Take pi^. Sir, cm a vtreteh 
who, I knowing his faoU, will 
fieek to repair^u by .r^tentanoa^ 
hophig thus to return by y<Mir 
means, ia to the path of Jiotoiiff. 
I put all my trast in yon, Mtfn- 
sieur le Chevalier, 1 am .y4>ttr 
very faamble servant, 

"^Maurice Credi. 

" Comp, November S, ISlC/* 

Her Majesty, tipon the coiri- 
munication of this dethiration, 
of course, felt extremely in^ig* 
naat, and her private secretary, 
Lieut. Hapmrn, seivt a penonial 
eballeng^ tQ ith^ Baron. The 

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Baron, however, with a base 
ness but too much in acoordaooe 
with the character he had as- 
suined, declined the combat, 
«nd' rendered himself still more 
contemptible by. attempting to 
treat the serious^ call which had 
been made upon him, as a man 
of honour, with ridicule— some- 
times proposing to meet his 
brave antagonist in Africa, at 
other tiBies in Asia, and again 
in America. He was at length 
removed from the seat of his 
t>wii degradation by Uie Oover- 
iior, CmiBt Saaran^ to whom 
her Mi^jestv communieated the 
discovery she had made. 

Other persons, equally well 
qualified with the Baron d'Omp- 
teda, were found to succeed 
him, and it was pretty well un- 
denrtood that every motion of 
her Majesty was narrowly 
Wi^ohed, and reported with 
such colouring as best suited 
the interests of the persons 
who were employed. The 
agents of this system of espio- 
nage cared not from what class 
th^ selected their evidence, 
aAd thus thev took the deposi- 
ikms of, had retained in their 
employment, the very dregs of 
society; Boatmen, lacqueys, 
meehaaics, and ik» humblest 
domestics, vrere all received 
with fiivour, and .handsomely 
rewarded for every story they 
had impudence or- ingenuity 
enough to invent 

The ground-work for inquiry 
having beei^ thus laid, and the 
reputation of her Majesty hav- 
ing been by such means as- 
sailed, the Milan commission, 
to which such frequent refe- 
rence has been made, was de- 

termined upon, and Mr. Cook 
and Mr. Powell set out on their 
important investigation, which 
was not confined to occurrences 
in Milan alone, but was ex-* 
tended to every place where 
her Msjesty had resided, and 
in which subordinate instru^ 
ments bad previously been at 



JULVS5, 1814. 

" The Princess of Wales re- 
quests Lord Liverpool to lay be- 
fore the Prince Regent the con- 
tents of this letter. 

'' Actuated by the most ur- 
gent motive—that of restoring 
tranquillity to the Prince Re«> 
gent, as well as to secure the 
peace of mind of which she haa 
been for so many years deprived 
<-^the Princess of Waks, after 
mature reflection, has resolved 
taretum to the Continent Thie 
resolution ought not to suiprise 
the ministers of the Prince Re« 
gent, considering the trooble 
and disagreeable experience of 
the Princess for so long a time ; 
and still more after ue indig* 
nity and mortification to which 
she has been exposed by being 
withheld from receiving h^ 
nearest relations, and the most 
intimate friends of the late Duke 
of Brunswidky her illustrious Ur 

'' The Princess is extremely 
anxieua that the Prince Regent 

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JUIY i^, 1820. 


sboold be infornaed of the mo- 
tives, and clearly comprehend 
her [Mist conduct as politically 
exlnbited. In exacting a justi- 
ficati<>a from this noble nation, 
her sole protection since the un- 
fortunate indisposition of the 
King-,. she is to be understood 
as solidtoufi only to maintain her 
rights and her honour, which 
are dearer to her than life it- 

*'The Princess of Wales would 
have undertaken her projected 
tour long before, if she had not 
been prevented by the breaking 
off tl^ projected marriafi^ of 
the Prinoess Charlotte wiui the 
Prince of Orange. She could 
not resolve to leave her 
daughter without protection, 
at a period so critical. The 
Prince Regent having planned 
to establish the new-married 
couple at the Hague, the Prin- 
cess Charlotte, on that account 
prindpaUy, declined the match. 
Unwilling to prove any obstacle 
tp fiititre arrangement &vour- 
able to the happiness of her 
daughter, the Princess of Wales 
has at len^ resolved to return 
to Brunswick, her native coun- 
try. She may afterwards tra- 
v^l into Itidy and Greece, where 
she may probably be able to se- 
lect an agreeable abode, and 
live % it ibr some yean. The 
Princess latters herself that the 
Friftce. Regent will have no oh- 
j^etion to this design. 

" The Princess of Wales re- 
quests Lord Livtfpool to repre- 
sent to the Prince Regent that 
she reagns Montague-house, 
and the title of the Riuager of 
Qreenwieh Park, in favour of 
h§it daughter, as also the house 

bequeathed to her by hiar mo- 
ther. The Princess of Wales 
hopes the Prince Regent will 
grant this fisivour — ^the last she 
will solicit 

" The Princess embraces thi» 
opportunity to explain the mo^ 
tives which have induced her t9 
decline the grant of 50,000(. 
voted to her by the nation iir 
Parliament. She expresses her 
most lively acknowledgment to 
this liberal and generous nation 
for its willingness to grant her 
such a pension during life f but} 
she has only taken S/^^OMK. be-*- 
cause, as the gift waa intended 
to support her in her proper 
rank, and to enable her to hold 
a court as became the wife of 
the Prince Regent, the receipt 
of it would interfere with her 
views of travelling, and her pur- 
pose to quit En^and for a sea- 
son. Such is the substance of 
her present communication to 
Lord Liverpool, which the Prin- 
cess would have made before, 
but for the fear of producing 
new debates^ .in Parliament* - 
She has therefore waited the 
rising of Parliament, and is now- 
about to depart fdr Worthing, t» 
embark, not intending previous- 
ly to return to Lcmdon. 

'' The Princess of Wides it 
happy to assure Lord Liverpool 
that she will ever be ardently 
solicitous for the prosperity and 
glory of this most generous narv 


'' The Princess of Wales has 
the pleasure to inform, and 
frankly to avow tQ Mr. Whit 

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Royal DocuMENta. 


bread tteit ihe u about to take 
the most important step Id her 
life. 6he has embraced the re- 
solution of quittiog' this coun- 
try ior a time ; and has written 
to Lord Liverpool to immedi- 
ately inform the Prince of her 
intention. The Princess indoses 
a copy of this letter to Mr. Whit- 
bread to inform himself and 
friends of the plan of conduct 
which she has adopted. 

The Princess is so persuaded 
of the welUknown int^rity' of 
Mr. Whitbread and Mr. Brougrh- 
am> that she cannot doubt that 
they would have proposed snek 

^ a. step^ if motives of delicacy 
had not prevented th6m. The 

^ !^rinoes8 is deeply penetrated 
with gratitude ibr the attentions 
wb^h they have shewn her at 
a]{ timesr and on all occasions. 
This kindhito on their part has 
withheld her from "asking their 

\ advice on the present occasion: 
in ^^ry other in^nce she as- 
sures them 1^ has always fol- 
lowed the sug^stions of her 
advisers and friends, and con- 
formed to their superior intel- 

'' Her conscienee tellft her 
that her conduct is worthy of 
her character avid of her sekiti- 
nt^nts, and will alwa^^ 'temain 
so* She has had sufficit^ht lei- 
sure to reflect maturely before 
she adopted h^ present resolu- 
tion. People who know not 
the character of the Princess 
may be disposed' to believe that 
she^ bas b^n induced to adopt 
thia measure in a moment of ill 
hiHnour/ but she takes the Al- 
mighty to witness that she his 
beei^ intending to travel ever 
sincQ.lSQ^A although reasons. 

too long for explanation, biMr# 
prevented her. No person pas^- 
sessed of prkle and (eeling cpuld 
endure to be degraded below 
her rank in this kingdom^ as- 
Princess of Wales, or even, as a 
simple indivkliial, bear to be so 
hated by the Sovereign as to b» 
debarred from his presence both 
in public and in private^ llie 
Princess of Wales knows not 
how to support so much debase- 
ment and mortification. She 
cannot allow herself to be treat- 
ed asaculprit by the Prime and 
his family, when her innocence 
has been acknowledged by mi- 
nisters and by Parliament, after 
an investigation which has done 
away the accusations of tfaitors , 
and enemies. 

" The Pdncess, having ob- 
tained this paUic satnteictien, 
cannot in consdeikce remain a 
burden to her (Hends any longer. 
Bvedts are continually oecnr- 
ring, which oblige her zealons 
and generous advocates to step 
forward in her defence^ and ihh 
devotk>n baa even proved a 
source of disagreement be- 
tween Mr. WMtbread and a 
part of his family. He eannot 
but remiember that the Princess ' 
had been ^le eanse .of this dtf* 
fereneb, and it is vnth a view 
to its removal that die tfe^kes 
the part whith she annottflies. 

'* The Princess of Wales ia 
deeply peiie^ated with the |f«i- 
nerosity of this brave niition^ . 
whkh, after taking- so lively an 
intent in hefr mtsfbrtmes and. 
in h^r suferings, as eruel as. 
tbey are uHjaat, so williifigtjr 
kftbtin her the mealu of living 
peaeeabiyin^ future.- She'hdpes. 
that her gratitude, wbich wflk 

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Jutt ^, ism 


imly etStOB wi^ her existence, 
will be one day renewed Id the 
(rfheess Charlotte, aod that her 
dMtt^iievwiU g%Te proofis of it 
hf Ser -seal for the giory and 
. :)ittp)^es8 of this kmgdom } by 
ii^ftoottng' the rigrhu of her 
people ;^ aad proving* by her 
eovditcty thai, great and power- 
fhi aa aba may be^ ^he will not 
tyratinize over any one merely 
because they have not the good 
fbrttide to please her. 

*' The Priacei|s ofWales would 
probably have not departed so 
soon liad not the marriage' of 
the Princess Charlotte with the 
Prlmee of Orange been broken 
olT af hef own instance. Dear 
as her daugfhter is to her, she 
could not resolve to leave her 
without protection in a sitda- 
tion so critical. The Princess, 
«W9iX^ tiiat the match l^as ar^ 
cfenUy desired by the people, 
wished neither to impiede the 
bq>|»iaes8 of the nation nor that 
of ller daughter: Qn this ac- 
cotet sBe is solicttoos to depart 
at once, for ft is pitiable to see 
a child ri&nd^ivd oh all occa- 
sions 8( sotirte of dispute be- 
tween her parents. The Prin- 
cess of Wales is assured thai in 
fature the Princess Charlotte 
win be mote lia'p'py and i|ran- 
quH^ and she islbd to make this 
Mcdfliiei timt, if sheVremains 
some time. ,loA^(^ tmmarried, 
tifere may be fifewei*' i^bstacles to; 
kcir ilppeairsinoe in t>tiblic. Her 
tA&c, the Prince Regent, may. 
tiittB dk>^ the most stntable of 
1i^ IMi^est' relations to Intro-' 
tfube Bet into society, that she 
tiiij Mfi^ the pleasures be-! 
Mi^ to iitfr age, iind^tteoome; 

acquainted with the character 
of the most di^nguished per- 
sons of the nation, of which ■ 
knowledge slie has hitherto 
been deprived by means which 
I proceed to detail. Tlje Priii*- 
cess Charlotte will the less feei 
tho privation of lier mother^s 
society, as she has been die^ 
prived of it for the last two 
yeare. During- that time Hve ot 
six months in succession have 
passed away without the mother 
being allowed to see her daugh* 
ter. She has even been re- 
vised the consolation of receiT«- 
ing any of her letters, and thus 
her regret at leaving her is les^ 
sened; for; although living in 
the tome capital, they were not 
alfowed to speak, even when 
they met in their airings. Her 
('-'Offhter's coachman was for- 
bidden to fitopf and directed to 
apt as if he knew not the car- 
riage of the Princess of Wales. 
Thus to quit her will be but the ^ 
P^^^rief* of a day, ^^hilst to remain 
is to plant daggers in |he bosom 
of both mother and child.. The 
Princess cannot rest in a situa^ 
iidn so unfortunate for herself, 
and so uneasy to others, and iis 
sure that Mr. Whitbread and his 
friends will be affected by these 
considerations ; that tficir; senti- 
ments wjll accord with her Own, 
and that they will approve of 
her resolution. 

^* The Princess, bt^fore she 
ends this long letter, is solici- 
tous to explaui to het ad vise rat 
the most urgent reason for her 
quitting England^ aud to ^Tiow 
them that delicacy has obllgred 
her to put herself under t ho pro- 
tection of this great aud ^^enc- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



roiii nation, hairinf no other re- 
Iqge since the , indisposition of 
the Kingp* 

'^ That which renders her si- 
laation still more embarrassing^ 
is, that this generous nation has 
shown more devotion towards 
herself than to its ruler, who 
ought to be the blessing and 
glory of his people. The Prin- 
cess hopes Uiat, when she has 
quitted England, the Prince Re- 
gent will make public his con- 
viction that her conduct and cha- 
Iracter hare not merited re- 
proadi; and thereby regain that 
popularity which is due to him 
on the part of this noble nation. 

" The Princess cannot end 
this letter without assuring BCr. 
Whitbread and his ftiends of the 
mialterable sentiments of lively 
gratitude and perfect esteem* 
that can end only with her life/' 

AUCUIT, 1814. 

*' Mr. Whitbread assures her 
Royal Highness the Princess of 
Wales, that he has not been at 
all surprised at the resolution 
with which she has been pleased 
to acquaint him ; it cannot but 
give him much pain to think 
that he will not be able to en 
joy the amiable society of the 
Princess for some time. In her 
absence his utmost zeal shall be 
exerted for her future happi 
ness; and his unalterable at- 
tachment shall be evinced by 
his efforts to promote the well 
being of the Princess Charlotte, 
the integrity of whose character 
would of itself suffice to com- 

mand his esteem and venera- 
tion. . 

'Mn concluding this letter, 
Mr. Whitbread only wishes t# 
reiterate his sentiments of de*- 
votion to her Royal Highness, 
and of zeal for her re-esuhjhshi- 
ment in all the rights of the en- 
pire over which she is 6ne day 
to reign. " S. WHiTMtBan.V 

letter op LORD UVERPOO^ TO THV- 
88tH op JULY, 1814, 

'' Lord Liverpool has had the 
honour to receive the letter of 
her Royal Highness. Having 
communicated it to the Prince 
Regent, he has ordered him to 
inform her Royal Highness that 
he can have no objection to the 
hitentions of her Royal High- 
ness to effect the dib^gn which 
she announces to the Prince Ror 
gent, of returning to her native 
country, to visit her brother, the 
Duke of Brunswick, assuring fau^r 
that the Prince Regent wiU 
never throw any obstacle in the 
way of her present or Aiture iur 
tentions as to the place where 
she may vrish to reside. 

*'The Prince Regent leaves 
her Royal Highness at liberty te 
exercise her own discretion as 
to her abode in this country or 
on the continent, as it may be 
convenient to her. 

'< Lord Liverpool is also com- 
manded, on the part of th^ 
Prince Reeent, to inform her 
Royal Highness, that he wiU 
not throw any obstacles in <tfae 
way of the arrangements of her 
Royal Highness, whatever thqy 
may be, respectio^ the .-Housf 

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JtfLT %2, 1996. 


It BtedchMth, which belong 
to the late Duchess of Brunswick^ 
or the rest of the private pro 
perty of her Royal Highness ; 
bat that, for reasons rather too 
lomg to explain, the Prince Re- 
gent will not pennit the Prin« 
cess Charlotte to be Ranger of 
Oreenwieh-park, nor to occapy 
any of the houses at Blaekheath 
whidi her Royal Highness has 
hitherto occopied. 

Lord Liverpool has also been 
enjoined, on the part of the 
Prince Regent, before he closes 
the letter whioh he has the ho 
Bov to send to her Royal High- 
ness, to tell her, in relation to 
the two articles which her Royal 
Highness has put in her letter 
concerning the rapture of the 
marriage of the Princess Char- 
lotte with the hereditary Prince 
of Orange, as well as to the 
reason for which the allied Sove- 
reigns did not, previoqslv to 
their departure from Bnffland, 
pay their Tint to her Rojral 
Highness, that, as to the first 
article. Lord Liverpool is com- 
manded by the Prince Regent 
to inform her Royal Highness, 
that ihe Prince Kegent is not 
persuaded that the private con- 
flderations of the circumstances 
in which the Princess is placed 
can have been an obstacle to 
the marriage of the Princess 
Charlotte. As to the second 
articte. Lord Liverpool is also 
eojoioed, on the part of the 
Pnnee Regent, to signify to her 
Royal Highness, that the Prince 
Regent never opposed himself 
to- the allied Sovereigns making 
a Tisit to her Royal Highness 
during their stay in London. 

" Lordiaverpool has the ho- 
nour to be with all esteem and 
the highest consideration. 

" P. S.— The Prince Regent 
can make no difficulties on the 
subject of the directions which 
the Princess has the intentton 
of giving as to the hinise at 
Blaekheath; neither wiU the 
Prince Regent oppose her Royal 
Highness's retaining the apart- 
ments in the palace of Kensing- 
ton, in the same manner as she 
possessed them while in Lon- 
don, for the convenience of her- 
self and suite." 

By the KINO. 


For MUouniag thm Solemnity of tftv 
Coronation of his M%}etty. 


Wherets by our royml proclsomtiott, 
bearinf dste the Oth dmv of May last, 
we did (amongst other things) pahlish 
and dedare our royal intenjon to cele- 
brate the solemnity of onr royal coro- 
nation upon Tuesday the Ist day of 
August next, at our palace at West- 
minster; and whereas, for dirers 
weighty reasons tts thereunto moTing, 
we have thought fit to a^ioum the said 
iolemniw until our royaf will and plea^ 
sure shall be further signified thereon, 
we do by this our royal proclamation 
giro notice thereof; and we do hereby 
ftirther signify to all our loving su^ 
jeets whom it may concern, tnat all 
persons, of what quality or rank so- 
erer tbey be, who either upon oar 
letters to them directed, or hv reason 
of their oflkes or tenures, or omerwise, 
are to do any service at the time of 
sudi coronation, are discharged ttom 
their attendance cm Tuesday the 1st 
day of Aagust next. 

Qiven at our Court at Catlton-house, 
this Ifith dav of July, 1880, and in the 
(irst year of our reign. 


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ROTAL' DdCT!itB*Tlr. 


to ptova M. Olive Serrcfr to be 
the legitimate daagiiterof Henry 
Frederick, tb»la«e Dtjke of C^m- 

Gborgb K.— Whereaft it is our royal 
command that the birth of Olite; the 
Duke of €urtberiaVids daugmef , Ib ttot 
to be Made known to the nation daring 
our reiffor tat from a sense of reli- 
irious duty, wo will that she be ac- 
knowledged by tbe Royal Famffy after 
omt death, 8ho«ld rfie survire our- 
seWes, In wtnrp for confidential ser- 
▼icei rendered oursclvqa by Dr. Wil- 
mot in the year 1780. 

Dated Kew Palace, May 2, 177S. 
Witness, CHAtBAM. 

This is to certify that the marriage 
of the Duke of Cwmberland and Olive 
Wilmot was duly solemnized accord- 
ing to the established lawa of the 
Church of England, by myself, 


Man* 4; 17«7. 

Present at the martiage of the kbove 
Barii«it Brookb, 

J» Addke. 

This is to. certify that Olive, the 
only child of the above parlies, was 
born April 3, 1773. ^ „^ 

*^ J. Wf LMOT, 



London, March 4, ISK^. 
I solemnly declare Mrs. OHve8erres 

Tootfid the late Dr. JattM^ Wivdf mti 
myself from disclosuig Mrs. Olivia 
Wibnot Sorres's birth during the. 
•Ring's life. . WAirwitK. 

Grepn-streel, April 2, ISlfr. 

I solemnly proiil*e**y proteeibh 
to my oDWtiii, Otfria S^rreii should the 
Earl of Warwick depafi this life be^.- 
fore the King, 

ED?nrARD' Waitwick. 

June 9, 1S15. 

^ London, May 5, 1777. 
Memohanduk.— That Kord Chat- 
ham hereby promisei bi«* «ul«re bro- 
tedion to Olive, the infapt daugmer 
of the Duke of Cu»berlaxid, tind Olive, 
his- wife; and also undertaJuss to .see 
paid to the said OHve 3d0#. yearly^ 
.until n snilabltfr protiaio»' is settled 
upon her, in coasiderallin'of my pr©- 
raising to obeervc a sacred, secrecy as 
to her birth during the King's life. . 
J. Wivuor, Chatham. 

MBMOiiA!TinTT»*.— That the Bari of 
Warwick hereby iwjkiio*ledge« h^tlDg^ 
reoeivad from his Royal Highness the 
Duke of Cumberland tlie sum of 2000/. 
on account of Olive his datighten which 
snm the Eari of Warwiek hoWB him- 
.self answeraWe fot to myself .-^-WTfr. 
nesfi the si^liatiire of his Lordship, 
J. AVilmot, Warwick. 

OtirK WfLMOT, 

Too only child of H. F.Diike of" 

Cutfiberiand, by Olive Wilmot, his 

lawfui wife, begotten on her body 

1771 ; born April 2, 1772. but bap- 



f consider H jnst to stale, that the 
marriage of the Dnke of Cwnberiand 
and 0»We Wihno* waa solemnized in 
«iv ^esenee by bans; Warwick. 

London, May », 1815; 

I consider H pfoper that I should 
declare, that a, swjred obagaUoa pfo- 

' T noifimniv aeciare wirs. vFnYcr?oii«ri» ■.•>, m^«... ..j^.^-, -- — --- , 
to be h^Sghter of the I.te Duke of tte^J by her two OhrHriHn n.»*8 ob y. 

to ensure privacy, as the supposed in- 
fant of ray brother Eobort. 


' December I, 1819. 
At my return from Devonshire, ( 
solemnly promise to acquaint tbe Re- 
gent with the birjh of Mrs. Olivi* 
Serres. WBytkmp. 

Printed by W. Benbow, 269, Strand.— Price 
Siipenca Halfpenny in the Connlry. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Vol. S7.— No. 3.] LONDON, SATURDAY, Jvt.v99, 1830. [Priced 


TO ' . .. 


On^e Tvealment qfkis Rihfaji 
Canaort ; with a Preface, 
iakmg a View of the R^votu^ 
Jtiqnarff Pro^pmtaoftheCtm^ 

At last tbe tim^ are ^jtow- 
11^ so seripm^ as to ttialce even 
power begin py think. It is. my. 
intention to acldress your Ma- 
jpstj on* the subject of the treat-, 
menl of your Royal (kmsort. 
But, before I do that^ leime be- 
seedi your ^tentioil to some 
ob^rvatiom oit tti^ rtn^okoion' 
€try frotpedte &h the CoiOinent, 
leaving yoQ to judge of the 
iim^ and manner,, wl|en and 
how that which isnpw taking 
place abroad may affect your 
Jtfiyesty and your domi^iions. 

** How vain f" ^m^ qii« >vill 

enj^taqii. -^ How aijly ! to .^up- 
<^ fose tbal-lAe. Km^ yf}U ever 
'f'py^n see, ,mucb les6 attend to, 
" what you are writing 1" True, 
if 1^ were a sealed packet, eent 
through SipMOi;!T9. ?ttj^ it . is 
not; aad^ it yji^ never, seci^t, 
iudf a miUiofi. of people m^. 
It is posMibtff 400^ that .ypu 
may seo i^ i and> in that case, 
the circufmtance of its beiiig ad- 
dresaeof to yourseJf/ may, per- 
haps, i^^uoe you to.,be^towi a 
]h^f a xninift^'s attention upon 
it lyiore than ypu Qt|ierwise 
wodd have 4onei | . 

:Tb*t Kiflg^.janfi|Bvon punis- 
ter^, 'ii) a g(>i»erninep^ lik^ours, 
very seklom beftr my m$^uI 
tr%Uh, until , too Iqif, is pceUy 
certain. . Th^re , is a very i^uffi^ 
cient reason for tiiis ia th^-tm- 
mediate rniere^ . bt^ a|L tjiose 
yvli0 rar|Oui^d jhevn^ an^ w^oee 
chief object is to raise tt^eu* 
selves injric^ ^n^ in tfs^^ an 
object whjch; w» to be. att^;i^ 
only by the favour of the powc^- 
iul> which favojor was nevei;yet 
secured by the relating of dis- 
a^reeabile trv^. -Your Majesty 

Printed and PuMbh^d ^y W. BenboW, 209, Strand. 

•Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To THE King. 


may lie an exceptioo; but 
kings and ministers generally, 
say to* their underlings, as the 
Isi^elites are reported^ to hav« 
said to their prophets ; " pro- 
phet to Qs Bmooth things : pro- 
phecy to ns Ke«/' 

Those underlings seem to 
have constantly before them 
the example of GH Bias, when 
confidant oC the Coimt-Duke of 
Olivares. " When/' says he, 
*' I plsh^iTed that the minister 
'^ likpd to bear what the people 
*i thought and said of hhn, I 
*' went out myself in the 6ven- 
" ings, and mixed in conversa- 
♦' tion with the people.. When 
'* they talked about the govern- 
*' ment, I listened with great 
'' attention ; and when I heard 
•' any thing worthy of being re- 
'^ |>eated to his Excellence, I 
-'* took care to let him know it 
'' But, it must be observed, thai 
" / neber rep&rted any thing 
" that wa$ not faviyufrahle to 
" Win." 

This is the grand secret of 
rising hi court! There needs 
nothing more. No knowledge : 
no talent: no industry: sim- 
ply to flatter, and to flatter^ 
in Uis particular manner, is 
all. that is required. And, in 
past ages, k\ngs and ministers 
went on yery well with this.. 

But, in this age, it will not do* 
There must now be truth at the 
tables of rulers ; or their sway 
cannot last long. 

In addressing your Majesty^ 
upon the present occasion, 1 
may appeal to past addresses 
with some degree of tonfldence. 
In 1812, I took great pains to 
dissuade you from suflenng your 
ministers (though supported by 
both ftictions) to plunge us iifto 
a War with the American States. 
I theii, before the war began, 
clearly pointed out the impossi- 
bility of its succeeding ; and i 
as clearly showed, that the war 
must be attended with enormous 
pecuniary loss, and with deep 
disgrace to our fleets and arfnies. 
That war was, however, begun 
and per^vered in. It cost this 
nation seventy millions of mo- 
ney ; and, in its result as well 
as in its progress, it affixed such 
disgrace upon our arms, by sea 
as well as by land, as those 
arms had never before sustained ; 
besides absolutely crediting a 
navy to brave us upoii the , 
ocean^ in every part of thp 
world. Nevertheless, all those 
of us, who were not content to 
live and die slaves, were com- 
pelled to pray for such a result ! 
For, if that war had succeeded : 
if that last resort of freedom 

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JVLY 20^ 18a(K 


iiod' been destroyed, \vhathop« 
coukthave^remaiiied to the then 
oppressed millioas of EUirppe ! 
it wa3 truly md, at that tinie^ 
by Q^ advocates of that war^ 
that, while the example of Aftie^ 
riea remained, there was no 
sa/et^^ Tor what Castlereagh 
called the. Socui. System. It 
does remain^ The glorious 
example lives. Ajid there is 
no sctfety for Cast|eresi^h's Sys^ 

Id other letters, addressed to 
your IVI^csty soou afterwards^ I 
peioted out the delusiveness of 
those hopest which had beea 
founded oa ihe/alt of Napoleon ; 
and, when your grand Nego- 
ciator,^ Castle^eagh, camehonie 
from the Cotttinent> flushed with 
success^. 1 observed, thai he and 
hU ass(^ciates ofAHi&tria and 
Prussia and Russia had really 
** over-reached thcptselve^ : that 
" their policy, even according* 
" to their own viewsj and wislios, 
" was the fooUskest that couW 
" be ipagined ; that, having a 
•*^ desire to put a fipal stop to 
" revolutroDs, they ought, by 
" all means, to have left N^po- 
" leon on the throne of France : 
" that he was a pi^otecior of 
^ ki»^^ : that he was beloved 
'*: and admired by the most 
^ powerful natiot) on the Con- 

'Minent: that his vanity and 
'* ambition were a safe gijaran- 
tee against his over attempt- 
ing any thing, for the freedom 
"; of mankind : that his lame j 
" that his personal' character 
" and his deeds, threw a splen- 
". dour round his throne, ' aiid 
" made his people in love willi, 
" or, at least, uoi. ashamed of, 
" their, chains. Whereas, to 
" place the Old Bourbons 
" and their Old Noblesse, in 
" France . and in Naples aijd 
" Spaui, would be sure to lead 
" to neia rcvolutionft ; it be- 
" ing impossible that the 
" people of these countries, 
V after having such men as 
" Napoleon at their head, 
" could ever submit patiently to 
*' the Old Bourbon sway: and 
" tliat, therefore, new revolu- 
'' tions would break out ,• and 
*' that, too, withouX resisUince ; 
** seeing, that our government, 
" from its bcggarQcl st(UQ,iWo\\\d 
'' be wholly unable to enter on 
" anotlier crusade against frpe- 
^' dom ; and' that, though the' 
" boroughmongers wit^hi curse, 
" they might, like Shimef, . 
" * eurae on ,-' -for, that they 
*' would be able to do notlwng 
'* to prevent the second seitcs^ 
** of revolutions from being 
** crowned witlh success." 


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To TRc King. 


TUi waif Sir, addressed to 
yoiv not very dUtant from the 
Ay, when the grand Negocia* 
; tor, that " MtaiesmanMke" Cas* 
' tlereagh, was received in the 
House of Commons with olap- 
ping of hands ! I have not for-* 
gotten the empty boasts; the 
' At onee empty and malignant 
language of that day. I had a 
reliance on the />e6^; and> that 
alone woold now be sufficient ; 
but, the new series is begun 
.from without ; all the schemes 
of the Holy Alliance are blown 
into air, or, at least, they shortly 
will be ; Ihe time and manner of 
the dose being a matter of en- 
riosity rather than of interest, 
The Boroughmongers do curse, 
I warrant them. But, they con* 
fine their curses vnihin their 
ieelhlhistime. Oh! that Burke 
were still alive ! I dare say he 
would still bellow away. Bat 
for this once, his bellowing 
would be unavailing. " Repre- 
senkUive Government*' is the 
order of the day ; and it will 
prevail in spite of all that can 
be done to prevent its spread 
and its establishment. 

It will be useless for me to 
endeavour to tiim your Majesty's 
attention to* the influence, which 
ihe glorious revolutions of Spain 
and Naples misty have in other 

parts of the World : fbr, if that 
influence be not alreqdy a sub- 
ject of your constant meditation, 
nothing that I can say wiH be 
of any zytil with yc^ or your 
advisisrs. Nevertheless, 1 can-» 
not refram from just stating the 
case' of the Radicals to your 
Majesty, If you do not deign 
to read it, or, reading it, do not 
deign to pay attention to it, the. 
fault win not be^mine. 

The word Radical has, by 
Corruption's press, been made 
use of to poiht out men, who 
ought not only to be held in 
abhorrence and to be punished 
with the utmost severity ; but 
who ought to be considered a& 
out of ihe protection of the law ; 
as being upon a footing with 
mad dogs, or icild beasts, ta 
destroy whom, no matter in 
what vniy, is a Uxudable od/ 
Thus, this press (includmg that 
of the IFAfgt,. the base Whigs !) 
give accounts of men taken up 
and commttt^ Xo jail, on a 
charge of Radicalism ^ ofothera 
being apprehended on suspicion, 
of Radicalism ; of others being 
shot or scabred as Radicals ! 

Who would not imagine, 
then, that Radical and Traitor 
meaiit the same thing! The 
fact is, however, that the Radi- 
cals ask fof nothing that is not 

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ivtn ^^, \s^. 


strictly according* to the laws 
Mid constitution of their coun- 
try* They are injured and op- 
pressed men^ who ^ for iegcd 
redress. The laws of England 
say, that no man shall he Uu^ed 
without his oum consent'; that 
no man shall be bound by lawa, 
io whidk he, bj/ hisrepresentch 
Itue, does not give his assent. 
It is notoiious, that oompara- 
ti?ely rery few of as have li^ 
berty to Tote for representa- 
tives ; and we wish to have that 
liberty. The law strictly forbids 
peers to interfere in elections. 
The law strictly fbrbids the ^d- 
Ung of seats. We wiah the law 
to be strictly observed. An^l, 
are we traitors for this?- Shall 
Ve beOttt-lawed for this wish ? 
Shall wd bo killed, or banish^« 
beeflMe we wish for such a Re- 
forM as would insure the dme 
sxeaUiof^ of the tawst 

A Radical is a man wJio 
dnnks, that 1^ ought not to be 
taxed without bis own consent ; 
who thidin that he ought to be 
amannbVt to no law to which 
he has net^ by himself or his 
iepi^0enti^ti v;ergwen ^is assent 
wh(^ k<Mn?7% that he ^ves a largie 
pari of Im tamings in taxes, 
that he ia HiMe to ^ forced to^ 
take op arsM and venture bis 

and who thinks, therefore, that 
he is entitle to a vote in the 
choosing of those who make . 
the laws ; who thinks that the 
Duko of Richmond's Bill, giving . 
a vote to every man, including 
soldiers wdA sailors, was a just 
and wise proposition; who 
wishes for a Reform upon tb^ 
principles of that Bill ; and who 
has never proposed to trench 
upon any on^ of the privilegea 
of the peers or prerogaljives of. 
the king. This id a Radical! 
And yet, this man is spoken of. 
as a monster! And we arp 
ooolly told; that such and such 
have been sent to jail on a 
charge of Radicalism ! 

Your Mi^ty may be assuiedr 
that these things; that what wof 
have been beholding and feeling 
for three years tuid a bftlf last 
past; that the Dungeon Bill, 
Sidmouth's Circular, thelmpri-^ 
sonments under the Dvngeoii' 
Bill, the Manchester' aAdr^ the 
Oldham Inquest^ the Six Acts/ 
and nufnercrus other things, will 
nev^ be rooted out of oui^ 
mindi. And, if your Majesty^ 
bad wise ministei^^ they would^ 
with aU possible dispatch, ad- 
vise you to adopt such measures? 
of conciliation as Would tend to^ 
I remove the stings of recollect 

bfe. isi defomee pf the oountryj tion. Your Msjesty do net, }^ow 

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To THE King. 


cannot, know wliJit' is pnssing 
in'the mmds oT your people. If 
you knew only a fiftieth part of 
it, tt must produce a change ; 
liot of your ministers' for the 
selfish and stupid old Wlii^s ; 
that is not what I mean ; but- 
a change fai the mode of treat- 
ing" the great mass of the peo- 
ple ; and, above all things, 
a chanj^e in the mode of choos- 
ijrtg: the Members of the House 
' This is the -grand and ev^^ 
present object. All other objects 
are inddentah To be sure the 
ca«ex)f her Majesty, the Queen, 
kgrdatinitself. It *takes fast 
hold of every heart. When we 
trace her Majesty throug^h her 
unparalleled persecntions, we/for 
a moment, forget our own suf- 
ferings and wrings. But, still, 
th^ Men in Dungeons return 
sooHs to our recollection ; nor do 
we ovenrlOok th^ dreadfHd cfre- 
paratums n<yw going -on. When 
1 look al these things, 1 really 
am wonder-stricken, that there 
can be found men, who appear 

of danger as to the cries of 
humanity ! - 

In order to avoid coming too 
close, IS there any one, 4n bis 
senses, who thinks, that France 
can remain for a year without la 
Second Revolvtionl Such a 
thing is the most likely in the 
world. It is a thing that ap- 
pears in£vitable^ Th^ effect of 
that revolution I dafe not de- 
scribe. But its bare probahiliiy 
is enough to suggest measures 
in the w^ of preparc^on. A 
man, in whose brea&t r-evenge is 
boiling, must *- wish' for no such 
measures. He must wish to se* 
the elements of destruction go 
on ' collecting themselves to- 
»*ether; augmenting theirtnuM ;. 
and remaining undiminished to 
the day of explosion. 

The state of your Jfajesty's 
dominions is such as to inMire 
a great jchange of some sort or 
other. Things cannot go on in 
the present way. To produce 
a change there needfr^nd itnct- 
dent The regular undbViating 
progress is towards % gt«at 

to suppose, that all this Ij^, at vchange, and that ohang* tiiust 
last, to blow over like a summer Joclude a ^efipam of the Horu^ 
cloud ! who appear to suppose, of Cofi%n(on$. ' ^ then;4%n pro^ 
tiiat human passions as well as^gress'be acoelei^^ -by^ ihei^ 
hunsan reason are ^ yieM to.dintat evetitsy^wbetheicwiiboat 
their initerest and humour ! And 'of within, vliat MadD6|^ is it 
iHio f^e as d?af to tl)e warnings not to an^pate events, and ta 

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July 29, 1820. 


prevent, by tfanely c9nciliation, 
the effects of the triumpl^ of the 
iDJored ! 

Kmongsi these incidental 
evenis is that which now agi- 
tates the country, and .which 
has been rendered formidablp by 
predispoidog* caUses. Her Ma 
jesty, the Queen, baa been ac- 
cused of making common eau^e 
"with the Radicals, than which 
nothing' can in itself be more 
ridiculous. For, amongst tlie 
imputed sins of the Radicals, that 
of wishing to degrade Royalty 
has always been one. U is lu- 
dicrous enough, therefore, now 
to accuse them of the crime of 
thinking, that the Queen ought 
not to be degraded. Biit, the 
&ct is, that the Queen's cause. 
naturally allies itself with that 
of the Radicals. They are 
tomplainantSf and so is the 
Queen. They have had and 
have their jdnngeonings ; and 
the Queen has her prosecution. 
They are threatened, and her 
Majesty has been threatened. 
They have had their petitions 
rejected, so has the Queen hcr's. 
The Queen has demanded open 
trial, so did they wlien 3cnt to 
dungeons by Sidmouth. They 
have -had spies set upon them, 
and the Queen lias ^had spies 
set upon her. Green Bags and 

Secret Committees were their 
lot, these, too, ha^e been tho 
lot of her Majesty. Corruption's > 
press applauds the chopping of 
them down by the swords of 
Yeomanry, and the same press 
calls ibr the Queen being made 
a martyr even if she be no 
criminal. That press represents 
the Radicals as beings to be 
kicked and thumped, and it ex* 
hibils the Queen as worthy of 
Bridewell and the whip I 
* Besides ;all these circum&tan- 
«£es of similarity, those who ap- 
pear as the prosecutors of the 
Queen, have also been the pro-, 
secutors of the Radicals ; and, 
which i9 the great thing of all, 
it is as clear as day-light, that 
the Boroughniongers to a man,, 
are fnemies of the Queen. Their 
motives for enmity to her aro 
plain enough. Canning ex- 
plaii^ed that matter, when ha 
described her Miyesty's gra* 
cious, affable, unaffected and 
vnnmng manners and deport^ 
mint! The Borougbmongers 
know wen what are the feel- 
ings which their haughtiness^ 
insolence and cruelty have 
created. They know, that they 
are, and always will be, detest- 
ed and abhorred ; or, at least, . 
that^ if the detestation and ab- 
horrence cease, contempt must 

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To TftB Kino. 


supply the place of them. These 
things they know well; and, 
therefore, they cannot endure 
the thought of seeing popular 
Royalty. Canning says, th6t 
he advised the Queen to quit the 
country, because he saw, that 
'^faction had marked her 09 its 
'*oum"! That is to say, he 
saw, that the cities of London 
and Westminster, upon the de- 
velopement of the persecutions 
against her, and, upon the pub- 
lication of proofs of her tnno- 
cenee, had presented affection^ 
ate addresses to herl Was 
there ever before such a reason 
given for advising a person to 
quH a country ! What a dis- 
position must this man have 
had? '/Paction"! What does 
he meata by facliont Faction 
is a combination of men, whose 
object it is to thwart, for their 
own selfish jpurpose,'the regular 
powers of the state. What 
/action, then, had the Queen 
any thing to do with ? 

But, what he really meant, 
was, that he saw, that the 
Queen was calculated to become 
popular f and, that was then 
sden'hy the Eoroughmmgers, 
and it is also aeen by them now. 
Accordingly they have taken 
oodf care not to go near her 
Mqjesty; and also to forbid 

their understrappers to gi near 
her. They thought, that, by 
thus acting, ^hey should disgust 
the Queen %vith the country; 
that they should terrify her' 
also ; that they should frown 
her away ; and that they should 
thus get rici ctf this cause of 
fear. But, her Majesty has, this 
time, got into society with truth' 
and honesty and real wisdom- 
She has appe^W to the hearts 
of the people ; and she h%» 
found safety. The Borough- 
mongers are ready to gnaw 
their hands off. Their lawyer 
has been counteracted by her 
Majesty's discernment and re- 
solution. All the budget of 
tricks have failed. All the sar- 
casms cast, upon the '^ absolute 
wisdom** that brought her Ma- 
jesty to London by day-light, 
have beed turned into jests oi\ 
the wise men who put forth 
those sarcasms. 

The Queen, may it please 
your Majesty, has now had an ^ 
opportunity of knowing what 
the people really are. I would 
to God, that your Majesty eould 
be as well and truly and ho- 
nestly advised, in this case, as 
your Royal Consort bias been f 
What might we not then ex- 
pect from your excellent under- 
standing and your naturally mild 

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JttLY ,«9; 1820. 


<iKi geilercms disposition! Her 
Majesty liow knows what Bo- 
roQghmongers r^{y eire. What 
interestar they have ; VfhAi it is 
that mitkes them hate all popu- 
lar Royalty; tvhy they hate 
her; axid why they want her 
fairhf out q^ the country, and 
with all conteniem speed I Her 
Majesty knows by this time what 
is meailt by the Word Radical ; 
why the Boronghmongers hate 
the Radicals; lyhy ^orongh- 
mongers love to be Borobgh- 
Aiongers ; and, knowing all 
these things, her Majesty has, 
I dare say, been able to trace 
out, with great accuracy, all the 
motives of the. Honourable and 
Learned Member for Wiiukd- 
fea, of which WiiiekeUea and 
all its Independent electors her 
Majesty has, I dare say, become 
acquainted with the real liis- 

This is truly useful knOw- 
tedge! It is " under the dr- 
" cumstances of her Majesty's 
" position,'' to use a Protocol- 
phrase, worth all other kinds of 
knowledge put together. It 
efiahles her Majesty to know 
mho is who ; to know how far 
she ean place reliance ; to know 
what are the motives of men ; 
to know What she has to expect 
from them; to see the springs 

^faction; to see how men are 
held, houtid, turned, twisted, 
and ittanaged. It will enable' 
her Majesty to acc6unt, in a- 
most satisfieictory manner, for 
many things that must otherwise 
appear tvholly mysterious. It 
will serve fae^ Majesty itt a sort 
of secand'sight. It will give 
h^r a view of the strings, pegs, 
wires, and ftpringes; and will 
enable her, at last, to escape 
being caught. 

There is one thing, which has 
shocked the whole nation ; and 
I am sure, that your Majesty has 
participated in the filling; name- 
ly, that neither House of Paclia^ 
ment should have produced, or, 
rather, brought forward, one 
single man to volunteer his ta- 
lents in defence of the Queen f 
Doctor Lushington's conduct 
has beeti manly and able ; Ge- 
neral Ferguson, Mr . Creevey, 
and Sir Francis Burdett, have 
spoken boldly: but, surely, it' 
was a case to call forth some 
one gallant man .to go to her 
Majesty, to offer his services to 
her, to assist her with his coun- 
sels, and to devote his whole 
time and all his talents and 
energy to her cause. But; 
really, Sir, in this huckstering, 
stock^jobbing age, the love of 
fame seems to have been obli- 

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To TlIf(.KlN6. 


tenit^d Crom f he human heart ! 
I'here are youTigj men ; officers 

' of the army; officers of the 
n^t^y ,' a»d not one, even of 
the^e, has stepped forward ! In 
sjich meo^ aad in such a case,^ 
even indiscretion and^ temerity 
are rig^ht, and the wrant of t^m 
almost a crime. Miserable in- 
deed is that state of society 
\t'hen, in such a case, men are un- 
der the sway of cold calculation ! 
If this appeared shocking to 
the people, it has, doubtless, not 

• been overlooked by her Majes- 
ty ; and, when turnin«: her eyes 
towards the people, she has seen 
such ardent zeal and such disin- 
terested exertions in her cause ; 
so much warmth of affection to- 
wards herself, and so much in- 
dignatron against her enemies : 
when her Majesty has had this 

" compani^on pressed upon her ; 
and has seep, withal, so much 

' and such superiority of talent 
range itself voluntarily on her 
. side " out of doors,** is it any 
wonder that her Majesty, with 
. that frankne^, sincerity' and 
courage that bclopgs io her 
character, should have openly 
avowed her reliance upon the 
people ? 

Let those, therefore, whocom- 
plain, that her Majesty relieg on 
the people, ask themselves the 

cau$e ; and, if they find that 
cause in. their own conduct, lat 
tbem no longer complain bfiiny 
body bat themselvea. Tbfit 
coi^duct, however,, will, at la$(» 
have been found to be fortunate 
for her Majesty.. For, if a yacht 
had been sent to meet her at 
Calais ; if a Palace had been 
provided for her reception; if 
she had been received with mili- 
tary honours ; and if a suitable 
proportion of Boroughmongera 
had visited her: if this had been 
the plan adopted, her Majesty's 
security would not have been 
what it is at this moment It 
was impossible for the nation 
to behold the treatment of the 
Queen without feeling for her ; 
and, when it found, that rank 
and wealth keep aloof, it invo* 
luntarily stepped forward. Some 
of the first reports gave her 
Countess Fitswilliam for a visi- 
tor ; and, it was observed, that 
Countess Fitzwilliam, or some 
one for her, contradicted this ,• 
than which a grosser insult 
never was offered to any human 
being. These circumstances, 
trifling as they were in them- 
selves, went very far in deciding 
the nation : and, when it saw» 
that the sole object was to drive 
her ^iqjesty from England, its ' 
mind became unalterably fixed. 

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Jew 29, 1820. 


' It is for tbd interest of your 
Afajesty and of us all, thai this 
matter should be terminated 
jfcstiy and tmnquilly; and my 
opinion is, that, even now, the 
saiiestand best cmirse to pursue 
would be to pnt her Majesty in 
foil and entire and quiet posses- 
sion of all her rights. My rea- 
sons for bejiie\ing: this are found- 
ed on ' that state' of the public 
mind and the state of the conn- 
try'. And I do most sincerely 
l!!elieve, that jf your Majesty 
were truly informed of what is 
thouo^ht, what is said, and what 
U expected, we should soon be 
relieved from all further agita- 
tion on this melancholy sul^ect. 
There is, in the biire facta of 
her Majesty's history, enough 
deeply to interest a peofile of 
much less sensibility tlian the 
people o€ this kingdom are well 
known to be. A deficiency in 
politeness has, and with sotne 
shew of justice, been ascribed 
to us. We have been called 
rude and firrogant ; but what- 
ever 6tt)er faults we may have, 
a want of humanity, a wttnt of 
kindness, a yrant of the warm 
est afTection, certainly do ^ not 
belong t<i the inhabitants of this 
island, or of any part of the 
kingdom; and, of all the people 
in the whole world, none so de- 

cidedly and so instantaneously 
take part with the weak against 
the strong, with the oppressed . 
against the oppressor. . The/aar« 
of the funding and borough qrs* 
terns have gone far in hardening 
the hearts of tho^e who depend 
thereon, and have induced thenn 
to give their tacit coesent, fit 
least, to acts, which, formerly, 
would have excited universal 
horror ; but, in a case lik^ that ' 
of her Majesty, where these 
fears have no weight, the native 
character breaks forth in all its i 
hunoanity and aH its justice : — ^ 
and, therefor^^ tbose were but 
poor philosophers, who thought 
that, because Green Bags had 
been so successful against the 
Uadicals, they must also be suc- 
cessful against the Queen. 

Her Majesty became an ob« 
ject of compassion with the 
people almost from the moment 
^f her marriage. A great sacri- 
fice had been made, and cheer- 
fully made, to render her mar- 
riage happy. ,When, therefore* 
she, with her infant daughter, 
had to quit her home, and that, 
too, without any misconduct on 
her part, without even any o/- 
ledg^ misconduct, tlie nation 
felt most deeply for her as for an 
inured wife, and it also com- 
plained, on its own part, that 

"Digitized byC^OOglC 


Ta TKK, KfMO. 


its veasonaUe expectations had 
been diiappointed. ' 

The people well knew the 
caosefe of the separation ; and, 
in whatever way they viewed 
the ^tt^, the Queen was still 
the injured party. It wai clear 
that she was treated in a way» 
that even the law did iiot allow 
.of; and^ while sach pains were 
taken to inculcate amongst the 
people the obligations of the 
marriage tie, it shocked every 
one, that so little was thought 
about example. ISurely inclinor 
Hon ought not to have been too 
etrong for all other considera- 
tions in a case like this! But, 
without impuUng blame . any 
where, it is certain, that the na- 
tion, firom this time forward re- 
garded her Majesty as an tn- 
Jured wife, who had a well 
known legal right to live toiih 
her husband. 

There is nothing surer than 
injury to beget friends* in a case 
like this. Mankind have the 
justice to bear in mind what 
enormous sacrifices every wo- 
man makes in giving herself up 
to ti husband, an^ how littieshe 
receives in return. Indeed, it is 
agreed by common consent, that 
she is to enjoy by influence 
something to balance against 
the hUSband'«r authnrity ; knd, 

if this Were tiot really to take 
place, the lot of a wife would 
be worse than that of a negro 
slave. The law is all on the 
side of the husband ; and this is 
one reason, and' a very good 
reason too, that every body is, 
in all disputes between man and 
wife* on the side of the latter, 
until it be elearljf proved that 
she is in the wrong, 
' Women, though almost slaves , 
by law, have, in this country « 
(and, thank God, they have) a 
great deal of influence. Not 
corrupt influence, but legiti- 
mate, wholesome, enlivening, 
and enobling influence. They 
are, too, a M^/er&ood. They re- 
sent every afllront offered to 
them as a ekx. Hen are so* 
many detadied individualSr But. 
women are a body corporate. 
Touch one and you touch the 
whole. Coquettes, iirtio hate 
each other aa rrvals, will defend 
each other as women. Every 
husband should bear this in 
mind, it is one of the indiveet 
checks upon his husbandish au^ 
thority; and woe be to thu 
man that sets it at defiance.— « 
The whole weight of this cor- 
poration was thrown into the 
Queen's scale, tiie misment she 
quitted Carleton House without 
any^ offence even alledg^ 

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against b^.' And, the whok of 
tins immeDte weight sl^ has 
had on her iiAe from thfU dajf 

to 0^9. 

This feci, of such vast im- 
portance in the eue, yonr Ma- 
jesty'4 nuBiaterSy who are, I be- 
lieve, all married men, ooght 
to have well considered, before 
they filled their Green Bag^s. If, 
upon this occasion, their ii^ipe^ 
bad been eonsoked, the raea- 
sares wonld, I imagine, have 
been very diilerent fiom what 
thej have been. Had I been a 
rainister, I shonlcl hsive made a 
hasty retreat, the moment it 
was detemnned on to leave 
the Queen^s name out of the Li- 
ttt^gjf* I should have been sure 
that all the women Woi^ld be 
displeased; that they would 
make tlM cause Aeir oum ; and 
that, in Uie end, they would, 
by one means or another, make 
me repent of iny sliare of the 
measure. If your Majesty, could 
have seen, as 1 did,, a group of 
women, the other day, standing 
at the comet of Westminster 
Bridge,' with one, as spokes- 
woman, saying to the rest: — 
" Why^ui it not onx oumQueen ; 
" and, shall we net have her 
" crowned f" If yoor Majesty 
could have ^en this group, and 

nhfirrvfd ths df tf rauttf>t< itfprrt purmf mine^es^hadbeen thel 

<»f the parties, I am inclined to 
think, that we should hear no 
more of die cause of agitation. 

The strong feeling fslvourable 
toward8tfaeQueen,which existed 
from tbe moment of the si^para- 
tion, was never weakened by 
the tales of 1806 and 1807; The 
K^omenyWholiadal ways supposed 
that she had been calumniated 
previous to the separation, either 
regarded tbe tales . as arising 
from new eafaimnies^ or, wokst 
come to worst, apologined for 
her beforehand, upon the ground 
of her being neglected, ill-used, 
and Abandoned; biit,wbidiwas 
her great protection, the late 
king showed hetlUs eounknance. 
all the while« And, when the 
real /ncto came fully out in 
1813, they were filled with in- 
dignation. They had supp>o£ed, 
that lies enough had been in- 
vented ; but, when they found, 
that the wife of the heir ap- 
parent, and the mother of her 
whom all the young people 
hoped to see Queen of England ; 
when they found this wife and 
moUier had been accused, on 
oath, of having been pnegnant, 
of having had a 8on, and of 
hMing ruckled him f whentbey 
found, that all this mtks fake ; 
and, moreover, that the pet- 

Digitized by CiOOglC 


Tcr THB^ KoiG. 


tertd froth puntf Affitn/ ; wben 
tfaey found this^ their feeling In 
favoor of the iojufed and ioaiilted 
Princess met with an equal in 
their detestation of her base 
and execrab^e^ accosers, whom 
they hare never 4brgpotte» or 
fbrgiTen to the present hour. 
But, '' there iwi# a ekild,'^ 
satd^'the vile caliinHmtors, loath 
to let loose their hold. '' There 
was a Aild ; and^ it vraS very 
strange, thiit the " Princess 
should take the chtid of a poor 
jnan, and breed it up." This 
argraes great p^rverseness ; most 
malignant widcedness ^ or pro- 
found ignorant of the charao- 
tcrs of womeni There are some 
women, whose very nature im- 
pels them to fondness fbv babies; 
who actually aire miserable, till 
they arriA'e at a certain age^uniess 
' they have little children about 
them, and even to be nursing 
and dandling. Every-man knows 
tills ; but, the proof of it ^ay 
be fbund ia the records of the 
F6undlipg Hospital, where liUle 
babies "are put out 'to be kept 
for a time by poor men's wives, 
and where it will be found, that 
hundreds of the children have 
been kept and brought up by 
the p<K>r people as tkeir own 
chil(trcn mdaf fheir i)wn ex- 
f€nc€, rftther t^fi let them be 

takeurfrofn them. I. myself have 
known three instanoes of this 
kmd. And, indeed, it is.notori- 
oua, that there^are many, wom^n 
80 fond of little duldren* .that 
nothing^ean rtstraift tl^ir d^ire 
to Tiave: them in th^ir arms oi; 
about their persons^ la. tfajd 
course of a day we see s^res 
ef women in thepublip walks 
qtiitting their companions to go 
-up to- a baby ia^ vn»», thou^ 
never seen before>.t<^-GhiTrup to 
it and caresa it. Nothing isr a 
greater treat io a company pf 
women than^ to^ ^^i , rooncL » 
baby and talk about it, and ta 
ii, though it be not a month okl. 
The fondnesft . of women ff>T 
young -children is perfectly. a 
passion ; it makes, a part, of 
their nature ; and :a very ami^ 
ahU part of it too. In proper-* 
tion, a(so, as this passion exists 
in them, they are kind-hearted^ 
ardent in all their feeliags, 
generous Idid brave. /. Unfortu- 
nate is tlie man, who doea not 
knowhowto prize this endearing- 
propensity jn woman ; wid# of 
all the amiable and excellent 
things that I have he^d of Jier 
Miyesty, the Qu^eo, . notiiin^ 
does, in my^eyes, do her more 
honour ^bau this, very tiifit^ 
w)iich her enemies have made 
use of for the purposes of caiutn-- 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


JCLY ^0, IWO. 


The pccoKarity of her Majes- 
ty's then sHaatiod rendered the 
tddng' of tUsliftle boy the 
nMre nattiraT. She was a yonn; 
woinah ; a young wife without 
a husband. Her only child was 
upon the' point of being* taken 
from her, if hot then actually 
^ne. "What more Vational, 
what more benevolent occupa- 
tion, than to take a poor man's 
child, to bestow oo him a 
mother's cares, and to rear him 
up to manhood ! Wl|iat more in* 
offensive and what more ' con- 
soling, in her. situation, than ^he 
hope that she was raising up 
one being, at least, that would 
be gfrateHil to her through life ? 
Greatly to her honour, the taunts 
of the wretched villains, who 
have been hired to catumniate 
'ke^ Majesty, ha\e not iioduced 
her to abandon this child, now 
become a nrian ; and all that we 
have td hope is, that he may, 
both in cohdnct and endow* 
menti, be worthy of the care 
and kindness that have been be- 
stowed npon hini; and, above 
aB things, that he may be a con- 
sohttion to, and^ if necessary, 
be ready to lay dbwh his life 
for ber to Whom he has, though 
innocently, been the cause of so 
mueh persecution. , 
The s«bse<)ueiiC tcoatment qf 

her Majesty^ in her exclusionr 
from Court atidln a ptohibition . 
to vbit or to see her daughter, 
was extremely well calculated 
to add to the public feeling in 
her favour. All the circum- 
stances considered, there would 
have beep sufficient apology for 
attachments, which are not al- 
lowable under other circum- 
stances. There were many per- 
sons who thought, that, if the 
charges against her hi^d been- 
trn(B, she rendered he»elf Hable 
to no very great degree of cen- 
sure. An injured wife niaV be 
permitted to do many thinjgrs 
not to be tolerated in a wife 
that has received no Injury,, 
For her Majesty to have piped 
away her time ; for her to haVe 
sitten moping like a forlorn crea- 
ture worthy of rejection, would, 
in my opinion, have greatly low- 
ered her in claim to public re- 
gard. Like a woman of spirit 
and of merit, she sn)itained her 
chcerfiilncss and gaiety ; and, if 
she had gone a step further the 
opinion of. the world would 
have beeny that she had still a 
title to be judged of with the 
greatest indulgence. Speaking 
for myself, upon this subject, i 
can see no reason why a woman 
of thirty ^is to lockup her heart, 
to know nothing mere of tho:»e 



To TH« King. 


, fe^Qgs which are a oonpensa- 

tioa /or the numerous ills of life ; 

to become a piece of wocfd or of 

.marble* merely because ahus- 

, band's capricious inclination has 
rejected' her. The wife pro- 

- mises fidielity ;. but the husband 
promises all sorts of goodness 

. towvds her ; i^ the common 
sense of mimkind rejects, with 
scorn, the idea, that the cour 
tract is to be binding on one 

^de only. Those Holy Scrip- 
tures, on a charge of having 
spoken irreverently of which, 
so m^y Englishmen are now 
wasting away their bodies in 
dungeons; those Holy Scrip- 
tures tell us, that we are not to 
put away our wives for any 
cause, safl)e that of adultery ; 

, and they add, that he who put- 
teth away hb wife without this 
provocation, coic^e^ her to com^ 
mit fornication. So that, if her 
Majesty really had had a son, as 
was alleged, the fault, according 
to these Holy Scriptures, would. 
Hot have been that of her Ma- 
jesty. Hard, indeed, would be 
the lot of woman, if to all the 
other hardships and privations 
which the law compels her to 
submit to,' if the husband chuse 
to ejcercise them, they were also 
to be bound to abandon their 
very nature as Scales, the mO' 

ment the hnsb^uMjl chose to de- 
cline an intercourse with them. 
For jpy part, I ca^inot ciqnoeive 
how such.a thought eyeir foymd 
its way into the mind of m^ ; 
and, thank God, there are vetry. 
few men, injto whose minds the 
thought ever did find its ifray. 

Ninety-nine hirndtedths of the 
nation, and, indeed, of the whple 
of mankind, entertain fi sim^r 
way of thinking upon this sub- 
ject ; and/ therefore, if her Bf a- 
jesty .really bad been justly 
charged, m 1806, no very ba^sh 
sentence would have been pass- 
ed upon her by the fhh^ic ; and 
though they might have been 
silent upon the .subject of her 
exclusion from court i^nd fr^m 
intercourse, with her only child,' 
they would have thought such 
treatment a great deal too |e» 
vere, and especicdiy when they 
recollected, and had so fully in 
their minds the causes which 
had produced her calamity. 
What then mu^t they necessi- 
ty haye thought, when the 
charges were proved to have 
been groundlese ; when the in- 
formers were opeidy, aoViH>>w- 
ledged to have beenpe^ur^d^ 
and when the circumstances, 
out of which the allegations l^ad 
arisen were shewn tp ^. si^ch 
as to do her the greatest l^qnour * 

, Digitized b/VjOOQlC 


JOLY 29, 1820;, 


When ber Alajesty l^ft Eng- 
land %o travel on tb« Cdntinent^ 
Bhe left behind her the compas- 
sion and the warmest good 
wishes of the nation. She left 
behind her also very different 
flings towards those who had 
been the advisers of the treat- 
•nent which she had ex|>erienced. 
The death of her child during 
ber absence ; the circumstances 
of that death ; every thing 
tended to keep alive the feelings 
which existed at her Majesty's 
^partuFe/ JNo wonder, then^ 
that the,people in London; while 
the heralds were proclaiming 
year Majesty King ; no won- 
der that their voices drowned 
the noise of the trumpets with 
^e cry of " God bless the 
^* Queen V No wonder, that, 
^t that very moment they 
crowded robnd Mr. Aldebj^an 
Wood, And besought him, ,with 
an earnestness not to be describ- 
-ed, to promise to protect the 
Queen ! No wonder that, when 
they heard of her heroic conduct 
at St Omers, and when they 
saw her throw herself upon 
their protection, they iihould 
feel a resolution tb defend her 
by all the lawful means in their 
power i While her Majesty was 
entering London, with her de- 
plorable an4 dust-covered equi- 

pi^; at that very moment 
Oastlercagu Jia4 laid the 
•Green Bags tipon the Table, and 
was cool(y pro^eediqg to |wpo- 
pose a vote of thaaks to ypur 
Majesty ; and at that very mo- 
menty a about from the t6p of 
Westminster Bridge ; a shout of 
" God^saveihe Quefi^^told the 
assembly what the iiatioa 
thought -^tU> contents ofthosa 

Every eccurrence from that- 
day to thi^ W teAded to. 
strengthen and confirm what 
the nation then thought. Evi- 
dence conveyed in sealed bags. 
Secret Committees to examine 
that evidence and report upqa 
it, while the Queeqa prayed foi; 
open trial. A refusal tafurnish 
ber with the names of. the wit-» 
nesses to be brought against 
her. A refusal to give her the 
names of the places where tfae{ 
alleged acts had he^a commit* 
ted; and, a suspension of the 
opening ef the trial for &vi^ , 
weeks, while a document duutg* 
ing her with the foulest offences 
was promulgated throughout 
the world. Treated in eveiy. 
respect as criminal, and not per- 
mitted to take any one step ta 
prote her innocence. All thes^ 
things the people have well ob- 
served ; ftnd, above all thingi|^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




iShey feffVe 6fesirved ihe insolent 
it'^Ahikni of Ae Borougli- 
te6Agpfeirs towards B^r Majesty. 

*ttie press, thtit I)art of it, I 
A'feii/ 'which is, ttpon ill occa- 
sloiifi, pftoslng^the tornirtef$, has 
i&a4f^d the 'ii'afecm with a de- 
^6e Af blttetndss* and fbulness, 
^l^<jh, "if eiWptp;j^ed-ag«idst the 
-Wte 'if kny rioro6^hih6iig'er, 
irdttW tiVi^ btoa^ dowti wp- 
on the oflfender, a puoishtnent 
yivd^ short ef dinrfh. Atd 
Aiesd airociotrs oKfericefe hive 
been c?oV»init<ed ^'\th ^reWfect 
fAipHinilly. Biit^r aiiiiWigst all 
the hiiiiainfs;''n6iie 'has M^ 
66t<ir cileiilafe'd to ^itixitfe dls- 
^kt • ate itkc^llrn^r thin ttre 
Mdnit of ^ the Mefekbers f6r 

Watcf s oftJn* addrtss' tb' hfer'lVf a- 
j^ty flrort jk grt*iffat toWft iilf'^at 
kimtity. I'fe'efxba^e 6f"bne of 
ihc^s0'ttTettfb6ts 'vtas, thath Wrontd 
Be 'iii£(ykvyii)iki 4o Yfita to wait 
ii^hn Tiinr Majbsty. ' His Ottn 
irtfJSrs'tbok Kim aiicrther \iray! 
'fim "^'C'oriiitMtin phlitr;' as 
his teacher, Burkk^ callefd hhn, 
irad sorK6thing'%lse to tfo t Aird, 
iis in the other, he reg^t-ded the 
a^e^ as ptefttdg^ng the (jfoes- 
flifr,f(ytffettinfg', apparently, that 
^ tiiti of Ptiins and^Penalties, 
^wlticrh caHsthe Qdeen'an arfiil- 
tftess, and ithlchdivwces her 

from her hasband, had been* 
promulgated without the Queen 
having been suffered 'U> <>ffer a 
word in her defence. 

Upon all these things the^ 
public have remarked ; a^ the 
result has been a decided con- 
viction which nothing riow will 
be able to shake- Castie- 
RE'AtiH noW alleges that the 
Queen's cause is m&de a handto* 
of, by thoB^ Ufho wish' for a re^, 
volution! If this were true, it 
would be wise \n him to give 
Way at once, arirflet the revo- 
hition quietly take place; for, 
even excisemen, cuStoni-Hoilse 
ofli'cers, Clefrks in oflfice, andntbor 
hitmei'ons ][>ersons who are paid 
6ut of the public money, and to^ 
name Whom, in a> manner more 
particular, would be somethings 
mO're than unnecessary: all these 
arc' for the Qti6e!n ; sa that, if 
the Queen's friends are Revolu^ 
iionists, the thing is as gdod a!)i 

But, Sir, ibis is hot true. The 
Queen's cause is by no means- 
connected with* any hostlFity to 
the Throne, or to any part of' 
the CqnslitHtional Bsltiblash-^ 
fUents, It is connected with a 
desire to see measures adopted 
that would give stabih^ty to the 
Throne and to those establish^ 
ments:'and the attempt tomake^- 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 


JuLy^O, 1820. 


It be befieved ihat those who 
object to this course of proceed- 
ing agtunst the Qweeja, are ene- 
mies of the Throne, is much 
about upon a level with the as- 
serlion that, to uphold the 
Throne, we must approve of 
the selling' of seats in t^e Par- 

This is, however, an old, 
stale, disgusting- trick. If we 
complain that sixty, eighty or 
hinely^ thousand a-year, is voted, 
as money for secret services, we 
are, at once, accused of want- 
ing a revolution. If wo coni- 

plain that a hundred thousand 

. . 4'; J ■ ■ ■ ■ ' 1. - •> 

a-year is given out of the taxes 

io a clergy, who already receive 
Vien^ part of the produce of 
tfie'/pairth, many of whom have 
two livings, and Preside upon 
neither, and the dignitaries of 
which church have, many of 
ihein, palaces ^o reside in, and 
incohies allowed to theni far 
greater than those allowe4 to 
your Royal Brothers ; if we com- 
plain that, in addition to all 
this, a hundred thousand . a- 
year is taken out of the fruits of 
. our labour to be given to the 
piembers of this church, our 
. complaint can be accounted for 
in no other way than by assert* 
iDg that we want a revelation ! 
lf> iiow that the Bouirbons are 

restored, we complain that more: 
thaa fifty thousand pounds a- 
year are taken from us to be 
given to the French, and other 
foreign' emigrant3> and that^ 
too,, at a time when documenta 
are beiore Parliament, to show 
that, in" whole districts, our 
own people are starving, and 
while We are actually pajing 
other taxes to ship off half starv- 
ing creatures to dwell on the 
sands of the Cape of Good Hope j 
if, under these , circumstances 
we complain of thes^ enor- 
mous benevolences to French 
and other emigrants, nfe are 
charged with wanting a revolu^ 
tion 1 If we complain . thai 
peAsron3- have been settled on 
forei^rners, in direct breach of 
that very law which placed 
your Majest);'s family on thfr 
Throng, we ar^^silenoed by being 
told that w^e want a reyolutionj 
In short, we 'can complain of 
nothing; we can pray for no- 
thing; we must subscribe to 
every thing ; we inust be as si* 
lent as the grave, or we most 
crawl like spaniels, or, we are 
chained with wanting a revo?. 
lution! ' 

If, however, there are dan- 
gers of revolution^ whom has 
your Majes^ to thank but tbra 
very Castlereach and his 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




'coll^ignes ? Those men who 
have plttnged the country in ir- 
mie^niable debt ; who have 
teh((ere^ the coutitry the most 
^ItsttesSed that eVer was kiiown 
in the wotld : who have strip t 
it of all its &ir and legitimate 
means of maintaining its honour 
among nations; who have di- 
vided its people, shalfen aU cen- 
iL^ence, and destroyed the very 
hope of gradual and peaceable 
return to prosperity. If revo- 
lution be dreaded, tvho has 
jour Majesty to blame bat the 
men iivho, to all the other causes 
of danger that they had brought 
upon us, have now added this 
Hew object of agitation, of 
alarm, and of peril ? 

Let thiem, therefore, hold 
their peace about xevolutions ; 
and not seek to throw the bur- 
den of responsibility from their 
own shoulders to those of men 
who have always deprecated 
and protested ag-ainst the mea- 
'5ure3 that have brought them 
ihto their present situation. 
"Who, but themselves, kept the 
Queen's name from the Liturgy? 
Who, but themselves, caused 
the Qu^eh to be insulted at St. 
Omers ? It was they who sent 
a deputation to kiss her hand 
one day, and who brought in a 
Bill of Pains and Penalties 

against her the next, tt is they, 
and their supporters and abet*- 
tors, who, even now, carry 
on that which is agitating the 
country ; and, therefore, if they 
see danger of revolution, let 
them take the merit of it exclu- 
sively to themselves. 

However, let wTiat will be- 
come of them, your Majesty a^nd 
your people ought to love One 
another. This is what ouglit to 
be, and this is what would be^ 
at all times, were it not for the 
advice of wicked and iirtereste<i 
men, wlio are constantly endea- 
vouring to make the King be- 
lieve that 'hatred of them ut 
haired of htm ; and this is what 
I had the honour of fuHy ex- 
plaining to your Majesty, dur- 
ing the *MSi year. The contrary 
of this is so true and so evideht, 
that one wonders how any Sove- 
reign can be imposed upon by 
such an artifice. But, if proof 
had been wanted that' hatred of 
ministers, even to the highest 
degree, can exist without any 
hatred to the King, what strik- 
ing proof has been furnished 
within the last three months; 
The five men whose heads were 
severed from their bodies for 
having designed and prepared 
to killyourmini^ters, repelled^ 
with indignation^ the charge of 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


July 29, 1820. 

.^jiUty.. Fife bolder and 
bfmyer,mea neVer exuted in tbii 
world, ^y^iaced deatVwi 
' A calivaeff that neVj&jf wag »nr- 
, ^a^. .^They Jo^Ufi^'tl^ir^h^ 
teotionj but they scorae'd the 
«ppelUation of traitor, 'dneof 
them said, with t^ie certainty of 
death before his eyes ; that, so 
\ far from hariiig' harboured aiij^ 
evil intention towards the^Kin^^'', 
the had alifi^ays been a loyal 
man, and had never even iuf- 
fered any one to 9]^eak disrc- 
epept/ulijf of the King ipi his pre- 
sence. Another of them, when 
be was mounting; t^e sci^jOTold, 
used the gla^ of wine that was 
offered him to drink the King's 
health, and to vnsh him a havpti 

tf^ anibn^st any description 
of persqiis,' revolutionists' were 
to be foui^d, they might certainly 
. be looked for am^hji^t men like 
these ; ^et, pven amongst those 
men, who .harboi^red the mo^sl 
deadly designs* /against ^ your 
ininifte^,* we find unshaken 
loyalty towards yqureefc ! Arid 
this'is the feeiing of the whqle 

i^atiOfv^ f The people have no 

1 \> ■} V ; V • • ^- . y^^ 
9«6igns, j^hich jM-e ii^consi^stept 

with the exercise of your' l\fai- 

And all the endeavours which 
are made to ip^uce your Ma- 
jesty to ascribe the discon^nu 
of your people , to a wap^^ of 
loyalty towards yourielf^ and to 
& desire to overthrow yonr fa- 
may and ^hronep ore a ^jurei,?- 
ventiDn fof thq purpose of dye- 
ing" your ears against the jjiat 
corriplainti of your people, and 
for securing and perpetuating 
tlie ill-gotten influence oT voir 
own and j QUr people's etiemiei. 
To what this course, whi^h 
has been so long pursued > may 
tinaliy lead, it h impossible fpr 
any one to say ; but, this we all 
l(uow, that whatever evi^^nay 
happen to the Throne and Royal 
family of this kingdom* if, con- 
trary to all our wishes^ lucl^ e^^l 
should arise, no part of them 
will be ascribable to any body 
except those councillors, under 
whose advice lieform hsMS be^n 
refused, aiid her Majesty the 
Queen ha^ been so cruelly p^^- 

With all the sentiments that 
become an Englishman who 
understands his own ri^-^hl^ and 

his duty towards his SoVerelgn, 
1 am your Majesty's faithful aj|d 

1 t 4* ' V I ' ^ ' T*. i yt'ur iMajesiy s laiiuiul ^^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



*^Ti gcntlcmaii, m his paper 
of ^arfday, has applauded the 
* Lord Mayar of London *fcr p«U* 
log down what Mr. PtiiRTr ealls 
^ mfmnous mid tnflftmmnforp 
^' Plaeardw.** One of these Pla* 
cknls contained an extract, iiitrf 
nothing else, from Mr. pEHHY't 
©i^?m j>ciper i Ai to its be trig- i^* 
'fammi9, the accusation is foolish. 
il might bo calculated to tn- 
'^jfanit } hnit that >ftas its merit' 
'We wfrjte »nd speak, sonieliaie£ 
\o infornfl, and some times to in- 
flame ; sometimes for "both to- 
'feetliiK Seldom have the \vrit- 
U'gi tof Mr, pEuny a tondeney 
^o' produce either or these cf- 
Y^ti ; and he ou^ht, it sVems to 
ifie, to be fffeatly obliged to the 
person \Tho has taken the trou- 
W» to eclect and give currency 
"^fci one of the very few articies 

writing wortliy 
of the pnblic attention. The 
truth is, that Mr, Pilrrt, if he 
has any ^ood dispesition, h kept 
,iji, check by th0 <?ld hang-4og^ 
^etiOK to wborai his taiiity binds 
lilm. They do not know what 
to he at ; and he 3s acting' & sort 
of oon-deseript pari, nndoingf 
to-morrow what lie doci to-day* 
The Edinburgh Reviewers art 
nmcli at>out in the same s^tate 

NEwiirAFERti lot • 

^K ' 'til:'*'. "«,»'' ^ ' *V''*l^**^ 

Thev ftaTc bo \onfr heen lookins^ 
for rfac€ In vaia, that tbw na* 
tnml ftoifrncas is turned ipto a 
specie! of t^ry ; and their Tory Is' 
not tlw leas op aeconnl of t&ir 
percening that tHrnnig the mi- 
nlttcrs out will not put inem in. 
The possibflity of seeing that 
horde quartered upon us has, 
until of late, been a coiUtanf 
dread with me for more than- 
fifteen ycat3, CAaTLEMAGif 
and his set have pretty well 
draiued the pockeli of the na- 
tion ; ilicy have aweated u» 
down to a reasonable bulk i but 
if t|iese Edmburg-h Rci^fiWcra 
had been permitted to fall.iip<?if ' 
ns, they would not have Jeft u» 
the akin to corver our wretched 
bones.— However, thank .Cod, 

there is no fcar of the on now f 

■ ^ ' ' "• ■ ' ■ ■ I "J ^'' 'I 'V 

These am timet when ^w^ 

lumber makes httle shift. They 

arc too dull for the evc?iit» that • 

are passing. Read one bf Incir 

Reviews and it brings to, Voiar 

mind tlie ration of a cart-norse 

alpng" a race conrse. — A» to llje 

Lord Mayor of London pnlliog 

down Placards, he knows lii* 

business best, but whether lie 

he friend or foe to the Mtti« nc 

D!^itses, he may take mjr w'ordi 

for it that he is doin^ that cause 

a great deal of good : fTcry^ cjne 

h eager to see, or to know ife^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

JVi?pS»3( I82i)^ 


tonUmtaor^ t^wMsb>^>.ifeUoo... Tta^y if ere ill just; lO^ 
ttfioqs ti^'^kfiop pat; p( big Ji<^. 

bM lifjfpmei^.Xo hi$ broker of 

•OR, per^i^p0» ^-a>Jiflliehisrba9T 
lifi^ lA Ailate to l^..?ffisb^. 

Tfb Wofld^f . th»t thik {«per 
Ins excitod Ae'iMecmr.6C ^r» 
sont wh61k *l neett iicyt name. 
Bs coflNfuot^iftth fegaitl \o the 
iftose. T>f the Ikneeh 4mie been 
hKMt ItlitfaMB. Tnith,.encr^, 
tregaaee) 2yi>iSij,1iave heie:bten 
empio)^^ wfCh n^degiee of fear- 
kstness rA&A the cdme de^ 
Biaiids^ and If the^r ate woith 
the Editof^ acceptance, 1. heg 
Kai to aecej^t bt my best thanks 
1^ the^irG«ltd^li(^l which *t)ie 
aHiei«i' alh^dM tcv^baa^g^iyen . me. 
lam i^PNir^ 'tft^Itnay be iraid 
that mid&rff usi^d his pen 
upon thii oeeaiion^ 84 nkti^h 
the better. ^ U hi not in sneh 
a c^ tiAM^eneM^AU i«' jus- 
tice ; ^tA' tni^rabte, indeedj 
wotitd b^ the let df man,werd 
he ii6t'anbM*edH<>take jnst!ce 
when placed' ^*)thiil hU- reach: 
I concur in every one df his sen- 
timents^ uttered uppn-thid occa- 

HfeU<^i;(g)(e9^ .Thq[ dul incfjuf^ 
J{4n^ttr. to. the 4vpter» imf tlpf 
pnMipliip|;:.ef iheai^aa ne4iieai^> 
oympliiiieQi tOF^ ceaden* 

^ 1 1 I I ^M I I M J I ■ I ■ ' ) $ * 

Mr. wif^iktn PMnsR». ' 
Here a]8o the caus^ hn^ been^ 
ablj sustained. ThaauthoP Kai 
hot suffered hihi8el( to-be warped ^ 
in his 4)olUiot* nor has |ie nc*^ 
^tec^ted theniv Ue has talcen ufr- 
the cause pf the Queon uppa tlie 
same^prinaf^e thai )ie has maiiH* 
taibed» with se^nueh abili^, the 
cause of the. people v' a&d^ in-' 
deed> how can a man, ^;ith'the 
means in his haiidSi and with' a 
heart in ^is bod^, refrain front 
^spde^jBg .that^eause.f : 

TM& Eveam^ B^ner has de*^, 
vdted a considerable part of Ha 
<:<)htmtt8 to the can^e of tihe 
Qneen. Exc^ll^ftt^ ra^isomn;;' 
j^at abi^Tty all :throti^, an4- 
a cempH^th- reffnler- of the 4fa- 
tnniDi^s of the Cotiw^r, ^^ 
Mornings Rwt^ awl tbe-Nlij^ 
TtiMs, l: have not seen Jhe 
other eveBi% papers ; but h 
havchcardthaital; ^except "the 
Courier, act an honest part. ThrfV 
l^avclfer istarcful in coUcctil^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


The London' NkwgpAPSitf . 


lh« addresses to the Queen tnd 
tier laswers ; Ml u eftreriri ts 
Mr. YlniRY is tiegUgetit; attd, 
with the exception of the Ttme« 
newipaper, the Qoeen's caukeis, 
perhaps, most indebted io the 
TraveUev. The mth js, liow- 
^▼er^ that the press wquM q^ry 
on it narks of eyerlastioi^ in- 
funj if it wfire not to et ponso 
this canse. It is perfl^tly on- 
natoral not to do it. Not to 
espouse this cause, beings able to 
do it^ a man most be bad in his 
tery dispositioi). There is no 
foom lor balancing^ The man 
HbaA call balance here must have 
^ said onto oorrqption, thou art 
my .lather. '^ The time will 
eome, and that sliortly, when 
every writer, who shall have 
taten the other side, will be re- 
.garded as a Monster; and he 
BMist. either get the fact dis- 
guisedj or, . with ruffians, li^e 
Sdwards, contrive te disguise 
jhipself. There will always be 
spmebody to . excuse men (or 
WAnt of principle andlj^elifig; ig 
eiies that admijt of <^ubt ; J^ 
thi^'case is so^ dew, it. if ao 
obvious to ^ rery eye ; rtbe wickr 
^ness of taki|ig a wt9ng. coasse 
isi^ft^diaboBcalajnature, |hat 
theofleoder cannot possibly, es- 
cape- execri^ion. , Tjiero is no 
merit in espousing the cause of 

the^oeen. A man must believe 
hins^f not to be a man. Me 
must not only hate lost all the 
feelings connected with the con- 
sciousness of bemg, or of wishing 
to be, a husband 4 he must not 
only know nothing about the 
Ibelhigs of brother for sister, or 
Ikther iot a daughter. He must 
believe himself not to have had 
a mother before be can be de« 
stiittte of feeling for the oause 
of her Mijest^.^What those 
monsters are» who have made 
use oC the press aganUt .. her 
Mi^ty, I will give a ^sqrt of 
specimen in the history^ .of two 
of them; and 1 beg my, r^ers . 
to mark well ,the facta } am 
going to state. — One. of these 
wxitecs fumed his w\fe otU ef 
doar^; allowed her a miserable 
pittance to exist on for several 
years, while he lived in splenr 
dp^ with another wpman. The 
poo/ wife died W ^^l *^^ ^ 
separation, and the ruffian now 
lives ^wjth that other woman. — 
^he other jdid not turn his wi(e 
out, <)f doors ; but compelled 
^er. Xq, go o^t herself, or wit«> 
nessa^ intejrcpursp of >l nature 
tOQ^ foul to. he^ described bet 
tw^go hin^..^p4 ^ relation of 
her own, «^n iptercpurW fotr 
bidden by the. laws of con-r 
sanguinity,^ well as by the 

Digitized by'VjOOQlC 


Jvi\ W, l8^. 


marria^a tiey>y consdence mid 
by honour.-^uch is a specimen 
of thofle ^ho h%ve made use. of 
the press against her Mi^ty 
t(ie Queen; and my 6pmioa is, 
that, if the trath conljd be come 
at, wc should find that her Ma- 
jesty has very .few active ^ne- 
mies who are not of this odious 
and' detestable descriptiom— 
There appears, to be i/uiate 
er%eU$ absolutely necessary, to 
induce a man to take up hia.pen 
against her Majesty. All cruel- 
ty b odious, even towards dumb 
ammals;, but cruelty towards H 
woman/ and 6ne that has never 
offended Ui> too, must' spring 
from a heart that is hard, un^ 
fbeting and fer6cious in its very 

LneUIy thete are tefy few 
persons of this description- in 
any country ; and it trbuid be 
strange, indeed, if they were 
numerous in this: However, 1; 
for my part, am for ransacking 
the history of these rdkiBans; I 
am not for sittisring them to go 
dressed up in the charattet of 
geniiemen to call for the more 
^laahalf murdering^ of Mr/Md 
Hrs. Carlile upon the'ground of 
theirpabliihing thin^ injiffious 
to morality and religion. lam 
for stripping the mask froim 
ihem» that '.they may be knoyv 

and deteste^.— It will be juse* 
fuU in all parts tf the ooimtry, 
to sift well into the history of 
^tVQi^ who take part against th« 
Quicon ;^jn order that we may 
haire tbe^iusto^.at hand to be 
used fi;ir the benefit of truth an4 
oC. justice. 

Men like those Chat I bAve 
jitst mentioned are strSenuo^dy 
rec0hiiiaeBlnig fkrH^er rmtrie>' 
iiona wponk tiie -pte^^! • ^Aad 
what would that do: without k ' 
Bourbon ceosetsbip ^ Aliil wdii^ 
would the Bourbon cenkoAriNp 
do? Just Dothmgiat all*** K 
could not r^tavd eveata one 
single moment. NayimyopidtoA 
is^ it wou^ :accelerate them. 
However, that it could do no 
gpod to those who talk of it, I 
am vei^ certain ;. and, therefore, 
they wi)l do well to hirfd their 
tongues; for, by speaki^g^ they 
only show the greatness of their 
ta^e,,^<^.^ts. impotence ^ the 
same ^mji. j - ^ . . - 

"j iif 9*1* " " ^' J" 


' Oner Wi4y tJf itUeki^g' hef 
Majesty is that bf putting'^iorlh 
jimbtications,' 0^ if they came 
from iitrself or lier friehdi ; 
as if they were fyublUhed S^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^ItevdttCTiON %S 'SAfv:wm. 


Unnko'riiij.. A tttng-tyf thw sort, 

itidde^at^d, tiyi^ay of puif,ti9 
fff<; AtD^Atc WiK>D>afe made 
j(bi appearance'. Thi^ is a maia 
bt U Wh^oiJs, V!0*nU^ fraJm a 
.a<Hit«« akt^h as «wail fth^ck the 
4Miblic when it aball be^inWined 
-of thatiouree. 

• l^Areii «>reptfdDg:<^r^pQbll 
^caAtofim iiHle«aanMi0l, widernfae 

SMt^m'mg ;iiUa, miMk, M it 
Aq^,. «M9 be ^ f «aat «M to 

^^oneBlil. Yin^todeavotir will bQ 
AAda 4o 'bnof^iw /wiMie .'Mo a 
^iompf^a 4»f ;<iaeiafaBet^fypfl£per, 
^fid Jto aell Hnii tte.jpoUo^oT 


• cf^«rs, th<rtving •thfelr thles, 
tbetr ikmHy irafnbs, 'tWif of* 

'VetnMkU, 'idiio4ar«ft, :pei^^ns; 

^l^faiita/idid «<her ^otdttMeotB, 
%vkicb they hold "liniH 'enjdy 
l i y layot if ^-^tiie K i ng 4 a nd 

tnitsions, prtfermentjif ^ine^ 
«iires, p«mian,s, grant!, and 
other amoliiraeuts which arfe 
held ind enjayed- by, their aoos, 
da^bler^, brothers^ 

aiifita> coiasiDS, aii4 "is^ther 'rels- 
tiohs: *«8 neanrly as thy sftid 
stfveral Tiur(|lera can /be aycer- 

To wWdi there, tmay^be m 
c«ofnp&monf piece , entitled 
. , THE 


-©r, 41, .cooiplete List *of 4lio 

Members of the lUopse ^f Ootn* 

mods/ showtiigf /Ui<the firat place, 

everything* as above; and, be^* 

sides/ «hpwiiEig' the <ecmnfeftoii« 

between the ^Upper «nd tho 

4i0wer House. 


Extttftt of a letter dated Ni^ 
pies, . Jiily 'iJth ; to 'which the 
writer has added-7*".a -dfLf tm 
be for ever remeoibercd in hisr 

' Thb letter ^nnoiuiees W 
yovL no leas an event than a 
ehonge 'in <(be ^Government .of 
this country. Yon were :bclboe 
^ware of the diacontokt exist- 
4ng in the ptovinoes, on aiSoount 
of the imposilion of the Fatn- 
Aorui, and of liie little eaeon*' 
ra^emeiii given to tiie ^eicpoiCa 
<of liaiivo joroductioini,; but yo^ 
were not aware -to wbat a Sm- 
gtee ihlu di veoiUent had inie^tod 
UACljois J all c^^siw, and eyan t^ HaK^ 

Digitized "by CjOOQ l€ " 


Jui.\%9, 1829^ 

t>f the mfmy. "^he organization 
cl tbe cuip at Sessa may pe 
Tte}iooeA the inunediatc caoie 
of, all t^iat has occurrea* ps it 
appears that it not only ^g^ave to 
ike troops an x^pporitinity of 
concerting- their measures, but 
broofi^ht them into contact with 
the provinces, and assure4 them, 
of the comnranity of sentiment 
in the g^reaC mass of .the popula-, 
tion. The whole thine has been 
«o sudden that it is difficult to 
aaoertain exactly how 4t began, 
or who tbok the lead in' the 
operation. Ajac6Tdmg lo the 
bftil ao^oiuits, there is teasoii. 

Bieot was made by a bo^y oi 
cavalry stationed at'Nohi^ "t6.' 
the iiamber of about LW men,, 
wbo.snddenty, and >vitfaoot or<-i 
ders, qnitted thetr post, and. 
■UMx;hM in a |b6dy to the moua-i 
takis of ALvellino. Whether Ihe^ 
reflttlt of pcerious iinderstMidihg^ 


I^y foun4 iherp > wiW»y. 
c^ eon^oifigr 9SLAO0 du^^» 
wl^ich M^jFapprqpriatad to UMir 
ownnse, but gaye an acknow- 
le^fiQfe^t Ml .due form to the* 
party (ram wliom they took ill. 
^he mim <»f ' tbit^ uisvr»<;ti«i 
faay^g jeeached Naplea eaiisod 
the grealest 4arm^ and soBia. 
iOonerait were itot off by the 
^Kmg' to parley with tlie ^tenti;' 
neers, aad tearH what 4>bJdtW 
Wy JM hk vitfw. A Gdtmcil^ 
was iMnediateiy ealtod at the 
|Palae0, to deliberate- o&rfihe 
'ifMHle ' of p w i DPai Qg ; while 
t)iey were-in the:aet'of' deli- 
berating (this ' wan yesterday 
aftenio0i))» two rtf^eieats; o^e. 
of ipfnQtvy, the oflierof d:^ 
goops^ ^[iMtered abe^t a mile 
;frcin;( the .towi»> mareb^d off with 
arfss.'aiid baggbf^e, ibut -in the 
ni6st perfect/ bpdeti to join the 
'insorifiElioiiei^ tooopa. ' lAii ili- 

alarm of tbismreh spread with 
the rapidity of- ligbtoinf ; de^s 
tachaaeots of infentry: marched 
oel W|oie^ ibem> and lareryi 
poafani. who .po^i^ master ft 
fealoek or dAofStmire w'eapoti 
ef aaf deaortptiofrjolfoired tfaeii; 
aiample. Thiti. maed aasdrtir 
Wifl An preeeadtf tewaiii 
lltf (Mi^.tea^Rff to At>l^U;, <rf 

or not, is anknown ; but the 'timatieh wii& Adn' hnnight to 

the Kiog'Min^tbehead-^iiua^ia 
of the insu^gent^, Ihitt they de>^ 
ibanded' a.dkee OoniBtitBAioni^ sW 
milaE'lte .tbii: wtneh htf Jbeeft 
adot) ted in JSpirin.p^Pr0piiralioos 
weiri mi^ to oppMi^ and to 
leSone this Ipiait; buirii was 
diacfava0eA;:oaatoodia|r therdii^ 
pwtbik >l .^hwe^ tr#0|9 ^^ 
k^Mi yel d«cllfedi«di^t the 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

ttil REvotttidN *1N Naplci. 

G6VeThmeiit, "that t^ey atl at 
b^it yi%fe kn^i^ed wHh tlicf 

safAie sentinieiks'i 'aM 'that they 
0Md iiot«%itb^aal^ty be led 
agminst tbetr 6i>mnufts4 ^ This 
ft«le of thm^ was Hsf^tedto 
the KiDg*, OD 'whi«hi'b«P gave 
way, and ctedaiigd -his ^wtfnt i6 
ihe''txmdi$Jtou*'piopimA Con* 
iWrs' w^* sent^olT' td^tbe Ipoop^ 
eaHy thh m0miitkg,i9%nbovaAce 
tfalsNshange; and papeiv'were 
eihibited on th^ walls -of the 
city, deelanng thelCmg^s teten^- 
tion Uf publish a C6iistHttttoir or 
Amwi of ^ree Qovernnitfit. in se- 
Ten' days. Where Ihis wofsild 
have ended but for the timely 
coneession tfaitt bas been made, 
il is, impossible to ^ ; for the 
spirit «piead through 4he sol- 
dier j^ with mieh . vapidky that 
even St. Elmo was deserted by 
lis .'garrison.. The g^enetal ap^ 
. pearaniip of the city, during the 
interval between the parley with 
^tbe troops and the.King^s reso- 
kstioiiio aeoedelto.tbcdr.wishes, 
w^ most singular... Eitery iace 
wa^ parked by anxiety,, and 
danoted the expectationiitf some 
dreadful event. When the joy 
ful change- vrasknown^nothing 
was t6 be seen' or Jieard but the 
mosUltely teattmooidi oi "plea^^ 
sore. proapsptfadedtfaetiSU^tg 
vfiffa shopjU^ of. Viva I Khal 

and ^ese were by no means of 
the lowest or lower classes. ; 1^ 
saw two oAcers in the untfonji 
of Grenerals who joined in the 
exultation. There was a "very 
general cry for the appearance 
of the King on the balcony of 
the l^alace, but he did not sheW; 
hiihselfl iPhis is the birth-^ay 
of ttie hereditary Prince, and 
tb-hight we shall have a grand 

EMtrae^ ^g another UtUr^ tanu dai^i' 
^' It is tiow about a week ago, 
sinoe 4 very general spitit of 
fermentation and discontent Was 
observed in the province of 8a-* 
lerno ; anct last Sunday we beard- 
that a whob regiment of caValry 
had deaected, and posted them-' 
selves near Nola. Shortly after, 
all the troops were put in mo- 
tion agaiktst* them, but it was 
discovered that^isi&flbction pre- 
vailed, and that iio.ieliaaca 
could bo placed upon them, 
which made itevideat that cor 
ercive measures would be of na 
use, but that every means Must 
be tried to conciliate mattele^ 
the more so> as it was beliefed 
that-disconteiit>« more or lev^ 
prevailed in< aU the provinces^' 
Things were carried on .thi# way 
tiM'fyejketday, wfafBttke ¥^ 
havii|g ]^en tpld»tliat«jt..fte# 

• Digitized byCjOOQlC 


July «9, 1800. 


CoDstitiition WIS the universal 
wmIi of the people, d^ared 
that be woald give it to them, 
voluntarily, and immediately is- 
sued a prodamation, promising 
to puMiih it in a week. It is 
said that an alfeciing scene has 
takeu^piaoe at: the Palace. .When 
the King declared his intention, 
the hereditary Prince, who is 
just arrived from Sicily, fell at 
the ieet of the King; ifnd in tears 
thanked him in thb name of tHc- 
people, exclaimiAg, "You have 
saved the country.'' It only 
remains for the Insurgent troops, 
so they were then called, but 
now the Patriots, to jeturn to 
their duty, which they will do 
as sooti as they know the terms 
of the Constitution, which they 
wish to be as near as possible 
to that of Spain. The city has 
been for some days past in ex- 
jtreme agitation. The Civica 
(dty volunteers) haVe been cbn- 
tibually on duty. At this mo- 
ment there are thousands and 
tens of thousands parading' the 
Mttets near the F'alaoe, and 
shojiiting Tivas! tp the King 
«ndCoDstit«tioiL We think that 
1^ WiU proc«i9i^iietly, and end 
safely." — 



From the Madrid GatetU Ejtraordi- 
narjf qf the l(Hh July. 

iThe memorable epoch is ar- 
rived in which the wbhjes of the 
Spanish nation were to be fdlfillr 
ed— the happy day, in which a 
people determibed to preserve 
the Kberty and the dignity of 
the throne, have seen tbeif 
adored King giving another de- 
cisive and irrefragable proof of 
his paternal views, of the love 
which he bears to his subjects, 
and of the earnest desire whidi ^ 
anhnlites Min to c<meur; jn eon- 
cert with the C6rtes, in found- " 
ing and coasolid«iting the public 
happiness by means of a coosti^ 
tutio\i essentially directed to 
the welfare of all — ^the happy . 
|K>ur, In which Ferdinand the 
Seventh, uniting his sentihients ' 
with those df the Spanish peo- 
ple, presented himself before 
the august natbnal c66g^ess in 
the solemn act of swearing to 
the constitution of the iiionar- 
chy. All the necessary arrange- 
ments fof the celebration of this 
solemn ceremony had been pre- 
viously made. The King having 
appointed the hour of 10 in' the 
momil^g of yesterday, Sunday, 
the 0th of July, for proceeding 
to the hall of the Cortes, his Ma* 


itizedi)y Google 


Mf.etinq qf tjic Cortes. 


je»ty left his- |>a]ftae, accompa- 
nied by hi« aujgfust spoiise and 
the Infoidas; vtUsp^cd by i^^ 
finite, in Jtafe co^clies. 

On re^clvpaf .^^ MV *^^ ^^ 
. Ck>rtes ithey were received by 
two grand deputations of the 
tkatiotiKi r^preieii^iv»c*^. -One, 
ooom^lii^ of .9< memJ^rB, ac* 
<^i9panipd t|Kv ^ue^n to the 
triHuiie*whic^ had been pre- 
pared for'hci*, that she tntgh^, 
lo oompiuiy with the lofimtas; 
Cf^y ^)e spectacjie of ^ 9oleinn 
a cereiuony. 'the othe/ depu- 
tation, consisting* of 9^ mem- 
)>er», iB^lMUn^r-two of ihe tDcre* 
Vmt i^» wiUB a^io^Qled to |^t,te;[!d 
on th^ 1\\^' 

' When ills Majesty entered, all 
^ %he niombers * stood' «pi • as^eH 
at the fUfrfomaiie .tofp^ in .Ib^ 
tribuAe on / the ^g-^t of the 
throne, llie councilors of state, 
generals'/ and ina^striates; 6ccci- 
^ied 'the other iritrujk^s; .^ieim^ 
^J^o^ iuHltituc|e \Vhi<|fh filjed 
the gafleries coqld* not restrain 
iljooHSclvcs from'bnrstmg"' mto 
<load aoclamations and Krror/ 
^he.,Kin|r took his seat on. a 
magnific^entthrbne, on ihe si.des 
of \Vhich were* displayed the 
•royar insignia* As soon as tlie 
(fi^Jtu^ 8eat^ hjipsj^lf, ih^ In- 
ifUlas, the ;Pr^ident of the' 
Cortes, and air tlie Deputies, 
also sat down.- A'fter'a'^hoK 
panfte .tfie JPresideoC: 1^099, mA, 
wUhut^e.^eocetarifs^ prpeec|d^d 
to receive ihe Kmg^s oath, which, 
waa taken- in thbihamifer')^'' 
^rilKid, by.the fToostittttiotoj 

bisfaop>£loct of Scvjlle, as Pre- 
si'dem of tfic Coriesr,^ then a*- 
4lfearin»|r Wmself to ihe Kiog^o- 

*' The Cartes, at a lo«s ,e«- 
Hglitened petiod, 'but 6f great 
attd ikUblimo ytrtue^, preserved 
the ^pd^ental laws of ^the 
kingdom, the gloryapd splen- 
dour of^the tfirdfte, and the' na- 
tional ^foiip^fy; ^ctltM wite 
iiislijtutipti yirhich -upited th^ 
King and the nation by ti^ 
great and ribble Wntimeriti' Of 
aflcction *nd lAyaftv; gradffalty 
deelia^d, mi U list into OUi-* 
viop, i^od .the nation became ^he 
theatre of arnl)itron*, aridf tlio 
king 'an Insfruhfeht of ba* pas* 
riani. Bat the dity bf yonr:Ma* 
:'i«ty.*$ ,bji;th was the Aurora of 
the restoration 6t '^^paiii ; anil 
miir* %kn twenty nhtticfh^' of . 
inhabilimts ii^^ in thej# youhgr 
Prin^,.the woi;^y >uoces«o^ of 
8 1: Ferdinand.^ .'iiiey were coii- 
err^tulatitog ' themsdfes^^^ilh 
theiM fhiftirin^ h<q^, wbeJA; Kl 
il|e:ii^e Mme tbM the sa^rjfe* 
gwua 4>fpj^<;t of extipgaishing' 
yoiir sa<?retf rig^hts' was' con- 
ceived ifttlie'wsom bMh^'na^ 
H66,a vilo impostor pcirildiotilljr 
introduced' his hostile legions, 
artd wrestetl frbni the wins W 
the fnitliAri ^p«|piards, their he^ 
loved monarch, at the very mo- 
Aieiit^v^hen h^ hbd jdst'b^A 
plac<^ on the^hrone oif. his glo- 
rious prbgenitoi^. Ttie*§pMish 
4iott wai tUen rou^d, ai^a g)^ 
peral and uni(brm cry g^aVe spi- 
rit and vij^r 10' the Valtfotis 
sons q( Pelayo ; and white . ^h^ 
brave warriorai advancea with 
4h«ir breasts 4^ huxoiff, a&d^k^ 
j)^^d the tyrant's hosts Tropci 
ftielr n&five lafid; thd fiiifim i^f 
Ihe cSi»Miry; Who bad beeo ^h 
ed m>on by the general voice of 
thi^^vi&des, ire«^9^mbofl the 
constitution of the SiKanisb iro* 

Digitized by CjOOQIC , 


Ski\ W. i«o. 


narchs, «FMcb> by soVmly ^r 
^Uruig' the person of the Klag 
■A^cred and iovioklitf , ]im jiioire 
.fiei|)ly ijoed tli«. Crown'Ofit^ your 
Matesty's royial tie«d, Ims ^e-? 
^mid .you nyaiMi the .artiliee* of 
-my ^raurite^ aod thu^ oooblesi 
your Mftjestv to act «iore fieeiy 
for the Ueactfit of your pco|>)e> 
^wid tbe AV^lfiiro of ihe sta4o. 
. "The vrorlhy 4M>oa of the 
couQiry f^onceived thitt they 
•could not make a better rotucn 
^1^ confidence wUh which 
the proviiioet iiooouiod <hem, 
aor ofljir lo ih<^ir/KiDg a n>ore 
'aocopiahte ^tribute, t)Mli4o ^h* 
soUdtota a ;vii<»lUUiiigr 4i)roiio, by 
<piacmgpitoii thehfoad foaftt9 of 
41 )ftMi<iaroHiMd iaw, whkih, 
ibeii^ |he le^a^ o( oor ancbs*- 
'.t<?tC5, a^ the exptesMou of 'an^U- 
^jem, jiMtioe^aaid thefHihlicwriH, 
^lofod ibe door equally agaiiiat 

. -mi^ 4tdteffy*aiid nniiiat aggprl^»- 
ifiOQ. Itaeaiiredthe^miiiii^tPiK 

. d&>& of jestioe^^tabtiiheda jast 
tfyslem of tpnbUc^conomy, and 

SfNun^h^d descended to break 
the ehuim impoied by tyraaoy. 
Such* were their jafeoerete seto* 
tinients when aofdid iaterest, 
crafty Ambition* atrocia^ Ci^ 
himny , and iosatiahie Venge- 
ance^ aAer meditating- 4a obseu* 
nty their dete^iabio pi/ois^ ctebred 
to approach the throne, and 
saonle^ieaily profane <lie sanc- 
tuary of majesty. But,Strtf,let 
4«fr spread -m veil over those me- 
laadholy )>rool^ of human woak* 

At length ^le happy 4ajrar- 
rivcd when a brig^bl ^ar arose 
on ihe Spanish horixoA/ ^hich 
dissipated (tie Ihidc olotid^4br- 
med by intrigue anAltilevoieoce^ 
and ^ered tMth «boaB fomh 
ynth a brilliancy wMeh e^tited 
the admiration of some, the re* 
speotof o«be#s,4be confaaion of 
•mapy, andtlie oonviotioniof'all. 
Han^y 8>paia a^in sees aiK 
$oa»bied 'those Cortes which 
rendered the names of hot Al- 
fdtonsos and her Ferdinands so 

<anclio.ned the ^respect, obedi- *glorioii6^ 4U)d the most virtaona 

eace,. and veneration^ -due to the 
i]aw» and the ^oji^al , authority. 
. Thas felt the ropresentatives of 
f#he nation in- Gadis. I saw 
jtlMn^'Sii^, ^sead i|ipdeepsi^ 
-^ I]^ven4br IbexrueUcaptivity 
'Of-:theirKin|f: I.saw them, tike 
/oipliana, abaUmg tears of sor- 
\gmw lUuifMugmh^sfkd, humbled 
.befor&the Lamb 'Of^Ooni, pray-f 
iog for ther^tacyi of so arokUe 
>li iatfmr to 1ms aameroua and 
■tdiaroa<olatellMtti<y. ijawihom^ 
.avefwhelaied wUh joy and de^* 

a:W^npi^>v«ttkta:theif oppress^ 
L ImwIs wi^^ they 4earned 
ih»il;the Almighty had 4iBtaae4 
ia- thmr. .ferviiht >applieatk>ns, 
i^iilhat tha tijitelar^ aifel of 

of nations-*^jbrgeiting wron§fs^ 
pardoQing'injucio«-^is solely em- 
ployed in re-establiahing a oon-> 
»tittttional governmentr in pre- 
servHig* the purity of her holy 
reltgi^, andin giving teetitao* 
nieS'Of §ffatUiide>aad veneration 
to her King^, now seated on bis 
augsttst thfope^midst the nation* 
:,at congresSj-aHeir having taketi 
a'Solemn oath> Ji^y which ^he is 
amda giaater thaor-the son 6f 
PhiUp was by the^ eoni^oest ^t 
Orieatal UnpUmis. O magtoani- 
moiislttng! tfaaooble^and l<^itl 
Spaniairds are sensible of the 
jMunerous ^oviIb ff;oli^ ^ ^hieh you 
have-saved ihom by thiit f^- 
roiDi act; by whiah ^goAuis of 

•Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Meeting of the Cortka. 


Evil, prepared to U^t up tte 
flame of dfsoord . among- us, is 
criub#d. All hope, that every 
pernicious germ will be 'extin- 
guished, and that eternal pei^ 
and Uncord will take root in 
their stead. Let the fears, jea- 
lousies, and distrusts, which 
criminal souls have excited in 
the heart ot the best of Kings, 
for eVer disappear, aiid all unite 
in surrounding the throne with 
that fraternal alliance which 
secures order, produces plenty, 
maintains justicev and preserves 
peace. And permit me, Sire, 
the fiiithfttl organ Of .Iht^ con- 
gress, and of the nation it re- 
. presents, tof present to you the 
4ue homage of Us fideKty, and 
of the honourable sentiments by 
which it isanimated. 

" As our illustrious ancestors 

always w^re the firmest support 

of the throne and the monarch, 

.so the same Spaip, always ready 

to give brilliant testimonies of 

loyalty and love to her Kings; 

solemnly promises you that her 

.sons, who have displayed in war 

more sangainfury examples of 

fidelity than were known to past 

generations, will m^ke sacrifices 

worthy of Spanish hero^, and 

the admiration of future ag^s." 

. His ' Majesty t*eplied in the 

following terms^ — 

. . '' I accept the expressions and 

.sentiments of love and loyalty 

which the Cortes manifest to-* 

wards me through the orgaa of 

^ its President; and I hope, 

through itt assistance, to.see the 

.KMktioa I have the glory to 

^vern free and happy." 

t • Immediately after his Majesty 

cead with a dear intelligible 

voice, and with all the dignity 

becoming his character, the fol-* 
lowing speech :— 

*' Geotlemea Deputies, . 
' " At length haa arrived, the 
di^, the object of my ardent 
wishes,^ on which 1 see ^myself 
surrounded by the representa^ 
tivee of the heroic and gene- 
rous Spanish nation, and in 
which a solemn oath has Comf 
pletely identified my interests 
and those of my family with the 
interests of my people, 

" When excess of evils' pro* 
dnced the dear manifestation of 
the voice of the nation, formerly 
obscured bv lamentable circum- 
stanced which ought to be 
erased from our memones^ I im- 
mediately determined to em- 
brace tlie desired system, and to 
take the oath to the political 
constitution of the monardiy 
sanctioned by, the general and 
extraordinary Cortes in the year 
of Igl^. Then did the Crown 
as well as the nation receive its . 
legitimate rights, my r^sojutioa 
being no less spontaneous and 
free than conformable to my 
own interests and those pf the 
Spanish people, whose happi- 
ness has never ceased to be tte 
object of my sincerest wishes. 
My heart thus undissolubly 
united with the hearts of my sub- 
jects> who are also my children, 
the future presents to me only 
agreeable images of confidence, 
love, and prosperity. ^ 
' /' With what satisfaction mutt 
the^rand spectacle be con- 
templated, hitherto unexampled 
in his^y, of a magnanimous Na- 
tion, which has pw»ed from ^me 
poUtical state, to another with- ^ 
out convulsion or. violence, sub- * 
jecting her enthiuhisnr to the ' 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


Jutt W, 1890. 


IfoidftDo^ of reiison, nmtor ^r- 
cimtUnces whieh tMive covered 
with Biovrmiig', ami imiiidated 
with leArt^ other lesfi fortoBMe 
ooantries! - 

"The geoei^l attention of 
Earope is now directed to the 
proceedings : of ' the Congress 
which represents tbb highly- 
faronred nation. From it are 
^pected pnident indulgence for 
the past, and enlightened firm- 
Mil for the fature, andthaiat 
the moment which confirms the 
happiness of the present and 
sQcceediiig generations^ the 
errors of the preceding epoch 
nay be buried in oblivion. It is 
also hoped that maltiplied ex- 
amples will be displayed of jus- 
tice, beneficence, and genero- 
sity — virtoes which always dis- 
tingfiishecl Spaniards— wliich the 
Constitution recommends, and 
which, having been religiously 
' ob§erved during the efferves- 
^ceAce among the people, oi^ht 
to be still more strictlv practised 
in the Ck>ngress of their repre- 
sentatives, invested with the cirr 
comipect and tranquil charac- 
ter of legislators. 

" It is now time to undertake 
the exansination of the state of 
the nation; and to cpmmence 
those labours indispensable for 
the application of remedies suit- 
able to the evils produced by 
andent causes, and augmented 
both by the invasien of the 
enemy, atlid by the erroneous 
fystem of tHesucc^ding period. 
'* The aci^oiiiit of the public 
revenue, which /t^ Secretary of 
State to whom that d^piMrtmcht 
bl^ngs will present, will shew 
Its diminution and embarrass- 

ment, und will excite the zeal of 
the iCortes to sftek and select, 
among the resources still pos-' 
seasedby the nation; those best 
suited for meeting the engage- 
ments and indis^nsable cmurges 
of the state. This inquii^ will 
serve more apd more to confirm 
the .0|ttnion, that it is esswtiai 
and urgent jto establish piibli<^ 
credit on the immutable bases 
of justice »nd good faith, and 
the scrupulous observance ali^ 
fulfilmeint of all engagements 
which give satisfaction and tran- 
quillity to creditors apd capi- 
talists, native and foreign, amol 
relief to the treasury, i fulfil 
one of the most sacred duties 
which the royal dignity and the 
love of my people impose pn 
me in earnestly recommending 
this important object to the se- 
rious consideration of the Cortes. 

" The fidministration of lus- 
tlce, without which no society 
can exist, has hitherto depended 
almost exclusively on the honour 
and probity of the judges ; but, 
now made subject to knowA 
and established principles,, i^ af- 
fottls to the tkWzeni new and 
stronger groitnds of tecority; 
and stin greeted improv^^irfents ' 
are to be expected when our 
codes, carefully improved, shall 
attain that simplicity and per- 
fection which the knowled^^ 
and experience of the ^e m 
which we live are capable of 

"in the interior admiitistra^ 
tion difficulties are exlperieifoed 
which pt-oceed^froni old abuses, 
aggravated during these latter 
times. The pefserertfig appli- 
cation of the government, and 

Digitized by 


H£Etl^'4 dt tireCoRTi;*. 


ftitr :teal wUti which it. n^tml thii ^^^r^^^. diw^l^ 
niid tlie provmeial ftuihonties, aaH evil4, and wll draw clo»er 

Uboiif tfi L^staWish tko simple 
Ikfid beafeti cent itinmci|j*il system 
ftdoi^l^ by Ihe con^tUftfel>ii, are 
lcs*«tting thfc oHstiiclpSp and wiHj 
if!- liniB, ^eKect n depufttnent cH" 
tfte St^lc, wliicti has an (t^**scntial 
inffw?W^ W^frr tlic prtblic wci- 
fhre and prosperity* 

- The army aiid the ^avy cult 
mot^ t^artfeulttrfy far my aitpn- 
Hon at|d Solicitude, tt will he 
©no ot mv first eares to proiwotc 
their or-anlxatiati, aiTd estabrrsh 

Ihem irt the rnaffiner most coiivc 
litenl for the natjoii, us fiir asi 
poWibk, the adviintJi^os offerees 
so imj)6rtant wilh that eeouomy 
which IS itidispeiisahle, and tc- 
lyiu^ Oft the patriotism afvd good 
will of the peoide, hud the vvie- 
dom of their representatives, % 
\v\iom I shall alwjrvs h^^ve rc- 
ijoofse with cutire coiifideftcc. 

** It h to be expected that 
ihe rt^-etitablishment of Ihe cmi- 
^liinttomd svatcn), m^d tho dut- 
iering prospect which th^t event 
fiteseiiti* for the future, may, by 
Hjiiioving til© pretext* of whicti 
Iti^tignity \\Hs been able to take 
iidv:^nlii^e in tlie iiUra-maniie 
Ijroviiice*, smooth the path to 
the paeiftcation of tho>e which 
mroma ifilntc of a;2nta«ion or dis- 
InrbaiH^, aud render utinucei*- 
• tiiry the employmoiit of any 
other means. The cxi*mples of 
rooderatinn and the love of order 
given by pciiinsular J^puin, the 
pM>t pride belonging to s^> 
'worthy and generous m. nation, 
mnd tlie wise Wvth whidi art^ 
i^romnl^atcd coiikifmtible to the 
cous-tittilioa, viM contribute ti> 

pll 8panianh arotind aiy throne 
— ttticftti€iag.t(^lfae Iqveof ttiw: 
common coontry all Ih^ twoU ' 
If^ttonj vihirH msiJH break or 
wehkon^ tlloae fraternal ri^ *>y 
whiBh ttey ottghtJ icrte ii»ii€d.- ^ 

" In o«fr rei«iiaB*\vi(l* foreign* 
connttiws life most pertect bat-i- 
mony in general ptcvaite, with? 
the exception of sbnie few flit— 
fpTFiitx^s^ '\¥hic*i, ihoiigh thfey 
hare not distnrtj«r Arc exfstm^ 
pearrc, Imvc given, rise to disctis^ 
filmis whicTi feaniot bo tefmi- 
natcd Nvilltfont tbe <6u^inrence 
aiid interveritioii -of Che €Jorte» 
of the kingdom. Sneh are Hie 
differences^ ^pcfidhi^ ^Vith the* 
l!nifrd states €>f j^merica re- 
specthig- the ^lofidas, and the 
marking out the 1>o\mdarte« oT 
Louisiana. ConteiJta Vilccwne 
exist, ne«asioned by *tHe occopa- 
tion of Mooie-^ideo, and other- 
Spanish possesiioftis'On fhie tetr 
Hank of the rher Plata; h^U 
thp)n*rh a com j>ltetHion of vaTion^- 
eircn instances htes hilhertcy pre- 
vc^nted the adittstnient o?) thes^- 
differences, I hope that (lie jus- 
tice arid ^iioderatiori 6f the prin- 

clplet^ whitli gtilde VMr diplo- 
matic opbtatJons. wiJ! prodiice t^^ 
result snitaWc <o the nation, and 
<*mif(>nnable ^totbe paclftc sjs-: 
tcnr, the preservation of which 
in now the general an^ decided 
ma:timefBotope?iripol»c3\ The^ 
Repenry of Algiers ha* .p\^l^ 
indlcTilioni ^f a W)sh to renew 
ili old ^TStem 6f restlessness and 
ag^ressien. To lavoidthe mh« 
^eqnchces wbich way "atlse fron^ 
thi> warit of respedtto exiiticg^ 

Oigiljized byCjOOQlC 


jutir Cti, te-ibi 


jlfjpdiatiobs, tbeicilcnstVe treintv 
^iiUnMi info in (t»e ^enr leilO 
nrilh Ifc. Kipff .«* tha ^thejrr 
kodft stipulated the jupioQ of,the 
I6speetiv^ina)nti»e iotces fd _ttie 
tfedSerArieiki', dcAiincd to 
naiotam ,aikl rfecfucc :tbe .lire«r 
if^./of zmvi^tion ana soni- 

, " ^»^ ai ll k iVi? duty of 
roc Cit>f(eti to consoKdkfe ge- 
«0ra1*hl4>p%iiMii tbro|fg'h themes 

.<SW ^J W^ .^ j««^ *»J^8^ ap<i 
thereby ti^^^roleiet reli^iqtii; tT|c 
tehts of (he CroWh, ^ad of *thc 

The Wcsfifciirrpplfcd :-^ 

" The «:!oHe^ hsa heafcd wilb 

Address in which jou^ Maj^ty 
Tm^ (btt>f^ed ybtlr no&le l-tid 
f Qnttooa atiiliniea<s;. and . de^ 
jierihfli thr..«lfiate of the anfionv 
The Cortes presents to your Ma- 
jesty ks most rcs^ettful tnunKs 
Tb^ fheftrdciitk^ With vil^ich 
>oiL i^omote tlie i^^iietai pwa^ 
j>OrJt^V and ^^roipi^es to co«:ODe- 
ratc witli voiir Majesty's inVeTli- 
%'ehc6, And fo VSofiWlJme Hy ^W 
possible meank to the attaiiv 

for which It baj» hccii convoked.*' 

dfa^ ; so abo U belongs to:^raent^of t^|»^ .'^P^jt^nt object^ 
By Dflic^.l^,¥^c|i ovierthe,^xe-' 
jin^oD^j^nd^fult^cnf 0^ those - 

Sws,^ and pspM^clally of the fiYh-, 
imentkl ia'w of flie monarchy, 
te Ifliich,the.!k€(|>e8, and. wishes 

of the Spanish people, are ^cen- 
tred. This win l>e my mosV 
grateful and most constant duty. 
To the ebtablishment, and to 
the entire ai^d inviolable pre* 
•ervation of the constitution, tlie 
power which that constitution 
grants to the royal authority 
will be devoted, and in that will 
also consist my duty, my de- 
light, add g^ory. To fulfil and 
bnag to perfection this great 
aad salutary enterprise, after 
humbly imploring' the aid and 
giidanee of the Author of all 
good, i require the active co- 
operation of the Cortes, whose 
leal, intelligence, patriotism, 
uid love to my royal person, 
lead me to hope that they will 
concur in all the ilucessary mea- 
tarte for the attainment of such 
iaiportant ends, thus jiistifyin<^ 
the coDtfdena;, of tlic liero'^c na- 
tioa by wbicli thoy have be«io 

The cerenionics of this'ai^sl 
splcmnity being ended, tTieir 
]\Iajestics and the InfaiitasVith^ 
drew it6m tile Cortes with the 
saAie ri^ttnie with ivlnch t)iey 
liad entered, repeated cries of 
rVra el Nvy y las Corten ! re- 
sounding through the hall, and 
all returned to the |mlacc. 

The streets through which the 
procession passed were linl^i 
with the different corps of the 
garrison of Madrid, and the na- 
tional militia, both cavhlry and 
infantry. The presence of their 
Majesties and the lulantas — the 
splendour of the retimie— t/io 
brilliancy of the equipages — the 
taste displayed hi the tapestry 
(which ornamented the bal- 
conies of the windows) — tho 
numerous concourse of people, 
which almost impeded the cour&e 
of the procession— the repeated 
applause of all classes of per- 
sons, enthusiastically exclaiming 
Vtva kH^eyjTHya tfr CoiiMtitv- 
Mon ! vita cl fiey comtitucionai. 
Sec.'— <ind, 'above all, the rccol- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


MttTlNiC 0£ THI C^nBS. 


tedion of tlMi4>lir)eei of the fomg^ 
nifcetti ooroBKMij,-— 1^1 ooncnr* 
Ted to render this day most glo- 
riqits lo the Spanish nation^ and 
to present a spectacle which 
will be the eternal admhration 
of future ages. 

The tranquiUtty and order 
which prevailed in the hall of 
the Cortes, as well as tJ^ng'h- 
Ofit4he sliwts, served to confirm 
more thAn ever the food opinion 
that is entertained of the cha- 
racter of the inhabitants of thi6 
capital, who, on the great day 
4/ Spain, cfave tha BM>st con- 
vinciBf proofe of their noble 
aontiineiits^ their loyally and 

iny^ cfffl^ King, and then* ad- 
herence^ to those coAstittttioiial 
laws in which the- bappiness of 
ail is centred. ' 

The sitting of the Cortes i^a« 
cof^nXd after his Majesty's do*- 
parture; and, on the proposi- 
tiojM^the depnty Count de To- 
rej^a committee was appointed 
to draw np an addbesi^ in an- 
swer to his Mafesty's speech ; 
and for this purposie were electa 
ed the deputies Count de Tor 
reno, Torrero, Martinez de la 
Rosa, Tapia, Temes, and Ge- 
neral Quirofn.. With this th^ 
solemi acts of flie 4fmmig «f 
the Cortes eoncloded. 


' Klota^by W. BenUw, d60, Alriiiid.V-t^lcf! ' ' '*^^ 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


ioutr.--^V.SJi LONDON,8ATURD'AY, Avoo«t5, 1880. '\frihc^6 


THE EAfcL OF fclTJgtUrtXML^ 


E6eniU whiAappdctiif: U. be 
frit €tppreachisig. . 

t' j; oi 0(1 i 

M» katfim h^t thil i o^osid^r' 
liiistlerea^^'' Sidmcnitb, and 
Capiu^^; hat; i temembe^ 

'WlieHJ Bidowvili ^etegensed iiisj 
"mfrrdw, ^at fab ' liair. Officers: 
€01^ )ind' bothiii^ to pros^Hte: 

l&&)C8ternpat& was' tOt shot ii|> 
jio diMigr^^i^ a groat iwnt^et; oH 

iot^i and q(miM7Cid~tfae|iiaWi|t 
in Irons Mw maldAlciob^'^^i^ 
ing* thorn in ^ungpeoQs for nearly 
aye*f ; thpn tjotnipj^ thw? ^t 
vtfith tl»iM0tesiden|iaMl4^i6- 
^aiKUM^ io koep ibe^pteiyBb 
and be of good bbhavioiir ; ^l> 
this witho^t fq]ri)ii|hiQ^ itol|b- 

their. aociiser9> . withbnt affsrft- 
ing. them any^ ppporii^rity oL 
d^fe^ing; ibei^selves ox, l|ieir 
obaitaolenl ;' a«i, ater.^iahia. 

procuring' to be pasaid a^Sill -tb* 
^protect against the opera^ifMi' of 
the li^s. Ml. jl|t9j9^,. vhflt^fes^^ 

di08«i dMi^ bad Wii ftei^ 
trated.. 1 daiKBot ib^et Mfi. 
I oeyei ew s'uflar, thes^ thin» 

«Mnftetd|^ aa a»t to barecajM. 
whenever ywt name is inehi*^ 


Prim^ aAd^FabUflhod by W4 Bent>o«^ 2m,9t$And: ' 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

lao To tM Earl 

Thereibre, it is impotsible for 
me not to see with pleasure the 
ttst ff _irf -^mlMurtAssHieii^ mmL 
idartt'ln irhich yon acrenow 
Jplntect; br^ mtfaeri in which 
joo and yonr eplleagiucts, your 
SjDpporters and abettors have 
now placed yourselves, by per- 
^eveAng m your project for 
^togiaaing her Mijesty the 
(toe^n, for strippingp her of her 
^hts, and dignities, and for 
driving her from the shores of 
En^and ; all which are intend- 
ed tabe eiboted by thai Trud, 
tiietimeiMrwhieb iai^^proadn 
ing^ and with regard to wjiich, 
it is my intention now to make 
some observations. 

The word TYidt is, in this 
.coimffy, understood to inohMle, 
or e3q)ress^several things. First, 
that ^here sha)I be a judge to 
preside appointed by a third 
party, and wlloUy independent 
^ both the parties. Beeond, 
Aajt thcire diall t>e m Jurp^ se^ 
lecte^ b^r ipeither.par^y, that it 
shall consbt of persons of fair 
character, promiscuously talcen 
out df the mitto of the comwo- 
wAtjf. niird,* that the tieensed, 
p^rspn shall have a jipee\flc 
charge preferred against him, 
atating his offences with great 
precision; stating th^ timi^ 
imU pia^^ of co^iQ^tting those 

OF Liverpool. 


offences ; and, accompanying the 
charge, there ^ shall be a |ist of 
of those^ who, upon, their ostht, 
have declared the charge to be 
true. Fourth,' that when things 
a^e jthns prepared,, due^ s^tiee 
shall be given of the time of 
trial, and that the accused shall 
come into the Court and take 
his trial. Lastly, that the trial 
shsdi) be open; that no 4oors 
^all be closed / that the whole 
of the public shall have access 
to the spot ; and that, in short, 
the transaction shall be in the 
flice of the pedple. 

Now, I will npt here I repeat 
observations that have already 
been made on the threat) made 
use of t6 "keep her Mt^tj tt^ 
the scen# of accusafioAi; I wiH 
not dweU on the fdready,.^%- 
posed sophistry, which would 
compare a secret cominittee to a 
grand Jurp, seeing that the 9c^ 
cnet' Commitlee was* aftenwards 
to becomea p^t of the Juices 
to sit upon the Trial,, ojt a j>art 
of the petit jurors, call tliem 
Which youwiU; neither iWlF^I 
dwell; on the mode of ooHectiog 
the ^videi^j on ttva,pe|s<9|a^ 
by was , collect^ed^ or 
stop to inquire whether it was 
got together and laid t)efo'i*6 
this strange grand jury by a 
part of the grand jury them* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


Au«)|T«,.l^. , „j 


a^tti: 1 w^U,fiiereJly, ppjfn^t^ 
pie9ei]^t.(Of»a4ipii^ ioo)( at Ih^ 
^lipxow^amg ..Trial . under , the 
l^etda ftboyre enomerated^^ and 
aee baw^jti a^qitres witti.^yi^r 
«eiU^ ^fiotioiis4>r a Trial.. . . ,. 
Fixa^ the Hooae pf .Loi^ds ai;^ 
tli9.Ji|dge9» an^^ le^j^fuUjfi t^ic^y 
are tbeiliirora^abp« ^^ow^hi^Yie 
tbf)jr bc^D ^p^inted bjr ^.third 

.tlie,imnipaiiii}rf ToJ^idp^uij^ 
mi»t.t^j(fai^iiiiantpiou^l None 
of tb^li^^ . Jb^n, a Jy^iy ,cftn 
aeilliec. ^^(itigjfien(«^ tipr d^'mt- 

.Trifil^ , , b .t}ya the q^ with thf 
J(lQa)ia,Qf ^f»f)d8 1^, Jf ax oot jix^jf 
ipinpb^^^ B^ Pe^rsJtj/^^cr^^ated 
dnrijBiff .th^ Tr^J^I May not, a 
cenaideralfle poirtiop of t^ecri be 
copini^ided to <)iut^tl^ Ho^se^ 
.#fid.;to j^^ la th€Jr r^spectiv^ 
.g^nrer^nieiits or, regimentsi or 
other employments, and'wJtiich 
.c(Mn^anda they are- hound to 
4ibey I, . And are theie eircum- 
^fn(Q($a coQ9ifiBnt^ w^th j^ Eng- 
hsjbmaa';! id^^ of ^ Tri^ ? 

Tbo^a ti^ipg9^,are^ ;k). plain, 
th^ they strike eye^ ^^^^\ 
aodrttilt^y. compel us, ,t>t 'pqr 
own'safety'^^ i»ake; tti filing id 
"her Majesty ; because, we clcar-t 
Jy see .t}}at,wbi^t is done>},he* 

*S-^J^'. m^^ be. d?{». Vj ap^,,oJ 
us to-morrQw. 

A. spLciJic charge is abso- 
suteljr necessary to give the ao-^ 
cosed party even a chanca of 
justice ; and so sensible ha^ve 
our ancestors always been of 
this., that they have taken care 
that pone of us shall be brought 
io Trial without an indictmcnL 
And fin indictment must state 
the,perifDii, the time^ and the 
plg^e and ihefttci ; ant} must be 
m acer^t^m form of wnrds. If 

,'.-'. ' • ' ! ,'*' ' '\ 

It be deficient in anv of those 

• ' -"^ , ' , ■ ". • 

points, it u then reg-ardcd a% 

good fcyr .nothing. It miisit Jble 
fi^rounded on the oaths bf^jper^ 
sons that have apipeared ' aii^ 
sworn to the fact; and' tHe 
nam^s of these persons, pust be 
.subjoined to tlie indicimenlt; 
and, before the Trial come on. 
the accused party. must be fur- 
nished with a copy of this do; 
cument * . 

. Now, the Queen is going to 
trial witbout^y. specific charge. 
Her Majesty is, io be tried for 
jsjhe knows not wha,t.. She i^ tp 
be tried for offences said to have 
been committed by her,but ipAe^ 
<^r tob^re sh^. is not told« She 
has requested of those who arf 
to try her ^to give her the tuunea 
of taiinesaes; sh^ has also re- 
quested the nafnesof the places 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To rak^ict Of tiitmiMOL. 


Wbe're her' crun^k mre said' to 
hmy^ beea comii^itted. fiotb 
have l^en rtefuse<l bef, and tiiat, 
i6ii, 1)y ibe persons wlj<i*are to 
h^ iifir Juclgeiahd' Jofbhr ! 
^ ilhus; tben, the Qiie^n is to 
go to Trial in 4 way that ho 
human being everwent to Trial 
before in England. And, I beg^ 
the public to bear in ininid, tha^^ 
every man of ua is liable to the 
same mode of proceeSing, #hich 
ii now adapted against her Ma* 
jcsty. Her cause is; therefore, 
OUT cause ai far, at least, as re- 
lates to ttm mode of proceeding. 

Mr. Wooler, Mr. teigbHant, 
Mr. Walter, or myself i any man 
of U3 who may have rendered 
himself obooxioos to yoii and 
your cblleagoes^ may be taken 
odt 6t the ordinary course of 
law anil jnstice, and preceded 
waihst by bill olfpaihp and penal- 
ties, without any speafic charge, 
^thont names of wttnessies, 
iim^ss or places; and may be 
ino^risoned, fined, banished; 
transported or hanged by such! 
tnlL If this pro6e^hg in fhel 
case 0^ the (^ueeh be }uJBt ktfdl 
T^6p^T, how can hny man pteadi 
an exemption fronk fiabiRty id 
sikch proceeding'? ' 

There remlalns but 6ile thiWg| 
to caf> the climals, namely, tb 
earrjr oa ^ Trial in ^eeref ; 

that' is to say, to shut' ottt thi^ 
puhli6, and (o prevent th^ pnV 
lidlition of the p^coefingH dter- 
ingp the Trial! ISonte 'of the 
news^a^^rs have l/ad the te- 
merity to toy, tttui ev^ fftfa t# 
if^etided! ' ttovih^et, •nOtWiih- 
standltfi^ alt that we have i^eto, 
this Is tdiat r cannot t^n]^ n(y- 
self tO' b<ilibve. The pr£t6iic^ 
ibr a p(tohft>>doik of ipiiblicMoii; 
diirita^ lh«) lat^ Tflatt' at' thi 
Old i^aiti^y, Was> thai IM^ fhtvri 
3tm^ mi^ht be ant fo 'b^ itt'^ 
flo^n6^ l>y s«tch |>iibli«Mions \ 
that is iosay. th^'jbH^s'wUeK 
wouHf tofke to ti^ other \>r tfai^ 
pirfsbnielfc/ hVis viA'jr haM to 
p^iroeiVe how sticV ihMfeht^ 
khonlft op^elrate inj^tribtbly ; bMf, 
tx eiij fate, snbh a proleiic^ 
cannot Wi^ herd, h wttl b^ 
Impo^lihle' (br th^ fnfai'ds of thosd 
^ho al-e td'tty thi^ iaascf to be . 
xlndtAy ln1kienct>d hy a ^bhba^ ' 
tion of the )>rbceefi5ngs. ' lloV* 
eveV, if thb pilAlic be not acT- 
mttCed^; if no one bd suifi^reff t(> 
enter the (3bart,'^exccpt byittt- 
presi and^nbiAYnai pertoibsfon of 
afieer ot feiirs; aiid^ if 'Ae pro- 
eeddfngfs be not |)e]fm)tted tb' he ' 
ptblMed diiriflig'^d THai; no 
mm XHpo» ovth wiU bavf^ tfi^ 
impQde9ee to say that soch st 
thhig is an open Trial. 
It^has giv^ greHtpl^Wure tc> 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 




shitri of.the pev9e€Mlk>ni;.lli#/ 
luffhi^as Mhw upon JMt f^. 

iiTMl to tie tbo>d%yj idmiiwi*. 
yifiHh MVf». hop^. 0t hsiog pt^ 

Ihoitt fee; pip^n« . at Jiot Ufmg: 

your coUeagfue, Sidmoatti^ ish: 

aAbeaRayaLMtoijiliMlo^jpett i^d ibeite.ivlDiiiHl/iihfti 

jai^ is f«»«ilved V> be pmMant.tA 

Cmri iPP«gU« Hi4cied» bo wm- 
tbiiw^ b«l this > a MMl^ioff 
whkh we th^ m( »e#^ . 91ie 
wiK;belbMe ie loek> becju)^ 
mmn « tiie iM; wdiithiiiie 
so neceisary lo btf defease^ al 
mM «»JI# bMMHilfliitlalk W 
tpecta, Ibat.llMf |mNietaife:f»f 

^atfossed t)enioa..!'Eb sliitlHr 

All etrery :botom.wllfa:uKiigiHi4 
liM^ iipwiiHrH^dKifr.iitaieitM. 

Wkef )d^; fep. ti^iibititr 9m 
iii^p^Mble. I nif Mch a:pMntait 
were : oeoe mip[ na, teen'st'^lib: 
w«di b^«|eiil. i 
. Akdt M«r» inK tiOib^asi^Ui 
afelht wiMii;Of yag.flyww! jy oity 
kMi JipeiiiitfiUiiDf , Itt Abe iMt 
ktohy anr itei^ nftei^ Mk^m&i gtdj 
tke:il4it Joyil bat ttewiieftL^tf 

thb rpeliiieiaa*«f lll».)ctosr,v <ir, 

telilf ;'0Ndt:pteyiMil.]utt beeki 

ejiinmjnf llBir.^i^lcaiit3«N^ 

Ittaw. olhAreM wr 

jifae iQaoeKWodld aevrt kavw 
jentMed |dle •Ike aried ei aiAn^ 
jtiie peofde iM'the Ungp 4toi4d' 
|h«MBr been eaudbftf aaite^U i Vbe^ 
fofqper wwiU haire beea:.f0Be> 
jandAappy, aad the laitanMiddt 
|ba«li^teen>»ecQ9^. i^ ^ ' - ^''^/^ 
[ / We;'.wlia>4iaee Joi^l^i''»«^ 
jEHipeoifdUy; aad se^ ImnMyt 
|8oei^t aitefil anJU^oililiUiinoals 
,iaiyrni» <attao< }ielp-aft'tUallai» 
feeiaig {peept satiifiMctfa^, tlM 
ope l>6TieeiitiWi^ andev wtece- 
nA wa teiB»t6«eiQ$nly saApidM 
ai^ Mliitl iwBKfanhat Oey^aM 
^abt ettwfcifat^wt » MMt^-ttm^ k tf 
I poi]it>teyaadi whiek thebfewei^ 
eflaaat.«(y$^ Md^'lhit^MliSriM 
aaeUai'te-'^aamfJ'iik) ftoai^tta: 
MeiMMie^^Mh^ > Kli l i api i i t " 
bib tor ea to ji^Heel ^eip difr^ 
dakilJilifCbelriMoIent, laidili ; « 
]lMtaf»oei{bt6<4b» ^ to fov^ 
idMr c^Waidiy eH ^utaian^cf^ 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


To THr-Biihir d» ^imkKPOOL, 


wrtbour tMiDg! 'i^tfdftidik>«''iit4ptMr^ If tte tfrgrAiMiati^ om^ 

liny* coiifd: be* tcmtrtetMf wM' 
thb^ H:tf ' KAotfeer day ; if ite] 
evMlt oduia b# 0Di)ip&rdd >frM»> 

tove all th^flu befbre* «si«t -aK 
islttf ld'i<1ri0«r; 4faey ^woild^i pf^ 

^] .Btl^l i#li«tr: do- ivr^t 

c4dry tMftgi tiMtt iftiliidys Ai^hv. 
Ali^dir ]^to|tfloiiB to MqpMte 
utfyMnilMftJIing : »all ^ tMri eonr^i 
tehlptof<w Md^<lur-'qttalifba« 
tlmi^ aRtkOie «Miriie^iipF)BNt^ 

tlieir Sgi uta r u iW i ii HiCii i cpjfia M i ifc. 
aoidiiiMgp^' •-*' .Mr,i.t,::c) m ' . 
-/The |A)8kessbni lof fbirtr «/>in(iiti faKfaw tack «ka0 Wb^ 
bf vo^'Mteans' » ligaiiof wMhm^^ nmfbioMlaTi hit? Whatd^^ 
oi>lbriata(t;^:awMir iasj^pfDof W^ iiwaiilKMor^ Oaa tbi- 
dT'^ikto kul:U0»iy/(«natMlf< k swrec 4ad«pt«d: agtthit: ,4tot 
wmU tetemAhed' ittcAM/pn*! Qiiklif ^ <Who ;ni hit 
. $BHtMat» bltkiattountiy^ JQhth 
iii^Jlie lait thMgr yfr^ thil^ 
oflMttJr baa -aufetel from : tan^ 
oniilcattM, b«l frofliAothii^ to 
mftth^^as.jMm 'igaora9€e^ .from: 
want of capacity,, ftam jyaMbfliljb>i liai»«|Uiiilaf Adaiot^^pw 

a»mHl.>j4dginettt ■ nat^fcant/' a 

4mMM:)Jiite of floiMittfoi^itbeb 
ab0tt(inrias»cl.'iiitt>yMteit ; fTwte 
«MiigAbo nAdft ti«^e|.bia9o. 
<iji«fv0r«d. « ywo^i-Al^'^me^ 
^hipgnN^eefisaq^to teai^jHl bi/ ftc 
iMbt'Of peiica; jmI j>ia#paHij< 
V 4 ««^tjMiM *aMad«fiof Att 

li ii i g ii U drtoiniiide ^fi^eiMiii^ 
saJl^ilNtl Qfif tliaiM»eaiu«M|af 
tb#i<iHa»arqf cQi(Hi)iOiftoMraa«»« 
ed(9iri/Ar«cb,(ftitoi^ if Oie^otir 
«eii||^t tho,opMI(m»i)aiMnl»i: 

{wbttlchMt %a«»«Mo|H^/whb«i> 
hd !bmwk tbot.^MrofioriCioii' «adf 
.the thtoUiM 8t4.0iii6i^to*1bil4j 
At Mory*.8ta^ M ttaaqMocMMia 
iDtg:sykb0inposiibllity!4tf lacoeM 

WtyrfiWrts.^^PPWtiW:. Vl; 

nfist; .and yet y#»gv>4ni I -j** •«/ 
MyuefmiianiiB Ifaiftw4bd Vmak 

tabe^ylsm^uRfliiird^AiCly aii^ifei 
^ialit4faett^Qli 'ivUI-iJ 

VoH) jmuQl^, Mitr tbati jmi wiaU 
Ibei^OateMii la ' be aiywilid; 
Itbw/tf lih«(»^ abli|tairil 
:plaaa «*!ill|pMC<if Ttbi»i<MM!biK 

tiMliolaiii>fo98iiibrfi )jcDiflPotlla 
ab ai t arali 1 hImw oay^ ttmiiMm 

^^1^9^tAiim,wM.k(k^\A <| nii ii fi Mi i h i i >id'a ip Mlid 4tBrt<»%» 

jKiftr ijwiul Mfoire ; .-aallil 7«att 

Digitized by VjQOQ IC' 


Avpqst 5, 1^^. .,, 


amt^ yovL (bat it has nof ^• 
cap#d^tb0 puUioy vifbo are ^o 
d06p\y ioterestad. in tUs flat- 
ter,, to overlook, ithe drciiinr. 
itMce^ ibt4> respeD^Uilx plight 
to resi sojqi^wbere. 

Before I proceed po qiake^any 
vemacks x>f a more general na-^ 
tqfe^jl miist ncyUce a pu^blic^jtion 
ia The Courier of yesterday^ 
wtueh would teem to be ipr 
tended, by the writer of that 
|Mi^^^ to pirepare thfi pub^c 
wmd pi tome measaie like tbat 
of .knyping the Qveen ot«f fif 
Ae Cefwrt during her Trj^l.— 
The wholly of the, aEtii4«i. 13 as 

, " The w^ks here are rapidly 

<f pfooeeding', aufi it is expected 

'' that thpy will hp ready^^i; tbe, 

'^ .ra)S}f^ of the galleries by Fri- 

'i ifif or Saturday oext^ wheii 

" ai|*extr4 i^omber of workmen 

*f frill be iotrodaced to complete 

*f the workjl with rapidity.^ . The 

'i^gm^milff saised flooring on 

'.' vhkb the Peers' bei^ciies , are 

^' plj|^« on each side, of the 

"^ Uofise, in an oblong dijfection, 

** is b^iog .restored on. a^, im-; 

V proved plan ; bat ^the seats 

*' fnil be adjosted aci^rdii^ to 

<5 the pievioo^ ii^o4e. The fiame- 

". work and flooring of the ^l*- 

'/ leries are, being prepared in a 

"yard ne«F ^^be House. They 

will be so oa9stmeted. i#jd 
supported* W to be WjMly i#* 
dqjienden^ of tl^ wa)}A:,.tbe 
bre^Jung of the sid^ p( tijie • 

'' Hoase^e or 4ie lenio^Tf'l <^ da« 
jnage. of any ppr|ti^ of t^ 
'' .^WW^rWiH thmbf r^pdfM 
f' unnecessaiy. To guard, the 
" tapestry from pfik of, injury, 
" there will be badfr-boards or 
" temporary wainsootff^g t^^^^ 
'^ ing 9boye the height thai 
" might batLfliect^ by the pass*. 
" ing and repassing of thf^Pei^. 
'' to their i^ats. Thf fronts of. 
" the galleri^ will be ppep> 
** with light cross-banr^ iroo«*. 
^' work^ surmounted by a han^« 
" rail| covered with scarlet clothe . 
'' to accord with the other deoH 
'' rations of the House* At eadi 
" end of the galleries, thcir^ will 
" be a,light s^ircas^ to enabjp, 
'^ the Lords to proceed^ir.^ 
''seats. It bu already, beep! 
*' stated that no inetmfifi^^ 
** ikaf^e hee% giveniomakefmff, 
" peeuHar arrangemerUa for, 
" the acconfmodfitiou , ^of, ,aj^, 
'' foriiee to the BiU, except fa. 
" ^closed space belo^th^Bar,. 
" for the counsel, witnesses, &c (, 
" but tbat the Que^n and her 
" advisers may have et^ery poe^ 
" sible Qceommodaiion,^ rapidL 
'' and frivate inlerviewe with^ 
** each other, focilities for the 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To TH« CidiL (^ LlV«mO0L« 


''^itreii/ ^^rm^; %rA comfort of 

^4ik QiiArfc Aip^^; It bUft tx^n. 
'' ttiekidiiidi thiitlilielibvae^f 
•*«lp T. Tt^wWtt, in e6t*on 

gkrden, to ot>en ^ce behind' ibk wHter^ is m> rilimtcid ss thiril 

<ato Hdiiae oT liordi, trin be 
^'iet^l^'lbr tb^^^ifdosite uie 
''^^'h^r m^^ltr. tliere & a 
-^^Mt at r i hgi e i^tr^6e fdr tfato hoille' 
'' tldfa^^FtorlMliMt^pl^u:^, Hid' 

''Ho ii(o -^ftrtwe of fcorth^ Inkd 
'«'^&He ft4a dtM ^ tfaetr kml- 
'' ihifM^ House, ii ' htts the mddi- 
''^tioitd «dffttttti^ iii h^hkg 

'^ to the silly ttiHTlKM dHmt 
ilMi t^tty ^oft^H^ und the m^ 
fMtty, it a^p6&h to be ihei^y 
id&lmrd^ tO'^Mt follows^ 
''^Ifl^ flt^ tdld tliat n6 histHie- 
'^ tlonft hliVd bi^^ii ^tM iomi&e 
'< f»«urtti5(darMebikittodititfils i6r 
•''*il?P' Wol^itWoAl^lftirttes 
M^l^ ai« the Idng ftifdtt^e 
«tf6&ti. '^d( th^ king Will 
ijot b6;tHbii& U i U^ft» c^ts^; 
add that tk^ Qbeeki >;HU be 
fk^, if iihe b^ aHV6, b equally 
<a6ai^; ko thit if ^^ eoald be- 
It^Ve tbii MuQini&to^ of Ibe 

Qaeett, nir aceonmodatioas «n> 
pTeparittg' for b^ Miljesty in tbe ' 
bovhri 8tlt, it is added, that b«r 
Itfajesty n^ to Imve g^HcAle 
\aparUkitkt$in Ae hoase of Bif 
iThonss Tynrbllt; iRrfaicb, A<s 
k!ordin^ to the destriptlon t>f 

When berldajcsty is once in H> 
^be will be coep^ op and <oom^ 
^letetyacffHSar^tedfrom eteiy Ht^ 

¥Ui woald be a very ptttty 
iHtk indeed^ and such t am t^ 
«ttte tii the Mght 'HMoaritble 
«nd Noble Ifoase of lionh'wtil 
ii^et striferto'^e j>layM. 'It it* 
tfi<:;oitrt that her MfttestyWiH* 
iiM^ to be. 9fae tvfn want no 
sei^et mtorviews. She wilt 

ty ^ISl in gveat measnitodt^peml 
lupon berboing' in Court ddrittg* 
the wftofe 4f the Yrid. Thia 
fooli^teUoW s^cfmd toimi^fie* 
'Akt the ^weh tisk& las a/a*^ 
tb be ))«^ittitted to W%(i ibe 
C6tiri ^his ^wrtd be * pnPfetly 
llth^lBde^! Mb other person 
^tkn be ttYed tti hW tbMato, Un« 
lesi{ ih Vait&bte cases ho dboOse 
to b^absi&nt; and in iii&As not 
bidlable, nbless bo/caHhofW 
found. It h the nttSdiibW 
right 6f eveiy t)Oilion l^ift tipbn 
iTrialtd be ^er$onahy pf)0fetot 
atthntTHU. Nothing 101 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


A60tWT 'B, iWw. 


4feBM| of tbit Aght Vd t>efson 
€f«^ in tha fftquisitton Wits ever 
<!iMuie«m)ed iidtbMt being 
lirb6g:fat hitr tlM pfresetiee of 
Che' Iiit|iiiiIloti« 

Hdr HajIMjr wilt gv !• A« 
Omff'ta be JAM16. Mihe Wffl ft»lc 
no leinre. Shef Wtlf go doWft, 
Md enietmtthee Rdya! enthMce 
io he mnre. It'wMl'be time 
enottgh <bf iiei^ tb t&to^Aiiik da 
Ab Mli§ert . WlM the dfltota Df 
the House come aixi XhtiM her 
huk wMi ibek^ stkves^ ; but (>e- 
jiitaB tiAt ibblsarlhii^tod bot^ 
Tfble to he^ tbeogM M; sueti ii 
{HMeediii^ wtMiM 'M-dMe'pfo** 

kit iBfbk udtAtm ^ tte k^ity 
MlktYid g«!ligo« agsjdsther 
itraieoitrt/hit6 WUi^ii she wsiA 
Mf perlfaHted 'Yd'^fhief. ttei^ 
CottttM wOtda be ibstntcted, 
WHbMt acntbt, to sajr th&t tbey 
MUd lia!«e Mttifa^ b>^ 6d wMi 
sndt b i>nieee<Rxigr'Md' fheti 
what "Would Wtbl^ lete of tiMi 
Tfirt ; or,^ fkdiet'. ^rihfer tfAig 
Wfaf <dt WdUJHM caMed dn W 
4erlfa4t ti&ib^^ Ybe calomiHa'L 
iM% eflielr'lkaj^ty ai« making 
Teiy ttfMct6tD' )MlbHs to Y6fto' 
iebt tkkd dbuft before Vbieh be^ 
Majdity tef^b^ tried ataObtcH 
^ Aeli^. They speak of i 

Cmtn ^ ParliamenP. WeU, 
Ibeft, itbeibg a ee«n ef Jvstiee, 
the^ aee^sed fNifty has a tight l9 
appMrlll Ubs pelsoiivMMitt 
Ma figbl b^ deitie* h^,him 
can itbe sM HM she^hasiMflb 

n IfVfe MimMd 4«Md iHreff 
ttpon tbi»lofiic;bee««fte, 4f IheiPtt 
be any Mihori^f belengbi^ to 
Ai« «bo4re IM&ssttge tMtk Vk6 
€oiiriet*, there isi<easoti t0 be* 
Ke«^ tbit a vo^ Ny ttw w aflteet* 
ty wni vriee «i^n 4»«lb^e Ibe 
TM shM begta) Mi eTlhts 
diilbulQr It la )rig4i Ibet tb# 
pthWt sbMld be IMty apprised 
be#cife«'haMl. '-''. 

Let-lbe MW tMf to tooCber 
su eject J ' MUHe^f * tiie lafts^Mtge .. 
bmde bie of 'te the aae^pMri 
gWie» by bet Btti^y^to the adi 
dMNM wUeb ba^ei been pre^ 
seMled «o ber>, aibl whieh ao^ 
iWoH, w4tb the eiceepiMn^ eC 
thoee^te Pl i il uft and NofOn^ 
bam; aK^ eblMed^ to 4lbe hppto^ 
batiolif of the ptiMie; abd cer^ 
tahi it is that they bate feeeit^ 
ed-thstapprbbitioii. TfaAtfliey 
hflt^been eAcatw^ns ts tery 
cethdtt, firobi the -latignagtt of 
her Majesty's ^(aebites. Th<M 
Wbo had^theb)Mienes9 16 say ib$^ 
bermijesty ought to it «i0b^ 
fM; end wba faM tbb diabolieit 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


To THE fiA||L OF hfVt^OOt. 


be nmd^ a^ Martgr, if sbe ^oidd 
not W.pcowMto be crimi^i^; 
tbe$e in#xi- reprobate Une, aj^, 
«weE« of jUie 9u#eii ; |tii4 wbo 
c#n doubi ^t thai reprobat^m 
ii a pjTA^f j^ thaii mictrit } . 

It is said, by the Courier, that 
tk99P anawcMO ace ofileulated ito 
pspd^^ee mmihitf amoogii.tbe 
fif opl^ Tbii ia the old accusar- 
tifp^ :Wbich baa been pre(smd 
agfio^i ftvery , thing that haa 
b|»(Ma pufalidied in.order le pre- 
v^t /ihoae calamitMi . mkler 
wWch. the peopto are now 
•Unggluig lf>r.existoDce. Her 
M^^^y UmioI^ tbe people for 
their attachment to ber, she 4^** 
^larB«^ Ihat she i^ianooent.; ^he 
dedacf^ that, sh^ will maintaio 
U^, rigilit^a: 3)40 fiomplnins of 
baling proseeutedopopi evidence 
oojlpeled. in ^ d«|rk> ,^n?e3r^d 
in seated Jbqgs^ esayiiiied Jty a 
iieci|^.roiAautte^0^o0iaiiig ^roitt 
witAfs^es whose panfs she can* 
jHi^ ol^tl^B, relating, to pc^t^- 
0^ acts a knowledge of the 
sepneii of whicb is denied bef> 
9>^V^&K i^ ^'^ Bill whiohf 
upon . a loo^ a(>cusation^ but 
p., positive sentence, of divorce 
to ,^ first pj^, and then, of 
ever\i^ting infoinj. illf^r Ma^ 
jesky eiqpresses.ber ,wdigv»^^Qi> 
«^t tb|s,t, |JI|^ loalls it. arl)itrary. 

1^ i^alfo it UrapificaL .p^l 
wicked Queen,! She has, s^ 
the Cpurier^ '' been induced tp^ 
*' abaiidoatbe<iecvorous.&iip^t^, 
*' of ^ acctts^ fi^i^ale/'.. Im- 
pudent hireling! "De^roushn*- 
/'milityl" ly^t; arenonel^t 
the gujjty ]U> he bold! Is the^ 
Qfi^ei^to ii|d«re eifery thing t 
Is ^e ,hunbty • to; crawl b^r^ 
h^raccusemt Is ^he not to dare 
to echo the se^imen^ of thoae, 
>ho feet indigpfttiop at hef; 
treatment? ^ 

This same >^riter^ has observe 
ed that the (Jyueen oaghtnot to 
yiiifythe co^t^j/bre^e TWa(^ 
ButthatjQOttrt^ Ipl^t beremem- 
Veve^t')^ ^^ ^ accui^r now^ 
9ioA it \Mat.beforA fh i^rurf, pn^- 
daimecl )^qf Ito .th^ worses aik 
abfi7idQ9^d ifiuUere»9i at th|9, 
same time i^,}i has refused her 
aljl- knowledge of thf» witness^ 
tl^at are to prove the, adultery^ 
and 4ibo .tl^e kfiowl^dge of tl^ 
pla<^s where it is aaid to .hf^v^ 
Uien oommitted. All this is^e-; 
fore Trial; aed>. therefore, her: 
Mcyes^y^ is^^fompel^d to spei^k 
fcjefore Jn^ TJlpe /people ex- 
press their difapprpbationof aU^ 
this; and surely her Msyesty 
ha^ arigiit to join thcp in sen- 
timent. Her case vfoold be, 
hard indeed if she were ootnpel- 
J^ hold her tongue, while- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


AuMst 5; 1«W. 


hkt' judges - pi^aim her an 
aibiillei^ss; ' and ' alto proclaim 
against her a tfsntence'of d^ 
gradation and infiuny. 

Since therd was such a love 
of secreejr, why ocmld iidt the 
\m; if biirfhete nidst fae^havd 
been kept 9eertt too ? ' Why 
cxMddthfs not have been kept 
ifiect^'aS wen as Mie rest f It 
night have been brought in 
lUth do^ed doors. It might 
Ute 1i>een kept out of printi It 
might hare been kept secret till 
tbe Trial began, at*any raite. 
What was the mottWftHr making 
Ae' flW'pilblrc, fbr *bbzoiriiig 
tb»"dMrge of adultei^'all over 
thtmoAS, I shall' ndt pretend to 
Mjr; bat It wA very evident 
tbartb^ effei^ #oiild be^terly 
W^iroy herWajeitys reputa^ 
«MJ tefmihe t^iei, if the M^ 
MsgsftfoBS of the ^^ Were be^ 
lieviid'^by ther peopli^ at large. 
TIlBs efMt' has nbf befan pro- 
dtteed ; f^ pieople hate not be- 
Heved' the allegations; bat, 
that tf r fcum a t aAce by no means 
daprifes 'hir Majesty^ of the 
4|ffar^fMsi4^vessiog*ller resent- 
■i^iii^agtttet thbs^ who hkve 
bli«i^ht Ibrward the BiH, and 
her ind^alion a% the staler 

Cbiiri^r wo6M*4iavia Ital Mi^^ 
decotou9 hMmHtiHf of 9k a^ 
cH9ed female, but etery body 
else wodld have called it> the 
cowardieo' of censdMs guilt: 
This her Majesty taw, to besave. 
Id her aaswers'to^ 'the' Addressee 
sbe^ is pdying batk'the (huncrs 
of tke-Biil. Her Aft^esly pays 
tbemAoaeslfy; bat they having 
ohlled her a Kceatibus wotauMi 
and an adulteress; she has yet^ 
great soop^ btfove siie will faave^ 
paidtkemittfeU. - ^ ' 

^Letii^be observed, 160, that 
what her Majesty says upon the* 
sfkbject is actually drawn from 
her by strong invitations fronr 
th^ people. These Addresses^ 
are not things •eoeked vip by the 
lielMpittleS'of Bof6ughniongers ; 
by ^Hio 4vildldied crelttures who' 
Hve'by^'pubKo extottfta; but 
; they come epontaneously Arom 
thb |ieop)e/and in almost etery 
cltf» m opposiKon* to the on^- 
torea ef her enemies Her M|h 
jesty has no tvad-^ealert to send 
about the country* She has no 
eomnissfoners, eollectors^or any 
other of the ti^bc^ <if tat-eaters/ 
at hSr cosmiand. She has the 
people; tbe unbiassed people. 
And it would be hard indeed if 
w4iAl the* «ll contains: »h%ha(ii|ot a jright taephotto 
TkarhmMM^ K^^ .nikt .^%Ahi f Mi ?«nV»nenU of thoj^ who feel a^ 
waiaiM> beett silMt w«W tra {t,tert^f<^her,ajiaadetestaUon 
lil lay b«fot3^iitfa^wOfM> thd ' for Mr eHeaoties. * « • ^ 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



tbtsQMen't aM«Wi (whieh b]^ 
the by ¥f411 mfjU a book before 
beMVfi^eiiy bfis d9i^) the fU- 

a^ted IQ ih».aoout«ft: '^Tbe 
u&fkkMifim 0t my MMueftAW' 
a«^pipoKeii by « ftoOftoikai) hni 
\m^ 9P«fftttRi Me n dadtef*^ 

iAe.iMCiofiaf pr^iptriiifM lU I 
wenldfiiareaiUiVNid. tt>> bMolm 

ll^goodoCafew; bnttbectod 
wbich I checifili is ibk of tba 

These s^otoents aie becom- 
iog in n Qpfieiii ,itnd. h«epjr 
wquU in b#ve beep br tV^b, 
oM^try if they bud Img ft^ 
beeo^ tiiil ^ni^iMinWof tfi^h^; 
00, rt4»er, 1^ ^ii^i^es qf biy 
acHi^fl*; Imt, I )iavo not ^, 
lUnaHftit doa^ ^\ tb« IffH^ 
QHteiiaiiis pvocisely ' Ibe snin^ 

to bave lent mjMit 10 tMHiaiv a^DtiaNNMsi wUb.^reg^cd i9,!%, 

did i pwpQ^eijf I >imfAl Adre 

la Jl$07pttMS fiH3|tMii were^iGigser 
tajiifiJieiaseAtf aqr ppurer as tbe 

BKSfUM oCfTMUl/llMlf ^mr.umr 

biUom 9M vhffi 4b0ir mbi^ 
ii« GMiU be! giaMM ^je.^^^ 

np^iSntbe aUac ^ tbeir seMsh-^ 
D#ss.«-^Tb«j| eite: wifdom wbwb 
k*lba resultal tmtm oCiteflMtion 
a«i oC MrfMrMuesL 4eacfa^ 
tfafit It oifi^t neter ko ^tv&iiit|r 
sa«^tMa4(r4bfi wnr^Hur vien* :of 
ai^r^ffeo^i lOih to.lbe ialsraattd 
pw<»el| ot:<.any :pKt^s , .Thai 
am^^>e»^ye ^acHy >if bkh 
kjiiMitoliiP my bMr^AbaUrbe tisi^ 
bte in 4fty cettdiict ; and I t^iU 
faction u only .^h^.a- 42iiP0i« 

fao^n, Ao •^hicb bprMhles^ 
ftisfiflrfip^lytr^ tlifil.tUa 

ikp^D, ;iN9biAk/inp|M>rtslM#i^ 
miea ^ tbe..Q|ae#B, kfa Apig^ 
<)l^erated Mlk» ^ , .4^1whwm» 

ai iNM^H>f^^y t «4 :>» n Iw^ 
days^ « l(o.i^iiirillsM)^iH% wi«M^* 

rates. .}4 is this flW|teiH?rflffs 
tiiMNt:baa.b«s#D woife a0N9fi(,. 
thf? Qiiefip.^ U iSol*ist#y« 

viU^iA^us^WONrm th^.:<js.#4(bi« 

pie<bm;all i^jefortff^ wm^d 
tidflu st^ng ftwsy itii v^m 
li^rl's<«|d^.:^iid,;Mii«« '.<A 
^injQ^N^ J J4ii4 ikk^9mk!A^ 
kM (KMv^tiMmi^cloJ^jecl ktf 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


AfJOdM 5, IMd. 


aeted ilmk 

MMoM H^MTta ber wto^UM^ 
llMt' R w« «Mid Ite oMnD 
wMM look^ ipiUi>ai!hope «f 
WliCfft • 

fisf lo became amiiittnuiieiii in 
the hands of .this sordid, worm, 
night havo shared with the 
wonnitl tb^ ft^Hs of its gAkm- 
lugs; iNit niih Mril 
QpooUs oUfimii^l^ l^^t is, to 
say^ to destroy erery thing, th&t 
would not be the partner of its 
Alifiidatfbni^. Itcr^ Majesty says 
alM IriH DOt lia luJf^m-Qmm; 

|ler enemies jsccose her of 
'^Jlffin^ from the nohilily and 
gtntrfdf thigfixMlf* Sbemnst 
hm^ mm^ HmU be«ir# ate «y 
frpn fliett ; i^Ml s^)ir«^ly %iMci 
of them has placed Jiiquelf i4 
a sitoation foV tier Majesty to flj^ 
#6iir Ihkk. Scarcely a itoair of 
Mmh Imb' appvoiitled liir>»* 
TJwy haT^ kept (rqmjhex a» th^ 
herd keeps irom .the wppnded 
deer« They looked upon ber a$ 
Mutetf titX ^Ut ttiin and d^ 
sfcaotoij Tii^isaw ttel 
JftVislgrff Uka ibejtrav^Ue^of ofA 
had bUen amongst thi^ve^^ and 
they, like the haughty Levi 

^dttM dp tbeir 'hoi<j tf^'d' tepit 
<teir stotrtjr'giiy^il^'rtlwrljpiai 

«idei of Ite way. Biul tli«:fte«p<<» 
like Aa good SfflMrAla^tft bound 
vfiiier wtm»ds,:pMti«gf in oU 
imdMofe I>f>j$ailieGoH>olMi 
liar ttmtfim oi«lit «# krv^ i»» 
teogbly ijflPrftB» er> doas il wt 
ar^lihey who ant tj/jfii- 
bj the gmd ftMaHlio 
wdgbinat to (iathe ot^^ds af 
her afTection ? Tba.ftotby Cimi- 
aing fit ofca ^i ii jhia atdknA Hffec- 
jfiar imr JUti^^^^ Mm^ n 
not <>aa <t»ni8Km i IftdHHwar isi 
England, wbt> Q^i% not* ,a^ 
wtedbes doi» ^twid t^igrfipr in 
hef ' Miiesiy> M t i m%\m ith^o 
ihailrtilbyjMiw ~. ^ . .; 

Thtowaa a.gfffntjmistaka^n 
tba ilaei oC IM J^obiijity, ^d 

x«Ha ItaML Tkay Mide tMn- 
aalaas im mM id what ww to 
fdaoe. Xbatr JpAd- aean 
iboanelyes. so long o^aiploialy 
IhaAAtey appfft;haad#d 
nopoflsifalafeMiaiaf ^; Ki#Nip)i9n 
CaslieiiBagb^taJkd upMPai^- 
jfljent laiik^'ivb^>»caHf<il a 
ki^ 4tMy MbftrdiHof^trAh^^^b^r 
Maiestyfa dHm.i.was*. ,wi4i^. 
aHiagr hti^e'iMmdsUMi^lMsj.pas 
idi» ;SWil% iOoC^lMfl* 

imi& Tte^ baiie: iMiid> Ibat 
that drasion iwMcfc. w w towi^ 

; lAndjtIiegr. aMam* ^;tod 

liar mrfdtip 

Digitized .by CjOOQ l€ 


To THE^ Ekkh Or^*J[itVBltP06L. 


that the parties oordia^ mitim^^ 
as to the laUor, hM proitau^ b' 
ieordial nnioit.arto'tlM ItMmifrJ 
They have foiM^tbat tbatwhiofa 
Med to he *tlMnr a^iporti mad 

would long befoi:^; now h%ym 
iwe»id«ven icMi owr ;ihor^ 
What .in..e6iB|mitiom wiflf ihia 
bad the nobility and genttyii# 

WhMrnuide them tenth: tdaoMti loftf hirl WhilioMrgy^'rtiat 

oarstatementSy buf atfgnncMi^ 

•onr eoH^^laitfUAndOnr piayrai;) 
they have foand, tfftit evcni i&oii 
will fell thewi.t 

Wheii her M i^e^ iwi. a*^ 
rivad, it Vfm a «ubjaci oC teneiH 
latkm with many, that 4be mo-" 
Mity and gafttry kiapt aloof Droai 

''her, at fr flhe haA been infect 

'^lhllh»Ol«^iilalpl^w;' Witl^ 
me it never was a snbjeH of 

•tfegrtBt: 'f^ktlewi Uiat, 4br hei( 
oWn'sake, ts vIfM as fo)r the sake 
of thef peo^, it ^aa lb]rt«Dikl6 
thaVher Majesij^ reanMifed in «i 

'State' of ' «oiiiplete aepavalioii 
from tfait deddtiptioR^f pencils; 
who while; they never wodk) 

' have< been frianda IhemsaWw, 

•iwoakl have pf Evented her most 
•elfectuAlly fltMii having (Hendt 
in the peAple, andfitons having 
nlett t^esponfeebc^caaseM fiif 
greater 'seal, iwMoBi/ / talent^ 

' attd MiM^tMb thd naHdle 
body^of tiobiHtyaHdf^trJi^aU 

' lAkeft lOglelAien Awl; it is tniij^ 
.hMMrabl^ 40 aha eowtty t^' 

, paroftive <he mass pf energy la^i 
•of tal^t <h8{t>haB disii|taTBstbdly)jr 

talent Mv^ ihey^ xampm^L J* 
those which have been dfipfa?y(- 
ed in defence of. the Oueen ? 

It wa^ tbere£>cs,.(ort]vnate tifff 
her Ma^sty that* she wsisshaar 
bed by that'^obRi^ and gentry, 
01" flying from whom she is &o 
Msely acQU8ed< It was forl«p 
Bate 4aatl irespeols; bit! mdal 
fortuAhte b^auselby etcMt^ 
feeling ip thai class whichjiad 
be«A.d^Duif^t.j|$^jk( ppUtic^/it 
iplletted n>ttnd km the whole 
h&df of '«i^ 'peopW. *ir her 
9aiise had ^^en fhpoused by the 
w^jgf , h^T rujj^ would h^ve be^ 
eerMn. - The people w6uld oat 
have ^strrrtd'att Wh;'- Thiy 
woiilcl have looked upon her as 
njak^g cpmpiQp ca/i^i^ wilLh ^i 
ftk^tion; wMeh/faad so :o€toa be- 
ti^yed ih^ people,' kM whieh 

are it^s bitterest enemies/. And 

.t ' .: •' - • • .' ..M ,- ■■■ 

theyfW^u^d hftye fe^t yofyjUtJe 

-.;-» u^ 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

to lee/'lfcat botH lUrtii^ ftepi their hanib^sh^ W«8 iwm sdb 

)iloof1lmtf%eir^1l#4h0 greatest foUraMibetfr; I^rMi^bby with 

v4Mi^:*»f«*Wlpt^il^t^^ MMMJk-tl^ai M«gM«o 

HMui/I ^Mi iltm Mte «ia< 8H< 

iiiFiiiid'WitlW'l^fedld nor M- 

*MfM; afttfl^rtisailo^retlMit 

« feW iMekl^ ' ifl Bi%lattil > wovkt 

jttalrt^ a'persdd iif her great 

^<peffei>#§ tod lart l e tjtM rtHtig' 

^dhikly fihmprehkmi the^itaalibi^ 
'^104 eU'eoiMtaiiceft irf tlie oonii-i 

ti||^. Afid tiki Ab w«MM«oKd^ 

mBt&¥tT tbtti ifh^rMichMi retftknis^ 

W'teiy ' tiling iMit the '{mblie 

bfMMi atid the pfAUa 4sel}iig:| 

011 ^^ibirti latter ^H-^ieWcMi 

slaiietfB ef fa^ cae^'tireiict so w«li 
^cakitlated %d lAe a pbWMrfal 
- If hfk Majesty Had >«ltaciM 

herself to the Place-hunting' fat« 

tion^she would have been banded 

about to serve the purposes of mim^awiety, htfwey^^ bad its 

k^ h«r at*«dMiin«JB' fi/«M til 
"^MMriniiiatioii wiHi MfMeiiHio 
wWrenialwr ^^Mm^^lr^^ft^^ 
Mnti^' r^iMrfMbes'illirt obfiMis 

rengrH^iBiMf hni, aod SinsonM- 
tbjng^^l have fcrgotifrbat) RW- 
ita^) about ebsenrioef Uffih^fmrnd 
Mcric|r>:wd»le4hoiiiB caHwiMBgte , 
tbft AloMctfifvlwer^ luifbln^. 
'Wbaitigreat;am]^yl/«rbs e!i;. 
{Mrewed fefbaul poaiHMd jicefvcy. 
l¥hai a: dn»d tbeM wail list 

g^t access to her Majesty ! Juit 
as if it were in the power of 
these men to shut up her eyes, 
or mgkei^hc^r d^a^^ fr|^ uqeoip - 

ll^it^foction ; and then when, at 
last, she had served all their pur^^ 

poaes, her honour wou)d have 

■ * .' ' . ' J. ' . ,f 

,bfei^ ^*^K sacrificed at the, 

. alirine ^qC Hielr.ispl^phness. AslM^"?;*;^ **??* ,?«T^?»^"^ ' •"f 

gt^ -'%f[mi i^ ' it tnMe' tile 
'*'' persons oiit of doors*^ tVe more 
eager to communicate their 

i«aipia8.'sbai^^ba^dttAheihatidAv0fja&h|a most o^f«^. ^^%. Juifor 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To TWfi |!A|i%or£iriwoot. 


'HmmA. li^Mlht^ uMi^i ^ ^piif 

ki«li> fillllii ^tMhiM Ul WM M- 
t^p^mlBm ta fo Ate*%cU you 

|Mt;ii»d«a'0mat .aa fntaiy Id 

. ThQ iactiMi ilut oT 4>Uk^ ioWk 

look' like fjnciwfs^p 4owaixl$ 
her. It was observed that while 
the people of Wesipiioster were 
assembled to agree upon an 
address to hot. Lord John'RuB- 
^cU-aioodbMk ia C*iPMt Gar- 
den mp^n^r^t fhe €l^bl9lwe-(lta^s. 
I obse^v^ all throug^h that th^t 
gallant old Veteran, Mr. Tier 
ney, said much for the King; 
more against ttielUtinistcrs; and 
ikMteofe by m|^)ia«ioa agaittsV 

4)ie a^wP- |M»*:M>«^ ^W^^ 
iffMi H^ l^eM9tt» ]«|h9^ m^^ 

MMrinntoidt tln( ! kit Qs^wtttf 

F^fyuwn* ¥r* Ckfm(fyaa«di4iir 
-ilire^ mM *f* a^ »jr!*i««: 

iG^lml %ei|)PC9 itir tb^.lfaMhjtfsVN;- 

^Wt* ' ^ W^ ^^^^ ^tT^ i^^^ ^^^W^W^TF^ 

le Ike mm^ ¥4k^ t^^f^ 
llMl.l^r;«Qi IW Weg^ #f #M» 
and disinteroited men^ and fa 
IhbiiMell IMilffi Pf ^ qipin- 

Even Mr. Lannbtoii, whom re- 
port gave to me as the boldest 
and most disinterested of men^ 
was as silent as a mouse as to tlie 
cause of the Queen. He' has 
recently, I perceive, been calle^d 
upon to join in an address to her 
Majesty; and hto^dHned/fip* 
Oft 4tegiMiMU ihiA ilk# i^fiiUr 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


^rtjCVf T 5, l$9fy 


4tf'm^fMimi:fi00pfclfiJ^^L Jit 
-wai liie laiM, apct af .pec^ 
aooB, 1 l3!^liev9, 4bat arp tailed 
forth and compelled to serve 
In jtfae nUHia, luad wbo li|ive 
CMg^ ifi our atfluea aimI 4)&- 
viea, te the d«feoca of ti^iA 
very fMitpertji^ the pettMnon of 
whidi h»Jool» dpottf i H^poA^^ 
aa Ike iMilidatfon eT^faii litletto 
respeetaUlilgr^ WeiaMt^lMe 
ntp^dtlileiBep, tm«r.%4teHi 
thMttnd.of wb&m kiytdaad^ er 
hidedmg aftd gtoamtig on liie 
idd of Watefflooi? Dr «vafe 
thoae' of then only tet{i0tftaUe 
who had bunchat of gold or 
aUvar upotk ttmr thomldeni f-r-< 
Thia^'djatincitkwi Hr* lavfihtoo 
wm do well to. lay luuda^prat^ 
qaidLly ; for he BsAjyfnx, and 
aO of yao, nay be aMorad that 
the times ane not ineh -at. to to* 
koata Jtch diatiactiapi. 

The trvthf te,' hpwettf/ that 
Mr. Latiihton bad ballfer vmaotm 
A^ thh for dacltafiii« to l>fe 

fortmtalf for, ber Ut^dtl^f^^bii^ 
ihtm hava t^eea no aach pe^* 
sons, to /tbddress her, or to. go- 
near her. NfireHhelesSt tliif^ 
mark of diff ^|»eft to her Ma?^ 
jestar, which ]« ef t^ " foiPieit 
"an^er«" rcigard^ yi ja |ifar^ 
of disreaipeet to ,o«r yAr/^, 
ststafs, and daa^tjen;^ ^ 
mark of disrespiect on the^Qfijrt pf 
thi^ ^Coorjar's Nobility and. (3^ 
try^ .has aipakaned i^./puit ^ 
epqniiy,.^ !w». MM^JW^ fl% 
papple tp a§kj yrho andc.^j^ 
tbf ^ JNp^iU^, and Q<!Bt^ m^ 
apd ho^ they ^acfjoire and 
w^nce they, define tbe,9^«y 
of exhibiting so mach spJendQ^r 
and magnifiQencef This Stjtlffi' 
tion is ftTai>,|iatYunaone^:,f|^ 
sinc^ an uiswer^ ia c^iM pK^]^ 
the people, and deaianded^^t^> 
by the canse of be? ]lfa|es1j|^i|Jii 
right that it $Im^ fewi^{|n 
answer* , •. t^ / -i ' :: 

This an^i^er ii» I api to)4f^,ap- 
tually ptepanaip ^^*9f^ gentle* 
men*doabtlati well ,attaU0ed jbr 

(^aeailpand agaiD^Iadly Uiat it is 

the addra^pera of thp t|ie task, who maan ^, ^^;Jd^it 

9. list ottfae Pearsi^ including^ j|}ie 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

Itl Ta THE txkX 

ibgk'R^^Yend th6 Bishops^ 

and' shewing' (as fir as hiitAan 

ibdustty cto ascertain it) 'itll thcr 

dfll^Ces and ofther fMngs of a simi' 

lar hattife tfndf tcndkicy crf^ercry 

P^er'ancHrfs'faiAffy; Tfrisisfo 

tta-'cfeH6d,t arm told, " A Pe^p 

•^ attfie ¥b6rs } ori tfie Peor|)le's 

*^dr©erf Bag-/' Wis iitid thai this 

WMPDttle woA ^11 to fbrffr- 

^tAing in> thd ooraf^ of next 

\k&A V add that it' Vtlt bb a^Td 

lat^at>ct<^trtiiifc; in ibedfonce, 

Vf fivUt vMi6\xVdUohhyitts,Xht 

l^iikafifs'tSix A'6t3, win enttble the 

*' foirer ortffri" ^ id possess 

\jiOW\edg^i{\lHe sniR'denfof the 

"'i^rotinds otlfici superioVit; 61* the 

'ftjffeef orders; and thi» yob ^'lll 

flfoW" is" a very' Wrtil Jrpecies of 

^^^ie(ig*k ' 'T%ls itt^^^ work, 

' VtWh I wffl Ventdre to say wHl 

^t4r' c^^ttensiT^ hi saf^ to' the 

'^ftteact, W»' b^'utefal \ti va- 

rions ways. Out of etl! comes 

'1^. ^ Ahcl this'iV'dirfons^t the 

-^bd mtg^ whiWh' Swili have 

'^^iitei i^uedd' *^ irie piDfecu- 

' *ori of^ihe 5Wefefl, 'ani 't)y her 

' Hi^esty having licou' treated 

OF LiVKitPootr VM. 

wtUi tosoleDt dMbb^V ^b^^ 
whose'doty it ifTas to llMk atoond 
her amf to prot)so» het at Umt 
tnkoi their fbrtanea and their 

Tki» work liriir he foUbWeiTr 
if oeeeMiary, by aiioth<^, gfrring^ 
aft icoiuitt, somewhtft siiliilar to- 
the otte befbra-m^nltoiiedj oT 
tte , MotiGNMbiaf CMtfeoteA 
'^'inrAm dimr:*^ Awl whea 
tbio pikbH^ ari in posrfetfsioB oT 
tethv W0«ia]r say io like pvessi, 
^'tUcnt >hMt 4«fao thjr dutytr 
Tilei» rconioB otie s^liyod <ff 
eong^ratulatioir, aiiol dial is, 4hct 
KdrSfa^l).haB Mocaed hdfstK 
frodi'tke canhrttnloi Idwyets. 
This is Tody nhmKest, itom the 
ebMge'ia-'fhe lah|:tiagot of h^ 
lansi^eit Ao . addi^tsaes. The 
answernAMi 'Was gi\'eii to Ibe 
fi^[Ue of PiMott ; aod that 
.nrhkh'VnAagitoa la the people 
of NottiigiMM, wei:e the frtniDf 
"Jiat-MdnNr^ iwJuch iwOtiki havo 
pwhad h^off to the €oiittaoiit 
4n <i jmM, edvored witii ffaU^ 
ifeid>aTopatation tottrodwiUi 
inlKtiij'. Lawyers ate siod always 

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teVtfbfeirtMd polkkuMw Them 
4ii« a thodBand nMiuoAft wbjr tiiey 
shooid besa in otf oMesyand 
par^oal8rl;f ifr^casawliere pcK 
4ilMl pdw^r is'tf ^ntingpent 
prize of thenrporsiit, EogpUnd 
his beea btbiig^ttoi it'a pfeaest 
«Ute by lieMttitaiitpreTaletiee 
<ftl^WyetB^/wkg>sm rety babHs 
aielMttie ter IreeiAeiii, Tlieii* 
reaiedies ate al way« of tb^ f^r-r 
o»e B«rt« Th^ never, depend 
utfae maUefii define upon the 
• lof» of jtlKt pe^ipji^. . ?o»Mv^ 
mamamilt 4hw te§*^^ and pbe- 
HieiMa k te tediOiewwi/wiai 
Ihear, only .iii., lbe^ tl^qo^ of 
fimshttooti /Shey ate tUkei un- 
lit tO'Tcall.fortlu.tJWgy a^dto 
pcevrnt dJlafii^^o. They are 
fit^tadthim; iMt t^ ptwa*,. 
andiaU tbek «cim^ef Qf policy/ 


^weU as in: their w«Mrds ; oempuW 
aiflm « their nietto> and when 
that fails then^ they drop as in 
an apoplexyr 

la a case like that ef (ha 
Qoeen tbey were the most o»- 
fit of all maiddnd to give advice, 
in this case every Ibimg defiend- 
©d upon feeling. The people 
cared not a straw ahoat techai- 
calities and forms. Substantial 
iwtice was what was wanted i 
nod, in ^acb a cf^e^ a grain of 
coliiQion sense was worth all the 
4to4iiisitk>n in the world. Who 
di4 iH>t see that if the Qaeen 
b^ gf 1^ from this country she 
¥m r«tfied for ever, aiyl th^t the 
^dm»f$ of her ruin would hajre 
bee^eQonyioiisI^' rewarded ? Yet 
ii'jf$90t for me to jqflge very de- 
cidedly cif the motives of. ih^ 

mt upon th^. extent to, which: irjiose pojfcy woiOd have sent 

they are aMe to .flwrry pvpisb- 
T1mn«. «10 ,ex^pjlioii9 

ftoatw pert they .are,Ja^their 
politics destitttte <^: all AeMng ; 
^ey are hard in their acts a& 

h^arjiac^tothecooti^j^nt; and, 
I <}o nofcsny tl\^t the lame^per- 

woogii ^hM . ae im^ugU ^aU, ^ns: would not ably defend her 
other dasses ; buW for, t)ie faf af lawyers ; but, I must say and 

^repeat, that I am happy to per- 
eeive' that her Majesty's affairs 
are no longer under the exclu- 

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To THK Earl n LivtRPOoL. 


^ive uwBijpMBeiii of lawyait. 
To iha mdviee of lawyers mt 
•liafo <to .aaeribe every onifvie 
step thai she has taken, «t aduy 
4iaie of her life ; and certaiti it 
4Btbat at every siege faere- 
tofos^ het advisers ImVe riaou. 
-ia fpreciiely the sane degree 
^lint »h» has fallen, in 1818, 
miat erltieal period of her Ma- 
jesty^s lli^, I entertained Ae 
same opfiH^bi'witll regard to ^r 
having layers ftrber adviserB, 
that I entertain now ;• and in 
speakmg of the dsfnger td whfeh 
she was Aen exposed, and^wdidi 
danger was aritieipaled -by ne 
' with bot too liiiich coft^tiiissa^ 
' I made tise of ihe fSHowinjr 
words/ which I now repMI ito 
the hope that they still nay be 
of some Use to her Majesty s-*^' 1 
' ' •** camiot i^ain fcom ^presrin^ 
''''my hope, that tfa^ PtiiiMs 
''twM hot resort ib ktwffei^s Wi 
*^ advisers.- Her case is too 
" plain to 'rfequire, or 16 adm^t 
" of the ase of, subtlety. Ihjpa 
*' far from supposing, that the 
" gentlemen of tWbar are^ in 

"^ the sMaUeat dielffee^ lets b^ 
^ neat, lend 'AeysnsMtinty»iS»i 
^lily be iMre acnte anddiftr 
" priMmtiag"UHai Ibe nsssaoT 
" man. BuS: wHh . foil as iHM^ 
'' honesty as tffUm mePi ^an^ 
^ wHh irresMtf «MMea«f Jttdg- 
<« ing rigtitfy/tiMHi idlto the 
" lot of men it 'gpasnral^ Jhagr 
*' Wfe by tto igeaHs io be' pi*- 
'' fbtred where feM0et,or jmIM* 
** ctAfMhoer, mgiy ibtertafacthem* 
'' selves With tlie matter iniiaes- 
*^ tion.^Other«iM are^^iposed to 
'^ bat the one ^Id, v«i)gar species 
*' of tempUtion, Ae yieldlnff to 
" Which beaomesviilble srtonee 
'' to all eyi^s; bat, ttieBevUb^a^ 
" in ibis country, iuoh^a dhoice 
»of bait8i"Wkett ishtayfar i^ 
** lavi^er ; iM* has them of :ao 
*' many sims^ adapted j to audi 
« a variety of sw&lkmp atod^of 
'^ tastes^ and bas,'iii 'every. case» 
^ such readf meaib of nesdy 
^' bMing his hook, tkat> iritaA 
f' he cfaooi^ lo set in eaiftiMt 
'^ about M, I • am micfa sifraid* 
" that veiy few of these f#a- 
'' tlemen escape him/* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


AViivW 0, ihm.' 


I ihall tmft^Ae by ohsetvmg, 

that I by no neans soppoae that j^f^eD him more fame and more 

to be the Qwtn'^J^uigat has 

LtLmytn are not wanted in her 
]Hi^tj(^a> ««i8e ; 4hM,I perceive^ 
wttt gi^ptoasmrc^ thai fth^ ha$' 
a Tery t^alons as wdl as a&le 
advocate in Or. Lushitigtoh^ 
and thiii i have n^doubt ihat^ as 
iar as law goes, all her Lawyers 
wiH do thek^ doty like men of 
bonoor, and with that great 
alHlity which some o( them^ at 
least, ate well luiown.1o pos* 
aess; to if^hich I will jost add, 
that yoor Lordship and your 
coHeagnes mnU be blind as 
moles, if yOu lotfk at the North- 
em Cireuit and deriva no nse- 
M leasoB .from the bcty. that 
Mr. Brougham's berog kn6wii 

profit than it waa in the power, 
otyott aAd your oaUeafaea to^^ 
give him,^ by any titles o? dis- 
tinctions' tha\you had it in your 
power to besto^. We find that 
ladies travelled , many mttes 
froor home to' see. the Lauyc^^ 
of the Queen: ' What would'* 
they do if her Majesty herself 
were ^io take a tour^ «| I Ippe .. 
she will, through the kidgdctoi f' 
Leavings you and yoilr col-^ 
leagues ta answer this queStipn^ ' 
M your n^t gri^ cabinet 4ip- ^ 
^, I cematn without, furtheir 
iceremMy, ;^ <^ 


Digitized byCjOOQlC 





I perceive that obstacles 
are thrown Jn'ttie*^t^{iylli'miin5r 
of Hhe. inywn^ sixid: ^ikm vifimx^ 
Ihepaople y^lsh tp udd^&pB ^ 
Que^n. The Six Actfi pjhid 
you to meet out of doors ; but 
you 'may draw' up ad^resseis; 
8^ ttieitt frdm \khi$6 ^ housii 
OR iheels <»f pafien rwfaicfa. may 
af laat be iftdced on 4p 0%ck 
other^ ,aiid forward^ to the 
Queen,v througli the hands of 
aMy Aiend in llonddni If you 
Waift tm Matiairii^es/tSlieiilb, 
.|i9i4 t4i^utenan|s« or Parsons,] 
call you together, ^|qn may 
wait lon^ enougn.- A'ou need 
BCH f^niBolt TWetabefs* W^Parira^- 
nedt, br'!wasi«' ymr^^ Ibt 
letters- to them. Any,•.of/^^^ 
can forward an address to some 
trusty li^r^n ip ^o^^don ; or to 
Mr. Aliiferman Wood himself, 
and it would be sure to be pre- 
sented. If it should be regard- 

ed as seditious or blasphemous, 
to draw up or sign an address 
to the Queen, it may be dan- 
gerous ; but you have the com- 
fbrt to know, that you cannot 
be banished for the Atst oflence. 
However, I advise'you to write 
and sign and send addresses. 
Do you your duty to your 
Queen; and you have in her 

her^ ponduet ft> ciiKckiitlpr^f 
tthM your Queen jsvill do Ifer^ 
duty towards yon. They may^ 
balSish' me for blasphemy, it 
|fh^ waiVMt I itedal^4§s^ 
tindflyllbat I iioHt^ilbal^^Oo* 
AlMghty* has senf rhef h6fe 
je:cpressly ftp? our good, and- 
that we ought lo pray"(or her 
Hfe ani health' W«li * Al' pos- 
jfliCMfify . awl; itsVencyj 
ar» the , 4pf^ . yf^^ 
have b^en/perfomjed by wo-r 
men '^'but 1 am greatly deceived 
if hny deed 'ever surJiaiSfeia' ther 
d«e4s^^iit bwfe IfaeenaBd^wiii. 
t^p^sforini^)!] be^iyia^ty. . 




'J ■ 7 J' ' ■"• ^^ : ■ ;; ' '• r 
i do not think it prudent i(y 

jSlay any thing upon this iob-^ 

jl^ct, though' k is IbecotM' teh^ 

ii^^jresting^ . :; ,!• 


There is a letter of a Lady^ 
in the Times Newspaper, pro- 
posing to raise, by subscription^ 
money to buy a l^%rvice of Plate 
for the Queen. " This is a most 
laudable proposition. The Wo" 
men ought to take it in hand ; 
and, if they do, I will engag« 
for its success. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


uHbovsT 6,laet»^ 1-') 


l^'l ■ 



' ilfineiirlif extiipwt. ;T)^f qpp$e- 
^jnence- Deoe^sai<i|ljrr.>?e&ul^' iSrom 

.^l^at «fi e»feM^n©^ip«jB^ld 
JiBW^ p^otlU ;$eJUish, mogw^i, 
^iiSgra94J4»Qi?|St. Yes; tlip d#)>Jh; 

3^; f49c^e ".tev^ .deteoM- tliel 
Sollomiest of th^re pmtenstwa* 

«Mi!ak0Ui;expefiteaK;ys aadd)^ 
^f^ iinw Mew c^y^fiipf)^ ^C tw^ 
AmumMJ; firinqiplps. I^iMi- 
MfM^bniiB #baw*i tbM'^^ (mo 

ante. They, are firmly ^oflnjim^; 
ttit ft» Wt^ ^i%fii Hot' a stiNiw 
lie% f^%te^)>^in<aiAcs of titrnia* 
«ity atid jtitfiioe Ittay be'vi^- 
fcit^ pM^idtedr tbaX bk -oWu 

'vt0^^f^«}rbist parCy^ ..ave oiot 4^ 
feedd^.'/Ni^'^no ifidt: iaWarin^ 
nackitilhet iiii>«r d0plo#abte wi^ 
tbedlily fif'flibid, wiH now gcve 
thifc feonflRDBtkarfty aBy^eoeditiit 
eitfa^K^ppUtgF flvtt^ wt^puH^ 

lrhs> ^lacartdrifttiq apAnt bf 
fgcdi^/aMikoaesty.batf toofti. 
elftuieii%s. disu^i^! <by/ tH^ 
Jlofrtk Ctawiyy WWgs.. Yfeheft 
lh€» faotlidaad iqppaUiiig;^ bkt^siio^ 
ry eC/ape&f;eableiaiid lQg;ai:«^- 
annbiyralMaqeb^tcc, lareiisod 
tfer BB4%xialiieii i 6L every 4t^ 
^fOira^E^kxl ^odimhard^bed'Bo^ 
IblmwD^ iBe pt^i^fAe ^ NefWt- 
'easUe ajKl. tlieu miigiibaiiriidod, 

prise and MBfnttibAbap^.ivli^ 
weeto, lK>ping^iHat the A^Kigs, 
tbeae p^sp«otabldi JnofldpoUeere 
bf. : ' iirtelllgeBea *: wpd Tirliwr,^ 
i»MUdr cdagvtgatb; aad^ gii% 
Yeni^tp! d)e;g«iieraL fiaetiBg' ; \mX^ 
ihey^vwi|itod 'la. vkin.'. JdiKap*- 
poiotody tilMgHnot diKcdnc^gvd, 
tba peojple^tAeitwUhbUt^tlfeif nr- 
«|ti»^Ma steetfon,.aad apW^pnU 

Icxj^ricssed *<heir -afahoitettcb* «f 


a> deconlm -aiki.' ^k^liiy. never 

surpassed Hy^any 'C<^uty meet^ 

Vag of the. "'lidbiJrtT, olciifyt 

gijniry aiML ffieehokleTy.'' ;ilfis 

Digitized by CjOOQiC 


Bask AMD iNiotSNT VThkis. 


grand esdiibilkm of piipatar! 
feeling was viewed by the real, 
fmitM witb j<>y mm! vxultatioiiif 
batU41led ibe WUgs^wiilitage' 
imlBBeribable^ Some vented 
.tlidir aBget itt wfmtlkm Ian-] 
gmge,^^henittv(rW9inae; irnd 
Iiiwhtoa complained bitterly 
tbai tlw p^le fwere sediced 
htm their '' Mtmsal leaders.^' 
And,- fnrtber, tb erinoe thej 
aiocericy and deepoesa of tbeir 
ditpteasnre, not one leading 
Whig-ill those paits woald sub-, 
iscribea fingle-peiiDy towardsj 
^leviafSng the fiUBeikfi of thej 
MaiM;beiteraiifferen,ort^ bring-; 
4fa^ctuel Violator o£the laws to 
Justice. Humanity was -of no 
impofftancttiirlten. pot in tompe-, 
titato with;Whiggeyy. • 

Again/ when a' 4itheriess 
child— —a childless motfaeiw«^a 
widowed wife — a persecated 
womanti-ao ifljuredQneen^bold 
inconaeioiis innocence^ appeared 
in the midst of her powerful, 
engaged and inTderateenemies, 
and stretched forth her Anns 
liniiloriBg the prolention^of her 
l>eef>le. When her eanse eti- 
jdently . involved the rights 
'0fmy subject^ the asBclity t>f 
marriage, and the interests of 
morality, it would naturally be 
concluded that the veriest slave 
of power would iMlignantly 

spurn the influence which ai*- 
tempted to seat fiis li^ oillws 
subject — thifi nd« Aian could re* 
press the spontaneous effusions 
of Mitui4 and of Ibeting'i^bat 
no man would basely forfeit the 
love a^Q^.c^tei^ro of his wife, hia 
daughters, his sisters, or hi& 
roist¥6^, ' ' by\ * calmly ' siiflbiing 
the "^latiiih of every female 
right ij[i''the' person of his 
Qu^een. Wetl, perhaps, the 
corruptioi^iits had their feelings 
and consciences seared-^they 
may be beyond redemption. 
But the Whigs — aye, the pral- 
%h^ Whigs, will mteiy save 
themselves from everlasthi^ in>* 
femy . — Oh ! no. What care they 
for their noble*h^atted Queen t 
What interest have they in the 
pure adiiiinishirtion of Ji^stieef 
What regard have they lfbr|h» 
approving smiles of the vif tadife 
part of the (air sex I. 'W4iai is 
loyalty, humanity, and national 
character to them? N<>, all these 
are as nothing to them, , if they 
would not open the portals te 
olBoe, *fi\9kce the public pvriia 
in their 1 hands, and gratify iheit 
insatiable )ust f6t : power and 
dominit^n. : - I 
Notwithstandihg ^he^courUy 

silence of Mr. Lambion, and 
the ridiculoi|s shiftii]{gs of Sir Af . 
W. Ridley in FaHiamefit, y^Q^ 

Digitized by CiOOglC' 


Av^ti*t*>4Wy. ,' 


to cxpwaj? l^detv bop^ti^^f) 19HM1 

^Vk^^ fV9*M W*»STJ*md 
to tiie addceas .^bich^i^ \>f^^ 
pr^tsepted to the illusj(f|pDs <^fr 
ferer. Darin^^thiii f^ ^preft* 
sioa 9/ putdic opioioii^ t^u pf^Ur 
lious p^rt^ **?94;. ^!^l off.-^ 
When ijiJj^t^, *^ Jpi 1" . , faid 
they, '/ we would bave^. nonob- 
jection to ^n an addro^to b^ 
Majest^^ had i^ proceeded frpfl^ 
a regfeetahle, quarter/' The 
yjle slaves ! And ihe;^ woiiUI 
jus^fy i^ldnesB and H|diflS^r^fy 
on a subje/ct tj^at lyiraraii^ every 
bonest )ieart in Euppe, bf <^u^ 
virtue lias becoin/d ^ fashion- 
ably amongst the ignorapti, Uif 
proud, and the interested* 
They, noble tfettOWs"! would 
noiterfiQ d^ gpf^d, ei^cepl^ Utre- 
Ipfi^I^.cDiapyMiy. Theytx^An 
^ no Mgravd for th^it uhfor- 
tuaate^neen, unless eotaMati^<- 
ii to do so by \}ie\v jr^Sfeciab^^ 
leaders. They are sheets of 
1&fanlc'pap^,qnt4ljMHn(^ re^peet- 
4^ kn^y» ^ia oiovod to inake 
ail* iMprMon npon them. Can 
tejr fbittg'''t)e conceived ,$0 ut- 
terly lo^y^andde^rad^d as* those 

ca9 «iqr^ific^ M^ 'm^^^M^.sm 

su^l%fiY^y.,ab0Bia^bto mW^ 
^^•fM*<4a^l% to w||ic!| .^b^, 
boww Jt i^nipriiea n#i^l W^ft 

lie .4¥rtj^^> f^w^^^m^-mi 

profM* of^sMclic js^nr^te wr^^fbe^ 
Were, Engfa^id pe^wM . n^tll 
«Ui* W»bte b^ingf^ 14 tlmoMt 
<pcc<a^fc ,^bjpi,. i«f WPiMiMft 
b^.w;orjli,a^iTi^»., -. '1 ,., t>ilt :. 
^ 9^^ po«v.Me»ta9dii|jfAhe^pillb 
fuUn^o^iarof^ivr/WlNgf^i ik^iilA^ 
di)^ QontfLiQaoffHiaiaain^ilbavi 
Jii^^.Am bofiiw tin tbfe^ilfrt^ 
gent,.;ii\dp«t|pu8, p^trioti^f^n^ 
yalHabl(|;P|iPte pf tb© popia^tioii. 
M W; Vb^. iw^. beien Jti^g; de* 
lu^fdr r)jirith ,tbe .(op^stvies jrf 
Wbiggery> joincsd tfieir .$pifi|«id 
tqwnsi«e^, c^c^rsin the wnsyk 
gipg^lV^n q£ tbe pcdl^ion iof 
la?\jri%M .rnpd}<^^ jind mvmUMis 
qf tbfi g^p^l* pfessod.lffrwArd 
t^ P|rpyft thut .tb« times, of 

.^ijkt,|fc>»petb, a ah94e|^,ba44 
bowed the knee to the borptiifb? 

* Ot aour»i, tho flergy ^ the «ti 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


Ba«E Al*]?feWi.H!*rW<bG8. 


___. _^ ^ - if 4h^MW«« d^sfari^tJdn>;;Chi4 

^f the petty viritffel»*e'1te<lWi^ 

gt^tfyrSMTMlflle^ ^"c thrti^ 

rtdltll«i^p60plep«ilirt«^ Uttnireh 
^<tl^f>i>liM«^. ' ir^h<>Dld; Tie 

( pybltoifrfeetin^; ifrbbr^ bf c<)ittr^ 
Tie>wtid tts friends 4*dtn*pre- 
fctttei'^tliowgit it wai clear>y:^iii&- 
ortlfeW'^HM *Ii6y Aevet fntwd^d 
%e «oa«^e ^t^i or to make m 
^^ul^^kms^aaHdnipt trntf^ the 
Jbsfm' 'Msh^ /IMi&on. Fenwick, 
»8qs«linhetfteaaitt|r^Wgi and 

tkmeerijQg^ ipKarest, treated ^e 
^jfed'^ iadiresmngi fccr^ lb- 
Je«y M^Hifte'^fit' Suptt^flfeoiB 
«i*ll«^Wpi. '• ^' " -* '' 

This, one would suppose, was 
irata;pattty qrresttofr. ~Tei'so~a 
i^; both parties seqw agreed to 
permit her Majesty. to be un- 

tion«./ ^T^iy are dnTy>5ttiv6 Sii 
coht6lidiii|g^ with • some ^paltry 
tdol .W-^tiflfce/ or at ' ^lectlo^ 
dfniiew!'* Awiy Hhen witli ftW 
dmigbrous ' aikk^i&neaht% cani 
bt fconci!iaitin5:»'the'W^ 
bi tirirtog^ttleiVieilds 6f Rerorihl 
The ^¥fligS ^W .^ Ve«i jte^ 
fonken^ ; niid -Ifence their iin- 
mixed 'hatredi^'direeted 'igkintft- 
H^c Radicitds; l^ctaiu^e they are 
tatMte:'' fifut this 1^ an ittiopl^ 
field/ ^hdff Will •bclipy tt'a^aiH 
itt'0rd4^ t6 irevieW the bblitical 
eendncttjf otkt leadiDg Whijg^'\j||, 
the4ibtt& ^ ' *'3L ' 

il£R M/UESrrVri3i£ at^BBlb 
VThe^MlbwiD^ Il^ddMSsMofthi 
Quo^J^a^ /]t)ee^ prQ%^4^filM» 
the Female Jnbabitaats ef.Nyt- 
tiDgham J — 


>f<'^M UuHkblfe AddY«ft^ol^l<b6 

,j^ FiMn#e.inhatAt|u^< ofi U# 

town of Notting^anR, Md 

"■ Hts vicini^l ; ' ^ , ,- 

" W^; your M&Jesty^'i itt6si 

4QtifiiI «tid loyal subjeotfr/ 1^6 

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»!yd*^¥ 'fl/l«». ^ 


Faniali^ Inhftbatftnt'^ of ^onlrr^ 
fmm, beir ItJave to eoti*^nauIate 
yoa cm ytxir safe firrixal m tliis 
f^nntry, alter so kirig* an ab- 
sence, atid to hail vou Qtfcen of 
these Kiii*rdofns ! ^ 

" Beloved as yoii Are by n 
^reat people, who have long- 
presierved for you a faitft nn^ 
shaken, we dare not botuit an 
iin rival led attachment; b;it we 
can ImJy *ay, that amidst thrs 
gieneml plow of beating hcarh^ 
Bone are more lojal, none love 
yo« bettt^T, and none pray of- 
teiier for yonr present and ftt- 
t«rt- Twppifiesa, t|ian the femabs 
of \*ottyr;thain. When yoti 
wen'^ fardi«*tant woTemerfibercd 
^the finhftjipy tbcilc ; and when 
the aceusers of your lionoiir rung- 
4« our eufd (as they foirdly 
lioped) the death-bell of your 
innaeenee. we never fur a "rao- 
. ment believed their slanders, 
but felt at every charpre, as we 
are sure we shall alvviiya feci, a 
njore than common indig-nation. 

*' You brini^ with you ,siich 
powerful recommendutions to 
protectmn.aif no ^enerons bosom 
can resist — your fallK*r is no 
more — your brother fell in battle 
— l!ie cKief solace of your cares, 
your amiable dausrhler, was 
sooti, too soon snatched away 1-^ 
and yOHT - ;2rreal protector/ our 
late veiicr^ible njoi|arch, soon 
■fbllow"ed lier • 

"All in whom the spirit of 
the duys of cMralry arc riot iit^ 
tefly extinct, nil who would not 
ifwiiiol<ite tl»e bt'it impidses of 
our nature on the altar of modem 
l>oticy, will rnlly round their 
Queen; and save her alike from 
foreign emi&sancs and spies, and 
doaieftie pcraeeotors. 

" We desrre to nsj^nre you of 
ofir ccntinifcd fidelity^ and to 
ejejiress a hope that" ere long, 
yon will ha^ti defeated the ma- 
tbiiiation!« of your encmteij, be 
re^tiired to a El the honours of 
yotiT iHeu^trions station, and that 
neither ^oa nor land wit! ag^in 
separate you from an admiring^ 
people.*'— (Signed by 1,800 fc- 

To whieh her IVIajesty rctm-n- 
ed tlie following most ^^radous 
answer I"*- 

'' 1 hJjnfuld be defident in sen- 
sibility if I bad mi felt the 
warmest gratitude, and more 
tfian ordinary delight when* I 
received from the IVmale Inhar- 
bitants of the tivVn of Notting^- 
bam and it* vicinity, an Addresfe 
which h remarkable for the - 
amiable spirit whieh it breather, 
and for tho fertonr of attach- 
ment to my person and rights 
which It displays. 1 am proud 
of boin**- the Qtiet^n of women 
of such fj^enerous sentiments ; 
and 1 am happy to rt^niark that 
such sentiments indicate an in- 
creased and increasing- cultiva- 
tion of the female ntind. 

** To be ^conscious that the 
hearts oT sQ larg'e a portiou of 
my own Sex are vibrating 'X^'ilh 
emtjtiohst 6f affection for his Ma* 
jesty'a Royal Consort, that they 
are Eiyflipatbisin^ with her so r^ 
fowi, and depreoatifij^ her 
wrbn^rSj ^nd that her liappSnes^ 
t^ the object of thuir pious sup- 
plications, c^innot but awali^p 
m my breiist the most pleienf'S- 
hie sensations. The same Spirit 
ofdevotedness to the fair fatiie, 
to the lawful ri'^'-hts, and to thb 
g^^ncral iulere&ts of a persecuted 

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Royal : Dooj0M(CNn. 


Queeo, which animates tlie fL^- 
male mWbitant^ of Notliii^ham, 
i^, I trust, dill used throug^h a 
larg^e lusjorltjr 0*" their country- 
women. They will con^id^^r 
ihe hpnour of her M ujesty i« re- 
Jdect^d upon tLi^zuscheA — i^t^y 
'will be*t kaow bow to appreci- 
.ate the slan^iert by whkh I have 
^b^^p iks§ ailed, and the tndigiai 
ties by which 1 have been op 

' ^* With the most pntb deli 
cary the-remato in habitants of 
the town of Nottingham and ha 
Yjclnity have toadied those 
»pring^jt of grief in rny heart 
which will ever continue pain- 
fully to yibrate at tli© recollec- 
tion of the near and dear rela- 
tive»ofwhom 1 have b<^eu be- 
reaved « and particularly of that 
departi^d saint in w ho^^e talents 
and wliose viritie^ the women 
have lost ;k model of the most 
estimay^ o^tcelleneei and the 
nation ifi^enoral a future sove- 
rei^hi under wiiose fogteriog 
care that liberty would have 
nourished which gives happinesa 
to the people and security to the 

^ . . . 

The fjli^wing: Address has 
u\§p been presented to her Mn- 

*^ l(|*Afl<¥UM^t QUBfiJf tClMBOST OP TUE 
^_ J^^ LTP P , Ka>f ^bQX QF G H KAT Ji ft 1 - 

, , ** ifay il^pkase yout^fjycs^y, 
We, the "undersig-ned Xoytd sub- 
jecU, inhabitants oj' Sunderland 
ai|d its viciiiily, huniblv be^ per- 
mii«i(«ii to cong^rntnjate your 
je^ty upou \om return to 

England, to claW 'y^ur.k^ 
and eons ti tut ion al .rigbl Mid tiU^ 
of Queen of Engk^ud. Deeply 
intt^rested in ev^y eyaAl Ibi4 
attecta the princqiles of jualMei 
the dignity of tli^jsr^wn, an4 
tfie interests of l^e,iBC|ttOlry, we 
cannot but view/tbe UnA and 
artful conspiracy ^bicb^haft been 
carried on again«i thl9 U^t ^^ 
honour, and thoy ,)^l|l|>me»a 4^ 
your Majesty, with ind^atioft 
and abhorreDce ; .whjlat your 
M^esty's discerypieiit,, frankr 
ncs&, and magnaniaii|^»,,MiHl€ir 
the violent and t^Dpre>c^deAted 
proceeding's, demand, .our .w^ 
bounded applanseu We do/faovr 
ever, most fervently jbope UhU 
your Majesty's persecutors wiU 
be uUiinattdy epverj^d with 
shame and confusi(>o,. and that 
your Majekty m£|y Ut^ }qa^ \^ 
the eDJoymentof t^ e^t^in aud 
afl'ection of an enlightened,, {^^r 
nerous, and brave. p^^pl^" . 

Her Majesty returjo^d the fol- 
lowing most graoioafi apMrer :— r* 

** 1 ara ^really obliged to the 
lovid inhabitants of Siiuderlaud 
and its vicinity, fpr U^r.cbrdial 
cangratulat ions upoii my. acces- 
sion to ttic high dignity of Quee^ 
Consort of these . realflis ; and 
for tlie generoas;(,ze^l whicb 
they express in favx>u]r of. my 
lawful rights ai>d .my jp^rspoal 
happiness, . . - . 

" A foul conspir^i^y^ agaif^jt 
my honour and raylife has> been 
prosecuted for many yeavA> afHl 
seeni£ at present to b^ reachii\g 
the very cljniax ofin^u^. "Orir 
ginating in this C0^^^y;JMJ9Pg 
endeavoured to effect ^ts p^r|K>>« 
by all the fniuii ^d faUehisiod it 
could procure hare^ ^n4. when 
thai failed U i^tf ter0Mi;^c^^t^4>v?rT 

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Acovrr A, IMCL 


wMtt ne wtlb inftuny by briae- 
MigaaMM of peijiii^ frooi Ibe 

' *'' Bv«ry person who cati :?©- 
iocft iipoa the conse^iue^oet of 
peMJiig ^veots, or who eao^foad 
Hie datiger of the ^inrp in the 
dArk aeiiect of tbe> present, must 
^ couTioe^ thajt.:.the public 
welfere k/at thfs momeiVt ioti^ 
w s ^ rTijtoptyfteri. with the pre- 
•enration of my rights and dig- 
idttea «s the RoyiU Cmisort^of 
his Mi^ty«. 'CVeneral tyraan^ 
eitally .hegiiis with, indiyichial 
oppressbn. If the highesi suh-i 
ject m the Jtealn oaa he deprived 
of her- eaaft and title^-^»caD be 
dttoreed, dethroDedt and de^ 
hucd; hftjtji 4ict oC arbitraiy. 
powef , IB the Ibrm of a BIU;of 
FuDs and Penal ties-i-the coosti-* 
M&iiial iiherty of the^^km^dom 
w3l be shaken to its very, bato.^ 
the fights ot the nation; will : be 
' oiljr« Bcatteredrvrtook ; and this 
aaee free .people, like th^ Mebn*i 
esl of tslavea, auist submit td the 
leab of an* insolent domination.'^ 

' The deputation from tlie Bo 
roiigh of Ilchester, accompanied 
by , Dr. Lushington and Mr. Al- 
&rman Wood, waited^ upon (lec 
Majesty with the following Ad- 


: jjvs, 4yBBi| OP Ta9 united ki^- 

iAXD. ' . . 

; V/TlsedntiOil and; floral Adn 
idmu of the lahabilants of 
the Boro.ngh of llchester 
and iU vkinity« legally as-^ 
seittbled in the Town-^hall, 
this ^ith day oC iujy , l$5^. 

We yw Mi^iesly'a ;dutikl 
affsetaoaate : sali^ts, the 
loyd tahabilants ofthe borough 
otf llchester aad its vieinitv, b^ 
leave to approach, your Miyesty 
le offer yoa our heartfelt eoagra* 
talatioiisoa)i(Nir/Mi^ty's safe 
return to yous^own -eaimtry, to 
meet your aecasers face' to face 
i».)tte.praBeBce«of ithe British 
Public, HI deianee ^i>\hm threaSt 
to iaitaee year Majesty 4o re- 
noaaoe. your .^Crowa^ aad in 
spite aC*Ahe ili^(cace(i^ bribes 
whiek were -teMtere^. to youv 
Majesty 4o pabchase* yoiir ab« 
seneo With the aalioii's- mon^y, 
at the expence^ o€ yeus character , 
andypui^ihoiiefi.; Jwhieh bribes; 
had'your Itfajesty'iinlhriunately 
accepted, yoao' treacherous &e-» 
duoers would ikeiter have ceased 
to'unge against your Mivieltytti 
a proof of yottt guilti and as a 
justifteationt for tfa^r.own male-* 
voleat a^cesion^Jind unfounded 
eiliimnies. . 'li.Ui!.. 
. ^'.Weibeg<m«^t.S6iiou8ly and 
sincerely, lo . condole ^ with your 
Majesty upon; the- kiss^ of yonr 
amiable and >hoy^ i^iaughter^ 
rendered still more amiable, abd 
much morale v^y, an the-e&tiaHk- 
tieo of a i gailant,^ generous, aoc^ 
free peo|^» from ^he firm aikl 
aoaltecable attachment she al- 
waysevinced, both in public and 
|>rivate, for -berferilelly persecut«> 
ed^i grossly-insulted, .mueb^in-; 
jured, though' amiable, and ; mn 
^e-rminded jnolher. We also 
depioie tise tgtieai ibsairwhicb 
your .Ml^osty. sustained in the 
death of our late MosttGkacioutt 
Sovereign; a loss Ithat must havd 
been severely feli by your Ma^ 
josty, from*tbe moment he .was 
exeinded. .from > the. ,wQfld,vby 

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Roar^t J9o«nsNAs. 


Higr j»(i€ Mfljdsty ^iqi kNO^er Iritii 
^AMii 'the. '•vnfadevB^t: > bi^vvfi 

pt^ftteH ;mm1' cimad^ at Dues* a** 
gaitist ymi M^pnly's faoaow^ 
Snditlle 4dlt .Micyivuig'. Mbdstics 

of IMieatevr i^id .iter vJdHi 
'IbdreiqDe, oatwdt telraki fiMN|ft 
csfMrcsaol^ «)■¥' i deep^ rtotod 
aUortwicce. of Mm^ attempts it 
yiUfy wnd'ttMdme iy^ur Majesty ^ 
1^ sevhet: wideoco. obtaidekt 
ffoih thcf liidat aa)NnmapledAbitM 
neslofi^.^necAed ^. sglies, wlticli 
evUieugB is so. lour thatt it ivill 
tiot.bc|nr/tiKr' Uglify and/ wkicb 
hait.tliefdfbMt l)^a] tiirast into' a 
Gtmeif^ Bag^vi^d xubthitfiKd^o a 
se^et tribanat ihppiHAtod. hj 
^br Wa^kiy^^s :ni»4aetm thehk'* 
selves. This departure tcoinllw 
dpea course of j«Btie?iiiiilnioTi-n 
tot4he la%v8^woo]fl'df iUelf be 
fulHcieot proiof tb offory djsbleN 
^st^ mte kv.ttte ioeuntry, not 
Mify. «f snMif Majflsiy^i coittpleto 
iiiaarT0n€e»iMiit^ibiK tbestroagrett 
bcBBuaapture .^vidBiiui tkat yoar 
Ma^eaty^s acicuBehitk|iO(Y^ it^ > . . . 
-f* We, .^yout* Majeaty's. l^al 
ftubfjeclBt ilierGlfia#cN ja.conmioa 
^idi^tbo, w&o^ juatiimd,, uhfiaid 
portion *f theMOQiiifn^unt]^ biig 
Biost^ earoi^lLT.itQ.aanir^.'your 
Mii^«ity/not mnyis^f our «ympi^ 
tliy^liQfeadr taaiousaDtaebamil 
aik itrahn. sdfiport; And .wp 
flatti^.4liliel^s.tbaj^ tho. day is 
for distant • tttheo.' a ;braiiris , and 
layahpeapld shall 'Staod silently 
by and Mritoess the degradation 
and dishonour of thilt Qneao^ 

wiAbdif dndaidrdiiHhg'f, hsf^e^ 
ftdt and. tegtjti«ifita> maani^'lo 
procure for her, at leasts i a: «tiii^ 
and .faimoiirabler tcbd, wadMvtr^ 
dtci by an- ioipartidl jatyof h^t 
Peaia* befeiaa thejr ipattititdMrj 
with impttidly ^td fe pooalafanaA 
giiiily by.hercriatadaiBiaK'i*.- ^ 

" 8tg:ned,6n%dlialtoft6fe'H<jet- 

lttt,-by- ; ^^- ■ * - ' • '^^- - 

THBTilietiBAhjinv ' 

uHer lifl^^/tdlitNidd the All*' 
loiringjg^teoHniaAnsWerc^-u (••( 
.'/[returnrttiygfcaiteM tfahaika 
ta the Inbibitidis of: tkfsHBo^ 
rongii of ikhngtar and ite indnw 
^ for. an Addbew Ha arhiall 0» 
miichafibction is hiaiiifeatQd<>lkit» 
imf fl&rson; io iMich zeali fi^iai^ 
rig^hUi and ao mach iympaMqn 

''Hiy latef batoniadl ddaghiM 
weU^Lnew.hOr aaotbaiF'ainj^la^f 
and fter noble nattireaMafe thai^ 
het own* Ovvr her ^vmitaMf 
end, tf I wept as a pftmiit, >lAi# 
whold nation nmirBed' Ulda Im^ 
iddividuah The gmt was daitf 
and (he same i n all. Every man 
felt as if he had lost a fnend ; 
and that friei^d his solace in tlie 
{Hissinc^ day, and his hope in the 
tiioe that was to come; . * * 

vWhen I call to tfinrf'the 
torpi of his li^t0 Mft)esty, o^jf)i^-i' 
ed'tvitti'dfllictioiis; and bendi'tfj^ 
with ag-e, I ought not, pefhaps^ 
to 'lament over that-ereni wbMh 
ptit an end to his aiiffi^rif^/ aihd 
mftdci Mm' ^dhfarig:^^ Wis%HWy 
crown for a crown more perma* 
neUt; {lilt my grmitMli'^ii^itt 
not Btvfter tfie' to fop^t ttiit his 
Ittajorty was my pfoteetdf in ad^ 
versi.ty ; and' 1113^ heart; OW sor- 
rowing:, tells ine tliat 'tteiprd* 
toctor is n<^ mora. 

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'llM^.fc«>ci(o:»sb[i of iijy a<*ciXNers, 
'«l|ira tiecn fiiiiHv af no m\ if 1 

I thai bits been rendered 
I inexpiahte^by thik circum- 
liat I no sooner <4rame 
,^ll4ii^ the alfectkin^ of the peo* 
4i4»<^iill drclml rtnujd their 

"if to posseiis llic »jrL-N(^ion« 
-«( thie jjoojile be k proof of ^''uUt, 
-Iwlricaii I ever ihow that! ain 
iiMU^iefil? iI!ou!d 1 prevent, of 
^Mbtl to try to prevent, tf»e 
^sUnin of pnpiibr Bytiipiiiiiy 
fBaburMnninfT f<&rdhly ui favoilr 
•cl>ifaji!Sty insulted, iind ofHu- 
^^miy rcvUe<1> if the itaiion 
UuU liiive CO n torn {>{ a ted the 
jBnmy wpcm^js 1 hsLve e^perieno- 
«d,iMnd the ^cateT wrongs t\':lh 
«irfak^ 1 am threateoed' u^ilh 
sevcve indLlTofence, -er with 
)iki|E|rUh apathy, it woutd not 
Imae been icanipoied of men 
rtidfc< women ; it W4>uy ha^e 
htiu, con^titiJteji of liehi^'s with* 
^oui nensibility or itttellig-enec, 
Bin |}ic British fie o pit' art) made 
k}( better 111 at eriii]«. No nation 
liaiohsore fl^hi Teuton or more 
.gMd feeliog : and this is a truth 
loCItriiichl am ireifer be unaon- 
MOBHk as h>n^ afi one pfu-tiole of 
iifek'^ireajning' in my leuiJ^'* 
-oz^fter the Dqmlaibn with- 
<i9MV* bdt ]\taje.Hty went to 
JioMi-*&treet, l^'iusburV'-sqiiaTe, 
ibjiV^ew tiie ^dtool, f!alled the 
l^yjld JflBtitytiou, for \im^ boys 
maSkHSiM) gitU, of which the 
-Blflce and l>Jji:hesfi of Kent were 
fiittr^iis. Her Maje&ty cypress- 
MMi!^ lively satib faction at 
ihe ^rder and regularity wLidi 
perv&dcd the eslubli^hment^ iiad 

the rDti^Trstmo- rift^rffrance of 

. Mt'n 

a libera) donalioit: 

the cUiliinii, for whom sire 

There was a meeting: of th© 
inbabitaols of Lewei*, for the 
purpose of presenting an Ad- 
dres»& to ber Majesty the Queen. 
It wajs numerously atttiidcHi* 
The Address was carrieil aud 
ord<?red to ho &t|rnt«i by . ilt^ 
Hjtrh Constables^ \n the iiuim 
of 4hc mtHjiifig-, ^ ^^^,1 ^^ i,^,,^^ 

" Y^u w il 1 lie re w t Qi re cei v e 
i\}C resiilt of the apptveation of 
tliC Constables to the Repre- 
sentativL'S of the Ftorouj^j Ad- 
dress to herMajisty. SirGeor^o 
8 1 1 i ffi J e r de cl i ncd, p rose n t iug tU& 
Address, on the ground that ij^ 
was, prejnd^iiip;' the case. He 
read hi;* refusal to th^TJonsla- 
bk's. and thcTT-piit it in his 
f»cke4» Sir J. Shelley forwiiifted 
a w rl 1 l<^n co m m u n i cai io n t© 
E. VerraH, Emj, Town Cferk^^^^ 
which the following l|^a4wr<jf| 

this, liave bp<»n nblf t« hjwp^i^jism'errd 
your nr>L(\ rt^^tiKM-MaiK tt>^ JieH*ilufi*^s 

|ierson i Tnit 1i»y*^ In-Cti prcvimttfd l>y 
Tiid1s|iio:iitkiTi, nnil nn vAif t#i|T]jp<^ {fn 
early an.^wer, n iH lirt ifiiTj»:*f tlnfrf ir. 

** I do iij>i c9iisUi**r it c^*i]>i^ifeiij 
Mhh my tliity, m-^ a momhpr vS tUn^ 
bmarlt 'of thu lA*urii*latirrp whkfl Mi(y 
iiJti^uatHy b« citWt^ upon to'Jf'^i^ 
iipoij tliLif^tiriiii'* iise, HO* in 9 r<pvrif 
oir trial Jifforo the L|>iifr llmi^s^^ |u 
Ink J' iitiy Htrp whtrli amy Ippcnr jitu 
jire^uclifinff the case ; I' mMstl t(We^- 
fort% . dticlLne proseiilinfr fh« A4dr^sfi; 
hnJ J fptJ less .si^riijik! in ck>iug sa, Jrii 
It is nul sjjfoed by a imyHnry tfl" ii^y 

'* I shaU bi3 obliged to yotif j-thi 

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RoiC4i t>ocvin»rM. 

will •owwlnwtt My 4#ebtoii to til» 


«*t remain, 8ir» 
*' Your most obedient and hum- 
" lile8er?ant, 

•*.T;» ^wtrdVemOl. £«q. iSolicitor.** 

<' The lion. BM^>tiet ton\d Bot 
hftverelftd ibe Resolutions, or 
eoiild not hvtveunder8toodthBm\ 
forit was uncmimcfugl^ resolved 
akU* ^0' A^ddress should be 
sigpned by the Con^iiUefs m he^ 
hay of iJie WHOLB meeting, 
and there were upwards of 5<X). 
persons present; the Addres? 
must, thoreforei be cQDsidere4 
&a expressing the sense of tlie 
mi^urily of Sir Jolm'a Consii- 
tueiits. — The conduct of theie 
hoo, Barouets wiU probably be 
remembered on a future occa- 
sion." — ( Brighton Herald,} 

^ Wedn^iula;^ the Address firon^ 
lley(es '. vfk^ presei^tcuji ' to ' tbi^ 
Queeti: ^ Hfef Majesty tfetufned 
the fon<ywin^ gracious answer : 
'' The High Constabfe, Bur- 
g^n^ HQd QthsT inhabitants of 
Ibe ancieiit borough pf Lewes, 
are reqtieated to aocept my cor- 
dM thanks fbr this loyal atid 
atfectionate Address. My heart 
U in perfect upison with the ex- 
pressions which they use in 
th0iir topics of condolence. I 
liBlt Ijho lo^ ot jbis. late^teperar 
U»i/l9ie»ty,'iQkiep indeed, irre-' 
parable : for he stood like the 
tef'^f MeVpy;b^tW^^^ 
.•smJi. P^r^cfiii;"^ cruelty. J .The» 
.aatiasely«iid>of tbejate beloved' 
•Prineen Charlotte seetn^d. Tor ^ 
ttit>titctot. to throw the sliiidovy 
^^f, #^th ^ver tjip land.\Thel 

voice of aMrrimettt lv:ai astite in 
our fltreets ; and the g»iaty #f 
the itttion suffeieil a leMfmar^ 
eclipae. It was the imbaiigiil 
tribute of loyalty, the jpoAtaa^f 
OQS oflbring of love In tfaoiis*ah 
-*<iay,. itt millioiM, to . Ihoae 
bright propertiesiaC the. JMndU 
a«d those tender qualitiea of. the 
heart, in which the. people read 
a cheering presage of ber>giefyv 
and of the public happiaesii 

'' The ma<i)inatio^s. of my 
enemies are supported by a lacf 
tion, that Ima long operated, like 
a canker-wona upon the 'noUe 
trunk of the* nation^ pfosp«rity« 
If I would have atodped to ite^ 
come an instroaient in thaur 
hands^ or tothave lent myself, id 
tbeir sordid purposes', 1 might 
have i averted their vengeance* 
or haife neutralized Iheir h6s* 
tUit^. la the* year IdOT, this 
fcclipn'^ were, eager. to:make.a9e 
of( niy power as ithp. naeafia >of 
gvatifying their «ambitioa; 'and 
when tmr/ambitioni:<conldi<te 
gratified • by other meant) itho|y 
immediately aacri&ced mgr l|o^ 
nCMir. and tey rights. upon Ah^ 
altar >ef . their aelfishnesa. • ) i . ^ < >' 
Tliat calm wisdom whichiib 
the result at once ofreflectieiiL 
and esperienoe,teaehefr m^/thai 
I oigfat i^ever to givd my aan&i- 
tion 4q the.i^^urrowi vtewa oi aiay 
sect, orto th^ interastedtiitfD- 
jects of any 'party. Tiat oom<- 
prehpasive i nharity i^wiaeW i kiilU 
dlea inimy heart shallr be visihlt^ 
in my «ondttet,; iaodiIjanlluM«4fc* 
fdrget'that the .Quoen'oC:aiac^ 
tion ia Qoly. half ^k Qaeen« tl}h^ 
^ood'Of a- (hdtion rB only 1.^0 
good , of a^ few ; / but Jthe>'.^QM* 
whieii i ohorish is thai of tftft 
LfiBt0\autntiy^'.'. ..... .., , j.-^l 

Digitized by CjOOQiC 


AtotJsT <6, W*>. 


Ikftd DwacmMn wailed on ("seh^rioi^ooiiidMoeVrfpreseilf 
her Htajesty with the Address ,8«pport $M^ev€Mtd tmrnf^ 
fron^t^Q town of Wakefield ^and ihi the alfectioDtf of the people/ 
its j^i^uHt^, to whith her Majes- | v I have been aceiued of ap^ 
ty was pleased to retMi thelbl- .pealing to popnlanfltaMHnr, btti 

loipring most^ractoas answer: — 
*' I receive with .heartfelt sa- 
tMMlkmlhis loyal akid aifec- 
tioBate address from his Majest) 's 
subjects. Inhabitants of thd town 
of Wakefield and ]t3 vicinity. — 
Their sentiments of congratula- 
tion on my accession to. thehig'h 
digfoity of Qoeen^f these realms, 
tfea proof that their minds have 
not been unduly influenced by 
itk flagitioos calumnies of my 
pwseoHtors; and i am at ihe 
same time feelingly alive to their 
expressions of kind condolence 
upon the melancholy losses of 
those near. and dear relatives 
which I experienced while on 
the continent 

<« 1 am sensible of the indig- 
nities with which 1 have been 
assailed, not so much because 
they are disrespectful to myself 
as beeaute they are insulting to 
the nation ; for the nation lias 
been insulted in the Ute outrages 
ipon the character of its lawful 
Queen.. , Tfioug^ 1^ an^ attacked 
by that malice which hesitates 
at no falsehood, and by an as- 
ftumption of power Ifvhich seems 
to spurn aralt Ihmtationi t feel 

1 appeal to nethiog but to 'I1i« 
good sense and good fibelfag^^ 
to the reason-^he inoMiltf-^ 
and thd patriotism of th^ lAos't 
enlightened and most resp^table 
portion *of the eommunl^jr. If 
I am condemned without^Jns^ 
^tice, and dethroned against All 
law, the liberties of every jndi« 
vidual will reoeive a fatal sti^b, 
and the character of the highest 
judicature will be blasted to the 
latest posterity. 

" My own personal welfare is ' 
of little moment ; but I do feel 
as a Queen for the public wel- 
fare, which is deeply implicated 
in the vindication 'of my vio-^ 
latcd rights. . 

" The power which the Hous^ 
of Lords are assuming in t^eir 
Bill of Pains and PenalUes, not 
only of divorcing his Majesty's 
RoyalConsortybut of dethroning 
their lawfiri "Queen, niay proVe^ 
in the result, productive of )in 
age of inisery to the nation. — 
The child that is now .at the 
breast naay live to rue- its con- 

*' The consciousness of recti- 
tude, of which no Bill of Pains 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

[wi Aem^UeAT^ftii ever 4e^r^ 
m, mM Mm^tmf Ihioiigh atk 
tjpjftb: '^n«Roveii» ihaj?epfy the 
fi»pie,of;i)lf.e9ftqti^»^ ib«M» in - 

pie iMi^nfi^er Mm «eo^(m U>^ 

Ihieiff hq>prp0s*T'-wilb taetrajylog 
Hieit ri^h^j or mth reto<ltitiihn 

ttri^i^ lyi^puiioiii;. e^ Ifco 


An anTmateJ correapondence 
fias taken place t)etwtjen S»in. 
.Thompson, jun. the coiwtable 
of Wakefield, and the York 
County Members, bR the subject 
of the presentation of the above 
Addrifes." Rtr.' Tboinpson hav- 
Hig- expressed by letter to Lord 
Milton and Mr. Wortley, the 
wish of Ihe Meeting that t!hey 
should present tho Address to 
the Queens he received fcofn 
each of the Members letters, of 
which the following a?e copies : 

■*' ai«,^am s9tfyM wdl: bb abeo^ 
ivMf. on! of mj p^>ver to ^^seat Uie 
WakeMd Address to the Quee^, as I 
am going Into YorkKhlre to-morrow, 
and have no thoughts of fot timing to 
to»iirii' till my*ffttnrti Is render^' hcces* 
sary by Parliamentary bi»ine94»' >t 
trvst, I p^od not astm/e ygujhsp 1 la- 
lucut.this €icuiin:)taa«;v ^f^f/^' *^ -^ 

lier Majesty v/M^ s^ch a docuBi«|t. . . 
'•* Iren^ahi, Sir, 
** Yourmost fairthf ol Serrant, 
* • **MICTON/ 

••»¥»;-4 hate' t<9 ackit<ffd^e the 
reception •r.yovrieltiBr oltlw Mlhih* 
'st>»v^' infbtmiilg aie ef ybwrknvkicr 
sent to L«rd.MfitoiraiuAddresR to the 
Qwccaf voted- Jjy 'the/in h^ibitflnts of 
Wakt6ejd». and' requesting me to as- 
sStiia pr«seniiHf I'tto hcrMkjosty. * 

** Th* only etfpf Fhavo. dtten. bf this 
AMfMv, ig wwtttinad ii tile Mocnmiof 
tbo Meeting, as j^iofcrtod fn Tke hec4p^ 
hidependimt^4>^ H\y ^^^ andif Uint 
be a' correct copy, T hope I shall upt* 
be eo<isidered as acting dwre^pedtf ally 
ti^tfiy oomtliuetittf W'WafcefleM^ if 1 
reqiiost of 4hcnri9 dk{M*i»e/viitiL/nif 
'porsonal a^^dABcernp^n hsrMlye^lj^ 
^rtbe purpose of presenting it. I can-* 
not, consistently with what I feel to he 
my duty/as one of that body wlio will 
hare^to decide upon the triith and fab^- 
llood of the charges agkiMt lh« Queea(. 
do any thi^g^ which miiy apnoar \fi any 
degree to cbDcqr in a publCe expression 
of an opinion upon* those charges. 
Lord Milton bei!hg dot of town, I shall, 
in case he for#ard»iheiWdr«i»t© me,' 
iend it. to Lady .Ann Ifamltton, the 
Qufien*s La^fy In Waiting, in order 
that she may -lay U before her Majes;> 
ty, .1 anil Sir, . 

•* Your very humble SerVant, 


** Samuel Thoufpsoni** '" ' 

Tp which wpre.returued the 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


ArUiGVdT 5> I-8M. 


**Tltf^ l.#nu,"t rnn fivtiiirctl >nth 
^Sfi of iW I34h fbt!* mfnn'mg. The 
C'^inBiSTtt^ for ihc njaijugfiui^ni afllie 

^reC tliAt |rcmc«JKft)t present it person* 
fillF^ I17 M^esiyy ptr^ieiilaf !| fio,> ss 
ve Ikto leoelfed tiio /ollofrjog letjtcrr 
from Mr. ai«Brt Mr#fU«y, ?ir.i^ 
fiteC) Mr; Wonlef i feU6»4bdfe,] 
** As ft H fltejnutknlar wish <yf the 
romtfilfee thM the AdHrteur ihoQlA W 
presenced by a jm^u^lMSr or members of 
Parltameiil» they trill feiel greatly 
oWiged to yoar Ior45lilp ff you will 
take the trouble pt fprw^iriiiBg i| tp 

te/|9fr irheo- you l)ftfi wmictify^ to* 
pMet.{sap«KfltiQli40r- , .. 
Yonr'8 very T^iipfotftiily,. * 

•* /. A; S.Worilcy,"Esq/' 

Mil wbll7I,lV*S ANSWBII. ^ 

^^iif/^I Jurre-tliii mMalnf recelvcff 
yourf of the Mth^* and catttiot ttvoid^ 
exprwtshig'' iWy surprise at the terifi» 
and" tdiie In whh:h you hn-re thought 
1ft to address me. ^ 

^' 1 slifilt, htcfwever, Mfy notliinf ii>' 

aaswer t* so extnofdiiiar jt v letter* 

except that 1 shall olie^ the direction 

. , . r >t containif, as to retaining the AddrossI 

of my having, • as your Rcpresenlu- 
ftve, refused yoMr «ndou^t/ed right.* . 

''.*' I am, Sir,<yoiirTery iMialileflerraiitj 
** J. A» OTUART Wi>»TLEY; 

**To Samuel Thottipsoh, jun.'* 


' **y ftaTc the Ii6n9«ir t^ b^, * 
• *• Yo\if tordship*s tcrj buai- 

•« Higfel Km* Lord mikoh.'^. 

TO. MH/vorricT. 

•• ytaiiffidd, J\tl^ 15, 1820. 
^ V SiB^— y^rs of the 13th I reccuved 
^sfp^r^ing, and h^yexommunijcated 
ita '^ODlents to the Committee ; who 
Wok y^r excfse extremely frlToloot, 
%ll^ ttmX ui«|e^ of repf esenf lag <ie 
I of Y<»rkshirey you only tt^ 

; yoarima.politiieil pdndptes. 
M yty# hwie the Addreto in year pos-' 
iMMloa, yota wHl have the goodness to 
retaia It tfll appKcatioii be mftd^' for 
it, at we. haVe written to Lord Milfon 
*>P9P th^ subject. .How you can be 
oar Yery humble serrant aiid r^HMe 
•or mmdoubUd right a« okt Repreien- 


' «»^ TTf HftiHir/A; Jtf/y 18; rft20. 
•* Sir, — In compliance. %ith your 
letter, which I reedved thisjriforninf^ 
I haye written to. Lord l)unc|U)9on» to 
beg ttiat he will either present th^' 
Walcedeld Address to her >lajesty, o» 
pat It la the hands. of soiia oKbar mcm-^ 
t>er -of Parliament for that pnrpose* 
Had I been in town, I ebouM afost 
readily baTe presented tr, «Tni'ir i bad 
felt that I could not iflalie myself re* 
sponsible for its sentiments. 

•• I remain, Sir, 
** Your very faithful Serrant, 
'* '^'*^ Samuel Thomi>^on, jun.'* 

Digitized by 



ROYA^t ' DocvllEiltb. 


An Adftlress' flrom Berwick 
waa on Wednefiday preieiiied ^ 
the Qiieea, by LordOssulston. 

llQrMiges(y roturned the fbl- 
lowinr gracious AAftwer:** .' 

'" For thb loyal and affeo 
tionate Address, 1 feel deeply 
indebted to the Mayor, Bailiffs, 
and Burgeea^ of the Borough 
of Berwick-ttpon*TWeed. The 
ravage which, death has made 
amongst my nearest and most 
beldved rolatives, since 1 left 
England, has furnished many 
arduous trials for my resignation 
and myfbnHulte. It is my doty 
tosQbmit, without fretfufaieaB or 
inifwtionce, to tbead and to 
heavier ikfflictions, if 1 have still 
hefivier to endure. 

" My many sorrows have been 
mingled witn an ipfuslon of joy 
by the enthusiastic delight with 
which the people hailed my ar- 
rival Crom thd Coniineni. Ihad 
been so long absent from Eng- 
land* and so artful^ reviled m 
my absence, that it was suppos- 
ed I should never reUm.- My 
return operated like a H^sh of 
yghtnipg upon the public mi^^d. 
Those whom the accumulated 
slanders of my enemies had 
caused to hesitate about my reo- 
iitude, were instantly struck 
with a ctevtction of my integri* 
ty. Bui wfaOe my fneada ex- 
ulted with joy ^my enemies tuoi- 
ed p«kle with apprehension. The 
consciousness of -their own guilt 
was aggravated by the irresisti- 
ble feeling of my innocence. 
They exhibited a singular pic- 
ture of ni^ico rendered impo- 
tent^ and of rage becoming des- 

''When my enemies found 

that th<fey coiM ndt d)>^rate upon 
my ^mleimtediiess bya bribe, 
tbey attempted to shake m^^ eOo- 
rage by a threat. But 1 derive, 
from the bounty of Heaven, a 
mind that is at once superior tp 
the calculations of avarice, and 
to the impressions of fear. ' ' ^ 
'* If ^ am a: subject, T am a 
subject in a state of immedbeter 
proximity .to the Sovereign r 
and certainly I ought' not to- be 
pla^ina lesslavouvable situa- 
tion than that of the most \w«h 
ble individual. Every sublet, 
whatever ^ay be his cooditioi| 
or his rank^ is entitled to a fair 
and open trial, by which* his siiilt 
or his innocence may be legally 
established. To me such a ttM \i 
reftised. My deniited for U Ims 
hitherto been answered only by 
Greeki Bags» which poQUty ' '^ 
filled^ or by Secret uifiuisitions, 
over which malic^ presides.-— 
Every pther subject has the be- 1^ 
nefit of an impartial jury ; and 
he may object to a certain num- 
ber of jurors, wliom he 'Mky 
know, or believe to be hostile to 
himself or partial io his adver- 
sary. ' Can I object to any of 
my numerous Judges and j^iro^ ? 
What individual is there who 
could expect ian impartial triaf 
where his adversary could itMli-' 
etice the majority of his judgiesV 
either by the fear of loss; oi^ tlft^ 
hope of ^ gain ; *eiiher by 'gto# 
in possession, or Jn expeetaney^ 
But are my judges alone wilb- 
out human infirmities? l.leavei 
the question to be ap^w.ered by^ 
those, who know what man is;, 
or who have calmly obs^ryaU' 
!the late proceedings in .tke^ 
jHouse of Lords." • ' 

Primed by W. Benbow, 260, Strand.— Price . 
Sixt>knce Halfpenny in the Connti^y. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


V0L.I7...-NO.40 LONDON, SATURDAY, Aimicst 12^ 1920. [FrheM- 



ON •• * 

The state of the King's Domi- 
nioM» grmiuc^d by. Meas^tre* 

ekMenct-'^hi the Dmgni hjf 
her Ma^estg^s Bnm^e^^Qn 
ihe Conduct , of, tf^e , Njfbil}iy 

a<ufe Coiourg, 

. ■. . '. r ' ■' 

I&dtidoii, lOihAug. i9i6/' 


The«ie«Hitea jyiOrsaed byy<mr 
Abi^aiy at 9t.-Onen,> and sinee 
)k«i ti«ie,«o'tie«ri2 Wiieate sur- 
piiriiig fUen^ of muuC that 
Ihe ban^Ua iodividtial, who 
maaX reqNMWI^ ttitodera- this 
poller for Iho ponml^of your 
BfjiMyj nay w«l iear^ tbiii 
d^d'tilt^ .i^y^ deem; it; pte*- 
fni^Bptnoy 40i ofler any tlBB8f>iB 
tlw ^ray ;of ; ad^oe .to lyoir Man 
Jesly. .Yet therer.AiiD' ocMain 

thiags, itttimately coBnected 
if^h yoiir Majesty's own affi^ir^, 
of whith thfiigs, from the na- 
tare of ydarMi^ty'ii late s^ua- 
tioO) il is seoamly possible that 
yM oaohavebe^n aceuirateTyih!- 
fiHrmed. To -g^ive yenr Majesi]^ 
some infftrriiiktion wHhr^^ard 
to ttiese/: 16 ^Ve V^^ i^'a 
fiMMk aeeo^tftft dlf wU(t the pttb^ 
lie titink of Ihe 'di^iis of yew 
eaemtes i aildr H^MBOieiB*^- 
fer yoB iwinJl teihaMcs'cSn' Vhe 
eoBdiRitOf Ih^ noMSty ahd thai 
ef'the Mat^ df Siie CcfBourg^. 
#ith r%ard^''to ^oiirBf^jesty*; 
to «io ^lis the "M^jfer of * ffiis pa- 
per Uoy^pon as his duly; ap'd^ 
in the petforiiidihiKe bf this diityi . 
he l^etaa satisfaetioki great ks it 
is possible for inan io * expe- 
rience. * • " \ 

Wheo we fiod a great mass 
of enmity^ at wOffc^i^i^si 'ils; 
stud a manifest desh« i& dSb^t 
our destmctibn ;"' alld''' when; ai 
the same time/ we areeonvincea 
that we' have given xio jnSt 
eiaise for siMsi etmiity,- it^'bg- 
o(lnies lis to stfeK'for the reil Hio- 
tive by .which oar ^nemi^s ar^ 
aatvated, and thereby to Icnow 

i^rhilml attdVublish^d by w; Btnbow, 96e,SlrAnd. 

Digitized by 



To TflE Qf KElVr 


are more fban- ( <bre.db r but if 
nta^ ^ iotafetent,' o^ ii ' bay, «f 
mjr va(»rW#l Me lo-yofir Mm- 

,- 'for me to lay M'itfc all hji^ 

how to arm otrrselves in a vray 
.(«i jetureoar defeiiie. ^4* ^b- 

mean the long sems of tbe^to^ 

jCjpcjJIp^'fro^ isiaTfi^tiro. i^i^i mility before yo«i, a brief 

»enl dny^.i^e of ao ottfia^iMfy 

.^^i^Ufe; 9^ ^pparopM>:ft^tH^ 

liaked onie^. of -tj^fangt V i(^ fPM 
]^}fpAy Mpq^yf^ed. in qot!vvtai4 
j|>Pf araiif:e> tli^i^h^q^.ng^mil 
^011 afe.Bo ;oo|if ,^ fK!:UiV<^V«W«i 
^^jKttQf of ifct^ <apd. evm «r 
tme» ao WhoHyjwt^e<w»y ^ 
Iff ^ pdf9Qf^iif^ <»( ;oar Itfa- 
Jeily,||reaeDla % tipsu^ of sufih 
vfffkffnit iaoMiriiteiidpaaiMl M- 
lief, at well m ^qmlMe^ th%t 
there aratt be , ^tof^ eame «i 
worl( which k i^t d|6oof!ertiE>)e 
to the nakect eyj^< We kMw 
th|it|^fnemil ba^iede, aodetpe^ 
qall^ in eertain iwe«, ^aie very 
strong, ^yery jK>werful. tteiivee 
of action; but.atill, it ir very 
aeldom thft^beeyproceeA to far 
jM.tq ie^ ^i jppvght. conHdera- 
tioM, ^oiin^^leit 9^ our : aim 
^^tjr ^'V^f:* inuit look annch 
farther for. ^oioti vet s^tfii^ .to 
iflidue^ fic^mi^ ^lr¥i^Q4y/likel)/t 
}o. oonTobe tb^ mMou for Urn 
\B^}^ of ^ieptii|g:joii« Bfi^jestgp 
^com onr ali^r^^^ J^ dert 
. isipribe jtbe^e ^motiteaj; .to m 
tion tbepi^rties by nasM ; tfaeie 

count ^f what has take» place" 
in^ lOf^domiiitfoeyOiitf Ha-^ 
jestyli departure kom it m 

At tfattt flme .notijtio^ Umif 
sounds of exuUatiOB and joyr 
were hea^ in our eoorts i^id 
f^iliao^VMd the Hadois deMed: 
by jthe sQi^iidai^^Teilsotf upvto* 
all the wil4Re|ss and Midoeta^ 
of intoxication^ In dipse l>r&-^ 
liant and delusive scenes yonr 
Mi^^ty was noi pemritted teber 
n^talfor. The aiad deti ny joy 
wu of short ^nration '^^;sod why 
should we not bi^ve that -it 
waatbe i^et of, Phpe^jdence to* 
preeerre yonr Majesty from ^f. 
participation in those scenes off 
jay and tevelry t The gieat ex-^ 
pndenee of ye«r Majesf|y wM 
have taught yen^ tbut aMctieiv 
eoglit fraqneBfly tcr be a Mbjeci 
of eoi^giiitolatlM with the sofi 
fererf and thad fbe very tliki^ 
which we afe : soiAetlaies dii»^ 
pldfingv MPothothings mesit he* 
eessptff tirenrgood, I64ei»iiilal 
sttocess^ if lot lo the p«^seiM- 
tkil e# flw 'lives. M the fiasco 
to wMchlem referring, and at 
which tincB your Majes^ ne&t 

Digitized by CjOOQIC ' 


Xx<ivm w, nw. 

» » % 


BQt;^^c|ur^^ were ^ m^^^^ 
Hot^fj^ rex^hanged when i tfiiir :dpT 
^9sim^^§fp\ became ;«fnami^ 

lia^en ^«imC)our persecutvrs| |ilt3^[|i0ya^ 

J((^ and mst feelin^y ootn 
ylaiDed of yoiir excYuaibii'J^in 
M ^liv^^-rooBii of tlie latfe. 
<|iie^ ; at thali Ume th»rc m^ 
Bofajtist p^i^on in ^hi^.whal^. 
liuij^iii, t\'Ko did nor.tfct't &or- 
lOFwibr yoiipM^e«*ty, WJd-^i'idi^; 

Bat; Bow^rHaviDg seen wti^f |)^9|&; 
leied- VHe- resalt; having $^n 
iow&tiniwe were ifion%)ff;hf\ 
hiiwig bemlci.lfeie ruift and lOiter 
ry pnidaeeA liy tfie eventi wHtch 
weie at tW time ifie rnl^ct of 
drnkefti eKviiation ;. wb^ie* » 
the -Mftft^who doe$ not new i& 

; jmerely by a suddm Urannililigm 

Lord Ciittmagh, W4i# flcA^ 
Wn^fiD-^bo^d by tfie ^ingiii|» ^( 
the: servile and. ttjfp lE^^lMft lffem> 
bine end of tbe kimviom ^t^ Uiar 
other. Tiaip# wbieh ttiep aUi 
Us heai^ ecNigratulatie yoiy H^^ '^b>^ ^» «t ksf , 6€^ Ihff aialqpi 
ji^apon^hayio^beenesdtided offiMJy joypotithiBdb^etrn^' Fit^ 
irem all sbafB u» that exaltar jjears.ef Peace hay^jtedH M^ 
.^ionf Where k the man- whe* 'thin^. j^j*^ ^1^ incr^JlBingp uv^A 
eaii fiew yoer Majesty'^ present ^onti^io]^ of tbr. cqii^.^ t{lC efU 
■ifawii6DV wftiiout feeling bia laj^t^ jfo incgfi ;ii (bi||i() bpM> 
heart sink wiChin^ binir 1^1^ th» iBOou^h le iaj, diai tHiitti. i^'.art 
B«^ of j9iir^ heing. abl^ldoAe4 ^ossiWIi^ of Tf»s^ili|[ .th^ iuiM 
le ibe i^ttry of yoor ip^; apd ition from ;e^ne¥f(j bankfUjsMry^c 
who tail, n^k at the mafiifbld br of sa^ipir.H.lirf^m^be'h^iyMs 

,B|^^ you; ^ajei^tya' arloi^-fdi 
aiote thap a4|)ous.%nd f0^^\iwn^ 
Bomkig. irc>«;i evf ry pla«a in tiMi 
iooiiuncfifityv-. ropresf nted to; ihei 
JMriigmei^ HMit tmu hoi UJlirii»f 
Kapds o9f i^oultiire, on' aoiiiK 
inoic^«^o% maiuiiMt^n^i cti MOor 

^ of thr Bation, witjfieuf 
-eyciainii^, 'Mn, ^ prodofing 
" t>f these tbis pers^i^ptSB^ Qaeep 
*-faui never participated io^ the 
^ nalieftt deg^recLf 

The ifeiM which bad beei» 
eftcM m a manner fte^ in 
ytir B^ijotty's reooUecliofl^ wea 

held forth by those moie roinra- bf e\'ery description, .and th^t 
lers, whoatie nowYo^r IVIaj:^ty.*4 actual i^Tat\^6Q was bt .affotk 
accuaefs, as fraught with a ibn^i in the dcs traction of thou)»ands 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


To THE Queen*, 


i>f the people of this once happy 
coBummity. The pariiatnent 
liad tmeqtdvoddly declared its 
utter iscapacHy to affbrd' it ire- 
medy. It had dedamd th^t it 
cottM do nothing in the way of 
TioUiagr teiier; and that the 
irafb'r^r^ imisi be left to find i 
reiMdy hi tMt ii^pachy for sut^ 
femif • ' 

This Was the general siaie of 
the BAtien at IheHime 6t your 
Mufeatj 's arrival: 'In this state' 
of the naiion' ttiet^e was quite 
ODoagft to niidce uis doubt of the 
wisdcAh Of tM nien by whom 
it's affairs had been conducted ; 
and ifAte ^nobgh to make us 
lojoiioeiaihe thought, that, since 
yo«r Mijesty watf doon^ed to 
have OBemies, your enemies 
ahoHld'be found amongst men 
of that deseriptioti. Bnt, not 
obl^ of the nation^s Suflbrings of 
the deaeription above given, is 
it iieoebtaiy that yoar Majesty 
•boaM be informed/ the dimi*^ 
litttson of lis liber^; flie Id*- 
terations that havV been made 
in its^ laws, and tfab caOseft o 
thiadinHDiition and of these al- 
teratiolia ; these are things 
worthy of the attfeniion of your 
Bfi^eaty» and some aceoont of 
which i wiH endeavour to fay 
bMbre you. 

Yo«rMi^)e«ty must have heard 

something of the ,many .|cts^ 
which i shall not attempt to de^ 
scribe, committed against the 
pe<^le, under the name of rocft- 
cah. Your Majesty must tave 
«e0n,/that they are spoken "of 
as Worthless, base, turbulent, 
and rebellious wretches. Before 
l'clos^;iny account of the'pro- 
'ce^fng^just'anuded't'o^ 1* shall 
explidtf to yo"Ur Majesty, the 
meunng of this word radical ; 
ifor, as your Majesty will clearly 
perceive, you are as deeply iii- 
ter^ted m this matter as the 
peopfe themselves. 

' For more ' than fifty years ' 
there has been a struggle going 
on on the part of the people to' 
obtain a reform in the House of 
Commons: The Constitution of 
this coantrjr is, that ^e power 
of marking laws shall exist in a 
King, a House of Peers, and a 
Hobse of Commons, the latter 
of which shall consbt of persons* 
llreely chosen by the peaple,%od in 
siieh a way too, that the Peers an<t ' 
the Kin^ shall not at all inttr- 
f fkrein, or attempt to influence, 
the election of the members of 
the House of Commons. But, 
various'drcumstances have given 
risb to shell a th6de of election 
as has, in fact, very muc)i chang- 
ed the effect of these' provisions. 
The real state of the Rouse of 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Aefeu^T^l^, 18^(1. 


CommQns I shalt not attemj^i to 
describe. But, it^'ay be neces- 
sary io^^iate, that a peii^ioi^^ 
laid bi^fore the House p,f Com- 
molis itself i)a llW^hy i6e pre- 
sent Wrd Grey> a!h4 sipped bv 
the present I>ake of Bedford aild 
Ban; others/ averred that a ma- 
jority of that house was return- 
ed t^ It by Peers, by a ifey other 
optttent then, and by tb^ King's 
WSAaty. ". I'he petitioners* ten-. 
d^rM prdbf of the facts at the 
barbf thehoiise/' The petition 
was reoeiv^ It is now amongst 
IhiBil^rd^ of parliament, But 
BO pr6ceeding ever took pldce 
Q|ionft ; and the House ofCom- 
monis hifis remained linreformed. 
The tdemiyets of the House of 
Cdm^6ns aire called /the r«^er 
MaUmh^y/thefteople. 'The 
law^^JB thkt men are punished 
legally; tf{>on the ground that 
they iivel by their representa- 
tive/ j^ie% (hdr assent, Ux the 
lawa 'Vf which 'they ' are pu- 
ni^^^ lllint^ it is. very clear 

that if ihe reek, a few opulent bonntr^.'. He i^ benf^fttted by, 
men, and the treasury, retiira thai safeiy ini k gi 

treasury, retiip 
a majority of the member^,, the 
gTDiuid£ above stated araundcii- 
mined, and become nothing. 
The law says that no man shall 
be taJCed without his own con- 
sent ; but it is impossible that 
he CMS give his consent to a tax/ 

unless h^ h^s soiii# voife in this, 
cl^i^singofthe p^rion^ by wiloiii 
the tfixes are imposed. 
' IC is very notorious that all 
the peopte of this kingdom ate 
t4xed 5 and^ tjierefore, the re- "" 
formers coh^nd that every man, 
being of sane mind and mature > 
age, atidfreo from all legal d|S« 
liiialificaiions on account of iid- - 
iamy of fiharftcteir^ should parti* . 
cipate' in'the choosing, of those, , 
wbose business it Js to impose 
tlie taxe$ and. to determiii^ on . 
the mode oC eluding tliem. 

It is tui^ther urged by t^ re; ' 
Vprmers, that ] no iiian'( wit^ t^ 
above exceptipns) ought to be ^ 
e(xcluded finom Jthis righ% seeifl^ 
that no m^n U exempted from .* 
the duty of *Gomiiig forth, upon' 
comm^d of the king, to serv# 
as a soldier in defence of the 
country. The>mpels,i^ 
justly ipompels,' every man to ^■ 
perform this cliity. The reason 
of this is, thai oyory man is be- ,^ , 
nefittecT'ly the' ^Mifety of the 

y m ik greater or less . 
degree, accordui^ to the extent 
o('lus pdi&essioiDis. The p<»or ' 
man ^^ a property i^ his la- ' 
hour; but, if li be denied to 
hMi tbi|t his Ifibottt is propel^ ; \ 
if it be denied to him to give . 
his voice/ in the choosing of 

.Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

To TB« Qt^E^, 

» * '• 

'Apssewlip tax liim ; if he have 
■fflfftuiig to do whU t(ij9 laws bill 
i^'olwy tlieni ; if tfirs he hi» 

sUuilion, it is very tfirticuU, lo 

wfilt**^'e itai' to -preserve, ^and 

* upon virMt ground 1^ is that he 

i^ w?led * upop Ito abandon his 

lioiiia and *tiazar<l )iis Mte* 

,1 f . ■> ■ » . 

'¥Jio li^tit, which W ^uris^ 


becom« itron^ in pT(^<rt^ion t«. 
th«3 i'ociease of the, nation's bar- 
dens and sii0ering^« y^cx^ tax 
ein hjt i»id wlUioiil tt]t^.,;aii»oiit, 
of the House of jCor|iftiion^^ no. 
sum of pubhc fnoney^ c^ be 
ct ponded without th<j s^inc.,cpn- 
sent, to the i^tig/*r^ fAe 
larfff all men now asccirbe the 
sufTerin^s of the natljOl^ .A'*^. 

tortVi'upon h0 rnany other coua- as the shadow followi t)»i^>u^- 

trie^^rind which htw Vroken the 

bkhdi at despoti&ni and iiiper- 

s^tjen ; whicli im raised the 

liuinble an^laiii tfe migh^ in 

itbT dnf fi tliii Kg^ht . ,w^ »iit 

■wanted ^wi^ng^and, Whiere the 

ifrue priijctfjles of liberty "bad 

been understood for *o mauj 

tkg%«, and where the priiidplp 

upon which the reforn^ers have 

jiroeeedod, ate inscribodiu e*ery 

;pag"e of the 1&W&. But, while 

refcrntatbns were taking place 

ia dtfier couo^rie^^ it was not to 

be Wpposed thai Englii^litnen 

Wi'ould pot findeaveur to recover 

Ihat portion of their rights <rf 

wfiich ii;jiie and their own in» 

ad^i»rleii<3o had' lioprived^ them* 

Aciairdinf f ) , within^he lasifllfly 

years, k cof^inuai ilrugg^le has 

atanoe/ so it foUaw^ ihi^i tfce 

House of domniens hji^ve" Jbjfijf Jl . 

the cause of the fiatian^^iu^er^ 

'Hiere tfien arises the. tjue^r 
tien, whether a Hou^ of Ccmi 
mooSj. chosen by tl#e people, .ii9t 
largeL, would have laid tl^cs lUid . 
produced aufferiags in as ^i^ 
a. degree* The refornieiS ar^irf . 
opinion that it would n6x, Tb«y 
thhik, that a H6nse of CdOKjpL^m 
chosen by the people a^ Urgi 
would never have granted, m^- 
aey t« carry ^^ awar.thi^Teaal^ . 
-of wliich was the rcsilqi^at^ ^ ., 
the Bourbons* the Pope,' tl^. 
luquibittoii, and the losnii«» an4 
the bartering^ away oi Ih^ rtr 
puWks of Genoa an4 ^f Ver^ 
nice. They think that a .Hou$e,. 

been ^ainW>n. «« ^^^ pWrJt of of Coninioni chosen by^peQ- 
the^P^plJ in iiraef to bring pte at laige Mould ^^c^j^^[f^. 
intVpWciicc the prt«ctp|csi, of' reason hf [gTfkmngSR%pi,i^flr 

lU tlv^i^km^n^^ tiM?^ laj^,;:jioi?8 flt En^li^h rooiioy: f^^ tb^, 
T ! ir . i ^ fmve naturally ' iuppoT t of Fren^^b and ptjjj&r 

Digitized by VjOOQIC -' 

7'Z ?J . ' 



mi for Aill rran tiag- t\ ft v thou- 
Mpd^BOiUMls^ft-year for thfttfur- 
iKMe., while so wretched h the 
situation off the people &t home, 
thai they. ar^':fbip{>€4 o^ lo l&nd 

oadfLof A|ri(^ W^^^ bpu, may it^ 
pkAse ^jf^flf l^Iajefity, lived to ^ 
i^.Ei^tif^Yiieh pititmn to ht' 

tiflia^to see ittmense fiuntfi of 
5>icr mooiey gtatite^^ tliii siip^ 
p^ of f'jrei^^h ap4 «>tli*ir emi- 
^aiUs; and^we <|o mast reli- 
^Q^l)^ J^^ev^ that we never 

^l^^lL^x^-^^.flP^^'J^Mf^ things 1/ 
Ihe^peo^la at larg^ b&d bM the 
clTO|ii|p of % jie^^ the 

dp^hty tf}9i^Q4 j^ a-year, 

5!^,^^f^ neTer have been 
g^l^ed,^ Il.«e^i9>n|ed House of 
Ccmiwom; Aiul they tak^ per- 
mjsd^i^ t^ ;beli^^0 ajt^^ that such 
>JBi*«ft^^tifi^^ would 
nm^hmimbeidpeffimdei} to 

<nat^«^;#iM^ ^H?pe&V ac- 
)u|f|Sfrlw^ffl idislreM^ a fmndred 
thi^l^iiM:]^ us a 

i»e<^lX»il|L church i)l England. 
^.WiMftStUe^Oie grants in 


rioii3 other ways.^would render 
uiy ^laiement too tedious, HxJ- 
fice it to Bay that to such a uin* 
at ion have thln^^rB been brought, 
that alt hope is abandoaed of a 
liquidation of the debts ia which 
the nation is involved; that 
compounding or bankruptcy t« 
J n c V i table ; and that e ven i^ 
parliament itself, it has be^ j 
sugg"e*ted, Uiat the owner* of j 
the land must divide their jpo&-^| 
Ka^sions with the crt^ditorj* ot [ 
the state ; while it is iiotorioiit^ 
aiKl. indeed, openly, ikckiiow^,- 
led^ed in the Houses of ParlJa^ . 
mentl that capital ii Veiling lor 
safety from Engriand to othe^ r 
oountrie^p and whili some havo 
proposed measured of force to 
impede or punish the tranafer. , 

In such a state of thin^,'^, it is 
no wonder that the people seek 
A remedy iti a reform of tko 
House of Commons. Duty |o 
their king and country^ ai well 
as love for themselves and 
their families, urge them to 
seek such reform; this is what 
they have done ; and for hav- 
ings dofuj this, s^rcat nutpbers. . 
4indor the name of Radkah, 
have been ^puniiihcd vi^ith the,/ 
utmost iieveritjj'. E?ir]y in %\c.i 
year (817, petitions sjgnod by 
a million and a half of mua 
-jr were prt'^euted lo the parlia^ 

i; iud in va-] mentj t)eseeching the Housei to 

Digitized by CjOOQiC 


To THfi: QuifcN: 


gTBmt them the ^jlei^red reform. 
By 'tfa9 p0r$<i£ig stgkiiiig' these 
p^MlioDs ; hy thi'iMmetise mtal- 
titttAia (oHdct8d%\Van&us parU 
pf tke cdtiDtry for the discussion 
of iBiar important slibject, no 
a« Wml: ^0 'i>i^ch of the 
p^c^, 'no sort' of disorderly 
odDdttCt^was committed, tf every 
iiMvfdfbal oi tliose m'UhVns ha<3l 
' hSsti iiehf m fronds f&r his frood 
b^avichlif', the clxidixtt of the 
pikffde'^ 6cfild not 'have beeii 
mi[>t'^}jeacedhle or mofe orderly. 
Sobriety iod gpood sense pre- 
vaBM/all dv^r'the* couritfy, 
wttite exttbit^d *i p^ple/ of 
whOni ihd\&Vernment ought 

trfitiVfe bUti'p^ttd: •• ' 

^^fnh'^Otxf U^eii^ji betieVe, 
tH^ Vfii^& petitions, instead of 
beinj^ patiently listened to ; in- 
sliMt of beitigcmade the subject 
orilfeni|ve perusaf knd careful 
m&idf^ dfepitfsionat^ "disculsion, 
y/^:e yitstdteUde ground of accu- 
satebtf &|ajnst the' petitioners, 
nv^Sirere^loadedSnriCh th^ most 
oj^prcbMcms reproach. 'Without 
ttkt& be% g<ven^1f6r tfee pre- 
tentiitg'tyf one half of theie' peti- 
tiotir» charges^ were' preferred 
ag-ainst the p^^le \' tireeh bags 
were laid before tlie4^1iament 
by the very sc^q men who have 
now. breught down i^reen^Bags 

C6mmittees'^er€^ ^pp^inied ; 
and without the exan^ination of 
tny witnesses ih siipj^ort of ^fae 
evidence, as it was calkd, 
which was contained .in tboae 
Oreen Bags, reports were 
made updn ihe contents of the 
bags by the Secret Commrttees ; 
and, upon those reports^ with- 
out e^itamtning any evidence at 
all, a Bill was brought In and 
passed, authorising the Ministers 
to put'inio any prison that'they 
ohose, any man or woman 
whom those Ministers might 
SQSpeet^ pr say that'they sus- 
'pected) of iVeaseTUible ftrac* 
tices I This Jthey were enabled 
to dd Without fuirnishiiig the 
imprisoned perjon with any 
charge^ against him ; without 
telling him wfao. were his a<>- 
cusersy antf w\thqtit giving him 
^y knowl^e at all of the 

place of 'his imprisonment, or 
of emn ike fivebable duratiod 
of that, imprisottinimt. in com- 
se<}uence of this law^p^eai num- 
ber!^ of m^n were seized, drajp- 
^Umn their wives and IWil-^ 
lle^^ I loaded with irene Vikm- 

a^lefactors, and impcisoMd in 
e JAits intendeci to hora none 
but tile gailly ^kd the wicked. 
jSeine of theie VMfivweroiiaH' places two. hoadrad' 
miles ' distant from their wiv«t 
and children, who scarcely knew 
wlMthad become o# 4heir bus* 
b^d^ apd fathers.. . OwiHf A0 

againat.yottt Majert?<r; Secret imprisonment, all free/wynitiv- • 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


AVQVBT \% \9i0. 


nmti#lii with jtheia -wm inter* 
^ftf^ T^^J vriM-e plowed to 
r^Te Mid^ to 9en4.,iio. letters 
Boi . 'preTioti4y. ex|mmed by 
ttefa^ luiepers^ In this miser* 
aUa ^imte fb^y-ivore k#f t for 
nctarly .twelvp moot^s ;., m^ 
tbea turned out of their dun-* 
^ns without any trial ; with- 
out iaxj eompent^ktton for their 
suffepngs^ i>ey t^d to return 
to ibeir ruined and stajcving br 
ntffies/ hunted still and pursued 
by the base and. atrocious ca-< 
l^iwiators of^a press devoted; 
to th^ir persecutors. On^ . o( 
tK^ m^n, with a mind unable 
lo^ bear his calamities, yielded 
to ^phiT,^ and put a period to 
h^ miserable existence in .the 
prbon io which he had b^n 
comimtted. And, after all this, 
a. 'Bin was passed to protect 
agpfi^tthe operation^ of the 
laws a^ those perspns who had 
irkSatea even the law^ by au« 
t£ioriiy of which these mep 
t^tfe put in prison ! 

.ypH'' Miijesty does not^ ) am 
sare/fiuppose that ISnglishmen 
wril ever foi^t these thingrs. 
They remember them well; 
aBdif it had been possible for 
them to forget thenv tbe pro- 
c^ingv against your Majesty 
w^^a|d ,Iiave prevent^ ' such 
e^ipuial fo^getjfttlness^ At the 
tiflii^ tiltte. when tliis horijd 
lawrim paased^ others were 
yimA ^ obstvnetini^ the frie<- 
dMi efi{(peecb Mid of the preis. 
UfdditMm to. the|ier six other 
Acta, vwere parsed ^jdpring: the 
ln(tiynirion of jmliament; and 
thrt'iimtitfe and tendency; of 
AMfe Ads ar^^ soph aat^ ma)^ 
«s an^unedof oiic oountsy* We. 
na.lo^per d^ Vo.vUietAn opun 

day as heretofore^ to express 
our opinions upon political sub*, 
jects ; and, to write or pablisb 
what may be deemed seditious^ 
nqw subjects us to iamMmeni. 
If pur foffefiithers had b#en told 
that such would^ be . )Uie lol eC 
their descendants, tfa^y we4d 
have regarded the pcedietion 
as proof of insanity. 

From step to^slep the coantiy 
has been brouc'ht intoi a: stale 
such as «an be designated by no 
other word than tluit of slavery. 
Na human being can describe 
the diffetence in omt. presitH 
r^tuation and that in which 9ur 
forefathers lived. But, ihe 
thing which most strofigly miurka 
the difference is, that a system' 
of spies and informei;«L,is now 
openly acknowledged to exists 
even i^y tbeministers themselves 
Your Majesty has read, in Bog*. 
lish writers ol only fthy yeess 
ago, the most bitter sarcasms on 
the French nation for submit* 
ting to live under a government 
thsd openly and avowedly Mwim 
spies a part of .its establisbm<)nt« 
This fact of the employment of 
spies by the French government 
was a topic ,of nevejr ^ending 
satyr with Englishniev^ l^^i 
alas ! Englishmen have Uved to 
hear their King's ministers not 
only confess thai they (^ntptoy 
spies^ but justify the api» m^ 
hofist of the act with unbhishii^ 

' The people, are by jbo means 
so debased as to a(){»rove of thir 
system; and« therefore, here, 
agaiuj they partii^ipate most 
warmly in the indignation of. 
your M^esty at having. i>een 
dogged and hunted by vermin 
of this infamous description* 

'Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To Ttttf QtBt^. 


Tiiey! \>efie\^ deftriy the 
gmmiA^ of the arcusationt 
n;:»iiie»i your Mujc^tY ; iUey aate 
too Wi4t BCffd^iiitiHJ wlUl t^ 
i»«iaiw thM hav« been r«fl6rte€ 
t» !# ecill&ct wimt i«i atll^^^W 
d^d6 ii|f*}mt yoLt ; Grion Ba|^ 
«fid^9i$«ch3t CoitmiiftocN, Imports 
of IhOi^ Oomiinltees aiid Biflfii 
fouiidctl Oil liiUiii reportB, aif«^ 
fi^fth ii^ >ty rr rMotfeetkMi ; and 
wlWall fH6^%bfore t)i^iii;aik! 
w»ftiv atio'ihe eXf^ieiMe thai 
th^y^ ^9S4^ of tiie diAtKAillOn 
of ^yMT^Ito^lis^i'^, th^y kran i>6 at 
li4^t6M'tt>dts^i^r whbTai^'tb^ 

»ig4tt mlldi oa^ to pei^lVe 
ilMUlr^t^l^lo describe. : 

•Oiia'. tA%- i h)uii|fb)y b^ 
lea^^ t0 . MggeHi '■ to y6ur Mk-^ 
JMf^' as' peeull'klrfy prope^^ to 
b^tM'lki ihind V and that is, that 
yovttU^^if'B e^mics are the 
aaiiMP%h6^eoitt^i}tlled the af^ofe 
niMtlon^ ntk^ agraitist the pe6- 
ph?. Th^lftn^de of proceedings 
airihe twe^ cafes a^ so iilnillir 
that it^nMsifiaTO emanated fmtk 
tli^*4altle miBdA in both cases. 
l1i6 ' Mortnerfr wdre' calumniat- 
ed. Tliey hid ascribed to them 
iicti<[»fi#lhat'th^ never contem- 
plated; lafo^ives that never en-- 
teMd^^th^i" minds. Tlieir ene- 
mh% preoeeded against them 
not' by ttie ^l»w«, but by iieW 
coitlHivahet'si' it Wa^ JEboM that 
tliiiir* Mdli^'' Wa»^^ off^j^ee 
a^^ainst no law ; and^ therefore, 
ue^^iki^ M'&te hia'doV^ fok Iheir 
piAlwIiteelit' aM'thehr rufio; it' 
wan ifn^Mided that ia ^aie ne- 
ee49^ efihi^ Ibr ^hi4ti.n^ men 
up^alM^liH{y-{>|>risbn: Tins is 
pratdiieAy4h4»lan^i}a^ inade use 
of ''t«i^'jQst1f!y^ ^ thfe proctNjdfngS' 
mad#''as«r ^ uguUn^'youv Ma- 

jesty. Wo know welt l^i it' 
means. We knaw that the 
whole mi*ht be QXfA-e^fted by 
one sii^le hof^d word ; bo^ to^^ 
Q8« that wpcd^ is, ui yfet, idoi^ 
rnoch eten for (hc^* men. 

'Ilie whole nation see* that' 
the main design tiai been to;g>|' 
your MajkHty out 'ojT England." 
iliis is a fact which cannot b^ 
dis^Uit^d. Air: the jirtteuiicd' 
i^imfffftor^Uties, aH the Hcentioibi 
ifitercoiifee,' which has bt^ensn ' 
^laiideik>o%' and tnt'aniou&lv dt?- 
<aarid to hiVe existed ; all these 
would Wave been overlooked, if* 
yo«r Majesty . "ndnld Jiitvx c^u- ' 
seliteci tb abandon ^En^i^ncl? \V 
wii^ yoiiif Majesty's resolution ^to ' 
coinfc heW tliai exasperate^ - 
your enemies; arid yojar I'oyal ' 
resolution to remam here jjiplir' * 
diiveis theM to macFncss. ' ' 

Ther^ is somettifhg so ,m^tuit '^ 
towards the natiQii in thi^ p|rp- 
j^e« foi' forcing y^^r Mn^jesty to. 
residci abroad/ that it has not' 
failed to sliocketery. person €ff' 
correct mmd. And, witb iij*. 
gard to your A(a|e% It is cruelity 
boyohd any tfiing that any per- 
son in the woiid beside ypiir' 
Mftjcsty ^asev^r e:i^rieiimi, 
to drive you from 9 country in 
if^hieh you are beloved/ to be 
a wiinderer' amongst thosp w6o *' 
n|iay care nothing: foir yoiji; to ' 
UtA a wearV and discontoliiit^^^ 
Mfte; to meet old a^e wHltllotft^^ 
cii^i^ing' fe;itiiledfion 0/ ,cottt^ 
fortin«::ass|ociiitesj^^ ittd, 4t'l^; 
to'droj) I1H0 a' Foreign 'grave \* 
^ithbiil a friend ' to ' dos^ yc^r ' 
eveti,' TJie tiian that can desii^' 
this m^st be^ barbarous- in *hiii 
vJBiy .fiatlvre. it is a seri^^' df ' * 
•efvil/' thai ■ otee ' w<*uld ^iiot ^ish' 
td^lM bitieh^t ejiei!rty. SucU ' 

•Digitized by 


Auojuar; H, ISOT. 


awiali would be BiiTAgQ even in 
the brL!:t«tt of ziii Aiy^tnaji or 
ti RiLvsifOi ; hiul dmlE it bv ^aid 
4^1, it fomiii a place in the 
brifMti of «iiy |H>f tiofi of Ihe 
iH^ff>l4> of thiti kiiigxioni f 

Bill, thert! is a otifUiiii d^fHcrij*- 
troiL of nieii in t}ii» coiHUrVi 
wWiii it is not iiooe*sary tbr uio 
utmuh^ly to di'scribdv la your 
M»je!ity» who liavc long^ since 
dbciLftled yvery ftfeliog- of Uri* 
munily ; and who are prepared 
for iuiy and for ev^ry act iiotitsA- 
^ury to prcvcntwhat liiey deem 
'injury to tbemselves* 1, thi*re- 
iore, beg- leave humbly to siig-- 
^9&t to your Majosly, that no- 
thiog' on the pari of these men, 
-ou^lil to bo regarded u.i irupro- 
btible« btM;au»^ it is uiuiatural 
and inofiKtrqus, 

111 iUq mag-nitude, in the over* 
^woki m%njitude of e\ili tljero 
)j ^ometimeft, howerer^ good in 
th^ result. ThJe excessive desire 
of your cucmieA to ch:ije you 
from tlie chores of Etin-laHd, 
win, I am couvinced, be the 
cau^ of defeating its own pur- 
pose. And if it fkil of thii^ pur^ 
pose, it wiEl afft^ct no other. It 
will leave your Majesty more 
be Loved thau you would have 
been if it had never existed. It 
will in the end have the effect 
-of prodiiciiig to you some com- 
pc&sation for your snIferingT*. 

From ihe moiuent of your 
Mi^e&ty'^ arrivingr ainon^a^t Ui 
it wai evident^ that liie uobilily. 
had taken their side, 1 o hear 
their creature^ of tho press at- 
!ege motives of moraiitg for 
. thi^, eKciled ridicule m \\M ab 
couicmpt • efipucially when we 
considered of wha| persons the»o 
ri^d moralialf con|i>led. Tii§ 

fniblir were nnl to be deceived 
by a t><>or urLtlke Itkie thii ; and 
the real motrvo b«in;r perceived^ 
loi^eUier with iti bein^ welii 
rcrcollected that thq»e who ai«': 
now the bitlere^'eahuumalord 
oryotir Majesty w^^re amoupit 
the moi^l zealous apotojristd for 
conduct which was censurcni in 
l!i0 cose of i/r«. rifir*ff / Whuii 
the puMit took tbii^Tiew of the 
matter, they wanted very litti© 
to eii&hlti them to cxpJajB th^ 
motives of the mor&iiats .whi> 
kepi aloof from yoiirMajesly j r, 
and the condtision they drewii- 
was precisely the ccint/ary of>' . 
that vV'bicli it wna, ejcpected they 
would 1mvedrawrt« I'hey sawi 
in short, the molive for sliunnin^ \ 
yourMdjesly* and were Very far ' 
from looking upon th*? act aiait 
exaiitple to folio w. 

From one person, bonnd to 
yoiif Majesty by the tendere^^l * 
ties^ next io those of husband, » 
chikl, and parent, tliev did ex- ' 
pect every thing calculated to 
soothei to cheri^ih, to Blreik^th^ii 
and to nplioldyou. AJai ! th^y 1 
were disiippointed even in this ? ' 
This di^ap[>oititment, however, 
severely a» yoti mi»i have felt ' 
l^^e eau&e of it, will eventually ' 
be beneficial to your Msje^ly. 
E very man, and es p ec i u lly every ■ 
youag man, who has* been ablu 
to imagine himself placed in the * 
8*1 lua t io n of y oar 8 on*in -i a w^ h a * - 
al&o imagiued wilir what eajgfef* - 
ness he would have rushed to ^ 
your support, and have bid de- 
fiance to ail danger for the sake \ 
of seeing you supported and 
njgrhlod. Kverv Kuch man has en- 
vied the Prince of 8axe Coburg- 
such an opportunity of dbplayin^ *- 
lho*e qualiiiea, the possessiou > 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


To TH1C QtJEeK. 


of whioh'aM fkribeyrad eTePf1l7''v^lien*lb0y'eoadttdedHKfit if 
thiftg that Mlinstera ami Kin^ ntt support "by them' 'yO|i^ 
can iMAloir. And every »9cli wonld be without support. ' '' *^ 
noMfliovv aeea ia that Prhioe'^ ^Theire apptfiirs to.hkVe 'beett^ 
n«lhiiurio^»#f. ''^ '4n errlir prf^tMfot'in yottf Mi^ ^ 

«Y#w lfi9iat|F^ hat been Ml jesty^s mind at the ti^ of ^ettr ^ 
sokdy 46 fUm people ; hiit m> a 'arrival ; or, At leftst, an err(^ m ' 
W19 rinipalarty advaatag^MM te^ these who adi4sed vear Majesty * 

yenrleli: • Had^you heeUv mh^ 
rofiaded by eo^nrlieta, the-feel* 
ini^' of thQ nation would hate 
bean aiaoh less strong ^h«i h 
new. is, and ^aid not hate 
pioved effideni to your proteo^ 
tionir ¥ottr.Bf%jesty is in some 
nmasgye M^fctated to thi p^^ple 
to4$hpeste|r>yettf prindpalad^ 
iriaetiisnd. friend, li the whole 
nation coiM luvreyoled man by 
nian;ihey would latTe assigned 
that office to Mr. Alderman 
Wopd» who owes net his reputa- 
tion to kny lud^ accident ^ to 
any ib4fif#e, te any cabal, to 
I iitwMinin- /Wealth suddenly ae- 
quiied ; to any of the arts by 
which Bsea abquire pepnlarity ; 
but to a lilit of uprtfht conduct, 
to gffent and disuiterested zeal 
for the paJalic welfieffs ; atid es^ 
peoia^y tei -his uniforqa active 
hmsanity^pbn all occasions 
whose -aofldffing. innocence has 
presented itself befisre him* It 
was th^se things Uial^nade him 
Lord.HajrOff of (iondesi.two suc^ 
cesiiiFe .yeats^ winches an honor 
fargreaHer than Aheee of fifty 
Didun ptti.toipdtfaeri To hate 
suck^n MdUn for ta< friend is WON 
thytof-any-aovepsign; and the 
bareicirtUmstanoe of hie being 
thooUef admerjol :3Mir Ma^ 
jesty, wsiaa saflMent guarantee 
to .the'.Batiesi ithai the charges 
preforsad wainst-yeu were bhse 
aadcalnminaas fal^rieatlotts, se 
that the noliilTtyredioned folse* 

to throw ycfnrself and ;yoU|^' 
< cause upon the House of Oi>m- '. 
mens. That Housel was hb trf-' 
bunal by whicti your Majesty [^ 
'ought to hate been judged.*,^ 
Being eecosed of crimes, you * 
'liad, like other persons, to put '. 
' 'yo^ ease at issue. before a jury^ ' 
This not bem£^ granted^ no other 
tribmial ought to have beiti 
acknowledged by yoff. To ex-' ' 
press conMence in the House \^^ 
of Commons was unnecessary i'\ 
and if persevered in; wouMhav^* 
led'.to every ^consequence Which 
your Majesty must be desirbds**" 
to obviate. Thd resolution of * 
that House, ^cbmmunicated 'to, ' 
you by deputation, was such is * 
might have better received no' 
answer *at all, seeing^ that this *' 
was the only instance in vvhicfa ^ 
either House of Parliameiit had 
attempted to approach a Queen 
in atiy other way than that of '. . 
address. Your Majestjr might 
have remembeted, too, that yqn 
received no address of condo- " . 
lence on the death of your bro- ' * 
f her, though that brother lost * 
his Iffo in gallantly fighting for 
England; and that you recmf e^ ' ' 
no address of condolence ^pon' ': 
another' Occasion stAl more 
deeply interesting to your feel- I 
inga: Tb tfddr^ss'on these Mib- ' \ 
jects, 'and, indeed, .to addi^ ' ' 
you tttair-has been reserved for ' 
the people; for thoite who ho- ' 
nestly express th^ir foeKngs; for ^ 

Digitrzed by CjOOQ IC 

Avovtf if^iaso. 


those .wIi^Mm heui ismiesiij 
Ifmi^ .hi k9^ fWlM<M by Mflm 

.: ,^' 

^ . .pidaftMindiBd ; no ior 

lk|^, IjfeiicwIlQ mmtrigvuAf 

oQ^mi^a mtk youf M|y#9Cy. 
TEey, 8^«ri&(^ ^v#cy tbio^ to 
Ilu4 iusi^e o|>jeci. 'Hie- rimcoc 
ioo^ ^bibi^iPD 9t l»9f^ Jobs 
RiiiMrt in J9^ addreas W 1)^U-* 
bntiforee,. wfll doiibtloM bave 
mi^Q your^Afi^^ tiolle. To 
so6 li^ prou^'M^big' jcr^wlinip 
ioj)i^ obsolete 9imi, i#d trying 
to creep u^t{» fsonseqnenee iumIm 
the pQyofi^ pf tUb gftrb of 
^6^t|f ji ooiy sbows ti^t Ihoie 
lAj^^ifg-Ati .which faction, wriU 
alcqpili ^f(i$f, to «cco«it^sh its 
pvsfpqwB. . Bnt:, your Majes^ 
<M^' el^ttaln no appipahenaions 
f^om inaniBdyres of this sort. 

ijbis cbival^ou^yonng noble- 
9^^ does not aclventiire to ret 
cot^Diend tp the Saint to utter 
u^tjui^y. .which can, even by 
unification, be consteued into & 
sopuosition. of your Majesty 'a 
^mipble innqecffice.. ,Hisadve«-* 
UmfQs s]Hrijt oairies hini no far^ 
iher thi)i 1^ deprecate a trial r 
aodl^jlrust it JB not a want of 
•doe charity tjiat induces roe to 
believe that iie would pievent 
« trials because he would pre^ 
iwnl ypor .Majesty from entering' 
<m l&^ fjM eiyoyment of your 
lighfiK. It i^ difficult to make 
««iit yim^ he meanil, b9t we gar 
tber, upon, the whole, that he 
neaB| tb^i the question sb^ukL 
not he. brought to. issue, but 
^t ypp Mije^ty fhoiild be 
fAMfihi. 1^ a , state of surveil 

thai isio say, tome bis 
or thougiM, 

that yo«r MsgMY'siielrtd'fW 
cooaUM^wtMehm bythe'ffft^ 
Hm» mv/m of th» n afc iit»y^ 
Whether the poea yoM|i lo«i 
be iii hia. fight mini « nsl,' 1 
eamot my ; but tMa I know, 
IhaA^ if one had a mind ^ be ill 
natttned, one might render ilitm 
«Ms41eof hia aavkjetet ol*ner^ 
rfmenlforamontk * ' ^ 

it wiU be better soberljMtt 
draw a i^efol letsbii lh>ai tbet^ 
m^setaUe attemfitaat^*^nntoiil 
They diaeover le uaVeryf flnearljf 
the wMmeas elt^the' OMsr tiT 
your Majesty^ inemiea, wImos6 
osHflgtviogft aro* seen- ^ ^aea y . 
stieptthal^ they lake, t Prom Ibo 
momttit they petcehred tiwt ili. 
was yourMajest^'S'rieciattolitttt. 
remain in Bngtend, tfa^^-iaef^ 
daunted^ Theyknew notwb4f to 
do. Proerastinatiott becane-n^ 
oessary ; and Ishall be TeryiniMla 
deceived if the vmucb talked ^eC 
trial . be . not> at laait, 4ilttbe» 
postponed. One (>o$tpene»en^ 
after another tb^* ttixy hiape 
will laU the spiriiiof tbopabileV 
and^in-this, too^ they iwill ind 
themselves deeemed. Bnt^upetal 
what ground cm any^osipo0e<< 
ment take plaee I Tii0re >Ueir 
tke BM. This Bill has pn>.* 
claimed yoxxt Majesty to She' 
wliole world as a person stained* 
with the most distioiNnirable of 
crimes. And istbb Bill to re« 
main unanswered by yon ? is the^ 
calumny tordnsain foryoanr^ife ? 
For,- if the trial can be post* 
poned ibr a wnek, it can te 
postponed for ever, fiilber let 
tbem declare thai Bill a oalum^ 
ny, or proceed at once to tbeir 
threatened trial. . : . 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


,1^ fQkiQttM/v 

oGMtc«ipttiieu thi pertamt^ 
%lM^ off . Lo«d JMw.TitoBaell ^ 
y#iif ftli^tyimlU'^raetvt i» It 
ak^QQUiMtKktfoa of In ^^w^rw 
lMiM<0«iafittialM «i; :fiie wm^ 

mwMlym^ Mojicsty. ^' Airmiil 
thU^ftteHrfm^ lifliiiy DMsM^it^ 
•l«|g:te iQJbe maolved om iltlie 
ifi««Bee4ed mi wp^ 
the day appoifttedi; youv^Ma^ 
jaMgr witt» dotiiile», aot safer 
yMfaetf Id ibaM ttioek«d mi# 
iiiitcwihiy the n p ttni -ol ulo iw^* 
tiiift|iiHi< A'Cur 4tial ia wmt joor 
Ht^Mly Mttlip^yt ^ ta ^ aod ttt 
Ymt a<^coaei» kare at lait a^ 
^iDt^d % daj for what Uwy eall 
f .trill) ^ tmd \i (bay ^Aat attaal^ 
^ pimead as tfaaf day, yo«r M»* 
jaalji win dmbtiata pmead itt>* 
aMriialiiljutQ^entaf oathefall pot- 
aeattQiiciCall yom rirlilsaaQaaea 
oClfaiatUiigciiMik 1 6ai>aee but 
iM foii blo dangcT' to wMcb 
j^w Utajeaty wBt be expoaad; 
and tbat ja,.to.a eomproinise of 
aocoa; iMv^ Your ' enemies are 
bapighty^the^ ate iiu»o4e«t/MMl 
^y'.ara.Tainv bpit^ they ace 
aiaai . ^aieaa . loal , cowardly. 
Uaagbty.inefMiTO^olte* the T#fy 
baieit of pen^ilBOw ATitry.prOi' 
ftmtidL .Dibserv^ baS' mid\ that 
" oil mitn^i aticf : crotclf tif » are' 
V pedbnpad id. thp saiile attl- 
«* tnde." Aad it ia nery taiie 
that a boy ciawlia^: tifiaii tlie 
ground jaacy hO'takeaapd pbMd* 
against, the tftiiikofa4raet%rilh^' 
dut 4)ipdtiQiH9 aay cAatife u^ 
tbef)ottflreof hit UMb^. lieiir 
Majeaty bait had a freaideal^^ 
esfierieaea aKoagat eo(tHieni> 
yen have lecti tbM climb and- 
been ithem «caMil« They ^tie- 
rally begrin by. criti^ny, ai^' 

iri»teifiMi«ad'> u tf U i ^W t ilfc ■ Mi^ 
enMrl^ald^ t|i«; gt^tfd^MUft* 
they begfO' ^o^iioMd' Ihb'^i^liilt . 
in Older to nealfc themtoeH^a^til. 

aiadttyit-4lN>-1e in i tot' iiAh i|fci<nw%' 
the fruit ' ^' '^wim^w/*¥^ 
ualiifyitttrss «C^ibdleMoi«*r,^*Mt^ 
arawl agaki) mI*"!!^ i»i'fMi 
way that th#)F ^^^ ii§#'<Md««^ 
vciwio^F^ir^kch*^iir MajfcWj ^ 
' They ' hit% prM^lnMi^ 5Hci>^. 
haiMl»d ibur tkiiMB 'tMhiimi-, 

boIVvio^t ^M ^^y yf'^ 1*^ 
endeatoiir fa^regiiib ^hattlifei^ 
bave Idet bybland'tBMmetoU;''«iid^ 
bjl all ibru <tf aHtieeai NoMaM> 
njg 4a ap>f6aish yo<i dir^^yi. 
they will i*ako itidiree> ii^ 
MOaehes lli^ wtti eiirieaV6l)f^ 
by teeoiMl habtf fe^JH to Mikit- 
yo« believe that" Ib^ have^Mt 
beetr* iff eairiie^l Kll^ ihit wMUfi 
Thefk* will send y^OkklMlrfK^Mlft 
mtibwidaBee', iM^f ymriKt 
>8ljF will receive Aew/ tKNI' 
wiU act fa the4^tMe ee^a^^ 
of mcftt sineere frieDda <>f ybtir 
Majesty and ef ^ost IMtMtf 
9pMs of yoiif Mi^R^i^^ TM*r^ 
in no Iriek <^ eoafrWtnee, wlAllIb 
eanbtBg ean' mggHi tad HMmn^ 
iie«a combined with* h^potMy^ 
c«ft ' exeeole, winch * Ih^ wMl 
nM'pet m motion loWlhite y^ 
IVft^ity* to^ yield ffod ^^Ml> 
jiMt^ whafi yea \^v^ seorS^II^ 
Jyi^ld from th^ feiar ^iih WM^ 
|tlft>y b^re endean^ottfed to' hi^ 
;«pir#yoo. " >• 

lto#«e<i«r> lot my own pbft*f 
am in* tie ay^befisMf do ^iffil^ 
»ti^i in^wMeh r^ped*! aAl sa«^ 
ttc«ed i Ibe) lite Hie pbopte^** 
^peMfaU Timr Mnjeniy*^ fi«^ 
^eoMdaot i» a gmirantee f<W i%V , 
fbtore. The* resotntton taken^M 
Hi: Omem> and* the im6 ahd^ 
oPie&eeatiiig< that'-m^ 

Digftized by CjOOQIC 


Ai^VlT W, WW. 

lation, cftfi knYC no fFjirs r^ the | 
tnincl of any one bs to the lint? 
"Which ytTur Mnjcsly will pursue 
.upon Ibe npproHcliin^ occasion. 
lioiig and cn»cl us your siiffcr- 
iogn hmve beeiK tht* time i$ nolj 
distant when those snlTt^Hrigs 
will re Civile their compe filiation. 
It is drfticiiU to any uhfther it 
be a j^od or an e\\\ lo suffer 
greatly and to enjoy great coni- 
pemtktion i or, at l^u^l, it i* dif- 
tfctiit to siiy whether lhe?^e be 
not preferable to an absence of 
borrow, and aJ:^o an ab-^^oncc 
of great triumph. It will re- 
quire much to make your Mn- 
je«ty amends for all your unuie- 
rited persecution ; but, if the 
remainder of yOur life fipenl 
amongst a people who will lovo 
and honour you, can make yon 
that amends, there h n6 man in 
Enj^lnnd wlio doubts that you 
will receive it* Your enemies 
hitvc accused the people of dis- 
loyalty ; and iinhuppily the slan- 
d^reri huve hitherto been be- 
lieved. To tbeiic slander;* the 
comlnci of the people towards 
your Mrijebty is the best answer ; 
and now these slanderers have 
fi[HiDd out that disloyalty consthig 
in di.Hiiiterc^ted attachment to a 
Qi^en. Hnalttlionj hitherto re- 
gard^ ns »o i^lortoit4, is now 
the biigbear eoiynred np to 
friffaten the timid and the fool^ 
iah. Your Majesty h too wise to 
participate in the sot-fiiekcnin^ 
ftlarm. 1 1 h for the coward- 
ly, the debouched^ the com- 
panion of drunkards^ of ^a mo- 
oters, and of filthy tale^beart « ■ : 
it is fof tbo^ who can neitl^er 
walk nor speak till stimulated 
by potions : it if for Mich to be 
haunted with tho fear of revolu- 

tion^ ami to turn pale §irJtik 
»hoiit of a holidny ttmi^ '¥#liM' 
Majesty has hvcn the wo^dv«%M 
travelled in iiiho5pH«btoTO(niir(' 
triei*, hnn been nicked 4>y:^^Mto 
wnviTt of tlie mu, ^ndi itfepi 'Wi* 
der tht? thuiwJit^r!* of Ihfs^Mvr^ 
Y'oiir Mrtjciily hao cupwriirnbej 
that ^Tvni ie^dvcr of kOOwla%^ 
yonr^ natural conrajere,.lKi^ baoii 
cfjiilirriied by a fHnijlif«f|ljjr''.Wtb ; you nre CfipuM^./^rf 
-^:reat cxertipn, ^roai^ <i|>pKyni<» 
Ijon, arc blessed witlf^rVM^:^|H 
iltude of mindt ui\d ajN^.tc^nWlBf 
of arUuoius i^]Tpti4:»tion| ii^^illlr 
» 11 these e I j«lo w meiila j6lm»ii 
with a liif[»f>y c^uis^itttion^ jiild 
those »iaui>er?« which*- ai^v.fiir 
once a $ul>ie^t of admif|iUQil Miik 
of dread with yo«f eti^fwiesy 
comniotlons, convukiema, t<sto-^ 
lutions, may come, if yjow fcioe^ 
rnies win hjive it &o : bii«t> evea> 
in the mid^t of tbe««» yonr Ma^^ 
jcirty would have RplHlng ^t« 
I fear, • • • ! 

The writer of Ibf*- T»p#f 
I knows, probably, a^ mMth;' ai[ 
most rthen how the •p9ibll& iitf 
EH*rla»Kl feel ^\^th legtrA t& 
your Maje.Hly : aiitl be hnpfi^i' 
to know more than nfoal/iileii of 
. the feelipc^ upon Iho suhie.^ilri^ 
Iject of the people inr Aitotick^ 
I la that coitiiiry whett the: sui 
clety is eorn posed of ' lif - mbmlr 
and reli;^ionit |«eoplQ as aily'iir 
I the world, aud where* -^^y^ 
thrnp of impor lance relating toi 
En^lamlt is as ^ell understooct 
as it is here ; it is the adiver^al 
opinion, that yonr Mi^Bty has, 
from the firf^t been most unjustly 
and cruelly tn?aled. Th^ soli- 
citude fr>r your Mf^jeity's wel- 
fare is not jLTreater even In Eng*- 
land than it h m that eouulry. 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 

Warwick Assicfe*. 


1 4mte a thoMtafid. times been 
^iA4d wiietber i thonglit, tfiat 
"*« f09r Prin^e^" Svonld 
lumijMliee done her, when she 
cMMe to be Qteen. When the 
Mws arrived of the death t^ 
the Princess Qfaarlette/tfae Eaf*. 
liah eonsol, at tiie dty of New 
York ealled a meetings to ad- 
^ dnsi faift pr^ent Majesty upon 
the suhjeet; and the meeting 
|M6hred also that an address of 
eondotenoe should be forwarded 
to year If ajesty. The consol, 
whose name is Buchanan, atid 
who was appomted to his office 
by Oastlereagh, havmg^ object- 
od to this, he was obligped to 
withdraw and yet his own ad- 
diess t6 the Recent signed in a 
€««fer. The people of that 
coantry are v^ry good jrtdges of 
abe question. They have r^ad 
•very thing relating to it^, and 
in the whole tep millions I do*! 
wm believe that teh are to be 
fotond whose kindest and most 
aedemt wishesaretibt with your 
Ifcijesty. Your Majesty's erte- 
mies have made you an object of 
interest all over theVorld. 
Tlwy have ekcited a feelin* in 
your favour to the ends of the 
earth. The people of England 
have llM^eves of aU nation&4ipon 
them at this moment ; and the 
world will'kee that Englishmen 
willdo their duty. 

With sentiments of the pro 
ftmndest respect. 


Fu'th 1 I find that this is w 

peep, but a very fvil look at the 

Uiing. This work is o( a lar 

more extensive nature,! am to(d« 

than was anticipated. Thec6n^, 

plications and ramifications, ,f|i0 

hnks, the books, and the ties'aoii 

so numerous, that the work re^ 

quires about twenty time« the 

labour that it was expected, to 

require. However, if re^^i 

^peak truths the labour will iiot 

be lost; for the thing is said^to 

be really prodigious. ,U wm,.X 

am told, make it's appetfranoe, 

on Tuesday next, or on Wed^ 

nesday &t latest ; and if the a«^' 

thbrs take my advice, -they will 

dedicate it to her M^esty, th^ 

Queen j^ for it appears tpr m% 

more likely to. be of use tp U^ 

Majesty, than to any other; porv 

son in the kingdom, though it 

cannot foil, 1 think, to be' of 

great use to us all. 



, Your Majesty's 
Most obedient and most 
humble servant, 


The result of thef prosecution* 
against Mr. Wooler, Major' 
Cartwright, Mr, Lewis, Mr. ^ Ad- * 
docks, and Mr. Edmonds, is: 
such as will surprise nobody 
who has been an observer of* 
what has been passing for so^e 
time. The Defendants behaved 
with great courage, and display-^ 
ed in their defence great am-' 
lity. They are amongst the 
many that have been doomed lb ' 
suffer in this great stroffgl.e.-t*i.* 
But, they ought to feel c6nsoled • 
by •he reflection, that the cause 
of truth and justice will finally • 
triumph. T-hey are amongst" , 
those men, who wiH hei'eaflerbe* 
object* of nsttfonki- gratrtade.^ • 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 

AvQVkTi%, low. 

\f»A aai^ him on fbe 
ivy concladed) that 
wtftdd have been unable to 
iUeikl, '' But// said Mr. Moore, 
''here lam.** {Ajiflduse*') The 
M^ject which, they bad to con* 
il^erwaa i^t noisome,'^ pesti- 
JbNttto, infections, scurrilons. 
Use tad fllthv green bag.*^ 
(Cheers). The Queen— God pro- 
tect her ! (loui cheers and 
ilhmUs of Amen !)'-**wa8 only a 
irfeat iost^mient by whitb the 
mi^eration of.|}ie rights of 
^ people of E^land 'was 
weight before the country^ In 
dte^Ming her rigljts they pro- 
tected th§if own— in supporting 
their own nghis .tb^y ut)held 
hcx^s. (^Applause.} jFpr they 
would give him leave to ^ay, 
Oat this foul Bill of Pains and 
l^enaltiefr-^he would cair it a 
bill of fitls'ehoc^ and perjif ries» 
-—was intimately connected 
with the liberties of the people. 
(^Applause.) If it were passed, 
it Would be a disgrace for any 
man to sit in the House of Com- 
mons. They would be, in that 
case^ no longer ondel* the con<» 
troqlaiid protection of fixed and 
e$tab1ished law : and none but 
^lie minions ofpoweN^nonebut 
the persecutors pf this unfortu- 
nate lady*«-wonid be fit to sit in 
iVliament. (AppUmse.) Mem-^ 
beis of Parliament mi&^ht say 
what they would, fc)ut the voice 
of the people ' ought to be 
olii$yed« To support the int^- 
mts Qi the people pught to be 
^Mr pfimary stud^^-rall else 
was di|en« {Applause,} ' If mem- 
bers ^Mji ^not go to the House of 
^' \ tp' protect the rights 
[Qip^^rppresentatives against 
1 . iptf nds, such as were 

now attempted, tiiey had better 
slay away. {Af>jihtiae.y Tlie 
people, under such cireumatan- 
ces, would be better wfthout a 
House of CommonSj siDC^s it 
only became a legtil inrtmmeift 
of oppression. (Okeer**) Hd 
had for a long' time been re- 
turned to Parlbment for the 
same city. This honour, he he* 
lieved, had beeii conferred on 
him, on account of the fiefplifv 
and consistency of his condnri 
During the period that he had 
sat in ParlTMTient he bad see^ 
many of these grr^en bag^. It 
was not, therefor**, to an insu- 
lated green ba^, but tOthe syi- 
tern — to a prolongation of grce^ 
ba^-s— that he cutled their at- 
tention. The sjatem be^an with 
HJr, Pitt, at the commencement 
of the French war, It had gone 
on for a long senes of yearSf, 
and, if not stopped now^ it 
would go on tiil nothing was 
left of the constitution but tht; 
name, (Applavse,} He bald 
Scanned the contents of various 
green bags for twenty year^, 
during wliich he had been a re- 
prt^sentative of the people ; arid 
he had paid attention to others 
for ten years before he had at- ' 
rived at that honour They hsd 
ha(i many green bags ; but they 
would begin with Uvm or six inji 
bundle. Gentlemen knew wliat 
the Civil List was. (Laughter, 
€md eriea o/" *' Yes!") Thej 
kne%v it, at all events^ by name. It 
was what the American Ceneril 
liGCt in his celeb fa tf^d Letter to 
the King of Poland, called the 
source Irom which Members of 
Parliament were bribed. Ih 
Mr. Burke's bill for regulatiii^'^ 
the Civil Libtj a dause y^&!i in- 

■ Digitized by CjOOQIC 


Middlesex Mbetikg. 


troduced, and continued for a 
lan^ time afterwards, which set 
forth certain provis^lon^ which 
were Eecessary ** for the more 
efTcctuaiUy preserving the inde- 
]>endence of Member^) of Par- 
lianient" But, latterly^ that 
ciatiie had hcen left oiil ; so that 
it wa* 00 w ulmList avowed, tbat^ 

,^ General Lee said, the CiYil 

.Xfist i^aa the source. of parlia- 
meoiar^ corruption. Dunpg the 
la|e leaga. t^ey had several. of 
tbeM jpreen bags, or rather they 
|iad matters connected with the 
CStU List repeatedly laid before 
select conmittaes. When a 
message came from the Throne* 

. M it Wi^ said (but, in fact, it was 

' the message pf ministers — the 
King was mostly ignorant of it, 
and, let him have ever so good 
M heart, he was likely to be de- 

' eetTed>) tt ^lect committee was 
aplKiiimd.totake it into consi« 

. decatiop. These committees^ 
for spn^e years past, had been 

' caned op to transact a deal of 
business. The. ooqipa^t which 

^ was entered into at the com- 
mencement of the last return was 

' iM0,000l. per annum. The Civil 
List, liowever, soon got into 
srre&r^ — arrears of 5€0|000t of 
BOOyOOOL hiid of 1,000,0001. 
accrued from time to time. — 
Bleiiages came down from the 
Throne on thi^ subject, which 
were> as usual, sent to a select 
^imntitte^. To whom were 
thb»e iiie»sag:es referred 1 Why, 

*to the very mt*n who wanted 

' the money. {Grmi applauite.) 
It waii very true that members 

of the Opposition were frc 

qiiently jilaced on those com- 

mlttcoti — and, hy-and-by, when 

' Tm came to i^peak of the suspen* 

sion of the Habeas Corpus Act, 
which was eifected through the 
medium of a Green Bag, he 
wouli show what the Oppo^i-' 
tioh "had done; was ^e-* 
termined, on a , great pubtic 
questibn, neither to spare his 
friend nor his enemy, (jjp- 
plttuae.) Whei) a , message of 
the kind ^o which ' ho had aU 
loded v^'as submitted to a com- 
mittee, a member might move, 
as his friend, Mr. Tierney, had 
often done, " that such and such 
persons be called and examined, 
and directed to produce their 
vouchers' for the sums claimed 
by them." "O! no;'' said 
members, ** that won't do at 
all ; if we do that, we must be 
detected. No; we must have 
no examination of persons— wb 
must keep to the dry vote— yea 
or no; and, as* there were ge- 
nerally about 18 ministerial to 
3 opposition votes on these cons* 
mittees, the sum called for waa 
voted. This was a good pic- 
ture of a Green Bag C^mmitlee, 
though it went under the de- 
nomination of aCivil Li£t €oni« 
mittee. ' The only differenee 
bi^tween the two was this t-f- 
the Green Bag Committee actecl 
when some attack was to to 
made An the Constilution-^tlje 
Civil List.Committee ejtetted it» 
powers when a portion of pro- 
perty was to be taken froip the 
people. As he had before said, 
the compact with the Crown 
fixed the Civil List at 800,6002. 
^ year ; . but in the cbirse of 
time it had increased to nearlyr 
1,400,0Q0/., and, besidei t^aC 
sum, arrears to the amount of 
9,500,0001. were paid off it dit- 
fercnt periods; Such w<s iba 

Digitized by CjOOQ Ife 


XvQ.v%T 11, rs^o. 



Piirstiant to a ptiblio reqtiisi 

tion, dire clod to ibc Slit^riff of 

Mulcllesex, a meetin;^ was held 

on Tncisdny at IIig &it!rm^id ta- 

verfi, Hackney, to talie irili> 

ci>n^ideralioit tlie propriety of 

pres^entuig" an Address to the 

QiKM^n. The meeting- was rtxed 

for twelve o*clock; lint at thnt 

hour very few individuals had 

^aiiSeoibled. Before one o'clock 

the ^reat rootn was complett'ly 

]lilleri, nnd the S fie riff not muk- 

jiiig' his appearance, much dmap- 

jpmbation was shewn. At hfdf- 

.pitsi one o'clock Mr. Sheriff P(ir- 

kin^ ntade \m appcartinrc, and 

was received with much ap- 

plaiLse. He was arcornpanied 

by Mr. P. Moore, Dr. Farr, Mr. 

Sum. Wliitbread, Mr. Alderman 

Waithmao, and Mr. Aldermali 

Wood, who were hailed with 

the most cnthnsiastic cheers. 

After a short pauhc Mr. Stic- 
nflt PAiiiCiNS advanced to the 
front of the hufrting^, and opo- 
fogizcd to the UASrmhly for the 
delay w^hif^h, he observed, had 
i^navoidably taken place. A 
pen lie man, whose ppe.sence was 
absolkdely necessary on ibis oc- 
sloQ. had been accidentany de- 
Ijiyed on the road, and to that 
. circiifn5 La ore alone was fbe post- 
ponement of the proc43odtn^i^ to 
he altrihoied. He wnrdd now 
pfo<jeed to bnslncss in a snin- 
. niary way ; bnt before he did 
* so, he wished to ^a^ a few* 
. words to the meeting' ; and; (br 
fear they should be misrepre- 
sented, he w-onld have them 
^dd. He then prp€Lt'^t:d to 

read a wrilten paper, in wfnclj 
he CO n 1 f > I a i n e d , q f ' 1 1 1 e yen in lUy 
\tt the newspaper press » cha-ir* 
in*r itj in frcneralj witti send ng 
for(h unfaKlifni slalenie^ls to 
tfie public of the proceedings 01 
[)td:>Iic men, and declaring that 
no man had betjn mota ^frfc- 
qnenlly mlsrepresenli?d'' V!^ jl 
than he had been : and he^aS 
cased the press of the metropo- 
lis w'itfj bcin*r subservient to 
those who paid it I vest. From 
this^eiieral censure he excluded 
the i^unday news^>aper-u I'nuh 
amidst the host nf latent and 
integrity wdi i c h i hat pa r t of t h e 
public press com j arises, he par* 
t i c u I arly se ! ee ted ) 7* c Kra m in cr , 
The CtifiJifitntitm, and The In- 
ffepeufimt IVhi}^! TJie hist- 
menlioned paper Iiad voUintai- 
rily and ^[^ratuiUjusly inserted 
the adveriisement relall^'O tt> 
1 1 1 i' 1 u e e li n;r o f thi fi d ay . which 
77* e Ti m rs n e ws i* ape r h ad r<> 
fused' to receive unless paid foV 
beforehand. The address then 
went on in substance to declare 
Mr. Sheritr rarkins'sopinioii that 
nieetingTs of this description \i'QtB 
calculated to defeat rather than 
to serve the ^reat object whJcli 
all {jood men had in view^^ — that 
of conciliatiori. He, however^ 
was ready to sacrifice his own 
private opinions to iftc* senti- 
ments expressed J/va!ar^e bodv 
n f re !i f 1 r la b 1 e i n f h v i d j i a Is. 11 lo 
priin:i]de that *^ovijrned his con- 
duct on this occHsion was, that 
the most exal trd officer in, t>{e 
s^tate, was only tlie highest ser- 
vant of the nation. Ihnl prin- 
ciple bc^ liad alwavs professefi ; 
h'> hod brou;rht it uilh Inni iulo 
office, and he should aUraysad- 
here to it. Would to God thjit 
-i; ',•"'- ^'.'_ 

Digitized by^ VjOOO IC 


MipD'LKtiEX SIeeViK'c. 


A prdper re^jiect for the feelings 
of great public bcidiot was more 
attended to by the three estates 
af tbe realm I if th»t had been 
the case, ^he qiie:^tioti which the 
IVeehotders were no w asseml^led 
to casvass would never have 
come under ibeir canMderation. 
In coriclusiion, the worthy She- 
riff, hy hk address, expressed 
}us desire that notliin^ shoald be 
olTered to the meeting saVe 
what was strictly in unison with 
the lerfo^ of the requisitipn. 

The requisition (signed by 68 
freeholders) callb^ on the She* 
riff to convene the meeting, was 
then read. 

A person, whose name ;we 
* understood to be Flannagan, 
moved that the correspondence 
between Mr. Sheriff Rothwe|l 
and Mr. SherifT Piirkins be read 
to the meeting. 

Mr Sheriff Parkins said he 
hfi a DiiiRber pf papers on the 
siibject adverted to, which were 
>t the^service of thehon. gentle- 

Mr. Plannaoan observed, 
that he wished those documents 
to be read, in order to shew to 
the meeting why Mr. Sheriff 
Rothwell was**not present on 
this occasion. 

Mir. P. Moore said, as (he 
. correspondence was complimen- 
tary to the Sheriff, he thought 
it ought to be read: 

Jtf r. Sheriff Parkins. — " As 1 
am not a man of compliment, 1 
will dispense with it." — (Ap- 

Mr. r. Moore then proceeded 
to ilddress the meeting. — He be- 
jgan by observing that his name 
was not attached to the reqnisi- 
tioB which had just been read ; 

but he cettninly. wpuld bave 
signed it if he had had timely 
notice that sveb a meeliiig was 
in conteo4Jation. H^ had been, 
on all occasioDi^, mof t %appy t^ 
meet his brother freeholaeri 5^ 
the county of Middlesex, When 
they thought pfojier to cMer^ 
the discussion oifanv gt^t sub^ 
ject connected with public af« 
fairs. He attended for thkt piuN 
pose on the pr^s'ent oecasion. 
Some gentlemen, who meant to 
have taken a prominent part iti 
the proceedinfi^, having been 
accidentally delayed on the rdid, 
he wa^alled on to introduce 
the subject to the meeting, and 
he would fulfil the task which 
had devolved on him to the best 
of his ability. They w'ere, he 
conceived, muelv indebted io 
their patriotic Sheriff-— and it 
was not often they m0t a patrio- 
tic Sheriff; Mayor, or Magistrate, 
who would call thetn together 
for the purpose of consulting on 
the safety of the constitution-^ 
to him they were much indebt- 
ed on this and on many other 
occasions, for his readihe^ ih 
acceding to the popidar v6ice. 
(Cheers.) As the worthy. She- 
nfr dispensed with the compli- 
ment which was <5ontiuned m 
the documents that had been 
recently adverted to, he (Mr. 
Moore) deemed it proper that 
the substance of those documents 
should be stated, because, jn 
\m opinion, a complinient ' ^6 
well merited ouffht not to be 
lost. {Apptausel) Be would 
now proceed to the business of 
the day, and he hoped they 
would ihake some degree of al- 
lowance for an ipyalid, for sucli 
he was. Indeed, sOUie gentle 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


AUGC&T \2, 1820. 


Green Bii^ which had been 
J*Uiy laid bcfort^ Parlmiiient 
The fifst vTas the most reverend 
hihi-t ill God^ the ArcfabUhop of 
Camk^burj ; then c&ine the 
Arcbl^khop of \ork ; and after 
him tim Primmte of Irdaiid, — 
What tlie devtl bad tbe Primate 
i%( f rel^nd la do with i\\e Queen 
of Eog! !Uid 1 ( Lau^hlir.^ Theia , 
id lili ap a vacuam, as it were, 
mme the Bisliop of Loadon ; 
And, iji shon^ there wure ^l of 
them wbo dedared tbal no in- 
terrouf&e £lM>ald be allowed bo- 
tween Ibe mother and herd^iugJi- 
ter. Would it be b^Ueve^J ^at 
this ftdvke b^ come from the 
Ghftrcb, wbo^e duty it was, in 
a |>ecti(iat manriar, to console 
the aHict^dl ConsolatJOn, in^ 
deed! No; Instead of eon^lbg: 
the ttln^triom lady, who W3^ 
tha object of perseeiitioD, Uicy 
«»jd, *^ %re win add to the dh- 
Itets and the persecution which 
dm alraady suffers, the *i<ipriva- 
tiofi of thc^ ooinforls h hich ^he 
defbes from the feeling of a 
laotber.*^ He was happy to say 
tbftl tbero were many men be- 
lof^i^g to tbo church who were 
«n booouf to their profession, 
wbo boi»e>tly paid tiieir debts, 
a^ dlidiarg^ed in the most bo- 
liOiitablc manner every duty 
ihftl thiJ^y owed lo society ; but 
ht liad no hesitation in £a3in^ 
that 1 1 was the huinbler clergy 
who Dfc&erved the E^tablb^^ 
ChiLfteo. In coticWion, he called 
on the freeholders to adhere 
teaadounly to the ConstUntion 
and the rights which it guaran- 
teed ; and, by protecting her 
Maj^^y fr^m all indignity, to 
show themselves worthv of the 

naine of 0rHons, worlliy of tbo 
hi^h character of BriiTsh &ub- 
jiiSziSf and worthy of such a 
Que en, ( Lo ud apfiatiMC* ) 

The hon. gentleiiian then 
propo^ied the following r^olu- 
lions, whicb were seconded by 
Dr, Purr :— 

^ t Th«i tbin mwliMf do vnto an 
Ad<h«ii ta her Jbiijeftjr the Qn^en^ t& 

coiigramlftte hor Mt}eit>3^ ti|K]ii lier «p* 
n\ttt \n thii rutin try; lo ecindote wllh 
itcf njpovt the ^ufferln^s her Majntj 
hi> expcfieaeei!, a.od of the perfteni- 
liuai «he has uadfrgooe: mod at the 
same lime to e%^$s oar adraurallofi 
nt fhe proofii wkidi ker M^eity baa 
f iv^ in her eoodui^ *>f tliat rfaiiitii««9, 
ini^^rby, aod generosity of character, 
willed 3K» veil ealltie hur Id the aliir- 
imn* and to tliQ sufipori of aU rwakM of 
the eoi«»mnily< 

*^ 9. Thai th« BtU of Fains asd F«- 
luildefl a^nnker M^fxiy the 4|ii«!eiu 
HUyij latrodKced Into th« [loiii« of 
LonK is rcp!cle «iUi miller of aJarK, 
both in lis pr^-sent effects and lu wusro 
remote provable ct/uUngftncJes* 

*' <. That tke Quc^m^ as m miVjcer, 
ou]|lit to have the aiaia« ad¥aiitag-e aa 
ttihet stibjccts !a the fair mad e^oal 
protetSioii of ihQ laws, 

*' 4w That by the pr«]»tii BiU of 
PalBS and P^oalUi^f her Majesty U 
pbcM out of the proti?clioti of the 
cxiatiag laws, of whNrk, airhout iojuf- 
tieL% the moat hoMble subi^tiC ca&aot 
b« defrired, 

*' 5l Thai Ihe ^orenuneit of these 
realms ii a limiti^d monarchy-^ atid 
ilieref^/re lofaJIy incompaiiblf! with aJ« 
arbitrary le^slailon. 

*' a Ttk\t the preuat Bill of P^ioi 
and Peaalties againsl her Majcsly the 
Qtii^en, partakes, ia its spirit and its " 
character, more of the Riuirre ofa dra- 
p I J ic than a f r ee gov or nm *? at, 

** 7. That the i^a^u** manner ia 
"^hi^ the chargefi aMio&t her M^Rity 
are »Uti»l m the BijT, )«tdj» u$ to sup- 
pose tiiat an ntteoipt will be made t^ 
ii\f**r the gmii. of adultery from a mul* 
tiplidty of loose and incoherent parti- 
culars, rather than to prove it by ono 
spinel fie net of crioiinality. 

** a That aJl tho dearest loi«Riti 
ortW^oantry, both prceeat and fniirf , 
bi>th ih imm^iat«^ certainty aad ia 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




'"ftiore remol** probabilit j, requlr* that 
ihe BUI f»f Faitis and Penalties should 
til? witlulr«wtt fri*™ the llainji*? of 
Lord^, und thit li<^r Majesty -shoulil, 
(iHiit dHav* be e^tablMlied in all her 
pfi4ra^q|fve4« ritdilB, prlvibfi*^* and 


** I*. R<*8oWnd, Tlint an ad*Jn^ss, 
fimntli'd on th<^ furep^iilntr ffsolntinm, 
ht jidtipled by ihts ineodn^^ thof rhe 
fherifli and mcmbtsrs i*f lUe i-imtiiy ^ io- 

Ritlonb^lji, and sui^K pej^cmM it^ tney 

chilli I nt^ine, be re<|iii?iHttd to fi^iediii- 

puny tb(i ^nme t« tlv« Qnoen, on ig 

' tuLf Ly a dny a^ iftii^ Haaiy be' pldu^ml to 

/ ** 10, llosoK-wl, ThiU tlip mpTe^f^n- 
M« •»•'*'*' «*f tut* «)Ui>n\ Oe^rg-e By tig 
^ari liamtidC'liitrltis Wbitbrea.J, Js4qfH« 
hmm i\iU UlBlriic iim to 0]ipu^i% s%tU| 
^I'itjry t*^t>rfiinj , on Ihi4r part, tliat 
odMiTii BNJ uf Plunst and Pi»nal)i*4S, 
*iii(irtrf-tt unhappily he iDtruducuU into 

-; ..** IL Jlt'rtuhml, That the thenlS be 
r«(|litii«ted t0 unit n|HHi «oiiie Pt*er io 
Psirliiimenl, la ri^quire bini to pri^dtiDl 
tiie snme." 

• ^*MfV, HfiLLs 'l^egffed leave to 
propose an amendment to the 
Hfth resolution. He oofi^ered 
the gpv^rtittient of th« eoantry 
to be a liniited mpnuTdiy, a li- 
mited iyristocracy, Vod a limited 
democracy-; and, ^thepefope,* be 
obji^cted to the Unqualified term 
, ijj/ inohatifhy," as Implying* the 

^ Uppyetnwetvt of one .persgn/ 
thoiig-h he was aware that this* 
fia^ of ' late tjecorte a' common 
\jfn)dc of expression. In the 
|)lirastio4ogy of Mr. Canning, his 
Majesty's ministers we're tailed 
?the* goverriment of th6 c6utltry j 
but they were so, in fact, no 

* tnore than his Majesty's grooms., 
f /^Imitte.) There w^is ifiErtg- 
)j|bd( t^o g:overnment but' that of 
law ]" (he Ring himself wa9 only 
il m iid ln MtMBt^aecir bf:th« kiws,i 

6u }n^ head, iie must swear to 

administer themjosfly and'faith- 
fully. He thought that to^* 
dre^s the Qdeen at all op fhii 
"Occasion wa^ erroneaus : tbey 
should have gone to the iting^ 
4it onc^, to tefl hlin that he had 
been imj^osed upon, and tp prayi 
that he would separate himself 
'from the counsels of those who- 
had deceived him. ;He never 
could believe that the man whoi 
had been beloved by Fox, atid 
revered by £rskine^ ^las ^uch 
as mihistecs had ehdeaivouir^ tp 
represent him to the cprniiij^y. 
With this ieelih^ he hi^pr^- 
psired An address to his Ijj^jes.ty* 
which be had iniehded to^siib^ 
mii to the meeiin^ for th^ir ap- 
probation; but, as he' under- 
stood thatanbther address^wblil^ 
bd {Proposed/ he shoiiH merely 
read his own as a part of his 
speech, wi^hoiil moving that it 
be adopted by the fireeqolders; 
[He then read tfie address to 
whith he refen^. It cora- 
rhenced by congratulatNa^ hi$ 
Majesty <m his accession to the 
IhrOqe. After claiming the 
right of petitioning the throne, 
it expressed the somrW and in- 
dignation of the petitioners that, 
witliout his Majesty's saneiion, 
or that of the legislature, cer- 
tain overtures had beeif made 
to her Majesty Queen Cairbline, 
by an agent acting ^nder the 
immediate direction of h^is ;Ma- 
jcst^'s servant^, whic}i had for 
their avowed Qbjeci the t»eason- 
able design of inducing" the 
Queen, by an Illegal l>ri be and 
^n audadoUs threat, to jreiH^lK^ce 
hejr jitst right to a ^rticipj^tion 
ip th^ throiie <^\iM!$B,^!^f. 
iji e^ciud^^ by ppa^iAgttat his 

Majesty woulcf fristitute such ao 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


August H, 18M. 

result of the money Green Bafi- 
kysUm. He woold now touch 
on the sospeii^on of the Hal>eas 
Corpus Act a short time ago, 
which measure, with idl its^ mia- 
chiefs, wa« to be traeefl to Green 
Bag' ioibnn'ation-^to'lhe infoi^ 
natibiar > contained in ii' Green 
B^ri of a'dHTctent description 
from the present> bat no l.ea^ 
replete with filth and falsehood. 
That Habeas Corpus Green Ba^ 
accused persons of s\{ ranks 
throughout the country with 
treasonable and wicked desi^n^. 
'fbose accfusations were fouiKled 
on wiell-calcutated perjuries and 
IrasiMe fidsehoods. Well, a 
conimHtfte ' was appohited to 
exanfaie 'lU contents, and five 
nettbcfra of opposition, were no- 
aiinated do it. The committee 
nuufe their report, and they 
were ananimous in declaring 
that the situation of the 'country 
was such as rendered a snspen*- 
»0B of the Habeas Corpus ne- 
cessary. {Sutme, akame,) But, 
YVom.wliat had since appeared, 
those whom he addressed roust 
feel, that the Green Bag of that 
day wsks just Its ftilse and nn- 
founded as the Green Bag which 
occasioned them now to assem- 
ble together. He had a con- 
temtion en this subject with 
an hon^ frfeiid of his (Mr. Pon- 
sonby), w^ was then the leader 
of theOp^NNlttiol], anid to>#hom 
'tber had 'glTcn their' Ml con- 
fldence. He sakl to thMit indi- 
vidoal, '♦*> My good fntni, 'what 
kthd'of evidenco had you aa to 
"^ trMh of Hhe coAieMs>df^his 
lDM*o Ba^l" " Why,^ 9k\d 
tf^ '<'tkfcy ard «^mded o«*^dis^ 
fifiO^M^Ykyhte suppbipted by 
0ir^.kfMorron»a)i«y^--*«od wa 


- . ! : 

believe those statements.'' His 
(Mr. Moore's) answei^' was,-^ 
•*Then you belieif« wtmt'ig 
hhe ; bm f v^U OM teN yinrt 
why I think to tttl the tt^H Hi 
brought before the llottsc f^-KM 
whew the teport Wai* preseMM 
he stood up in bis' pk^,'^ atlnl 
de(4ar^d thftt it was it libet Mr 
the nation; (AppUmn.) ''Thar 
Habeai Cbrpus Act < vras, hoW-^ 
ever, suspended ; sfnd Hhcfjr all ' 
knew the mischief that folio wed4 
—The Maneheater bartoeas bikl 
arOreenBair of anotbefr MiMi 
It was an open doe, conlAhiiti^ 
the statements df magktMki 
informers, lsonsC8MM,apies/liDd 
he kti^^ n6t w4mt dther pairtfj^s; 
Tfaefr depositioits went throfuj^h 
all^ the tetters Of the alphabet^ 
three times told Biitvi^bMU 
was a^ked, *' What peopb are 
these? Who h Mr. E. * Whd is 
Mr. K.1 and who uMr.X^?" 
the answer was, •* O ! wo can- 
not tell yot ; there t» the matter 
before yoa, aod you cfin have 
no flirther iiiforraaiioo/' (-^p- 
plaH$e.) ' At len^h the Green 
Bag^ relative to the Queen was 
laid en the tabic of tlia House of 
Commons, and language wm 
held whiefa created alarm in the? 
mind^ of minlsiers. He (Mt. 
Moore), aftor witnes^Hingf what 
had been the fc;iuU of facaiier 
Green Bags, toM the Hoiia^, 
that, to save trouble, lnitei|d of 
referring the Green Bajg Mien 
prod^iced U> a select oeaniHitfee, 
it would be just as well to ttim 
it upsMe' ddwn at onee, aifd 
imii^euittif upon It^i^tfi^- 
€et..y l|flit» a t^jp^i fta4:ibcdb 
made e^where om this ftwd -opd 
filthy bag, as 'it 4iad beeo^ip^ 
pe#ly'deMmMlaled by ali4ion. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

... - T ? ' ■ / 

MiDPtksn Meitikg. 

PfitQAl i^ ^pgland^Sir P. B|ir« 
4»M i(<:i<!Br4^)} fii4 he, looked 
yg^ Mn^ |»nK|e«4i9ff to. bo » 
Cm^.Mi^^^ Pf'iliiMi^nty^ an 
l i| iW <i< > b U»r4if^» lOf P9W* 
li^it tjmwti Qi^l tf^ ; fiftof -a{ the 

91^ l^-Do^ie- oC' CommqBSrr^ 
ffVW HWOCK^y caine l^rV^ifd 

tiAtt fiiiMJMc Aftfimfi jmd intteMi 
f((i ji^9iaiigg. ijliil Om Uooie of 
fCQmi[i#tti'9)ioMl4.'Wota <ri9»^y 
^t4ha};<3^ioeii Bag, t<^y w^re 
^liMid, like: l|}(PQeriMB of tjhe 
l^vmtift' to fell 49WB.<pfi tWr 
lHl^^rfui4 pi»y for foigiif^iias^. 

ifctJ^aA/clQlie'g^oocLi Uereiie 
iliiiigtii. it wm^^ M FWfer,: 
^mm§^, QAher/wiiuU, to look 
4^ thecfuidtt^^ io< tW ch«r0b. 
AiWM^ fueoeasftfy to ^Diider 
.what thpir . ehur^^ii^ w^fe 
imtHMft^. Tbe(y ouirht to afi>i:d 
^QMsoUtipo to ib^ dUU^wed^— 
ftJlmi <M»ebt to ; admiokitor ^QWi-: 
.tir^ tofithq^e «b0i:.^orQ per- 
^9»eii464$ MMl y«l^ .1^ Mievod^ 


tfa^ bafl not ttdcen tig tbe busi- 
ness sooner. JVlioiste'cs biad ex- 
plicitly toW theiQ that tbey were 
not gpoJQi: to tiy, tbi$ illustrious , 
persoil byt tbe laws ^f tbe coun- 
U^f bu^ilbil tbey y/et^ e^hi^ 
to nvik^ Laws for the paqp^se, 
They oouid not re^ulato their 
pEOoeediiig)B according' to'.lfa^ 
exist«^ law^ .but tb«y Jek i| '. 
necessary tq, form law^ that 
would fHulcfioi^ their unconsti^ 
tofipnai conduct The hoo. g^n-^. 
t|eiii^ proieeeded t^ obs^ya, 
that he would excuse the §09^ 
inality of ^ grand jury in this 
case ; he would, overiodk the 
formality of .having jibe ^ wit- 
nejises' namest.oi^ the hack loi 
thfi hiU«~he ^onld eveia ^ver«> 
to^k the intefikrenc^ of a. fiet^ 
jttr3^; [but, he dem^iidfid wbaf 
w|w foif more importanpe. than 
^1, who wer)» the acPiMift? 
(4n^V^O He was -sorry to 
s^ ,tbat all t^ peisecutiaw 
the,Qiieen had umjbti^ne wexie 
aided«<and cpunteiu^f^ by tbe 
firsts ^]oA h^hest : o^ers of. tlie 
chitrcb- H^ held m . hia^ hand 
a^liisf ^ those whq^ duty jtficaa 
to ceosol^ Ahe 90ioted m»d.sli^ 
port l,be dijUfessedi haaX who, ip 
violatioppfT thnt d^ty^ bad/eome 
forward and propq^d to- fie^f^^^ 
•4hey^wnfild, fiiid^tba^ ^soine of Up 4be most unnatu?^ W>^ni^, 

.^heeiiwaiif tker sivHMtors .^ 
prnte^ofs, of ftjbta BiU ^ Paina 
lUiABen^ltief^ (/Shame^^ihameJ) 

ifce 8ecret€ominittee>siind had 
Mlupwd a verdict of ^' Gmiif* 
-M tte^adc oC ftbe Oaaea Baigr. 
Jt lh# bill which be had jmt 

inpelcM of pemwUi e»ay weftt ^Cne^ ^t^^ead, read^y It woiUd 

-AeitT whole . cede lof laws-r-ib^ be^so^eieiit to re$4«ioie ff'tttie 

Gmiiuukfn weegeM^eDd they ii^Mmii^^nd t^ JtBt jp/ibe lift 

would only have to lament that [would show the connection be>- 

,th^ ^ief jsf ni|ti;re. . J0»<^ ^Xg- 
be aUM^t t^d wbo feeroe4't[> 

Some of them had^ {pine, into iooktiper^ to th^r rent-r^ 

than to their ^briqr (a lf\Migk), 
ka4 advised that all. intercourse 
between the mother an^ tf^ 
dan^ter 4ieQld be pro|' 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


AvoiM^ \% lite. 

tiid^ Ait 'ii%r«^ Ibody irM, 
*6«ateMieDy we catiMt nut- 
ii%6 yoft— }^ lUve lABoUiekl ot 
^ t&Mng oift ow ^vosn bag— 
#o«baif tKeMbte take It oar- 
jKiftB* to ittoAler qoaerier, nrhera 
li^ tto be ^riHtiAi of havii^ ow 
Urtiii^ fleetee commUlees.'' 
(Aeert.) Wtet iHf^ be the 
CMMtneBtiM <rfthatfljieaMreie 
was in^MMfble Ibr him to leH; 
i«i; bappea what flft%lrt, he 
MiM IM^ ^eek itpeft it withoat 
egpcrieodug iwiMa liota of the 
■ i a wMi haw ei^ Uwaaootthey 
who stood fbramrd in behalf'of 
the t%|itt oC ber Maj aa t^ wh» 
tsaiM be justly acensed ofeieai- 
iai^.ciot aod ditoider: it was 
nailed them thKt 
[ it, ami he believed that 
w^oM excite greater 
in their Buods than 
whieh would give 
tkem-mMr ttamtik ivr enaeting^ 
tietr b^ agiimt the lil^ty of 
their eMtcy* He had now 
oif^ *«r iaftMi them ^at he 
UMlf fce exfreiaely hap|>y to 
liece4^ |p tj^ir finest, and $o 
y m i u n i the petkion which they 
4md-j«e<ado|Mmk He thoq^t 
Ijinitlier l^esi^ night address 
Jer loyal ms^oiid in die Ian- 
> oC Qnt«en Catherine :>t- 

shot% aflerwtnlseainblsrvmai 
aedsud that he had lbi]|prtlBa 
one of the sebjects •» which he 
had intended to eddmsa them. 
His coMeagve j(iir. Bsfiig) bad 
goo^ with bis - ftmnj^'* ■hrond 
someweebs i^, said tbaes bml^ 
nbt^beei tiamsfawe tlis mtrnting 
had Wen called to give him mo^ 

Mr.lfiiM then vosei, and said, 
that be had an mMie s e 4o Mft. 
Maislsty ie Ms Jmnd, wbWi, 
whether he moved I* or not, be 
eenldwishto read to the-meeti- 
ing, in older to toaoed^ the 
tidientr which he 
upon tbte most bapostmit'seb* 
jeci. ifo woald ppaiieo wluil 
he had to svjr npen it with a le^ 
maikortwovpon th^eenstitii 
tion of the Horned beads. He^ 
wm not.sttfldetitly aeiimuflted 
wHh the bifttory of tbat'bodf to 
say wiien It became p^aaemei 
of jndScial miitiMM%, not v(«uM 
he give an ot^kiiM -wbetiiiskr 
sntii autheri^ did or did not 
righlMly belong 'to iL fhis. 
However, he woiikl sapf-^that 
he dstled in( qeestion the..«gfat 
of twenty«^ht raembOfi'Of that 
ffoQse to deckle open- the point 
whether her l^filly shoidd Or 
fliioald not bepnti ibtopoaa^ 
si^n ^f^a li«t-of Aie witnessed 
wto Wem to af^>ear agsinst 
her. Bven sappo^h^ tbeHonaa 
collectively to bav^^the power 
of maldngsadi^ decision, still 
he thoii^t that a part, -and a 
small part of*R toe, oould not 
b^ equally possessed of It: if 
they cooM be so petsemM'of it, 
tb^ mittisiefs wete also poaws- 
sad of ft; aifd, wb^nevarthen^ 
^ . vras any obnexwNis bidMdail 

'tha-iroftt oFthe/htttliags, batfwhom they arMied tO' erash. 

*^ik^t 4eiure yw^ do mc^ right and 

.*Maidmbeitow y sar pity on le ; for 

/M aa^SMaoiit' fiesr .wmisih sad is 
** ilrssssr, 
' ^ I oatrof yosf dMiiiuoiic* hsTing 

.'^Ns jadtislBdirrsat, nor no sH>Fe 
'^^f Mad«fdaal4hip Slid prsceed- 

: . AAer-afms Other n^amricson 
thasaamaabjeet^he retired from 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 




wotiM.OAty bave t^.erect Cbem- 
leUred iotO: :the characters of 
jud^Sii jtiMMv, and accQS>crB, in 
onkr to do.U. Ho could see jao 
reason mky. Uiere shoukl .be a 
caii o£thalioo«&on tbe 17^ of 
. A^^^ai^ when there bml . not 
Imwoiiq on the day when they 
had. previously do4^ a. judkiM 
action — he meant the <jil^ V^be^ 
iboy bad refused herJWiy^^ty 
AhB namee.of thofie who ^ere to 
A(]4>ear ai..WAlne0fie8'»^;ainat.her. 
Itie tuafaiige of nmiaters to 
•hep. JliM^aty wa^ thia >^*' We 
wUl ^Mr^t. examine witnesses 
ag»tnait,3^ou, Md witl afterwards 
^fe.iroii time ioe^camine into 
tbw ooiaduel vKlrdbaracter jost 
^9», kNig a« you.plefise: in the 
conme oMbe prpoeedln^s you 
««riU Je^roiiKberQ t^ie.wi^sses 
livei andihft ctrcBinstaAee will 
ibelp >'o« in your examini^ns/' 
fiut diip()0«ing that, upiw in- 
<|iMry, «Q/iqefa person as Uia wit- 
Bess n^ described to be wais to 
be lonnd in;JVenio% or in any 
oiher |>art of Italy, what would 
SiritGiflbrdsay thee ^Ue would 
say, "You observe' that you 
eao>inake out who .the witness 
is whom Lbave produced agrainst 
:y(m: it n^ay be so.; but what 
then V 'Have you any thing to 
aay in eonM^adistinetioiR to the 
.etvidence produced agi^inst^you, 
^and can you prove what -has 
been alleged against you to be 
entirely untirue ^ Good God of 
Hefiv^^ what wonaan, if ac- 
cusied of, adultery, *cf<ild be ae^ 
quitted qn a trial conducted 
i|pQnsu«h.eireiimsUnces? Ougiit 
/no^,^e.'W^n^«^^. to be afoas- 
.^iWM«W^ ilk Abe ,Vf^y bo^K^M^ 
i»jkittel,vi|ry tMO^f^.whioli jtbey 
m^(^ cpfnmiMing tb^p^i^JMry I 

He thongbt that* tb^y ought, e^ 
pecially when . he . recollected 
the fate which bad attended on 
the Douglasses^ and the perjuries 
which it appeared to lf\m that 
they were daily i^ the babit of 
swearing, W^tji he would ask, 
was the reason why Lord Eldooi 
had screened thens fro^ S0<^ 
prosecution I To prevent a r^* 
currence of similar scenes ir^ fu- 
ture, lie could wish the i^ldi^esa 
which, he had in his hand ^.M^ 
sead ovef to tb^m. .. j.,.- ^ 
*' To THB Ki«o*8 MMT sxcaunftv 

'' The ImmMa PmMod of. tho lahalif '^ 

Unts of the count)- of Middlesex, la 

county meeting assembled, 
" Vfay it please your Mtjesty, * 

><-Wb, your Maimt>''«d«l(U and 
loy«l tvUfsctv the lal^bitanU >i>f tli^ 
county of Middfesex, approach your 
Majesty*8 throne with feelings or the 
mosi profound sorrow at peree i Wag 
that your Majefty^a advirara are oas- 
rying oo aa unfair, aa iNgust, and a 
cruel prosecution against your royal 
and long-oppressed Consort. ' 

'^ ^e cannot but renwaiber tbeibt^ 
mer foal atteants Ip dastro* bar Ma- 
ja8ty*a fair fame ; aad, in tne presont 
proceeding, we but too dearW see a re- 
Tlval of those attempts. We Yemeni- 
ber the perjuries that were ooaiaritted 
^akMl her^ and jr e alio rgmeailier. (ha 
impunitv oftbepaQurerak, ^ , 

^' Bvidence coRected in the 'dark, 
communicated In sealed bags, mibinit- 
ted to a seeret eoBUBitt«a, and lqr>that 
coBunltlee moulded into a charge of 
crime. Is po abhorrent from our Meals 
of justice, that we cannot refiraitt nt>m 
praying that H may neter be sailed 
to be a grMiad of proeeedia^ agaiaat 
her Majesty. 

" To piinish KyhiU is, in our aj^re- 
hension, wholly contrary to thfe lawa 
and- eon«liluthMi of EiigraMl; 'b(kt 
when we see tlie aacnae«s aUo (lie 
judges and jurors, ' and 'Whea we VMl 
know ^at a decided nnubllty 6f the 
whole assembly are, at all tiroes^ dift- 
poaed to abi'ia'c^nfArmlty wi^h die, 
jaMei of your U^jaitv'a adviaarsi We 
^oulU be f uii^i^. of. a mmefiii wi^^f 


itize<;i by Google 


A}jdt^fiTA% IBftOi 

rnqilitV'*fBto t^6 coAdtict of Tita 
ierv^nts as mlg-Tit bviug to 
pnntshiii'cnt tTioste per^na who 
^hb'iiUl be tonvictcd of fhfie 
Ifeasonable^'pfoceedingrs.'] Hfe 
cohdhided fcy'ttovin^ thefol- 
\o^tijg ameairA'eiit to tbe ireso 
ItttloAs:— ' •• 

!* Tint t^e 4^.^vQrp«etii of th^S9 
Tei^lmyjji acloiiniiitere<i ^y the Kin^, 
vhose power Ts limited 1)y 'UW ; bot 
llr»t t regH^ (MHrer 9o44Mlted4s iiieoni- 
4^bla with itt wbitmry leflrUl#ltirf ^*' 

This amendiheiif iwas ag^reed 
to/ 'and aH -ihe^reaoliitioDs bar* 
Ing' 'been fidt ireHolm, were 
isarried'^titian'iafimisly. • 
'^fllr. ■ MiDdict ntext mored an 
addrtss'io hefr'iVfitiesty, founded 
«D,Uie preoedtfi^iesolutions. 
^ 1'b(e kddT^ss'to the Qne^iiv 
Ibiinileci liiidEl' Cb^ above r^ola^ 
t^tis; "Wks then read, pui, and 
4;atr(ed-wilfabQi'aiiy dissentleiit 
TofecC " 

' l^r:,P. M6ok«: then b^gfifed 
li^ve'to propose that the address 
ifftmild be- presented by . Mr. 
Wfteiiffr Parkfifis, attd the two 
USenibers'of Parliiim^nt fdr Mid> 

' " llft.'Mitts was of opinion thitt 
Sir P. Bufdett and John Caai 
l^obhouffe, Esq. shoul^l be re* 
iqnested to attend whenever the 
Bidfc^k wa£ pre.'^anted to her 
. IVIajestY, 

' Mr. P. M oouE thoug*it that it 
'ifit^ht be advisable toliave the 
'address presented by li deputa'- 
' iion of free f i oUI e rs , 
! Mr. Sheriff PAiiKiNa ihbogbt 
'that, if a deptitntton should be 
appoml^d to wjiit upon h^r Ma^ 
^tei>lT ^ith the address whiehi 
^hiid ju^t been read to the meetr-' 
• ifig*: H ought not to l^e tiatfitet)- 

Those who weriai indhted to^g^o 
np with the address would 'be 
thofoug^hly welcome. 
' fhe motion was' 'then put, 
and carried mnamimously^ ' 

Mr. Sheriff PAnkim intbovMl 
the meeting, that lie wasTeack 
to attekid upon bet Majesty wmi 
the address whicblitui jnst iM?ei| 
<idopied at smy moment winoh 
her Majesty might think it goed 
to appoiht Of c^ursefhfismftld 
not answer for: tbe Uneofucpn- 
duet Whioh hiS'Oolleagiie/.Mlr. 
RothweU; might be incUnM46 
follewl < ; 1 

MPk 8. Whotmkbaii. then cinie 
forward, and said; that u he had 
been desired to^go «p.wilhlftia 
address' which they bM'* i^t 
voted; lie must request their.nt« 
tention to a lew oHlerViitions 
whidhr 'he felt ii" newissary- to 
maUe to Ihem od thd present 
occasion." The. answer !» the 
desise which tkeytbadiintiMaled 
to him might' tse eonwyed Hd 
one of two words," Yes/' «or 
<4 Mo.''^> To 4iin it appealed 
both more Justf and mere advis- 
able Chat be should :say" Oen- 
tlemen, 1 havegreafe pleasure in 
obeying your commiindsi'-.'but 
tooih^, with whom behikd iH> 
sight to iqoarrei<^n adoeunt.of 
t^ir political pfnAions, it seem-> 
edistiti better to say, "i* Gentle- 
men, i will not obey yoar com- 
mands;'' • It. was ' his o.pinioki« 
tbatv even if .be. cUffeved ki>m 
them upon thk^iueitieini, he-was 
at least bound to present Ih^t) ad- 
dress, however opposite it;miglit 
he to his owil :fe^ngsl: but as, 
filatead of beln|^opposed.tb tbdir 
telings, iib :!#ent jalL A^. way 
witb» thtai^dw ^sh#uld Jliciftr ' tbe 
iihprddetioe ^<8ayitg>a few'iioie 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




wQfi$ tt^ tiiim tiiaa yftmi iriwPr 
lately aioeenuy for the expU^ 
nation of the OfiiDUHis which ba 

^nlerUiaad regarding her Mv 
je^ty*^ coudticL Before he t^^f. 
4erad upon these observatioris» 
h& coM not help r^^marknig^ 

f>rei«iit moelui^ wai holdeii w 
tmilier awkward, on acxoutil of 
ih& dmmm whieh had recently 
happeoad to the Eo^ml FuniLy^ 
By meetings at 5o early a day 
after the occurr^ncse of that 
event, they rendered themseh ei 
liable to be charged with haviTig 
a desigii to e^ceite tumuU mud 
dkaflfeetioQ in the country 

l^fs«adtaff the ODpi^qUOii^t their 
wiere read^ to come to a com- 
promise with her liajesty.. But 
what, wa^ th^ ,m jin^er of (^^^ 
ii^ into 4^ ^^gpinUie^ Why^ 
tkuay aaidi, " yfe yriil retract 
npthini:>.ht^y]C>tt must tpA9^ 

that the time in which thisUT ev^ry thing/' Before tbey wij| 

But what wai the meamn^ of ^Borea Uttoi thos^.wjiich they had 

those mdividiJaLs who were 
ready 'to raise that cry againat 
tbenii He woald tell them: 
they were weak enoagh to think 
Ihat, as th^y had tyranniKed Ibr 
ie long" % petiiDd over .the peq- 
t^ <wi4hOnt meeting with tjie 
aliglileat r^aiateioe^.they woidd 
be able to j^rnmnize. in the 
m f oC ' iMmoiBr also ever her Ma< 
jea^* (Ckeen.) The courage 
^ fUM fortitude of the <taeen bui, 
Itowevar, fi;ostrated all their 
expectationa: in coming over to 
fiogland, in apiji^ of, the mie- 
neoea which had been thrown 
tmt aminat her^ abe .bed not 
eateiied tesa admiration ah: her 
■friends, thao she had terabrand 
aiapm among her enemies^whe^ 
whatever other weaknesses 
'•night he ialtribiiled to them,i 
tMMlldlibI he ehurged with that 
^poasesrfagtpo inoch courage. 
Those individuals, soon after 
^hey^had uttered theia theeata, 
fonhd that they had. got thenl- 
^ealvaa ' into e drahdial saftape, 
•wiahe4te.£«t out ofithy^ 

make the country believe thai 
they were in eamest in euddng 
such a proposition to her Itfajea- 
Uf, they: Bsnat jumi^ 'a law tq 
dhrow a ck>iid ever the goo4 
senaeend iqM%^ce ofJGfig- 
land ; uiid, indeed,' ^ tbc^ we^ 
detemiii^ to exercise tb^f* 
tyranny k>ng» th^ mifst hjiy^ 
Becouiae etven t^ ^Ums^ W^'' 

recently adopted. What wa^ 
the next step whiidi they )|^d 
taken! Nothing le^ than, a ]^ 
omnmendation, of the House o/T 
Cbmmona to; be? Uiyesty to ali7 
stain from asserting aiMi yiwir 
oaUng her own innocene^. As 
to the propoaition which ba^ 
been made^wd carried to tba$ 
effect, he must 2^ excused for 
saying tbM be cpulfi, put no 
other constraction upon it thap 
iitti~that in<addressvig )ief Mfa- 
jeaty on tb^t.i^ubiect. t^yi %|d 
amd, *' We have insulted ^oft 
most grossly; jbut wepannot 09 
hapPQis until you sh^U )iaye 00117 
sented to insult yqi^r^e^t" 
<£oddd^(^«i) Tbe<itieen,be 
Was glad«^to- aayj possi^pLsed t/c^ 
much spirit and fortitude |^> 
submit to so i^isultiog a ir^com- 
alendation. Th^ st^p. which 
miaiat^^m. had W^ &^^ th^ 
fially proved id hi® ^^^ ^Jf 
were well aware; bow asufeh 
tihey UA been: baate^ m ^ 
Howe 9i ppsmons. Inde(94» 
the last tbipff . vrb^h tl^y^bafi^ 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC ' 


a^mA t%,nm: 


* Him' ifilhniKI9''d6fiti€C'l^tf with 
ti^ b«st foMmB of the MQii- 
ti^ ttodl toWjr M wnB, IfM, m 
MHMn^Mi ievtiMeirts on tUs 
oeefliUobrm W«il ^Miged to «ai 
tb tbeHrfMs of Mi iMi^lod 
^tiitt jm^'B^ tllllo fdH'-of j^^rtH 
llt^^sibr tiip e had prirallB snf^ 
wing^^-ii' tfttio *#h6n ianowiit 
Mo»M "had Meii shed by Iftftt 
swoivt which Bhoald only be B&ed 
Ik^HM the enemies of ihe cotm- 
try, '^at ^i^ had be^ Wield- 
ti'tigtinii tbe people, fitter 
itUy ' and ieigfAty juswrtibled.— 
Htfe preseht j^enod "vras teplete 
ott «yefy ' sid« wHH tikriy' Ibel- 
hkg'*&i]klt>dKtteal atiimo8%, and 
fll^^dre was*' ono of e^nfenie 
dmigper. He itiight say fbrtber, 
that It Vas one of extreme 
WlMiKncf^ ott the part of the 
^liaopte, and "Of extreme power 
vOOthe part Of their. (^pressons. 
Though* ihey had now arrived 
at the seventh year of peace. 
Hie irifes^nt peribd was more 
ttiiil than a time * of absolute 
War. That so much vaunted pe- 
riod of peace was a long* 'term 
oPiinnritig«b!e suflering. (Ap- 
jjUmse.") *fhey saw the sword 
stBT brandished hi the eyes of 
fbe peaceable citizens. The 
l^vemrnent-would not lay down 
Its arms, and yet they had no 
other eoeraies than the people 
of Cteiand. (Apf^auae.) He 
^^ Mew what every English- 
ttfeb most' feel when he saw that 
a govermn^nt of the sword had 
superseded the government of 
the law» — ^when he saw the 
land covert with barracks, and 
bieihetd ib'rtifltotions rising in 
effery part'of the cotintry. All 
. tte'*w& d<nk^ wMi no pretence 
of -fcriSgn dai!^r,-with<Att any 

tf]i^hei»iotr^tt?e Ibmt wibiMi 
die expression of pcMie ae»ti' 
Hi^nt msA pMMe fcelk% iBBUfed 
nlo the miiida of tfacte iJ4io 
IMd the rein of gOTefonmiil. 
(ilMlMie.) Vnd^r (baa^ cir- 
oMlivtMieif it #aatlMil the saitfe 
fop6i% of fteevet Coomnttees, 
^tHe Sa«e MRNkH^ of ae^rvl aee«* 
safti«B, wore made tiaeof to o^ 
>ress the^OwBoa^ tb«thMl^te- 
iherty been resOrted to M >^ 
oppresrion of the-^aopka. -The 
people had bee» the ^etioi ef 
green-bag hifoniiartloiHaBdl:tkeir 
kms^ rights, and Ifbertma, kid 
been suspended on "die repiotts 
of secret oommittees. The Irvea 
of many of thei^ hsid beta liskod 
iti eolifieqtieiice of their attempts 
to propagate eoni^etioiial prhi- ' 
ciples; the heaMi ^ some had 
been sacriAeed by tojag-pcetvad- 
ed oonflnement for Ine same 
cause; and acenmulated aoirer- 
tngs were heaped on all those 
who had dared tb think for 
themselves. Individuals had 
been incarceral^fortwo, tln^, 
Ave, aiid one fa wfiv id oa l whom 
he knew, for seven years, with- 
out being brought to "any 
trial-^wtthout beim^ called to 
face any accuser. Therefore it 
was that he called their atten- 
tion to' the mode of trial adopt- 
ed in this case, because if they 
did not make a s<and against 
the extraordinary danger with 
which they were threatened, no 
man in the land, from the high- 
est to the lowest, could hope to 
escape such treatasenft To eall 
it a judidai proceeding would 
be an abuse of langtn^. Wlws 
ministers quoted as precedents 
were nothing but acts of atro- 
cious tyranny; but got one k>f 

Digitized by CjOOQIC* 




them y$wi to ke <)oin|iared«to.|h»t 
moMtroti^ aeme; of i^juslice 
wliich was atteinpled 'mike 
pment (iosten^. (Utfrerlib^ 
hem. b«rt allowed ta..|h0Mld 
aMinat Biidiop; Att^rbvry .|ufifc| 
Mr John itewiok^boikW/wlmh 
. he i iiti— ifly ) ^iCOMleniD«iki> ' ^i t 
wottM h»ye be0a>f«iQi# io>4be 

anthon of tfo9aafWU6-<-T«n^e>-4o 
tlie faoiicnt of: tbe^ Revolution**- 
more tot^^brhooour of those who 
canto inta powecafter the Ke- 
ynlntion,* and. mor^ conducive 
/to( the;ailety of the govero- 
nemi of King William, i( at more 
consiitutioiml ooec^e hi|d been 
partuedi^and if, by violating^ llie 
laWs in order ' to reaeh ooe in<* 
dividual, a precedent bad- not 
been found "wbich exposed the 
liberties of posterity .to destruc- 
tion. There were other acts of 
a similar nature besides those to 
which he had adverted; l>ut 
they were to be fpupd only in 
the rei^' of that ifionster 
Henry VIU., who h^d a short 
way of gettin§p rid of his wives* 
Timeft^ however,. \Vore now 
changed; the public n^int) 
would not bear such proceed<»> 
ingfs ; minrsterg could not ^t 
into. that bloody course wMeh 
ihose poac^ents pointed o^t. 
"What were all tliose precedents 
but so many acts of tyrannical 
power wreaked on the victims 
of royal vengeance, w.hi€h 
should be.poipt^ out . as shoals 
to beayejded, as beacOfi» of in- 
iamy, instead of being: made use 
<)f oy ministers to jjiisUfy jtheir 
own conduct to the world / 
(AfphM^e.} With respect to 
this lady, she seemed, of all 
Jkuman beings, to be placed ih 

tbe eiept fi^Mfappi^uwT «Hu4- 
tio^s she appe^i^ Utom .tk^ last^ atfe^id^ by.^ tia^n 

of: inis(pi:MJWWt* /J^MifU '^^ti^i^ 
bMt'.her-, qnm magn«nimit^ and 
ooifip^e .^ttb}, ^fi^^ her ,U>- 
•M«id up ag^ftr-^u^ a^train 
.pf.w»jjPKi,MP^,4li*fc.W h<i*^c^ 
duet ter%4( in -W^ifry^.ViW 
fthf n^bi, she w|ia|Uf^ l(0 creaji^ 
^Bil^mips. Whatever actibiis, 
were attributed, to Ijier— whajt^ 
ever <|uaiities she was- said to^ 
possess, whether they were- 
^ood or ba4 — they hod had the 
sure effect of inducing;' SjO^me 
p^ijsons to take^part agaipst her. 
Her amiable, qualities were no 
protection to her 7 " her virtues 
were sanctiiied and ^ly traito^ 
to her ;'* pne par^.,persccMfocL 
her on* account ^f the. hatred 
they bore to lier vices, and 
another party abandoned her put 
qf lo-ve and affection to her 
virtues. (Apj^lchUfe.^ She was,, 
however, m his; opinion, eiitltled 
to tbe support of every ho^o^t 
aud every manly mhid : . fie 
thought the decision she jbad,' 
evmced, tlie liiimness ,she h^ct 
exhibited, t|ie magQanimjiy wi^li 
which she had come forwa^4 tc> 
meet tbe cl^afge made .Bg:a*vH^t 
her^ by throvviu^ herself, oo, 
that sense of justic«^ for wtuch 
the people of this country ev^r 
\yer^ and ever would be r^ 
nowned, demanded . tbe cbp-* 
iidence of the nutiou. TbVy 
were l^und iq bicUevje .bei; ia 
UQcent, when ^e xamq to 
this country and defied all' the 
statements of her most virulent 
enemies, ^hc called on (Jicni 
to substantiate t}^ cliar^e 
against hc^:, to .,b|riug her facq io 
(ace fivith her accu&eriF^ or el&c to 

Digitized byCjQOQlC 


AeoTjgT lof, isio. 


Arty tomhl« yoiif Mfijci<ty If we ^ro- 
frtia from tOLpreBting to yom our eoo- 
vktiM, >>Ml, iii,t)iW case, the world 
iriU oerer be satisfied with the decision 
of that assembly, whose d1.spo<«ifion han 
been but too marly manifested in ItK 
raftiMl to fomiifa her Migeity With the 
nai^ei of the wituaMes to be broucEht 
BgaiQst her — in a like refusal with re- 
gard to the names of the places where ' 
te ttUeged offences were comnitted'— 
aadlft the iqonstrcMis measure of pro* 
,malgat^Qg the bill so M^ ft ^ipe be- 
fore it permitted her Majesty to offer 
any thliig In her defence, and by whici) 
sroaMflgation it moat neceaiiari'ly have 
been Intended to cause her Mi^^ty t4> 
be prejudged by the W9rld, and to 
brhig her to trial alrelidy covered with 
iiitaiy. •' ■ 

' ** Theref€hrc, relying' on your Majes- 
ty^s froclona dii^ieaition-^-appealing to 
your Royttl justice against tiie nochi- 
jialioBS of your advisers — we inost 
biiebly pray that your Majesty w\\\ be 
pleitcA to restrain those advisers; and 
tealRinl yonrReyal Consort the means 
o{ fair aod open tr^l before a lawful 

^ And your petillenerfl^ as in •duty 
. boood, shall everpray/* , 

Mr.19hefMrPARiaN8 cdwid not 
allow thi9 resolntion to be put 
in silence ; the stibject on which 
it waft Toonded N^rte not once 
wentfoded in the requisition. 

Mr. Mitts maintained a con- 
tru^ opinion. 

Trie requisition was then read, 
upon which 

Mr. SheriV ParkiKs said that 
be was willtng to give the, most 
liberal construction to it possi- 
ble; \mt it certainly oonld not 
bear the c^iAstraction which was 
liow attempted id place npon it. 
If gentlemen wished to call 
anoiUier meeting' on that point, 
be sbotild be bappy to give 
tliem an oppottunity of doing 
H. (Cheert!.) 

ijond cries were then heard 
cf " withdraw, withdraw J" aP 

tet if<riiich Mr. Mills ^ithdreW 
his proposition. • ' 

Mr. Alderman WaitiHi Ait de- 
clared-, that When he Brst enter- 
ed into that irdomi he hadti6f<>- • 
tebtion of addre^ihg^'thetri ; itAd 
yet, when he tcrtd them thai he 
had at last ri«en with consldbN 
oble teluctance to placehis^^- 
tirikents before them, he tTturlai 
that they i^Ould not attriBiifo 
that reluctance to a waiHof thai 
common feeling which actnatdd 
the whole Country, btat to other 
causes, which were of a tempo- 
rary and trahsitory ntitiire; aiid 
which lie had on a former occa- 
sion explained at some length 
to the electors of Middlesex.— 
He had, howev^, been asiced to 
move one of the resolutions 
and as it was one we{} calcu- 
lated to obtain and secure the- 
approbation of the people, he 
thought it right to say a few 
words regarding it. It was to 
propose a petition to the Lords, 
founded on the resolutior.s which 
had been just read to them ; and 
that petition — whatever might 
be the fate of the petition pro- 
posed to be presented to the 
King, was fhlly within the scope 
of the requisition. •• 

The Petition was read, and 
carried, with only one dissentient 
voice. The reason of that dis- 
sent was afterwards stated to 
be, that the gentleman who ex- 
pressed it did 'not think the 
Lords to be worth petitioning, 
and that no good -eoatd be ef- 
fected by it. 

Sir Francis BtjanfitT, being 
loudly called on by the meetiny*. 
came forward, and was gteetcd 
with general cheers. 'He sbid 
be bad arrived In town late \fk^X 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


MiOiPtisu Ukktibcg^ 


nigh^i^ bad timi, fin* ii^ Mmt 
time, heard thai the pre^nt 
me^tiiig' wid oonTeiied. *He was, 
4t>fi]^l» catber nQwiUiog to art- 
lead, 'becauae^oD Bucfa o^casieDs, 
be^eQceived there (H^t to be 
m ^aoend aadaponDUirieooa bunt 
of feelings, and that those who 
attended at .one place ahould 
appear and take the lead at 
iplbenk BiU he tfaoucrht, at the 
same time, he should not pay 

, proper reelect to the iodepen- 

iideiit freeholders of the^ coanty 
of AUddlenex, if, being in town, 
he did not attend a. meeting so 
«OBveaed. He had boped> as 
the bnsaneis bad that day been 
disco:»ed . with so mnch ability 

, by^ many individuails,. that be 
wonld not have been called on to 

. address the meeting ; but as an 

. bon. genHeman ffdr. Waith- 
man) had expressed a wish that 

-be should deliver his sentiments 
on this eixhaosted tofNc, he 
wonld state "tbeae observations 
that oeenrred to him at the mo* 
ment The~ worthy alderman 
who called him forward teoder<r 

. ed the task imposed on faun 
somewhat difficult, he having 
himself discussed the question 
with great force and eloquence. 
To iMldress any assembly of 
Englishmen on this occasion, on 
a i^itical subject, he felt to be 

. more incumbent on him than he 
bad ever felt it to be before,. be* 
cause it wyss a duty that oould 
not be perfoimed without sonie 

^ risk and d^uager. The goyeriv- 
ment under which they now 

' lived, whatever its ipcapa^itiee 
might be, certainly possessed 
this capacity — that it well knew 
when to owe and when to^pay 

. i^Pfh^e /) ^ and th§ pi9nigb- 

asenta which bad reeently fieen 
InAii^ed on^ individuals looked* 
rather like tbe^ paying off of eld 
scores than .tisitatiofns for pre- 
sent offences. In such a stale 
of tinnlifa kmocenoe was no 
protectioD, caution was no secu- 
rity« No sagacity that any man > 
nugfat possess oould induce him 
eonidently to say, '* } wAI per- 
form my duties to the people .of 
England, becanse 1 am secttce^ 
under the laws of m^ eoontry." 
(Apfkruse.^ For hw own part, 
he was in the situation of tho^e 
persons who had proceeded ^o 
suob a lengthy that '* to feturn 
was as tedious aa to go tm."^^ 
(Undoubtedly no faommr cotild ' 
bo gained by retreating, what- 
ever danger migbt he incurred by 
proceeding farther. The phn- 
ciplea he had adapted were well ' 
known to the country, and be 
hoped he shoidd always faaye 
the fortitude to maintain tbeta 
with firmnes6» {Apfdmu$.y' He 
considered this snbject in pfp* 
cisely^ tb^ same light as the bp- 
npunibie member for Cove^tfy ; 
he did not look on jit so miiclx ^a 
account of any particular indi* 
vidnal,' however elevated t^ 
rank of that individual nsi^l 
be; he did not view it with 
such deep anxiety becamse st 
Queen of England was ^li- ' 
mately connected with -tbe 
pending ^oceedings, allhong'li 
that was'a cause sufficient to S^ 
terest every ami^ mind. Tbeae 
circumstances were undoubted y 
of moment ; but they were in* 
signi4cant wbencompaited y^ith 
the great canae of public. jus- 
tice, it was not diMcult to ,^- 
dress one's self to an assc^iDbly 
^na topic like this, l^caus^al 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

' «rt 

August H, 18M. 


.state lier innoconce to the 
public, and pay to her that re- 
apect which was due to her 
li^ rank. Fortunately for her 
Migesty her cause had been 
taken up by the great body of 
the people at large^ and had 
been s^pported with great force 
and ability by the uncorrupt 
and honourable part of the 
pcess« Before ministers pushed 
this measure Airther, let them 
look at the gulf that was yawn- 
ing at their feet, if they were 
not as blind as moles — and their 
work was equally dark and 
dkrly — they wouid see that the 
same pit that buried the crown 
of the Queen might also swallow 
op the erown of the King. 
When precedents were new 
iormed,^r arbitrary axid oppres- 
si?e purposes^ there was no se^ 
carity for the length to which 
they mig'ht be carried. It was 
alleged by Ministers that this 
was a national question, and 
tlnU the state was interested in 
the investigation which they 
had been pleased to institute. 
But bow could any act commit- 
ted by ber Majesty on the banks 
of Cbmo be said to be a national 
question I And was it to be en- 
dored that this construction was 
to be ^ven under the cant of re- 
]%ioa and moraUty? Could mo- 
imlity and religion say, that the 
nation were to be shock- 
ed at tbe knowledge of ber Ma- 
jesty's conduct in Italy, which 
^kaowledg-e was only commnni- 
caled to the country through the 
iqpiesetttaUTes of that rdigion 
and tbat morality? If such dr- 
eumstanced were calculated to 
diock the feelings of a nation, 

4eprivi9g a sovereigii of tank . 
and 4>ower, none but a samt 
could sit with safety on a throne. 
But, admitting the nralidity of 
the argument attempted to be 
founded on moralitv, was ax*^. 
apiple on the part or the Queen . 
only of importance to the na- 
tion! Surely the conduct of the 
King was in this respect at 
least an object of equal eon* 
sideration f Whether ministers^ . 
in the dangerous path which, 
they were now pursuing— a. 
path beset with dangers both, 
to the Cfown and to the country 
—would attend to tbe warning » 
voice of the. public, was not the 
question to be considered at pre* . 
sent It was the duty of tboT 
people to express their opinions 
fearlessly and openly, whether . 
they were attended to or neg- 
lected. (^Applau^e.) After some 
further observations, in the 
course of whidi he condemned ' 
the punishments that had re- 
cently been inflicted on indivi- 
duals who had been found 
guilty of exerting themselves in 
the cause of refe>rm, particularly 
instancing the sentence of Mr. 
Hunt, which he described to be ^ 
cruel and undeserved, the hon. / 
Baronet concluded by declaring, . 
that he was happy to lend his 
assistance on this occasion to 
oppose a sYstem of government 
under which no man co«dd 
possibly be safe. 

Mr. HoBHO V sE was then loudly 
called for, and came forwMd 
amidst general cheers. He be^« 
ged leave to assure then; iq 
conjunction with his ho^ourabla 
and worthy colleague. Sir. F, 
iBurdett, that his being present 

wd to beeoine the grounds dfltitthe meeting was purely acci« 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



denttl^aad t^at oir^Dteruig.the 
reoih he had no inteniioa of 
troiibliag^ them with, his sentl- 
meots on the momentoos qaes^ 
tkm whiehhad called thenr to- 
gether. If H had been thought 
^MtaHhytbme who had pre- 
etodtdU^ to secure the attention 
of the audience, he must feel 

only the* eonviction of gOTern*- 
menl— he meant his Majestys^ 
ministers — ^that they had th^- 
power to da so, whieh embeid- 
encd them to make tiie attempt. 
But they had the satisfaction^ to 
know Shalt even^ ali the preseol 
anniaters of the crown did not 
approve of the measures which' 

thatdifficidty in a still greater bad been pursued towards her 
degree; but, connected as^ he J Majesty; one of them had, ioi 

wa» with a larg'e portion of the 
inhabitants of tne metro poUtan 
city, it was his duty to obey the 
call whieh had been made on him, 
and to sp^ftk his mind freely, 
without looking to any personal 
consequences. H waa impossi- 
ble at the present juncture for a 
man to know whether he was 
committing a crime or not ; and 
perhaps he was at that moment 
subjecting himself to such pu- 
nishment as his Majesty ^s At- 
tomey-GeneraT might be pleased 
toinmet. Be was convinced that 
those individuals who were now 
saffbfing in the cause of reform, 
and whose names had been men- 
tioned by the hem. baronet, had 
be^en no more conscious that 
they were committing a crime 
upon the hustings at Manchester, 
or at Birmingham, than he was 
of violating the laws in address- 
ing them at present But, were 
be even sore of the same punish- 
ment that had been hiHicted oti 
those persons, he should not re- 
frain from expressing his senti- 
ments, and discharging his duty 
to Ha country (applause). The 
present attack on the Queen of 
England was no more than had 
been seen on other occasions: 
it was only one additional in- 
^ttfnce of open injustice, perpe- 
trated by open force. It was 

his place in parliament, express^ 
ed his reluctance to jpia in the* 
prosecution, and had stated his- 
opinion that her Majesty was as 
deserving as ever of affectionate- 
regard (applause). And were 
not the people of England to 
believe so till the contrary were^ 
proved! Were they to be de- 
terred from doing justice because 
the ministers deprecated and 
cried out against popular cla- 
mour? That which was now 
called clamour was the same* 
voice that had been raised from, 
one end of the country to theetlier 
when innocent persons had beem 
sabred aiid trampled to death 
while le^Uv and peaceably as* 
sembled m the exercise of their 
undoubted rights. The sara« 
arguments bad been used on this* 
occasion to prevent public meet- 
ings as had been urged after 
the Mancliester massacre: re- 
qiiisitionists had been told by 
certain sherifTs^and other official 
persons, that they were not for 
prejudging the question. But;, 
in the case oT the Manchester 
affair, when meetings were re* 
fused, had inquiry beea ulti- 
mately institute in pailiamisnt^ 
and had redress been obtained 
for the injured ? No \. the an- 
swers of ministers in parliaQient 
bad been, that the conduct of 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


Atf^wria;, 1^(80; 


the Ma^strat^ and Yeomanry > 
would beeome the subject of 
JUMirfgaliuiinia ceuct of law, , 
iiid U»t therelbte the qnestton 
would be prejodg^ed by a par- 
la««otapy inquiry; but when 
tba trial of fchMe acented by Hie 
^vfiYunent came on at Yofk, 
■0 evidence could be admittad 
respecting: the conduct eS tbeae 
who had eommitted the mar- 
^rs. la the same mannef^ 
when the bill at present pend- 
»» in parliament a^'ainsl her 
Majesty sbonki be passed, the 
people wmld be toid that it was 
as absurd to express theiropinion 
on the sabjcct sifter the bill was 
passed, as it . was iraprDper to 
prejudge it before {apphm^e}. 
The prosecutors of her Majesty^ 
in producing precedeats for the 
coarse of proceeding which th^y 
kad adopted^ said they would 
not go farther back than the 
Jevolotion. He would wish the 
peo^rfe to ^a no farther back 
than the penod of the revolution 
(flppfav«e). Ifmioistersthought 
they could find, in the pro- 
ceedings of that period, eertein 
roles by which tbffir condiiot 
was to be regulated on the pie* 
•ent occasion, the people might 
•botfiinkthat tliey could find 
MNDething which their ances- 
tors had done with gloiy to 
themselves, and with benefit to 
the nation, and the example of 
which they might do well to 
imitate (applauae).' 

Mr. Flaxnagan' moved a vote 
of thaifts to Mr. Alderman 
wood for his conduct in all the 

2?T ^^'"^^ ^^ ^"^ hitherto 
filled, but particularly for the 
manner in which he had meted 
towards her Majesty the Queen 

Tii# neaohiyott wte ree^ived 
with loud acclaaiations/andwas 
^^'^^i^unously agMed to. 

Mr. Aldermtn Wood stopped forw. 
ward to retam thanks, but the etpM. 
8 ions Hi apiwrobaijon prevented hiatibi^ 
«ome Um^ftrw bewg lN«rd. He ia«^ 
fooBdltMcaviftf^, for reasons wWeli 
rtiey would cSG«f e hiin for not t(«^Ar. 
t9rama4a«ttm«« thfli qaeaUmi, air 
onlf in^KMie of CamiMM, but if 
all public meetjustf, «id ovea fb pHvMe 
society ; jietfte Miifit aot^ tSb^^ihtr 
dumhUretunUiiy tlianks l^4he ho- 
nour they baritone hUs. Tttrti-aanaar 
A man, be was «onti«M* iia te|i 
couatjf, or in thhiii^p^am, •wIm, tf Ihi 
had been m paas^ssioa of tko tfaa^ 
foeu wbfoli bad i>oei iBow ttf1dm ibr 

spvewl JD0atl|S^7VOUld ittVW wi»4 

otbenriaetfHUihalM iomm. He fiod" 
knowledge thai Hio llMilHb«B kdy: 
^aain dmlMa of M^rai»r«kehad 
'h^m 9^mmA y^ikm^^m0km, in whfch, 
i"f fomeUfnu. had Mr wptK^y beeti 
dpp^, cbe^periHlNr 'Mrtd< nover h^fn 
raMiedibeaorfMrea. -Sbeihafll eHbe^^ 
a.boM4Mid detarttlni^ MQbg^ mA Tv 
hU pfknim dm ina rilfimki^m^ng to : 
:l^i0nA famdtm$ej: Ttta ^iftble eii. ► 
ptoelMd'Mt4haJoatiee of tkit »eiHf^' 
meat* evea tadiUsterfll w4i6 bad at- 
tempted ti»'pff«?ent her fpom comii^. 
.Iief% adiidlted^ aow tbat she -bad ar* 
rired, that the had acted correetly 
(ckeer$). In doing what he had done, 
he had merely performed hU duty as 
an Englishman. Cfreamstanees ema- 
nathig from a high quarter led him to 
believe that this illaslHous individual 
was to be sacriiced. He bad in coa* 
sequence proceeded to the contlhent. 
And he wai| sure thero-^ais no man who 
heaidbha who would not, under the 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


M^m^LBi^ 'Me«TIl9G> 

t)ie i^ipft fQ«l|«9i« hKW9 proceeded to 
the most diit>AtS^M<H of the world, for 
^ V^V9ff^ ofcfM^Ag' l*Ef ' evfery fts- 
sig^y^ ill !o» pbydr. IIoVbuldhsTti 
ilpl|«4o tfner coiHin^t^KII 6Mtr pe- 
vMililigffffieitl dmieff teKl not de- 
t|iiB«41iim}|i£n!fland:' H4»rMilje«ty, 
pvttdttMlR to hi5 leftving ttifti covtitry, 
ltfii|lg,d«limiii^^ti> flwAt Hie chtrgei 
biWHNllit, ifi«i> IJOT,^ Ve -^tftey what 
thfi9r.)H|flK|-lMd -mrdm^ him to send 
»cli|fK«cHliigi#Mito Ih4f^ tier oyer. 
Ue;.bi(ir«(«ir; JUniol^fehiDk Hrrfght to 
ttlwilMt fllip^ViMlMttolikilti&g other 
MUIrMBUi4 M* tM drCttiB^nce 
aldntf )irtkidi«iM«l»«r «ie Miy that 
li^id laliall >liOB. Wnrtf day, every 
how, hto >niMfi ^ere a'*ere iVHroaf- 
alMe appethuftbk ThM'-Mdence to 
wIMi.illrflOMr'of 4MMl4m had de- 
po«9il wap.tforMM«dl^ th'tter iTarotfr, 
l)i«likethoigl|t-ftwMliB|po<6iMe, mi*- 
w»<wHMMlli»gc ifl^eiwrtiy optoton irMdi 
l^beeiigl^mrh^rliUiibn; MMid of 
^e»rf«fl|»a :e#:4he «i#» 0eift«i 4»f 

BMdkpi^^:fo* «iy« tviMMi ti© iM 
hfirpOlty /Wfciiwll. '»d»^4fc m«^ 
parted her e«A«e>oMtB^ far plue 
orprefnriMiCy'whlle.tlKae whl» ware 
ftfi^ecl'ifftiiBt l iei ^ ^PB au yyp rt »i i by 
pfQsionardcfMiea freM the labotr of the 
peopU... The. pe«#oiis to whom he 
alluded leOeHed morelhaii three mil- 

lions anflomHy out of the pablie f«a4» 
Cikame^ shamt). He wf»3«»eitwp«ld 
give them great pleaaure .to hear that 
her Majesty was at the preseat momeat 
in the highest poesible epirits. Wilhhi 
the last Si^heors, behad beard her ex- 
pms hen»lf In tiieae words*-^^ I would 
aot eaohaAge my situation with any 
w oma ti in the world.** (Cheers,) She 
saM this while reasoning on her siiita-, 
tion— arguing on it widi that talent 
which she was well known to possess, 
and with a full knowledge of all the 
enemies she had to eocounter. Vet, 
under such ctrcumataneet, theae were- 
the vftagnaaimous expresaioos thi^ felf ' 
from her (mppUuue). lie could in- 
farm the meeting that on the first day 
of the trial she meant to go down to 
the House of Lords at 10 o*dock i|i* 
the 9Hmiing, mid she n^ter wouid' 
leave ft as limg as • the probeedioga 
were going on. For stroag reasooff 
which induced him atpresenlto be ti» 
lent, they would not expect that ha 
sbovld enter into the merits of ^ 
caae; aad therefore he should only add 
again hia thanks fbr the hohour which' 
the meeting had done hhn.^f(^4*ea^ 

Thaikks tmTing been.roted to thft 
Sherifl^ and to the Members of the 
ConuAittee, the meeting was disaoWad« 

WinUnX by W. BeNSoiv, 260, Strand.— Prici? 
Siapesee U^^lpemiy in theCounlry. 


itizedt^y Google 

iy^mm/i'tmBSMLY^ouTi^ ilbgikfbr» 

Vol. S7.— No. 5.] LONDON, 8ATU!RDA Y, Avous'r 19, 1«W. [Pric«,6d 



Kii^, ^aiid f|bo on .the^ fr^ 

wbic^ wiU ^^1^; tfi^ >7ttii #§ 

Wud9 44 Bag\^. 4 ^ *. I 

the l^et^r 4)f ^i; M(ajesi|r, w^ 
witb mnt ct,<iN l^ hH^^ (^ 
\ti I shall six i^^ffiS V, or, ra-> 

i am pot liviiisi* wl(f4tf 4i!M» 

of tfie. oo#tfp(# ikt i^^il^mh^, 

i . 

aHTor4»;qf «»»• l,/»«W«llh 
;tbeiL«ttfr 4l«fHii l»cf#sf attt 
(Other periodical pubii^i^^ 

bMQilv^r^ llP^ «m(t drotlMr 

'omit(Ml^ a0 Jir;«li'lk»:pflep; i(^ 
cQoeenia^ ;lli4 niMU4arae^>;9A 
piitf fit h^ deHeMi«i^:t« n^. 


' (Wli#.are«Mal«t0CIUfi>rBi),. 

71^ i^elteri muf oW the T^, 

' o/ ker Mqjesiy the *Queen.'^ 

* 1 , ' . - c , •• • • 

Lon^ion,. ;a*^ fw^^ W ^ 

$m9im^, 'l<«l|e».4eM/9Miitkal 
yMP:fmpVet; iii:kaiid^> 1 4i^ 
Hinaiaa.1».yoa>lh»uertMee lh»l 
iMwlNdiir t» It, M< fiPdea^ 
t^iyl Al o i mwiet on your Bwdi 
Hit «lH«a%: of exeKb^y^^ 

<iiitwiln fi««iiiit be bHBdvlB* 
«eW/ %*»{«E>#e Bill Mw %mi 
Aat I i fn u te r e ct in aij.<l 


rafoli KKaiiiijion 
lliel£^ttfr30««elMw^r *» ^ 

N ' 

• ■ Digitized by CjOOQIC 


To THE Ml DDL t CtASt. 


cfll it fidie^and ahn^ the iUitt- 
tnmm wrileh- -Anjr-^tMtt 
uUkyftraUt Iht BtU of Pains. 
anir Pehalties, wBiidli aoooses 
llii^deea of the foulest crimes 
before trM { Mrt n6 niati dsres 
Ittiilse lhe<|iietifs. Letter, ptit 
forth in the wky of cMiphfitit 
JMd refaoi Ai yii^. Ad7 man 
wi^ ny',knd lhmy,''fa print, 
l^tay, ibtt ^ Qneeiiis a fci^ 
liPoiiMtii ^ hat ^ jMch iltoeji to 
a^/ ii^^riftl, VAc the penoil in 
«Mik \>MilAr Ih^ i« p^os^i^ 
it i^iNl^^iaRi - iMmy part, 1 
A^ ttot Hleftir^ 16 iiBy tl ; btti, 
atl^yi' tte^tlMi'hdMf niiBt 

miaA k to tay, he trill.paiirViiAer 
UM • ^fery feiiii€MNteii 'Of 'Mio 
Qoaea'4. co»plamt^.aMi o(.4di 
.the mischief -Mit has 'followed 
and pmeeNedlhW Jhtf leptftK 
tionj. TUi, however, if what 
th0 nation wi^ noi pati over^ 
It 18. in order tp come at a foir 
view of the. tnbject, ahioliitel/ 
necessary to go back, not only 
to the (Muses of the ^tpktatUm^^ 
hot to the inductmnUi to ihe^ 
marriage. "- The QMeii^ tt^i» 
pMebded/ U to lfe VM < aAy^<iM 
ind^^diihoiioMea Mr <tho4ato^li* 

f^Suair^itM y^ 4:Mip{Mr^ 

for the aMfio of Aetimf Ml. NJM»^ 

Mw-WeomiHiiin^'aid t^ 
TjJfc^straDc^s M ' her own lan^* 

«'^Nepii«ioiea<ldkpt has bbM 

iNiyi4H|t MtUiiyliislmefei pof^ 
11 OmaipeH 

be allowed tkrhaV^ a righl tb 4heni&itepeSaab0)|l:'Mt,MM/ 


aeH o«tby otaminy;: thatho] bwnben|mdon%;! t^M 
AM fiW #vta« ikR thsA rifois to^ 

in coBsoqa^moeortlioiaisthiftf 
taid, tffnitf, the nptian bis m 
|ht to knowv fnoe: Uhmai 
haire 4Mir: So ibMr 
pees, w4s H was duiDmaa' 

II»al^oH» naMtmei!] 

not to MMTos^ )V li Dare ni er,^ 
thAi J may not 'be «feitsAl 3o« 
|)arttltfity, I )dia{t.ilISttrt, directly ' 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 

HP*. • ^iiLjccHJftt 19, ibiiq; ; Mf. 

ttreooT tto uti^l^. tkat ^vr^* 

fib^^'liroofKeqttenGeofit: la 
the^ft it 19, disserted* in one plane, 
tUt % <2v«0A camoi be tried by 
A^ etikMtf coartt aiid:j«ries; 
bnt, in'iisibitkt place, h is as- 
sert^fl, that.sbe » dL^uiJeet ana 
iiiir be trii94> '«A« €m$Aer irufr- 
>Ml, for ttie '^ fr^Mon/^ ODm<* 
mitfed hi'.irfaiflgr this tetterf 
60 that^, she is, according: to 
> men,, to have aU the disailr 
mi oena^.ti»;be«ie*^^ 

aatiure of jUje ^rgpe(mlj6ii. A^ 
«ftf ii^ whMi pmtedi an ^c| <|^ 
^ortti^iir; aaid llv» ael^ ff 
yas$ed« is an aietmadeij^i^the 
coaaiusaioii. of: the alleged of- 
feiMBlu . U iiM.4herefore» yoiMm 
ealteif ah ejr}»eM;/iMl«>,«to 
ail) (iUteU x^ti^\i S^, tfoit 
T ?^' fffjfostjacia laui*^ shall bi^ 

Mf^) tlifti^iiikes i/Hrtl^angijir, 

MJnd punishea it. For instance^ ia wo a^itne kn6itf^*td thelawi 

In-aMglit. 'TlM^j^oMrcri^ie't^r* 
iM fllMe^ili^v^laiigir; but Mi> 
Wet may be passed to-nictffow^ 
Inakingit acDme ui m^jio haye 
bolan^had t^^Uty^aod pujiisJi.% 
ibg^'ine/crawaikiigKiig. ThJa 
would* be an ea* pM-fdcto tatt ;' 
And the htws of England 6a}v 
tbi^t Do^udilaw: shall Mpassfd. 

^ I^w; eifth^v^tHs^Q^iBett !»» 

committed ^methlhg^ which the^ 
^law mahes acKms ; or she )i^ 

Mt^ If sbc'havei wh^peiftH 
latrf vntj n^t ffMd A«itibe law H 

ifHy not' tfj- he^ *y 0iat tdu^f 
ibeg yoq to^lbol wellat t&r[i|: ^^^^^^^^^ committed ai^ 

crime ^ then MsitUrit fmme^ 
must "ft^ W tsr-p^it 'faia& hm^: 
H mosr m^€ iKe. ScrtW as* welt 

that ner^RJi^siy nwDeefr^wwy 
of higiily'linwuring; with inaf^ 
oCdi4ti||cM,o«.A |na|i/;W;hQ was 

eWm^ -'^ tpsi^y • thai fhs^aml 
has/\M a M^l^ev^ii^. This 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To THE MiDhii Class. 


i^ ti were. Lord \k\e mercy 
i^aigMiiEtinaiiy metii mhme 
4My U is to aelH^ goq4 e«|||ip^ 
H «ay9>jlhai the Queen M. car- 
Tied ,on an adulteraiis inter- 
eowrse. Even this, in such vagptu^ 
wonfe* b ^ crtme Jbun^nia the 
torn. . And; tiiMretee, ifihe BUI 
Iie^k>|iie a law«, without ajtera- 
tioii^ it must be an ex^9tfa^to 

Adukery U, indeed/ II crime 
l«Miw».ta tte laws; and it is 
jjwisbed by diwrpej that if to 
say, in the case of a wife, by 

produce nothing* to show thd' 
aeti br h^r hastNmd. ' Nayr il^ 
will iiPVbe. tfWfWMTj^ l^'iM«l 
BcfUs^n, to prove^. Wvt^ 
ndultery on her part; ibr/the 
Bin proposes to punish^li^/^liot 
forffttf ode/ <mMc<^; bUt/lBii' 
an <^i>lfsrfiit i^Arrctrwr^ 

which ;ins\^ ,.FI^c^; ^^^^^jWf 
khort of aduUery. To loo^ at a 
man, and to toiA to be' more 
closely eonnecle!! with hiia> may 
be called ssi sBcMfsT^SHS jm^srv^, 
cottrs^.| To live upanj^n^tjj^ 
terms with jpeisons, gt^iltjr ojf 

iakinff from hei^ her rights as adultery may be called an 

*Wifb. Bttt, then, there must be 
4 trM aeo0rdif^ to. km\* and^ 
iippn this triat $hj^,ifi($.n|ig^ 
mrod^ee evidence to show, that 
file biisbaad was ih6jir$t breaker 
^ Uto ferriage wno r afld, if she 
shew*^, tte vmBel will be 
^g»ii|st the husband, who can- 
Jf0t, ia sQch ca^, Qbtain a di- 
TOiee. Would it not be^ mon- 
strous if he couM f Wbnid it liet 
W^«9«|'^»^"^ etpfMioti? 
VpOB Sttob oppdiMops what wo- 
rn^, p^i absolutely mad, would 
ever marry f . 

Vet tWmoie' of pWcee^ng* 
^ Mn wUl shut the €^i6tD out 
ipom the pQfdbUity cti the sort 
of' <efetto$, te^ wWdi 4^ would 
be entitled ia the courts of jus- 
ti^. -Shi will be allowed to 

adulterous intercoursew Itt short; 
aDy^draamatuieey KMreer^f irilW 
lingr, may be twisty j0f> fc)^ 
wo^ this appellation. A9^' 
therefore, according to this Bill^ 
the Queen may be divorced 
and degraded MAs«r' any oA^ 

Aer. . 

Such is the nature of the pro-^ 
oeedfng against the (ilueen. A^ 
to the natutwef the widmpe i. 
as 40 ikm- 0mtiit%tt^ . <f *4 
l^nffl} fl^ to the ^fusiijg o( the 
names of vritnesses and evwi of 
times and' places; as to' all 
these,' Hbt^ pMke ste sImmIj^ 
wvtt MMied. t sbiM Mia 
givfi. some aceomit ojT. cfrfi^li^ 
prepi^rations. that have b^en 
made for the trial ; for, I wisfc 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


^ Aucitn 19. 1»»0. 


that idl yoa who live at a dis- 
tance from London, shguild he 
eometly informe(| of , . the^ 

riioidd ^liave aoipo r^wrd, of 

1^.?'..:* , :,,' , - y»..l* .'T'r- 'iJ. , 

^m; m order tl»t.we^ may. 
know ber^after w'M sort of 
iidpMiit to form of those who 
BOiir ml^ppiiy ooiidAipt the 
natioii's affairsJ and who have 
blougfat the Idng^, the Queen, 
\km people an<i themselves into 
th^ present situation. I, for my 
owp part^ have fpr maxiy„ years 
(MJ^n endeavouring to warn the 
natioii of. the consequences of 
tli9 present 9ystein. , If the 
Ihin^ which wenow behojd be 
^fjldat^d to alarm, the faqlt is 
fK)4 ,iwpe t,.^r, i have piftiBly 
^mtujll^that sueh thi^ woiil4 
t^ilce |]^flc^.iiole$^ ^y^^J^ 
wiMDe ab^oulpn^^ Ttiat (lie sj^s- 
^ ]|^ l>^^U{^h^lfit has been 
pwin^ to . tbd ^pai^ of the 
|ni(^p ch|«s^ of the cpminupi- 
tg^;^ho .}iaye, i^.&ct^ done <jo- 
(^iB|rte,ckM^the Jbiit 

wbd ii^ve»pn the conti^ary, be^ 
i^vely ^ instrumental in many 
c^;.!!! despitefirtl;^a^» 
SiiA. ^ destfoyiny tboi^ who 
kat0 MKivred so. :ar4ttQUsIy for 
ti^r.I^renting^ of .ijj^ evi)s. 
jja y{io .of (he middle cla93f^ 
therefore, I Mdf^ss ni^self upon 
Uus. oci^aaiP^ V9^> if ^^^ i^Ad 

what I say of yourselves wit)) 
disa^f^fobation, youjr di^prd* 
batibn will give me po pain. 
Ky feelings of coiypassipi^ are 
confined to those who bav<i 
suftor^^froip this i^yste^.^p^ 
conseqaence of thpic end^^yours 
to /change it; and it is thejr^apr 
probation, and not your appro^ 
bation that I peek^ 

Look then, if yqq $avp any 
thing worthy of the naaae. of 
public spirit left about yop^ looU 
^t the^cenes which now prpj 
sent th^inpclves \^tox^ uk 
Shamefol the)r^a|re; but they 
reflect no^ 4^ffif^^ UjH>n nie« por 
upbn'.any pf ^ose men, wha 
have li^o^red ;vBih |o n^ch 
zeal , and disinterestedoess Jt^ 
prevent i\^^^ like fi{ ihrn^ 
apd niany of whom have suf- 
fered ^ severely for those 
laboyr2>. Many of you of the 
middling classes, Merchants, 
Master-manufacturers, Trades- 
Ijnefi, and above all, Farmerf ^ 
Oiany of you, and indeed th^ 
far greater part of you, hav^ 
ii^eea the rjpvilersp(^t,hase, wh^a^ 
labpurs WQjjld jhjpi^^ jjgrRfie^f ^ 
y«u fpif^ i^ tei'^rs.^f ijto^ ap^ 
proaching i^s : let .tity^ae 4pr- 
C0& ha the .iewa|rd of ^ Pf^-* 
iqgs V wd Jet a iflMiuyuipti^ 
9X facts ; Iff a ^imidejff^cil. pli 
what. th0 system bfA i¥>w1|appstt4 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


Tp THE MiJDDLt tJlAtt. 


io i^'^Aone, he in the eyes of 
fiosienly, tfae' justificaticra of 
Vhost mfenSvhiDm *y6u have uij- 

diat^%<ii iStii' 'We %1ISi>, Saving' 

iMio yon liave mil«d wwridie 
«t»|i6Tt&t(tMi'' of iiuS>l>iiBa"iaii<i 
lUdiealB; i«ta'<(i)liUrlMi< t^ls 

Mt '«*- iiNyt tlte titbtasikl t»- hw 
qAtMlitdrW MttiMtt'l* tSOV; 
tli^{itfi'ffl>tV4%ib (IktJoyereA 

i^B^^tfet^'tti'ttla^ttr' oitiis 
ittd to k^ WltibMteitptfBMthr 
1(> Ibiiiirtlii'sViAeMe^iato' «- 
ttcVJ^, ii^ iUk<^ !t> iifaaM at 
«ditfj(,#tei<l^«ri«ttat t» irate 

ifii<r(die inif<^alM tb'-Aib t>6tttl 
tatr »f p^^tifj^ ; ' ftttt' if^w vM 

Uve fti«'oiiftou&Ueati6n %Mli 
the i^il^'1bat'1«:>irt»^ii6f iM; 

vras Dol we wb» adt&ett lidf to 
feave the ■cbuBliy, be<)awe at/t 
uiiuAti^ liiUiMAs «i(h»''eal^ 

«^i<tf»iUti]" anif 'tiki %.<Fl«am 
miiiit'btlke)-; W^i^KltW^' eOtelf- 
byevery'lCiiui^ <i(^n 5B^;'<!6n{ 
dneht*; (HA. if was ilot ^tf wlj* 
»!Fvbed W wtphbgiif^T <it^tlij^ 
ftaiiie ftoui' "the tiiHfgy',' (h^ 
teAdbr dfiibncy aiwt Ifae^ti^'i 
Kt '8t.'t[)bi^h»i lltat/ir>»ia' h^ 
We'^^Kb «i»Bt 4ewtf Uib ChniStt 
BagYKjfcstttW; tlMR tr#u^t 
We K^ft'^lTered her HO^'ttoii- 
Muiit pbinMls a yjd«r wMi adc^W- 
le^^riMfeDt «*QlMen-al af>ik«i|ea 
e»art, Md V (kM«tr VMirHrt 
iuiitb, togetltef whfc iM ^ uii ii y 
ibr^H^lKr fettee«l'<f«»BMk -tliiit 
Ihelkad tekinM«<N^l^iat4^<^' 

nbt W0 WhelflittMrAb ^HtAM 
of Comnonii to' dselire W"h«i; 
ttiit v'ttm, iff ttr ttdiH '#il 

%\ia aaVyfflElte'D>l«ldM^ «r 4WMv'a*d'-ii(^i(rW>'^d 

flier IifdMie^*'ti»- i^ipteV Itt «»dN^ 

teil (ir'tif eHflie; Md>fKr the 

]%«n tM^vM fter-M- lis etiWf 
r«£d>iuted hbr Innsdr; that it 

ykt ifH&H^-^^'^'M/i/i 

evMi iltor i^ lUBt Mea: ia|tt!«^ 4ad vflM,' idth^ tMb;d«akM^. 

«n tKe lotWMli ortM AiiiiM^ 
OM^kKMii^ iei»hrU -1^ • A*' 
frd««AtfnM ^ of 4bor -tffy' M^i 
tlutt it 1^ not we -who iuivtied' 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Atlovtt M> iMOi 


^ vtpoie of ifcttwepwiiiHHr, 

aad jttdgM: r^iMmber, t^Uf^ 



<a£ined imt6 them. VtlM* d9 

Mttiall. -inity<«lr^.ttlt«MM.1«fi«l 

:attte ImWMifs HUM « %«ti«. 

,^i>»aftMfc^» %t d k JltftoHegJ<itiaore 
taft lkil4MMy €cr«riditiMlB| tM^aiMl ^vdtb ttfe*i^ <uid^ 

Im»v Ww /8ble-> w^ 'b*^ '^' 

•«te ^iiw iMi^aiiiilrtV Mill 
riili iBttv Jwr0 . li ii l it l i iA>iqfH 



* vnv ^siivy 


HmMMmmM :|to«n4<Wtu«*»-*M<(>» (l» gikMih 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC, 


Tq<.tb|c MkDA^A CIiAS». 

3£ry i^k ivaM iii^iH»9;part4 9Ad 

f ;.ll»^n!|li)l^ .{R)00e.^.b^ i Imp 
«9aiPt«, ttMW fMMW ilalMii 

XaiMiiBif And tha ditrtwimrfiiiii mn 
.P9P^(^;tl^9ia.wi|ilfpaeik And, 

JlOoa^pu^e fi^fgA^tMir Vesi^^Mf 

jhU ibiair lu^.JiefVi dw#» it iMyi 
JtH^ d^ae not oufy ¥HitIu>tit the 

toc(»9ff^4^4 Aam MfMHV" itiMi 

bv ianii»fiiih]ir taoliotfiinMi^b 

^ ikwf withpvl^ 4ft. 

Xfan ij»«a»iijiit|num ite'M^ 

rbmd MMft II* MniBiiuo'if 
llNii ftpirtiwh nf aft >0li|F iMpo 
bk ta make pMpaialiMsM 4^ 
faaca ame lanaktabte^tliMt 
aoftaatty .tenig upi Hiiugiifcwit 
afcidnidttiYlraai^pna .Ml ^ j 

M tk*4iilMftt «frf4Mi«/fmr 
fcandlod jfrti inrir tutittyf^ nn- 
iii» r p w hg y B aataqa H jh p li rt ^-^ 

mf§m gfdAafftiftucvbwl^Bid 
yat^a t^dfaeyaalh nf ikitBIMia- 

.Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

, AvGlfi? Itr, IMO. 


^to,. or JUoik^, of this wetl 
defended spot tber^* are. .tw(^ 
bo^sei, dwelling's of g^real Offi- 
cerff •( the Parliament. These 
l)fi^ been evaciiat€4 by the te- 

mm^tMifqfi^i^;^ j^^i^Ut fofir J^a^ls ; or, at leuU they have 

p piili i ^ w i t i|i|ie fco q n t e rmnlr 
0C««tMihiHdf#( tVm^Ht 4ro< 
iwli» «Mir ^ Hmm id the 

tiled with bediteadi aod 

.bedding iuiSaient for a great 

of persoQi. H^kiU perr 

fnfrm^fd. Weoottid gifMMs; bi^ 

^'ipii^, you, M ]foi| ate j«<ih 
ifiae people, andrhave m pm- 
,f e i i t> i » » it »ea ^tmt (»f mto e irtu jj d^toiy kept alooTllr^m, or assist- 
ed itoqppi^eia,. t||e BadicaU, the 
RadicaUiaay i^a^ne you to guesi 
fbiryoanelTeir ] 

AU tbe piiepav«|iop> beiof 
the triat. Of rather Ih^ 
preliiiiiiiary steps towards it, 
have be^^e this meoiohible day; 
a day which you will bftve good 
caosto to remember to tbi^ ^^ . 
niomeBt of year Ijhres. 

To deseribe th^ midtitttdep 
accompaeyinig: the Qufen U> and 
from the Hpu^e is, what i sfai^I 
flfot attempt N^ver ywt^ such 
midtitedes seen belocei upon any 
occasion. Kfv^r wai feeling %^ 
intense. Hundreds ^ wom^ 
wepflto seen mrying in the stieete; 
and, I6t it /be recorded and 
remembered, that' these tea^s 
came firom tho^ who have been 

^pti te enr^iy idipeetipn 

i» t fcl h e iyieigi|y-otl»o»<oaf-r^ 

jmd i w p #e p ?af.^o^Pi^y»pinanry 

j ab lwM li r iN^atiBrvIhe streets 

BriibilMff aw#«da/dra«m oq the 

diiMliM 'from Wfpt- 

brl^ig^ ^whieh crosses^ 

vllm1jb*iBes,aiitfHmt 4hi^ ban- 

AftAjMds iNW tke HoQse. 

.1 a«i% is «e Male ci( tbii«s on 

.thli fHirf side ; but, aa ye9i«ha¥e 

if^ tlie ebosen ji^ belnei 

t is open i|a tile iratfr, 

Mtfaal there Is a wall of 

< tifeBly fbei to scafe. In 

Jnst eppesite the 

iMIeffe before df- 

% .piiiQed a vessel, 

as a deA ^above the^ 

fM-dMkn esid. :whMh caitiesi 

.1ooiil\a]qMaraBe^. CN»m eia^« 

iMfilo JMrmiy funi/ On the 


Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


'T<Hi»fc Kllbbtt ChfiM. 


"Htllililry W»yM» i«<»re ^(kldgr 

Tlte 'ptoceeAibg^ in ^'HmIS* 

«tti|)M^WM»1tf%o'1il«tfriWW «tMls <^Mec>4«i^ r KitT'dlWit 

Mm^' Mr(<M''<fAl<f^/> • • '>' ^^' -^ 
>- ISwiilClKit'ii' v^ faiiif 'pfie- 

sUiMition. Look ai Uie ' pSoluM. 
t9bMH]et''iAi^fhiMif9e-8iWs olj 

KMs ', for A^lfHfin Odmrntssiori 
Md airifi %p|^^hdiisr<^^ ^ %iid -Tm^ 
flR (h^ teariMMi 6ii%6?Agt oa 
account oT'tiKs' t5^6^irtMi 
kaott WeU Ufki f6^f&elnH dfa-i 
gta(N(. Mtfl^Mo^tftUyoifiidi 
fe<4 h>oi» iH#U^^, and^ tMti 
yo«t tHwtkA tf^' accdttUt '^0^*'^ 
danji^et^r lo wft^ yM «Mi}i*'«pe 
^CTtyae o d a iWAi^iiiVMr tblM/lsay, 
^«M Daifle; ^tMMT tiiU eo^ itad 
dMfrrv^!i|iHM>i>^v^» Iia«t^iaaici 
upoi^ :JPIU M. >»»V n9t I tapifljal 
or ac^vely dona your best tq 
preveiit that refer m of theHotisQ 
Of C;>ni)tt(yi»s/^^cb would have 

^ dAy;'M#. Bitiigliihi tMA^Ma 
ipfeedli agaMM Ilia' prtMii^l^'ila 

b^ sMh^ V}^ «#i pi#v^iMtojr ^ 
irjp<ili^«MlQ4i> lif^aii aciiilii^ Ntjr 

hati^ ^lfeiBy:4Mitt;«')|li|r KiMj^T 

^y^ta the lyiilatii; aMM 1 
^dfera^tiv it ^idH "iicit W^ 
the*' «fMiU» '»r4M-'taia;'^:a^ 
rateslC^lMlM^ *oil MiNr ifer^ir 
mhai>- aflli> item ^9i j^^o 
i««KhHto sifeig#««^ awNa tiig'yod^^ 
lel'Tek ill Ihe aaaafity whioliytM ' 
^Bth Iierii4a^f1h»m . iny oBffbHi, 
^MUe yau^amthe bai^ kyMli- 
Ihde tac antUMP 4^ ipiiriatai|d ' 
ftanattiai; MmA vpiri ina.'U^ ' 
¥au4iak^'p«iiiiij^. the >miHie 
co«i^, as ycmhaarealwayi^aili : 
ydu ba>v« madii^tba ijdt^.^r 
im^^ A«4«cii4» aifEl^flHit* 

Oastloreayh, Si*»ottth,.aiid li- 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 


*^ AtGtif 1§, mo. 


Verpool arc yWs';- efej^^jjjr iKom 
%nd their \rorki. ifoti hiive fiad 
'^or dajrof ^etdA c6liafdft :'take 
*ffi^ datithatnife ifcsT ciJaiiii^/* 

^roattd'bf &if:^ety (br tt^^ wfo 
*1iai^iil€ti fof iicr iwany jfeattf (it-; 

-it tiltefe*r'l«Jent fe "rrfhihrc^'yiti; 

tice^of^^^ «i^A<fflct! IfouiiaVd 
M ^hgpeen ttying dtit h^aYnst, 
lte'"4ittfrer df reform'; agLlnsti 
^tfinri$<6tt)^leViy^edd^^^ Vise 
tbV'A^Uwt^ (lie cottfuswin tiiat 
ItWodtd ni<iW«r,' ' Wttmiie no Jan-! 
Ifet BOW ? ^Afe t^tfr noW ho 
-trtfvM^/ hod 4^ (hete ^now' no 
tomhu^ t You have lipheld tKe 
l^lditoiii sv^m ; but hi^k ^Q 
iecnfetf' ' ba!lr|ii6tf^, ][>cace, and 
^i^ly*?^ Oifi tKngp* abcrve dl 
tythers^otigfat Ttever io' Be for- 
gotten : ^'ou ap^laiicfed BtdmoMb' 
inrho ttpi^uded the Itfagfistri^es, 
«iid ' Veomaory of Hanelicste^.' 
YooirilyiAaQse was died by the 
rpriteHMTidtt^r is afToof ofCfi^ 
^prie^ fk the Mimtdierter 
1dfii%' ud wounding. I^ell, 

try, werc^ ond^nvolirlii^ to |ie^- 
sdade ym to job iH fe^fbl'M^ 
*om tooVtaiii that^ohn^fcfch 
^Vould^'nfdh'-'tf^**iJttf^'aH ifB6 
to rted' tod '^ktVitatfi/,^ Wtf Iftp. 
ll^^1iD^te<frrecld}i ^tti^ii^UAi 

'^^^b%i^'4o f^im^le'iA 18 V^ 

'fb^cc^y6u ttnied iWttthlfe^ 

<rf eMn^Pfi^ any-tUfi^ further 
tliii^ta$iobe^performed! ' 

Wh06 -wmi^ of taient V the 
-^mti^ p«l^ i^rit, of ibe most 
flMtet devotiob io- their com 

'K^ea^t^ihiit HIM ;>M^'<M'M^ 
iNeaysbe tbryob;'|«vteritfriWis. 
dtfcfe^ft cbrirectterflf^ifWbi^ sbrifes. 
tihitesf bdk 1 ^hf (jitifb i^hrtfM 
ihit yoWerrOi^ are tor be^iC 

not cofhpel yob -tb^fceh' *fioti 
-halve ijdietiy ihdei6n yiorH-' 
pUisablly- aeeb ^vit dbiMtyi. 
meh^^nft dfr to jtfl'j^ at^tbrf- 
veyedf te tb^ ^IdtTs filidi^iiii^ 
Wary eitor«;«» IPeii ii^ «*»• 
thhi^ ia«ti(F(kbfttf!'7bi^MiTe 
hobckly 'to^ Mam#; Whaled 
yoii maysu!lbr-yot»tir#fife'eiiuje 
ot' yi)br own AiffeHiis;8.''''Hka 
yoa adteir yobr i^t 'it^j ^^ 
sMtldleDiigr ug&hitwh9a\^* 

ihm; . tA^ wi^rout eoiilortaon formdf t1ibHoMeW(!6tintfoiH^ 

tfBd iAeii, we flidiiiia"alf Havb 

and people. ' Bbt yon'cotHd tli/t 
inditre'the thot%ht of ihiflterin^ 
the* labourer and' ahizati, tKbsib 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


^o THE. MipptB C^ftS. 


whpse UbouraiylufigeQuUy yield 

jpn fdl.ypar ooquforts ^ ^^s,* jej#ot3iJi;fe^, wh^^hftveJifl^ 

ja(i4 JFbot# Amp. pi)otect yQiL,ui 
r^ pQM0i|fiop of thtni}. yon 
cfuitd not tednrp, tbf icie% of sqC- 
jMt^Onpm to yMtiqp^. with 
yoa in ^j^iijQffpikwiQt f^U&s^ 

l^Kf^ Jtoo^bm; jrotti^aciM^t 
fo|r;ihj|» to Jdng^as it gavoyoii 
^1^ power^niioaenBg'^Yer 
lanthftr cliii* TU$ waa the 
jftM^Ul^ i!y which jpu. ijrore ac- 
liaio^ ... i^s jfo^f 4>oli^ been 
/^ffsed withjiicoeat ! Oh! no.; 
b«(t the f^a^/Q^yoitf aeUteh coa- 
4i^ is, 1^ vfiVL M precmljr 
wh^t ia ^rit^.by tbaicopduat* 

W€ffk s^^mg tSli^.h9^fifoAw^ 

ikmr hotrM with fei^r^ whid 
haTo DUfto iJbeir opif^ loieijp 
kfK^ togotbor; wU^, hin^ 
caniied th^ir pilloiRrito he halt- 
ed, wilthvitto^f. at Ui^,^if^t of 
which a Radical pi^y , anite. 
Ajd4$. whai woiil<|ipat tbem^^to 
sh^nie^ K aqy^ 
such nm to .shame i they h»SPf 
seen thfir heio take JKgbt upefi 
the list a|^pearance of deofer- 

He ia lbe.CVH»|ipenti 
bvt to If hat pi^t -of it jpo. aaap 
«caa tell ! . .He U the yieryfiiat tp 
deeamp ;. he# ^ho called ^poa 
h9»J|tiicdyheafeiiJ(o '' tah^k€^ 

The MHpid and. 8elish.eiew j^ifk^' ^ te. 4fht;to tlka^aat 

ihft hnsxaed the (IroUiy Caoniiiiir 
.at MvMP9ol| jvhil6> he was ^»> 
Imiiiiating the Aaformeca. and 
m^ii^r iW^ of what he ^ifpr 
.peaed to he their eferlf^^ii^i 
jd^at, frc#l now he taught; 
if any thini^ fl^d, t#aeh theip, 
to f,ep^i o( .thfii; baseoettJ 
Th^ hai^.jSflW'-^i'^^the course! 
of Ave short months, all. the 
pvediatifin^ of their piopl^t 
bbym aolo air* They harei 
aeeh that tha< ;^ery syst^; 
,which be* applauded to the! 
akie% and which they, even to; 
the jireiy.tearing of their thro^, 
cheered bim for applauding; 
^tbey have seen that very system 

breath in de£iQce.of .what.h^ 
called their Gonstitation. Ha^ 
^one ! The hiBfo of;Livetpo(^ 
11) gone* . Thai^ CMfor thal^ 
at >ang[ rftte» We ahaU hearni(> 
jMore ef his. jesting on ihe harit- ' 
iilg>bowelB 4>f the HM^Fmera. 
He will sever again jyt rthj& 
house in a roar byasa]^. ^' 
great bodily affetion ^le SfA^ 
ject of a despieablf je«|.iq.)a# 
wopU not be the j^wqusfTv^frtfeP' 
Queea^ hej sai4> -^^..iMp ¥^ 
God., At tha time w|)en^. he 
made this deolaratioii^ aecpm^ 
piaoied with nn eu)f)g^|a,oif ^er 
AfAJf ^7v who did met siippoa^ 
that he meant to fiiil lAe ^oeffrw 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


AtJGvsT ii, wva. 


neii and to do Us beii in faer 
iUjtiifk Mencti WithAife 
udenUBdifigi I t^gtMea^ Mv 
<5(Mliitt at «^ fMiriy Z*** tat d^ 
1 iM^itetftat^lte MM gifM Ml 
dMtoiit 'fo HKfi^tliiltHttf oflM' 
nsM^IMtt %» titMfgy, wtiMy it 
fi» Att^ l^qpeiffM that 1m htd'; 

iMng^'thM'fce: kMnd^^ 
XA^^UifA^M U tIMsifne CH^ 
iHniiti ^' tmkMf «o luMi^bifcpir 
MkMfVtaf tli#^Mofl»f , ^Mlll« 

e«iM, Md f^ftafltaMlrt was 
dftMrid Wby hit «>llea^ir^iesf 
' Ttiiii''iiatt^iia»beenMe6rtiie> 
iliM.vMbfiBiig oC'tliie petpsaeoa; 

ta^.M tte Hitodd trf relbm. 
Hb ^xartians i|faiDtt w teTe 
b«en ^dmMbit;;Bii'iaoMinlett* 
datio*' o( oMiBdvet Ihm' bMn 
iaob- M to MwkiUM tt itli« pim^ 
mm» of Wrakniay araaltf : 
uk Uf lin^ui^^be bM'bMi 
vMbfftdy ^ilim i i dBS 'Mid iMo^* 
kM ABd;^afp9Bil^ -vrnf^ini 
appearance «f ^Ausgef kf Imwelf 
tkrmiiie Bi^aaor^vrf^ he hat 
taen poTtiungp^^ ht, -thon^h he 
HUSsA biepkMseas a ttfadHer, 
Mteft 1^ earam item hqrond 
liie conlbm ef libit IdiigdMi. 

IVi aMr relalhie to the 
<taeen has^ tot 4i^ flmneiit, 
•wrilowed Bt>^every oth^ den- 
fH*. Bet; this a Air wholly out 

of the qdestion, Uie'daAge«i/the 
dangers imepareUe fnw* thiC 
Bpmm Miilf;' haire goM fii' (n* 
dr^aflittg;' * Tb^ iNftepi eliiidiiy 
OA thdir<]^aM\ ind ts^fidras f 
m^fietf en^ ooiicoiMMdliy' i-iIMM 
b« sdrryto^eetitflillMmqMlid 
l^eny lUilgf of'Ml ii«lore.^'ii^, 
theiyttenrgo^cfti. Leiit^ oovmi' 
toiraMfttntterttfaldtiM; e*dt 
Aen etery otte wM reifeive the' 
jd«<fMldheWhiatt«lidlte(. W 
an Hio t»etiiionf fUtimrMA t»y 
f&n^lers, %y nietfchentir hynti^ 
neflbefohirs, ^y'tM#ri%f every 
sort, whht 'i^newer bai^'*betiJ 
giveiif f • K^hat rtMNoa hM hMlT 
lAirdbd? Wh«t Wlief has any 
OB^ oMained' of d6e* Me iM>t)er 
t6 ohMn: wblkt'hat Mean the 
odiw^ortbis enr^lbnttM par-^ 
lieiiiisn^ to* ell these p^tflienflr 
Wbjr, thtti fl can iMrtth^r gh^ 
reKhf not* held oat n ho^ etre-' 
Kef; tinft the dnflfcmni; HMe «h^ 
spideni' must sf^in' ibl^ir mcHiAa 
of relief MmA their own bMrMt; 
er* Oat Mtey must go uiitel tef ed . 
All the prottiMe >$f im^irid 
inattees hav^ been btokenj 
eif^^peetatiOB bas beehdh^ 
appointed ; Iknd amon^t Hm 

most'sangfuine of the supporters 
of the system^ yon find indeed 
those who caleelete' vpo^ 
morUhM of duration ; bet neve 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 


T<»yiP.lMiD^£ Oi.Asr 


n iwi Ul iwt ili .iof itiit. ymgki ft 
Vie {MAlilp^>9,|Hlf lOlifaiM^ ky 

matter now if Two ooiioCries^ 
ate fttiready r^yo|iiti6oizcd; ud 

Hmi VET W^VMMI^ #a*w 
sen* fl^yvMil ^43i«f»^;«irn .wwita 

iritt^ JF4P af O,<t»l t l »i | .tO QfO^j^ 
lN»i«M% iMiliMrMi 11^1(1 Oi^t dl^Ml 

it ja ifiooiMMii ^^f» c!«yi of 
tli^lf OMM««|f|ei¥M|s if Un^jmsQ 
I AfviiMnt to J^fUiHi^i^^^MKid asK 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Autett i#Maftk 


mantffticttirety big Imder. or 

l^d^il Biji to^liie q^; Ihk it 
all ibe workof yobr oi^ bandst 
An his alfarisen Mfn ytnt oWn 

iMf fawiWiy iigfato0l:ilhdio i^ho 
iim lat^mtiiff tp obtaiii a resto* 
fWon oC the libefties of the 
t^cii^, mi' on idki basis to es^ 
tivHHi Itue Auchitly '<^f an* nttncv^ 
•nAylfflittUHt^ of ttieOHinia 
Vbtte^vl^^ in,ilie:iMeeffCiiii 

irtate of tbifigs to latpent \rr 
Winteve/'ifim ma;^ be in^tbe 

JW ** ^:W yfHi w^ cioabta, 

oncertaiaties, and inqgietude— 
itt is to ^ ascribed' to a wani 

to Qbtam ^pIMI* imrfh^^.teioQ 

Yott have rejoiced ; y<m have 
exulted ; ' yoa hare • chuckled 
and griDOcd, when you have 
aeen your coantrynieD dragged 
off to Jails for most laudably ex- 
ertiag their talents tbroagfathe 
of the fifets. , As a dis* 
Isr yov bas e n es s and 
criMty: as it were to drown the 
ctialdBg' of year own chains, 
yoa haVe aflbcted to beliere 
^biU these soferers/ these mar- 
tyrBio the 'caose oftrath,ju5- 

wkl(ed/ setiitiow, W|»pl»fai|oqB^ 
agitators* who bad views of 
Advantage to thetnselves ao<f of 
hvlnty t»]foa. ' Wbkf^adraiita^e^ 
«>^M1 .tfaci}9.d*nvt jbm their 
Mtb^ps I; Had ^ik^u actiiail'. 
ed by selfish motives, they 
mig'ht easily hav^ pocketed your 
hattk^Ust Ib^ p^i«^'d#tifetr'siteflc6r 
or as t|M»^ fMH^^t^f ^IMir «tidei|^ 
vpipi to Hpi^,yoa eYerlastingly 
i^nthialled.^ These victims 
ouglii to be ITic object o( every 
b^ii4toh;nt itmVta;; on yodf part i 
>o£' ycMKi loire j ; lyartilio^ ' aad 
gF«^ft?:^kJi|iAf)ad x^ JU^ 
they have bpen objects of 
yonr tiilected contempt in sohic 
itfMailccs, ^Ai»d hi etery in- 
stance', •f mm, lai^auiy. Smb 
men need not care for 
yoii: *ncdd dMk notliing witli 
regard to what becomes of you. 
Never were such men objects of 
your generosity ; never were 
they npheld or eoeoitragcd l)y 
yon vaMi lei what will happen ^ 
to yon, never oagbt you to be 
objecis Qf their eon^passioDw You 
have oarled yourselves up at the 
vety best, in selish imaginary 
security. While the scourge 
has Jbeen unsparingly laid upon 
the zealous lovers of their coun- 
try you have in the best in- 
stances of your conduct dra\\ni 

V Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

311 to TttB JtfAbLH Ola^s. 

yi»iirtehret 'into your »beM^ and 
bave not utterecl even a Iprord 
of comfort to the suflf rers ; and, 
therefom, w^a the seaMni of 
your solRnrinp shall amve, I 
truBt that no man^ who has been 
a victim of the syf tern, will be 
80 iiO}iist aS'lobAiitow ft tboogbt 
of oo mmtosla tion on yoo; 

Agtiin, 1 say the system is 
jonr own« and that to yon and 
the rest of its supporters its al« 
timate consequences inay be 
confined; and thai those con« 
seqnenoes may be nnmitteated 
by any of the victims, is the sin- 
«e£e and fervent prayor of 



• Is ' in th6 piress. It wtU M- 
published at nine o'ctoek 09 
Monday momiof .-^Tbe vr9r]| 
is touch ntore cxtenrive HhhI 
was imagined.— The itsnlf ft 
enortrnm^.— It will be in the 
fomfhkt form, and not on ai| 
wptm sheet, as was iniMdfdjw 
Hie pfice vrill b« Tic^-peMe,^ 
The Compilers flatter them- 
selves that they haye perfomi^ 
a worlcof naiversal i»lo ri Ps t'*aa< 
ntility.—^ltiey have dediciiied H 
to the Queen; and they hope 
that it will be gractoudly ron 

Wii. OOBBETT- ' eeived by her BAgeMy. 

^Digitized byCjOOQlC 


ACGtiT 19, Iftsd. 



., . .TO tHE KjlJfO. 

Swrji^After the onpatalleled 
tod 'iini>t^6k^ p*?fir^cbtfoii 
^^iSi^AiriAg' ft'arert«(s 6f years, 
tatt been earned on agtihiSt- me 
tfiifcr the rtairi^ attd antfrbJity 
ofydar Maje«y; atwf lirMch pe/- 
fiecottoii, fostead of beiifg iiroll' 
Med Iby tlHae; time liaS tend'eted, 
onhr Ak^ aW more ihatfgnai^t 
jW mirtWD«Ag', it i« hoi! ^ith- 
<«t il great sacrirfofe df prfVate 
feeliiigrtljkt I no^, eT*n 'in tTid 
#ay of retooiiaifraBce, bring' mV- 
sjf fc addi^'tfiis' letter io y6uV 
™|^ty. But, Bearir/giA'nilria 

A feense of whnt b dfto tp iny * 
chacftcter ^d slx forbiA* flic to 
refer minutely to ttie real catises ' 
of our domestic separation, or to 
the Humorous uumenled insulb 
offered me prevbmly to tliai 

teriod; but, Tefiviiig' iu Vntir 
[ajestv to rec^ndJt} wj*h' tW 
toarria£;e vow the net or dri ving,^ 
by ^nch means, ja wife from he- 
n6aili your roof, with an infaM* 
in her arms, yotir Majefitv wiaj 

pefra;t me to remiud you* flmij 
that net was 6iitrrclv your o\vii - 
that the separation! so far trowi ^ 
;beino^ ^ow^hi tor by me, Was n ' 
sentence i»roiioiinc^d itfTc^n me. * 
'iW^thMil any amsb mi^li-ue^xj^* 
<^ther tha^J tl»al of ydur own m-* 
ennaUom, >vliJch, as youv iul** 
jestySvas pU^^ed to Qtfe;^^, %vi re 
not ixnde^ yo\it control. ' 

u .,. .. s, ^^^ **^ '^^X<J f^K with j-ciraiif * 

ences that riiay r'f ;to mysclC cl%rf ^ at tli|/decf- , 
le fjres^nt untonsfi*:Ision of your ftfajfesty^ woi^Ur' 

tjwt Wyrfty rests on'M*6' fea^V 
cfpoMit'god*; tlattd'thf^^ri^i' 
rtmottaf.cobddei'alion rfl'^Jtheri 
<wgW fo Stfbtoit; att*aWaii6'6f 

lfkt^«i. 't"l"^t. — ^^ — ^"'V "^"'** I wiiosefiifnre sorrow^ wore tritiu'. 
S^i^ii\*^ ^op^, that the: :bi?t t^oo e..y t.v lore.^^. m'.u^ 
bJ l^a"?- 5 yotirMajesty may, have i«arfeed mo as utlW^rthi 0/ 
.^^'^'f^^lPl <^«^?rtors, -be [the name of mollii^r : but/no( 
sGIl disposed to refrtse io the 

drffl^(jf a^rfdtiftil,faitHfut arid 
injUr^ ;Wre, you may be in- 
<^!«»<J,t4>/ipTd to eortsiderdtfons 
coiilW^uJa Wife' the honbdr apd 
^gJ}ij(liif^t citmrf;%e ' sti- 
mWofmirtitdtie/iliie tran- 

^^^'Jf^nV' 46Si\ti\oixs', the 

Mt aria royal' t)ebf)le; whose 
^i?6efoWmki'f/ ffevdfr it op'. 

— .but, _, 
to have sabmltted (o it wttJiouf 
repining would have indieal^/cl 
a coiificionaneiis of demerit, or a 
want of thoH' (eelin^^s winch'' 
belongs to aftrotitud nUd insiiUed 
^femaW honfifcir. 

I .T* he IntnLinfl apd qbm!;f>rt- [ 
Tsloie society*' tendered to me iJy ' 
^our i^Iiije^ty 'formed, in my 
^ipd, J>ul u poor ci)m|>en!^tlon 
fOi*'^nfi grief ocoasiont:'d by con- 
rideri^^ the woun^ ^iver* . lo,' 
pittillc morals in tlic f;d,'d cva,rn- ' 
pie proiUitod \w thp iiidiit-eiicf 
of your Rfajesfy's ' indinationi. V 


Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Letter from the Quebm to tiie KfN€r. 


more esneciaUy when I con- 
templated the disappointment 
of the nation, who had so mu- 
nificently proTidecl for giir union, 
who had fondly clierished such 
pleasing: hopes of happiness aris- 
ing* from that union, and who 
liad hailed it wifh such affec- 
tionate and rapturous joy. 

But, alas! even tranquillity 
and comfort were too much for 
me to enjoy. From the very 
threshold ofyourMiyesty's man- 
sion the motfier of your child 
was pursued by spies, conspira- 
Jors, and traitors, employed, en- 
cmiTBgedp and rewarded to lay 
snares for tJie feet, and to plot 
ii|faii]£t the reputation and life, 
of her whom your Majesty had 
fto recently and so solemnly vow- 
ed to lionour, to love, and to 

In withdrawing- from the em- 
braces of my parenlfj, in i^ivingr 
my hand to the son of Geoff^ife 
the Third and the heir-apparent 
to the Briti?^h throde, notliing 
leas tl»an ft voice from Heaven 
would have made me fear injus^ 
lice or wrong of any kind — 
Whfet^ iheUp was my aslonish- 
ment at findmi^r that treasons 
against me had been carried on 
and matured, perjuries a^uiust 
me had been niethodized and 
embodied, a fiecrel tribinial Ijad 
been Iield, a trial of my nclions 
bad taken place, and a decision 
had been made 4ipon those ac- 
tions, without my having* been 
iirformed of the .natpre of the 
charge, of of the names of the 
\vitnesses ?. And what Svords can 
express the feelino^ excited by 
the fact, that this proceeding* 
was founded on a reqjoest made, 
and on evidence Rirnished, by 

order of the &ther of my.diM, 
and my naioral aa well m }^^§^ 
guardian and protector I ^ 

Notwithstanding, tfchjvever^ 
the unprecedented eonduci of 
that tribunal ; conduct whicH 
has since Undergone^ even io 
Parliament,, severe and unan- 
swered finimadversions, and 
which baa been also cendurea in 
the minutes of the Privy Council ; 
notwithstanding tlie secrecy of 
the . proceedings of tbia ^ibtw 
nal; notwithstanduig the strong; 
temptation to the giving of false 
evidence against n^ l^fore it ; 
notwithstanding that there was 
no opportunity afforded mo oT 
rebutting that evidence ; not- 
withstanding all these cireum- 
stances, so decidedly favoiuabie 
to my enemies, even this secret 
tribunal acquitted meofap^crimor 
and thereby pronounced my prin- 
cipal accusers to have been sniliy 
of the grossest perjury. But. it 
was now (after the trial was 
over^ discovered, that (he nature 
of trie tribunal was snch as to 
tender false swearing before it 
not legally criminal T And tbnsy 
at the suggestion and request of 
your Majesty, had been created,, 
to take cognizance of and try my 
Conduct, a tribunal competent to 
administer oaths, competent to 
examuie witnesses oo oath, com« 
petent to try, competent'to ac- 
quit or condeipn, and competent, 
moreover, to screen those who 
had sworn falsely against mo 
from skiflDering the pains and pe- 
nalties which the law awaids to 
wilful snd corrupt perjury. Great 
as my indignation naturallv must ' 
have been at this shameful eva- 
sion of law and justice,, that in- 
dignation was lost in pity for him 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


AtG*§f ro, rwe: 


who cofitdk lover bis priticdji 
fHiimes to tfie diu$t by giring^ bis^ 
countenance and favconr to the; 
most' eonspiouous of thoc*e ahan* 
doned and notorious perjurers; 
Still there was one whoaie 
upright miBd nothing could 
warp, in whose breast lofa^tice 
BOYet found a place, whose 
band was always ready to raise 
the onfortanate, and to rescue 
the oppressed* While that g'ood 
and gracious father and Sove- 
reign remained in the exercise 
of his royal (Unctions, bis nn- 
oH^nding* daug^hter-in-taw had 
nothing to fear. As long- as the 
j^tectingc band of your late 
ever-beloved and ever-lamented 
ftither was held over me, 1 was 
safe. But^ the melancholy cveii4 
which deprived the nation of 
the active exertions oC it^ vir- 
ttioua King, bereft me of friend 
and prolector, and of all hope 
•f Mure tranquillity and safety. 
To calumniate your innocent 
ymio was now the shortest road 
lo royal (kvoiu*; and to betrays 
lierwa^to lay the sore fbun- 
Ration of boundless riches and 
titles of luHiour. Dd^re dai ms 
Kke these, talent, virtue, long 
aervicet, your own personal 
friendships, your royal engage- 
neats, fMromises, and pledges, 
written as well as verbal, tint- 
ed into air. Your cabinet wa5 
foanded on this basisv You took 
to your councils men, of whose 
|ienons, as well as. whose prin- 
ciples, ^-on had invariablv ex- 
pressed the strongest df&ltke. 
"llie interest of the nation, add 
even your own feeHngs, in all 
other respects, were sacrificed 
to the gratification of your dc- 
sice to aggravate my sttfTecing^, 

and to etisnn^ my humiliatiotir. 
You took to- your coonciUr tmA 
voMr bosoiti men* whom yon 
Katecf, whose abandonment of, 
and whose readiness to sacriico 
me were their only merits, an4 
whose power has been cxer^ 
cised in a nianner, and lias beeit 
attended with consequences; < 
worthy of Its off g f ft . From this 
nnprinciplied and nim^tuml umott 
have sprang the manilbid' etiW 
which this nation has now to 
endure, and which present a 
mass* of misery and of degrada-^ 
tion, accompanied with acts of 
tyranny and crudty, father than 
have seen which inflicted on* 
his ifuiastrions,' ^HhM, and* 
brave- people, yotu^royaf (ktber 
would^ have perisheq at tho 
head of that people. 

WHen to cahimniate, nrf'\\t, 
and betrav me, became the sure* 
path to honour and rtcbes, it 
would hiive been strange indeed 
if calumniators, revilers, and 
traitors had nor abounded. Your 
Court became much less a sceAo 
of polished manner^ and refined' 
ioteroourse than of low intri^e' 
arid scurrility. Spies, Baccha- 
nalian tale-bearers^, md fouf 
conspirators, swarmed in those 
palaces which had before been: 
the reeort of sobriety, virtue, 
and honour. To enumerate- all 
the various privalkms a«id mor- 
tifications which I l*d to. en- 
dure,' all the inanlta thnt were 
wantonly heaped upon me, Utem 
the day of your deration to the* 
Regency to that of my departure 
for the Continent, vvould be to 
describe every species of per- 
sonal offence that can bo offered 
to, and evefy pain 5«hort of 
boditv violence that can "bt \k- 

Digitized by VjOOQ-IC 

:BiO LeTTKR FROlf THE (^f«SN Tp THE Kh«G. jK^ 

dieted on, ar»y hiimio beuig, B%- 
reft of parent, brother, and fatht^* 
|^"law, and having my liusband 
for my dfladlie^t foe; s€ei(ig 
those who have promised f^ 
iupport bought by riiwards 
io be amon^^t my ^neml^^ ; ra- 
Sti^ained from accusing' my foas 
10 the face of tho world, out pf 
it'ga^d for the cbaiacter of the 
father of my child, aod from f^ 
deiire to prevent her happifie39 
from being disturbed ; shun nod 
from motives of isellishne^ by 
tthose who were my natural as- 
lociates; living in obscurity, 
white 1 onght to have been tlie 
eontre of atl that was &plendi4; 
thu£ hutnbiedi I had one conso- 
lation left ; the love of my dear 
^nd oijly child* To pcrrnii me 
to enjoy this was too great axi 
mdulgence. To see my daugh- 
ter \ to fold her in my arms ; U> 
mingle my tears with hers ^ \q 
neceive her cheering' caresge^ 
and to bear from hei lip& a^sur* 
ancef of nev^r-ce^^iPig )oye; 
thpa .to b,e comforted, Qo^soJied, 
ifpheld^ ^fiji . bleased,. was too. 
iBUch to. be fiUow<^(l ^^* f^von 
on the flaTo aiart the ccips of 
'< O^ ! my mother, tnj mother ! 
Oh t my child, my child 1" h^ve. 
prevented' a separatioa ef the 
victima of avarice* But your, 
advi^rs, more inhuu^an thaa 
the slaTe^deaier^^jrepnoc^^leasly 
tore the mothfr from the ohild. 

Xhua bereft of the sooiety of 
nff €t\\ds or reduced to 
eeaaity of imbitleriog' her life by 
struggles to preserve that socie- 
ty « I resolved OB temporary] ab- 
sence,' in the hope that:. time 
night restore me to her in hap- 
pier days. Those days, alas I 
wete. never to comn. To mo- 

ttiers^ and theto moteis wiie 
have been suddenly bereft of 
the bei^t.and most affectionate 
and oi^y danghtars, it belong 
to estimate my sufferings and 
my wrongs. $u^h mothers w ill 
judge of my eQiction upon heart- 
ing of the death of my child^ 
and upon my calling to recol- 
lection the Jast look, the last 
words, and #M the affecting cir^ 
cumstaoces of our separation. 
Such ntothers will see the depth 
of my s^^TYows. Every being 
with a heart of hliniaBity in it& 
bosom will drop a tear of sym-« 
pathy with me. And will bo| 
the world, then, learn with in-i^ 
digqatioi}, that this event, caU 
cuWtqd to soften the hardest 
heart, wa^ the signal for new 
eon^piracies, and indefatigable 
efforts fo? the destruction of this 
afflicted mother 1 Your M^ieaty 
had torn my child from me ; you 
had deprived me of the power 
of being at hand to succour her ; 
you badtaiten from me the pos* 
sibility pf bearing of her last 
prayers Vor her mother ; you 
saw me bereft^ forlorn, and 
broKen-hearted ; and this, waa 
the moment yeu chose for re* 
(doubling your persecutions. 

Let the: world pass its judg- 
ment oil the constitttUng of a 
commission, in a foieign coun- 
try, consisting of inquisitors, 
spies, and informers, to discover,- 
collect, and arrange matters of 
accMsatien against your wile, 
without any .complaint havilig^ 
been communicated to her : let^ 
the world judge of the eiiploy- 
ment lOf ambassadors in suoh a 
business, and of the enlisting of 
foreign courts m the enterprise : 
but on tho measures wh^fa bftve 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


August i9, li^. 


4o these |lrelimiiiarj prooeoed- 
in^ it is for itie lb ^peak-; it is 
(or me to remonstrate with ^ou^ 
Majesty ; it is for me to protest ; 
it is for me to apprize yon' of 
my determination. 

I have always demfandod A 
fair Prial. This is what I now 
demand, and thiii is refused tne. 
instead of a fkir triaf, 1 am to 
be siil»jected to a sentences by 
4he Parliament, passed in the 
shape Of a law. A^inst this I 
fMTOtest, and upon the fdllowing' 
g^unds: — 

Theitijustice of reftisirtg-ine a 
eleiftr and distinct charge, of rc- 
fosing-me the names of the wit- 
nesses, of refesing me the names 
of the places where the illegul 
acts haye been committed ; these 
ore snfii<^eBtiy flagrant and Ve 
volting* ; but it is af ainst tfcer eon 
9^fd&n of the Court it^etfihtiii 
1 parfienlftrly object, and against 
that I most solemnly protest. 

Wfiatever may be the prece 
ijenlft as to Bills of Pains and 
I^enalties, non6 of theito; except 
those relisting to the" Queen of 
Henry the- Eighth, 'dan ^ppiy 
here; fffr here yoiit Majeity is 
Hie ffcrinltf. Here it^ls in- 
tended by the QilP to do wliat 
yoi^de^fn gead to jroit, and to 
M me grvat harm. Yoti are, 
therefore, a party, *aM the only 
complaining party. ^ * 

You^haTe made yotfr* com- 
print to <he House oT Lord^. 
You have conveyed tb this 
House written doinnments'sesiled 
tip. A secret committed of the 
Hbitoe have ^aifrirredtheie db- 
enmetit^. Tliey have refpprted 
that there ai^ grttoldi of prd- 
eeeding; AB^theDH Hie Hou$fe, 

tfietelyupon i\At teifati, hlH^ 
brought forward a BIH contain* - 
ing the most outrageons slander^ 
on me, and sentencing' me id 
divorce and degradation. 

The injustice of putting fortfk 
this Bill' to thi6 wpiW fcr 8& 
weeks befbre it is ^ven proposed 
to ufford me ait bf^portunity of 
contfadic^iig' its allegations il 
too manifest not tb hlive shocked 
the nation ; and, indeed, th'^ 
pro6et^ings evert thus far ftii^ 
such ts to conviti<ie eveiy on^ 
that no justice is intended mei 
But if'none of these proceedings, 
if none of these clear ii:rdications 
of a detefmitiation to do mi 
wrong' had taken place, I should 
^e', in the constitution of thfe 
Hbuse of Lo^s itself, a certainty 
that i could expect no justice at 
its hands. 

^' Your Majesty's mmislers have 
adriHcd this prosecutfon ; they 
ire responsible for the advice 
they give ; they are liable to fu- 
nishmfmt if they fail to make • 
good their charges; and not only 
are they part of my judges ^ but 
\i is they who have brought in 
Uie Dill ; and it is too notorious 
l!iat tfjey have always a incga- 
fit^ in the House; so that, 
without any other, here is ample 
^roof that the House will decide 
in favottr of the Bill, and^ of 
course, ri^atmt ni^. 
' But, ftirther, there are rea- 
sons for 3fonr ministeTS ha\in|: a 
majoHty in this Cfise, and which 
TCDiions do not ^pply to common 
pases. Your Majesty is the 
)[jlainriff: to you it belonj's to 
appoint and to elevate Peer^, 
Many <^f the preECiit Peers lia%'e 
been raised to that dignity by 
"your^eir, and alniost the whole 

Digitized by CjOOQ iC 


Lrrm TROM thv ^Qitekn to the King. 


9^Q .be, at, ycHir will ^ndplea* 
sure, fUrliier elevated. The far 

frieater number of the Peers 
old, hy tlieni^rhcs and i\w}T ?h' 
mlWf^, oRiccs, pensions, and 
«thercmoliimtj*tii, sok-lyat the 
will and pleasure of ^'Our Ala- 
jesty, and the^Cj of course, your 
Af^ei^ty can take awny vvhon- 
B ver y u ^It^as^e . Th e re are m ore 
thmi fuar-Ji/thf of the Peets in 
this situaliof), liiid tlierti sire 
nifiny of ihetn who niig'ht thus 
be depruTii of \ha far better 
part of their incomes. 

If, contrary to all expectntkin, 
there should be fotuid, in some 
pt^tjf^, Ukc;Iy to amount to a lua- 

i'ority , a di^po^Ll'.on to w}vci the 
111 J, some of thesie peer^ may 
hj& ordered away to their ^hipa, 
j-eg-imentj, governments, and 
other diuic^s ; and, \v>ijch is 
AD equally alarming power, new 
peers may be created for the 
purpose, and ^he their vote in 
the decbion. That your Ma- 
jesty s minbtens would advise 
lhe«e nieasures, if found necei- 
aafy to render their prosecution 
iiiccej»sful« there cmi be yery 
little doubt; seeiii;^ that they 
tiavo hitherto *»topped at no- 
thifig, however unjusit or odious. 
To reg^urd sikU a body as a 
Coprt iif JuistKe would be to 
caliuuniate Ihut aacred name; 
and for ino to snpprei.^ an ex- 
pres^ioti of my opinion on the 
ikubjoct would be tacitly to lend 
in}^elf to my own destruction, 
as well as to an import ti on upon 
the nation and the world. 

In the Houae of Commons I 

can di&cover no better grounds 

^ ofseetirity« The power of your 

,Klaji'&ty*s MinbterR is the same 

In bothjlouaies; and your Ma- 

jesty is well acquainted with the 
fact, that a majoiily of this 
House i$ composed .of perkona 
placed in it by the Peers and by 
your Majesty's Treasury. 

It really gives me pain to 
state these things to your Ma- 
jesty ; and, if it gives your Ma- 
jesty pain, 1 beg that it may be 
observed, and remembered, tltat 
the statement has been forced 
from me. 1 must eilber pro- 
test against this mode of trial, 
or, by tacitly consenting to it, 
suffer my honour to be sacrificed. 
No innocence can secure the 
accused if the Judges and Jurors 
be chosen by the accuser; and 
if i were tacitly to submit to a 
tribunal of this description, 1 
should be instrumental in my 
own dishonour. 

On these grounds i protest 
against this species of trial. I 
demand a trial in a Court where 
the Jurors are taken impartially 
from amongst the people, and 
where tl)e proceedings are open 
and fair. Such a trial 1 court, 
and to no other will I v^-iliingly 
submit. If your Majesty per- 
severe in the present proceed- 
ing,! shall,«venin the Houses of 
Parliament, face my accusers; 
but I shall reg^ard any decision 
they may make against me as 
not in the smallest degree ro- 
decting on my honour; and I 
will not, except compelled by 
actuat force, submit to any sen- 
tence which shall not be pro- 
nounced by a Court of Justice* 

I have now frankly laid be- 
fore your Majesty a statement 
of my wrongs, and a declara- 
tion of my views and intentions. 
You have castuponmeeveryslur 
to SifbJLch the fomale character is 

DigitizBd by CjOOQiC 


August 19, 1820. 


liable. lostcad of loving, ho- 
nouring, and cherishing me, 
agreeably to ^our solemn vow, 
yoa have pursued me tvith hatred 
and scorn, and with all the 
means of destruction. You 
wrested from me my chHd, and 
with her my only comfort and 
consolation. Yon sent me sor- 
rowing' throug'h the world, and 
even in my sorrows pursued me 
with nnrelentingf persecution. 
Hann^ left me nothing* bi^t my 
Innocenco, you would now, by a 
mockery of justice, deprive me 
even of the reputation of pos- 
sessing* thM* The poisone^ 
bowl and the poniard are means 
more manly than perjured wit- 
nesses apd partial tribunals; and 
they arii less cruel, inasn^tich as' 
lile is less vtduable than hoiioun 
If my. lifs would have satisfied 
your Majesty ^ you should have 
had it on the ko\e condition of 
giving me a place in the same 
tomb with my child: but, since 
you would send me dishonoured 
to the grave, I will, resist the 
attempt with all the means that 
it shall please God t6 give me. ' 

(Signed) CAROLINE, R. 
BnnMl«ib«rgii4ioiise« Aiif . 7, 18)10. 

CFrcm the Tim^s.J 

Siv, — In your paper of' Tuesday last 
TOO hare Uic following' remark npoif a 
fiasMgd ia her Majesty's Letter to the 
]i]li|^...»' When bereft, forlorn, and 
broken-hearted by the ()eath of her 
only cUild, tliU was the moment, as her 
Majenty declares, *• whieh wait chosen 
for rodoubUng the peraccutioits «gaiiuit 
Jier.* We dare only ^^P^ ^^^^ ll^>* is 
not a fact ; for, if it were, there never 
yet lived a lanrna^e eontainin; in it 
words of reprooatioD strong enongk 
Itratreatmoat «o inhuman.* ^-r-NuHie- 
roQs facts« io the loagjcatalof ue of dis- 
fractflUl oporaticrns abroad^ mifj^^i be 

dted to prove the correctness of (he 
stmtemeat oC her Majefty as to this 
point ; but what do wo want more thea 
this-4hat, in the superscription anJke 
coffin nfher child, which contained the 
names of the ttliistrioas persons from 
whom she had descended, the iiameq^ 
Aer mother wof omiUcd ! What stab 
more cruel than this was ever given to 
a bother's heart ? I^t the n&op1e of 
England say what her feellngimuflt 
have been when she, in mimBgllM 
EiigUsh pipers, saw this proof of tbo 
obduracy and malice of her enemies 2 
I am. Sit, 
V(>ur mo^t obedient .scirvnrit^ 

31, W, 

(I'rom the Sesr Timer, qf Tuetdag, 

It iy with the most painful 
feL^liii;^s that wo have to notice 
the Letter to which tlie Qucen*i 
nunie has been iifflxed, aod 
tvhieh WHS jciiterdav publislied^ 
as it w&ru ortlciaUy/iti the Jotir- 
nul devoted to the Wonst pur- 
poses of her .Majesty's wOf^t pd- 

' Persons of all parties |iaVe 
done us the jiistk-e to admit thiil 
whenerpr wo have had dcc^sidit 
to 8peak of hur Majc^itj's per- 
sonal conduct, we have most 
sttrdiously yrCAcrved the re^puct 
due to 'heir exalted station , and 
the caridbar which prohrbhs all 
prejndh:atibu of Iter gm\i of in- 

Bat we cannot remain iftcilt 
when o(h& vernoTfa employ her 
as a tool of treason. We cannot 
see the torcfi Jirfepared' to set 
fire to the four corners of the 
metropolis, and not cry abtid to 
every man of property, of re- 
spectability, of integrity, to take 
warning-. We are compelled 
for the information of oar vcttdcfH 
to lay befbre them the Le^tt^t' 
in qnestiop. Her Majesty, t^e 
doubt not, has bepn proVailed 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


On TJHp;QVfGK\j('f^TT^R- 


po ,t^ san9tioJa it by her, p^in^^ 
i^niit )i woiwl ^^ foUy lio auppose 
i'or a moment that she <3id or 
coiiFd TrfJte it. It n<either i^ her 
^|o^ Ojarp^jQ itci^tfiin herseo-'* 
i^inenta ; for they. ore* the senti- 
*fients of a deadl;^ enemy to tBe 
Hoyje of Briinswijqk'the 
English. Cpn^tHu;tioji. AYha^ihe 
^vtrii^r is can only l>e master of 
'^riiedttire. l^he/naiii^ ot Coli>- 
beu'lias beeii,iT\cp^ibried ;' and| 
cer^aiftly Uibi ^somf^ositioA be- 
4ra>^ all llie malJ^niiv ml il»at 
writer against Uie csULlishud 
f&Yfs and instihittoQ^ of the king- 
llom. Perh^jps a niorc clasrical 
jf^eu may have here and therj^ 
ijolfijhtjd off the. vulgarity of tlj^ 
author of the Twopenny Jiegis- 
ter f but upoti the wllqle, w^f 
know no pewn so likely as he, 
to l:\ave ^iven at least, the sketch 
of ti^$ most detestable Letter. 
*'1t' is addressed ostensibly to 
Jh^ Kin^^.but reallj to the i^ub. 
1^ .'ii;^!©, oBject b to rou^c tlw? 
jjiiibid action ; a& they have re- 
cently heeti acting at Palptmoj, 
p'ntl as ThisUevyood JUiennt then? 
lo have acted in Lpndon. L^t 
us npver forget the djjflara- 
tion/of that Iraitor^th^t he 
i^Qpid tQ Bev tht} Skoij8 qf Londtm 
shiii upt mid those Aristocrats^ 
^e Sjl^ojpkeeper^.weU plufidered. 
This IS the liope of the writer of 
^he letter. This is the effect 
^hieb his labours are calcnlated 
"to produce, if ttie middle class- 0;f 
pf^ople pLTsist in blinding tbem- 
^hcai to the real nature of the 
juipendlng danger. 

The Qaeen is either innocent 
pr g^uiiiy. If she be innocent, it 
Is utterly impossibles thai her 
innocence can have a better pro- 
jteetioE tliau that which will b^ 

aflbr4pd in it by two succes^iv^ 
investigatioijis hy the Jwo Houses 
of the JRriiish Parliament. Put 
the. writer, of the lettjQr maizes 
hejj- act as a guilty person, re- 
viling and detyipg" the-^overeip^u, 
ancl the Leg^islature, .hutofferin^ 
not one syllable 91 ai^umept t9> 
r< ni(^ - e t|ie suspicions which no- 
tori- i lis pi^qxnas^ces have at- 
tached 19 he^ 'conduct. W^ say, 
till li rortj, JJiat the oh^c^of thp 
yi aoboti.havf V^Vq lo j|i^ 

tii> t^'^ Uufie^ ;q iibe sftgititps^ 
deg^ree, , Ij^ mup^i J^aye^been to 
excite tl{9 mpb otpoih^onip re- 
sistanci^against the laws i^nd tb^ 
Leg^slajt^u-ft,, The ttW? praise* 
the opmjposi^jon, as ; calculated 
to.'roMsp. evefy. . (^pnerous and 
manly ippraj ^eejliijig,'^; ^e s^;^ U 
was calcuji^^e4 to rou^e ^iw(,t>wj, 
and nothiijg. jetse. n bat ! is \t 
generpiis and'ijjianly to lelf^.th^ 
whole Peerage (yfBJngrlanid th.8i^ 
'fio Jius,tic^ is to hie expe^te^ at 
tljeir Mw^s,?. ,1ttife..iSj su^pose^ 
to. be said top, by a persoi^^ who 
'm the ss^me breach .cp)»plams of 
'/ Pj\^T^^Q]xp slanders/' Whe- 
ther ^io ^ueen.has or lias not 
b^en stiipaered we shall cer- 
tainly IchOw a littte better when 
the evidence' has beeh examine^ 
than we. do now. If she has 
been so,^ vTja fervently hope that 
her charap^er may be effectually 
cleared; but at all clients,, the 
Letter writer outcageously^alaiir 
ders the inost august' assembly 
in the^ kingdom ; ar^l he mani- 
festiy.does this to ;briog them 
intafaatred and contempt among 
the people, to crelate popular 
discontent and disatf^ctiou ; in 
sboct to bring about .a revolu- 
tion, and make London a'Scene 
of pillage kpd bloodshed. ' 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


^PQP^r is, l«IO. 


irat^SAmatHe iiieruicc is hi^^M gut. 

rej^r^c^ to ibt; Bill of Tauis 
axid P#l»%llle# Dtiw It'erally aad 

Pft^Ji^Hl^Hf., '' 1 will not, except 
copij^lled by actual ibrcc, ^|i6- 
mit to »p/ Jsfiitoiic<> which shali 
?ol be.pjff^auuced.)>^,H Caiirl of 
Ja&iic(^^''-^aiid sigaiu, ** Since 
yqu w^yl4 so»d me di^hQuynrtd 
to wy grave, I will rf^*W tbc 
^Ot^mpt yfi^h i^l Ih mmm tliat 
it jst^i pl^^&e Go^ to give aie," 

^>Wi "^^^^y »^^t hetitata to say, 
W^JbfiJl^'^^w a doctrine dearly 
t^eafimld>\t\ The Que^ti is a 
^bj^qf^ -l^vgl i$ aji wmch boy nil, 
83 any 0t|er subject ta jii«///iiW 
to the.|f|^n» wliich may be im^^d 
ky.t}^ V^islature^ and Hba has 
as little riglit ti$ any oth^r. aub- 
>^ tp. fa^7>f those laws. Bv 
t^.QoQftUtutbn of Engjai^, i 
Bill c^ Palm and Feaaltics i^ m 
Diucb.wUhio the compett^ncy ot 
thel,egi«lutur9 as any other bwv 
and to resist it i^ m cnniinal as 
to resist any other bm% The 
Qmeu might a^ woU say that 
tf^ will resist the Bill of lli^hu, 
or tjie Act 9f ;SelU9«ienJ, m tlmt 
she^wUl r€^ut the Bill of Puifis 
%o<^ Ppmdtfiefi, JQ t^o it Khali 
lift pa^»^d, We repeat, that 
tbc^g-jlj these seditious mml trea- 
sonably doctrines are avowed in 
tfee letter bearing L^r IVIajcsty 's 
])ai|)e,i9re4o not attribute them to 
hw,, f^ w^i>elieve that fche can- 
notev^vpoinpreheniitbom : but 
iier signature has in all proba- 
bility been surroplitioysjy oh* 
tained to thijs document for pur- 
ftoses totallv foreign to h<^v IVfa- 
J#^J:'?i wahes. The public, 

however, will be on their gruard 
a^ii*st the pro:^ecntioo of pur- 
poses &o diabolical i and since 
thrtiats of popular tnujiilt are ^o 
distinctly bold out, we trust that 
every loyal man wiJl be pre- 
pared to eat down thelusuriac- 
tion i\\e moment lli^ att«n]pj4^. 

fFrom fhe CanrierJ 

The Qtteeu*s Letter, says her 

partisans, lia:: prod need a ^eat 
effect. It certainly has— but it 
is one which she and her inflam- 
matory counsellors did not an- 

We know not wliether the 
blindness and violence of her 
advocates wore capable of re- 
c^ivin^ any addition even from 
ihls libel "j but we are satisfied 
froJu the alarm of all the pro- 
dent, the disgust of all the vir- 
tuousj the indignation of all the 
loyaU have been excited in a 
powerful degree by that shame- 
less publication-ra publication, 
as shameless hs its authors, aud 
a^ shameless as its object. 

I( aifects to be %vriHen by the 
Queer? — It is notoriously not 
written by her. The cant oE 
nnjlcrnalfeiiings with wfuchit 
is (i I ltd J are the cool surges- , 
I JO ns o f a h imd p cum fi n . 'Hie 
tear,^ it talks of were never 
shed, but in the libeller's ink. 
The iender /tidings of the ft- 
mat^hmri which it describes, 
are the florid inventjons of a 
big'-vvig;^ed rhetorician. In 
short, it is, although the Queen 
has written ber name at the 
bottom of it, an impudent fa- 
hricatmn mid fraud / and it is 
at once haiicroas and dis^ustin^^ 
to fancy Iwj grave dotiors^ 

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Os TRE QcjrtN'8 Letter. 


who, Bft Shakspeare sayR of Car- moved from her itifloence to 
dinal Campoitis, '* never had aUave her morals and character. 

child," Ittving: their wigg-cd 
heuds to«relher, to describe the 
throes of a mother's attiictions, 
and live niceties of female de- 
licacy. But let us leave the 
"woman's tears" of Doctor 
Parr, and the " iojainme sig^hs" 
of Doctor lleyjiolds, and turn 
to other topics of this letter 
of much gTL^uler importance. 

The Queen is made to recur 
to the fttrrnvr {nvestigationit — 
fatal advice ! On the part of the 
public, it hud been announced, 
that her Jate conduct onlt/ 
should be examined ; in mercy 
to her, in mercy to public de- 
cency, it was resolved to draw 
a ve[l over all her former lifew 
But tlie Dociors now tear oflT 
that veil — they insist upon re- 
vivingr all those discussions ; — 
they drag the guardians of the 
public, interests and honour 
back into a contest which the 
latter had, in pify, and in 
diaritij, abandoned. 

We know not wliat the eflfect 
of this amazing cFiallenge may 
be — we know not how far for- 
bearance may be pushed ; but 
we know what might, and 
wliat, ill tttrictjuHticc^ since she 
doman<ls it, ought to be done. 
Her whole life ought to be re- 
examined — ^it ouglit to be shown 

This is the effect which the 
zealous Doctors did not foresee 
•—They think that the frtenda of 
tlie Crown are to be strictly 
confined to one point of time* 
and one kind of charge ; while 
Ihetj may fly round every point 
of the compass, and through all 
portions of time, and may en- 
deavour to btiUy their antago* 
nists, who, as they suppose, 
cannot step ottt of the narrow- 
circle Of the famHy of Bergami. 
For ourselves, it is not lor us ta 
^y whether this defiande ought, 
with a view to public morals, to 
be accepted or not. It is 
enough for us to show Ihat It 
has been made, and to have 
given a slight sketch of the con- 
sequences which might justly 
follow it. 

One other observation We 
cannot help making; the letter 
of the Doctors abuses, in the 
ginossest terms, the Commission 
which condncted the /brmer iu- 
vestigation-^-ft liheh the wK- 
iiesses on that investigation, and 
involves tljo whole proceeding 
in one sweeping accusation of 
falsehood and illegality; and 
yet it is of a svppo^d acquitttU 
by this very Commission that 
tlie Queen is made to boast so 
loudly. We beg pardon for 

that, x;har^cd with a thousand | nUemptin^ to call to Doctor 
offences, sho never WHS acquitted,' Parr's recollection his forgotten 
but of one — that all the impu-' logic; but he, surely, as well as 
tations, save that one, which I all mankind, must be aWare, 
have for a series of twenty years that if the witnessei were alt 

risen up in odious succession, 
were none of them eVer dis- 

perjured, and the evidence all 
garbled, and the tribunal all 

proved — that hrs late Majesty I corrupt and illegal, the acquittal 
publicly reprobated hcrconduct*^; ' pronounced, under such citcum-i 
and that her daughter was rc-ibluncea, cannot be worth iniich« 

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August 19, >8M. 



" Mat^am — Wliilst thousands 
mod tens of thousands of our tl-l- 
low-snbjeets are approaching^ 
"l^oiir Majesty with assvrances 
4>r homage and aiTection^ — whilst 
^Hkiresses even from the remoter 
parts of the kingpdom are laid 
at your feet— permit us, your 
Mbjesty^s nei^ibo«irs, as wives, 
%nd the miscresses of families, 
'4u and near the metropolis, to 
approach yo«. We are unac- 
customed to public acts, tindun- 
iaflneneed by party feelingrs; 
yet we eanoot be excluded from 
<4hfr'mgio your Majesty's notice 
<>ttr f»ympathy and devotion. 
<Bratefiit to the Constitution un- 
der which it is our happiness to 
live — aaved also by our rank in 
the middle classes of society, from 
ihe dangers attendant on high 
Tank or poverty, mnd proteetsed 

btit now, Madam^ tlie indi{>'na- 
tion we feel for the crnel treat- 
ment of \onr Majesty bursts 
every barrier between us, and 
we -hasten to express at your 
feet the warm, the almost over- 
whelming interest with which 
wo are inspired : and be assur- 
ed, Madam, our judgrments arc 
quite as much enlisted in youi* 
Majesty's service as our feelings: 
for, added to the dreadful 
charges against you, are not new 
crimes fbnnd out by your ene- 
mies 1 and new modes of judg- 
ing them, unknown alike to 
common law and common «ense ? 
Under these circumstances, 
scarcely less than a miracle, we 
think, can procinre your justifi- 
cation, refused a.' yoiur Majesty 
has been every means of fairly 
meeting the accusations against 
you. We commit your Majes- 
ty's cause to the integrity of 
your own great mind; to the 

by our husbands, we may hardly i zeal, to the honour, and the 
be supposed judges of all the j ability of yofur legal advisers, 
value of your Majesty's conduct; j who will have for tlieir reward 
bat, Madam« we admire your a nation's gratitude ; but, above 
magoanimity,and we adore that, all, to our all-seeing and mer- 
vomanly feeling virhich has ' ciful God-^to that God whom 
made yoor Majesty treat with i no one can prevent our address- 
contempt every Offer, the ten- ing, and teaching our children 
^iency of which was to compro* ; to address, in fervent prayers for 
4nise your honour, and we thank your protection. 
you fif^ H in the name of ouri '' And now> Madam, in sim- 
fiex. ' plicity of style, and sincerity of 

** Had your Majesty been heart, we beg to subscribe our- 
4reated with the respect due to selves 

yoor exalted rank, our hearts; '* Your Majesty's dutiful, af- 
wottld have throbbed with ar-j fectionate,- and loyal siib- 
dent interest in your cause, and 
with lov^ to your persoii ; and, 
leaving to our husbands and 


jects and servants." 

Her Majesty was graciously 

public erpresstonTf P^"^"^ ^ i*®^^'" ^^^ following 

feeliiig, we should have confined ^'^^wer : 

mum to oar donieiilk circles ; i " In this lionest and atTection- 

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Addrvmjss to the Q^ubbn. 


ate addiess frorti my female neigh- 
bours, who are wives and 
mothers of families in and near 
the metropolis, 1 gratefully ac- 
Itnowledge the sympathy which 
they express for my many sor- 
rows^ and the indignation which 
they feel for my unnumbered 
wrongs. The approbation of my 
own sex must bo ever dea^r to 
my heart ; and^t must be more 
particularly gratifying when it 
is the approl^tion of mothers of 
families in and near this eplight- 
ened metropolis. 

" When my honoui; is attack- 
ed, every loyal Englishwoman 
must feel it as an imputation 
upon her own. The virtues of 
sovereigns are not circumscribed 
in their influence or insulated in 
their operations. They put in 
motion a wide circle of the imir 
tative propensity in the ^ubordi^ 
nate conditions of life. Thu6 
the virtues of the gre^at become 
the property of the people ; 
and the people are interested m 
preserving them from slander- 
ous contamination. 

" The present procedure 
against me is like a wilful at- 
tempt on the part of blind 
phrenzy or improvident malice 
to destroy the moral cbi^racter 
of the monarchy. To les^n 
this moral character ifi public 
estimation is Bot merely to de- 
grade the Qiueen, but to sha^tter 
into atoms that reverential re- 
spect which gives' strength to 
the sceptre and dignity to the 

" 1 shall never sacrifice that 
honour which is the glory of a 
wi^man, and the brightestje^Jel 
of a Queen, for any earthly <«m- 
sideiTdtian. All fht po^ae^ns 

in the world would be pur- 
chased too dear if they were 
obtained at the price of self-con- 
demnatibn. 1 oan never be de- 
based While L otoerye the gre«t 
maxim of respecting myself. 

" In- this era of ceaseless 
•chasigey and of violent agilatioD, 
when whole oationsfieem tossed, 
like ifldiv-iduals, on the ocean of 
stofms, no oireumatanoes, how- 
ever nm\wugt BbAU shake the 
constancy of my ^tacbmeni ta 
the Enghah.natmi, or estrange 
jny affeetionft.' froa^ the general 
good of -the . eommunity. The 
fnture is wisely covered wilfa a» 
opaque doud; buit wbajtevmr 
may be my.destiny,. I wiU elke- 
rish in all vieissitvHiea, and pr^ 
serve in all fortunes^ that resig- 
nation to the Divine will, whii^, 
in propOEttoni as it beeomea an 
haUtual sentiment of the mind, 
improves all its rirtueSj and eleh 
Y«tes the general diaraoCer/' 


" hi this cordial, this iiriendJ^v 
address^ the inhabitants of 
Qreeowich have strongly exoitr- 
jsd my sympaAhies^r and intecest- 
ed my heart*. In tjbei most vivid 
•manner they have, recalled to 
my memory those times over 
which oblivbn will neter throw 
a veil. They have r^ninded 
me of those p^t days when I 
lived among them, vi^hen I visit- 
ed their lK»uses and traversed 
their fields ; when I partook of 
their soeial festivities, and wnb 
.united in their saered litoa^: 
wh(^n 1 wa^ rendered.hai^ by 
nunisteriiiif lo the w^tr of 

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AvoVftT 10, l&Kh 


soDte, and by adding' to the 
eomforts of others ; and, abdre 
ail, when my heart wM lifted 
la God in gratitude beeanse my 
ears were efaeered with the be- 
nedictions of the poor. This i^ 
liiat period which the kind 
hearted inhabitanta of Green- 
wich so powedblly recall to 
my recollection ; nor can 1 ever 
be nmnindfal that it was a period 
in which 1 conld behold that 
coonteoance which I ndver be- 
held withoat vivid delight, and 
to hear that voice which to my 
food ears was like mtlsie breath- 
ing over violets. Can I forget ? 
Dffo ; my sonl will never safler 
me to fM^t that, when the cold 
remains of this beloved object 
were depeeited in the temb, the 
msiSce of my persecntofis vsnould 
not soffer even the name of the 
mother to be inscribed upon the 
coffin of her child. Of all the 
imfiginties which I have experi- 
ence, this is one Which, minute 
as it may seem, lias affbcted me 
as alQch as att the r^st. Bot if 
i( were minute, it was not to 
ny agtmismg' sensibility. It was 
a'da^^ dhrected by nnrelent- 
iog nate> not to the snrftice, bat 
to the very centre of a tndthef'i^ 
heart If little dreumstances 
marie diameter, Xhm Which ? 
have mentioned wllf 4aot fail to 
fix a note of indelible idfemy 
opontbat Ibredbos petsecqtldn 
which has trouble my peace 
and imbittered my days.^' 


"The inhabitants of the bo- 
rough of Aylesbury fai^e my 

cordial thanks for this impressive 
testimony of theiralfeclionatere- 
gard. Whatever may have been 
the afflictions which I have 
been visHed by Providence^ f 
know my duty to Heaven too 
well to mnrmur at any of Its* 
dispensations. The sorrows that 
are scattered over the surfkce of 
human life are usuall v transient, 
though often recurnng'. They 
come and go— they depart and 
return, like the wind and the' 
rain ; but my sorrows have not 
been of this kind. They have 
not merely flitted ovfer my nerves 
in the shades of the evening, to 
disappear when the East red- 
dened with the dawn : they have 
been a long, a datk, an almost 
interminable night, which ma- 
lice, like that of a fiend, has 
thrown over my soffl for a quar- 
ter of a century. Bdt the peo- 
ple of England think that I have 
been sufficiently tortured by 
malignity, and saddened by woe. 
Their vivid sympathies and their 
glowing affections begin to dis- 
sipate the thick darkness that 
ccfreted my prospects, and to 
annouih^ ' the day-spring of 
a life rndre" serene, when my 
wh>ngs shall be, redressed/ and 
my pefsecotlons come to ah end.' 

"Those persons who could 
instigate or ndvise that the name 
of'fhe ^ieen sbouW, contrary ' 
to fell usage, be omitted fn our 
national- prayers, must have had 
their' hearts far from God. Such * 
an omfe^ori is at variance with 
that cfcarity, without which, all ' 
our adoration is mere mummery, 
and air our Hosannas only emp- * 
ly air. 

"The injustice of my enemies 
has been- so gtcat, and rirdeed' 

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Addrmses to the Qi^eex. 


80 moDstroas, thai the accoiuii 
of it will hereafter be numbered 
among the prodigries in the mo* 
ral history of man. It is tlie 
extremity of barbarism ia a& 
age of high civilization* Be- 
cause 1 have violated no law, a 
Bill of Pains and Penalties has. 
been introduced into the House 
of Lords to destroy me without 
law. Rut the people of Eng- 
land have not minds of inert 
day, or hearts of impenetrable 
stone. They know, they see. 
they feel my unparalleled wrongs. 
Every man, every woman, nay, 
every child, is alive to the sym- 
pathy they have inspired. Op- 
pression always sanctifies its 
object. I n this order of things the 
Almighty has written his decree 
against cruelty and iiijustice/' 


'• The worthy Mayor, BaililTs, 
Burgesses, and other inhab'tants 
of the town and neighbourhood 
of High Wycombe have a claim 
upon my gratitude, for this ho- 
nest demonstration of their af- 
fectionate regard. 1 read with 
a melancholy interest their un- 
affected expressions of condo- 
lence for the sad chasm which 
the death of so many dear re- 
latives has made in my domestic 
affinities. \Vith respect to some 
of these numerous losses. Time 
lias drawn his mitigating touch 
over tlie lacerated surface of my 
agonised breast: yet others have 
left a painful impression upon 
my memory which cannot be 
effaced while memory remains. 
But 1 bend with reverence, and 
1 submit with equanimity to the 
wibe decisions of thai UighesU 

Power, whose mttiX govern-' 
ment cannot be wanting in be- 
nevolent design, even- wherer 
that design is inscmtaMe lo the* 
hunian understanding, 

" After « long atoeaee flK^in* 
these realms, my return faas« 
seemed to my own feelings al^ 
most like tlie renovMion/ of the 
Spring. Whefever I have been,, 
whether in cities, towns, or 
villages, 1 have heard the trans^ 
porting sounds of popular ,ioy;. 
andiyi ev^ry countenance which- 
1 happen to- paat,^ 1 0101-' trace- 
a vivid expression of conplar 
oeticy^ and perceive an exbili* 
rating smile. This is that aweef ^ 
satisfaction which 1 woyld no^ 
exchange fpr any other grosser 
pleasure which life has to bestow.* 

" The love of mankind is the. 
noblest ^ambition of soveneigns^. 
The consciousness of it is ^ per«^ 
petnai feast. It is • secmrity in^ 
the day, andl repose during ttie 
night. It inspires a delight^ 
which never cloys, and it will be- 
a ray of comfort. in that parting 
hour, wjben the messenger of 
The Eternal reads a lesson of 
wisdom to tlie thoughtless, ancL 
teaches even Kings that they 
are but men I" 


" In my long ak^nee fronr 
England 1 had never forgotten 
that justice and hnmaoity - bad « 
no warmei' advocates, nor more 
steady friends, than the Free- 
nolders of Middlesex. Their pre* 
sent animated apd affectionate 
Address has impressed that con* 
viction more strongly upon my 
mind ; and my hean fcjoio^s »t 
receiving such & trilHite oV le* 

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A4{ot;8T 19, 1$*20* 


gitfd from men so <eolighie|ied» 
philantbropku $o generous, and 
patriots so pure. . \ -. 

" Tbc improved spirHot the 
a^, which is seen ia tbe iutel- 
leclual advaaoement of man 
throngrb all the gradaiions pf 
tbe social scheme, is particularly 
visibly 10 ibis metropolitan coun- 
ty. Here the dissemination of 
knowledge is found to have tlic 
most salutary effects. Here moral 
worth is most resplendent. Here 
beneficence most abounds. Here 
those sentiments and affections 
are most operative, that exclude 
intolerance from the mind, and 
give the most comprehensive 
charity to tlie heart. Hero li- 
berty finds its most impenetrable 
shield ; and tyranny has to con- 
tend with its most determined 

"My frank and unreserved 
disposition may, at times, have 
laid my conduct open to the 
misrepresentations of my ad- 
versaries. Conscious that my 
motives are pure, and my heart 
npright, I Imve never sought 
any refuge even from the in- 
furiated eye of malignity, in fhe 
coverts of duplicity, or in the 
obscurities of fraud, 1 am what 
I seem, and I seem^ wiiat 1 am. 
And, though calumny, aided by 
porjury, is now makmg its last 
desperate attack t-poo my cha- 
racter, yet I feel no fear except 
it be tbe fear that my character 
sboiUd not be suftciently inves- 
tigated. I challenge every in- 
quiry. I deprecate not the most 
vigilant scrutiny. 

"My life has been a life of 
trial. But what trial is there 
which 1 have yet undergone 
that has not elevated my cba: 

raeter, and humble^ that of my 
enemies? During a period of 
twenty-five years I have been, 
exposed to trie most persecuting 
inquisition. In private life vir- 
tMe is tho4ight to bloom like the 

Erjmrosc in the shade; but I 
ave^ been placed in circum- 
sitnncoft where temptation ope-^ 
rates with double force, and 
where vice assumes' the ' most 
fascinating lures; and yet what 
credible proof has yet been pw- 
duced that I Imve once erred 
from the path of innocence. 

" The Freeholder* of Middles- 
sex could not make uise of ex- 
pressions more gratifying Co? 
my pride, or more sacred to njy 
soul, than by telling W that I 
occupy in the affections of the 
people that place whicli the 
Princess Charlotte so emmenCly 
possessed^ It inspires me with 
a sort, of hallowed ecsitacy when 
I percoive how mucli and how 
tenderly this generous . nation 
still cherishes her venerated 

"The voice of the people, 
which has been so goDcrully ex- 
pressed in favour of niy inte- 
grity, has cheered file in the 
most, trying circumstances : and 
if 1 were to roacfh the fatal mo • 
mcnt of my expiratidu on the 
morrow, it woal4 still murmur 
pleasure in my eaj-s. , 

" AVhen the Freeholders * of 
Middlesex congratulate me upon 
having sucli fair associates as 
Truth and Justice in my traiu^ 
I must implore the Author of 
all good, that-as they have heen 
my solace in time past, they may 
remaii^ my inseparable com- 
panions through life, and , not 
forsake me in the tomb." 

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Addresses to THfe QueEn. 




" The dutiful and loyal Ad- 
dress of the Householder^ 
and Inhabitants of the ]Pa- 
rish of St. Leonard, Shore- 

" We, your Majesty's loyal 
-siihjects, the Householders and 
Inhabitants of the Parish of St. 
Leonard, Shoreditch, beg leave 
to approach your Majesty with 
our sincere and affectionate con- 
^fratulations on vocur accession 
to the dignity of ^ueen of these 
realms/ and to assure yon of 
our zealous attachment to your 
interests^ and of our profound 
respect for your exalted cha- 

" It cannot but occur to your 
Majesty that the peculiar and 
anxious situation in which your 
Majesty is placed leads us to 
approach your Royal presence 
- with tlie expression of our joy 
at your arrival, our sympathy in 
your afflictions, and our confi- 
dence in your ultimate triumph 
over your enemies, in the tri- 
timph of justice and of truth, 
over vice, irtdignity, venality, 
;and falsehood. 

'' ftcnsibtc of the lustre which 
virtue ^ivesj and which vjrtue 
eiil^ ciia give to Royalty, strong-. 
ly impressed with the import- 
ance of Itm example sfet by 
those who nv^ called on .to fill 
hli^h i^tations in society to thp 
preservation of tlie religious and 
moral character of the nation,' 
wc hail your Majesty's retlitn 
With joy, ooiivinced that your 
illustrious and dignified exam- 

ple of faithfrilriesjfe io your fnkr- 
riage vow, uader circumstanced 
the mo^t trying to the female 
heart, will strengthen the hiflu- 
ence of that honourable itistita- 
tlon, check ihe demotalizmg in- 
fluence of an oppcyteite example, 
and the consequent circulation 
of corrupt manners, and briYig 
the dispositions that are lovely 
in private Ufe into the service of 
the Commonwealth. 

" Our sympathy has, in com- 
mon with the great mass of our 
fellow subjects, been powerfully 
and painfully excited in your fa- 
vour by the unjust and crud 
persecution to which you are 
again subjected ; and oar minds 
have thus been naturally led to 
dwell on your sufferings ; and 
while we admire your humble 
resignation to the severest af- 
flictions of the Divine Will, we 
rejoice to see the lofty energies 
of your character as displayed in 
the high-minded resistance you 
have opposed to the 'r^incorous 
fatuity of your enemies. 

"We cannot view the un- 
constitutional mode of attack, 
adopted ' against ' your Majesty' 
withoiU feeling grieved that un- 
der circumstances calculated to 
excite the best feelings of liu- 
manity in your favour, ana lo, 
give a genei^ous imj>ulse to the* 
manly reelingis of your natitraf 
Protector, you shoula be. sub-" 
jected to a mode 6f' pifosecutibp' 
almost bidding c{edaivce to vin-. 
dication from the Va|fueriess of* 
the imputations, which^ while it 
enlists your accil^Vs liti thl^'ijlim- 
bier of your jddge^s, reflise^ yoa 
the means oT rcfutalloji, aricV 
founds your t'rfal upon tRe war-'', 
railt for your degiradatioti. 

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19, 1820. 


'' \f^\A\p Uiherto opoceiv^^ 

npA we fttili presume t)o. ibimk 

^.Ihftt tliepreparatbn tasentriKCS 

AbooVi ^UAWr^Kl not, precede, 

*ih0(itrii|l qC the ft<^Hf^,, Iq^be 

ioffUDce to which we refers, this 

principle ia inverted, and we see 

that tbe act foryonr deg^a4ition 

is the foundation of your trial ; 

(bat thai proceeding, which ne-» 

eessarily pre-supposes ^uilt, is 

4h8 .tet step towariisf ihquiry 

intokses»ten<ie. '• ' 

* ^ We hive beard of the bm^ 
nipoiepce of Ptadiitnient, bot we 
presume' to doubt Its ^wer to 
invert the principtes of justJc^, 
and to convince s^o'ci^ty in the 

ff»ent agre of the J>fOptie^ of 
probeediiig^. : 

" &^ aesnredv >Ia4ain^' ifiat 
^hue .your ei^mi«is ,ihus seek 
to biiid their victim/ that they 
jul^ secure itp sacrifice^ tl^y be- 
in^ t)ieir.<»Qsoousness. of their 
^WA. ve^kpess,. and of your 
itreng^ ibat in yoor absence 
the people, of Bngland have 
learnt from sad experience how 
to ^timate the reports of Se- 
et^t^Committees^ bow to appre- 
ciiitie Ibe contents of sealed bags, 
atfd ;are 'ieonvinced that every 
ote tUiCtioeth evil, hateth the 
1^^:Ua that 'be tli^t doetb 
tnttb^ odihetb to tbe K^b't, that 
H^ '9tei» may be made mani- 

-^Whije addressing yoji in 
yoiir .eonstUiitional charucier of 
ftiieeb of ^En^tand, we may be 
a%we4 to Md, that ii|rhen we 
CQotrast the present proceeding 
againisi tbe llrs^ subject of the 
realm, wiili the refusal of ^all 
iniioify into a .recent outrage 
itgainst the poorer subjects of 

.this bogdom;: wkeor wte Jiee 
..that neithei* tb0 oiKgBaiMflMiis 
and digifified beUnesa .ol^ar 
behaviour,- tbe eonviotioo^hixthe 
express^ ^f whieW yeur eoe- 
pities Mve.unbluffbiiigly j<MM, 
that.lbeir proceecUngs aiejiya- 
ripus to the best interests iailbe 
empire, can check w anomalets 
and unprh»eipM mod^.of. in- 
quiry in tbe one caso" tner the 
suppKeaUons of iiyored poverty 
procure it, bv tbe Ofiktmfivai 
constitntioiMiimodes,in thMitber 
^t induces the melancholy «hi- 
victioq^ that tbe love of justice, 
and the good of this-oowtry, 
are •not tbe objects wMdhanlla<r 
eiioe those wboae pMioeedings 
we lue new canvassuig. We 
seek not> JilJtfjBtrious ia^» to ob- 
^n from TOu,io your pfesMBiiii. 
tuation, the expressian ^f any 
sentiment foreign to the^l^jeet 
which leads qs to address yM. 
U is, however, but natui^ «»«• 
tQ .contrast the incoottsjbeiMieaiEif 
your persectitofs, when expiM- 
sii^ otur sympathy i» yMrsul^ 
fering^^-xour . r^ard for year 
interests-roqr aftetioi^ fiir.-«if 
Q^een. . • . , .. .' o 

'^ The people of England iiave 
be0h. aecus64 of raUyins^ .found 
your Majesty, and pr^edAclg 
the ciccumstaDces of your silua*- 
tion. We have beeoi tattfl^t^ 
Madam, until now, that to j^y 
round Maje§^^wat tbe ficst duty 
of subjects, aBd to levidenie ef 
leyaltty ; that it wait Q[ first piimp 
ciple ^f ju^tieoi . : a^ one eft 
which theadminvitratioaoCEDgv 
lish jp.rispriid^Qce; was fiiund^ 
to preserv^e tbe inoQceaee of tbe 
accused imtil guilt is prpjied.-f^' 
We adinire t^ p«iiv?ipl«; ^we 
act upou it in approaching your 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


ADbnE88£i to till: ^\iEtS, 


pres^ncd ; fttid beyond our jds- 
i«fH|iJ0, %friittdkJbi<4«MiJife 'Hifiit 

lUMh^'ymr ibtkie^ttHia^tr, theq 

. /Tjviij br-fh^ pt^periy of tiMh 
i«i».ecuib^d m%d;verMirt^8, «tid 
%ii^ JliMfiia^illtiiM^ >^ your e^^- 

.«Mf^^)e/^&eiUly iAidMe tb 

of oar hearts, t}iat yo^ majj ex-' 
^pose flieir ma^ttiations, and 
triaihpM over th^ir malted, a|id 
ttiat'we Aia^see'yoii reitoreitf <a 
«dl yoiir oaBstiUillmial jighlft^ 
and crowited Qutloiii of ^llrest» 


" XfaaitaQsefaol^Bs and inbth 
ll)itant8 oT St. LeonaKd» Shonn 
diteli, ii59 ^iPC^Ufsted tp ^ccept 
ly u^6^^^4 tbap^ for t^is ^f- 

^V;ric3 of peirs€iQUtiap4 by nyhicB 

MtM'Aiai 1M^jt»00rlif)e^ elimtifn 
wMM^ pimliasid' MftvAfesroii to 
fOwVriif^bl^; Mw^'dr base, to 
iMfie «llliito tite^^tioliM d^termi- 

ilMtlMMtltt nehe ttHtilrii capHat, 
HHOt: tdf«dj<M;t ^lie itit^ir^dM 
^UIdmMi<:o#( ao6ili4r v^^tiMf^ 
il^ovv«< to «% ydu osthnalj^ ^e 
fmopte ^'^Bkig^ikl as suplBnoi* 
to ^ wicked, so base a edHlp^#^ 

■* Bo fiasured, noble Ledy, 
tti4 tlt|> trtrong-cit and the best 
-vy riikpatliK^ of duf fialtim nre ex- 
cited fli yoLip fuvoijf , ynd i^nlist- 
^diti'^CKir ca«>e— that lh€>ug^h 
f^rbidd^^ to ^^u^rite your nuiif^ 
la ih^ public fofihs of rtlig-ioii, 
«re lilted not the fi&t of earthly 
majosty to autbork^ oiir appeal 
^ tliti common Pbr%nt of nmii^ 
ihat you have our prayers the 
m^m fervi^titly, btcaoW tht? 
^© c^ppQsed by yoiir enemies': 
•ndtMlit in the eirueH wibh 

IWfc4p«fart/t«boii-tht> grovel- r^^^ ^s^w4, tbo^igi 

'^ itbey have b?eo i^i\cpipssfuUy de.- 

Teated, hate becii if& con$t^i)y 
repewed. X^e present ati>>dous 
attack' npon my* moral character 
and npob my ro^^al dig^ntty/ Tsr 
designed by my enemies to pro^ 
dttce that catastrophe which is 
to terthkiato this d^ama of ini^ 
qtiity. ^ Bof the g6qd people of 
Btiglapdiire iplojVil'lin'g' tt^'se^ 
a n^w r^ig-n bpeo with a ira^ 
^edy: "" ^ r 

" T»m i^b,9ibijQntf of S^Xeo- 
liurd/ SboredK^Jj, y^'iy rem^ck^ 
fjiat the cbar^c^ ag^nstqip i^g 
"'* fJ3i4i^dipr ^ 

mctpr. Such V9g4p 'i^^r^l 
tics of acclimation are the copf'* 
n^on refoge. of ^land^r^ w\^eik 
H ^penSs wfthpiit evidence^ 
and ^mdeinns^ \vitm>Qt '^^roqfi 
In ih^ present instance, tlie 
ehars^e aeainst me Is so (ndeter- 
ttiiiiate^ tMiTtii' 'toor^ like an 
iii^i^iiAtio^ Into the ci^ndact 'pf a 
^^^Jb tife, thah into Qie trotti 
of any pariCictflar -alKgation. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Au||V«T I9, J8W. 


I'eiialtiies qyr ; ad v^i^ri^ft fias* 
cobd^n^n mc ^itb»iit proof*— 
|Qd ifa^n^ witti a Mort of »o«^} 
c^einqnt in lefgisl^Uv? Wfm», 
pmceed to inQ«fr^ ^h0tlH?t 
there fa ^^ pi^i to jwtify tbq 

^Qctfiiu^t^pn. X)i^:ttwtpie- 

tempt t^o colaHT thf i^sAice. by 
^' iopt erf jjkUciiil pi|f «!?, VrbicK 
thi^'agpe yirUi tievcr i^)pri9ve^ii»d 
vrbicti postc^rity wUl aWior. 
Jnsticc has |>ep.9 4ei^oiuiiR!^ted 
eveit-handed ; ^}\\ yfin^t ^bo^dd 
viB \)ii^\f of t}|%t ei»Mema«icf|l! 
fisriwe of jttcUfii^l purUy, in qoc 
of wlio^^h^Ddsthe (Lcotfapf had, 
pii|t iiot ojaljj ^ grofin t)iig oC 
peijury, bpt a y^Uow; h^g of 

ro THE «rt;qt^JiNi<;8,>Np 


y^&f0 an A affect baste addr^^s 
froBj the ^nduatrioui CtuiiE^e^ ifi 
hud abdtii the grout meUo^qlk 
o f t b ^^ real mii , 1 1 g ITo rd s ipif 
tl0^p(mkubio ^atb tact ion to find 
lijai this mi^bty (jiiy cau^iifl^ 
ri])TJa^d!» of aiicK p|^r&on?i, uu^^^ipiif' 
whpiji tljcrv isf' a Urg^ ^toct of 
trrluc and of hitelhgeirc^, ^xll^ 
eondole with my sorrows, and 
who kindle with indignation at 
nay wrongs. The industrious 
Classes have shewn that they 
atilt rettin that independence of 
mind which is inflexible to ex- 
ternal circumstances, and which 
was once the proud boast and 
characteristic property of every 
Englibhmaa-. Though the gan- 
grene of comiptioxi hjis en- 

gffideced a dehaMB); rcmdity 
lAd a fim^tBt^lMqaioitfii^si^ 
iff d^ached.poErtidns of the cobh 
fpimi4y» yet BlftUtfH atiU nk 
jUdim a largf fxnliM oi thqil 
hearl of oak wlneh &r aomanV 
9gQ) h^ madaits namegkriaiii^ 
aud ItfraAiMiJks hinghi- . - 

*' 'Sism IndaitrifHii CJaFsas q( 
ttiQ, nniipn i^n^itiit0 the vitit 
9»^fjg:fvi Ihes^to' In the gnt/L 
ft^ic of 4o«iQty thfii^ ana tlie 
4^n^tb( %t th9 baOnm winch 
^WP95^ Uie oiaam^ at the 

•' Th^! pi|Po4wrtii» fMrarera of 
thp ^^i4fy arei ila coal |]i6evveTi^ 
("V-OMtoft^'hat odi^aoanr^ /^i 
cop^impfion^ «aM>li^dl What 
eisf^ \fi it tbal imiilhpUBfl fctttifif 
cation of i|U kip^? To vba4 
else is affluence indebted for ita 
8plei;idour^ o;r. heaufy. for iyi de- 
corations t ^V' uere i^k is mea* 
snred by usefulness/ no reflect« 
ing miod^T^ say tiiak the In« 
-dualrioBB Classed pe^iopy tlia 
Imrest ^p intbe- aseeni oC bo^ 
nmnjrarble amfaitioja orestknabla 

- '* Thwm ha^^ been timeff, and 
perhaps those' tim^s «Bay slUt 
ha, wliiHi the haiiWari^ed br^ad 
of tliC long-i6iAing. poasani et 
mecbaaic is- TnsHHScsiait for bis 
QXm\BBXiM &Bnfy> Stii^n'^lie j»e^ 
Mf y of the dsof. has been u»ae<> 
ceeded by the inquietude of the 
night, and when night and day, 
and day and night, have been 
only a sad succession of pining 
wretchedness and hopeless woe. 
That order of things, which, in 
a large portion of the commu- 
nity, necessitates the acquisition 
of subsistence by the sweat of 
the brow, is the .institution of 
Providonce for the benefit ol 



kpoiiiitntH'WfHt *Queen. 

* mW; 'bi|iriRrfao does not^s^ 

dom of the'(Dcity, but to tlic 

-Intrdr-heartedDoss 'Of the '-^p- 

.^ressitv, when theswea* of tl^ 

hronm durmg^thcday-is follow^ 

dby llie tear of alfttctSon «t its 

close, wh^ithe labour of the 

^and oiiljr wlds'to^he mAiing^ o^ 

the. ketirt, atid what ought la 

^^ so Artie -of Joy U an a^gti^- 

^^atlQn4^^p|lt^^ty't Bat if the»e 

thiii^ hft«ie^ 'bee^, I may ])€t- 

diap&'beperaiitted io hope that 

they will be ere long: only im, 

the trowUed tbenery of a dream, 

and tb^tliappler tlmeisare ap* 

, ioreaohifig^ When ooAiHrierce will 

iov6Wd our rh^jw,^ tmde be- bu6y 

4n oar ttoeeta, artd industry 

jmiliog in our fields/' 

• Tft nrtE iNiui^rrAicrs of 


'' I •mts^fisibly unpHessed and 
deeply obliged by this alfection- 1 
ate aocfeess from the InhabilaMs 
of^iammenMrnth^ amongst wibom 
I have my present temporaty 
r«iideaee. I liave' always re- 
joiced in the Midtations ot 
neighbours And in the charities 
. V 1%e day on which the i^ 
mains ef tbe^Prhicess Chailolte 
weme commitled to ihe silent 


teml^ wis a day df deep sorrow 
K^ the nation. BMMf the natiea 
th?pt, it was not merrfy because 
youth and l^aty had wither^, 
and wit and elegance' had vm- 
' nished ill tfiS^ ^rnve. These 
wetfe eommon'^curri^neeis ; btit 
H is nM ti' common oiecdrrenia 
(osoeevety virtue' in a succ^ 
sbr to the; throirieV ahd, in t*c 
mirror of tttbsetirtues/lobcbotd 
the ' Kktidti enicrgihg' \i^m 
wretehedj|6ss, 'servitude, abd 
disgtace, «e fir^dom, to gldsv, 
and to happiness^ ^ 

" Allfiurape^has its*yes ffxed 
on the present pi^oicedore in the* 
H6uBe of Lords. I shall hat^e 
to appear at the- bar of tliit 
House ; but that' Ktouse iti^f 
will have to appear at the bir 
of public opinion throug^hout Ihe 
world ; . I ^i^U hav^ to defencT 
myself against their accusations ; 
but theywiiriiave to defend 
themselves against the re* * 
preaches of indivi^eal ^ojl- 
science, u well a$ the imparisS 
^endemimtion of the.age whi^ • 
flow is dnd of that wWcli 'js 
to come. *ro have been one of 
the Peers who, after accusii^ 
and condeiriliing, affected to sa 
in jo%inent on 9iieen Caroline^ 
w«M be li siur© pas8f>ort to the 
splendid notprie^ of everlastin^p 

: tuii 


Prirrtcrf by W. Bewdow, 909, Strand.-^Pilce 

' Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


V01..87.— No.6.] LONl>ON. SATURDAY. AuausTSd, l«K). iPrite,^. 






7%€ir Conduct rclalive io th$ 
Queen, and on other Matters 
in which (ke^ are deeply con- 

London^ 33d Au^uit, WflO. 

\You,Vho act so eoaspicuotu a 
part id all otftcr qiiesHoDs ofj 
great pobKc interest, have k^pt 
joursefti^ «lpse and sniig^ Q|u>it 
the present ocpasion, ivhile 

'^dor flocks- have been Qn€om«- ' 
tadaly active and z6aloii$. When 
Ihe late war was like to fing, 
who so eagrer to urge on the 
continuation'of it with vigobr a$ 
youf A sort of paoie seized 

"yon at every prospect of a 
sheathing of tjie sword. Itt 

^ 18i^ when the nation in gene- 
ral sighed ibc pett^e, yon came 
forward Vith addresses^ «rging 
a posfciBg on of the war with 

additional vigour. \Vho so for- 
ward as yon in obeying ihe in^ 
jurictions of Sidmouth i^aiVsi 
the press I And who so active 
in all the measures of 'hc^Vriitv 

agfaiust Oie Reformers ? 

... ". »• 

To what, then, are we to 

sscTfbe yotvr silence upon ' the 

present occasi6n ? Here,, is a 

Queen attacked, and yoor ^o^- 

alty is dormant. He^e it i^ x>ro- 

posed to. dissolve the marriage 

of a King and Oiieen by a mere 

act oC Parliuh^nt ',. and yo^ are ^ 


The Queen is not, eve^ 
accused o{ adv/Licryi^ aijd 'yet it 
ia p^>posed, . lb ptfl- her (iivait. 
Now, yott know well,, that Jtj* 
•us Christ (>osilivety fbi;bidii the 
pjtttting away of a wife <?n. any 
account oiher ttian that of her 
having Cbmnnttcd adultery. If 
we are to disregard his wof«t in 
this case, whjvt \i to indifee iis 
to attend to tbeQi ii^ any other 
case? It' the Queen be p7it 
away, or* attempted to be put 
away, upon any other than this 
one ground, and if jon <:ontinue 
silent on the snbject, wchat are 
we to think of the matter? We 
have seen you active enough on 

VfuxXedi and publiafced by W. BKNueiir^ '^OO, Siraiui. 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


To THE Clergy. 


•Iher occ^ions : wp have heard 
your pulpits resound with de- 
nuncia^iona af ainst the French 
and against the Reformers, nei- 
ther of whom pretended to at- 
tempt the violation of any pre- 
cept df the Gospel ; and, there- 
fore, if you continue silent now, 
what is the conclusion that we 
ought to draw? Your parishioners 
are, in every quarter, ^express- 
ing their attachment to the per- 
'iecutf ci Queen, and their abhor- 
rence of the conduct of the per- 
secutors ; but never has one of 
you been seen at the head, nor 
even at the heels, of any body 
of the people, engaged in so 
truly a relig[iou8 work.. One 
would think that this was, of all 
cases, a case to call for your in- 
terference; an4 yet you are silent 
as the tomb. . 

' Not aU of you, however, for 
one has dared openly to assail 
lier Majesty, and that, too, with 
a degree of malignity worthy a 
Dominican Monk* The Queen 
has been assailed by the editors 
pr the Morning Post, the Cou-* 
, rier, and by other hacks, noto- 
riously the tools of corruption. 
But it was reserved for the 
^ Church to send (^rth a champion 
of corruption in the shape of a 
pamphlet; and the county of 
Lancaster, which contains so 

many good men,, eonttdns this 
base and savage assailant ; this 
son of corruption and iiypocrisy, 
who pretends that the Queen 
was not acquitted in 1806, and 
who hfs tfaeaud^^ to say, 
that she ought now to be sei 
aside foi; the sake of the morals '^ 
of the eou^tiy f 

As these are, probably, the 
grounds that you all take, I 
will endeavour to placo tfaep in 
their true light. You do not 
ne§d this : you know how false 
these grounds are : but it may- 
be useful to shew their false- 
hood, in order that thW who 
may affect . to act upon them 
may be duly estimated ; that is 
to say, that they may be loaded 
with public execration* 

The Lancashire psursoo (who 
dates his infamous publicatioD 
from Manchester) affects to be- 
lieve that, although the Queen 
was acquitted of the charge of 
having had a child, she vfhsnpi 
acquitted of levity of conduct ^ 
that the four Lords found ber 
guilty of that ; that they ad- 
vised the late King to.remon* 
strate with her on the subjeol,. 
and to request that she would 
be more reserved in (Uture; and 
that the King did act in confor- 
mity with this advice. 

This is true ; but this reve- - 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


August W, 1«^. 


iJM ti^ finding guUty of leviiji 

itfp accused person ji%M not al- 
^wed lo (i|Bf #ar ; that ^hfi^x^i 
po moans afforded ^f robuttijpg 
the cM^ge; tbftt sbe.wM, in 
sborli leaver mad^ acquainted 
with ik^ «rotao(^ of the ifl" 
%$jkry, iptU o/l^. tbe inquiry 
w#a all, overj^ ajiid tb/» trit>«pal 
dissolved I , The raveirend re^ 
vil^^cbooses'lo forget^ thai .the 
noip«Bt Ms innofpent iifromw 
^f«rd^ Ifais cfiargf of i^'^^f 
abe rej^Ufd it; sl^e 4ee)«r?d it 
%> be faisej fibe ^VQi^, ta tbe 
Kii^^ cqinplaiAing Uiat jnsjtioe 
tnd iiqt been c|ooe li&r ; and ^ 
fMmdttig a /kU andfqfir inve^^ 
i%gati«n. She p^serlf^ that 
thoae wjbo l^d sworn If t^ 
ifiviiie^ were' as mieh pf ijpred 
#s thgfe wlto had .»W9tft to the 
€hild-4i«(mgr ' she asserted^ that 
the whol^ hjMl proceeded /ro» 
a loiil ^oOBSpiiaey against her ; 
aikl ahfr pledged horaelf lor 
jHOVe ihfjs, if she weve allowM 
. The King vrnfr advised pot JM> 
grwt ttM reqMst Thelm^lAYM 
for ^Hus vfeve, OB fcts:|Mirt, jMa^^ 
cttl eneugh.. ,Be kneiw, tibat 
s«ch infupiiy Wi^. optfute, )« 
ito r6sidA> inillv^M)dB( ^^ ^'ti'^^ 
who b$d hew the t'Mf votary 

q( tb^i proceeding ^ just then 
cjloaei. 1)^ <;onviEM^4b^ fri^it 
m^ tj^at As wj^ s^ed pfc ^ 
innocence. He leceived ht^r. at 
his court; *be fre^ently vij^t^ 
her bimselt;. andJie^p^y^i^^ 
on her. to Jet the matter T9^^ 
To tbis,^., in h^ ffi^^.g^HKU 
ness and generosity^ C9n8ei9tell.) 
but« she is now punished ^c 
that ^oodpes^ ^ gene/o^y -by 
the fou) accusations of men likp . 
this reverend slanderpr, 

, This foul-mouthed priest 
we^ld^h^To us believe, that the{ 
Queen received . a repr^'n^oiui 
from the laj^ King; that sh^ 
took it ip silence ; that she tpr, 
d% pleaded guili^ to the cha^«; 
of levitifaf ^onduet. B^t, ^b^^ 
fiict is^ jtbat she did pet rpc^iyic, 
the i^primfindi, she rej#cte4 it.V 
Ae repelled t^e charge; s^ 
$tM it' bad proceeded from tbf^ 
lips of perjured witnesses ;^a^d 
she, accordingly, reqjiet^ed jf^ 
full irweMUgalif^, t^^t .^she 
might piyve this, pi^ tbis. ar- 
gue gnik ? Did this afgue truths 
on tbesideofberaccuferS;? Sfae^^ 
s^, '' I . will not^ -receive this 
''reprimand: it is'^iiyust: youi; 
" Majesty has had the rcsuU of 
'Malsp witnesses laid before 
*' yott^ give me a (iiU apd fsip 
*' invcistjgatiop ; a^ I will prpv^' 
" these wretches to be per* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


3Fo THE Clergy. 


^ jnred/' In answer to this, the 
same |>etsons w^o hacl adTised 
the secret tribimal, advised, that 
she should not be heard before 
an open court; and tbey afso 
founds oat, that tlie tribunal, 
which thejl had before devised 
was of a tort^ that to awear 
felsely before it was not to cotn^ 
mit ferjury ! 

Upon what ground, then, does 
this malignant hypocrite ^ pre^ 
teiMl, that her Majesty was eon'^ 
. Ticted of levities in 1806! If, 
indeed, 'she had auhmitted to be 
reprimanded, it would have been 
another ihing; but she never 
did; and, there was no more 
ground for it than there was for 
sentencing her to death on the 
charge of adultery. The wit* 
nesses, who swore to the levities 
were, some of them, amongst 
those who swore to the child- 
bearing. A. fanny Lloyd was 
one of these. And, here we 
have an instance of the manner, 
in which the affair wals con- 
ducted. Zoreljfotra, now Mar- 
quis ot Hastings and Governor 
of India, acted a conspicu- 
ous pahrt in this affair. He had 
a hand in coUeeting evidence for 
the tribunal. Fanny Lloyd was 
brought, bysomemeansor other, 
to his house, and before him and 
Lowten, the attorney.. fF^o^l 

induced the 'ffaigh-niinded'Vno-^ 
Neman ; u^ho it va^' that pre^ 
vailed on him to act in thisca^ 
pacity (he being Master General 
of the Ordnance at the time) I 
know not. Well; Fanny was 
before these two personage; 
and, so bei^, Fanny s^pore, 
that, in.I80%, aa Apbtii«ca#y at 
Greenwieh, who used to attend 
at theJPriBcess's, totd ker, that 
he was sure, that the Princesr 
was With child. Olr, oh ! Here 
came in a I>oc<ar.^ The Doctor 
was sent for l^Loi^Moira^aM . 
the Doctor said, thai Fanny had 
sworn to a Ite," for, that, not' 
only had he never told 'Fanny 
any such a thing ; but that saA 
a thoi^i'ht had never come into 
his head! Thi» was strange/ 
But, the Doctor bad a fortnet j 
and it might have been Aa. No* 
better luck her^. So that Fanny'» 
evidence, as to this point, ve-^ 
mainedalte: a clear, sheer, un-* 
qnaliGed lie. Nev#ribeioBS (and 
BOW mark !) Fanny was sent 
before the Tribunal €ffter Aisl 
There^ Fanny* swore Mootly to 
the Isvities. But, that whieb 
Fanny had sworn aboiirt the 
Doctor and the -eUbMeoKng 
was suppressed. The DootorV 
me was nevw more - men^ 
tioned; luid, while the King^' 
had n ftiU account of what Fanny 

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AucrsT^c, 189a 


Imd sworn about ikB^lemtiee, 
hdJbad aa McoiMtl|(t«n of what 
tho iMd belord sworn to a^oirt 

ThMo.fiMslt^o«iiiepiit» in 1813; 

throng tho mouis of ^wiissions 

ia paiiiament. Mr. Whhbroad 

tbdn abowod how mr&ir was 

Uiotepfosentation, that IunI been 

-BHrio .tDr tlie.Khig^ fospeeliiiiip 

tinie levitiaa ; and, - aviongst 

•tber Umifty be ataledtUs iHat- 

tectelaiwg: to WuaoylAmjd and 

iheDootor. Lord Moira wrote 

a kttet to Mr. Wbitbread, ex- 

pllkting-'Mt edndacst ; bat; that 

lefler only >ffoved the fact: it 

6jii notbiog' at ail towards re-^ 

moviag^ th9 JBipressiens, iifhieh 

theiaetwte edfiolated to make« 

Famqr Lloyd's is n^refy a 

•pmmm of the evidenee, on 

wiiielii. thoehai^e of hvUg was 

fbaaded.' la the docmnente, 

hid befipie the King, ^Hs a de- 

ttil of tho etMenee; 6ot, the 

emHT^. only of the witnesses 

ureie given, and not the que9' 

Ama whf eh product those an* 

swen. h^d, alb the wodd 

knows how veqr dfflevent things 

sppaaria oonsoqaenc^ of tbe 

soppifission of qoestimtA For 

ioitanetf m the report of Mrs. 

Uiia's eridanee, there was tins : 

" thaFk&oeess walked oat alone, 

"tot moA time, in Lord Shef- 

field's garden with Mr. Ohes- 
"ter, who 4$ €i prelf^ y&ung 

imn/^ Sot, Mr. Whtlbread 
showed, that, in tet, Hbs. Lttle 
had meant no sneh insinoation 
as the one h^r^ eontaiiled^. Hav^ 
ing been ashed, whether the 
Prineess did laot walk out aloae 
with Mr. Chester, she sidd-^ ^ 
" Yes." Sfce was asked : " Mr. 
" Chester is h homda&me yfimng 
'^man, is he not?" To wtiich 
she^ answered, ** kt i» fiyl$y." 
This is very diibrent indeed 
(pom sa^ng, that the Prtnekss 
tiHdked out Kiiowe wtiku ft^fijf 
yoiMig man. And/in short, Mf& 
lifle, upon seeing an aodloiit of v_ 
her evideaoe}Mi6^k««l/ia 1^18', 
went to Mr. WUtbi^hd and loM 
him, that she never meaflsiJlo jex«- 
press the insinoatibn, conlaisied 
in the report of her eviclente; 
tcAd, wittch, report,! let it be oh- . 
served, she haS never seen, on* 
til THE BOOK was publishod 
in 1818. . 

This is a speeini^li,. and^a more 
specimen, of. 4he means by 
wbieh the late King , was ih*- 
doc<)d to send a reprimand to 
tbe Princess. This t«iprin&and, 
I repeat, she .neveir ireeetrerfjr 
thart is; she ne^^ ncfiUetitmt im 
it; she never allowed it to be 
just; she denied Uae foots ^oA 
which it was fo^n^ ; she said^ 

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. TO^THKCnitOT. 


'* llfii^ipd; five ilea filU-,ftiic^ 
Vli^rC^: U^m^ ke Aiwwrfriit 
o «tf dn/^n^^ I vinU..8bew all 

Thinfqtf #04 Uf UiA m^w^ 
filled;; #^ of lOMW^ fbd yma 

mHM»«Cilvn,^.li(4gruirii« to 

«^# to b# ntgarded n^-loCally 

* tb(^ At^fentnty Uwaiim and 
fhegffeeilM^flilP pvofii iiy^sofy 
fiiy^M^HhMe .^ditcowred in Ai 
^qgi^ftd M lh« cMld-duu^ A 

ftf.^es^i\W, in the lieOfiefaood 
of tbe jQMiligr ol the imty^ e 
JjMPf of the iali^fadod k)C the 
J«S«MM'ierf tlie . «fail4Uliu^ 
y^ Tfibiuifl];:B«y the ^map% 
if U4id nmongm teeidhig 1]))M 
the efairgei of hpUffi mho ^Md 
Mtnmg itt decidirif^ 6n the oh)ld- 

hed se pufieriio iear midmrni 
§t^ th^ odUr bHh. ItwBsimtfir'^ 
Mftfi thii^^aUogetboc^ h^igtiuid 
jury may aeqmt on ithe- €i{>iial 
cfaatge^ filHl a»a adftdMhai^e, 
and yet Me |MHly Mty be^«^ 
fvaMd of that chacg» too*^ on 
$nat, when he tf niaeir eomeft tc^ 
be hMM. . Bot, the Aaeen 
nemtrffiem Kemrd f\MMd'iimimm 
the eorer 6t those fem R m t i ; 
that itey iiwooHpmided tlt« 
Kin^ to riyrveianci th^PltaDeBt; 
Witfadathalifi%>heaidih6rhi hef 
defeoeer i^hieh is nieh MeiH 
the sane thsng^'aa ai^woiAd foe 
fora gland jhiy to reoanimilid 
the tmniahing ef ^n i^Meoied . 
I^y (apainat whoni')tbey^4Md 
fotad a bitt>:witimittetf^ tM 
paHy hanre a trials ^aJMl 'this, i 
soppeee, u what the '•eeefetid 
Manpheatlef ateMtoer m^M 
kmdkf. hare' lite 4ibpudMee to 
tM .jitttke, «Mpf ^ntikf e^m o/ 

rtiiUSe« IMb ii e veiy poor^ « R(MmL 

shift. What! is it an^ tlii% 
«m# ithen, fortneo te aeknow- 
Mge^tfaat oile Alie ^Mg« Ss 
-Use end to peitrist that atiother 
dHJte ckaigai is tiUef When the 
'1»«if: war hMten on his first 
tchaige ai^niiiftltte lamh, was he 
at Vtesatu ^flnd i^w^dl tt is 
-to *e supposed, ^flrtt the fbar 
^worthy Bs^ wered^cehred by 
'Oewvinetses* Ataey nrte,1hey 

Bnt/Ut'tikl ibok at Alls een- 
im60(f reprimand A Ctfle more 
doselyv * ' Sdppdse the fmt 
Peers had fMad . erldencc to 
^iq^rt Ihe charge of chHd 
bearing ;' that *Wofil(i Karo 
been ki^ %rttt9m 111 'theVrin- 
c^. "Bht; reverend Stts; will 
yon say, that, uponiherr malcin]^ 
fhelKii^ a report <3r this evi- 
dence, Wrtd TeconnnenAhig* to 


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August M, l8to; 

986 ' 

him %> cause the Priooess toiie 
bahe«4e4 and tBtrtared, tte 

llM^lMdy. weoatiiui } 4 do tot' 

oC^ttbbdlMittr T wpuki^ ilot lagr 
even Ihio V bal* will the-Hfttm^ 
yfitkims J>Mt «taa In «he ;wx>fkl 

lj0f^ idivifeNlJa fuel Upoa teiek a 
r^cemaiewtetiati f Andyet^ why 
uaM Wk^fW^^, »twg. ik^t he 
wi^j Hpon « *w|»ert of lihose 

«EMsedifte saiiee io be exsouM 
the ftmbbonHitt wC reimiiiand i 
Tbere i^ M ^kgombnt, by -which 
the lalierean he justified, that 
woiri$i ngi ha¥e >iiJiiifiad the for- 
mer:; if the sentence Qf pillory 
owDTbe iniieted xnpou -the rer 
dwiiBeiM&Btiteo(e.gTaDd jury, 
withoat sobgequent VM, se can 
Ok Anlcaioe df dbatti ; aad, be- 
oMte the! "paetthHieiit ef deiltb 
wenMbe^ei^, itbytfeikietns 
fiDBowl^/thii Hhe pofaisbnient of 
pilery weeid bevjfieM. 

we«&> two ohafges 
the Ptieotsfii before the 
ter^ Triboeal ia 1806: ene 
ml that of cbfld-beariagr ; the 
ottiBr that of levity of conduct. 
The first was of a very t^edfie 
natme. U reiM'<in ^kffs of sucb 
a cbscr^l^i' Aat its ta^ttth or 
UAood mint, at enee, /be jevi- 

dent to all eyes: It most be 
as elear' as tMe nooe day sob. 
Aim*, tberbfiore, to find ptiU 
here was impossible, uflless fte^ 
buldeoce bad folly be^ne oiiifte 
cbhxge; and to acqeil wa» 4)ii^ 
poasible stlse, imleitt Ihe evi^^ 
deDce had beeil i^leii^. Tbls ww 
ia cMt^ that raiiBt be'proved to 
be tvtfe> <^ false, at enee./ Bbt, 
a eh«rg^of Jevfty g^ve sd mtkth, 
room foropinioti, for es6mate/ 
for taste, in the judg^ ; andyor' 
^QiBour, for sinister motiVes^, for' 
libitigfs and disHkings, for wMni,^ 
tot many little Riovements of'the 
beatt^ so much depended upori 
triflhlg^ differences of expression^ 
Upon ' surmisesr, upon the eyes 
with which witnesses see, and' 
upon their* own at)t{tude o/ 
judging of others by theikiselTes ; 
in sbort, thi» wtw a charge, that 
might, with a jndidotij^ selection 
of witnesses, be sustained agaidst' 
any wtiman "that ever breathed,^ 
not excepting the holy sister- 
hoods that wear the veil and the- 
cowl. Tiiercfore, any body 
but a wretch fed with the lar- 
gesses ot Corruption can easily 
perceive, that, while the acquit- 
tal on the charge of child-bear- 
ing was jUst, the findings on the 
score ^ot lev ily might be. erro- 
neous; auy, ^hen wc see tije 
JPrittcojss tejcettng the repri- 

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To TH«; ChWBLffV. 


maiid, df m^irdii^ a fair trial, 
ao4 .refused that trial, we are 
oompall^dio believe, that jt was 

Beitides all this, the ftadiag 
guilty of levity waa not likdj 
to 4>e i|ttended .%ith ^n«e-. 
quence9 ff a serious nature. No 
e^efo%\^9 was liVely to follow^ 
if tbf Pdi^cess could he Atr«Aerf< 
She wat^i through the ^idvioe of; 
tho&e who afterwards abandoti 
ed <her cause, hushed and perse- 
cuted loo. Enough was dene 
to leave the ground of futin^ 
sfain ; but not enough to pi*o- inqulrj. The late 
king naturally wished to keep 
things quit % ; but, he would 
certainly have preferred ^ano- 
ther course^ if he^ could ha>ve 
foreseen, that forbearance on 
the jphTi of the Pdncess would 
have been the ground of future 
reproach and imputed giiilt. He 
never couM believe, that what, 
has come to pass would come 
to pass ; he never could believe, 
that, though he might be in the 
grave, 4l>ose who had sq strenu- 
ously espoused the oause of his 
kijured daughter-in-law woul^ 
evep in hb own life-time, make 
the taorifici^v of her the ladder 
of tbek own ambi«*ion, and the 
nMUPS of cramming their own 
pockets. The Queen is frank, 

^inceoe, and generous, it 4a 
Dootrary to he? natiire to be 
bttspictote. She wai, in 1806, 
witiboot experience, an4- by her 
wantofao^idoh^ihefeU into the 
snares of ber, pc^tepoded CHends. < 
Hod afae^ when the reprittiaD4. 
was conveyed to ber, aod.wheil 
a full atid fair invostigation was 
refused ; bad she ^empnili^ed 
the 900K, her enemies would 
hare been so compMely defeat- 
ed as tiever to dare toshei# their 
heads again. The BOOK was 
pieparol for publitatrrm; bnt 
the oditieii wae hwmt by Pbh- 
ctxxh w soon 08 he 'had again 
entered ' the 3iifusU^! It was - 
that grand ^intiigiie that gave 
him the power be possessed to 
the end oC his 4ifo, aUfoa&mia' 
chie:tk>us to Eogladd as 'that o€ 

Thus, then, for the benefit of 
the Cburch» I have eixposed the 
malignity of this nsverend re- 
viler as for as relates io what he 
calls the Queen's halving beeu^ 
found guilty on the charge of 
letity. Iict me next come to 
hb audacious asftertion, that alie 
ought 'to bo M4f aeide kat the 
sake of the mp'aU of tt^Of 
country. ^ 

A parson has geift|^Uy art 
excellent itMe, and can v smell 
dagger or difficulty much fartber 

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A-uovsT ^6, 18^0. 


ttuni rtMQfimon ihortals» This 
malig'naBt hypocrite suspects, 
thta -noZ-^etfle act can 'be 
bronirW -bfrme to the Queen. 
He has t;<nuied orer thie Bill of 
Paiii^ ' and Penalties ; and be 
can smell out/ that there is no 
difetft charge oX adultery con- 
tained In it. Therefore,' he is 

over, they called every one a 
Jflcoitn, who thought it wrong, 
that Mrs. Clarke should help to 
dispose of commissions in the 
army ; or that she should send 
her fooUboy from behind her 
chair to command a part of a 
regiment and bear a conunission. 
There was one parson, atWin- 

ibr providing* before ^hand a sort I ohester, who, repeating anx>b- 
^f itaienecesifity fordoing what serv^tion made by Burton in 

he stt^pclses will be done to the 
4tneeii. He is. fool as well as 
hypocfite. *that which he sup- 
poses will be done, will not be 
^ne; but no matter; he has, 
upon (tie supposition, been get- 
ting*^ a josiification ; and (his 
jttstiilration is, that the morals 
of the country require the Oueen 
to b^ " fmi asi4e :" how he does 
not seem to care any more than 
the sUve of the Morning Post, 
^ who was^ for making hef yield 
at all events, either as a crimu 
nai, br as a martyr ! 

tar seeing this'iiiiicommon soli* 
dUide in a parson to get rid of 
the Queen for the sake of our 
netals, w^ naturally call to mind 
the part which' the parsons took 
in the affair of Mrs. Clarke, 
13poii that occasion the^ Were 
all compassion for the frailties of 
the lady and of her friend. 
Tbey were aH indulgence ; and, 
-•• JaeAhi times were not then 

the House of Commons, apolo- 
gized for this step of Mrs.- 
Clarke, by asserting, that,thongh 
he boy was her menial servant, 
he was the natural child (alias 
bastard)^ of uvi Officer } which, 
in addition to its profligacy, was 
a falsehood! Be it 6bserved, 
too, that the mother Mdfathef 
of the lad were then li^ng at 
Woolwich, ^ 

Upon that occasion, though 
no one attempted to deny the 
(acts ; though proofs of all ^ortst 
came out even in the own hand 
writing of the parties; though 
the public were nauseated tvlth , 
the proofe ; upon thcU occasion 
the parsons were all indulgeyicet 
They were then in nd nlarni 
about the injury i6'in6ralsi 
and their pulpits resounded with 
censures on those who took any 
part in bringing^ to light atnd iri 
endeavouring to punish the ac-' 
Icused parties. We were then 

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told,, thai yfe iiad no tight to 
pry into such maltort ; that W9 

' Qiigbt to dfaw a veil «ver foibles 
and fmitties of the'kuiid; that 
yre were Jacqjuna and Rebels ; 
tliat we, throMgrh iho aides of 
IjieJ^uk^ofYork, attached the 
Homejof Sruuswiek! 

AifAl how changed the tone 
now ! The (acts were, in that 
caeOj, cfpen, flagrant, notorious, 

' nnd^. oar own noseig in the 
nMdst.of our dwoltings* And 
yet, wfaero wa3 the paraon then 
to cry xMit for an example to 
protect our morals? On the 
contrary, not oi^y did the reve- 
rend guides reprob^Q our com* 
plainta, b^ut some of them were 
6>nnd ^ have been itUimaJtes 

^ ^th Mr$. Gerke, a^d, what is 
more^ abtjects of her patrofuige I 
And, which really beats all that 
the worldever heardof,one D<^- 
tor of Oipinity obtained from 
Mrs. Clarke, through thQ ch^nel 
pf her illustrious frie^d^ ^^ Ao- 
^our of pr$(icihing btfore the 
J^ing! A £EimQUS selector of 
preachers for bis Majesty ! What 
pffiee, pr offices, the reverend 
divine bad performed in Mrs. 
Mary Anne Clarke's household, 
I never, b^rd ; but tjio billet- 
^OHX, iA- which her request of 
lu>npQriqg th^ reverend person 
was answj&re^» is. fresh in my 

rmemory,and hafRHuie me laugh 
,a thousand times. • 

The Clergy mado no inconsi^ 
derabl0 figure in the esqmur^ 
of that memofabia period*. A^ 
a pu^Uo roeet^lg at Wiocheateri^ 
the 0bje<st of wfcicb w|b tofm-» 
e%ire the doings, of Mpsl Clarkd 
and her immoral associates, the 
only persons to af^ae sntoh cen^ 
avre were portooe, who had thab- 
e9W>nter} to come boldly for- 
ward and tell ns, Qud wo had 
no right ip meddle wiUi suob 
matjtess ; that the Royal Family 
were sot to bo sat^ect to suefc 
scrutiny; that w« had to mind 
oior own aflkics; and that all 
those who caUod in cpostion the 
propriety of such.conduct as thai 
v^hich we condemned, wopq 
enemies to the House of Brunsr 
wick, Jacobim and Rebels. 

However, you^xever^nd $iia» 
of the p^resent day, may b^, per- 
haps, of a dWiocent w^y of thifekf 
ing. You mayboM aduUe^ in 
abhorrence^ andJipt onlyadul-^ 
tery, but ev^a len^it^, But^si^w 
pose, . for argfunent's sake, (aAd 
I use the supposiitiea iu no otije? 
way) that thiere has beeuwhi^ 
is called '' <ubiUer0u$i inter*' 
" course." How is itto a4e^t 
our morals^ It is not seen heret 
It is paeeed. It is not oerjtain- 
U ja neither proved ,n^ coofcsis** 

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AuortiaT 2a» 1SB&. 


#d ; but il is merely Mi(»rtecl on 
ona fsicle andindigwiQUy denied 
en tbe atber. If atfemptad to 
be pro ved, the pitef k attempted 
bj the Qovemment. If the 
tale h brottgfaC us, they lire the 
tak-betfers. If ire ^now any 
ikmg even of Uie ohacgfo, the 
fooodatton ef t)ie charge has 
been laid by tbe govemment^ 
and at the natioii^s ezpenoe* 
Bot the ngly part of th^ story is, 
that the Qaeen might.havp got 
ad of all trouble atedorce by re- 
cetvii^ MfidOl. a year and 
guUHngihe ktngdom, aftgf Ae 
duMfge had iem made! She 
might hafs gone, hoaolired 
with a rc^al yacktlbr a conrey-: 
saee, introduced as Queen of 
England at a fbseign court, and 
have a-prinoely kidome, paid by 
V, to spend wiAJier aUeged 
paramour f and, after some 
yesui passed in this, way, she 
S(i%M have retamed and been 
Hated <m the throne aa owr la»^ 
fdsavereign. This is the ugly 
part of the story ; and it proves 
ss dearas day^iight, that all the 
^!retenees about a regard for the 
safiou's morak are the offspring 
cf fte Tifestbypocrisy. 

Aimongst adl the persons 
whom her tfajesty is said to 
have had in lier suite, in' her 
coutidence, or in her household. 

we bear of no priesi. With me 
that would be astroagpnesump^ 
tion in her Atvour, iovea K i 
could dascQVier, in other drespeotii« 
grouads for doubt. She has 
kept dear of this description o€ 
persons. She is unpoJlnted with 
Hds peat ; and this is a shield of 
tenrfoU seauity. Xheee has 
hardly been a single instance of 
saMim», magtiifitent 4nrpiliide, 
in whidi a priest, of ime sort or 
another, hwk not had a hand. 
She has bad priests and iaw-> 
yers^and men nottorionsly unjust, 
and era^l for her esmmiea. Bhcf 
is haled by those, who hate a 
freedom and all merits Hmsa 
are strong MBommendatioai, tf 
she had' no ojtfaer; and,, as. to 
her niin being necessary to tfaa 
preservation- of our moiYri^, Jt is 
the aiesi base \preteacB^tbat«(vei: 
canu^ from thelips of hyf^^eriAkr 
Sleilder indeed is the right t* 
rdgn, if it depend on sieh/ a 
'doctrine! This doctrine would 
give a people a ri^^ht^toailqaitifli 
into tbe dim^ff of eveiy Queeis 
and overy Prinooss«.^it'wonlft 
give tbema right to refect si 
King as wall as a Qnefn.. It 
would give thein a right la ^e^^ 
throne one as well as the other, 
unless we were to ado()t the 
maxim of this profligate paiten; 
that, in tbe hisband, that is to 

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be overlooked, which is to be 
deemed criminal ia the wife ; a 
maxim in th^ teeth of reason, 1 a 
the leeth of justice, in the teeih 
of ihe Iaw> in the teeth of the 
soripiores, and in ihe teeth of 
that very prayer book, which 
this parson does read, or otigiit 
to read, every Sunday in the 

Thia pflrsbni^rowls most wolf- 
like a^ildnst the Radicals. It is 
vecy provoking^, to be silfe, that 
thegr shotttld be able to prove by 
their tondoct the tenth of what 
they /have always asserted in 
words ; thai they are the reoUj^ 
h^ pact of thcE king's sabjects. 
They endeavoar to protect the 
Queen, white they lutter hot a 
word * a^pQinst the Exng, Their 
enemies o^toc^ the Queen. This, 
at >nee, shows who«ve the loyal 
and who the disloyal. This 
must be very: provoking' to< our 
levikffs ; and it te as pleasing^ to 
us. Those revilers halve been 
no^v driven into a strange dilem- 
ma-; they must side with i& and 
tUeQnecto against herperscbu- 
tor^y-or they must side with 
those persecu toes, 'and bear a 
portkwioC ihe iiatrdd, whicli the 
beaHof man allots them. They 
hateidioten the lattery but, then, 
their yalfi is strewed with 
thorus. To miaintain, that a 

Queeri may be t«t amde for tW 
sake of the morale of the peo- 
ple^ is to open a fic^d of danger, 
to the cause of Royalty. For, : 
if a Queen can be deprived of 
het rights ; if she can be divest- 
ed of the protection which ihe 
law gives her beyond other wo- 
men, upon the ground, that the 
measure is required by the na- 
tional moro/ir, what security is^ 
there fbr a King .' He. may be 
an immorf.l man; or may be 
falsely accused of it, and. there 
can seldom be a pretence want- 
ing (or setting him aside. Now, 
no Radical has ever broached a 
doctrine like this ; and, the pre- 
tended loyal men have the. ex«r 
elusive honour jof the invention. 

Blackst^ne, in speaking of the. 
Revolution, says, that it wa^ 
tig^tt but, that it is impossibly 
to conceive the existence of ano* 
Our case when it would be right. 
Thorough-paced lawyer^ a^ he 
was, he did not say, that it 
might never be possible to £nd 
out a justification for a revolu- 
tion again ; hot, if he h^ livod 
'till now, be would have beei^ 
told, that to preserve the na«^ 
/iond{ morals might, at a^y time, 
be just cause for doing what he 
(bund it so very hampering ta 
recondle with law. 

If it be necessary to unqueei^ 

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Avdt^sr^6, 18-20. 


i qu^ed for the preservation of 
morals, why not unking a kin^ 
ymih the same object in view, if 
it should ever happen, that the 
kingj^9 example was calculatejl 
to injmne the morals of the peo- 
ple I So, really, this new doc^ 
trine is a complete oversetter of 
all oar notions of hereditary 
right and of the sqeredness of 
the king's person. 1 deny th€i 
iiocf rioe : I say its false : 1 say, 
that the king's right to reign is 
Bot to be taken away upon a 
charge of immorality : 1 say, 
that Tet a king be, in morals, 
what he may ; if we should Qver 
have a king, who was not only 
a bad add ^savage husband and 
father ; not only debauched and 
abandoned as to women ; ^ not 
only a contemner of the mar- 
riage-vow, a seducer of' other 
men^s wives, the reputed father 
of a whole litter of bastards, 
and, in short, who pursued his 
debaucheries till he became the 
sport of his mistresses .and their 
favourite paramours, till his em- 
braces became disgusting, en^ 
dared only fbr the pecuniary 
^vantage to be derived from 
them, and till all the nation was 
shocked with the odiousness and 
miteousness of his filthy and 
ludicrous amours; who was not 
only all (his^ but who was be- 

sides, empty, • vwWf oonceited,^ 
dnibkcn, faithless, eruel,- iand 
cowardly, and all these in th6 
extreme ; even if we were ever 
to have a kihg of tWsitorrid de«- 
scription, in whom shotild be 
met all the vices without one 
^single virtue ; if there were to 
meet in him passion without 
tenderness, vindictiveness with 
out gratitQde,greedine8$. without 
economy ; and, in short,' suppose 
what you will, if you can sup^ 
pose any thing worse than this, 
suppose ail the fooleries and 
faults of all the silliest of women 
joined to all the sins of all the 
wickedest of men <; suppose all 
this, and even then, I say^ tl;tft 
it would be high trea^ofi to- pro- 
pose to unking even such a king 
as this, upon the ground tliat his 
example would be injorio^w. t<^ 
the mora/« of thepeople* This 
is an extreme case, to be sure. 
It will be said, that I have 5«ip^ 
posed a monster jm that .than a 
man, and that I have, only te^ 
clap a tail to^ him to maka Jiiw a 
devil; but devil as.. he might 
be, still I si^,.that to propose t«» 
set him aside for the sake oC 
the morals pi the natkxn would 
be high treason. Wbiit woald: 
be to be done, then ?. Why, he 
must remain, to be sure, and 
the ^people must taLe^cans af 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To TiiE Clergv. 


' iheir 0^pn morals. But, if tbiu 
be the case vritb regard to a 
king, what groUndcan the par- 
con have for eDcbavour^ to 
persuade ys, ibat the natmial 
tmnrdiM ought .to be put forward 
as aausa Tor setting asideaqoeen ? 
Are a qaeen's morais every 
thing; and those of a king no- 
tlung ? Is her example of such 
yast ooDsequenoe, and his ex< 
ample of no consequence at all I 
is the example of the sovereign 
himself of no knporlanee to as 
' wUle the example of his con 
sort is of such tremendous im- 
portance f There is great de- 
light exhibited by those, who 
talk of the Queen ar a mdte ^ub- 
,;eel. The debauched crew seem 
to enjoy themselves in pullkig 
her Majesty down to the state 
oif M meresuiifect. She is some- 
thing more. It is high treamn 
to conspire against her li^^ and^ 
be8ides> she is one of the contin- 
gent daioHknto to the throne it- 
self. *^Bttt, if she be nothing 
more than a mere s^eei^ why 
m sueh a fum made about the 
moral evils of her suj^M>sed eiy-^ 
mnpUf Falsehood should al- 
ways have a good memoiy; 
but, the truth is, lalscdiood can* 
not long remain consistent: iC 
must conine itself to one point, 
or it is ««re to betray it> nature. ' 9i adultery* 

For the purpose of making her 
supposed example of impart* 
anoe^ the Qu^n is a great jaer^ 
nonage J but, lor the purpose of 
preparing the way for her de^ 
gradation, she is a. mere «ui- 
Jectl Such tricks oi^ly serv^. U{ 
show the badness of the cavv9e^ 
in which they are employed. > 
Suffer I9e now, reverend Sirs, 
to remind you, that theS<yiptum, 
says, that *' it is not lawful for 
*' a man to put away his wifo« 
*' ^ve only for adultery,'' Now^ 
then, . thQ Bill of P^ii^ and Pe*? 
nalties proposes to put the 
Queen away ; and, if it be noi 
proved, as 1 am sure it will aoI> 
that she has been guilty of adtfl* 
tery, will yoo approve of thia 
Bill ; and will you not peHiV^aa 
agosnat it ? But, indeed, the Bill 
does not accuse her of aduller^k 
And yet the reverend calumnia- 
tor of Itfanchesteir higbfy «|h 
proves of the Bill, and he bit- 
terly reproaches the pseople ben 
cause they do not approve of ii 
too. He calls upon the 6oble» 
the rich, and the strong '* 10 
" put on the whole armour cy( 
" the Lord of Hosts,'' and ta 
Jight those who are opposiod 4o 
this Bill ! Apd yet this BilLpco- 
poses to put away th^ Unci's 
wife withotit even accufiing ter. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


AtroDsT W^ ld«). 

" Thqt^ wbmr GtodlKtii joift- 
ed bg^ih^ftr, let not man put 
asunder/' , aays the parson's 
fraftT'ioQk; bat, the parson 
IS of a contrary optanon. Th^ 
j>ar8on is for potting' aw^y the 
Qnaen by tUe hands of n^n, 
tlKm^ he has miuiy time6 taken 
bis fee after forbidding' such an 
act in a voice the most solemn, 
la short, the attempt of this 
piirson is a most furious blow at 
derical sincerity. , 

It bu been a subject of as- 
tonishtnent with many, though 
not with tm, that . the clergy 
fihooM have discovered such a 
feeKngf, or, rather, such a warit 
of feeling-, in the cause of the 
Queen. But, men in general 
take things for what they ap- 
pear to be. There is a great 
deal in habit too. We are ac- 
customed to cobfound religion 
with those who profess to teach 
it; and we naturally wonder, 
that parsons should not be 
ftiendly 'towards the Queen, 
seeing that such friendship is 
eiUed for by every principle of 
refigfimi: Hie same may be said 
as to the question of reform. — 
We know, that a reform, though 
great in its poUHcal effects, 
woilia be stfll greater in its 
wof«rf effects. We know, that 
it woald iaAniiely lessen the 

i}Qanl»ty ^ bribery, ^petjiiry, 
lying, drunkenness, and, by re- 
moving much of tlie . poverty,' 
greatly, lessen) tM quantity of 
thievery, robbery, murder, and 
suicide. And, as ajl these things 
are directly in the teeth of reli- 
gion^ vire are quite MrpH^^^ 
that the clergyare amongst the 
most bitter enemiea, instead of 
bc^g the warnesi frIeiKU, of 

The mystery in both cases 
admits of the same soluAiotn. In 
our Hotk)H8 of clergymen, w^ 
sublimate and refine too much. 
We forget, th^ they eat and 

drink like other men. We, in 
short, forget their ten^ooralitieg, 
and this is a part of their con- ' 
cems which we ought ne vet- 
to foi^t. They have most com*- 
fortable^ livings. They do little, 
and have good cheer. It is na- 
tural, therefore, that they should 
have^p^eat hatred against any 
body, whose efforts tend to the. 
dmtwbing of this state of things. 
It is very certain, that sonre 
men 'must Undergo bodily la- 
bour. Without this the woi^ld 
could not go on. But, there is a 
desire in every man to live wfth- 
oulthis bodfly labour; to livB 
at ease, while others labour, 
and, of course, to live on that 
labour. So that the parsons 
are by no means singular in 
their taat0. They eii^oy a large 
pottion of the good things of 
this world : perhaps the choicest , 
poVtion of an. It is, therefore, 
very natural, ihkt they stieuld 

, Digitized by CjOOOIC 




Uislike any thipg.that migiit, 
evoD by possibility, expose- tiiem 
^ to the danger of loosing these* 
*good things. They ate bom 
with hearts tHofe other mtn ; but 
. habit givea^ their hearts qualities 
different from the general mass. 
They do pot apj)rove ^of the 
bribery, perjury, drunkenness, 
and lyinl: at elections^; or, at 
least, many of taem do not. 
But, i^hen they consider, that, 
without these, that System which 
insures to them ease a$%d plenty, 
could not exist, and that they, 
might not find the same security 
under a better sj'stem, they are 
very apt to console themselves 
with the observation, that **no- 
thing is perfect under tfie sun;" 
and that We must wait witli 
pafience fot perfaetibility in 
another \porUl. In. the mean 
while, when times become cri- 
tical, they become . alarmad; 
and,rtheydo from a feeling" of 
fear tihat which they wpuld not 
do from a less ppwetful motive. 
In the reformers they imagine 
they see the. besiegers of their 
tei^iporaUtijBS : they get f^ight- 
eited, next angry; &ey appeal 
to the sword ^stead ef ihe 
word: they fear ,tlie loss of 
If^lUes, and they ^y *ou^ blaS' 

This is the whole of th^ inys- 
tery. It is nonsense to talk about 
danger to moro^ from the . pre- 
sence of the Queen: but you, 
reverend Sirs, imagine, that her 
presence, and particularly her 
/rttifM/^, . would make a great 
siir, and you wish to keep all 
MiU and quiet as ihe, ^rave. 
You know, that she would bo 
popular, because it is impossible 
that one oppressed person should 

not excite a felfow feeling* \n 
those wh<>1iave been oppressed 
by the same hand. Being po- 
pular^ she would be, of course, 
a rallying^ pohit This was what 
Canning confessed he feared in 
181 4. He described her as af- 
fable, frank, gracious, and &s- 
cinating ; and therefore it wa^, 
as he confessed, thkt /le unshed 
her out of the, coujitry. Her 
sin, and her only sin, then, is 
her being here. This is evident 
from the endeavours made i»se 
of. to . get rid of her. If she* 
would have gone away, even 
after the Green. Bags had been 
laid upon the iahle, asid after 
Castlereaglr and Liverpool' had 
described their contents: if she 
would have gone away, she 
might have had^ a princely in- 
come,- a Royal Yacht to sail irn^ 
aiuimi^ht have beeii announc^ 
as Queen of England at a fo- 
reign court. There she might 
have lived with fd) the imp||to4 
crimes on her tiead, and in tli^ 
enjoyment of theni stiU, and 
might (laye enjoved them too at 
our eoppefi/ce^ l\o fear, on .the 
score of t7}(»ra(» was apprebea^- 
ed in this case. Tde ^rhole' <^ 
the Queen's sin, therefore, dear- 
ly is. her being in the countr^^ : 
1 have now^ reverend Shrs^ 
pointed out wjiatypur conduct 
towards the Queen has been, 
and have explained 'the true, 
cause of it. This is a time wbea 
men's conduct sh.ould be welt 
observed, and their motives as- 
certained. You were, just now, 
lying snugly out of <ighU I 
have brought you forth to th^- 
light, ^ \ 


Digitized by CjOO^ IC 

AN;-, r. ■ , ' ■' 

..•'■■,.'.""' ' ■ ' •••..:■■• 

lS^£m»l Of ipHE ATTORN 

1^ THE W5WIJE OF t«« iTNli-ittfl^^ /». 

tjse4 the speech Witji a S!nt^ii| 
(^eVire to come toV j*i*i{ cdiiVr# 
felon ; and, ttmt eolw^hisMIt %i, 
tliat the €^jarge& ar« ati fh.t^ ^B 
^ey are ^ol. • I do no( w.1^ t tb 
henf any of the ovidence (6r trr 
Against tli«j ciyar|fe3 V J tal<^^^ tVe 
sptee^j/ mod s\i]f?&bs^e t^iit l|ifc 
Atloriaej jaeneraf will jtSdWe 
wijiie'sses lo s\yea^ to alJ^'flA! 
(ac'ts Wf^ich he llaa stated^ i{^ 
lam ijoiiyin^ed, %Veaio twi>vfif A 
) s ub m 1 1 io y au r al ! e Man rfllfet* 
e^ven if all olj^ sinViit&f th^ tl^lii 
be s wo rn to , ' tlie ^cofic ti^f ion 
(>'ii|:hj:lo be, thai the *<^Ji!g^ifi 
are false, * * '* 

3onjelhix)ff in Jhc way of n^r- 
rafiVf' wiil bc^ netcMry 6eT6?c 
1 filter oa ihe arg^innqiti "eili- 
taiit^ in thes^ecii- I'Ji'ctiiiciii 
w^)iji to t})e Cont^Bdftl ^rf 1^ 
year 1 ]^ 1 4 , i\ ot Jo rl^ ' lif le r m e 
late Queen hnd, kC Uib iii^tifra* 

U'^e Inive at last, ^n a tai^ible 
»li^e, Ihe ch^fg^os i^aio,st the 
wife ef our Kifi^ vipd Sovereign. 
iUtniDufs and Wc^biiia^ lire, at 
h\U l^itt 641 elK} tp, I h;iv<^ ^e re- 
pot t of the *pQ€!<^^b ffiarlc by tjie 
Atl<kn0 G^ner^, oi^' the l^tti 
«iiii2l«t Joit* pc»w iy'Va \^^i^ 
lai: IBtrt ff^ad it wiU* a^teiitioi|. 
^adt ifi «' Qhne, without w^H- 
roff to bc^ &|i>' contradictba 
ofMl l«delt^omi 1 se^^noiigh to" 
xmmm^ me. Mar the charges 
'nJif fqf^i Awaro of the in- 
i^deo^c^ of p^epossa$sion } aw^re 
lof the powar of 9tir ^Uhcs to 
mblead out jyd;rm^** i aiidfrfi^ 
•injlr a strung ;^ctjr# that the 
-elitt^Gs agTiimt her Piy^ijty 
inlifAli ftrpve fjitf#> I ^^y^ liub- 
*dw^ i^ mymif the ptopensity 
^toyieM lifi in>- renson and into 


Digitized byCjOOQlC 




fied to fier a wish t^iat s]ie 
woald Ice^p ivfhyftqm the 
4rftwiiigi-rooros held at that 
lime. She first went t« Brans^ 

AnrieH- She vras accompanied by 
Lady Charlotte Lindsay » Lady 
Elizabeth Forbes, Mr. St. Led* 
ger, Sir W, Oell, the Honour- 
able Keppel Craven, Captain 
HeiM, l>r, Holland; and Mr. 
Austin. From. Brunswick she 
went to Milan in Italy^ at which 
place the Attorney-General say« 

.the arrived on the 9th of Octo- 
ber 18 U, He says, that she 
remained' about three months 

. at Milan, when sK^ set off ibr 
Naples by tlie way of Rome ; 
and arrived at Haples on the 
8th of Noteaiber Whk Bbo 
riemaloed at Naples from No- 
vember till March, ^vhen she 
<|uitied it, and went siiccessivefy 
iG Ronie> L^ir^ioni, Genoa and 
Mibn, where she remained un- 
til ihc middle of May 1810. She 
then feet out for Venico, and re- 
turned to Milrm iii August 1815^ 
9he now traieU^d on the rnonn- 
iains and about the takes of that 
j>art of Italy, and settled/ fpr a' 
fehort tinio, at h'Este, near 
Como. In November 1815, she 
embarked on board the Levia^ 
lh(m, Capt. Brigg^f and, after 
\isltin|^ E I bn, reached Palermo 
hi Sm\y, Mvheref ibe remained 
tin JafiiWy 1810. She then 
embarked on board the CZd- 
rm<fc fri|rate,Calvi, pBchell, and 
went to S^rofu^Ct from which 
she rclunied to Sidh » s^'oing- first 
to Cufanifis and then to Augus" 
Id. From 8icily the wkit'to 
TMniM, in Afrka ; from Tunis 
to VticM, in a small vessel which 
frhe purchased : and returned io 
TunU in Afril \%\^. In the 

same month she went from Tu- 
nis to Athefis : from Athens she 
went to Eph€9tts, thence to Jc 
rtt^aiemi^ thence i6 Jaffa, where 
she embarked for Italy, and ar- 
rived in September IB 16, taking' 
up hej residence iii the palaee 
D'Este on the Lake of Como. 
In February 1817, she made a 
tour into Gerniaiiy, and ipturn^ 
to D'Este^ in the Spi;in^ ; after 
which she went to Trieste , and 
retnrnAd inAug^^l8I7. 

This,a$(kr'as relates to times 
and places, is the account of 
the Attorney-General ; and, on 
tlits you wRi please to observe, 
and to bear the fact in ipind^ 
that the Queen was almost con- 
tiiMiaUy tf&vollinffy or preparing^ 
for, or resting aOer, u'avelling. 
This is an ot^ervation of great 
importance t6 bear in, i|iind, as 
we shall, by and by, see. She 
was settle no whend^r anpr 
teiigth of time. Her object evi- 
dei^fy was to see as nrocb of 
the world as she oonld. Later 
than AttgHSt 1817, the Altoro'ey- 
General gives us no ^c^comnt of 
her mo\'X3ments, or of any oC her 
conduct: except that hi'j^ays^ 
in one p^rtof his speech, that 
her conduct towards Ber^mi 
was the same tven «nftZ tkt dag 
ofkerJinaliyjfkriingfiHWi k^m- : 
which 16 an assertion tbat we 
ought to bear in mind'; for it 
wfll be fbund to bo, of great 
importance as to the infenetidss 
to be drawn. 

The object is to make nsb^ 
Iteve, that the (^leenis an adilV- 
teress, and the man fixed mp^ 
is the BUfim Berganni, whom 
the Attorney Oaneral endestTonta 
to exhibit as, at once/ tbeindst 
beloved and most u&wortliy of 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


AtxORNET -General's Speecr. 


ineo. He relates more wonders 
of tiiis man and the Queea t^an 
romance eirer f^oniained befof^ i 
am), we sbaB find, very aoon, 
that> if trbat be 9ays anduv^at 
his witnesses -wiU/ dotlbtlosS;. 

ture htridf is a liar;. It* is a* 
qt^sticm di fo^ ; .and^ fdi that, 
we shafl have to settle is, ^he« 
ther the voiee: of nature, or Ujat 
ot the ^fitnesses in the iPortress, 
betfaeQiost likely to speak the 
truth; Xhere willbO'the. tiroM^ 
examnaiion^ ; there will be 
th^ wilnetuftfi on htr^sideM' bat, 
withoutv^tin^for any of these 
\^ shari, 1 think, determine, 
that, iijpon the Attorney Gene^ 
ral'S o%tn skomn^ (iaoludipig 
what is hotofiomy tHieV the 
IJKts he has stated. and the in^ 
brenoes he has drawn are Jake. 
In order ta lay a btoad (bun« 
datioaibr the du^rgtes, fiecgatni 
is represented as being, wlien 
he came into the Queea's ser- 
vice* > ^menial' $er»ant. It is 
on that -fact, presmned, that 
he must have heen. a pai>f<p- 
mmrt in cirder to aoeount>f<ir 
hif greM 1^ rapid advance* 
mvitin her. service. But^be- 
sides that thia is a very^oncha-* 
ritabte presumptioo, is it; any 
thing' uncommon to see aieo 
rapidly 8Klvai[iced from very Jew 
to verjr high situations ? Sir John 
M'&iAUON,. whom the Regent 
amde a Rigki Honourable, and 
phM^ed at the CoaneilBoard vtrith 
iHikes^ £arhs, jaod himself,, vfafr 
BQt0rk>a3ly, at onertimeY a-ybot*- 
bov! Nut»erouainstan:eesoftfae 
kind might be mentioned ; bat, 
in the next place, what wH'e the 
liilea'.of distinetion^, which thf^^ 
iQiaeea eont^fred and'ob^inedt 

I suppose, that any man* might . 
g13tIK»dlea^£^aroft(briiivegpYc)eu, ' 
gtiintos ; and, m cbutf trie^ vrhere . ' 
men tvithwi titles are looked, 
upon and treute4 as s^um of the . 
earth,' it was very natarali.fbr .v 
the Queen to wish to getaoBBe * 
sort of* title for the mani wha :\ 
principally managed her aAiiiv. ^ 
* But ttjinf was BeaGAfHi tb^, 
principal person tibeot **the 
Queen? Ue istmtt^ a rooHi^r,' 
or PostUUon. r Bat. words Wive j 
difiRM*ent meanings* in 'different^. 
coimtrieSi He * had been a*ffii[t>«< ; 
fcfrjrConrier: or, what we should * 
almost C9t\\ynnaivbid€-cdnipi or, 
at least, o, Mes^engeK So that > 
this d^gradittg^ appellatioii . of - 
Courier is made use of merely : 
fcrtlteporpiise of coritrwt^^^in 
the Qoeeti's ititention to irtmd,' 
an intentk)D wllieh she putislo ' 
(^1 'execoticm, we see a 'idry-j 
good and sufficient reason dri 
einploffing a man of 'this de- 
scription ;> but, vet, we,- who-- 
banre never tea veiled t)n the Gon«; 
ti0etit,~ean htn^e but a very im- - 
perfeot idea of the necessity of > 
such a person on a jonrneyi 'it 
is not calling <a post-chaise^ ot,. 
rather, driving up toan Inn g0te,> 
and waiting five minutesy- andU 
being taten on again h^ perfects 
safety; and thus, from stage to 
stage, as from Southaoipton topv 
Edfnbprgii, sleeping ^ Ittdf -th^. 
time, if you like. This is. net ^ 
the case upon, the ContmeiH;.. 
But, on the contrary; td nhtm*, 
horses, toseenre lodging, jn^d:. 
to secore yo«Nr threats ^Armn' be** 
i^^cnt UL those Mdgings, is m 
business sto^bi^^entrasted tanoae 
but clever men, aad hraye men 
fath'/Xo fill such an offioe with., 
abilii^ is no small merit ; ai|d, K 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Anbwer to the 



atvrUkkf'.MilbuXitim'^, herJdan 
ie^ w^d, . A man at 
a thoftiMnKi.tiaiet a& joacb taefit 
ih other. r€$pifct^,ytro\Ad.naU hft^« 
been «>t vdttitbie to. ihci Qii^o 
xti:tbt periodvtd whiob wqai^ 
alUtdioi^ 1 Sb^ yrf» kept pn Iror 
velv and to).trn¥ek witli ix>n- 
veiiknce, oM&vemvillt'sdialyito 

^h^hckii KM^^t Ufkim Aifm»U' r 

/af£ ,* AiHl;this4 ioo« ^.ptMa^taot,^ 

mk.^iwitbiMeef^ with her; h^Ar 

i)^^!. :Not y^t nigktm\Viiwfi9ti 

lis lQvo..#ANfer.igoii^ Qa«,tot 

dayi 1 aUoK itiid h bt jhmiretr^ . 

[«;; alitiMU, ;optniy i(utfi^ 

afasokitd need, i of 1 a ^mmm .Uke. 

b#v Kfe>. she atQod in lie^dv: io ^(l^larftinlGtfifer^QQiit Wo^ ^«} 

tbairhe aboald hav^ zmt aodc ?6ou4^^eMit>«i^Y/on^ .4t^iWii^ 
/(ileKlf^itas w^lt^ abtUlyi^ apdr Hiai^df l^AfUeJ^brcfi^-coAtimalfy . 
yW' Qdt to rQ^ardi.biHa.higUji' ibiUjii|^ an^ oooidg'it > ' l ;> 
the best^andmcA^eflfe^plMM v.i0^i »j IMrnriritbserYB/ilU ithfifMiUs,; 
oT^seottfin^ that fidelity and |M)i JDlMoite JJAdsayy«L«ti^ 
jiealf: . ... , PJiwiWtii JorJ^M^ KappK^^Cf^r . 

. BergayDi»o«r^ (npo* ^in^se lyen; Sfe J^. QeU> JH H<^n«ti4i^ 
rQeommeiKlatkm the,: AHordegr^ r^mt Qiyt. .Healed ^vertijiiiii^ji^ ; 
QitfiieTai doea M^.Vlioiw),UkeB \^4amit JuhgMewiikihfi]Q?i^ 
ii^o the iftures'a ^etvioe 'm%ibiB: \U i^j^otiMl^^ t^t^Xh^ifliMt- 
faU. of 4BU,tfatAMUafi« Th^qAe \i^iffmid^/Jttmi»u.WJ^ 
moat be^sbme.jiiistAkfi ia ll^- (pDi^9iOniadyiA«ifte^^^ 
IHtti of. ihe' speech ; Jo^ it ftij; oJxiM^ 1 1 jtek 2f .thii l^iio^: 
that ba Entered the.QueeiCawi* «f6/^Jf S«inei|ibdcH:tfaa^vtWi^r 
Yiee about 15 days tefer^:^ stenes }irem;g€(iog>ii; 

quitted Milan, to gt) tf^.Napte, 
and that she# had beeq three 
manih^ -at AlUan bqfoQeaabe. 
qaitte^d it, though bhe aTfivod 
<»i-the 9ih of October^ and ^r 
fiwed at Naples on iH^3ihi»f 
i^owem^er* How^rer, the At- 
toia&y ^^oeral says, that,&^- 
garni « &B soon 19 the Qv^eilvilurr^ 
rived at Naple£i became .dier 
ParaiDour. Oe the ftlnrflLNo-: 
member bog^kts the Ifistofy.iaf' 
theae wonderful ainoucft , Kcem. 
ihi6 time, j^i'^t ikree ftmekt^^lOLex 
he ^iitared the Qae€n%^«BXy4c#«» 
bia became her b«;cUfelk>v< 
* Thoy caix^cd on &pi?n2ybJlUffQlDta 
of indccertcie^ Their conduct iKiia 
^^.fliifi^r^iit ithat averjTiidyfkObr. 
^pvfid it. The Queen slept in 

day> a weel(«L4ir Ik nioatbt.bitt. 
foom . Nweminr la, Mqrdk -^9^ 
cluaiioa; that, 4a ttAi. 98]^ v^vfe, 
moiktlia. . Thaae Gofftth^IiOd^i 
we«e;inai[^ of hoB.i^w4Alld^(b^ 
^i^eiitleinen .w^ra i^hMih^d^o^^i 
md eqaeeries^ aod oneia i^^^^'r'. 
jctoai. Whttio. 1vere«thaii^;^|^: 
and ^ara? They ivere Uy|nf iip 
the. jfdme^ how^e / , . undec . it)iKI 
aame roof; aad.^eJtJlAiey ii^y^. 
ate^ fiiAHird^ a»9 tbiq^ ^ahQl^ 
theae«<«tpea ^abd. fl^tti^ iHpil 
.sbad\eAiyt doingi^i WjU.3W» wy ; 
wiU aoy .0iaa .of^aincevU^ ,aay; 
that he &rjieuc9v thai iH^thilKpi 
eaUld bet<dQg;;/OD wivfiljiii jcpnui 
,af4heiieaui perjK)|k;$>^aUl^vii||^Ji» 

nal parlies, hearings any thing at 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Attornry-Gbneral's SptreoH. 


ill of the matter? Yet, they 
' CO did not have heard any^ ihin^ 

of it ; for,.* if ihpy - h«jd, to have 
. ri?n»aiiK>d in the iboi^e \%'ot]lcl 

have jn»de the I^arfies lawds 

znd i^ Gentlemen pinipfi. 
In ^pi'tJE pt this iiwvltftbl^ con* 

clusiiiit. ft he (Attorne'j^General, 
.10 ofd^r, to g'uard ; befort^hau^ 

a^irbit the objection 1 am iiOvy 

'tatjo^, says, that, doubiletfj-i , 
• these |j£fcdies and feoMtlenioo 
- . d id h car t % m&^rn . W h\i t \ H ear ^ 
: rwffiowr^*/ tVom what qiiarter/ 

A a d w hy t^l k of r */ nuiu rs .when 

. the amuurs were carried oi^, 

\ riot ojil> every iiight, but ev^ry 

day, a^d that too far more 

^ \3han|elessly ihan the amours pt 

j the common street- walkers? 

; Why talk of rumours In such a 

^. case ? Can that which i* open, 

.' iflagfiuit, JK>10TH>IJS, be a filibj- 

*;* i9<it of rumour f We may aa 

'i well »ay, at this moment, thUtit 

"i is tnfiiourp4 that the ,Queeu'& 

'*'\, tjrial is goip^ on ; for, if the 

V r^llorfjey-Generars statement 

^: W^re trae, tlievQueen's amdiip^ 

> ;«;ii|>Ni>pW^,w#re *as notoriouiva^ 

'.^: iki% t^at how is. ^.U is tlie ni<>)it 

^'- imioust ^ thing that the ^yOFld 

'* jftter. )*;ard of," that rkmoiir 

4: »i»aal<( Hell the inmates of Ihe 

^p/^oe^Q.of iwbat wos pacing* nu 

1 dter * their wo ,^yes 

J) ^^9eii'8 ^^Tvants sjiw alt. that 3 

.' ^waa |>a&siii^. ^Fhey ai^ist hiiye 

i^ --talked <>f it. .And' were not 

-^ ;49pie of, those' servants* about 

'"5 ftht'Epsf'hsb Ljadies and Genllc-j hajid; and, what is morc^, though 
ti'toetii h it pOiSfbW, that Her- they all very welVkneW/jthat 
h ^k^\ A:,Qnl4 iiatc slept ^ith the J 4hey should run no risk of-dis- 
^j^ W^ten-fe'rery m^h^ ;' bf^akfeitetij favour fl/ home by 'deniuncing 
^^ wflb her every mor^ingr; tayod [and exposing thei^ VMistress. 
'■i with and kisijted Uer every- tfayij They reinain quiet ;tli£y hear the 
■i ' ahe;^0 openly to his bed-iide ; j rumoitr r tUi^y make no^ipjiiiiry ; 
i irit poB^hleiot this-to beer^i^i^r' thl^ E^g^.U^ Ladic? remkin in a 

on, and under the same roof 
with six Ladies and Gentlemen^ 
a [id these Ladies and Gentlemen 
never know aiiy ' thing ^of the 
matter, ojccept from mere rv- 
mour? I ask if this be j^od^^/e ^ 
And, if it be not believed to be 
possible, slifiU wc believe the 
Mves^ring of Italian witneisesta 
the facts ? . Shall we believe 
their oaths sufliclent to set m\de. 
evidence of our own semes / 
iShall we believe, that their 
(fWeariuj^s are suffieietit to' make 
ivipoH^thiiilieH (ru(K/ff 

However, if there were a rit- 
mour that reached the cars of 
those English Ladies and Gentle- 
men ; if we supposie thai thiswaa 
sOjhoware Wetoacoouiiifbr their 
conduct duf ing ' tHe whole of 
this history? A nmotir would 
naturally and unavoidably set 
their iii^ a I'rmg powers to work. 
U b imposiiible, that tHey should 
not have come ai the (acts in an 
hour at farthest. Their own 
observation would have been 
enjiU^h ;. but, there were their 
servants, aft living in the eame 
house with the Queen's ser- 
vants, and all neoessaril y hf^ing 
Ub& paramour from fo clings of 
envv. I'hc lacts must have 
been asce r tamed m an instant: 
riienafid, yet theie six Ladles- and 
'* .Gentlemen, hearthe rumour, 
and never make any inquiry at 
all; though all/ihomea'ns of 
ascertaining the facts were at 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 


Answer ra th'e 


house, whick the Attorn^y- 
Genei^ represents , fts t^'^rse 
than a baf\vdy-hot«e ; they hear 
it rtimoiircd that it is sudhr, bat 
* strll they remnin, apd say not a 
word about the hiatter; and,tn 
this state, tbi:J disgraceful and 
infamous state, they continue 
' for nearly ^rr nwntlis ! Will an 
En«;li$hman beiieve this; and 
yet this he must believe, or he 
must believe the At<orney-Ge- 
nersrs-statehient to bife felse, 
th6ujg^ supported by tl»e 
swearings of a thousancf v^it* 
nesses. * ». . 

It Is a monstrous impfttation; 
that the Attorney-General casts 
on thoi^ ladies and gentlemen. 
He i^ compclledf to slate; that 
, they remained five months ten- 
der the same roof \V5th the par- 
tiesf, who were carrj^g^ on the 
intercourse which he so minnt\3^ 
ly described'. *He sees dearlj 
the impntatton thnt he cas^ oh 
them ; and he endeavours to 
excuse their unaccontiUMe con^ 
duct byobsernng-, that *me«f 
them im fhe Q^tterL' Left herl 
When f Whjr> iit the end otjite 
'monfA«pf this scandrf^u^nvork! 
No :^ they ' did not leave ^h^r. 
Tltey staid at Na{)les when she 
-ivent ioWirds lionie, -on her 
way to Genoa.- So that- she 

*nut,'what are we to think, then,- 
of th^ ^nit of them that irmi 

Spiih her ; that fertlowed * her 
rom^the scene 9f Iter amours at 
Naples; thai ttlH went with 
Jier, liTe4 ^Hh bef as inmates, 
thoporh Ber^mi stHl occiipied 
bis placfle and stilt bpenly and 
fiagrkntly carried on hiife amours' 
•vrhH her* The Attorney-Ge- 
BcntI, over &nd over a ykin] bef(s 

the Lords to mqrk wM tho f:ir- 
cumsCanee of Ihe Qoeen's Bog-. 
tish hiiendhni» leaping h^ f^nd 
he begs them ' to regard that * 
diet as coi^oAoroltng his iltdiaii 
evidence. Now,' Lady 'C5fcar- 
htte Lindsay and -Dr. HMand 
went with the QUe^ from Na- 
ples, KAd accompanied her as 
(ar as Leghbrn. Why did 'the 
others stay «t Nap>tesf Why 
did tlioy not go along with th« 
Queen ? They, in all pttftMfoiti- 
ty preferred the pursuit of their 
own taste to that ^f irtwMin^ 
about, which the Queen dcAi^t- 
ed in; and which they mu$t have 
known that it wtts her idteifftioii 
to ptirsue ; for, as we^ften^rds 
find,shl[^ k^pt constantly i^ifmb* 
ling by «ea as well as by land, 
whichl doubtless, preaeftted a 
Metres of toils, tbaraboser •tedies 
and geiitiemen did not tfame to 
eneouAter. For, tipoif what 
olhe^ groaiid are we toiacteduot 
(or ^ part remaiiiliig, at Natples, 
and a part ^oing^ ^mth' If^e 
Queen t The AttomejN^dtteral 
Ivoald have OS believe, that the 
S(»pf(ration arose from^nMOiir*, 
Which the ladies oikl kenttemeii 
had heard. But, Whai'M^ we 
td think, theh, of Dr. ttoflhnd, 
and, above til, ($f Liad^'dhar^ 
htH Lindmyt Qr, ne/^lpe tp 

left fAeni; and not Dtey her. be such sota as to au|^POfe it 

wmible, ^at^Ladv Efwibeth 
Forbe* hfed heard^ neimovra, 
whidh dhl not reaeh the «ars of 
Lady Chartotle LindM^-l Jfwe^ 
eould possibly sappoielMili we 
moat tei Lady jShtiaH^etii Forbes 
down as gHiiltjr, not oiAyoi' i^ 
'gtOBS and shameCill fie^le<it of 
tlaty; but nh guilty* of seine- 
tiling very tittle short of> «u«« 
prmon tfirea9on. What! $b* 

Digitizeci by CjOOQ IC 




h^ait 4 mtyio^, and a rumour 
80 Stf^^ng^f and of stic^ a nature ; 
in shi>n ^be hears what makts 
hir believe, that the Queen is 
nvln^ in a statcuof doukU but- 
tery ; ahe thinks It not safe or 
^Jedrat';to reiteaio any longer 
.^th snch a woman ; she" hears 
ahd bieli^Vj^ aiidaets upt^nthis 
hitellig^nce ; and y^ she never 
i^ommwiieiae^ it to her sifter 
tMid ef hhne^r ! Nny,* she. 
neiw graves her' a hint of ity and 
lets feef'go ofT to continue to 
tive-in tftai same infemouB slate 
^srhteh tbey have all so long^ been 
Ihring in ! Will any man say. 
thai hehelietes tMsl Yet this 
he miist believe, and la- §preat 
•deal' more tifMn Ibis; before be 
l)e4teves' the Attorney^Gener^ 
and his ^Inespes. 

ISiit Lady Oharlotte Lin^isay 
ieayes the Queen, (that is tii say, 
the QueeQ; leaifes her) at Legv 
hom^' ^e shall incl^ I dare 
say, that. the lady tvas weary; 
that aho' preferred fest and ease 
to traveHingand toil; and, par- 
Hevkiifiy,' that she, had no relish, 
fbr a sed Voyage^' which tfie 
Qneen^s now became, to Ge- 
noa. How^vier/ Lady , Ckah' 
hUeCmnphM joins the Qoeen. 
ki Gttum^Mdrgoes ^n with her 
'alterwards to mhm, whiare.(let^ 
k be^^bsfervM) Bergamil^ da- 
nkUfy Iked. This is a very HVa« 
terial fbet The Attom^-^e* 
iscfYia} d^rella upon such ptfrsonv^^ 
.feormi^'tbe Queen, aa he has the 
IbnltoeaB^'Kiean it ; but benav«Ji^ 
dMik^ such persons joining 
kar. Yoo will have obse)rved, 
Ibil oiue ot her Eo^liah follow* 
^ -era, Mr, StrLfiOGRR, lejft her/aa^ 
it i«. eaHed, al BrwMwiek, be^ 
|k»re she f ntared Italy, and« of 

course, before ehe^aenw Bergami. 
Thikfe^M dipped wer, MThy 
did this gentleman stay bebind ? 
Betsause he did not chooae to 
traveltother,tobeAuce. Tiieise 
persoii$ Were all g^oit^ on their 
ofM7M pleaeure; and it was not 
their taate to Jieep travvlHng^ 
.about, it ' is impoemble, ^ thai 
Mr.8t. Ledger eould have .taten 
any offence at the ain#ur$.df 
Bergamix and. yet it is certain * 
thai he^ ataid behind. Why, 
thej)^are we to imptite theatoy^ 
ing* behind of the others^ ohe 
after anptherl ' to any othpr 
canse, than that of tlifeir own 
taste; or^ probably, (be st%te of 
their . health ^: Lode at the 
Qoeeo^ tours, and you will see» 
that it required no coinAion > 
etrengtk of body to endure tha 
fatig^ue oftbem > and hare alone 
an& we to iook for the caiu^ 
of her attendanta 'iiropfi$i^ >ojl^ 
from h^, ais it has mbkgiavti^ 
been called. * .. . .\ 

Sot, to return to Lady Char' 
jpi^ the Quoen at Get^oa, af^r 
LadyC; Lindsay bad'M dropped 
off" 9A Legibom? Had the rv- 
Moure sever reached lier t .Ru* 
npoinrs conld reach the ^inaU* 
dfet^ ra)>bl&^ the wa»t«eod 
of London, bat l)i»y DosU not 
ineaeb. tern Nsqplea to Gieiloa) 
though mi .the /babbliiig' .aer- 
vmau of thovQuaen were tber^l - 
|t 'is impossible toi telieve, %tiU 
La(^y a CaaiipbeU had heai!^<if 
the fumours i anfd yet it ia next; 
to iippotsibte to beliave» tliat 
ahe shtald not have ,hear4 of . 
them, if it had been they wbkAi 
induced LadyC. Lindsay todrop 
off at Lei^hom. But, tbar^ is 
somelliiny.of mv£h mora im* 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


^Answer to the 


;:bca:JU]i:^be *^eeD I :iii. pfm^ ^r!$fig!Mnifs«fiH^U)( ! To believe 
. ^^i^Qcejof.^at dill ste: ">>tii*{ .«^lj9v« i^-Jfipo^siWci.^ ,; Xi^e' ia 
\faai%?'XAjifaif the^tnm^^er> n%f|ii||t|)|9g'i.Yrho eil^^ 

. * ^.jfAJfuriV^ :«k^:|}|t^Qr9< .ISo il. uriJP^seB and the Alkiw^eyi-Oe- 
u4|iofc/ik«ut6eMiflwrf,tiiatllie iwak ;,r. ^^. . t ,, ... 
;^6e«i3di^ hot Jteep.anJfMV otj i tJW. Ae^,.Q9e|9]p'4 ie«i!^iift. fuid 

f.;i|bt>i^pl*^draUflpl;9(Hl»eL;aod Attoniey-G<QBert^9WBt^y,F^re 

>H\Kve.«SH'iien ^ t&eio ptofi»«re?< af {^ipl^^: axi^C o^ ilfoe iY»#d to 

••«iil fbvit be^ l»«eyeit ^jMy^ ^iBi^wff j^ . Wd^$l^^^ jf the 

^^XV<%p6eU joined: .iha.ilteK pA^ Ji^g^n^KlW^ .hii^"^rpp- 

yvMi^fM^eflA'SiOtbHyi^^ j[j(H<9te^eneei9r Uiat 

al t^e very leftst,^vttttber)QS|eiri eoi^iUi^t^ wjs^cli illilf y, ce^uld pot 

V > %gtte«(Ml ; %»d^b«l«m6g tt; till rtpft A^ .<!lMi»e>' if Micli hftii bpen 

.H,i9^iff|(M Lj«ray»st. :t}iia( Q^ j^^^o^, of 

' i^i9(X\mired0^mH, MRbin%n|m^ 4»tftiw»WbWt *b»!prwj«^s3«p^ 

. ?«}ib«>iiiitf«<rf^of tiho/Miteifoii ieri^Jh^ ^infUse ^J49;^^^^/vrji(ukl 
- >f ^tWdSaialMpry.. . r. _ . .. JiftV^f'l^oipi^/ at;r.iMlviW.iJirot 

• ^lore' ttMiAivibkfnaii^pMrjdnB Wisl>fid<of ;'^ iib<^«l^4,|iqy^jkepi 
M -. i|iie»; QtoBt tiiMieaettjft jjite;t|y2U '«(»t tfae^iQii/tiiMir^lltf >» i^^ ; 

/ '' Wm •we«y 4ii|^<9/Miii^^op:;tlMey^.AT<^d .ifai^^ ^^d 
' i^ lrtiftiiid^faiihmgJUMiE^.bt^ no 

' ws{ ^l^fifi^^eea WW:.*w;; AjRllsi*^^^^ hOPsi^.wMlP, ^ hen 
4dtoMe* td lire ot||iof tbe/3«|^. ^^d take*, a ty^as^la into; her 
^fhe»p^ftn»<i#;.iiiiaUe:tajrQr Mil. ^^ .. .V;^ t. : : . :< 
atraia herself even before her i Tbts one notorious fact is an 

'Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



Answer 49 ^11 the stai^ments af 
ili& A4ti»mej(rGHi^ctil, anU. te; 
tW svr{^Mri|kg8 4f ^1 bi& wUuesse^ ; 
4uul iliift' fact* is stated hy tbe 
Aitorney-Geoev^ huns&lf* ^*The 
iQneep mig^bt take LddyiC^Camp- 
^11 AS a blind.'' Kerj^in^whe:^ 
' )^ is > repre^Mied as . bavin^gr- 
eypu sA ihh lii9e/ atidjpi^ be- 
^re^'Set Muf^j^rance^ tU de- 
^stocQ ; «a havittg'')ostaU^bAnle; 
as boiug: eoaipleteiy infaiuaXed 

,given ter«elf up wbolly to ihe 
jE^iBhraees, .day ajMl njg^bt, of 
Set^gaiEi. Wbj^i then, should^ 
shetak^ wi^.\En%l%^h ha^yi For 
^ciety? 1^: ipir she bated all 
«ociei/, bi4 that of her para- 
inoiH'.* 8be :<K>^ld endure no 
iniernaption: ajid yet sl^ vo- 
iaiitorUy look ibis English ]>ady 
into her house; wbich« if the 
Alt<Nriiey«-General'S'diarg:es were 
ixv», aod th« swear^og^ ot (lis 
4i'ilaea6es aoy 4huj^ but what 
ihey are, s)2e coukl have doae 
Jbr no earthly purpose other than. 
;Uifft4>f eoabiioj^ LadyU/Ca^ip- 
)m11 to wUiK^/imd to send to 
^«rhiislE»auda failth&il aud do- 
OaUbdacooupi. of, her amours 
•^tfa her scrvaoti tjao we be- 
iteve J^ttts? Ceio we believe sjiieh 
jithMi^ of any womun breathing'? 
Ao^ yet, this fta roust beUeve.; 
fi€ we must disbelieve 4iie At- 
Jofaey-Gpn^fai ;&nd his ^t« 

li «ppeiU!Si th^t Lady C Caoip- 
JbeRremaiaed with the Queen 
ftmk Uarch^ )8iid, to ]\}ay or 
,JiHie, llflC..\¥Uat! wa sheaU 
ilfaii' W^e ia the same house 
withllieQa^eii witboi|]L/ieiarm^ 
4>f the aduUerovis rniercimrse? 
Caa any one believe, that a 
Itidjf would be so loqg under 

the same roof without hearingp . 
of things, v^ of any. of the 
things* such as. tiK)So alleg^ed 
agpaia^t the Qu^n f No man cau 
beUeve it; , Yet^ this Lady ^^ 
jmained more than ^ whoi^ y^ar . 
ia the house] 'if she did heaf 
of the amours, slie wMno b^t*- 
ier tliaaa iawH:^ tojP^eiDaio under 
ibe roof ; and sh^ wns be^fides 
guilty of , pii^fj^iffion t^ ifvau(^i^ 
There Jbjfe, w^ ar§ to , believe; 
that Ehe did never hear of ti;^se 
amours ; aiad yet we cp.nnpt bya- 
lieve this, without , heUevUij^ 
iboft the aioovs aire i^ fi^^r^i^lion. 

The Qu«^B went froim Geno^ 
to Milan. Here was a. fain opr 
portunity for I«ady OJmrlotte 
CatupbeU to stay behii^. Ye^ 
she did not. She yf^fiU^fW the 
Queen lo* Milan, 9he f$llow<ed 
h^r tliithor ! and M^e, Y dr/^pped 
off/' thati^, staid b^))W, when . 
the Qiseen set out .oii a Ipnjc 
journey to Vend(Hft .Howeveii. 
the Hon^ Mr.B«ii&KLL"ia««/?rf'- 
the Queen before ahe ^look iiik. 
journey; aoeompanied h^r in the 
journey, and "4i^op|>ed .ofl*'' tifi 
site was. returning*. 9ui she 
was, about the same time^ 
"joined'/ l^ Mr. Jfo^pland hhd 
M)\ Flf^nn, who h|i4: been ' in 
tlio Kiti^'u ai*rviee : two ojglenti 
of course.. When these '* drop- 
ped oflT', we are not ioformed r 
probably wlion *she was 'about 
I to g;o Oil }ier.«<ear«7i>yag(?«, the^ 
j having:, perl}ap$, t^ enou|^'h of 
s^ar-voyages before tal^ast them 
their lib^itimes. 

How loudly do all these *fJQ%n- 
." tng«r" speak in refutation, how 
concliisive ^e th^y in condem- 
nation, of the statemeAt of the 
Attorney Oeueral, and how 
completely they shut our ears 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


AN6W£I« to tRft 


* agfuinst tRc testimony, isoliected 
Ihy the Pillfto Comtuiesiofi^ and 
li^arshftlUd under tbe banners of 
the i8bfif<5tCor tf Ote Treamry l 
is it' im€sihl€y 1 as)c» for Messrs. 
Btirreit, ilo wlhnd^ and Flynn, \tk 
WKf,\%\^, to have been- igno* 
Tim df ttte ^^mjAiouv^, if sueh had 
"been afloat at Naples from No* 
V^mber, l§l4/tp March, 1^15; 
4a«d if tto fiftets wtneh g^ave me 
•to them bad been dailj and 
howl J ioeiie^sinff Ml nottiber ftnd 
.IB ii^raBc;ff No lu^tion of a 
peva6% «o c^iispl<;aou9 as .the 
. -Qcieeii leouki be bidden. Her 
. ^ae^dfis wonkl^ if of a^ scand^^us 
nAtili^ej nceessariJy be. the topic 
of every corivertatioii, especially 
Hftmon^ the Bfiglfsh. And, 
thou^ mbn ftii^t be less de1i« 
eate thun women on this score, 
4t is not to be . believed, that, if 
4hese g<eMiemeh bad heard such 
, jrui)ioars;mnd hod had- the smaU- 
idst reason to tye4ieve in them, 
tliey wobid have^ne of their 
oicm^tccdr^ to'^join^^tboQiioen; 
"while^ as k> the case of Lady C. 
Campboir, it is iiuposstble to be- 
lievo) thaf the QOccn woiild 
•hav^ iAvitcd th^n, or, indeed, 
'ptttniited them to l»fe unijfer the 
^^ame roof> where she was lead- 
ijag such a licentious Hie; ac^d 
that> too, white she well knew, 
t^at the proof of that UcentiocRs 
life was mgerty Bought after a3 
t^io means, the sure at)d in^Hi* 
- ble means^ of her ruin, degpra- 
datioi^> and everlasting' infancy. 
Thus, then> in order to believe 
the assertions of the Attorney 
Ooncrai and the swearings of ms 
witnesses, w^e rno^t believe Ml, 
n^y (dW these Eng[iisti Ladfes 
and Gentlemen to ' have been 
bawds and pimps and traitors ; 

or, t1%at ib^ weWi^^^flcolnpiele!; 
blind and deaf; i^cid we iMai 
father believer that tlieQo^My 
white she was iuMrtn^ng bD «» 
adalteroifs interewrse, ihef^r^^ 
of which . borne ' to Etiglaad^ 
ivould bo ^tire to r^mier her 10^' 
famous^ and eVen deprive her of 
the Metins of enri<bhin^ her pa« 
ramoiir, availed horsed of every^ 
'opportunity of seonriiig to her 
enemies the meaf^ of prodneing' 
that pmof ! These fhro 4h# mOii-' 
stroQs thin^, wiilch we -iM^lst 
believe, belbre wo* catt belwv*^ 
the Attornev GcneraV and hi^ 
troop of Italian sweaversv 

The thing* harped npob-by Ae 
Altorrfey General, fWni ihe be- 
^nnlng- 1<> the end, as tTbe greskt. 
corroboratihg ^ot)f of ^*c <miU 
of the Quccn^ is thcl ptActr whkk^ 
fJerganii po^H^-itsed (ttfter her^ 
Theswearttf^if w«(;ties©es,wortH 
nothing" wilhowt eotrobw-a^ng- 
(acts, proved by fMgii^ «p*^- 
neefie^, or, noiPri&tts in them>-^ 
jfelvei. Yox this pdrp^iseit w«», 
that he Introduced theEtij^li^^h 
Ladies* and Gentlemen, in ordcir 
to make tlieir "feftfm^'Vthe 
Qi)een corroborate hi^insinim-* 
tion about Fumonrsy and those^ 
rumours cbrroborate the swear-^ 
<*rs dra^vn otttof the Fortress.- 
He vras eotnpelied, however^ to 
rtotice '* joimn^^^ as woR as 
letivings; and, i^ii th^ tvliots*. 
instead of a corroboration, h^ 
has prodticed the^^hio^t eOtfrlUc* 
ing- proof of the'^seh^^ of hm 
statement. At last he g«to' HA 
of aH his Bn^lish attendttH»<e 
tufjd aski; whewier tliis^l*^ not ct - 
proof of the erihiin^ i^Ur^^ 
course^ The simple ftict, asr ap- 
pears from th^e dates, is, 1 dare 
«€iy, thtii the En^flish attendneti^ 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC . 


ArrORKfcT-GtfiXftRAt'S Bl»KtCM. 


bad i>»reU|h ^ voytiifps byiear 
iiid iJifti (bay prelerred ra^iaio'' 
ivgr-^i .«a»e»u| Uaij^ te vi:>iting' 
•icrasalcHH at Uic^xpciijce of cer- 
Uuijoii aad^n^eaf pottle dan* 
f5»n - But if 5iw** leaTing'' the 
Qneon'be to be looked upon a:s a 
covTOlM^ration. ^ of the Itati j^l 
•wenfcrs, oogFit not iiic '' jofn* 
V u^' of -othev Eoglish^to lie 
looked Mpoti as refiHiii^ those 
syfiovev^i She is not accused 
■4}( •v^r liavtog' elijtmi^^d ^Bfi 
^Eo^$h attendftnt ^ and we mc, 
jUiat.she ifl alwap ready to fahe 
iticK atte^AdaalB. And thorelbre 
tiie circttiiKiUuicoft rolatiog* to the 
Bti^Uh aitoPdaoU arC| as eiear 
«s day^ig^i^ proo& against her 

Tho fofi^r 'of Bergami orer^ 

ik€ Qneen i$, as i observed be* 

' fore, tko otber gnand war-hofse 

of the Attoroe; 'General ; aiid I 

ibottid say, that, if itw^M^ 

clearly proved by credible wii- 

. > 9u«^#) or hynotoriffHS facie, Utat 

' he did poss^Bs and ex^peise great 

ffmr^r over her, that aUme, 

. Witlioot any ^^wcariog: at alt, 

• tro«ld eoAvinee me that ho fnuj 
been absolotoly her bed-fellow. 

• For, -vhen we consider the re- 
lative' ntnalioiv in life of tlie par« 
ties, ii is impossible to beliere, 
ttiat bo ewUd Imve obtaiiied 

. p&wer «fw hcf" by «My means 
lH«t one, attd to confesa the ex- 
•{#teiU9e of that one is Co confess 
'the Uttib of tbo ebarges. 

* yhB Attornoy-f^ieaeral says, 
■tkki bis Italiaii* witnesses will 

si|r«ar to a grmni numy acts 
yrmmg the cTislene^ of this 
'f^umr f and they may, <br me, 
swear till doomsday, 1 sball 
notice iiO'4>roofe of this powier. 

* wbick do not re4 on the testi- 

mony of o^th4rici(m4t9rs, or on 
fbct^ of notorietjf. I'he on*y 
«ne of tlie fbrmer description 
that is brought forward ii this ; 
that the Qfieen, when on boani 
tbe Cloripde fHgate, preferred 
sitttng at table with Boretnni 
(how become bor Charnkfrtatn) 
to siifing' at t»ble wilb the Ostp* 
tai»(Pccholl), to the e^rd'Mnm 
of her Chamberlatn. The slolv 
toki by tho Attorney-General w 
this; that Pechetlj who had, 
sometime be^bre, kn'own^Ber- 
graiiii to be a merd servaBt, 
fttandingp behi^ the Queen's 
oljair, had "the impudence and 
ins4^ienc^, leaH it, to tell hw^ 
that he would not sit at the ti^unc 
table With Bot-gami \ and that 
the Qtieen, instead of r60eiiting 
this, took seme time- to consider ^ 
and then resoltl^, that she 
V, wild have tuioth^ tabley 9M 
sit with hcrChamberial^. ^'Vhe 
Att^rftey^General dwefls great- 
ly upon^^this, seeing that is td be 
pi*oved by PethelL He says that 
her ^o/n^ on fertr/*^, and tiof r^- 
^^itinfi ih^ coMaet of Pecheli^ 
isas^roB^ly pre«Bmf>tive proof 
of consciousness of {[;uili :* and 
ilmt ber resol?4bg to dine and 
sit with Bergami is a p^oof of 
'hi« i*o%cer otcr het* ,♦ as much as 
to say, that she rf^rcrf not ex- 
clude him f^om the table, at 
whicb she faersdf sbo^ikl mt. 

Now, in the ftrst place; tiie 
Queen bad ho cho4et( as .to g#^ 
ing^into the ship. Me inusfgo 
ill that ship, or in ^»otic: Tb^^ 
as to not rmerUing Hie ins<rtot>t 
conduct of Pbcheli; Wfmt eould 
she do ibete tbtn she did t 9km 
ooald not knoclr him down, a» 
be deserved. She did^tbat bo-* 
nour to h»r CbaaiborlaiHi^liidi^ 

Digitized by'VjiOOQlC 




ishe did net do ^tkrm *, and Uus 
rnras oU she coiikl * do ; mid she 
)<:odid do ) noiinitig: leaSf unless 
:she bad stibmiltad to tho .^t^/ti-* 
Jto?t of this -iuftoienl Cciptaui. 
This -vvas. who t he wi&hod, of 
•course, in this be Wjas di^ap- 
ipoiaied; andi theirefore, he might 
-likely eaoi^h ascribe to the 
pow^ of Berg^ni, a stej> which 
It was absolutely .neeeasary for 
^her to adopt, in order to shew, 
.lliat she wa4i ROi under tlu3 
fNHrer ^- Pe(MU' It may not 
.be wholly uaueces&ary to add^ 
.that this Pechell is a «ou of a 
:;Slfr Thomas- jPec/^dl, who was, 
. at that- time, a Gmlkinan Ushor 
:io the iole Qusm^ inm \vho^ 
coirt it is weH known .Uie pre- 
aeni Otteoo \mi, not loo^: be- 
. fore, beoa esi^uded. 

The facts of fMv/w e^, tw>agbt 
forwaitl to prove this ftnoer q/ 
Betrgami a\'0r the Queen axe« as 

• far as i €ft« discover, oxdy those 
relating to the introduciog of his 
o^?vivlaniily into the honse of the 

' Queen and to ike riches heaped 
OQ him by ber Mlyesty* The Ai- 
tomey-Q^nerat insisted stroug-ly 
on this. 'He returns to it a^iu 
iUid iigain. He Insists upon it 
a^ oomplete corroboraltory proof 

..of the unlimited power of the 
Chamberisin over tie Queen. 
And, in otdec.tb impress it 
strongly on oar minds^ asks if it 
be cov^n^on for whole .tribes to 

• be thus fastened upon employ- 

• era. To which 1 answer, that 
. nothing is oitiBier more common 

or tno^ Jiat^md. A£ to ail the 
.stuff about the r^^/that the 
parties iUdd, I care not a straw. 
Whether the woinen were call* 
•d mUkU of honour, or cook 
maids, or milk maids, it malce^ 

Apt a' feather in the scale. Hl» 
had got a good fat plaee btii»- 
self : lie was diiigeut, zealous and 
taithVnl ; and, it requiredi tto 
-great pains to persulkde tlie 
Qupen» which might tlie 
fact, that all his family were of 
the S8me description. Wh^n 
men, or women, get into piaoe 
themselves, they are alwa^\*s 
striving to edge Iq their rela- 
tions. There is nobody, rich 
or poor, who does not know this 
well. He, or si^e, wlio first gets 
in and finds good picking, in- 
stantly calls the relations to par* 
take, as naturally as a hea 
clucks Itpr chickeos to iter whea 
b he has found any thing good 
for them to eat. la proof of 
tliis we, m this couptry^ neei|, 
oi^ly opeA our eyes* No sooner 
did Addingion (now SidanoutU) 
who had been, a mere sessions* 
lawyer, get into t^e Treasury, 
tlian lie clucked in brother 
lliley, brotlier-in^law Bragge, 
ijis own son, Golding, B^d, 
dud every creature belonging to , 
him. Mr. Caiming clucked in 
Mrs. Hunn and Miss Hunn. 
Huskisson clucked in his wife. 
What has Castiereagh and what 
has Liverpool clucked ia, good 
God 1 Whoh JmUlies of c/wY- 
dren Ijave ,been ducked in by 
some* Six or seven children at 
once. Look at . thc^ *' Peep at 
"the Peeri :" look at that, Mr. 
Attorney«<}eneral, and blush at 
your proof of Ih^ pmfitr W ^<^* 
garni over the Q^en I He will 
say^ that it has been tbe Kni4^*s 
^plemur^ to settle |ftei^NOiia on 
uinumerable relations of men in 
plaee and power at diOSerent , 
times. And is not a Qneett to . 
exercise her flea^ure as well as 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


hTTCfickkY''^kM^it*n Speech. 


a KJi>^iB'lo'^>'«''^^'^^ h\H pleasure." 
Loot at the ''Pe^ut fh^ Peerk," 
' aiid you Will ftnd, tliat the coiiru 
Ikvoiwites, Who f6cd tfpbn us, 
ate not c<inlent to cluck roiuid 
theiii molherg, HiHters, and 
(irdth^ra, 'You wiU* find/ that 
ifiey havel^asteuetl upon \is, 
undes, mmU, coiHins/ t-clatirtnft 
near and jTslalU, frdrii the Iburth 
lo the h'ktk dt'^ree ; \^tfe'i re!a- 
Hian« : wife's brother's Wife's 
relatione ; daci^htcr':^ lilisbahd't 
relations, in short, we afe sad- 
dled with sUeh tribes as' never 
were seen, Except of the Chilr 
dren of IsrM, Look at the 
'^Peep At the P^eTs/' under 
the' "words, fTerlfbrd'^ Liverpooif 
WpMlmarelqnd , Ldiidonderr^, 

* BalcarroM , ' BtU uf^rt , ' L*i n dcr- 
Jttif^ ^^ Sidney I Gordon, IVeltes- 
Ittf.'Wahrford - tfAd; in short, 
166^ iVito any P^e of Che vf brk : 

it #as1n the Atfortiet-Geitef al4o 
ci ta \h is i n trodiictiin o f Bei"ga- 
mf» ftimtti/ m a proof of his^ 

' ^osse:»sinj^'' over the 'Qtteen a' 
power fouoded on ari llHtit in- 
tpfcoifrse witfi'bet Majef^ty. 

, Mt wjlt be ob-^rvedj tliaC the 
*Qiieeii'a *kUtiation \Vas a very 

^?>Vig*|ilar dric/' She vVas itot only 
""ni & for etf ^11 country f' \i\ii, as 
she khe w wel I , she was li v i n^ 
amidst V;/ie«, and, as she had 
but too ^dbd' reason to suppose, 
was ^posed to ev^^ bodily dan- 

,\k^^- H was, therefore, very 

I, tiafiinjK' that 'she 'Should draW 
round'' Per a partFcutar fdmtlV, 

* aTnongst \vhoni' she found, whe- 
'thcr troni motives of Interest or 

uot, a disposition to he obedient 
'and faTlhfut to her. ' She, the 
'Alioruey-Qehcfal says, ^prefet^ 

red tfiii'Ber^ami family before 

Enf Hsh gt^ntlefHon and ladie* of 
education . while the Berg^fnis 
were wholly -unedfi<*ated. This^ 
last miiy he asr false as the rest 
of the story ; but, if true, what 
ground of - cihArg'e is here? 
lliottgh they might not have 
been bred in cotirtB/lhey might 
be milt*h"more agreeable and 
instnlctivc tjompanfons' 'than 
courtiers ; and much " more 
likely to he fmfhf^d too. ^ Mr. 
Alderman Wood and His f^milv 
arc not cotir tiers : bnt whOiPirih 
say that they are not more 
T^wthy of tlie society and confi- 
dence "of the Que en than at*? the 
heroes of the ''Peep V* Re- 
collect, that it -was a pt>H^ed 
court rert who tendered the mo- 
ney undr littered^ the threat at 
Bi. Omers. The fiimily of Ber- 
g-atni-.mig-lil be, add f dare say 
w^as, composed of very aj^e- 
able and' useful ptrjtons. 'The 
Queen was n^«^rely pissingaway 
her time inr Italy ; and, it Was 
perfectly natni'al for hef ttf pre- 
fer the sodety of, ^^rsons, 
amons^t ' whom she- could live 
without that testfaihtatid for- 
mality which she mUs%have\>b^ 
served amongst courtiers. 

So that, even suppomig what 
the Attorney-Oeneral ^avs to be 
true with regard to tlie low 
birth ot Berg^ami's ^mily; here 
Is no proof at all of his power 
over the Queen. But) tbtTe is 
a child introduced! 'A' second 
child. AAd tile Attorrtey^^J^ne- 
Tai soems m ythh to ttavfe ft be- 
hevid; that this child was realty 
the Que&n*ft. Tbe child warf. he 
siiys, in the aummer of 1^16/ 
abont'tvvo or threfc y«*ars oW ; 
so t!mt, if t^iis was*the QT3t6en*s 
child, she nitist have had it, it 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


Answer to the 


' least, a y^ar and a . half before, 
4the left England^ and, of course/ 
twfore she saw Bergami ! . We 
kiiow* Uiat, upon reflecti^ti, 
siich an idea i^ust appear mod- 
$trou8, j but his bt^jness was to 
previ'iU reJli'ctio7f^ f to blcbeJuH 
her, Majesty in sufh a.Way, thaV 
noohe s]K)uld take time to roT* 
fleet ^n the subjpct. To assert 
al^ manner of evil things of her, 
and.ToaTe those assertions to 
work upon the pablic mind in 

. pr^paring^ the way for her de- 

. .struction. 

Maliifnityt however, - some- 
iimcA vvoik^ n^aiust itself; and 
Ihnl has been the ease here ; for^ 
oJ' all the persons oi the drama^ 
thi:j Ifttlo squating^ lady, of pi^y 
thrc^ ye^''^ old/M^rves the cause 
of pi^r?i£iciilioii thL» least. The 
Attorney-Gijuenil tells us, that 
Ber^'-nmi h'^u^hl this his child 
to the Queen. What^iah is not 
ready enoiigrli to s^ftew his pretty 
chlldrL^n, nad what man does 
and think hh own the pt^ttiest 
in the world? BusTdes, he might 
naiundly boi>e, that the Qi^eoh 
would da &otiLcihinr in the way 
c^prutndtiLg fur ike child, espe^ 
einlly as be mu?it have' known 
her Ibndne^s for Qhitdron, bc- 
, c^HiiQ it h impQj^Hiblie, that he 

, should not have found out the 
history of Utfte Adsim, Thus, 

. theii/as fi father, h\S conduct 
was perfectly natural; it be- 
spoke a mani of sense, and one 
anxious to get a good provi- 
sion- for his family. .But, as a 
l(wcr, ,as a parftm<n/r, his con- 
duct was the moiit unnatural 
. tliat ever was heard of. Could 
thjs mun, this kj»en and clever 
maA>/ possibly oelieve that he 
should gain in the aflections of 

iiis mistpo^s by ptUtiog* into, her 
arms a child that be had had 
bj^ another woman? Childrcta 
are called the ptedge$o/ldre; 
but was it ever before heard of 
in this world, that a' lOver made 
bis court by bVinging to his rtkis* 
tress a child that iie had bad by 
another w^onian I ' " 

Nevertheless, the Queen is, 
in order to keep up the exhi- 
Vition, said,* by. the Attorney- 
General, to have been very fond 
of, this child; exce$ftit>dy fo)id 
of it; that she called it pHn-> 
c€8%, and that the child not only 
called her ftiama, but cried after 
her when she left it, preferring- 
the Queen, to W nurse. All 
this 1 can easily helicve, thon^ 
€oming from the lips of the At- 
torney-General.. It shews bow 
fond the Que^n is of children, 
which,, indeed^ was well known 
before. Every father and mo* 
ther knows how punning the 
little creatures are. Theydiar 
tihguisli, even at six mdhtlis old* 
persons Ibnd of children from 
sifch as are not. Their sagaci- 
ty in this respect is quite aur- 
prizing. I have observed it,, 
and remarked upon it, a tlion« 
sand times. The Queen is one 
of the persons who are exoe6-» 
sively fond of little ehlldfen ; 
and, let me ask, what, in wo- 
man or than, can be. a mocB 
amiable trait ? % 

Thus, upon the suppositioa^ 
thait the Qu6en had no improiper 
feelings towards Berganii, She 
conduct of both was natural aod 
consistent; but, if the Attor* 
ney-Generars assertions were 
true ; then the conduct of both 
vVas a" monster in human i^a- 
ture.' There i^ scarcely one of 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Attohney-General^s Speech. 


iw. eacoept, perhapa,the Altor- 
fioy-GenoraU who has not, first 
j(>ria^U ^eu m love; and, did 
jit.e>'er.Qnter iaiootir hearts or 
7 9^ud& Xo be dpating^ly .fond of a 
vpersoo, and, attiie same time, 
, excessively fond of a child that 
thatpersoQi^d liadby another? 
ViKLDiNG says, that» wlien a 
,>\YipmaQ is fond of a man, and 
especially when she has had the 
possession of him, '* §he will fo 
-aboi^ half way to hell, to pre- 
vent another from particlpatiog- 
wUH her.*' Nothing' can be* 
truer thaq. this; and will she, 
then,' do. any thing to keep her 
•constantly in mind, that another 
woman has participated with 
her? Tliis Government-Iii^aw- 
>'er, this Ex -officio Geutieman, 
jepi^sents the Queen as fonder 
x)f Berg-^mi. tlNin ever, woman 
before was fond of man ; so ex- 
•cessively doating' that she lost 
all seiiae of every other consi- 
4lerakion4 and he. wishes us to 
beliere, tbat this^doating wo* 
luan^ while shd was te^y to 
Jki^f t^ ground that this man 
waited, i^pon, was almost equal-- 
i§ fand' of the fledge of hUf 
^annexion ^ith anotliev woman ! 
This is too monstrous to be 
believed. It is a thing, which 
cannot be true. It is against na^ 
ture.^ To believe it is to give 
human nature the lie. And are 
we ig give human nature the 
Jje rather than reject the asser- 
tions of the Ex-officio advocate 
and tbe swearings of his Italian 
witnesses? This great fondness 
for the . child was^ wholly incom-> 
patible with the asserted fond*^ 
.ness for the father ; and, if we 
were, for one moment^ to sup* 
pose, that the taking and the 

adopting of, the child were 
proofs of Rergamt's p\)u:er otcr 
the Queen, why should we liot 
ascribe a fit mi tar power to the 
father of liltle Aunimf which 
fiUher is, I believe, a ptnatoner 
at Greeuwieh! 

-- But the Queen gave the Ber- 
gamis tt/i eatate. Why not? 
She did not place them on onr 
pen^iion-liitt ; sKe gave what she 
gave out of her own savings. 
And, what more proper Jind 
just th%ia to make the future life 
ea^y of a man and his family; to 
whom, probably, in that cut-* 
throat country, besot as she was 
by spies and rufiians, she oiced' 
her veri/ life? We are told, .t^iat 
Bergami's bed-room was always 
near hers ; and, we shall fttiid, - 
that there wasr a very siiftick4il 
reason for this ; far, \i ilhotit a 
gvxird, she wotild Imve bei*n 
dead and buried long and lotig 
ago. When a man/ci» u fiver 
in our pay, cotild get Into her 
house, and break open her 
•drawers, who will bclii^ve* that 
a nightly giiard of her person 
was not nece^:ary? Hhe felt 
gratitude' to the man, who hud . 
so long and faithfull v served her ; 
and she gave an esfate; that U 
to say, a sort of fcrrm t Our 
government h^ given Welling*^ 
ioH a fhrm that has cost u^, 
seven hundred thousand pounds, 
besides pensions of more -than 
twelve thousand po^md^ a-year* 
The services of Wellington to 
us are not to be coDnpared to 
those of Betganii to the Qoeea. 
Tbe services of the f^mer are 
doubted by thousands, while 
il^ose of the latti^r were real and 
nndoubted. That famous, man, 
Sidmouth, has an estate too. He 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 




, has ^*fHdti^*e hnd tiie u^e of a 

royal ^lark, Th^t gallant chmf, 

J, ^Uie -Sometime lover of 3/r*- 

'^fDlarkei hai aho an ei^taie, pntut- 

j.ed out ofliiiids which were pub- 

^ lie property. But* good God t 

Oaiy think of tbe Immense ^ima^ 

.^»iirill(»we(Lnp by fumUies, to no 

t. V mfimber of whom tuny s^ryKC 

. fi&n her traced ; and tljeii think 

. .fOf a , farm ^ given to Berg^mi, 

"Jbfting a proo/ of kh 

^^0b^ufe jmwer ohvr the Qnten, 

' ^tfud .thi:^ power ascribed to his 

J » crimiiJAl comiexioa with her 1 

^, 'Ho ^' e v*; r, ai5 to h \& power omr 

^ihe Qmen* the fact not on!y ho- 

^4;oiiae^ glaringly false, but the 

<very idea riiiicuious, when w c 

. , IcM&k at other pary of her Mi^jes- 

.. ly*# cottduet, which are matters 

'\]^pf-.ptii*lic jiutonHy* First, ob- 

*^*fiiarve,. that Bergami wa^s anxi- 

*y0iisiQ^gk^% hii* family ^hoitt th^ 

H^jQtteen. To get .Jiiem in to he 

.„ Kvinir , upon her. ,To^ gel them 

^^ .to t^re bugely in th^ pickings,; 

.'.^.pand at Jftsl fie ifol an estate, from 

. tier. Thus*; then ♦ he was ap^ri- 

^^ ouM to fcntich kim'^plf^ This* is 

^ i.r(a|3re*eiited to n§, by the Attor^ 

i liiif^^T ' P ^^^^ i' ^' ^ *^f*d ly , oh - 

'I^^^W^ ^^ are Wld.that bis poW- 

' »€? ver the Queen was absolute ; 

. Ihat^&lie^ humblvi) herself iq all 

^ ..^Ii«ii0erof wa^'K tq gtatify him ; 

^Ihat 5ihe jeveii \pim4ed his 

. ' , cl^hej! ; ond Jh shorty was ready 

ri(jj jio aiiy thin^,, even to the 

wa^hin^ of hb 5!iirt and , the 

Wat^UiMi^ of his fchoes. This is 

fti*^ picture which b given lis of 

„ , ief S.ubm i»u o i\ to his w 1 1 1 . ^ pa- 

> nieA .^j>g ^" at ne^'cr , aiore , st^b' 

mimvc tQ.hi^j'tDastef than our 

p Queen i^as to this .Beryami,^ 

Xhirddy#i>h?eFve, Uiatrtheftueesi 

^nd jfiounds,a year. from En^- 
lund ;Which<;in0^eyi ifihe ortfaer 
parts of. the ^tory.w0re triie ; 
w hiiih. ;iioiiey , , (nuxty i^ ib^ ,ftot 
of his. pQv/er oyer ]t{ie Q^d 
wf^re toot a'lje^ w^ jost spniiich 
ntoney placed at the^ abi^^xte 
disposal pf'BprOT"*i'"^^oiiirtMy, 
observe, then; ttiat he 4td not 
take this mon^y ttb h|inselj(; that 
he did npt lay it oiit iijpon e^Utes 
in Italy ; but ,^li^t he, who, 6ne 
would " injtve thought, would 
h^ve liked tr«yidti;ig* no better 
than a foptniiiih'likes to whet 
knives, chose to. lay 'Jthi^. money 
out in lopg mud wear^^ome jour- 
neys about Ualy,.intO'thci' Aus- 
trian jtertitpries, tkroi^h Oer- 
many, over the Alpr ; .aiidi in 
tiresome, fa,tig^iiig ,aiiid c|ang:er- 
oui^ voyages. by ^a I is notthis 
a moitttJt^usaiippQsttion? Mbid, 
the money ^as kis ; it waa^his 
choice that was to be, IbllWed ; 
it was( his tasft^Wat' was td be 
cotMuUed;l/he. hiad 'aboui'^m 
a fondlipgviJ^Aian that 'Mras 
a mere w'orm (iiJdef .his foot^'knd 
he ctioiose^ ^viefal' titoes td/^m- 
hark pii boatd^EiiigRsn .It^fei of 
war ; be cfiodsei/t^'^ilWtlie 
i^land^i^theMbdileiTlai^^, he 
chooses to 'sail' io; t^6; Eatbary 
coast ; h^'bhogse^to^ puifeliase a 
polacre^ ta^-tb sail iyFtKfai most 
uncotRfoftHble $ortt>f^yMcit from 
pert to pdrt^fkH^m island to isljuid, 
anndstall sbrte^Tii]06nvi^iliistoces 
and perils; he;cl^jD0ieS"t6\^visit 
antientjG^eee^^a&d ^t^ go-^ven 
to Jei;u;mlenr.tQ se^ tAe ti^iks oi 
that;<)nce;£au^iptis^6ity/ to View 
the $pot wfiere .the'' temple of 
Solomon 8tck>d,'iapd'tq visit the 
sepiilchre*of;/eisus,<3hristVa low, 
itlit;ei^te,'' vulvar •tnjiitied-wcou- 
tier, who JiKB befei! tfaVf harrass- 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




ed to Jeath a few years be lb re 
iti Bu<jiiaparttrs Ru$3*ian cajti- 
paigTi: y6a,.t4ib man chooses to 
spend tWriv-five thousautl 
poundB a year in this manner, 
Iipng it out u|)on atLeiidants, 
upop tnD-licepera^ upon cap taui±» 
ai* ctews ^f ves^s, gpon ca- 
mels^ glides/ and God kno\v$ 
what^ instead of ke©pin§f it to 
hiiiMielf^ living at a &nug house 
m ilie Milano^j whicfi^ by the 
We, I the Queen must Imve best 
Imedy too, and pnrehHsin^^ cs- 
tatc$ 'tiji th^^y swelled out into 
piincipahtie^ I Every tong-uf 
witl exclaim ; every unbribed 
tongrue; every Hnpet}ured mau 
will exclaim, thin U a lie ! 

Th^ A, can it pos5i4>ly be be- 
lieved tha-t it waa iiis desire to 
expend the money in this way ; 
aadyet, if it ,waj» not his desire, 
it wis the Qqeen's destre; as 
if nnque&UoDahly was. Look, 
thfui, at her jonrnies and. her 
voja^es. Read the list of places 
tiiirt {j|ie visited. All that is ve- 
iterabk in antiqnity ^ all that is 
rare in art and in nature ^ atl 
that ponid tend to enlarge and 
enricl^ the mind ] all were 
fiianlrestiy the objects of her en- 
quiry and her pursuit. Let me 
a:^, then, whether a mind could 
havp been so occapied, and be, 
al the same moment, sunk into 
the lowe&l and fiithicHt enjoy- 
meats of the lowest and moht 
filthy sen>suality ? Would a v^^o- 
intn, abandoned to lustful en- 
joyments^ havi? encountered fa* 
%ues Hud perils almost e^ery 
Hay of her life for a serieK of 
\ijurs, and that, too, for the ma- 
nifcji^t puriM^&e of storiijg her 
mi ud -m 1 1 h k no w ledice i % b ul d 
ioch a woman have spent her 

luoaey and her flui«? in viliithip" 
Athoofi, Ulica, and Jemsalefrt- T 
W'ould a wonian so lost to all 
sense of cvety thing- hut merii . 
crlfriiiial lu^t ; would sucH a Wo- 
man have spent her time artd 
encountered contiiuial peril' for 
the sake of acqUiriUg a know- 
ledge of countries artd' 6t. tfie' 
relics of antiquity ? 1*0 iTefie^^ti' 
this is utterly ijiilposi^ilble ; and', 
yet we must believe iMs orW- 
lieve the Attbfrtey-Geoeral to 
he the most viperous sfander'ef 
that ever operied- a pair of Up?;. 

Observe, a^ain, that the At- 
torney-General tetli OS that this' 
power of BcfgfHrai o^'er the 
Queen, and (M>nsefiUenfty the li- 
centious and foul iufei^ourse bc^- 
tween them, continued ftp to 
the time of her Majesty's dopar- 
ture from .^t. Omefs for Erig*- 
land. Now then, behold a wo^ 
mail sunk in sensuality, lost to 
every feeling of honoui' and of 
shame, doatin^ upon a man, 
clingingr round him every nigfht 
and lolloping Upon him evety 
day I caring" for nothing rn the 
whole world but {ot the enjoy- 
ment of the person of this man : 
behold this woman thus sunk, 
thus posscs^sed, uport the hard 
reading of an English news- 
paper, by which she finds that 
the king is dead and that het 
name is left out of the Liturgy, 
writes instantly to the prime mi- 
nister, rembustraies With him 
upon the injuslice of such omis- 
sion, and requests thai her name 
may be instantly pat into trhe 
, mouths of the English peof>te ill 
tijeir prayer. This we know ft* 
ht* a fart ; a^id this simple fact 
gives the lie direct to »11 the 
diiigusting representation cff ft- 


d by Google 


Answer to tub 


'ceiitiousnc^s, and lo all tfae base 
^tttjiipld to riiake us believe that 
Berganii ^o^tso^ed an absohite 
|>ovvcr over her. If he had pos- 
sessed ihal alisblute pov/er; if 
she had been the niehder of his 
clathe^s »nd wor^c than his spa- 
niel dog-, would she eVer have 
wrilten thai letter f Thfe Attor- 
ney' -Generti I sjiys that she saw 
with none bat his eyes. '\VonId 
he. a Homari Catholic, huvd suf- 
fered iitf to write that letter? 
"^oiiid he have cared a straw 
iibout the Liturgy, the Church, 
Iho Crown* or about England 
iUeir? Would he have cared 
«ibout ttnx ihiug but the money ? 
and comd any thing- in the 
world have be^ so contrary Jo 
liii natural wishes as for the 
Queen to do or to say any 'tlinig; 
tending* in tfa^ mostclistaot de- 
Ijrree to the removal of h^r for* 
t(iine ont of his cfutches ? '^o 
believe that the Queen and that 
Ker^mi could Imve thus acted 
with r^g^rd to the Liturgy lit 
the same fime that they were 
living in tite ^late which the 
Attorney-General has described. 
Is imposiible ; and yet we ninst 
shallow this impossibility, or 
tho Attorney-General Is the vi- 
lest of Wanderers. 

We know, too, that the mo- 
mehi her Majesty heard of the 
Kingr's death, she resolved on 
'her return to England, This is 
a fact well known. We have 
the word of Mr. Alderman 
Wood for it; for to him she 
wrote to sehd her a vcsse) to 
Leghorn to brin<>' her home 
Fronf thiis time forwards, all was 
impatience on her part to return 
t*) England. These are well- 
k^wn facts: These i^cr^t not 

upon the assertions of an Attor*- 
ney General nor upon the swear- 
ings of Italian witnesses, brought 
fonvard by the Solicitor, of the 
Treasury. >'otv, then, look bnc* 
more ; aisgustirtg as the pfetiine^- 
Is, look once-mdre, at the sl4W-' 
dcrous and widced description' 
given of th^ QUe^n by the At* 
tomey General. There she was, • 
living in all the luxurious enjoy- 
ments of tlebauchej^y. She was* 
iU' the arms of a Yhan that' she* 
doated tipon. She was lost, 
totally sQnk and' gone, as to- 
tvery thing but this man. Vtbhr 
this man she mhst sepiirate if lihe^ 
came to England ; and yet; ahe 
istc^sfng her frrend^ to death to' 
get her back to that very Erig-i^ 
land. And at last, her impa- 
tience becomes so great, that 
amidst a host 'of dillieuHres and 
dangers, she encounters a jour* 
ney enotr^h to half IriM a stou^ 
man in ordt?r to do that wD!ck 
must necessarily separate* •tiijr 
from heir, parataonr.-^ As "IT ihis 
were not enough for u« to lie- 
lie ve, we must further bel?i*vcy 
tnat this all-powerfiil paramour,., 
who was very fond of enriching 
his family, not only gave liia 
consent to her departure, but 
still served Tier as one of the per* 
sons necessary to the success of 
the expedition, and became him- 
self instrumental, inseriding away 
from himself the sntn of at 16ast 
thirty-fivB 'thousand pounds a 
year! This is all true: ^very 
word of it is tr^e ; or, thfe slate* 
ment of the Attorney General is 
an im[^ndent and atrocious heap 
of felselioods. 

At l{ist, the Queen actualty 
arrives at St. Omers, and if any 
m>n ean believe : no, 1 i^Hf fi€t 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


Attorney CrEKERAt's Si>£i£cff. 


1^1 \i ii) ilmt shape : if any man 
qpinjook b% what passed there ; 
and fft^r having* looked at ft 
folly aii4 f^dy can deny that 
tbp\ statement of the Attorney 
General is a fttbehood, such man 
nra^l be a patignaiit and blaek- 
bearted villain. Before, she ar- 
rived at St Om^rs, there mi^ht 
possibly.e^t doubts, in her micd , 
or rather in the mind of Berga- 
mi, for, you will observe she saw 
only wUh bts eye« : there might, 
1 say^. pqsftibly exist doubts, 
previous to this time, as to whe- 
ther the same sum of money 
¥KNild bo (urmshiMUher atniMially 
if she did not return to England. 
This is almost impossible ; but 
it is possible. However, when 
Am arrived at St Oniers,. and 
^cffgaipi with her ; not only was 
all doubt of this sort remove, 
hut they found that they could 
noi(f have the security of fcceiv- 
lag ifty tbouffiuid pounds a vear 
instead of the thijty-five .thou- 
Mund pounds a year which they 
received before. They found, 
on the other hand, that if the 
Queen persisted in coming to 
England, she was to be pro- 
secuted by this tremendous Qo- 
vemm'ent, and, if found guilty, 
deprived of all maintenance for 
the future, and probably of life. 
. Yet in the face of all this ; with 
consciousness of guilt, the Queen 
instantly resolves to come and 
face her enemies ; while, with a 
certainty of losing fifty thou- 
sand pounds a year, the interest- 
ed and all-powerful paramour 
suffers her to hasten to the Eng- 
lish shore 1 Any thing so mon- 
strous as this was never before 
tendered for the belief of man ; 
any tiinig bo out of reason, ^uid 

of nature; any thing so com- ' 
pletely impo^ble never was be^ ' 
fore stated in the way even of^ 
hypothesis. And yet, this mon^ 
stroos absurdity ; this tiling out 
of reason and out of Yiatnrc; 
these tacts," t^ believe all Whkh* 
we must, befieve the parties to 
have hated themselves ; even 
all this we must swallow and 
believe to be true, or we must' 
believe the statement iff <ho- 
Attomey-Gbnerar to be a lie. 
T6 reason fillrtlfer upod ttie s<ib- 
ject wo!:ilcf "be irksome tomy-f 
self and offbnsite to the Under- 
standing of niy readers, who 
will long ago have etetaimed; 
'* say nip more : we are satisHed ; 
" the Qaeen is innocent and 
*' her accusers the baisest of ek* 

Let tfjose acetisers n^w woHt 
their way. They think thaf by* 
sending forth dafty p^tfoi^s of 
swearings from the •foi'tress, 
they shall, by Uttto und Jittle, 
wear away the honert indigr^ 
nation of the public. They aro 
deceived. Tliey have this time 
over-reached themselves; and 
they will find to their cost, that 
though they have been able to 
gag the mouths and crafnp the 
fingers of Englishn#^ji, they 
haye'Qot made one nngle step 
towards blunting their fveling^, 
towards enfeebling their minds ' 
or corrupting their hearts. It 
has always been a distinguish- 
ing characteristrck of the people 
of this country, to sympathi^ 
with tlie oppressed, alid to lend 
assistance to tfie weak in tlieir 
l^truggles against the strong. 
And this character will now be 
displayed in protecting against 
her enemies a Queen, ^ho&e 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

4<m Answer t%. .in*. ATT/Mtf»inHG^^WW'> Si>B«CB. ^ 

upQn this ovciwiion, bp tf^i)}| <oJ 
it^'lf, and v^il^ slaii^ ifjf he> 

and valoar (iip wl^icti tfjpjfj^'^lf, 
mays been rii|}|9ti^ '! ' , 

only F«al r&ultfi ai^ tiet fca«T^^ 
!*tl3s ber lova ot tlie poople and 
hfiT hftU^ of IvDmny and dp- 
[nos&iufk. Her Majesty has^ 
exm m^hftt travels tttwi voyag^ci* 
in her pupiuili, while ahrowl, 

w<»cUiy of tho highest atimira- 
tl^ti< Notbing but g^fttne&s of 
taiwd: nothing but a JuifKl 
worthy af a Qa«^u, worthy, of 
^ woman placed abov^ olbor 
wom^n ; noihin^ but this could 
Ikove produced a de^li^ to^ ^e^ ^o 
many countries and ^o acq turq i?o 
largi li stock of Vuowlcdg^i 


. This work is jsold at?Ko. ^«8^ 

Str^■L<^l^pi«a /f^»£rN]WMe.-r A* 

mi^t^pilt^tioti as t^ 1^ ndfA ot 

.^g,^ « «^.^- -^ ^.-^ y , priol^and paper, led to \k^9^ 

Bill her bafte oiiemies, instead of ^ ^ ^j^^ ^^^^^ printed fi>fi 009^ 

p<p|i^^,^— U contains as itfiie^aa cf ^. 
httmdred fiagc§ »f co^runQjQ^JTfa^ 
iaaa octavD formp-^lffcwvWfiA 

j][»miTig in tlie admiration which 
thife is *o well onlculated %o ex^ 
cite, m^nk to havq received an 
additionul »tock of hatred from 
th£ source of t he «ipf tiutS0 and a|l- 
luiraiion of othori. T!i« Qtic^tJ'i^ 
^haractef and conduct am an 
' boHour to the countiiy. T^hey 
ai«t too. a yfom\m of a pm- 
nihility of 0ur b«em^ bettor 
days;, and^ whatever hor mm- 

^very wan ©u^ht, nVM IliiMH 
to luAVC in liif l^ottse.TT-L^yS* 
octtsp have ikitt m Qi|r Jiptn^lK^ 
and, they may makof^^E^wi^^rw 
«Afp law «^ soon &s Ihey pHjco^; 

Digitized by •CjOOglC 


V0L.17.-..N6.7.3 LOK0ON, SATURDAY, S.rr. 2, 1980. [PrJceM 


A Letter pr^enting her with 
It^formation, and most httm* 

, bly teTutering her Advice as 
to certain Important Mat' 

London^ S7th August, \9S0. 
May it pikasb tour Majksty, 

Occupied* as your Majesty's 
miod must be, ynib the jne^' 
sttFM Deeeasary iQ your^eieofe 
a^nB|t tb^foul charges bajfccbed 
by your enemies, it must ioevi- 
tahiy fioUow that you still re- 
- main uninformed as- to many 
.things^ to be vfM acquainted 
*yi^ which deeply concerns 
. you; isiid^ also, that you stand 
^in need of being cautioned in 
^me against new contrivances, 
. new iaventions, new traps, the 
. objeci of which will be to pre- 
vent youtfcom 4oriving full be* 
nellt /rein the victory which 
. you will certainly aAiieve. 
; Tour Ifi^esty is embarked, and 
, JSiaklog part, in a t^^rrible ^on- 
Tft«t on a tEou|»lec| s^i|. .Your 

attention is too much engaged 
by the perils that (urfound jou ; 
you are necessarily too much 
absorbed by the feefiHgt inse^ 
parable from your situation, to 
take a clear and calm .view of 
oi^eets %l a distlpaOe, and to eal-/ 
c4lat0, with any dsgnee of pre*- 
oision, upon what 4s IHcely tm 
come after tbe oonfltet m over/ 
To humble iedivjdnila like 
myself, who stand aa A|>oata^ 
tow upon the shore ; who fed ' 
•trongly f<K your Majesty, but 
whotie Urajdt of'pew^, Whose 
bum))le mean$, and UiUt itoee 
hdmUe abilities, nofttra^ its 
from bttemf ting $0 td» jpart in 
the dncadful stru^gktvito^^iB it 
belong^ to refi^et^er^'iv^hat is 
passing, ou whi^d^, likely to 
ck)|Ae to pa^s ; on prescsnt pitis- 
pects and on /uture cc|p£^gea- 
cies ; and tiitK,io mk that'#aft- 
ty which the huhiblei^ess of oar 
station secures to us ; io use that 
safety in dtg^ting, for year 
Maj^y's gracious cdnsid^- 
tion, such iniormation as we 
think likely ta be useful, and, 
in , the true spirit ef ob(« 
dient and fejtbiul suifa^ts^ to 

Prinred and pubUsh^Jti by W» Benbow. 260. Stranfl. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To Her Majesty. 


tender to your Majesty such ad* 
T^ as we tliink likely to be 
eondacive to the good of your 
Ml^j^ty, and to the safety^ ho- 
Dour, ^ and dig^nity of that 
throne^ of which your Majesty 
is so well calculated to be, at 
once, the support and the or- 

It is one of the great advan- 
tages of the press, that it en- 
ables those] who never could 
hope to approach their Sove« 
reign in person, to approach 
Jiim in a manner little less ef- 
fectual. The press in this 
country has been greatly 
shackled, but still it lives ; 
and to destroy its effects, the 
thing itself must be totally 
destroyed. The press brings 
every man capable of making 
use of it, at once into the pre- 
sence of the person who is ad- 
dressed through this channel. In 
this w^ I have the honour now 
to stand before your Mi^jesty ; 
and, with all humility and sin- 
cerity, with unobtrusive zeal 
and with a mind free from every 
interested bias, I tender to your 
Majesty the result of much re- 
flection upon matters in which 
ypu are deeply interested. 

First, it becomes me to notice 
the impression, which the pro- 
ceedings in the House of Lords 

have produced upon the public 
mind. 1 was very early in proN 
mulgating my conviction, thai 
it was principally upon the peo^ 
pie that your Majesty had to 
rest for protection. I was. 
amongst those who did them- 
selves the honour to meet their 
heroic and persecuted Queen on 
the top of Shooter's Hill. I, at 
that moment, waved a bough 
of laurel as your Majesty mount- 
ed the top of the hill, and at a 
distance of not many feet from 
your carriage. I had long been 
acquainted, and well acquaint* 
ed, not only with the persecu* 
iions that you had endured, but 
with the real causes of those 
persecutions. My feelings wero 
very strong at the moment to 
which I have alluded; but I 
observed attentively the im- 
mense multitudes whom I saw 
that day ; I discovered that all 
felt alike ; I knew that what I 
saw was a sample of the whole 
mass of the community ; and I 
concluded, that that whole com- 
munity would step forward, if 
necessary, in support of your 
Miyesty. Public opinion, not- 
withstanding all the laws that 
have been passed against Liber-^ 
ty of the Press and Liberty of 
Speech ; public opinion is stilt 
|>owerfuI in England; and» 

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SKPTEBfBER 9, 1820. 


Vlialever hopes may be entet- 
tained to the contrary, nothing 
great in point of importance; 
nothing permanent in point of 
duration, can pessibly be eflect- 
ed in opposition to- public opi- 
nion. Tyrannfcal acts may be 
perpetrated for a while ; foolish 
or wic&ed measured may be 
adopted ; bat, at last, these 
will be swept away and, public 
opinion will prevail. 

That opinion, as to the na- 
ture ef the proceedings com- 
menced against your Majesty, 
bas been loudly and decidedly 
expressed. Great ability and 
great zeal has been discovered 
by j'ourMajesty's eminent coun- 
sel; but even his astonishing 
powers, though quite sufficient 
to make his opponents and 
yoQr enemies hang their heads, 
would have been of no avail 
without the cheering echo of 
public opinion. He has cheered 
the public and the public have 
cheered him ; and, as far as the 
case has hitherto gone, a case 
more triumphant never present- 
ed itself to the world. 
Your Majesty's own conduct 
i has, however, been the great 
I p^ in this tempestuous sea. 
Your integrity, your firmness, 
I your promptitude, your undaunt- 
elcourfige; these have inspired 

us all with confidence, have? 
kept ourzeaf and activity alive. 
At every stage your conduct bos 
been marked with wisdom. Pnr 
tracing you from St. Omers^ 
where the crawling courtier 
first presented yo\Jt with a dou' 
eeur and next tried the power 
of a threat; in tracing your 
Majesty from tKat spot which 
will become renowned by j'our 
heroic conduct ; in tracing you 
from' that spot dowa to the 
House of Lords to face your ac- 
cusers in person, we see, in every 
act of your Majesty, some new 
proof that you deserve our love 
and admiration^ 

As to the proceedings them- 
selves, taken as a whole, they 
have disappointed us only in 
this, that, so many crafty men, 
employed for so long a time, and 
having sueh powerful motives 
to urge them on, should nothave 
made oulfa socbething clad in a 
little more of probability. Up- 
on any particular part of the evi- 
dence produced it i» not my 
business to remark, nor -would 
it be becoming to remark on it 
in a letter addressed to your 
Majesty. By the choice of your 
judges it has gone forth to the 
world ; and the world has al- 
ready passed its decision upon it, 

without waiting to bear one 
X % 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


To Her MAJcstY. 


liitgle word of what your Coan- 
sel have to urge in its , refuta- 
tion. The public, like aOraDd 
Jury, 'as already thrown out 
the Bill, even upon the ex-parte 
statement of your accusers. 

Still, th«re are a few points 
in the Attomey-GeneraVs charg^c 
against you, with regard to which 
it is right that your Majesty 
should be correctly informed of 
the public opinion. We have 
observed that he began his 
eharge on a Saturday ; that he 
finished it on the succeeding 
Monday ; and that, one single 
witness (a discarded servant of 
your Majesty), was enabled to 
occupy the rest of Monday, and 
great part of the Tuesday. — 
Here were three whole days for 
the Attorney^General's slander 
to sink graduaHy into the pub- 
lic mind, without a possibility 
of even a cross-examination to 
come forth to arrest the progress 
of this deadly poison ! I beseech 
your Majesty to note this cir- 
cumstance well. It is a circum- 
stance of great importance.^- 
It was, UfK>n the effect of 
this poison that your base ene- 
mies and calumniators count- 
ed for that redaction, which 
they had taken such uncommon 
pains to make the public be- 
lieve would be produced^ From 

the time of your Majesty's landr 
ing up to the day of the trial, 
these enemies had been pro* 
mising themselves a re-ac/teo ; 
and the speech of the Attorney- 
General, together with the evi- 
dence of the first witness, both 
of them drawled out to unpa- 
ralleled length, were intended to 
produce this ronaction. They 
failed of producing it. They did, 
indeed, produce a stagnaiing 
effect upon the public for three 
days; which, by the by > proved 
the honesty and sincerity of thai, 
public; but, at the end of the 
three days, the ti^e turned, and 
your enemies were overwhelm- 
ed with public indignation. — 
Never more \^ll those enemies 
see a glimpse of hope. ^ Their 
conduct now shows that Hhey 
have no hope ; and all that tbey 
expect is, that they shall be 
able to draw themselves off with 
impunity; which, if they effect 
it will be owing to that only 
fault of your Majesty, too great 
a disposition to forgive; but 
which fault, you have now been 
taught that it would be ex- 
tremely dangerous to indulge in 
for the future. 

The Attorney-General is not 
only a lawyer ef great ex- 
perience himself; but he had, in 
the preparing of his diaTjgr^^ 

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SfiPTKlf»E9i 2, IMO. 


juADj other lawyers abler than 
himseif to advise with and to 
prepare his eharg^ for him ; 
therefore^ we are, at first sight, 
surprised, that he should have 
asserted things, which he knew 
he could not prove, even by his 
^wn witnesses. But when we 
consider, that re-^icHon was the 
ol^ect of the charge ; when we 
eonsider that the charge was in- 
tended to turn the tide of pub- 
lic of»nion and to lay reason 
itfleep ; then our surprise ceases 
and we can account for the mon- 
stioQS fttlsehoods stated in that 
chargeu Of these monstrous 
ItUseboodfi, however, I shall par- 
tieulariy mention but one, and 
jUiat one is of so beastly a nature 
that I dare not speak of it in the 
loniis whieh he made use ot 

I aUude h^re to that part of his 
' charge, wherein he speaks of the 
exhibitions of . Leone. After 
deploring the painful situation 
in which he was placed: and 
the great difficidty with which 
he could bring himself, even in 
Ihe discharge of his imperious 
duty, to name the horrid thing 
that he was ^ about to name ; 
alter« in short, using every ex- 
pression <^ttlated to produce 
a belief that it gave him pai^ in* 
fijqiMr^sible to enter Qpoa «kt 
^i^^escsiKtioji; aftur ^iMs. 

he brought out the . beastly 
charge expressed in words the 
most beastly that ever flowed 
from a pair of beastly lips. He 
described the act performed be- 
fore ^our Majesty. He did not 
flinch; but brought fully out 
the filthy words; and, taking 
the whole of what he said 
together, it was next to im* 
possible for the public not to 
believe, that ^e must have had 
evidence to support the beastly 
description. Yeft, after all, when 
he brought his evidence, even 
that evidence attested- to no 
such a thing; a^id^lat horrid 
act which he h^dfScribed so 
minutely; that'- nasty, iM^astly 
act, his witnesses^ called A' 
BUFFOONERY ! In short, this 
act, the like of which never 
^as described before, even by 
two persons in private con- 
versation, dwindled, at last^ 
down into an exhibition as com- 
mon in tbe streets of Genoa, 
Rome, Naples, and even in Gib- 
raltar, as are the oxhi|^itions of 
dandng dogs and dancing bears 
in the streets of London. Up^n 
inquiry, vce find, that thia 
species of bu0»oiierj is so ee«sr 
laoD in baly as to lorm pari of 
the puUiediversioyl; and>Ja- 
.4i#<t> His wettk9<iw» Ik^.^ 
ojur^^^.bmffMW.temeJiMi (tei 

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Tq MfiR Majesty. 


eooDtry ; and wo know, besides, 
that this very species of balToon- 
ery has often been exhibited, 
not only in the travelling 
Theatres at fairs in England, 
but even in the Theatres in the 
Metropolis ! 

From one instance of this kind, 
we draw Inferences applicable 
to the whole series of charges ; 
and our conclusion is, and must 
be, tbat if your enemies could 
hatch a charge like this, Ihey 
would stopat nothing. 
• 'We have observed very -care^ 
fblly upon aH the previous ttr- 
rangements as to this trial .^— 
Every circumstance that has 
arisen during the trial, ha^ served 
to elucidate the motives for those 
previous arrangements. In this 
Itoode of pr6ceedmg against your 
Majesty, we have observed -aH 
the principles ef law, all 'the 
precautions necessary to the se- 
curity of tlie accused laid pros- 
trate ;'and we now see the rea- 
sons why thoy were laid pros- 
trafe. Your Majesty's heroic 
detemiination, as expressed in 
]^onr letter to 'the King, gave 
Katibfa^^lioti at* the time when it 
fine tMi theptiMlc eye ; but it 
inb^ g}^% inflniiely giieaiter sa- 
tilfacCibli. YOllr booties thoufiit 
4iMa^% t^ ^^ timeV They 
MbulUlAltii^lh^r gf9» poiw^ 

ers of ilelusion ; but time lias 
performed its usual task ; that is 
to say, tt has given a death-blow 
to falsehood. 

Your Majesty ongbt to bo in- 
formed, that every day adds to 
that love and admiration which 
the people felt towards you^ Me* 
jesty upon your first arrival ; and 
that it also adds to that unxious 
desire that has al wa^'s been enter- 
tained, that yourMajesty will sub- 
mi t to no compromise, let the ap- 
parent dangers be wbatthey way; 
that you will do no act w hich shaU 
seem to say that you decline the 
contest whatever may be tbe 
shape that it may assome ; bat 
thirt you will make a stand for 
the full possession and enjoyment 
of ' rft tmd ^very one of your 
rights as Queen of this kingdom, 
not bating, in the tmaUest par« 
ticular, of any one bf those 

Numerous are the clainw 
which yeur Majesty bas to onr 
duty as well as to our 'admira- 
tion and confidence. We are 
not a foolish people. We <le 
not shut onr ears to the things 
sworn against your Majesty ; %ut, 
when we recollect the swearings 
of ld06; when We rocoilect that 
there wore oa9h$ in abondanM 
to sQita^B the fklse al&d infismoos 
chatfe of pr$gnanojf, Miury 

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SErrrtiRER ^, l«-20. 


»nd giving* «Mdk; when we re* 
collect that there couldTbe foand 
wretches of Eng>lish birth bask) 
enough thtts to perjure them- 
selves in order to insure your 
destruction ; when wo recollect 
* this ; and that your great pro- 
tector and ^our child were then 
- alive ; when we recollect these 
things, we irhould be the most 
unjust and most cruel of human 
land if we could affect to rely 
^ipon any swearings against you 
1b ilie present case. We clearly 
see that this evidence has been 
gfot together for the purpose of 
Iceeping you out of the country 
or driving you from it. ^ We see 
^he proof of what your Majesty 
stated in your tetter to the King ; 
that his «WB Ministers at Foreign 
Courts, and that the Foreign 
Courts themselves, had been 
made agents in this horrid en- 
terprize ; and can we possibly 
believe ihat such uncommon 
puna would have been taken 
)f there had not been some un- 
commonly great object at sti^e ? 
By your Majesty's persecu- 
tions wc have been made at- 
<|uamted with your re^ charac- 
ter. Before this time, we re- 
g^arded you as persecuted, as 
vnjustly treated, as cruelly hunt- 
^ dowB. But, Antil now, we 
liid ttol know that iv« bad the 

honour to have for our Queen, 
a woman who had spent her 
money and her time in a pursuit 
after knowledge: we did not 
know that which we now do 
know, that your Majesty had 
travelled over a considerable 
part of Europe, part of Asia and 
part of Africa; that you had 
travelled by land, more than 
ten thousand miles; that you 
had voyaged, by sea, more than 
firteen thousand miles ; that you 
had sailed from, and entered, 
nearly ope hundred sea-ports; 
that you had visited more than 
two hundred renowAed cities 
and famous places of antiquity ; 
that you had witnessed and ob- 
served upon the religions, Uwt, 
customs, manners, arts, sciences ' 
and products of more than forty 
distinct peoples; that you liad 
been upon the land where tho 
Israelites were held in bondage ; 
that you had traversed part of 
the wilderness which they tM- 
Torsed under the guidance of 
Moaes ; that you had been to 
Jerusalem and visited tbe tomb 
of Christ ; that yon had visk«d 
every Island, and place wbecb 
the Apostles prcac|ied ; . tbal, 
during tfaeee travels aad voy- 
ages, you had voluntarily en- 
dured hardriiips, and encoimte*- 
eJ dangisfs irach as ao man 

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To HCR Mj^EtTY. 


without oompuUion ever before 
extdured and encountered ; thai, 
i» times of the greatest peril, 
when even the boldest sailors felt 
alarm, yoor Majesty never dis- 
covered fear; and, in additton 
to all these, we now know, that 
when your Majesty was in the 
Barbary States, you, to your 
immortal honour, employed your 
money as well as your powers 
of persuasion to obtain the 
liberty of numerous Christian 
slaves, and to send them home 
to their native country and their 
disconsolate friends. Your Ma- 
jesty's uniform kindness, bene- 
volence and generosity were 
weQ known to us before. But, 
it remained for your enemies to 
' make us acquainted with Uiese 
sitrikifig' proofii of your greatness 
of taind. In our laturgy, that 
Liturgy from which the name 
of your Majesty has been with- 
held, we particularly pray for 
the deliverance of captives, and. 
the prayer was instituted, too, 
fbr that particalar dMcription of 
captiTet, whom your Majesty 
t^nad ill the bands of the Bar- 
barians oC Africa. How well 
cBd* yon perform yoor duty ) 
How truly did you shew that 
you were a zealous Christian in 
deeds, toad not in words ! When 
. faose who advised yoor name to 

be left out of the Liturgy, reflect 
on this act of your Majesty, can 
they look back to their advioe 
without feelings of shanvd ! The 
captives whom you delivered; 
the parents, the wives, the chil- 
dren, the brethren of those cap- 
tives, vnll bless your name, and 
will hand it down with bless* 
ings to their posterity. And 
shall we. Englishmen and Eng- 
lishwomen, bo insensible to your 
great and glorious acts, while 
those- acts live in the heartfelt 
gratitude of foreigners ! 

Not to hold your Majesty in 
admiration would bespeak us to 
be a nation of the '* basest popu* 
" lace," aa Lord Castlereaoh 
described us to be. We are not 
guilty of this shameful want of 
judgement and want of feelingp. 
We are proud to be able to 
boast of owing duty to such a 
Queen, who is an honour to us 
as well as to her sex. All na- 
tions think they have a right to 
claim a share in the merits of 
their Sovereigns. We reflect 
with some degree of self-im- 
portance, that it was by the firuit 
of our labour that your Miyesty 
was enabled to perform your 
wonderful traveb and voyages. 
We take to ourselves some de- 
gree of merit for having earned 
that money by the sw^iit of oar 

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Sbptiimbkr St, 1890. 


brow^ which enabled your Ma- 
jesty lo acquire so large a stock 
of knowledge ; to do good to so 
luaDj human beings; to raise 
the humble and needy, and to 
s€t the captive free. Your Ma.- 
Jesty thus becomes closely iden- 
tified with ourselves ; and yon 
are naturally dearer to us, taking 
us as a whole people, than any 
other human being possibly can 

Then, when we reflect upon 
the smallness of the sum* with 
which your Majesty performed 
these great things, and compare 
it with the largeness of those 
soms, which others spend in lux- 
ury, frivolity, and in all sorts of 
debasing amusements and pur- 
suits, it is iuipossibie that the 
contrast should not strike upon 
onr minds with irresistable force. 
The whole sum allowed ie 
your Majesty annually was not 
the half of what is spent in se^ 
eretservicis ; it was little more 
than a half of what is still given 
to French and other Emigrants; 
anfl it was little more than a 
liaid of what is annually given 
.to the poor clergy of the enor- 
mously rich church of England. 
Q»e single sinecure office, which 
iias only recently been (fimiinish- 
J^d^ amounted to nearly as much 
Annually as your >Ii^ty had to 

expend in all your praise-worthy 
and magnificent objects and pur- 
suits; and there will be ex- 
pended in an attempt to do» 
grade your Majesty, more of our 
money than you expended in the. 
six years in the maintaining of 
your state, in the performing.of 
your travels and your voyages, 
in the acquiring of all that 
knowledge with which your 
mind must be enriched, in duly 
preparing 3'ourself, and render-^ 
ing yourself worthy of the ex- 
alted station which you were 
destined to fill ; and in relieving 
distress wherever you found it^ 
and taking the captives from the 
hands of barbarian^. 

This comparison is made, at 
once, by us without reflectioD. 
It strikes us without being 
sought for. It forces itself upon 
our minds; and, along with it 
comes the conviction of your 
Majesty's innocence. None but 
a great mind could have been 
engaged in such pursuits. None 
but a generous heart could have 
felt delight in the liberation of 
the captive, who had never 
been seen before by the bene- 
factressy and never Was to be 
aeen by her again. Here we. 
see true greatness .of mind; true 
nobleness of spirit ; here we se^ 
something vrortby. of being caU- 

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To Her ^ajesty. 


td Royal. How many names 
have found their way into the 
calendar of Saints for deeds less 
tnrty meritorious than those of 
your MajeJ^ty I • 

And> how then are we to be- 
lieve the vile accusations put 
forth against you ? How are we 
to believe that all this greatness 
of mind, all this nobleness of 
sentiment, were found in a per- 
son devoted to the most de- 
grading- of pleasures I Without 
more ado, we dismiss the vile 
charg'e ; wo say it is a base ca- 
lumny ; we gather ourselves 
round yonr Majesty and think 
oarselYos dishonoured for ever 
if we but for one single mo- 
ment suffer ourselves to be sus- 
pected of want of devotion to 
year cause. We are prepared 
for eVery extremity: we look 
not at little points of difficulty 
or of dangler : our determina- 
tion is founded upon a greneral 
\ievr of the matter : our hearts 
tell us tlrnt your Mjyesty will 
not be sacrificed, because we 
can see nothing to produce evil 
to yoii which must not necessa- 
rily produce evil to ourselves. 

According" to present appear- 
ances, your enemies have two 
dilKeuUies before them of equal 
magnitude. In the opinion of 
$ome persons, it would be less 
dangerous to those enemies that 
yoiir Majesty should T^o convict- 
ed Ihau that you should be ac^ 
quitted. For my own part, I do 
not know on which side the 
danger to them h greatest. Bikt 
(of one thing I am very certaio ; 
and that is, that nothihg will 
shake your Majesty in the love 
and adfhh^tion of the people, 
ineluding, in the wo^l people | 

I the whol^ of the efficient part 
I of the community. If the pro- 
secution fail> new intrigues will 
be attempted ; new endeavours 
to remove yom* Majesty from 
these protecting shores; eveti 
new calumnies will be invent- 
ed ; unless your Majesty reject 
every proposition of coropra- 
nise, and resolve, at onoe, to 
enter upon the fbll and complete 
enjoyment of all your rights. 

It is necessary that I speak 
plain here in print, having no 
other means of communicating* 
my thoughts to your Majesty. 
/ like very mvcn the greater 
part of the proceedings of the 
Meeting in MaryAe-bonne, — 
The noblemen and gentlemeo 
assembled there have done them- 
selves great honour, and all their 
Intentions are unquestionably 
good. But, there is one part 
of the proceedings, which I 
view with great suspicion ; not 
as to the motive ; but as to the 
effect. To raise a fiind to b^ 
presented to your Miyesty, 
would, in my opinion, if the 
money were received, have a 
very injurious effect. It would 
seem to say, that your Majesty 
had a reliance other than that^ 
which you ought to have on the 
justice of the whole nation. It 
would place your Miyesty upon 
a footing with some oppressed 
private individual, who has not 
the power to carry on a contest 
with the Ministry. It would 
seem to be an abandonment of 
your oivn rights ; which righte 
are clear and definite, aod witb^ 
out the enjcH^ment of whieh 
rights, your ftiajesty must bo in 
a state of degradation, wfaen^ 
eVet yotl cease to cu^'y on 'n 

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atraffgrle for them. To accept 
*0f support, deled out hj9L9€tof 
Trustees y however respectable 
•in themselves and however wor- 
thy their motive, would be a 
^reat humiliation of your Ma- 
jesty and a source of great ^rief 
to the people. You are the 
rightful Queen of the Kingdom ; 
that immen!>e sum, the Civil 
List, is granted, in great part, 
lor you. All its provisions and 
eatahlishments contemplate a 
^leen as well as a King. To 
\you they belong as much as 
they belonged to the late Queen, 
and, therefore, neither directly 
flof indirectly, ought any part 
^f them to be abandoned. 

It is an old maxim of poli- 
ticians that power is to be main- 
tained by the same means by 
which it has been ' acquired. 
Your Majesty has gained your 
• jM>wer over public opinion by 
-your firmness and resolution ; 
by the loftiness of your eharao- 
ter and your language. These 
have given a tone to the minds 
'Of the people, who feel as you 
f&el ; and therefore, to preserve 
that tone, your Majesty must 
-act as you have acted. It is not 
-fiioney ; it is not houses, furni- 
ture, horses, carriages, liveries 
and other outward and visible 
signs of grandeur, that have 
made so many milKcyns of hearts 
devoted to your Majesty. It is 
your own conduct; it is the con- 
fidence inspired in that conduct, 
andbyyoorianguage. You have 
poured your own soul into the 
breasts of the people. Creatures 
that never felt before have been 
inspired and worked into feeling 
by your MaJMty. And, there- 
4i>re, lo maintain tbo apirit w^idi 

will carry you Miccessfuliy 
through ever danger, and cause 
you to triumph over every ene- 
my, there must be no abatement 
in' that high, dignified and 
lofty attitnde which your Ma^ 
jesty has assumed. 

To accept of pecuniary sup- • 
port at the hands of Truste#s^ 
whoever those Trustees might 
be, would be as degrading to 
your Majesty as a similar act on 
the part of the King would be 
degrading to him. It belongSLio 
the ncUioUr and that, too, through 
the hands o( its regular consti- 
tuted authorities, and in the re- 
gular and constitutional mode, 
to provide for the maintenance 
of your Majesty's dignity and 
splendour. By* the side of the 
King is your Majesty's place. 
I'o hold your station and your 
courts, as Queen, is your right; 
and for this rigtit, your Miyesty 
must contend to the last. Soma 
of the slippery sycophants; 
some of the filthy knaves, who 
have been at the bottom of the 
machinations against your Mar 
jesty, are beginning to say, that 
** though the proof of some parts 
** of the charges against you may 
*f fail, still there will be enough 
''proved to cause the Bill of 
"Pains and Penalties to be 
" passed in a mitigated form, so 
" as to render it improper, for 
** such a person to hold a Oourt*' 

I beseech your Majesty to pay 
particular attention to this. . It 
is thought by these knaves; 
these cunning and precious 
knaves; that, l^ thus blaiekening 
your Mfljesty without proceeds- 
ing to any very violent act 
against you, and by making yott 
what, they call a /ui7^et»e pe* 

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l^or Hc|i Majesty:. 

^ «UBiary allowttioe, the feelings 
of tbe people will be blunted ; 
and that your Majesty, finding: 
yourself of no public import- 
ance hefe in this g^reat country, 
will very soon remove to some 
other, carrying with you the 
•dirt that has been flung upon 
you, and leaving the field clear 
to your enemies. 

These knaves deceive them-> 
selves in this, their calculation ; 
but I am uncommonly anxious 
lo guard your Majesty against 
doing any thing that shall cause 
one single person in the country 
to believe, that any decision, 
however mitigated^ would in- 
duce you to give up, for one 
single hour, the assertion and 
. the pursuit of your rights. — 
Every word you utter, ought to 
strengthen the people in the 
conviction that you will fulfil 
the solemn pledge given at the 
.dose of your letter to the King, 
which letter, ypur Majesty ougSt 
to be informed, has sorpsssed, in 
^nt of circulation, and probably 
ten tiiousand times surpassed, 
any thing that ever before found 
its wajF to the press. Your Ma- 
jesty should be informed that 
it Ins been eirealated through 
every avenue in this kingdom, 
from one end of it to the other ; 
that it has been re<-pubHshed in 
-ail the joitmals of Franoe, Spain, 
Holland, Germany and Italy; 
and that, in short, tbe whole 
dvilized vi^rld are in possession 
of your Majesty's just complaints, 
your noble views and intentions. 
This country^ is the centre of the 
<^viiized world. All man and 
womaih-kind have their eyes 
Jiipon your Miyesty. They have 
seen your pledge and they wait 

for the resulti. VourMi^ty is, 
IB shorty destined to be the 
greatest personage that tl» 
world ever yet produced, oalesSy 
what is not to be believed, yoa 
were now, when complete vic- 
tory is within your reach, to stop 
suddenly short in your career in 
support of your rights^ which 
are, in fact, also tire rights of the 

Your Majesty's glory will be 
of the true and sterling stamp ; 
it will not have been acquiml 
by bad means ; but by means 
the most honourable, the most 
praise-worthy that the human 
mind can conceive. You have 
not sought for it It has been 
brought to you by the hand of 
persecution. There has been 
/lothing ostentatious in your coa- 
duct. Your whole life appears 
to have been marked by an anxi- 
ous desire and a never-ceasii^ 
activity to relieve the distresses 
and to promote the haf^i^ess of 
others. The charge of going to 
your chamberlain's bed to in- 
quire how he was when he was 
ill, brings out the fact even froai 
the mouths of your base aocosers, 
that you went, also, to the bed- 
side of your man-cook to inquifa 
how he was when he was ill ! 
And this brings out the fact, 
that it WBs your uniform prac- 
tice to visit, in your own person, 
every creature belonging to yoor 
lunily that was in a state of in- 
dis^sition. That it was your 
uniform practice to inquire with 
your own lips .from the sufferers 
themselves what was tl^ cause 
and state of their ailments. That 
it was your uniforin practice to 
see with your own eyes- that 
they had proper attendanse and 

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Sl&PTEHMiR %, 88^0. 


niilabl« ftccomoiodatioo. These 
<ietail6d proo& of your rare hu- 
manity, of your unparalleled 
condcAoension and benevolenoe, 
of your matchless goodness and 
tenderness of heart : these have 
been produced to us by your 
calamniators. Had you never 
been aoeused of crimes the most 
foul, your bright virtues would 
never have come to light. 

The whole of your life has 
been by your enemies proved 
to have been a life of real cha- 
. rity, and of tenderness towards 
persons in distress, such as ne- 
ver was befofe found in human 
being* In no one single in- 
stance do we discover a desire 
to make known to the world 
any of your good and gracious 
acts. Your Majeertyhas a menu* 
ment of fame, raised by the 
hands of your enemies. Little 
dkl those enemies imagine what 
tiiey were doing. They, calcu- 
lating upon what is commonly 
seen in life, that great tender- 
ness is rarely united with stem 
•and inflexil^e resolution ; that 
the tender bosom generally re- 
coils at dangers, and desists 
from the pursuit even of well 
-known right, i(^ in that par- 
4oit, perik)us consequences be 
involved; your ene'mies calcu- 
Uting in this way were unable 
to estimate the character of 
yourMi^esty. They should have 
perceived that your extraordi- 
nary benevolence and . tender- 
ness of disposition was accom- 
panied with zeal, activity, and 
courage, equally extraordinary ; 
they should have considered 
that, to tet the captive froe ; to 
•end him hone to restore hap- 
piness to his disconsolate pa- 

rents and childrett ; tt had been 
necessary for your Miyesty to 
encounter hardships and perils 
yourself; and hence they should 
have drawn the conclusion, ' 
that, it was unnatural to sup-, 
pose that your breast would be 
wholly devoid of resentment of 
injuries so outrageous as those 
they were prepared to heap 
upon you ; and still more un<* 
natural to suppose that you 
would not feel a desire to incur 
some risk, to encounter some 
hxirdship and some peril, for the 
sake of a people who had 
shown so much attachment to 
your Majesty as that shown by 
the English people from the 
hour of your landing. Your 
enemies have calculated wrong- 
ly, and those calculate wrong- 
ly, now, who imagine that your 
Majesty is to be degraded and 
shoved out of the country by 
any thing that they can say or 

• Standing as your Majesty 
does, openly opposed to a 
faction which, has involved this 
once happy country in every 
species of ruin and misery ; a 
faction^ well known to the 
whole civilized world ; a faction 
upon whom the Spaniards, the 
Neapolitans, the sound part of 
the French, every roan in the 
world that possesses or sights 
for, freedom, has his eye ; stand- 
ing as your Majesty does oppos- 
ed to .this, faction, all the world 
has its eyes upon you ; and thus, 
by your enemies, you have been 
placed upon a pinnacle more 
conspicuous, than that oe- 
cupied by any other human 
beii>g. Ill such a state, every 
act and e^wery word is of con^ 

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To Her Majes-w. 


sequence. It requires more than 
human wisdom and foresight to 
do or to say much in your Ma- 
jesty's situation, and to do or say 
nothing- wrong", but there is 
one rule never to be departed 
from ; and that is^ to do, or say, 

nothing-, from which any human 
being can collect that your Ma- 
jesty can, by any means, be 
brought to flinek from your 
noble rdsolution, expressed in 
your letter to the King. That 
letter is our Polar- Star. To 
that we look ; and on the spirit, 
wliich that letter breathes, we 
rely for your Majesty's restora- 
tion to rights and dignities, so 
clearly your own, and so essen- 
tial to the nation'/ honour and 

We are now, may it please 
youc Majesty, in no sort of 
anxiety or uncertanity as to 
your Majesty's innocence of the 
foul charges brought against 
yon. We know that you are as 
innocent as you were in 1806. 
The testimony now giving 
against you is more a subject of 
cmriositfj than of interest with 
the people. But. we look >vith 
great interest to the consequen- 
ces ; and, relying firmly on your 
Majesty's wisdom and resolu- 
tion, we are full of hope, that 
those consequences will prove 
pcrroftnently beneGcial to the 
people as well as to the throne. 

I am, 
Witii the most profound respect, 
Your Majesty's most faithful 

subject and servant, 



It is curious to observe what 
a hubbub this UtU« work has 
made in> the political world. It 
used to be thought, "that a 
** cat might hok at a Eingy*^ 
and yet, ^ would seem, that, 
now-a-days, poor ' Englishmen 
must not venture even to peep 
at a peer! The Authors, or, 
rather, the Conrpilers of this 
useful little work have sent me 
the following letter in their de** 
fence. I should insert it as a 
measure of justice ; but, I have 
the further motive of gratitude ; 
for, I have no scruple ^ say, 
that, in this work, I have pur- 
chased more valuable ' know- 
ledge for fourpence ; yea, Ibr a^ 
single groat, than I ever before 
purchased, in all the books that I 
ever possessed, and those booka 
have cost me many hundreds of 
pounds. My readers have often 
heard me complain of the con^ 
fused manner, in which the 
place, pension and sinecure lisis^ 
were made out. The diffif^nlty, 
or, rather, the impossibility, 
that I experienced, was, to get 
together the whole of what one 
man, or one family, reeeived.- 
This Is now done for me, as far 
as relates to the Peers ; and 
most sincerely do 1 tbaak the 
laborious compilers. They vciy 

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September^, ISM. 


modestly dcclioe all merit ex- 
cept that of mere collectors of 
iaftMrmation. But, they deserve 
a moch higher sort of praise. 
They have not created any thing*, 
indeed; but they have given 
great utility to an useless mass. 
They have not discussed politi- 
cal subjects : but they have fur- 
nished a due in political science, 
sQch as never was possessed be- 
fore. They have not descanted 
on our system : they* have not 
argtied about ^that which is 
called " the envy of surround- 
" ing nations and the admiral 
" Hon of the world :" they 

have exhibited it to every 
eye. Nobody can fail to un- 
derstand ii that understands 
the Numeration Table. These 
gentlemen have explained the 
*'admircUum of the world,'* 
by founds, shillijig4 and pence. 
For this I again thank them ; 
though I must confess, that 1 
feel a little ashamed, that they 
have tanght the public more in 
one single week, than I have 
been able to teach in twenty 
l(mg years ! I nov? insert their 
letter, which I think highly 
worthy oT attention. 


London, Aug. 24, 1890. 
. Sir, 

We beg permission to trouble 
you with a line or two on the 
very rude attacks which have 
been made upon our little com- 
pilation, called " A Peep at the 
Peers:' The Lord Chancellor 
has described it as being/tiH of 
lies ; but, his Lordrship con* 
scieniiously declined pointing 
out any one of those •' lies." 
It would not be to behave like 
gentlemen for us to retort upon 
his Lordship; and, therefore, we 
shall only say, that our work is. 
true (mere errors exceptes^l), 
and that, while our consciences 
are clear, we do not envy him 
that conscience, to >vhich lie 
is everlastingly appealing. 

Lord Laudehdale com- 
plains, that 36,600Z a-VQar are 
put down to him, while he does 
not receive a farthing of the 
public money. Now, Sir, is this 
fair f We put down 2,300i. to 
-him, " as the usual allowance 
" to retired ambassadors.'\ He 
is one ; but, if he do not re- 
ceive the usual allowance, it 
may be, that he was not abroad 
long enough. We had no list 
to refer to ; and, if it were an 
error, the foult was not ours. 

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PkKP at Tttfi PyEf|«. 


. The refit of iiie «uin, .namely, 
84>300l. a-year, is put down to 
his family f all but 6001. which 
ha receives in trust for six /e- 
males of the name of HAY.— 
Does not^Ae reoeive this money ? 
And, of what consequence is it 
to the public, whether he keep 
it, or pay it over to somebody 
else ? But, it is rather curious, 
that this complaint of his lord- 
ship should have led to a disco- 
very, which ('after taking off his 
own supposed pension) will, we 
believe, augment the sum total 
against his name, as will appear 
in our second edition. A chap- 
ter on rider^ might be usef61 ! 
. The Marchioness of Staf- 
ford (or some one for her) has 
complained, that we have put 
down to her a pension of 800^. 
a-year; and, those who accuse 
us of this falsehood, assert, that 
she has nl>t now, and never had, 
a pension, In answer to this, 
we say, that, in a report, laid 
before the House of Commons, 
and printed on the 29th of June, 
180^, are the following words : 
" Gower, Countess, now Mar- 
chioness of Stafford, pension, 
300l. a^jearJ' Now, Sir, who 

, Is it that states falsehoods ? 
Ypu will do us the justice to 
observe, Sir, that we kave dis- 
tinctly stated in our preface, 
that we have no authentic pen- 
sion-list of a later date than 
1808. We were, therefore, com- 
pelled to confine ourselves to 
thai ; but, surely, we were not 

^ to r^tdt tfiat; and thus be dis- 
abled from making out any ac- 

count at all. If that list be not 
correct now, let the Ministers 
and our Representatives give us 
another. Until they do that, 
we shall use , the old ' list as 
a matter of course. 

Nevertheless there are some 
few errors in our work ; and, 
very far were we from pretend- 
ing^ that it was without errors. 
Some obliging correspondents 
have furnished us with means of 
correcting several mistakes.-^ 
These corrections we shall make 
directly ; and, for that purpose, 
we shall publish a SE- 
COND EDITION very soon; 
though, to say the truth,' the 
errors are of an amount perfectly 
insignificant, when compared 
with the" mighty whole. 

Lord Lauderdale is reported 
to have said, that the article re- 
specting his family was intend^ 
to intimate, that,^ in his vote on 
the Queen's case, he would be 
if^uented by the money he re- 
ceived ! Sir, we repel this charge 
¥uth indignation. Let any o6e 
look at the observations in our 
preface, and see what founda- 
tion there is for such a chiu*ge. 
So far from any such in^)Uta- 
tions, we have distinctly said, 
thjvt we pretetid not to det«r- 
mine, whether this mode of em- 
ploying the public tlioney be 
a good or an evil ; that we have 
merely stated facts, leaving 
others to argue on them, and Ito 
draw their own conclusions. 
We ar^. Sir, 

Your most humble servant^, 


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Sei^tember 2, 18-20. 


Jtf r. Broogham^s Argumenisin 
favQvr of tht Hide of the 
House of Lords, to cMow of 
^ the re^a^ossrfixamination oj 
the Witnesses against the 
Queen r together with, his Re- 
fly to the ATTeRNEit and 
Solicitor General on the 
same subjeeU 

Tuesday, Auavst 29* 

Mr. Broughah. — He 4^ould 
inot disguise the very giesX cTiffi- 

' -culty h^ felt, on the part of her 
Majesty, wlieo called upon io 
address their Locdsbips oo this 
point.* He should feel it much 
easier to object to the course pre- 
scribed by their Lordships, than 
A.0 point out any other 4^our$e. 
First of all, t;ieir Lordships 
would Buffer him jto remind them 
Ihat the difficulty was i)one of 
their (the Ceunsels) making. 
Jf any diMcultles, be they nu- 
merous or be they few ; if any 
obstacles, be 4hey less or be. 
they greater in their nature, 
presented themselves to their 
Lordships, none of them were 
his. The person patronizing 
this bill had, indeed, urged, 
that it was more for his interest 

-to proceed by this bill; they 
(lier Majesty's Counsel) on 
their part, and on lier part, had 
objected. Althoqorh it seemed 
good to the wisdom and jus- 
tice of their L9rdsbips to reject 
the course pointed out by her 
Majesty^s Counsel, and to adopt 
that pointed out on tlie other 
side, if a difficulty had now 

^arised, her^Majesty^s Counsel 

might ^y th^ it had art^eH 
from rejecting their proposal, 
and Adopt] pg that of tl\e other 
side. It . was a sufficient reason 
which he urged, which iiny man 
in his situation would urge, 
why extraordinary indalgenc^ 
should be extended to hhii» that 
he And his learned friends who 
were with him, had beien 
thwarted in their petitions, Iuuoh 
pered in their course of proceed* 
ings, never gratified in any end 
object^ >and that all the diffieiiVf- 
ties which were ^^mplained o^ 
and which he might say • bis 
learned friend on 11^ other side 
now complained of, arose, not 
from any refosal^ to the other 
side, bu4 from having their.wiftbes 
gratified. Evon to the very latf 
act of this gt^9X natiotud 4nmar 
every ob^ction urged by Ihem 
bad boen resisted by their Lord* 
ships, and they had pow.dedd* 
ed, they (her M<ucsty*ft Coun- 
sel) not haying been heard. 
He. was not r^^y to proposik 
another course. They were of- 
fered a situation not only peri 
fectly different from that in 
which they had stood last Sa*' 
turday, after they had |y$enpu^ 
to their election, and had mad^ 
their election, but in a situa- 
tion.not so good*-4n a much- 
worse situation than t))at ia 
which they bad stood from tj» 
beginning uU eleven o'clock oq> 
Saturday last. Uj)On dvety 
point formerly arising as to the- 
course of proceeding, theiv bsd 
not be^n heard at all. XJ^ton 
the petition presented against^ 
the course adopted, it had^bee©. 
decided a^inst them that they 
wore not to be heard. UpOA 
the second step, upon what bd 

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.what Jie titaemed not an- extra'* 
tircimar} darm, but wh»t he 
deemi^d the priviT**gre '^f e^'ery 
party in every *uit — tn every 
privnta^suit between A, and B., 
and in every crLmlnal i>rosccu- 
tt«ii— he meant tbe Bpeciftea- 
tion of the plact*£) where the 
alleged acts were commitled, 
find the times, vtHlhlnn reason- 
able cerl&inly And a reasonable 
latitude— ^specif] eiitiun which 
wm gh&n in every ciicse, not 
only of bijrh treason (for the 
analogy there went only to the 
Ii*i of witne&sei), biil itt every 
ease tho coiwily was specified. 
Upon lUh se€0in3 point they had 
been refused, and without being 
heard. They were referred, 
SQch WM* the specification of 
the cftiai^e^. to three of the fonr 
qnarten^of the gl^be. It was 
' BOt ia Middlesex nor in Dur^ 
'ham that^ t)ie- bfH^nce wa:i 
charged .t6 have b^en commit- 
ted, tbtit 'th^ chargie extended 
ever Europe-, Asia, and Afriea;. 
ovei; eoantries, cities, andviKa^ 
g9&i over prfFviBicea, kingdoms, 
er empires; inhabited or «min- 
babited') wildernessosV sea^ 
xivera, 40Wiis, or citiies, in all 
this • vai^ety of countries; Thi* 
wa» their pecoM^ fiittia^M. 1 1 
wis- ^pecuU^r that there was no 
vour in^this ^ase, because in 
eveipr case the «en« was an es- 
sential partieular.- This defect 
vtm of peculiar weight, and 
occa^sbcied peculiar difficulty in 
the defence, w^hen no ofienbe 
at all bad been committed; If 
her Majei^ty hadi sinfied any 
whi-re, she might have some 
i«i|)icjan of the place to be 
charged) and ' by consequence 

some -antidpatida of the sort of 
evidence to be adduced to siip* 
port it. But becatise she w'a» 
not guilty, and had not been, 
for JMight that had appeared in 
evidence, in the places whero 
the offence might be alleged to 
have been committed ; becauser 
•he- Was thus ' iffnocent, she 
could net conceive the places 
of the alleged offeBce^ or the 
persons in those places who 
shoruld give evidence. This se* 
cond essential point their Lord^ 
ships had decided against them 
withdut tfearing them. In this 
manner their Lordships had de- 
cided that they ishould proceed 
with' the trial of her Majesty ^^ 
Under what he must bring his 
organs of speech to call a Bill 
of Pants and Penalties. Their 
Lordslups had decided that thi» 
mode of pr0ceedin^.wa's of right 
and necessity, whrch they-— ho 
would not say considered of 
wrong and unnecessary-^but 
'which they denied to be of right 
and necessity.' A compensation/ 
he had thought, had been of- 
fered to thj^m for all those dis- 
advantages, and it did appear 
to tberti; humbly endeavol]rinG;^ 
to accoTmplTsb thtsir duty accora- 
ing to the orders of their Lord* 
rfiips, (but they were now m6re 
than ever sensible of their Utter' 
iiiabiiity to understand the -or- ' 
deV^of their Lordships), they did 
venture to hope they had at« 
tained to the mean^pg ef their 
Lordships' orders, aq^ they con- 
ceived that. In their peculiar si- 
tuation, not of their own seek- 
ing, but of th^lr Lordships'' 
making, some advantages were' 
to be' allowed them to In^^t the 
peculiarity of difficulties which' 

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September ^, 1820> 


their l/)fdshtps ia their wisdom 
had deviseiL They conceived 
that to meet the peculiar di^ 
culty, another peculiarity waa 
ordained by their Lordships as 
an advanlaipe that mig^ht com* 
pciDfiatet iQ some measiKe the dis- 
adTaatag^. They (ittle thought 
that when > this advantage 
came to' be sifted, it would be 
found simply the common ad- 
vant^e which every defend- 
ant enjoyed &s a clear^ abso- 
lute, indisputable right, which 
every party, as^ well as eivery 
defendant, was invariably al- 
lowed. They little thought 
that when they had reco-. 
vered from the two refusals 
which he had mentioned^ and 
from which they had recovered 
only by that whi,ch alone had 
induced them, to make them 
selves parties to this proceed- 
ings they little thought ^hat all 
was to be taken away again, 
and that they were tp hear 
their Lordships say to them, 
" You Have no advantage ; 
true it is that your situation- is 
peculiar in .ppint-pf hardsliip, 
but f^r, that very rofison jou 
shall bstir^ no pt^oliio* fdvan* 
tage. The misc'hlefis new, ex- 
traqrdibfiry, ai^d unparalleled. 
The mote innocent your client 
is, the less c^ble^ust she be to 
make a defence. But nopovel 
advantage Tnust be given ^eu 
to resist the extraordjpHry pres- 
sure. Whenever you claim an 
extraordinary reqnedy, then we 
tie Ourselves down by/ formsr^ 
then we refer to the prbceed- 
iDgs in courts of law — then we 
qu<rte the 'pr9etic^ ,at msi,priu8 
and in the pldBf41ey, aiid vi^e 
give you noi what is the right 

of every defendant in every' ac" 
tton and in every prosecution." 
Their Lordship»liiul created tlier 
peculiar difficulty, and they 
were therefore bound to aflbrd^ 
a peculiar remedy. If the Bill 
was unparalle}ed> if the ptor 
ceeding against the tUustrious^ 
Defendant was without paral* 
lei with respect to the facts, or 
details, x>r principle, in ai)y one 
judical proceeding' in the world, 
then was it equally unparalleled 
to deny the relief required by . 
the extraordinary B&tiire. of the 
mischief, which in their minda 
was up to the present hour un- 
paralleled. In the case of the 
Duke of Norfolk, the noble de- 
fendant (the Duchess) had eve- 
ry advantage given to her by 
their Lords&ps which she could 
desire. It wad not true thai 
she had only a list of the Wil^ 
nesses ; it was not true that she 
had only the places and times 
specified. She had objected to 
the vagueness x>f charges em- 
bracing seven parishes acid five 
monjths, and asked to have the ' 
months applied to the pariishes ^ 
and their Lordships had ' at-' 
lowed that^ and ordered the 
month and the place of every - 
act of adultery to be specified, 
and a second amended particu- 
lar to be given in for this pur- 
pose. Thus it was in August at 
Windsor, in Septbm1>er at St. 
Margaret's, in October at some 
other p^sh, &c Four days . 
had been allowed afterwards 
to prepare for meeting those 
charges, so that she could ^o 
to Windsor, and to the ^her 
places, in order to obtain levi- 
detice. This was not all f it 
was not true that this was all 

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Mr. Brovcham's Arguments. 


she bad beeh allowed. He 
should rest -fiis er^fbeiit hpon* 
the case of the Dnke of Norfolk 
ip 1691. He could refer to that 
case for a sanction, to all he 
claimed 0« Sataiday. The 
Duchess's proctor attended on 
their Lordships : they iwrere a- 
ware that the proctor was a 
solicitor in Doctors' Commons. 
He would mention, as it was 
material to the undetrstanding 
of this point, the order, of pro- 
ceeding*, as he found it m their 
journals. X)n the 14th day oC 
January, 1691, the order was 
made for the particulars. On 
the 16th the specification was 
ordered. On the 19th the ob- 
jection was made to the gene- 
rality. On the 23d the witnesses 
for the Dnke were brought to 
their bar, and two whole pages 
of their journals contained no 
other matter but. this examina- 
tion in initialibtiSf to use a civil 
law expression. The examina- 
tion extended to names, mar- 
riage, abode, &c The proctor 
stood in the v^ry «tuation ia 
which he (Mr. Brougham) had 
stood last Saturday, and he was 
alloared to examine in the pre- 
cise terms in which he had pro- 
posed to examine on Saturday. 
He cross-examined thus; ** Did 
you serve any other master be- 
fore your present master ? When 
did you leave him ?*' HeAvould 
implore their Lordships' atten- 
tion to what had been theit* 
practice in the case to which he 
alluded. On the 1 9th a further 
and more minute specification 
was called for, and*also allowed. 
On the 23d .witnesses were pro- 
duood at the' bar by the then 
Duke of Norfolk. The whole 

of these proceedings would bo 
found upon their Lordships' jour- * 
nals, two pages of whi<;h were 
actually filled up hy the specifi- 
cations allowed to the solidta- 
tion of the ac6«Ved. All these 
procieedings were, he repeated , 
allowed in imtialibtis, as "*vas 
the expression in civil law. All 
these minute' partrcnlarizati^ns 
their Lordships, upon t^eir jour- 
nals, i^oold b^ foun4 to have 
allowed in the case to which he 
alluded: and yet, notwithstand- 
ing the most extraordinary de* 
tail of apparently guilty facts — 
three or four witnesses indeed 
spoke, in their examination-in- 
chief, to the fact of finding the 
Dachess actually in bed With 
her paramour, and another spoke 
of what had occurred in terms 
too revolting to delicacy for him 
to repeat ; yet, notwithstanding* 
fill these proofs* and circum- 
stances, a few questions in ctosb^ 
examination, had had such an 
effect as to induce their Lord- 
ships to throw out the bill. The 
case to which he alluded, was' 
one, where proof to ocular de- 
monstration was tendered and 
taken, add yet the bill was ren- 
dered a nullity by the cross- 
examination of the witnesses* 
So much for the cois^ of the 
Duchess of Norfolk, in 1691. He 
did not mean to aialicipate any 
thing in the way of reply to'tho 
arguments used "by the learned 
Counsel on the opposite side. 
On the present occasion such 
a line of argument would be 
qnite premature ; indeed,' it 
would be' more — it would be. 
quite irregular, unjust, nay, in- 
decent. Ifjt were possible that 
the example had been set up of 

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SfcPTEllBrER ^^ !«•:»>! 


preuutMft eommettt' upon nxiy 

meaeed and lefl4iB^shed, dien 

lie tiiDiiid say thkX the exami^ 

was^one, which wiHikL bemor^ 

ImMMirable m- tbe-breach tbui 

Iber observanoe. Ho cottld not 

beHevet liowever, tbat^ suck an 

exairipte had been set him ; still 

fiBBBconld b^believ^ that it came 

froarauy noUe pe|»on on whom 

wotihl kereafler lie the responei'* 

bility of deciding '' upon his ho- 

»Mr" on the whdie merits of 

this case. TobelieTe that an 

example of snefa. a kind comld 

bt set in stieh a qoarter, itouid 

be to eeedit the existenee of 

Ik moa^row indeoefiram, where 

til was no donbt pure and ini* 

sullied. If,, however, the ^xam* 

^ Wese set even in so high 

ajqnnrter, he most relraia frrat 

foUvwhagk; he must in common 

cfeoen^ keep de^^f a course 

whMt he tiuMig^t ntterly in- 

decarons: and indefensible. Bn^ 

he. would come to the more ma- 

tmal part of. What he had now 

to address to their lovdstips. 

Did ibey, he asfced, with an 

earnestness that he trusted be-i* 

spoke his anxiods suspense tot 

a repfy, mean now to retract 

whaijwas termed '' the extraor* 

diaary advaatage'^ which from 

the outset they were disposed to 

^Te to his illustrious client in 

the progress of the case ? Was 

this promised advantage (to use 

the term apjriied to it) to be no w 

withdrawn J Knd were the conn- 

sei ibr the Queen to be now 

PUm^ in one part of the conduct 

of this cause, as parties were 

pUeed iid the ordinary course of 

prooeedings in courts of law, 

while in^ another part of the pro- 

ceedingis they tfere to'bc placed 
in quite a. difl&rent sftuation fVorn 
that in winch such parties were 
placed in the courts beloW? — 
Was this advantage, then, to be 
taken fhMn them^ in one part, 
end wef^ they in another 16 cb^ 
counter disadvantages in which 
no party was ever placed in any 
court under either ordinary or 
extraordinary circumstances ? In 
anyway inyvhieh their lordships 
cckild plaee ^him, he. hard' SU- 
advantages to encounter on the 
pert of his client, whfch no per- 
son could have imposed upon 
him before the ordinary tribtinals 
of the land. These disadvan- 
tages arose out ef the very na- 
ture of tb^ anomalous mode of 
proi^eediilg which had been in- 
stttitted. *' O my Lordy, (ex- 
daimed Mr. Brougham) hion- 
slrous^ indeed will be flie dis*> 
advantage to v^ieh we shall 
here beejcposed, in comparison 
with the situation' in which the 
eoort$ of common law would 
place us, if your lordships will 
now tell US' that the course of 
yoiK proceeding, and the only 
course wiU be,- first to hear the 
examination-in-ehief, then the 
cros^examinaiion, thenth^re^ 
e^mination, and after that no- 
thing ^nt what shall be previ- 
ously submitted to the opinion 
of your lordships : no qneiJtion 
to be asked a witness except 
tJirottgh your lordships ; no sc- 
ries of uninterrupted questions to 
be allowed iis in the situatron in" 
which we are placed. If this 
shall be your lordships* final 
and irrevocable decision, then, 
1 repeat, monstrous will be I he . 
disadvantages which must en- 
viron us in the performauire of 


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Mr. BllOVtitrAM^S AftOtfABBNTS^ 


nur duty ; and &till more moih- 
fitroas iii'jt to tell me, that this 
is done in conformity with the 
ordinary rnles of law/' He im^ 
plored their lordsIji|'s tOipaitte 
befort^, they placed him in such 
an cmbarra^^iiTg' i»itii£ition> and 
befom they suffered it to be pre- 
tended that it was justified by 
any analogy with the practice of 
the ordinary tribtinals* The ac- 
cused in the courts below had, 
upon the very form of the pro- 
ceeding against htm, the place 
where th^ crime was ^d te 
have been committed ; ia a cri- 
minal ca&e» indeed, the law gave 
him this information. U was 
idte, thereford, to tallc of i^nj 
aiiJilogy betwfeea ttiis course ^ 
proceeang and that^ in any of 
the courts below, when the very 
essence, as well as the form pre* 
posed to be set, showed not an 
analogy but a contrast. And 
yet tins was the fair,- the foil, 
the candid mtener in whidi 
bracttce of .the cebrts below 
had been quoted before th^ir 
lordships. ^ , All, he wanted was, 
ihat ihey should abide by the 
Practice of the Courts sbelow v 
he desired no more '; that was 
aU he asked at the beginning, 
and he now asked nothing more) 
when, as he believed, their pro- 
ceedings were about to come 
to a cl^e. All he coloured of 
their .lordships was, that they 
would' take these rules as a 
^ whole, and not frighter theita 
away partially; net to adhere 
to them rigidly where they fet- 
tered the Queen, and depart 
jfroih them to benefit the Kin^. 
He again repeated, that -all his 
illustrious Client desired was 
cvenhandcd justice i with it she 

was fiale^ vfrilhoiftr it nnMance 
conferred no siecnrtty. HeiuM 

been told thfki^ be Was tb enjojr 
in this oa$e an extrabrdi'asr]^ 
advantage, not Enjoyed by. w^ 
accused in any oi^inliry caaei^ ' 
for that, after the whole evidence, 
of the prosecution had bteii 
gone throdgh, his llloatnom ^ 
Client might have two flMMiifai 
M> prepare her defeitce. He wwh4 
ed indeed he eould take eoibfort 
from t)ns, which soAid vMre 
pleased to cSeiU an extraordinary 
adviMQtage; Bdt where were 
the boiMed enjoymbnts of thit 
extraordinary advantage ? ^ Iva4 
let theit- lordahrps imk for i < 
moment hi the siloatioo in'whicb 
he should sliuad before any.dN 
dinary IribtmaL WouM tbe 
witness there retire from Goin%i 
as he nittst here, without OBdeix 
going the test of a cfos^^enmii^ 
nation at the instant, ihmi 4^^ 
cotinsiel well prepiiitred by pie^r 
vious inibrm&^n to enter iiiti»> 
minute details 9 In any wdi-^ 
nary court was the vMm^ 
liable to have his Judf^es fMrej*^ 
diced by the daily ptiblicaUon ^t 
ex-parte evidence nnder idltlie 
inluenoe which #afi incideimal' 
to such a - situation ? Not only 
had the ilidstribtts a^hsused this 
prejudice to ^heouw^r from tk» 
daily publication of trhat cUdt 
occur, but superiiddedi to this,, 
she had to eiipebnter the propa- 
gation of the vilest false^boods. 
For instance, in ah Evening Pa- 
per of Saturda:y it was staled, 
that when the evidence came to 
the marks of adulterous' inter- 
course in a bed,4t was stepped. 
Now that was a gross and deli- 
berate falsehood ; it was too a. 
wilful one, and fabricated (or a 

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lS£KXKMB£lt 2; 19^ 


bttie . |^|M>»i»^ These iotamoo^ 
ImkYffse ike more (tangesouis 
fron. Uks cmiin»Un«ej5^f their 
beieg^piihliehedafi atepreieata-i- 
tiop-of iads occurring- before 
tbeiiv.\ terdsbips. .. He prayed 
theii; lordships lo see the abso- 
luttMllity tliey Wf aid make ef 
bift Cdross-examinatioB, if they 
.coniDed it to the " extraorcUnary 
advantage/' as it was called, of 
aliawifmr sf^al oaase for putting 
aadb questioB, and then putting 
it thfongh their lordships. To 
»yatl himself of this extraordi^ 
naijr id.vantage, he was in the 
first ptace teft without materials. 
How.T^lie to pursue the cross^ 
exaonBatioB of a witness, whose 
face be never saw vptil he was 
prpdueed to give his^evfdeiice I 
Snob was^ite case of the female 
vritnesa .whose examination was 
aospMled : she spoke of 4>ecuc- 
reanes at iC^udsrfaue, and that 
wm tto ifst Ume he had ever 
heard of. SBch a place sis having 
%»f, calation to this ca». To 
caU H|)On him, therefore, now to 
CEtfsrewmine tins wttiuiss^, was, 
in ^^ to extract from him a 
eonfianion of- his ignorance *ol 
iMiy thug, upoa which ie could 
erOflSrexamiBe her. Such was 
the state to which he was re^ 
4Boed by the ignorance of names, 
of dates, of time and place, in 
wfaioh it faadi^eased their lord^ 
ahipt to keep his Illustrious' 
C?lieBt.'Tiie consequence of the 
step already taken h^ their 
lorddiips . became m^re intricate 
Cor ha», from the drcumstanoe 
of the geeat distance ai which 
this investigatiim was carried i^v 
firofli the places through which 
her M|kjesty had Journeyed dur- 
io^ the long period of six years ; 

over -this space and^ a^dng thai . 
jcMimey he had to cast his ^, 
yrithout mark or guide to fii< it 
on any spot wU^ it nngfat he 
advisable to measure for the 
purposes of Iter Mi^esty's de<> 
fen(Se^ Their lordships, with .a 
view to obviate tbs.dMcaltyL 
had promifled to afford a deiiuf 
of. two ni6nths, to seek; the ne* 
cessary ]Bfi>nBation, fronrvfaicli* [' 
was to be drawii the materials 
for her Majesl^s defence*. Much 
better would it baVe be^n, had 
their lordships afioided that'iB*^ 
formation which would have 
rendered any delay unnecessary; 
It wa^ very easy fqr noblo lonU 
to say that they' ought to regu- 
late their Doutte by tfaepvasticja. 
of the Courts bek>w ; b«t 4id 
they not recoU^ot, that in all 
judicial tribunals, an^ debufyso' 
m from ^ing considered ad-* 
vantageons/to'fibc aoeuled, waa 
felt to be directly the reveiae f 
With that feeling it wak'ahrays 
eonsider^d prcgSdictal to the 
party on trials if even a single 
day intervene between the 
opleiiing of the case and the de<* 
fence df^he accused. The pce- 
jndiceof this deUy was avoided 
by the very nature of the forms 
of judicial, proceedings in tfattf 
country. If the oase were of» 
dtil nature, the declaration ^eod- 
taised a full spedfication of the 
charge; if.of a criminal nature, 
the same information was eoai^ 
municated either hy the indict- 
ment or by thiB ^ information. 
Such were the .whoDSsbnie pro- 
visions of the English' law: the 
descendants of the Cramers of it 
may have become >viser than 
their ancestors, and may lay 
down new ru% for Oi^ own 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 




cottduet. tJotlU however, this 
win done, be agreed tjutt ihe 
estsblMied Pfttw and practice 
oi the oamttM bek>w ought, to re* 
fpA^Ltetbmr todshlpt -prooeed^ 
%Bf($ ^ 1^ nHhc colored or de* 
iin»d wuy that h^ should.^oii the 
part of his lUiistrioos Clieat, 
liav0'ttie benefit of these forjiu 
and of I that practiee. Did their 
'lordships believe that there was 
so binoh magic in the dress of a 
eoanaei at thei^ bar^ or sueh a 
tharm ia his education and legal 
aocj^Oif^ments^ as that he coold 
at sight of a witness whom he 
naversaw/nor eter heard of be*^ 
tomr strike npon all those points 
of ebaracler and conduct which 
it weie necessary to nft to ascer* 
ttim asoral credibiUtjr, and at 
once to enter upon a cross-exa^ 
mini^tion with as little prepara- 
tion MB he could read ftsom his 
bdef f He would fof a ntoanent 
suppose. a case which 'would 
fthdw the difficulty in which 
tiieir lordshi|p&' rule of proceed- 
ing wo«1d, if rigidly, adopted, 
place > him. Sijqpipose. that in 
three or four weeks hence be 
discovered any thing which webt 
to destroy the testimony already 
given by any vritpess. Suppose 
l(iat a witness, A« B;| had receiv- 
ed a sum of mon^ on condition^ 
of bis swearing against the 
Qneen-^-^nay, further, that. the 
passing of this Bili of. Pains and 
Penalties was to be a condition 
antecedent to the payment of 
the moneys All the noble and 
learned lofds v^ho heard him 
at least, and he trusted all their 
lordships . generally, would be 
struck with the powerful iDlfect 
which thi9 disclosuDe, if aubstan^- 
tiated by proof, must have upon 

the nature of tbe evtdenOo ptb^ 
viously gfiven ; and yet, how- 
ever important suditiBstimony 
might be, if the proposed rale 
were adopted^ he should be on* 
able in the face of th^t ride to 
tender such evidence. How 
could he produce the evidence, 
unless he Were perinittM to oall 
back, suppose, the last wttness> 
and ask her, was such and such 
the fact I If she. admitted it t<y 
be true, tben^she dtsqualiHed 
herself from being a witness i If 
she denied it, then be shovld 
have to offer proof of the IkM^ 
out of the mouths of other wit-* 
nesses.^Fheir jordsbips knew 
that counter-declarations form* 
ed a large part of the materials 
for cros8^exam]nati<m. He would 
appetil to those of thek lofd^ 
abips who bad had expemacef 
in Courts of Layir, how often m 
knowledge of such counter* 
declarations had been elk^eii 
by a sifting ^nd p^^vering- ' 
cross-examination. A connoel 
cross-examiniufi' had to fejal Ida 
way with^a reljuctant witnesa? 
he had to get his ansvrers Just ' 
as he could, and to compare'^lMi ' 
collect the parts in his pregfe^a ; 
he had, as it were^ to eyisceraie 
the truth from the v^itness: It 
was in vain to say this coidd bo 
doDo if a counsel were to pro- 
ceed step by step, vrith eacb 
question put (if they were pti^ 
through the medium <^ Uieir 
lordships, and liable every mo*^ 
i^ient perhaps to the demnrret 
of the learned connael oppcxUtc. 
When their lordships talked, €>f 
any analogy with the proceed- 
ings of the other courts of ^v; 
he begged to ask at what period 
since ^e Kmndation of tbo:^^ 

Digitized by Google 


SErrE!ilBBfL 2, I81M). 


tMtiB, vsdet tlie ' g^Hf dance - of 
upngiit' Judg&i, hftd a. eamisei 
heea called ii)k>ii to orass^Riio 
oiae Bs lie (Air. Broug'httn) 
vroiiM bie oaUed npon, if their 
lerdships laid down the role 
against whicii he no^ contend- 
^1 To call sdch § mode of 
proceeding- a cross-examination 
ivoQld be a mockery of the 
term; to te)l a coiinsel that 
he migiit : eross-exaii)ine * after 
the manner he was allowed 
ia a court ofiaw,imd to tell him, 
ia the same breath, that ha 
saost lay a ground fe^ ea^h qnee^ 
tion»and have it then put ex 
grdHa by their joi^dships, was 
U render hU task a nullity, and 
A' mockery of the sane^iioned 
j^racCicb before tlie Judgses of 
i\m faiDd; aild thift, too, Was to 
bo conceded as a favour/ which. 
jm my bf tlie conrla telow,^ ana 
inm any of the rerered Judg-es 
Who |»resided in them; he should 
i&dam to accept in any other 
way^than as an undoubted tigkU 
U was on these gronilds be 
luimbly submitted to their lord* 
jifaips, that they wonki not now 
phiiee him in a dtffareot sHua^ 
tien totsk Chat in which he snp* 
posed 410 stood, by ^heir lord- 
ships^ considerate Attention; He 
hoped inow, that the expecta** 
tioB held oat to the counsel for 
the Queen' were to be realized, 
and diat tb^y were net to learn 
Hhartbeir lordships' rule of onie 
4sf was not to b6 tbieiir g-aide 
for another. If it wae the will 
and pleaflore of their lordships 
thai tte eotmsel for the SUustri- 
ott Accused musC^aet under re* 
llffietiotts like these, whieh Ira- 
iMiiidtb« fair and teUptrform- 

ance of their duty; if U was 
their final command that her 
Mije^ys OouUBei, dorin^ Ih^ 
rooEiainder of these proeeedhi^^ 
were merely to sit M tlieir lord* 
ships' bar, «tid grace by tMff 
corporeal presence the biisiiiess 
of each successive day $ if that, 
be repeated, was their lordlhlpa' 
irrevocable decree, thbn be 
hoped at least that he ami hi^ 
learned (riohds would be pe^ 
mittod to revHie their Jnt refto«^ 
lutioa ' of trying to assist: her 
Uajesty in the conduct of he^ 
defoace. He still, however, t#» ' 
lied upoo the sense of jQitke^ 
which most ever reign in tb^ir 
lordships' breasts, and thfit the 
influence of that good feelifigr 
would Save her Majesty's Conn^ 
sei ifoat befaigp plaeed-4n ' ^eb a 
predicament It wi»<8t« befbro 
he cdndnded, th^ he shbwU 
cofffiet himadlf rtsperting< a 
sUtemeiftof ^heif lordships' mi* 
notes, if they would so'far im^ 
mit him. to aver against the jre* ' 
eord; H was staled, that when 
he had a fontfer' witness criled 
back« he wanted merely to i^ , 
quire intq one specilie Uo^ 
without gamg- into any ftiiv 
ther examioa^on, but ^but 
the liintts prescrilied had been 
exoeeded. He admitted th« 
IrregAlariCy of sorii a i;oiir9e« 
hut only wished to : pledge 
himsidf not an^ to ^k for 
the rerexamination of a w(ti»ess 
imiil ' he came ^' open bis 
case C9r :th0 defence. In- My 
tbin^ that had ocei»rred, be by 
no means meant* to yieW hfo 
nght to piMiae that lino of ^m-' 
pte cfoma^vaitiioatiett for wM^fat 
he TXQw bumbly> but bo truftod 

Digitized b? Google 


Mr. Brougham's Arguments. 


elfeotuAtly, eonteDded at tbeir 
Idrdlh^s'. bar^ He concluded 
bjT'apokigTSuig' to Uieir lord- 
sUpi^ tsr^e timB hd had oooa- 
pted them, and for whieh tiie 
oniy^^xrase be had to offer was 
the ptflrtunoont importance of 
, the ^dint for which^ he con* 
tended. v . . 

Mr. Btouoi&Aift theli com- 
iiienoed his reply to the Attor- 
ney alid SoUcitor*General, by 
slating, that KUlehad beek> of- 
fiA'ed on' the other side reqiiiring* 
anansweir. He could noty how' 
ever, allow their loitlships .to 
separate withoQt setting* himself 
rjjgpht with regtcrd to nnsqnota- 
tion (undersigned of eourse) 
which- he was supposed 1o have 
made ^om theiv lordships'. Jour- 
nalsv it wsiseasy tomis-sti^ b 
case, and easier to assert that a 
caite hiid teen nns^slated. The 
Obunse) on the other side were 
vely sharp, btit it wotfkl. have 
beenfwetl ibr them to have been 
aeedrate Its we^l as sharp. Hhe 
Attemey-OTenefal had IkUen into 
ah cinrbr/tfa6ap:h^ he Was aided 
amt accompanied by the Soikk^ 
tor-4}eneral, v«rho generally 
spTi/lile With great contempt of 
eVerjr body but himself, and their 
ItftdshiJNi. He'XMr. Prougbara) 
made khis ekoeptian, because 
the SoMcltoviOeneral hadi-been 
pleaseU: to Hesiow Ms high com-^ 
jA.endation dpM thei^ lordslups : 
tluM^hnot lawytts, in the ex- 
o^i of Ids approtosition he had 
admitted, that their lordships 
had 'pbt some ^piestiofts to the 
v<rilbes8€». ia a- form (sufficiently 
jiididdus. ((Mfor,t)itfef.) file 
visas' bfefdjy rebesfthig what had 
lt)is«b'6l^d^y his Jeamed friend. 

who had not b^n interrupted 
while expressing fan most talis- 
faetory approbation:' it was a 
tribute from one ^lirho fitted the 
high office of th^ King's S«Mei- 
tor-^Geneml; H was of c<hisi«- 
Ulelrable value, • and "he' ^Mr. 
Brougham) tnnted it had be^B 
rec^ved by the |ious6' wiUr be- » 
coming gratitude. Let it be re^* 
coHected ^tat this Oame Mm 
the Solicitoi^Genend ; the tinly 
lawyer, fit least the oni^r ao« 
comi^ished hrn^er of tise pso- 
fefieion> aecording to theopinlbn 
of some ef his friends, who, by 
the by, monopolized that opi- 
nion asiiedid'theknewlifedge'of 
the law. (jLAngMsr.^) The fik>- 
Uertor-Oeneral had too a iHost 
able cbadjulor) snd between 
them both it nug^t be st&d Aal 
they hadexdusivetXMiteBBkm of 
aQ law, aH the wisdom, ^ilH ihe 
tident, and aH theaeeoiKplWH . 
mcfntson the present oceasieh. 
In- truth, the coensel ^tov^ie 
Qheen had^ tuAy one or- ;two 
books 4o whi<A they retened> 
and which th^y held up as^a 
sereen ags^nst the :despertfte se- 
vetitjjr of the attack- just mad^ 
upon them. Much had becin 
sdd regarding the- case of the 
Duchess of Norfolk ; but -wWle 
his learned frienite, relying en 
their own resdurc^ only fur- 
nished themselves with Oo^ 
bett's Stale Trials, he imd:lli6 
Queens 8olleitor43ehetal ^ IhMl ' 
been obliff^ to' provide tliem- 
selves with the odginalJooraais 
idf the House. The x>ther side 
relied on the oelavo edi^lm,' 
while the original fi^o," whifeh' 
would be evidence in a Ocmtt^i^ 
Justice <if he biight:be alkoHMv 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


liErrBHBBft^ ^ mo. 


QottoiDiieh in tbelaee^the 
jidMs of the land, atid of ihciir 
Jpwfaips^ us. in the ^erawing- 
"^ 'paesenoi of tkat -^npeate^t of all 
)|kW iMjAoPities, tbe SolScitbr- 
General^ by wbom he^had been 
^rebuked Within the last half 
hour,) liad b^n pvoduoed in 
-oppottti0Bi to it From t^^t fo- 
il^ it Was evident that all that 
-tbe Attorney-General advanced 
<wat iobnded in error, and that 
aU Ibttt he (Mr, Brougham) had 
MQd was eonfirmed-by indispatr 
^ip^fikct <;k>d Ibrbid that he 
.aboiiUi ^ory or Iriomph over 
- the ama^ng' poweis : of Ins 
learned CdeXMls ; but it-did. hap-p 
^ pM,tbat about half ^ hoar ago, 
^M^ in tfaiB Hoose, for he hMl no 
-ebjecti<ki to specify times and 
jjikkoes'witli the ntmo^ possible 
• fr^eisioA)v.he had read ^the 46th 
•iid-4Tfh pajes ef the JourBals 
«f /thja* HMse of Lords, where 
'-^RMis elate$| die whole of what be 
v|i4d ventured to submit It there 
« mpfwte4 that ^he proctor of the 
i>iKAe6ir of Norfolk, had asked 
maay qoestions of the witnes- 
•aes, in ovder to ftlmisii liinself 
wi^ the means of asoertaamng 
*4beir ^coMkict and eharacfer^ 1^ 
:4iad -inquired /of Hsrgai^ Bd- 
-monds where was her last 
'9hode, Whether she was-sing^le 
^r married, with whom she now 
-lived, and other inte^rrogatories 
:•# She same sort; ^after which 
^fthe viraa swern,and not till tb^n. 
The same donrse was pavsned 
with Anne Burton; /she Wfs 
asked if she were a maid (he 
•kad yentured'^ to pot iio such 
qsestion to 4he 'witness erSa- 
"Smlay), whether she always 
Itad ' lived in Ghaace^4«ae v 

whether she bacT been serrant 
to the Lords F^rrei^ .and ue^ 
^on, and whether at the time 
of exaimnation^ sbe lifed'tit her 
own coiBt aild ofaar^^rtb the 
last, much to her cr^t, she aii^ 
sweted in the affirmative. Then 
she was sworn,and not till then ; 
and' the same mode was punmed 
with M other witn^isses, one of 
the last of whom" was Richatd 
Owen, and he walasked whe^ 
therhe was^kept by thd^Dkiko 
of Norfolk. But, said the At- 
torney-General, from his^reat 
i^uthority , Cobbett's State.l(^iafs, 
no copy of eharges and no l^t 
of witnesses was |piyen ; but 
from -the Journals' it was dear 
that the contrary was the trath. 
The Duchess.pentioned for them, 
but a difficulty was for r.tiiite 
thrown in the way by -a Latin 
protest delivered in by the Proc- 
tor, which, for the more ieasy 
eomprefaensioti Mt the House 'of 
Lords, must flr«t be translated 
into the vulgar. At lensA, 
however> the fist Was fornisbed, 
and most complete it was, for it 
went over the^Kfe and o^ciup^- 
tioutof every witness. for, ^ix Or 
eight preceding years, ^and then 
three further days were Allowed 
to^ the Duchess for inquiry. — 
Therefore, he said, wiUi alt pos- 
sible humility and deferelfice to 
the leiirned solfK^nnplacency 
of the Solidtor-Oeneral, with 
whom be was far iOdeed from 
putting* himself in competition, 
^r all that he (Mr. Brougham) 
had acquired had cOme rather 
by the grace. of GJod than by 
any industry or merit of his own, 
that tfte case completely bore 
him Out in aU tbe obseryMioitt 
4»e had made. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Mr. Br^vohjlm** M^ilV^E^TB. 


.11»e ATTQWlsEy-GBNElUL 

Wggfii to be i^Uowpd to ro- .c^i^bouid tomb-rSi^ki ^ho 

juftrk..^hai the ciuirgcs .a^jiMJ^t 
. tbe. Ducbcss of Norfolk only in* 
c)ud«d a pcriofl of ^ve ^npiitli^^ 
f^nd no^ of dv€ y^^rs. 

Mr. ,3iiou<;H4M 4nsweFed, 
tha$ if lUme yim-^ of .anv.<x)«&e- 
<}Uti^^pe t o b)fi ac^um^^, ItQ oould 

• j»how bere that the- . Au^^rney- 

Genqralwasagaitt m arror, for 
the-spciNiicatiQa allowed t^. the 

. Du^bc^s €Xtend<>d from Jann 
ary^ i'O^S, to iVngiwt 169J ; and 
if tlio fa^e course haul .been 
adoj^ted wi]tbir<^£:ai'd to her Afa- 
ieat^, slio tiu& mon^ut 

> bava ^tood before tlie world 4n 
a xeiji difl^'rent situation* So 
nuvch f<9r ih^ Aitomey-General- 
Ue.(M?, Brougham) felt inH- 

..Bitel^ «iior^ic»'o in^j^pcoackii^ 

( hU tnoKt 'leA^FOed.'Cttadjtttor* be- 
cuHj>:e }ie kneAVj.bU h^it (dwajs 
Nvas to tell .ihoir^^^yiaBeHi wKo 

;*' tQucbed jicac Uifii'*— "Clo ^- 

I way, Sir ; yoH^c fto Jawyor-*- 
,}oue|n be ne^. Jaw:.vor— you are 
;0«Aly the QueeH*^ ARorney-Ge* 

:iinora.U but! am iUe .*Hing'S So- 
licitorTGeAei:alv tli^refore i am a 

^la«vyo^. aud ^ most accomplish- 
ed ;lii>vyer7' That ua« a iact 

. ^ (Mr. I^r«u<;:hani^ could not 

, dia{>Hie or traverse^ and thai 
aloiie \va» ei)<?u^h to dete^ htm 
from attempting t» grapple with 
any df the arg^^uments addu(^ : 
}te felt a cortsciouH infc»efity.: 

' }io was kvyare that he was &tr 
bck>w the Kaoj^'s SoUoitor*Ge^ 
neral in canH ^^^ ^Q knewlodge : 
the .Solicitor^eiieral might say 

• that h^ was only "a little lower 
thanlbo Angels/' i^nd a very 
little it ^"as, if his own ^pjuiiofl 
were to bo t^hen : ' the * wonder 
there fore wa^, tlmt wi^h aU bis 

learoipg and greiitReJM he «ndd 

gunients used ag^inlt him. He 
(Mr. Drougbani) leit the big*- 
est aflmiraUon Cor tbcy ghf^- mm% 
■of wbom he wa% t^po^kto^; 
nothii^ he could say coold add 
one le^ %o the wreath of laurel 
he. had obtained — rtothjng b^ 
ooiild advance could give cFine 
mert ^park to the glory bolb 
he (the Solicitor -Qee^ral) and 
hi^ poswerful coadj^kMr bad been 
dail^ iiKreasii]g4Qring ^faift ili- 
vpstigatioa, and betare tba fMk- 
troos 0f this Bil^to who^i ih^ 
wore ii^debted for their welir 
uoerited ^rofessbnal. proQiolidn. 
P4yprio nuirt^ tbey. bad ae- 
quirpd inuQortai reput^tioq, aiid 
jH^Dcholy it was ^0^ ralect, 
that even these ine4» .ibe most 
illustrious and exalted df tbeir 
species, bad still aotpfb taini-<of 
the frailty <{f our coaimfm na- 
ture* Not only 1^ the^ mia- 
stated arguments, but4h<^ Iwd 
substitute one for aneihec He 
(hU. Brougbamj) bad iiev9K4ai4» 
th^ in a civil siHt tbo defefiddlt 
wa$ entitled to a particular #f 
,^H^ und place, but Uiatbe.had 
a right to such a particular, jas 
added to tbe 4^ntMts of iho 
declaration, made it a metier 
of absolute «e^taiaty tiiai be 
could not be taken by. surprise, 
but nmst come prepi9?ed inta 
Court. Lf .tbis were pot Iw- 
ttishedi a Judge w^d make 
aa order lor Sie parpesci^ «Ad 
in his own little experie^Me 
{never coinjNiriog it with that 
oi the King's SolicitQr-Oeiie* 
ral) this bad been done ovar 
and ever agab.. Bui ibis was 
not a civil action, nothing tike 
a civil action; and be asked wbe- 

Digitized b/CjOOglC " 


3«:PTeMBSR ft, .18-lQ. 


%het,i ia aU .criminal proceed- 
'ing^ certainty was not by law 
dccure4 to an iudi vidual accused ?^ 
A^mii coniMiitt^d for a felony 
tq York Ca^le^ and put in a 
coixjrsQ of trial ip Yorkshire, 
Iciiew that, tlie offence must be 
•charged to have been committed 
there \ but here the crime was 
^xteiKled over many years and 
over majiy quarters of the globe: 
Europe, Asia, and Africa were 
charged as the scenes of he; 
Majesty's adultery. In the same 
way an indictment was not for 
a series of felonious acts : it Was 
for picking: the pocket specifi- 
cally of A.. iB. a and not for a 
pocket-picking intercoi\rse of 
seven years of a man's life ; and 
there wa^ hardly an instance of 
a p^spn being put upon his 
trial in this couu try who was 
l^nqrant jof the precise tiature 
and extent pf. the charge, and 6f 
the place where the offence was 
alleged tp have bpen perpe- 
trated. A great deal had been 
said abput the necessity of lay- 
ing xlowii a rule as.;a |:uide for 
the (fJtoxle : far be Tt Som him 
jto o.bjecl to the utmost regu- 
larity, but U did seem a little 
strange that all of a sudden 
i»eii*4 minds were directed to 
proceeding's of this kind, as if 
Bills of Pains and ^Penalties were 
heceafte^ to lbr|)i a great chap- 
ter 10. th^ law of the land. Ue- 
^olotiojps might be made by the 
House not to draw certain mat- 
lem ii^to precedent, but that 
■was a bungling w^y of doing 
business, and he would seriously 
^ their lordships if they were 
boiind hero to act as^ if. Queen 
Jiills were'to become in future 
as •common as Turnpike-road 

aod Canal Bills? The argu- 
ment Imd been pusbed even thus 
far;, it was said, Ibatit wsis bet-^ 
ter that the iiniivid^ai in this 
particular case shoula suffer 
tbsUi that a permanent rule 
should not be Qstabli5hed.~ 
t^urely this argument, if good 
for any thing, miglit be pr^9sed 
both wavs, for be might ask 
their lordsfaipif to lay down a 
rule favourable to the Queen, 
and pressing hard uppn ber ao» 
cuser, in order that in future it 
mi^ht be adhered to inflexibly. 
Why was all the load t<y be cast 
upon the weaker party/ Why 
was a rule to be made at tbo 
cost of the Queen only'^ Tlia 
rule of layv, and tlie ordinary ~ 
merei^'ul presumptioa of judges 
vvas, thati^ was jbetter that ten 
guilty sboi'dd escape than that 
one innocent should suffer ; but 
now it was to be reversed at the 
instance of those two sages of 
the profession, and ^en innocent 
were' to be punished that oaf 
guilty might not avoi/i the^mor 
riled senteldce. But the Queea 
vvas in a situation of great dis- 
advantage coinpar^&d with bar 
prosecutors ; lier acquittal, nay, 
even her conviction, could not 
be pleaded io^bar of any further 
prpceedmg : this Bill might- be 
withdrawn and amended, agaiii 
withdrawn and again amended; 
toties quoties new measures 
mig^t be offered to their lord» 
ships against the Queen, and, 
session after session, she migh^ 
be put nppn her trial.»**-T}jls was 
no slight' difference ; and ano- 
ther important distinction bad 
been demonstrated Iklready by^ 
I the evidence, that the Queen's 
1 accusers had a power of procure 

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\ 4M 

\ng witnesseB wliich slie coold 
not enjov. Not only^ were large 
sums - tft'^tbeih •c6niiiiiand->-Qot 
oalywas force wed where brib- 
ery failed^ biit the forei|:ii force 
^for the conclusion was if reebtt- 
i>le) ased to- bring* the King's 
wttnesseS'WOidRi not be empk^- 
ed. to make those of the Queen 
oome. Further, the same force 
(biMd eifectiuil in driving the 
King^s witnesses over Would be 
e^rted to k^p the Queen's 
wititeases back. He did not 
fkfofess to be 80 deeply skilled 
in hnmah natiire as bis learned 
friends^ but be guessed that the 
same power Which snid to one 
man, " Go over to give evi- 
>lence against the Queen/' was 
«iot likely to tell another/ ^ Go 
.you to give evidence in horfa- 
*vour." He might assume even 
triore; tbe government which 
told the i^n^s witnesses to stay 
ftway/firom England at their 
f>eril, woiild warn those of the 
ttneen to go to England at their 
peiil. Upon these grounds be 
left the ca$e with the House, 
-without at nil pretending to be 
ablie -to estiihate either the . im- 
•portanoe of new impending dif-' 
ficullies, or of those in which it 
was ahreac^ Involved. He had, 
lof course, no right to ofifer an^ 
^vite or suggestion to their 
lord^ip^; and perhaps-^ 

'—. — .** Should Uiey wade no more, 
"•* RrturnJng %cre as tedious as go 


The ifollowing Address has 
been presented to ber Majesty 
from the city of Litcfatfeld: — 





im iTB» KiNoiioii ew < aasAT aa'i* 

' TAIV AND Xa^l4A9iD, 

" We, the undersigned, your 
Majesty's most dutiful and loyal 
subjects, inhabitants of the city 
of Litchfield, beg leave toxi^n- 
gratulate your Majesty on y0ur 
accession to the dignity of Qneeh 
Consort of these realms, and on 
your arrival in this lun^doQi; 
and to 'express our admiration 
of .that firmness and decision of 
character with which your Ma- 
jesty refbsed to comj[>fomise your 
honour and your interests, which 
are so intimately connected with 
the honour and interests of the 
state, for the pecuniary consider- 
ations held out to you by h{$ 
Majesty's ministers. 

" We beg leave to offer ouV 
sincere oondol^ncd to vour M^-^ 
jesty on the loss of those En- 
deared relatives, wbose friend;-' 
ship and protection fortbed in 
other days an insurmountable 
barrier to the unmanly and in* 
triguihg malice of vourenetaiies. 

*' We view with the utmost 
di&quietdde and aUrm^ the iii»- 
just and imconstitutional pro- 
ceedings instituted against your 
Majesty in the House of Lords ; 
by which it is intended to britig 
your Majesty to the form of a 
trial, neither recognized by law> 
nor sanctioned, by justice. 

'* As loyal subjects of the 
Crown, and as determined sup- 
porters of that glorious consti- 
tution, which, when it throned 
the l^tng in power^ fenced the 
people round with just laws and 
sacred privileges, we are happy 
in this assurance, that of our at- 

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SspTCmn *i, 18^: 


Udmient to yovr Majesty/ tQ 
reoord our dissent from thitt sys- 
lenf i^-poHty by whieli the "paj- 
skMte of the tCing* have been ex^ 
cIlGNl/iiid Iiis judgment misled ; 
attd'wbieh vroiild seek to de* 
gMde and dethrbJAe yotir Ma- 
jes^ by a l6g;jslative measure, 
wJbieb IE ^(n4liofiii precedent, ex- 
ceptlft tbe "mftit period of oor 

To which, her Mcjesty was 
plea^to return the following 
gracious answer :— r 

^ i lejnk^ to find that the 
8|M|ntof oonstitutioDal loyalty is 
alibnakting) the inhabitants of the 
city of Litchfield ; and tb^ hate 
had the cowage to eidiibit that 
spirk in tfias honest dedaraCion 
of their KttaduBent to a i^ueeii 
in adversity. 

' " li^)ii8tiof» has aliifrayB a na- 
tand enenjy in (the heart of man. 
Ckn I then woMletr diai the bar- 
hatOos injtnflteby which I have 
been aoloilg pefseeated/should 
have found sucb a deterniiied 
foe' in the hearts of Englishmea, 
thc^^gfr { connot boast of having 
beDDjmuch cheered by the iym- 
p«thy- of our veoefable hier- 
anhyf lin members of that 
saeied eoi^ra^a bare ^BKit, .in 
gelieral, iitepped forward with 
tha€ albcrity of benevolence, 
which ii the beat characteristic 
of moaoj^histicated piety, to pour 
oil and wine into mybleo&in^ 
weimds; or to sooth me with 
thiit' ^fr balm of genuine Itind 
neas, v^hieh &> supposed to be 
pcfrpc^aalty deseendipgffom the 
tree of evan^lical charity, that 
cbversthe saulotutft^. 

•' The real elevation of sove- 
re^n^c ^ in ^ {^roportioii to the 

rink which they hokl in the 
affections of tib^ people. The 
hatred of nations ik the true Ig- 
nominy of kings. It is tlntt 
WhicH deprives the Orowii oflts 
lustre, and makes the sc^tre 
weaker than a rieedf * > 

'* If I should be deprived of 
my ''constittttFonai .rigbts, • and 
ray royal dignity, my degrada- 
tion will be less. real than that* 
Of my oppressor... I shall rise 
in the estimi^ion of mankind ; 
but he^ whose persecutfojRi has 
made so lai^ a portion of .^ 
Hfo One continued scene of.ii^- 
quietude and misery, wiii not 
readily coii«|uerti»e strong aver^ 
sion h4 has incurred, or recover 
the good o^nion he has lost. 

'^ As far as any ]!^onarc^ per- 
tains 6f the imperfections .of 
humamty, "he is liable to be go- 
verned by his passions ; nut 
\^eh thiB passioni preside %t the 
helm of goven^nents, nations 
perish in storms.'' . 

The following Address has 
been presented to her Majesty 
from the parish of St. Matthew, 
Bethnal Qteen. 

♦* to THE QtTEBtl's MOST 1X0RI,LKKT 


" The loyid and dutiful Address 
of the Vestrymen of the Parish 

, of St. MaUhew, Bethnal 
Green, in the county of Mid-^ 
dlesex> in Vestry assembled; 

" We, your. Majesty's m^st 
clotifol and faithful subjects, the 
ChurchMrar^ns, Overseers, Go- 
vernors, and Directors of the 
Poor, and Vestrymen of the- 

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Parish of St. Matthew, Bethn^ 
Green, bog to approach ^-our 
Majesty to offer our seutiment« 
of bomlolence. and coag:ratula- 
tioa at this tBomentous' and im^ 
po^tant crusiii. ^ . 

" *nie painful boreavements 
^ith which it has pleaded Fro vi- 
cience .to visit your Majesty, are 
events which have proved as 
calami toiU and . distressin<^ to 
your Miyesty, as they, have been 
snbjects of deep sorrow and af* 
.fliction lo this portion of your 
Majesty's people : is with 
feelingfs of unaffected regret, 
t^iat we condole with your Ma« 
jesty upon these, acute visita- 
ttooi, $o afflicting in their con* 
sequ0nces to your royal and pa- 
rental heart/ and so disappoint- 
ing: to the hopes of all your 
Majesty's loyal and adectionate 

** The arrivai of your Majesty 
la this ooiitttry, after an absence 
of several years, was an event 
which ;We hailed with sincere 
pleasure and grratifTcation; aud 
we congratulate your Majesty 

rn your late return to a peo- 
who have never ceased to 
feel a participation in y ju^ many 
)>ersecutions and sufl'ering's, or 
to admire the firmness and ge- 
nerosity of your Majest3's mind; 
'' Much as w/B lahieut tlio de- 
termination which hus been 
adopted of preferring- certain 
charfi-es ao'ain.s^ jour Majesty, 
which in their nature and proof 
are so repugnant to all moral 
feeling, so pregnant with objeo- 
tionabla consequences, and so 
hostile to ^very sentiment of 
British justice and generosity ; 
>^t, in our ^tiniation, tbo mode 
cii proceedii^, which marks the 

progress Of the accusation agnitU) 
jour Majesty', is infinitely more 
importfint to the proper adminis- 
tration of public justice, and the 
m tresis of every subject in, the 
Brittshempire, Venerating tb# 
constitution of this great Dation, 
and being iSrmly attached to the 
House of Brunswick, we bavo 
beheld with profound sorrow 
and regret the eXtraordiiiary 
proceedings adopted . tO\Vards 
your Majesty. Those princi|>iei 
of public justice which form and 
govern the course of the^ accu- 
ser, and also the safeguard and 
protection of the acons^» ap- 
pear to us to have heen ,vioii^ed 
in the case of your Majesty ; and ' 
^ method of proceeding an6niift- 
loiisln its eonstittttioa, aad op^ 
pressive io. ila cbatacter, has 
been instituted, alike detrimen-*^ 
tal to your Majesty's cause, and 
to the liberties and priviiegea 
of the people of this couptry. ' 

" In reviewing the varioitt 
efforts directed against your Ma^' 
jesiy's honour and peace, and 
the nuniberless msults wfaicb 
have been offered to your Royal 
PenMHi, combined with thefu* 
tile attempt to seduce the in* 
tegrity of your Majestv by 
a proposition, to compound your 
Royal and legitimato Rights 
and Title ; we know not whe«* 
ther most to admire the mag-* 
nanimiiy and dignity of miod 
which instantly detected, dcspii* 
ed, and ex!posed such machina-. 
tions, or to express our indig** 
natioo and disgust upon such at-^ 
tempts and practice; being dis* 

" The sevictre tri^ to wfaich 
your Miye^ty has been subjeek- 
ed>>nd the defeat of every. ft«* 

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SEPT£Mfttll^, IS^- 


|MBk' which has hitherto bees 
.ofi^eeted ag«inst 3rour Majesty's 
hopour aiMl cHgmiyi impresses 
OS with the unalterable don^ 
Viction that the daughter of the 
lUnstrious Dukeof Birnnswick, 
thq Consort of our Royal Sove- 
reign," and the Mother of our 
erer-to-bc-latnenfed Princess 
Charlotte, is worthy of the 
honoiir, devotion^ and loyalty of 
the People of thi6 Country: and 
tfiat accnsations preferred and 
supported by efforts erery way 
' repnhensibie^and by means the 
90st objectionable, will^ if per- 
si^d in,«bQiLS<5Uree of histin^ 
.regret to ourselve5» but at the 
saoie time a subject which can- 
' i^t fail of animating on behalf 
fd* your Majesty the feelings of 
ercry honourable, independent, 
iad generous mind/' . 

To whi/eh Address her Majesty 
i«fiftiied the following gracious 
ai^wer :— 

*'^fbe Churchwardens, Over- 
seers^ and Vestrymen of the 'p«i- 
rir^ of St. Matthew, Bethnal- 
greeiif are requested to accept 
11^ con&l thanks for thi^ spori- 
taneeos tribute o( jafteotiofiate 

. •• The pr^cnt mode of pro- 
OBcding against me in the House 
of Lords, may ivell. alarm those 
who have any regard fo> the po« 
litfoil welfiure or the moral in- 
terest of the nation. Though 
the priaiary object of the Bill of 
Fslhs and Penalties is to divorce 
ine ftom his Majesty, yet it is 
l^poGritically pretended that his 
BGyeaiy is not a party in the 
case. An abstract term is em- 
ployed, in order to cover the 
deception, ancl the state is sub- 
stituted for his MaJcbtV/ But the 

state, if ft means any thing, rtinst 
nic4n the people, collectively con- 
sidered ; but the people, c^lA- 
tivcly considered, instead of de- 
siring a dissolution of my marriag«» 
with his Majesty, hiivc expressed 
the most indubitable de&fre tliat 
thai marriage may not ,bc an- 
nulled, but that 1 rtiay rcrtiain 
Queen Consort of theses reaTms, 
and be invested with all the 
rights, prlvrl^eS, and immnf^i- 
tics which the law has appro-^ 
priated to that Royal dignity. 

•* To preteftd that hjs Maj<>sty 
is iTot a party, tlnd the sole com- 
plaining party in this great qwes^ 
tlon, is to render the whole bu- 
siness a mere moekery*— the re- , 
probation of the good, tho jest, 
of the thoughtless, and the con- 
tempt of the v^ile. His Majesty 
either does or does not desire 
the divorce wlji(?h the Bill of 
Plains and Penalties propoi^s to 
accomplish ; if his M?yesty does 
tiot desire the ditorce, it is cer- 
tain that the state' does not de- 
shro it in his stead ; And if the 
ilivorce is the dcsite of his Ma- 
jesty, his Majesty (^ugh"t to seek 
it on the same terms as his Mib- 
jects; for, in a linrited mo- 
narchy, the law is one and the 
satne "for all : or otherwise, tho 
mere volition of the ]\lonarch is 
pnranwunt to the law ; and the 
Government becomes a des- 

Tho following Address w«s 
voted unanimou.*ly at one of the 
most numerous meetings- that 
overtook place in the Cohimnrt, 
Hall of Shcflleld. It beaVs ihq 
signatures of upwards of eigh^ 
thousand inlwihitants of the town 
of Sheflield :— 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




co;«iiomT OF his.xajbstt gboros 

IRELAND^ Ac. ' . \ « 

*' The loyal and dutiful Address 
of the inhabitants of the town 
' and vicinity of l^heffieid, m the 
county of York, 

'/We, your MTi^ty's most 
faithftil subjects, beg* leave to 
approach year Rfiyesty with un* 
feigned professions of affection 
for youf royal person; and to 
cong^atuiitte your Mi^esty on 
your 'Tptum to this oounU^— * 
a country that now calls you 
Queen, fti)d which we re^t 
that your Majesty should ever 

'' li^ addressing you on this 
occasion, permit us to assure 
your Majesty, thai the niaiiy de- 
privations you have, sustained, 
have touched . a .chord ini our 
hearts, and bound us to your 
royal person by the tenderest 
lies of sympat%. Sinee your 
first arrival in this country, great 
and various afilictibiis have be* 
fiillen you ; the prop and'stay of 
your Qlustrioiis House has l>eeiii 
withdrawn by the hand of death ; 
his lateMafostyOeorge ill. King 
of England, your most gracious 
friend and powerful protector, 
now slumbers in the grave ; and 
that sainted spirit, who called 
you mother — she on whom a 
natioii's hopes and highest ex- 
pectations v^ere fixed, a(ttd whose 
untimely death filled every heart 
with mourning, and every eye 
with tears, can no longer solace 
you 'with her ailiBCtion. 

" Sincerely lamenting these 
deprivations, to which your Ma* 
jeijty has been subjected, we 

oflbr you our *eojddolu^ ; -^bA 
uncfer the new. ^ctioa. that 
now assails you, we.heartily and 
most unfeignedly pray, thatyoiir 
BCajesty, aided by the afli^ons 
of a loyal people, may. AndQly. 
triumph ov^r your aceusefs* and 
j>ut to shame the iboliahnen of 
evil m^n. We heartily disi^ 
prove of and sincereLy coaderan 
that spirit of hostili^, whidi has 
too evidently characterised, ihe, 
strange proceedipgs instituted 
against your I^iEJesty4 ^^ ^^ 
mode in which they have bir 
therto been carried on, we re^-,. 
gard as harsh, oppressive, and 
repug^nant to the liberalspiri^of 
that constitution under, which 
we live* , 

'* In this free expression of 
our condolence, our wishes^ ^nd 
opinions, permit us to assupe.. 
your Hiyesty of our ^Nlmiratioii 
of the i^agna^miMis conducjfc yam 
have invariably displayed onder 
circdhistances .and cha^^ re- 
volting to your ^atore^ and 
which we are fiilly. pewiaied 
nothing but a feeling of oonsci- 
bus innocence cou)d have ena^ 
bled you so pobly to ^staifu 

'*' Thomas, ' 
" Chairman." . ' ' 

Jtler Majesty returned the fol- 
lowii^ most gracious aiiswer:-A 

," I shall never be ufumodM 
of the obligation. which the i|^^ 
habitants c^ the town of. She^ 
field and its vicinity ha^ve con- 
ferred upon pie^ by this honest 
testimony of their fervent seal 
for my interest, their topdi^. 
sympathy for my sorrows^ and 
their generous resentment of my . 
I wrongs. 

" Though benefits ought to 

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Septkmber^ IS^O. 


be wntteA in marble, and in-* 
juries, in the dust, -yet the inju^ 
ries I have en^nr^d have been 
too idany ha number, and too 
ginetXMis in kind^ to be readily 
obliterated from my reeollection. 
But,, ihoogpb my memory retains 
Ihe impc^on, 1 have; not suf- 
fered thft spitit of revenge to 
taikk^in my breast It would 
bate been well forme, -and per^- 
haps not ill for the country, if 
my oppressor had been as free 
irODi malice as mysflf *, for what 
is it bo^ naMce, of the most un- 
mbced pature, and the most un- 
retenting' « character, which has 
looted my path, and waylaid 
my al^, dimnga long period 
of twe9^-flve years ? Malice of 
this deaeripttoDjt of such long 
eoiithiuanoe,' and such e;xtcaor^ 
dtnary intensity, has certainly 
be^D productiye of great misery 
tomyaelf; but I may well re« 
prsas lbe.$entiments of revenge,, 
when l> reflect that it must have 
been productive of much more 
iaqttietude in that mii^ which 
couM listen to, its suggestions, 
and in thsit bosom whidi could 
cberoh a spirit so adverse to 
goodness, and so incompatible 
vrith happiness/' 

Her Mi^sty returned the fot- 
lowingtgradous Answer to the 
Addr^ from Bolton, in the 
county of Lancaster :—- 

'* The inhabitants of Bolton, 
in the county of Lancaster, and 
its vicinity^ have convinced me, 
by* this unaffected testimony of 
their regard, that they sincerely 
sympathise with ifiy sulTerings^ 
and that they consider the inju- 
ries done to me as done to them- 

selves.* Every loyal 6ut>|6ctiVrK 
mediately identifies his intorest 
wi^ that of hi^ Queen; (br; 
it is only by supporting his 
Queen against her enemies, 
that he can * protoct hiidself 
froon the peril of tyranny, or 
his children (h>m the certainty 
of servitude. 

. " If the desperato fttetio'n, 
which is at once an enemy to 
the genei^ ltb^rty, and^to in-:, 
dividual happiness, shall siio^ 
ceed in accomplishing the pro- 
ject of my degradation, the na- 
tion will have ^^ safeguard * 
agaiast the inr6ada of despbt^ 
ism. When every sacred pHn-' 
.ciple of the ConstitutioA, every 
protecting rtde *of the L^w,* 
every hallowed maxiteof Equi- 
ty, can, in the person of the 
Queen, be outraged Whh im"* 
punity, what is to preserve 
any other subject frcwr sniilar 
oppression! < 

" That system cannot* be 
good which is'-at war with the 
spirit of the age-^which canxiot 
exist without dimhiidiing thb 
common- stock of Mttonal liber* 
ty> without stopping the free 
circulation of opinions, or •n-* 
bridging the' intellecttial free- 
dom of man. That system <mn- 
not be good which can extin«^ 
guish the charities Of neigh- 
bourhood, abato the love of 
country, and produce the de- 
sire of expatriation. Men will 
run away from misery ; but 
that misery must be extreme 
which Causes them to forsake 
the graves of their lathers, 
and to leave the land of their 

" When the people of Eng- 
land so g^enerously sympathise 

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WfCb My sfilStmgs, I should 
kave oo heart ai all» t>r only 
a iieaf I of stoi>e, if. 1 did nol 
partieipat0 m ibeir^ socrowsr 
and condole with tfaeir wroi^s. 
Mv •yfnpalhi«8 all barmoaise 
with time e/ the paople , we 
have oae common lAtefest; 
and that interest is one aad in* 

Her Majesty's Answer to the 
Address (torn Bkidpbrl was as 
follows >— 

*' U alforda me great salislac* 
tion to find, that t^ worthy In- 
habitants of Uie Borough of 
Bridpott are so eordially at^ 
taehed to .tlie luSU interests of 
; their Que^, and tltat they so 
feehngly deplore the losses, and 
to wamniy. deprecate the indig:- 
Biliea, 1 have experieneed.. 

^ As malirinty and talsebopd 
iisii#Hy> in the end, mar tbcir 
own prefects and defeat their 
own.icbeine^ 1 trust it will be 
aoiiAtike present m^tiinc^riiiid 
Ihlit asv triolnpb over lay ene- 
sriaa liiilV be aceei^rated by the 
V90C(mt with whioh I have 
In^b persecuted^ 

.*' ikv prestuniag' to si{ m 
jtidgnient on dy cowhict, and 
to %«es(ioft my tnoral tiCuess 

(or the lii^h station wlikJi f oc-» 
cupy, the House of Loffds have 
b^an to institute ^ pre(iedent> 
^t may, sooner or later, beat; 
tended with the most momeat^ , 
Otis consequences. If the floes'* 
tioD of moral fitness be appli-* 
cable te a Queen Ck)naert, why. 
may it not hereafler be* appTied 
to the Monarch on the Throne f 
Some future House of Lords,, 
following the righteeua ex- 
ample which llie ftresnit hay 
set, of a moral inqoisitioii iatc^ 
the IHe of their Queen, aniy; m 
lis wiedom, deturpiiiie to wceat 
the steptre from any King wb» 
is not a perfect patlcf n of io* 
bemess^ chastity and godliaesa. 
But as those who assume .th»' 
ofiiee of moral ceii86rs» on§/kt 
themselves to'be ei^empiajpy te 
every. virtue, perhaps the peoptr 
may hereafter step m amiiH 
quire whether the inquMloif 
themaeives can euflure -the-MiH' 
ral ordeal of a similar m^iqis^*^ 
tion I If he only, wlio is \n^ ' 
out sio^ is te cast the first sjtOBO^ 
may it not be a 4»lie^eu$ 4(i^y 
in mo to invoke the mercy .of ac 
Hi§rher Power upon that-ti^-* 
nal which, in my ci^, if^^K 
p*avely exercising tin iacott-f 
gruous fuDctiom of the' Aoeuser^ 
the Jud^, abd tUc'LegblMei^''' 

P rlnt««J by W. BKNifou, ^00 Ktrand.~rrtce 
S iijlcncu lUirpcnny Ifi uie Countrj . 

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T0L.a7.--N0. S.] tciNDON, 8ATUKDAY, S«pt.9, WeO; fl*ri«, &1. 



On the Iteal Cause of Ae Perse- 
cutions carried on againsf 
the Queen. — On ffie Manner 
in which the Public Money is 
expended. -^ On Lord John 
^'^^kitssett and the Whigs. 

', ,^ .. linden, 8^|iidpl>ejrA:lW>^. 

\ ^fmer^ first eatnted^ I then tpid 

; }m} tliflt^ I)m8 «ffair W6uld> be- 

\:ftpe;it:¥r^<>«6r>dQ more inejK- 

i^^SHtiA^-^M^^al t^furacter %nd 

i:^i#Wi^1tfliiflr wieSiedWv^Ftfkriea, 

stt^iiubrv^ bad yet t^eeO'Cloiie* If 

ypVL look back to my Letter; to- 

r i^ ft^nt, No; I, publwM in, 

^:iBpOAg o£ %S19, you ^ifUl 

, jybefie Be^ ekwrly explainefl all. 

. ibe oQiKtot of am enemies tp- 

wafda tto . lU^al Family. T^ 

mot^ea for tibat conduct wore 

alio Miy explainM. I then de- 

tailed many instaaces pf tlmt 

policy, which has con3,tantly h^d 

' • -. , • - . , 

foritso^ect to make the ,Royal 
Family and the people hy^te and 
9Q8pect each other ;.io order 
that both mig^ht b^ the Qiore ' 
easily tyrannized over. 

The same motive bas actuate 
thia band of men: or, as ter 
l^ajjest^ hers^elf ca}U t^^eiPe tbts . 
grefdfjua$e, upon the present 
occasion. Nothing waac so well 
calculated to roUse tfaeif appre- 
hensioniias a Roya) Personage, so 
endowed as to mental cap 

30 foil of integrity^ possessed of 
so many amiable qualities, ^ the 
Queen.. The arrogant and 
l^^reedy junto always b&ted her. 
They hated her because she \va6 
so w^U decrying of public love 
and confidence. But, to ^e her 
return and to exercise the func- 
tions of Queen, after all the ex- 
perience she .had gained in her 
travels, filled them ev^n with 

PHbM and |nibU«lieir by W.Bawaow, W, Strand. 

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To THE iUCtO»tI£R8; 


terror. They were not igiiontot, 
ii yim were> 6f the proof, thai 
she had given of the wonclerful 
extent of her nnderstiEindtbg', 5f 
^ her dauntlen intrepidity, 'of h^r 
rxfre humanity ; and, Which mad^ 
theln hate her fanbre than alt the 
rest, of her openfy avowed at- 
tachment to the cause bfliberty. 
They knew that We should 
bear, in time, of her great and 
giorioiiiads: Theylcnew ih^t 
we ahoidd be informed of the 
flttMlr in whtdiabe ka;d ex- 
poinded VH» obtoparativeTy trif- 
Hng MUi^trhfoli she hadlieen al- 
IMMfltm^iy; tfioogh she h«r- 

' Mf B^r boasted'and nev^reven 
mentioned' Iter niimeroiis acts 
Of hnmanity and generosity.' 
They Imew ihat we shoiild be 
in^med tbiit she employefd \\ibr 
purse and all her |)dwer8of per^. 
suasion to set captive Chr&tr 
ianifreeon the coast of B&fba- 
ry ; and Aat, when at Atb'eia£|, 

' she opened the fail doors irfth^ 
debtors. They knew that we 
should soon discover her inces 

^ sant care ifid anxiety with re 

gard to the needy and the (^ 
IMNMMd. They hoem that her 
fostering hand couM never Be 
kept stilfwiiileiYBisery was to be 
-discovered in the land.^, Tbey 
cleariy foresaw that, in her gra- 
cious condeaeensioB, in her ever 

active^b^evolwce,in bef indes- 
try, vigilance and watcMblniees 
as to the public good, in herten- 
derness tovi^ards the piboj^ ^mM 
air occasions: tbey dearly fere-t 
alKwtiiat faiilt these vife sbogld 
findtiie <enttapt t e mp 4a4ie tt %> 
noiake c6mfMrtsoBs thai wsomld 
place their smeganee, -^ttmlbr 
ignctance, th^ greedineBS/aild 
their l^rutal hamkieSB of bea#t, 
in a light ten ^oniand litite 
nme^^BeiM than tfci^ in whksls 
they befote appeal u e<ir 
Vi*»w. : 

r *Heve vre bee the -^«MMa eaf d 
this i^mly. real daiuAe^^iidlv^e 
eiMs lo degrade h^^Mnjeti^, 
tfn kc^'^ber from «!tbe eomiti^, 
and, when arrived ^0^, te^drare 
Aer/hee^fit I -bag yeiir;«iy 
friends, to pm y^ur amti^i^n 
dewn to this point. Be not 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC ^ 


€x)^iite^ wbo lM?«f bed^ dn^ 
up in a tortmuk,Mkto^mla€kJanm^ 

and W daftcnbewhow Ihwaadi 
characlatm would, tetpnpb ttkf^ 
Umgi^ or peitoC a MOi^giil^r 
wHh iill the; jibmtec^civir .0^ 

fi>re that to.a>imin»f ^wTiM^^iib 

And, aji to thd fedimg^ if^if^j 

with ai^ #lher cAtiae. 
*VliitristiiaMal«awe4 andfawi 
tluafeet tba moit iaiportant in*- 
fiMoaes aieia be drawn. Tha 
iMtMiea^f p Mp a fv ui g the nuh- 
fph oC the: coanlry mtot be 
ftke; becaase her Mifnty 
«avht:bji¥e. eHlioyed i# pfiaoely 
itup^eaant oat expeooe; ougfat 
Ml^lh^aUber dayi ia that 
iti^teioas utale whieh hitiheen 
10 Mad^ isonbed to her Jii^- ^ tp/jrtie |f!»^Ui^^:tbe 

ipgbiJbate hem mmUmm^m 

|pmteiidi^4«»r«f tAwAff^ #i 

aj^yal; Ifoeiit, at la^a GHrip jof ,'t<My|Hi ft)|i^^ )mJ^ I^JfsX^nim 
WU'.v^tgbi bam been ya/tfo^ ^omff^im^hmff^^ 
ddoed aa AaeaB of Garland at dcrtaHable tf)eFPMe«<;9 ! ^tt^. 
•Jbra«a Cenrtplhece. tavfaavcf OtQeo^ jba4*)N»9)to )»liieT|^vlw 

Hived Ml open j^i h J lgry tbwfar 
Ifcr litfa <i^ Qaeira df Jbi£fMM<« 
It k, t^ceibie, iaipoisible that 
% pfeseiw 6ua^ taeridi could 
have b^ea the abject. Agtiiii^ 
cmltllfiadto db pres^rvatioir 
ef 01^ abraliv ta^lay belbiia m 
Ihder:4mh3r wa dl^fttsting de- 
lA,^whi<h liavb' new beeBi 
^Qrfiigilltrao weritt^ditiy dnivB 
%tlh fecMft the dieltlhllererea^ 
iaias ijipio )ha?e.?been bloaght 
all;lhe .w^ tern Ualy at our 

CMMogaiif lit imiMiie t|^ i^^ 
beve beenatteiafited te.^nLbia 
wtf» Mid QiMiea to^UiM asimA 
at Aome fareiffa «oart jftjopea, 
adalteiy ^ Jier 4liora; goaU^ 
thU hityb lelialraA IbQ JaeGi^ . 

o(a»iKliareA4aid)iMJ P^/bM 
feefoifs to.te tetiercKl Iq^^e 

beartlychaifeafuMl^theraieM ef 
bew^y^'.evailaqpd g^aa agatoat 
hia wife, e»e» aoppdnhyrtha 
iMa>le to have .beeilaatnietia it 
19 Botorieiai^ fiibaf Be»ide% 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

508 To tte RtrORtt£ft«. 

upon Uk suppoflil^ that the 
eMOries qf >1iie Qmeeh fbought 
t)te oittrfei tt>«e> ttey »u»t hfn»r 
iMii «iMired that tte Imband's 
cmduet iiroiM Mt pass irvfthoat 
8triet#0qtky ; attd tbat.thoogfh 
Ike wife tfaoal^ prove goilfy, 
Ait fedingt H^nld wnderga 
pMMnient saeh' as hotnaii f(^>- 
lugs h4l^6 seidbflD been toown to 

Tiisrefete, U whatever li|rht 
w^ 'irlew the watlar^ we see: 
tlitt the pfetettces aAmtt the nio- 
rAlt of tte eoamry and the «sM- 
iiigb of the Khigr ftre totally 
iiUe ; aodnhht all the ^ortr to 
iMitiih the (^een from the 
eoantty ar^se soMjrdat of that 
^md %iiteb the arrogadt and 
grt^ junto, under whose lash 


scctition Wterlfcjesty has pi^-^^ 
cMf 4lie sftm^ melJt?^ as^^at 
of alt tfa«^ persecutions; carri^ 
on ag^ainst the Reformers* Thia' 
is a tUng* never to be kwt sl^t , 
of; for; if w6 do nei ktep^'it 
steadRly in vi^w; we shall not 
only be |tt a loss to fieoounl for' 
the past and present cotidiict of * ' 
the enemy; but, we Aall be uta- 
prepar^' for what is yet to' 
comi. • ^ 

You are not to conel«de>t|Mit: 
because the enemies of ber Ma--' 
jesty have brought their ofMre 
into a despmte sta^, th^ were- 
drivm into". Ae' measaret tbkt 
th^haveaiUfMed. They^r^ 
ttinly nev^ woqld have eof^ 
tered on the struggle, if theyf 
^ had imagfined, that things wouUr 

arose <Aitid( 4iei9dfead;4baiin 
tei-llbSesty/the Qiueeuiitke <^ 
pressel parted thepeople woirid 
Ibid aftieM)/ a prop, a support, 
a Ibotidation ^f |iope of better 
JtKjfB; I htiif you to 'pm down 
y^yr metuwn to tKa potiit ; 
aad y6ii willUnd, .that this per-; 

wohaive so )0Bgbeen emtrting/ ever have come to the preetnt 

pais* Mark their vj»rogre«#rt 
when they V lettered the. ffo^rdi 
atf^t. Omeir$, Aey expected it 
to be eflBtetuid. . Th^y^ Were dik 
aj^point^ in that.- Wb^n Aejr 
broie^ forth firatfi Bag^^mHj^' 
did not know/nor did they iiit<^ 
grne, tbtft they should hiive -(1^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^^FTfSMBER 9, 1^820. 


in 1817^ ^ l^Uig in a BilU wd 
pfUMit».U ppwible, iqpwiib^ B»* 
ports of U^os# Coflupilteei ; aid 
thitt. io dispose, of Ihe ^iDiefii 
wUhooi any more ooryamoy^^ 
This is my opinioii ; aiu|» wl^r 
should th^ not tak» this counsel 
Thoy hsd pr$c^detU ((>r H aU 
UuMHigb. In 1^7, Gre^ Bags 
had beeo^fiUed; secnet jcomtBii* 
tees bad bean formed, ipfH^U 
oi iboae^ coaimittees bad beeii 
made, and^ uppo those jrepoctf» 
wilboiU either Hoo^ .^eiof or 
haariog any evi4^Ace,aBill was 
brought io and passed, io a few 
hours, which bill ^aatded the 
Mioisters to shut upi in any pn- 
son that they pleased, any one 
that they might choose to au^* 
pea of trtoBonable pradice$^ 
a^d io keep him Jo prison as 
long as t|^y ptfE^ed, without 
any charge made against hiip, 
without letting him know who 
were his accusers, and withofit 
f« th^ had nb thought of a | aiegr evidence at all of wbioh ha 
loal of any sort 1 believe, that ! had any knowledge. Petitions 

nofu^'.io €OBte#d against. Re- 
eoOe^t that the Green Bags' 
a^ade their, appearaope £{^e 
the Queen ftfriptd in London. 
Those Bags were sent to the 
Hous^. about the time that 
liar Miyesty^ was coming up 
Shooter's Uil}« and (Ull.two 
. tipttrs l^efore^ ^he came and 
cao^ that inemorable shojit 
from Westminster Bric^e^ I 
am of optnibn, that, if that shoiit 
liad b<sen. beard a day sooner, 
we nei^ should hanri^ seen ^he 
Bsga. , .. 

We see w^at a mess, what a 
picklOi, the trial has put the 
jQueen'/s enemies ^9; and we 
iaill them fools for dloostngjto- 
hate a trial Fools enough 
they are ; but, I must do thipm 
the. lustic^ to say, thf 1 1 firmly 
beKeve, that they were not 
IboU enough to think of a trial, 
at the time when they filled the 
fefpi! I h^liew, that,, at tkcit 

jt|i»Q)y Inteiided to propose Secr^ 

fimmtUf0, and, as W tinr case, petitioners to prore the rfpoiie 

weie presented, pledgii^ tbe 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

iS07 To rvat RsFoniicfti 

^ be ftdse, and pii^ngr thai 
tfiiise p^Hlidneft miglit be heturd. 
Tkese pdtitidii» were r^eeted. 
The ftiB was paftMi. Noineroos 
hmoeekit and most v^fthy men 
were seized, had fheirdwellingfs 
rflted anci their papers taken 
away, were shut up in prisons, 
kepi there for nearly a year, 
and then tamed out to gt> hoiiie 
* to tb^ir ruined fofliilies, wiihout 
^ofdy trud, and without oyer he- 
^li^ informed of any offence that 
they kad conmiitted or of any 
accuser. And, after alt this, 
anotheir Bit! was pasised to pro- 
tect against the penalties of th^ 
laws, all ihose who tiad trans- 
gt^essed the pvotisions even \>t 
thhtiorrid dungeoning act. 

WJiy ,ihen, are we to suppose, 
fbai it wsis meant to give the 
Queen any trudl I am quite 
satisfied^ that it was not meant ; 
and, ihai^the talk about a trial 
WQUld never Have been heard, 
had it not b^en dist^ov6re^,'that 
" ilie people never would have suf- 
/' fered her to be sacrificed in the 


Reformers were IB lil*7. ' TUa 
discovery was very sdon Mi/toj; 
and tl^ii it was, that her M^ 
mies begaihto talk about a Tfud. 
So that we are not to settli^ 
present miseinnDle iftate don^'to^ 
premediUOed measures. Tbef 
were so fkr ftom prem^tating' 
what th^y hav^ done in* ^ 
way, that they never, eveit 
thought of it, until H was plre^ 
sed upon them as a laei reke/^t 
to get rid of the Queen. h!oA, 
here again, that has happehdS 
which they did not expeeii*- 
They calculated upon a r«-«e- 
Hon oh the opening of tbdr 
case. They tliought, ilM two 

tiays of horrible detail from the 
Attorney-General, and one day 
of Mc^oechvs evidence vroiud 

mabner that the calumniate 

turn the tide. This expectation 
vvas let out by the PdtlicAV' 
cuser himself, who toolc, in hia 
foul and scandalous speech', .0^ 
casion to observe, thiat Us li^-* 
lian witnesses would, IN 'X ' 
FEW DAYS. U 'aJUe U watk 
the street$ in iitfety I The^ti* 
rier Of the l^oiid^y eKuhkUSL, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

had, gained their pointy .Ttiey 
tboBgiiMt Iba^i 4b6 Que^n wc^^d 
tetftMiU; damped. 3otbajt. 
thqr hamfliMatxiieMte/ad.: Tb^ 
have tliM brought iola their 
^ptBieaAm$»ation hj eaomom 
jndgmanft; Md wi .\ff. their 
<M«i wkhea and iolmtion.-^ 
neir pifiia weM good; bet 
hesftJlieen sradered abertm by 
maqpaelad eiwota; aa vreU*" 
oqntBxnd expMlMionaani ofl|e%- 
tiiiiea,friialmlBd,.aiid end m de^ 
CmI inafead of vietory, <hy the 
lain.and tLe wincb» or aoime 
other oQ03(pected oceivi»iM)e^ — 
laie eneniea of the Qneen aie 
bright Tonllia; b«t idhen we 
Indtknt there are men, '* whose 
.tfiplmiKieMJtce nor iin^ 

"^ der 4fuit o0iai>uNU/^ we can 
hard)gr he Mrpriied, tfaatevm 
aiieh Mght geDinsea at thea^ 
an .nnable to centrQul the 
Iho^ghla and wiaipet and;ibeW 
ioga of the people. 

Tlut, fftimer deeda of the 

deedi o( Edwwia> Moxku-; 
meat, Adama, Dwy^r/Olivejc,, 
CasUes and Va^han f^od asao^; 
ciatet^.^n^ere all flreab ii^ oar 
ainda. . The pe^uriies of ISOt,* 
agaiidst the Qi|e«$n, were aU 
brought baek to our recollection. 
We had recently he%r4 the*' 
eivkploying of blood-<diipga{Mea 
o]^^ly avowed and defended. 
And^.witb all this on oor ininda, 
howwere w?e to- be made to 
believe^ tiiat the^nemiep^tlm 
Qeedn w^nid be deatitnte a^ 
people ^ flavor agaim^ her? 
-And, when we m^, tka% as, 
I tmatil haifn deariy shewn m^ 

i^trat, tteittbe chiUges against 
her were in the face of r^m^on- 
and of namfe, bow was a re- 
action to be, )iy such aweiuring/ 
produced in onr Qoinds ^ 

1 ha^ve now read> ^ith great 
care, all the evidemte up to this 
day; &nd i ino&t solemnly' de* 
Clare, that I believe htdf tfa^ 
jesty to be perfeotly inpe^i^t ^af 
eviryxl»ffi:e prefaxred fgvioift 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


h©r; Taking inrto viewthe^chlfc- 
i^eters of ifie witnesses, Hieir 
own t^onietsions, their k^ttefs, 
ttlelf pay, and all ^le other 
strange cifenmstaitocfs, I should 
1o6k upon -myseir nfi a fnMI 
wicked te'an, IT I were to ind 
even^an^nemy ^nd a notorioiisly 
'toad man gp.ilty upon saeh e^i- 

To THE HlFORtfEM. 61t ' 

they wMV llbwe^ri wfaal tfa^ 
win do ^me arast 4oll «»^ aiid 
Idt us hbpe/ that the time' imll 

ifl 11^ meanwhile let -m-m* 
(fiath, alHtlomorefiilly-tfaaiiww 
ha9« Jatcfy done, til u^mLmwk.^ 

inkert, for y$w jnformataoo^. in* 

detaee. And, am I, then, te fiod^ another ^mrt^f this Nomheff; mi 
frWomait*6r great mind and -of aeeoimt of the mannes in mhUkm 

most vtrlnoos hahita guilty upon 
Hibt sameeVidcrncel Theheart 
ctf man ferelts at the thought ; 
aifd suefh has been ihe deoision 
^f the puMio, who nevcfr he- 
liete# 4ie^ asseittons of the 
^eeii'» efiftmlej^, an^ wbo^ even' 
b^AfHeiridence produced againat 
^et, ¥sre ieenfirmed in their 
dlsbi^et ' 

•*'Th* jleg'g^r and his crew are 
in $t slate of great diflicuUy.-r- 
Thumbi^eretM wtllbe of no avail 
hrthii case. The Queen' is not 
to be driven from the eountry. 
And, if thai be not eflected/the 
Junhy as her Majesty ealis Hiem, 
^ffeet rehlty Boihing at alL They 
MQsiM defeated, do what else 

UH!ge sums weae last yoar-iaoi^ 
ployed. You MrHi hmat m- uaoif 
that, whatev€nc 'is takea fiMm . a 
people tn taxe^, ditniniafaea, in 
proportioa to its Moount, the 
oMaiis iof those who pay tho. 
tajies, unless they «lso teoecva 
somefthingout •f the taxes. If 
aasanfMytaxesto the aoMNMat 
of a fattndred4.11 jekiv fad jie* 
ceiYO « hundred a year pensioiiv: 
taiees have no eflbct upon him, 
because he ia paid the pensmi 
out of the taxes.. Bat, if, ke 
pay the hundred ayaar Jn.taxr 
and receive notfaii|g oat t>f tfaia 
taxe8,.he loa^.a hundred a year 
by taxation. 
Taxe& art; thetiMa^ m fde* 

Digitized by VjOQQIC 

418 ScrrEif«iit9,. JgSOv 

d^^tidD ifoWihe meaasoftbosa 
wbo paj t^m; 4ua4» w)ieii tboj^ 
fure^iMvy, ibeyimufte poverty,, 
min, misery, aod^ amongst; tbe 
nMst ttofortii^iato of tbe {leople, 
tbay -frequeaUy muiite aeiiu^ 
atarvaiton* as tbay now 4o io 
this^ooee-Aoiiriafaiii^aiid happy 
^uatcy. It in, tbereto^^ the 
liBSuesa of evecy paaa to iiiquue 
what ia Apue ui<(A the taxea. 
T^subjoitied^ocount will sho;iy 
yoa bow «^f7ii0;)ar<oftbe taxes of 
last year were disposed ot This 
j^eeowt presents a list of what 
ia called the " §rant8.'* In my 
next number I will speak of the 
^^r ' soma expended last 
year I so that, in the pporse of 
liwe .or throe Numbers^, yon 
shall have a pretty dear view 
of the whole matter. This ac- 
cowlt is eepied from the one 
laid bejfore.tiie House of Com- 
mons Jbt,i||iltasloiindevenyott, 
Bat, let the Siorr^etG^ernqo 
aay what they* will, you ought made/uUy acquainted 
with what tb^ydo.,. 
■^ Jjfr4 John Ru$»0U has pnt 

foxthsome<very v^nliwt abvio 
on m €rom . T%mbri4gtu ,Wh» 
I was a diiM gy^y^iia^ei l#g^ 
about wth " r^wV^er^wr^' 
little cops and MCUcarS' i^ ex- 
ceeding a peain ^(ijroumjece^pe^ 
Pretty little tea^ppts ^ ha^l 
about as much a^ half i4^ ,.b#a(el 
nut sheU ; b^kats Jhid. siaoo of 
aithimbl^V^^'Wpodan bo5<r|ft 
as big as . acoriHCttps* These 
things pleased ..- mp^ ^igblMy 
when I was iapo4ticQa|s«. £ai}gr 
iil^essions ac^ )ast^-; and 
though,; when I cam^ to gi^w. 
up, I knew that Tunt^ridsf, w aa 
a tQum, and> like ottor tow^i* 
wa% i^babite^ .b^t ineja aivi^ wck 
lll|^^vand^had juck Jt,,of c^qiie^ 
c^ps and saneers ai^' tea-p^ls 
and buoketsand bowel^< of 4be 
usoal sijse ; still, at tfae^fifslaoiiiMl . 
of the word Tmbrid^f tb# oM 
idea of p^tine$^ has always t9<» 
turn€^; and, if hole I w>^ re^d^ 
^^.IiOrd^9hn'alet)Ler, I co^ld 
not for the ^o^fl of p^ get th^ 
liUle caps and saucers, ou^ of 
my bead. Things, ho.yirever,iUiat 
e very petty, jnay. be y^ 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


p a MP O to, lb»p(titeftax»fttf»or« 

fotmsr^ («n^ be has fpoiie out 
of ills way to ^ it) of desigiM 
to e(WBiiiH|E)ltfii((i«raiid n^wrder. 
He calls Uf|Sf)^r«a{ milage, 
thai k to say, a Totiog by aH 
tl^se who are eompdled to h^ 
tfticie Aft** iu$inen, and to 

Tq the tupii«»i#.. *16 

bribery and oorrftpiiom. JUne4 
Jo|ui liaB Btveff sued ftr- aiiyv 
even the smallesi, nttigatfttHrf 
tlieir j^nushmettt Heeanhea^. 
of their treatBMt with at MMto- 
eonccf a as lus vdauOiiyMlr. Hoia.' 
liet, esn hear of t|ie affiir of. 
Theodore ilook/of whieh, how*'* 
ever, Bfr. Beimet shall hear a' 
little more vhea tine serres. 

^ome forth and bear arm9 in Bat, Ic^ a man be imprisQiied 

defmte^^ eowUry, aii4 of 
hn father's estates ataongst the 

rest; he oaHs the voiitigt^snck ^Touth, the heir of. the '' NoUr 

fii€A a plan of oiifanised Jauntier 
andmmriir! But, behoHl, whan. 
0jr M, Lopea is eoavicted of 
the grommit brUorff mul eor* 
rwftkn^ aad is s^teqeed to 
three years iniprtsoifment, this 
Same Lord John is the very first 
t<yii^ake A ttfotioii fortheoblallH 
ifif of the iMtuficstif # piWeis; 
and which pardon has otMMy 
heem granted f Mark this well! 
lie fcrfto about Oiampoand; 
but he 4ia«t sooMtfdnf fbr Sir 
M. JLopesf 

iThere are itiainy men in jaii fbr 
elMfeatourhijf to put -an - e»d to 

for brihertf and eorriipH^n mi 
ele€ti0n$i and ^ our Tuahridge. 

House of Russell/' fiies to Us" 
aid: as a knigl^t errant toll daoi^ 
sel in distress. ^ 

Poh ! you sBly Whigs 1 Aw 
you yet so besotted win hope,. 
that you -can deceive any patt 
of the nation ! The Corpora- 
tion of Portsmouth met, ibe . 
CburierteRs us, to discuss tbe 
propriety of AMrttmng 4hm 
Queen i ^nkt, iimy treili>-iaysr 
hOt dissuaded, from "it by the ih* , 
quenee of SirQitorgeCfrefft 
And what was the etoqmenet 
that made himtAe this pari f 
Look at *'AePeep.'^ Cte! you 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

sillyl^liilrs ! " do, TdOigi yoar- 
Mhttir ttMter thti hMmi of du^ 

iemk ^ tm twitk or^foAvgrers 
or MMpterft ill hir lerviee. Qto, 

The WMgi are now kctib^, 
tbWrartir like ^M»t»> >rectoly 
lb p<in wUrik tlMy hat^ ^ 
dtoof* a«teA towai^ i6e >^ 
fvriMtk. Ttkejr, lifAhi ait dt^ 
dhii^ o^^oitt, d^^ as they 
dttlt; f6e iifmi^H of place 
iiibd pet^W/ They dkrp, tft^y 
fW/tftey^T^lr^Vite. Bat/aii 
to %^^V^dfliiie¥ii ille tuiro 6c- 
tfiMi'Wve ^^iWay* ibaSe com- 
h^fsthA\ ittd'pl^iel^ thtii 

B^^MkMil Wi(iii her out of 
tkeVoiMrjr. They duiprfl^ only 

IK^^^ho ^ ^lAs' tft^ miibtMry 
j^y%iS«n^ ftfip^iW4itieiii Ih 
afr«t6r')te^H^1ist oil, quar* 
tl^^'^im^l^ iiitrp<HA be. 

Qk\ae he pr&v(^ked tH^e Qneeti t6 
isofM to Eni^bmd! Why^ Hit 
Getaid, this h what Oie people 
want. They warit tfaetr Qaeefli 
to V^iS amongst them. They * 
Vdrij hef to remain here ; and, 
<jfbd wilfing:, it Is her mciooi 
diettsnUiAation 'to gratify ^hdir 

C^efATi^l^lnoti^ iheWhtgs^^ 
aftwdli^wedo. She ha&ob-^ 
setVed' dl their douMing cpstf 
twftfiog. She has seen non^ 
ot thed^ fiioss in her house, lit 
WiMUittUefo. Sthewellknb^ 
how to set a just vdoe upon 
tfceiV o|ipeeslibfi t6 h^f bpen' 
f&es« She trusts them ahd te- 
lidl» on them just fai the* ^nxofi 
degree that we trust 'and rely" 
on them ; and in this her Ma- 
jesty' is' sure to be rigta. 

for us tteforkners the ptesenC 
is a p^Ud day. We see our 
coihbined ftei, <5ur tettiortetessr 
pei>s<Beutbrs and bahimnilitdrs nP 
duded^ to a itate/ Which, if we 
could forget the ^t, would ex- 
^te'our pity ITi^ ^have hbli 
been the cau^of theiftrouble 

Digitized by CjOOQ iC 


To THE. Reformers, 


andshainei. Fr« jtave had no 
hapd in tfce affair. They have 
dbne the thing themselves. Intq 
a pK of their own digfg;injgp have 
they fallen : pn their pates hai 
. tumbled the mischief which they 
themselves h^ve hatched. They 
have fabely apcased as of dis- 
loyalty. When we humbly 
prayed for out own right^ they 
maliciously told ns, that we 
wanted tp degprade and^ destroy 
the throne ; and we have lived 
to see the day, when it is we 
who have to stand forward to 
protect the. tl^rone ag'ainst their 

Their troubltes were suffici- 
ently ^re^at before the arrival of 
Her Majesty J, but, they must 
needs au^nii^nt them a thousand 
fold. And this, too, of their 
own ^ooi KTtU and fle^isvrt ! 
There wanted but an incident ; 
and that incident they tfaemr 
selves liav^ not only created ; 
but, they have, created it, too, 
in despite of, the pri^yers of the 
pe<|ple! They are now crying 
out " revolijtipn." Well ; if 

they hitye it, itjsof their own 
making. ,We hf^v^ had nothivg 
to do with U; and^ if it como, 
be the conseqiien^^es op their 
own heads. They have not ^is^ 
tened to pur warnings or our. 
prayers. . \\re have exhausted 
ail th^ sources of suppliciiti^D ; 
and we have ex|iausted them 
in vain. 

The dangers are, at thisiiio-i 
ment, pf suf^h appalling mt^gf^ 
tude, and of so mena^n^ ai^ 
aspect, that no man, whp thinks 
at all, and who feels as he oogh^ 
to feel for his country, can thinly 
of them without some degree ^f 
dread. AU might be qtiietiy. 
and happily settled fv<n yel. 
But the mean9 that occur to me, 
though I am satisfied ,of ihmt 
justice and benignity as well an 
of their.efficacy, I dqre njo4 state 
in print 

All lessons s^en^ to be thrown 
away on those who mimaga our 
aflairs. As the ^vil becomea 
more manifest, th^y seem to 
grow mqr^^ obstinate in i^djb^ 
ino^ to it \ and, I daf^ s«yiuth»U 

Digifeed by VjOOQ IC 

ilk\ SEPTEiWEIl* 9, 18^. 

when tlie'naiaral dtid apparently 
neritftine rBsalt^ocrtne, th«y will 
ascribe the accompanying sutTer 
ings, not to their system, but to 
a want of its pot having been 
acted upon with sufficient vigour 
dwi ri^mtir P As SaNgrado as- 
citted the dealh of bia patients, 
not to their swallowing rivers 
of hot water while the last drop 
of blood was drained from their 
vem; hot to Aeir not having 
drank snflciently and not hav- 
ing'been sufficiently bled; so, 
when the Old Bourbon tyranny 
was torn to pieces by a long- 
oppressed and enraged people ; 
** Ah!'* exclaimed ihe run-away 
Noblesie and Clergy, « Le Rot 
'^etunt iropbon: le regime etoit 
"trop douxr The king was 
t(^ good : the governmen t was 
'00' mi^! Impudent and inso- 
fent wretclies ! Even expulsion 
from tbe country tl^y had op- 
P*«ssed' only made them more 
obstinately adhere to their spirit 
<>f oppression ! 

When FVance bet^ame plunged 
»to confasion/ and when the 


arm of popular vengeance was 
at .work; w^ were^toW of *' tho 
horrors of the revolution'** Th^^ 
was a misnomer: we o tight to 
have been told of *' the horrors 
of the t granny^ ^ that had pro* 
duced the revolution.' We^do 
not blanse the man^ wb6 cpip* 
mits a frantic act in consequence 
of a wound received from a rob- 
ber : we blame the robber. We 
blame the cause and not the 
natural f^ec^ of that cause. A 
wife,, driven to niadnesft hy the 
cruelty of a husband, may, in 
a fit of rage, kill even^ier own 
children; bnt, it is iliet 4)1 
busbend that We bav^ to blah «. 
Mach wrong, much suflerirg^ 
must arise, for a whilq, out of 
a release even from tho worst of 
despotisms ; but,' this wrong 
and suffering must be ascribed 
to tlie despotism, and hot t6 the 
acts by which a people are 
released from \U For, if this 
were th^ case, a despotism could 
never be piit down ; i nd a!| 
mankind must, upon principle, 
acknowledge themselves to be 

Digitized by CjOOQiC 


To -nift IUieDiiMc««. 


fy^rp, to beMbves.: I( we ,w«te 

iNtoold toeomd of our iKMists, 
that our forefethers ftn/ight and 
Ued for tMr Ubei«i^} Fight- 

iav^fiil.^viu^.«re ^' kmfrarsyf 
hni, those Aat^of^ are jcistiy 
ascribed lo i&e iyrcnU, in fi^ht- 
\ng against whom the aasertors 
of fiteedjiHMbed thair hlood^ aiid 
w>l to tbo s o MS o r»i rs ie f # B edDi . 

Afl/ to the present case, it 
^^me ijm|H)^l:(le fo^ 9% to ayetbl^ 
« gr^fl^ aftodlo^ «<i^tne sort or 
trther/ What it will be, when 
it win coBie, no man can say ^ 
bat, let it come how and whea 
it may, I most anxiously hopcj; 
tha^every. angry aod vindicitira 
4e^ik^ will be lost in onr desire 
to provide fof^ tbe safety and to 
promote the happiness of oui; 
country; Let. every ope of ua 
resolve to imitate the coudoe^ 

W t^t truly jQr^ ftfid^C^))^ 

have gMied so mndi glory 'for 
ourselvet, who, ihou^ iiijuied 
more than any other . hfmiaii 
4ieiQg, has allqFiiy«^sh<^VfUh|iihar 
mftmi^Mly was gieat^it^ihtB 
even the horrible malignil^ and 
cruelly of her enemies. 

P.S« Addresses ate coming 
in to Her Majesty, from M parts 
of the country,, in .such nfH 
soeoMsiqo, that she will aOioHty 
have her whole time occupied 
in receiving them. Thus, in 
£ngland, the Government is 
trying a Xfy^n, fmd the pech 
pla are <<HWr^«^ her ; wttk, 
10' :8eoUand, tiie ^veiiH 
ment is erccwlwig a man, and 
the people are cAeertng him! 
.These are strange thtpgs |o be- 
hold! It. does look much ^to 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

«Uiideii^ bNilier df Lotd HM^' 
ddnwD and dibirtft^ tiiyv flnt 
ikote «M iioiii% MpHiMi 

■^ «e^* Apd #e^*«ll«t,tiiii 
lets Mr -eyes %e|>iii <MI, InMMl^' 
<Blioti to the tyinj: ^t eiar 
tengoes Mid ttie ert m ty fc i y sir 

I have ihis moment heard of 
the Attarnef'4i9kerdl'sappUca^ 
tionfor delag, m ercl^ <i€tf 
fi9ore IloiMm Wiim^ies vu^ 
arrite to five evidence agwi^t 
Ae Qiiec»/7/— Wai this be 

^ lMih«aaii ithe mdm i r miim pf 
•^ Ae Weskir or/ * laaft^tliis 
.MMt'bem singalariott ef «ity 
..ifld Mtaartttum. 
' Vkt kAitenkom KlMvrocf, 

«mnf)piiyre; b wchKhy of par- 

-tfetdar Abti^; having 1>eeii pre- 

ibofled by ' the jftmaA-jHrt^^f, 

the Beir. Afr. Povls, whose 

irisme, when vr^ consider what 

ilm tieen the eonducl: of tl^e 

deiggr gcnemlly, eegriit to be 

.bald in boaoor. Aach^s^con 

BATtftgsT also , ought to be 

no^ed as having taken an ae- 

tife part ih the Address from the 

'Coon^ of Norfolk 

'Never did either King or 
Qoeen before reeeive marks so 
vneqmvocal of universal respect, 
love and adouration ; and never 
did nation do itself so omoh 
iMMioar, as this nation has done 
itself apon this occasion.— Witt 

granted ? Will this be granted ! 

If it be • ...••••••^ut I dare 

not say vehat I think ! You^nst 
say it for me. 

This delay has not been granf-* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To Tuft ili^ait£ii%. 

up of tli6 ^t^lfor^efimiik It 
U merely a rep^titi6» df the 
€karff$g of Ae Attorhef-Getu- 
tid; 'wtUi ,tte<JKklitioii. of axr 
aitett^ to s vfttan ike ertdibUMjf . 
of the l¥iUie9»M I ^itheae wii- 
iie6$e$ ^uyeaT' xlr^y;. then the 
Q«een faMjse^i^ a iew^^omaii; 
bttt^ who 18 tbere^ in th^ whole 
kiiigdott, thftt^^t^Dcit tktU thep 
haw sworn trtdy,. any tnoi» 
ibaoi tho^ . 4lid» in 1 80a, who 
awprOf thatsbe bad beeii.|>reg^ 
itoJi^; liad> been «Ke^er«rf> and 
luul g^ven «ticA ? Talkof^ireor* 
ingi iadeedihet^vf^ swearing 
enough to convict any body.^ 
But, it happened then> that the 
real mother of the child was (U 

han4 to disprsxie the swearing. 
Thai wai it ease that admitted, 
ofj9r«^ ofitsfcdsekood. The 
preset Atories admit j/Ijio smh 
disproof. All hefe n6»t rest 
upon* the s$fedibiUtyof ike soi^ 
nesses themselnfs^ AM^ W9^ 
an^, mm find his nei^h()ODr 
<^Uy upon the evidence of 
MiJOQcchi^jDnmont, .and Sa^ 
diinihAn shoiri, the trial of .the 
p^necotod, Qoeentis onsr^ She 
is BO longer on her trial, TDe 
tried w now gcAng on some' 
body else. To the satisfaction 
of us all, the Queen remains 
spotless. We have now onW 
to see .tr/iat stains will ^ffix 
themselves on o/Aer«. y 

Digitize.d by VjOOQlC 






London^ Sep, 3, 1820. 

Sm« — Manj tfasnics for Ih'e 
|)^werful aid . which you hare 
h.':4 the ipreai gockioe^s ancl eod* 
descension to g'ivafto 'our little 
iv^ck, of which we now «ftK a 
Seci^ Ediiiqu to a iliaceroifig' 
,jjid ao4Ddiil4^t public, ' . 

^a. haf^f a( thf» sugs^siioQ 
oC i^oied Lai|dei)iMe» made the 
.eorrecttoo aaio'bis lordthtp'b 
if9i>06ed |iMai0a ; aed wa k^egr 
l^ve agajD to fllate^ fhat the 
Mfor was; owjof to no IjmUI of 
Qifn. WehftdiHk^lial tei^ihy; 
jk^i, thenef^re, tbe.fiuj)t mufet 
iMt with thofa^ who oqgltl, loofg 
aince 1808^ to have femiifaed new 
. larU. Ho wet ofj . as to the f o/ol 
^ iht famHy^ laf MaiUaDd, we 
have feond, iha| w^eopiittcd, in 
oar first editlon^thata sbtcfroC the 
£«rt ia the wifo of a i)atfhwood, 
Mht^ haiaa offce attbeC^pe, 
.worth, as we sappOBe^ 4,O0iM. a 
year. "So that, if w:)^ did .the 
•Earl'ft fiupily ti^rcm^, it was 
ia anderataiidinf the extent of 
tfc^V «emcM» and net of their 

Savc^rai other ooitaiofis have 
heeo pointed im% to us. AVe 
have sttpfili0d these omia^ions; 
and we have thereby added 

more than iwelre^ ikhonsaiid 
ponnds to' opr^and total. ' 

ileaUy, Mr. CobheU, we bav e 
t^en bi|t a PEEP at thid vast 
subject With your countenance 
and proleotioa we pfopase: to 
persevere in our humble eadea- 
voursj. Yon have often told yobr 
«a»decsf.ihat thi^ is .tf:e roai 
source of theiVoltaiui/ Debs, We 
thought yotir idea rather- wild ; 
but, when worcoosMer the hn- 
mcMse sums s wldlo wed uj^ in this 
way ; wtien we see, that tbeVe 
are iadividtti^, who haipe *tt* 
eeiTed, •each'ol'thidm, probably 
more than three quarters of >a 
milijoil of a»oAey wltlnn the tot 
80 t>r 40 yealia, we wre disposed 
to come over to yonr opinion, 
and to think seriomly of thatrt- 
/uttdfifcg'systani, at which, when 
you first spoke of it, we used 
to smile, thinking tbB:t you your- 
self were joking. ^ 

We observed, in oor PrrftB^, 
tbia ^ bad included nethine: as 
the value of pafraiuige. .It is 
quite inqKMsible to makfe waty 
tiung approaching' to a correet 
estimate of the' amount <^f pa- 
tronage. B«t, as the apfxrfnt- 
ment of thoTaxgatherer^ of all * 
descriptioos is a matter, %v4iich 
is well known to belong to the 
"Higher ^ders/' it may not 
be amiss An state, that the co^kcC- 

Digitized by VjOOQ l€ 


^Kt:r XY TOE i^E%llt# 


tn; %n4 mMiBE^ttti^ of l!he Taxes,, 
in (h^ y<^ri6i^^iioit4h»iiatk)«h 
fH» 1»99 a «iin 4haa 4^149,236 
pouwta vtcfdit)^! !1 . Tliat is to 
Mjr« e «ttin joquftlto the soppori 
of AiOe^O^ inbouoon^ iabcnir* 
eo' wiv«s "atid diUdEeDy doriqg 
tliat whote j-esr; allovi^iigtO 
pounds a year for tite. kibe woi. , 
Us wife iMi ihred ehffttreo. 

iioweiDer,Bir, llNn^ iiie views 
«r 4b« tnctter that tva cat/kiBB 
oaftehneB dbinolkied to eaiaroti. 
Be it our {tumble employment 
to edicot nattidab ; and let 
atliers use them folrtbeq^«fi|Mse 
oTinfenaMa. in oittor to unkkr 
oar 0Dlleetta»8 as >eaiiipleta and 
. as asela} as. possiMe, wevan tm^ ^ 
Sk, 1o tivapass on year g09d* 
neas ao Isr as to^ro^oaflt ydu to 
insert for as a few ^nretWtna, 
. -wbich ^a shaH iuna6^, and to 
wbich we toqaasisoine of yattf 
, intelligeDt readen ito sebd'Uii an 
aaswe^iiiKniglt tlie nhann^l of 
ear |MiUidier; aiid,.il kf poU, 
: we. reqaest ^Ae postaga do 1)q 
yoid, IbediMctiettbeMpf^*' to tiie 
" Aatliers of iim Pfi»r at tu£ 
" Pwiu, No. ^6e» Steaad/liOfH 
^ dott.'' Tbcoeiis pdi aifaing as 
imimwpiwg kUfta* it wiii be 
beat, p(iob|iMy> to send tbonHby 
a mfffe hand, in eases, where 
tbe answer cnnndit1>e fuU, or p6- 
aitive, a hinitn^cy be of use. A 

friend nUay, te use tiiii banier^s 
expression ,|mf ii« i||>0n lAe acmf* 
and, indeed, the game we parsne 
are, at tiitves, extremely wily 
and Ay. They not -only shift 
their groimd frequently, bat 
ehange their outward aippcar-' 
anees^aadfiORib of fbctti their very 
oai»es. They aire ff( all sites^ 
from *b« -^yS^^ dowti lb ther 
mouse. tSolftetltaes thfey -go 
aboiit toarid^ at tisin^^ienday f 
biit, «l oIIhmps, w^ fed thete 
cre^t into the sly earners or eo9-^ 
ed apiii the Mds eCthesytlmi^ 

HwHng^ 4hus prealited, iMFe 
proceed te^^tftHe the -qaelfiettay 
which tt pi^seal^tff Co us. We 
haae 'tbe-F^iision and Sbeeitar 
List of 1909 yM$H us; aadifei 
tfaaai>ire'tod$ » j i^^^ 

1 . J9iarlo«M,^itr fcnl^ra/Sopbia^ 
^/]\fo^a, 'Louisa, andCatberimfe^ 

with •pensions of Ml;'a j^ear 

U. €auff$, t^o^adies,400J. k^isch^ 

Tbey li«fv©A^^^ ptetly names ^ 

>Ltf^inia MatiMa>.aiid Ami6T}^ 

9. Jenhitvion, Elteabeth ' (tiew 

4« HewcMhi isady MiMy and 
Lady Eliaabetb, 150{. each.-^ 
Wha ^ tffc^y belengr to f 

6. IlarfiageSi Ihr^e ladles, 9o- 
wrtby, Maroj* aad Maty, »t. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

t. ttunddU, three lacUis, Sasan- 
Tik, Itf&lrthd aiiii Eliziibe(hV 
50{«eacb. • \* * 
1, J^^'n^, three ladies, 561. each, 
• UeiitieUa, Marta, tteiitia. 
'*; Cobke9,lAitBe ladies) ^Penelope 
' Ann^iBttza, Maria; 15ot the 

lU^t; the others 17 6l. each. 
1). XiAaU, four, Wary Turner 
' Ca1>e1l, Aiitt ElfeabetK, Tho- 
mas 'Scutt/ and lioWt Da- 
vies; each 50L a-yeaf 
10. DmtSf two, Sophia anJ( 
Cotton; SOi.'a-'yeai* etich* 


16* €bcA&urn#, £ldilt ^IkTies^ 
^i«h ^rO(*. ^.yWii^ mtfSoiig^st 
them, i^ne, Kfi^y,' Satiny, 
'Hatriott/Elizith^th, Itfatlida, 
lifttrgan^taikl Ann. 

It. 'betilo, a Widow imid three 
children, sbf. * '^ ' 

18. ittio^tcr,' three 1>oys^ lOOf. 
a^yeareach. Henry, St. Vin- 
t^tPri^deridk, alHl Riichard 
Thdnikar; S¥f iiftfaMm Jtiirt'f 
receives fliis ih'/ri<«/- ' 

ThSB may suffice fer the pre* 

^^^~ — J — ^ - „ - r ■ 

li. ffaJi/acrei, 'sVxi'tt'ertrud^j^ iVTial we Visl Is, that 
Charlotte, MarianncCaroJine,! some corrfeVpontferit wo\ild fee 

Catherine, Elizabelh, 60l. > 
y^ar each. 
11 Pier^ons, four,1Sarah, Fran- 

so good as to point out whdin of 
the '•BTtgAcr Orders" these 

fittle ladies telong io. '^i Want 

to irate (hem. There are great 
numhers ot these famtly-phJ^ 

13. Herriess Mary Ann, 300l., 
Catherine, Isabella Maria, Ju- 
lia Mary, 1601. each. 

14. Souihey, Robert, «D©I. TUs 

ties ; and what we aim at, is, 
to be able to shew, how it hap* 
pens, that they should have been 
selected ibr support in this way. 

u ooiwaey, «uvcT-*, »pw». *«*« ww^^ — ^r-- 

pension was granted in 1807. The micr will please to bear 

MTbois this man? Is it the 
apostate poet f 
n. Locks, three ladies, 2001. 
a-yeiir eacli. 

in mind, that the li8t;iiram which 
we take the above names was 
printed, by order of the Ho- 
nourable House, in 1808; so 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


that., the Mas^rs and Misses . qt 
jthal (|i^ q^^tsf pow .be gfp^n 
up &;€^tle9i60 and ladies. But, 
until we are furnished with a 
^ new list, (which^ we su|>ipose, 
we n^yer shall,) we must go 
by the old list, concludingp^ as 
we have a^ht to do, that, if 
many have dropped off since 
1808, there must be many ifbo 
bave^ since that year, eome on. 
We should like to get at some 
correct information about the 
liolders, renters, and lessees of 
CrxtumrUmds, Houses, Metnors, 
HmeSp Light'houses, and other 
^things, held under what is 

•I^EEP AT THE Perm. ,536 

oeives % compensation in Xh^ 

Civil-List. This propjefiy is im:^ 

mense in amount 

; Since our Secono Eutiok 

went to press, we have received 

.^veral hinis and pieces of wi- 

/ormation. We shaU Mtend to 

these. We shall make further 

inquiry; and make, omot, coi;- 

rections ac<iordingly» It is ^r- 

prising how/m e^rors.we hnve 

committed. But, we desire, to 

make our work perfect. ' < 

Accept^ Sir, pur apologies for 
this unwarrantable trespass on 
yoQr time and room, and believe 
that we remain, vrith $he 

called *'. the Crown i" that> to highest respect. 

^ay^ un^er the PubUci seeing 
that the King now receives no- 
thing from that sojirce ; but re-: 

Sir, ^ 
You^ most ob^ient servants^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

tevTiAnK 9> 18^' ' 69T 

•.r \. . '*, ■; AN ACXJOONXr 

^it^ig'ku^ Ul^e Wanieir given far tke SertTtce ik dfte Vnii^ 
Kingdah^ of^Greal ^riiain and Ireland,/or the year 1814L 
kc^ oeew disposed of; disiir^guished under their, severw, 
keads,4Q-the ^m dtti^(^/jeinuary,lB20. 

k -II < 


NVtVY. • - • ^ 

For Wag^^' lor ^^OM Men; including 6;00(y Royal Marilm; Ibt' 
ThirtoeA^ lunar MocftliSi at the rate of ^. 3«. 6d. per Man per 
Mooih ...^..^ ;... ^ ....£6^5,600 B 

For Victuals for ih6 said 20,000 Men :; for Thirteen 
lunar Months^ at the rate of ^. per Man per 
Montli ..r^ ....•^.^••; ....w 590,000 

Fo^ the Wear and Tear of the^hips in which tha 
smd M^OOO ^eir ave to aerve ; for Tbifteetl In*- 
nar Months, at the rate of 9{. Is. per Man per 
Month .,.* ^ 533,000 

For defraying the Ordinary Establishnient of the . 
Navy; for the year 1810 ^..;3,483i013 le T- 

For defraying, tne C^haigQs. ef what may be neces^- 
sary for the building, ve-buiMing,. and repairs' • 
of Ships of Warin^^ Mis Miyeaty'a and the Mer- 
chants Yards, and other extra Worths, ever- and ^ 
above what are- proposed to be done upon the * 
Heads of Wear and Tear, and Ordinar)' ^for.tbe 
yeal'ltW .....^ v ^ i...U9Sl,m% 6 

For the parchase>of Provisions for 'Friw>ps and- 
Gan-iKona-onForoign Stations, and4he value of- 
Rations for Troops to be embarked on board' 
Ships of War and Transports ;:foir the year lAlO, 419,310 0" • 

For the Expense of the Transport Service ; fbr the 
yeai^lSlO ....%4,3^l 

6^6,781 it 7 

For Ordnance for Sea Service on board the Ships in whicli the 
said 20,000 M6n are to serve ; for Tly^^teen lunar Months, at 
the rate of7«. per Ma6 per Month .,..-...f £91,000 

On Account, for the Ordnance Service for the pre- 
sent year ....^, ^50,000 

In fall for the Charge of the Office of Ofdnance 
for the Land Service for Great Britain ; for the 
year 1819* ...,.,,.^..*,.. ,..^ ^.386,^-2 3 11 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

699 DiwQkattQn 4tf fiAAjcra* 

Folr defraying the Ejtpense of Services |;>erfoniied by th^ OAce of 

Ordntnce Ibr Land Service for &reAt firitain, and not provided 

^t by.Parliapient,in the j»^r 1«18 £^^C!04 !• 10. 

Pojr defrayioff t|ie Expenses of Reauction for the 

Ordnance Militarlr Corps ; for the year IBld ... 10,000 4> ^ 
For the Charge of the Office of Ordnano^ for Qreat ' 
'Britain/ On acconnt of the Allowances to Re^ 

tired General Officers, to S np e r a n nnated, Re- • 

tired, and Half'pay Officers^ to Cffflcers seconded, 

to Officers for good Service, and to Wounded 

Officers, to Sttperannnated 9^ Pitabied Men ; 

#)po #wr PWidons to Widovrs and iCbiWrea of 

4epeafled Officers, late belonging to th^ seyeol 
'PidpaQw]tfiUtaiyCk)rps; for the year. I31d««.27^,0^ 18 • 
For defraying the Expense of the AUowaneaito 

Snperannaated, Retired, and Half^pay Ofioeni, 

$0 Pffiow aeoonded, and to Officers tat good 

Services, to Superannuated and ditobled Men# 

also for Pennons 1^ Widolws and Cbikbren of 

deceased Officers, latebeloi^^ing te the aeveral 

prdpanoe Military Corps in Qreat Britain, and 

not provided for by Parliainent; in the year U18^ 6fiM 8 8 . 
Ptjf the Pbiirg^ of AUowanees, Gompensaliont 

and Emolinnent8,itt the natore of Snpetannnated 

or Retired AlloWanees> to persons late belong*- 

ing to the Office of Qtdaaaoe tn Oreat Britam» 

in respect of their having held any PohUe 

Offices or EmtriQymeqts of a erril. naliire, and 

also ibr the Cbaiqge of Widows Pensions ; for 

Iheyeormo *; .•« 34|484 % # 

For the Charge of the Office of Ordnanee for ire^ 

land; for the year 1819. V. ^ IQI^iOfiS 16 4 

For the Charge of the Office of OMnanoe in ife« 

land, on ac8oant of the Pay t^ Retiied Offloen 

of the tate Irish Artillery .and Engineers, and of 

i^eniiOQS to Widows of decreased Officers of the 

sane; ibr the year 1819 : H,000 O 

For th^ CSiargo of Allowances, Compensationa 

an4 Emolaments> in the nature of 8f perannu- 

iited or Rehired Alio wjiq^s, to Persons lat^ b^ 
oi&g^g to theOfficf of Ordnance in Ireland, 
in respect of their having held any Pabjic 
Offices br Empl6yn^eAll^f a civil nature, ain) * 

8IsQ fot the Chsirg^ 6f widows Pensions ; for 
lie year 1819 i.;:..^..*,...:.^^;.*,*^;.;^;.:.*..:;: ^,^oo o o 

1,191,000 b 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

vke w-Qfttat Brilafai ^mi M.tlie StalioM abreadi, (exee^4l)e 
RefiioieDto emptoysclm tlie Tirritorial PossaatioaK of th^ Blm 
ladia C<M9pao3(;) from the ^thef Daoember, 1818, t^ the 44th 
Dec 1810, bath inclarivai Mngf 365 <ktvs *..£9,5U^>t70 1 1 ' t 

For defraying the Chaiv^e af ilia Majeit^a Lwtfd 
Forces for Servtca io freknid ; fbr tfaeaahie time 74%, 999 8 10 

Fori dcAnyhig Ibe Charge of General and 9Mt 
CHBoers and Officers ef Uie Hostntate sett hifr 
with His Majesty's forces in OfesH Britahiand 
tMi FeaiSgn Stations (except India) for the same •- 
tine ^...^..^ ^..>....,v.. ^...v...i.... I1#»0^ i' t 

For defraying the Charge of General and Maff 
Qffioaoi cad OScen of the Hospitals serving 
with His Majesty's Forces in Ireland; Isr the . ^ t 
same finiye»»»v» t M»»%^>»»»««— ^••»»»**»»«%vfc^>»r»^v«r»wy«#« 44*|T84'14'll 

Fer defraying the Charge of the Allowanced to '^ 

the principal Officers of oe^Ptain Publte Depart^ . /. . » 

meats in Great Britain, their Deputies* Clerks, - ' 
and ^Mthigent Expenses ; for the sametime.^t 160)8*8 1|4 1 

Fordefiraying the Chai^g^ of a likenataieMiIre-; . i 

lead; tbrthejame tiBie*^.^^.«««,«...w^«v.«o^v •1V>88I^ im t 

For defraying the Charope of Medicines aod ^r^ -^ - ... i 

gical Materkls for IVs Majesty^s Land Fo^cee 
on the EstaUishment ofUvd^X Rritain,a»d of ' 

certain Hospital Contingendes ; for tbe^year 

Fordelhiying the Charge of ditto, ditto> for service - 
in Ireland ; forditto •*•« ^«».«^ii*.«*.w«....r 7,400 IT k 

FordeMmng the Chai^ df Voionteer Corps hi 
Great Britain ; from ihe 96Ui day of Deeember, 
181 g^to «ie Mth day. of December, 1«10, holh 
tndasive, being 3M days •w.»%«.*w%»»....«^i.»^ 100|009 ' t) 

Forditto, ditto in.lreUnd ; for. the same tiMe«..«.« ^^8 1^ 6 

For defirayi w the Charge of Foar Troops of Drar 
|oonaaso4Boorteen Companies of Fool stationed 
to Great Britain, for the parpeiie of reeruifing • 
the Corps emf^eyed in the Tsrriiorial Pbases* * 
noos of the Saatindia Company, for the same 
time...«« ^..^....^.t,..^..,^.........^..,.,^^..,. WfiU I i^ 

Fordefraying tbeOhaige of tbe^Pii^^JGt^^nefal \ * 

OfflaMillllis Mij^ty/a Land Forces^ not beifltf 

Colonels of Retfpiments, open the Bstahiishmem 

of Great BntMi; for the same time It4,978 « 

For defirayiog the Charges oC, the like nature in 

balaod ; for the same lime «.....ww%.... t,)88 O^ 3 . 

2 \ *Z 

Digitized by LjOOQiC 


fiO l>itrptn:iof^ oh Grants. 

For defraying the Char^« of Hit Mi^etty's Garrisons at Ho*r 

aad Abroad, on theEsiablisbDaoiit Of Great Britain ; fcr the jear^ 
. 181?^ ftom the 9^h day of Dee^mber i«lB t»1ftieMA dinr of 

December 1819, b6th inclaaYe, he\^ SU da}FS £9flj4W S 1 1 
Eordefifaying. the, Chaise of His Majesty's Gar«- • "rT- 

«f^eiiis io Ireland; for the same tifne^vi^^.o.^.v.. . -6^,176 11>' O* 
For^defir^ytng the Charge of Fell Fay foe nelired 

Officers, and uaaStaehed Offioe«s of His Ma- ^ 
r 'jesty^- Forces, upon the Establishment of Great . . 

^Britain; for the same time ••^..•«i«> ^»..«.;. ISSv^tV^' T W 

For defraying the Charge of Fall Pay lor reared 

Offlcers'of His Mi^ty's Land Focces. upon the 

Establishment of Ireland ; fbr the same time..* * 8tllM^ # 9- 
fbrdetayitig the. Charge of Half Pay to. reduced . . . 
- Officers of His Rlajds^'a LamTForoesi. ti|M>nthe ^ * • 

EstablishmentofGreatBritakl; ferthoaametime MT,00a #^ (F 
For Charges o^a like mftttte in IrelaadV^nr ^ i ' 

t 8|tmetime#«.^.v*»4>*«y »»^»»>»^ * «^^^>'^*«>«* w «*»- ^4^^!^^^ ' #- ilT 
For defhiying the Ghaige of Military AJlowanecas , < ^ ^ ^ 
' to leduccidOtt^ra of His Majeo^s Land Forces^ 

upon the Establ^ipent of^Great Britain; fbr ' ^ - 

• th?8ametime.<*w.«.*«.*.»....r.?.; .«••••• 8l;Ml W ff 

For Charges of a like natore in Ireland; fort^e 

aametime...^... ^ • •«.; -..i ;.... ' 1,^KST' 14 9 

For defraying the Charge of Half l^ay and^redaeed 

Allowances lo the Oncers Of disbanded Fore^ ' 

Corps, of Pensicfps to Wounded Foreign Officers; ' j 

and of the AHowances to the Widows and GUl^ I 

. ' dren of -deceaded Foreign Officers; for tb^ v \ 

8aroetime.*«..««..»o»«r».....#...*«.«.».«*>.«« •^«.« liBflSiO 9^ \ 

J?oT deflry^ifig the Charge of the ln-Pensioners:of . 

Chelsea Hosplt^; for the same time 4..r.i 4^,M0^ B IT 

For Do. l>o. of the Ro^l Hospital near Kiknatn^ 

ham; for the same time......k«.4b,.. ;#.••••••••••.«• I^g681^ 19 IV 

/For Do. Do. of the Out Pensioners! of Chelsea • ', 

Hospital-^ for the aame time..«..*.*...^«.«... 9T7>$a3 8 9 

For Do. Do. of the Rjoyal Hospital near KilmotiH " 

ham ; for the same time..;.«.i««b« •«.•... ••••4. «lMr/)|M -M 9t 

For Do. Do. of Pensions to be paid to Widows of * ^ I 

Officers of the l*and Forces a»d' Marines^ upon ^. ' • 

the EsUblishment of Great Britain; fdr' the '; '- | 

same time. ^^...^^ *.* ^.*4. B4,tS0 O ! 

For Charges of the lite nature in Ireland ; ibr the 

same time % ^..^^.Uko ^.. 10^6411 '% ^ 

For defraying the Charge of Ailowancefr o» ihe^ 
-' Compas^Qnafei Li^.of Altowanoes, as of liit . ^ ^ 

Majesty's Royal iiBooniy/, and )of Pensiona - 10 -■ - 

^ ©ffibcts li)r ^Vou^d^^; lor Uit.bimio. time......r<r. 1^8^,532 I2r I 

Digitized by CjOOglC 

/. « 

SEPTEMBER 9, li^O; Hi 

t^r defraykig ibe Charge of AIIowadg^s U the Rediaoed Ad- 

of December 1818 lo the >4t}i day ^f December 1819, both 
inclusive, Ji>eiog 365 dsiys ......... .a.^»«... £2/Qi,f^^ a 

for defraying the Charge of Allowances, Com- 
^nsations, and Emojameut-i, in Iha nature of ^ < ^ ^- 
Superannuationw Retired Allowances, tfi Far- * J* 

sons belonging to' several Public DeftartQ^ents / _, /',V. 
in CSreat Britain, in rospcot of their having ' ',|' * 
held Public Oflices or ISmpleymcnts of a ci\H ..t 

nature; fbrtbesame time f^ ^^^94' 6' 9 

f 08»Charges of.tha.likenature.inlreMnd^y ft>r the > '^ '^^^^ ' 
siuno iiine««««.«...,...........««%«.«^..««.'f.««.r»k*.«f«« -7^43- 'lil.cil^ 

For defraying the Charge of Fees ^?^pecied p^he .^ [^ ,. . 

paid a$ ^ Exdhequer on Issues for Army . j^ '^j 
Services mr the British EstabfehmeiK ; for tho » -- ^ /' 

. sMerttme..^^....* -V. a........ aB,o«o<) ns 

For^defrayi^g the Charge of, ;Cor|)a grdflted tet ba : . .^(i 
disbanded or ^ducedjn the year, l^l&; for the » . • ', t^ LJ 
clothing of Cavalry ttb^^iinents, ihe Est&bUsb- ^ . . ,1 !j,j "^ 
ments Of which were r^diiced from the ^iith. . ' ' 

day ef December 1^^8 \ and for Two Rogi- * -^ i 

in^ntS'Of^Cavalr^t.Up.tothedatea o^Embarka- . .'-. .i.^ 

tion for Service in the East Indies «.*^«..**. l97v^4.,^. .^ 

For defraying the Charges incident for tKe year 
1819, for the Pay and Clqlhing of Corpse re- 
duced in Ireland... •..•.•.^..«..*. ••../••..' -6,009 1(1' 9 

' Per (he Service of the Barrack Department in 

Great BriUin; for the year 1819.^ 1^,500" 0, 

For the supply of Br^ad, ^leat, and Forage, Coals, 
J^ndleSr Straw, and Furaiture for the<Troops 
in Great Britain* aad for the casual - Supplies for .^ 

. . the^Troops on Foreign Stations ; and also for the 
, Fay 9f ^he Commissariat .Department : for. the 
jear i^l^ ,..«- •«.«,_.... a,.« j,.^^ 386,300. f . , d 

For defraying tbe Charge o( the Disown bodied 
miitia of Great BriUin : for the yeaV 1^19 189,574 14 4 

For Do. Do. of Ireland ; for Oo . 126^85 7 5 

For defraying the Extraordinary Expences of the 
\rmy for GVeat Britain ; during the present year 1 ,^00,000 

For Do. Do. Do. of Ireland ; for ditto - 90,000 

To defray the Expence of tbe Commissariat De- 
partmant in Ireland ; for one year, ending the 
i4th December 1819 * . - 148,53% Q 

To defray the Services of ihe Barrack Depart* 
naat in Ireland; for one year, > ending Do. 73<03^ 9 

^ . . . , , • > < 

je8,78'i,470 5 T 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

1^ Dl»f#«ITiO^' .OF.CftM^Tt. 

' * undeT'fkintiotked s vix. 

Of the Bahama IslaiHls. in additioB IQ the Salari€« J 

now paid tp the Public Officers/ out of the . ■ 

Duty Fund, and the locidentd Chaivee attepd* . , . 

in^ ihe samei^ from the Isi dav of January to 
the Zlfi^ di^y of l)ec^mber iM .v £8,80l 16 O 

Do. Dominltia/ Uom. Dd« to Do....«u.«*«.«.,.^^«*..i, ew O 4t 

Xk>.OppbrOani«b> from Do. to Do;;;...; ...w. lOi&OO :t a 

Do. Nova Scotik, fr^ih the Ist day of January to ^ t ' 

theSlstday pfDec^iiiber/lSli)...M.............« 19^440, O 

|)o. New BininswiQk, fron^ Do. to Do*.*», 6fltn i# O 

Do. CapeBreUMi, froaiDo. ioDo....^ H^lM b 6 

Do. St. John, (how eiiUed Prince Edward bland), 

from Do. to Do 1.... ,v. ....»• 5,4V6 1)' O 

Do. Newfoundlitnd, from Do« to Do.<. •..•.. m>»«.... <i»9T4 O 
Do. NewSottthWalegyiiftMnDd. to Do..w..i.;,.. 1^^8t5 f^ O 

fto.H^erfaLeone^ftoirDo. toDo....... " 1^*^ i^ • 

To make g^ood^ the deficiency of the Grant of 

Patliament fpr tfc^ year 1818; to enable His 

Majesty to provide for siich Expenses of a civil 

Stui;e> as cdo not form li part of the Ordinary 
larges of t&^ CSVit List.... .y..^«,o....» 79,154 8 # 

To enaUe His Majesly tb provide tor liueh Ek- 
penses of a civil nature, ai do not fomfpartof .' * ' i 

the Ordinary .Chains of the Civil List ; mr the _ 
year loi v .... m. i.M^i. »..«..•«•.•••.•..•.•.«•.•■••».«•. •9Uv,fiuv' 9 o 

•fo Jbfrky the Salanea to the Officers, and Ex- ^, . 

penses of the Coutt, and Receipt of tibcchequer ; ^ . ^ 

for Uie year ISW; ...;.......fc 6^00 ^ 

i^o defray the Expense of the Houses of I^ords and 

, CammcKis; for the year 18l9 •••»•• 14^15 O 

To deftay'.tlie Salaries and Allowances to tb^ n. 
Officers of Lorda and Commons ; for the year 
1819 .V .............^.....•. *.... M,401 Q O 

tV> riiak^ gobd the Deficiency of the Sum granted 
in the last Sesildte of Partiament, to defray the 
Siikirieft and Allowance te th9 09Icers of the '* 

ffouser of Lords and Commons.., 9^ 4 •) 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

Tb^udft <Mfoj%ilie Bafcrfini#8 of W«rl», ttd Be»MM •! PiK 

IV^d^fr^ifid ^p«iii8i» of MtiirhiBg', imSi^PUliihig' 
iDi$ epploytiE^ Gwvicts^at home ; fo^ 
ISi0. .;.... • 74,93^ 

To defray the Extraordinary Expenses that may 
be incurred fot ProsMUiions^ ko. relitt^ to the 
CbUof AisKiDefdoai; ferth6yeiarl^9u.»..»o. 8>0M 9 

To defray the 1itpW0d bf La# Gfaogei ; foi^ 

the yw^ 1819; mfiW* 

To defj^ tb^ C^rg^e for printing Acts of Parlia^ 
hi^ntRytthdtwoiItpiises-orParltament, fbrthe * • 
SherBp^ XTIef&B of the Peace, and Chief Magis^ 
' t^el tM6tighont the United Kingdom, %nd for 

' the aetteg/ Justice throughout Great Britain : 
^dso tot printing BVli, Reports, fiVidence, and 
oiheV l^ipers ttid'Acccmtrts for the Houde. of ^ - - ^ 
Lotds; :fortBeytoftrl8i8i«..:.^w. *«*•«.:•••.•%;••• /IT/NX^ .lO- • 

To defray the l^i^pense of prihtih^ theVotes of Oe 
House of CcMiiiidons/ during the preseiikt dessiofk* 
of Pariiament......v. &..,•.•••....•..••.;•.•• %Wi 0- 9 

To defray the. De/iciencsr of tlie GTraat of 181Y/ 
for printi|)g \is^ Copies of the^tM Voluine of 
Jburnalsof Oi;^ tf9uteofC6mmotl6.J«;...^:•.;.^ l4r 9' 

To make good the Deficiency of tW oum granted 
in the Hat Session of Partiam^ni/ f6f making^ 
good the Deitciencies of the Pe^ FifndB in the . ' 
DepMtoients' of th^ Treasuiry, three Secretaries . ' . 

rflfstog^, tod Privy Cottodl../..././...U;.. ;. 18/M9 4 

To make good tW0eltei'ency of the lium graAtkl 
in t^ laat l^io^'of Parliament, for defraying 
tM C$iitihgenf Expenses aiid Messengers Bill^ 
in th^^Depai^Mehts of the Treatfury, the three , 
Seore&Hes of 8tlite, and Loid Chamherlain...... 9,180' U % 

To mi^egood t^e Deficiencies of the' Fee Funds 
111 the Di^partments of the Treasury, three Se- , 
cretaries of StAt^/and Privy Council; for the 
year 1819 ...;... ^...v..-i #©,7» 

To' defray the Contingent Expenses aAd Messen^- 
gers Bills in thov DepattniebU of the Treasmiy , . » 
three SecretaHes df SthU, aidd Lord Chnnber* « , 
Wn; forth^yeAlOTJ. .............u......... *i,t<M> 

Towards defraymje: the Chatge of th^ R6yM Wlifi- 
taryCollegej Mttiey^tm^....;....;, «,<H* » 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

i4A DUMStTION OF '!64mS'TS. 

% oooiplele tlie Bmm requited iof4^h^yiiigtllke 4ykifgkiat^d%. 

* tem^b^ it6ib day of December, 1818^ to tfafl1l4lit^.^ De* 

c«mber/18i9rbotbiodMiuy«^ btmg865d^^ J0 

%. ' ' ..*...'... ' "sti^iU is 10 

Towards defra]fiii(:^0i« Chargpe of tbeiRi^iKri WUw . . , < 
' -Ury Asylum, for ifae year 18ie*«. i^»^^^ . H>W¥K ^^ 

To complete the son neqnlred for 4efra)«B|p tfie . , .i 
\ Ohat^x]frdo..from the.^5thday of Dec^mb^, 

1818, to the «4th of Pecember, 18ia, ^JOtb inr » . , 

diiorive^ beiog 865.days,..«. ^••^....^.^A.^.^^.y- ^AB^ 17 T 

''/'"; ,56,48^ X7, 7 

^or His Bff(jesty'a Foreign Mid other Secret Ser-' , \ ,' 

, vieet; for the year 1819«,.»,,*.. ...««*.. ...^...t.^.^. 80^^ % 

For m Ain^ ^ood the Sieficieney of.thfiiClraot^iif . :', . 

1818; for cjlefrayipg the .£xpen^ p( prmtioig ., . ,^,,,.^ , , 

BiUs, Report*, and ether Paperji^^^y Order qT ^j .V., 
... a^ H<Rise of Cemmohs, dating (be last Se&siocf 

of Parliaments •*•« .•...••..••i..»...'»..*^. •••....• 4,087 1^ 8 

To make good the Deficiency M^f the Grao.t ot ' , , 

-^ WIS* fcr printins' l«7d0 Copies of the .7M , „ 

Volnme ot Journal of ' i^ House of Coihmons ' ^18 14 M 

To dd^y the Expense -of printing Bills, Re-: ^."^ [ 

ports, and otiier Papers, by order .of the Hotise v .* * 

of Commons^ during ibe present Session of Par- 

, liameat , «..^l,(toO 

To deflray the; Expense that may be incarred 
(or reprinting ioornals and Reports of the' 
House of Commons; in the year 1819 * 8,000' 

To defray the Expense thai nay be incurred 
Ibr printing l,7dO Copies of the 74th Volnme 
of the Journals of the House oT Commons ; ' 
for the year 1819 . - - 8,600 t) 

To defray tho Expense incurred for prii^tiftg 1,^50 
Copies of the 50th Volume of Journals of the 
House of Peers ._. ., . . 1,871^ 

^or defraying, the DeOciency . of tintd Grant of 

1818, for the duii^ge ^f pfioting Aicts of Par-. 
' Hamtfit for the two Houses of Parliement, for 

the Sberillli, Clerks of the Peace and chief Ma- 

psfe^lUes throughout the United Kingdom, and 

»r the Acting Justices throughout GjMi Bri- 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


^Ift-; iilMlbr^i^nftidgrBni«; Reports; £nd«iife/ 
9M Mhtr Ihipbri aiMft Aeooants for the Housto 

To defray tbe^ Ajbovit of Biilte drawn or io 

be drawn from New ^outh W^les; fgc t^e . . 

year 1819 - - ' - iOp.QQO ft 

Pordt8cbargingrtnfteM6tdnE.tc6eqi]erBiIl5^Ir!$h , ,. 

IVeatiuty BiHs and Mint Note* ^ - . l>f0,OOa 

jOne hundredth , p^ of For^tbree nfillion* ^ ; ., r . .. 
Exobequet BilUi autlioriz^td. iii'th^ l^$t $«&Hon . . . . . ^ 
of Parliament, to be issued and charg-ed upon^ 
the Aids mnled in the present Session, lo^beT ' > ^ 

issaed and p^tid by eqnal Qaarterly PRvment:) 
to the Governor and Company of the Bank of- ■- 
England, to be b)r them placedto the Account . 
of the Comi^isaiohers for the Reduction of lljje ; '.\, 
National Debt; for the year ending the 1st ' 
4»y ^f-February, 1820 - - 4af0,000 

To make good the Deficiency on thp 5th day 
of April, 1819, o^ the Pee Pund W riis Ma- 
jesty's Receipt of Excheqner ^ • M>OOT 17 4 

The following\8er\'ices are dbeefed to bepaid^ ; > ,. - ' 

without any ¥ee or other Dedufition whatey^r :• 

To defray the Expense of confining and main* 

tainiug criminal Lunatics; for the year 1819 - %7T7 . 

To defr^ the. Expense of the National Vaccine 

B^tafaJtthflient; for thejear 1819 - 3,000 q 

For the Relief of American Loyalists ; for the year 

1819 - . - 11,000 Q 

To defray the Chaise of the Superannuation 
AUowadees or Ck>mpensation8 Uk netired.Cterks, 
and other Officers formerly employed ia the. • - - 
Lottery Office; for tbe year 1819. • - , - ^1 10 q 

To defray the Charge of the Superannuation 

Allowances or retired Clerka ^ . . 

and other Officers formerly employed in the 

office • of the Commissioners, for Auditing the 

Public Accounts ; for the year 1819 - 2/(42 o 

To defiray the Charge of Do. Do. fdrmerly em- 
ployed in Hb Majeirty's Mint ; for the y6ar 1819 ' MO '# 

To defray the Charge of Do. 0o. to one of the . , 
late Paymasters of Exchequer Bills ; for the 
year 1819 - - - W« laf 4 

' , . ' . ^ Digitized by CjOOQIC 

To defray the Qfaufe of the SkipenmomalioB AltowaMM OitjQMi* 
pensraoD ta Penons formerly employed on tlie Mihtwy Hoads 
ift North Britain; for the year 18IS - «> £j^6S Q 

To pay the Si^rannuaticm or retired fiVtifWincS ' -^ 

to Master ^WUHam BiM, fotmerfy Matter 431i»p- 

#ri^t i^ lUngston; in Canada, at the rate of 

IM. per antiaili> ftoin the SOik day of Jitoe 
^ laiStOlheSOthdayof DeoembetlMt • M6 # 

Towards defrayhif the Chrpens^ 6f building ii Pe- 
nitentiary House at Mttbank ; for the yelit 1S19 Mf^OOD tf O 

To defray the Expense of the Esteblishoient of Dfo* 
from the Mth day of June 1819 to the Mth day 
of June 1829 • .- - - - W,0(K> 

For defraying the Expense df making to Inland 
Naylgation from the Eastern to the Western 
Sea, by Inverness and Fort WilRam; for the 
^^1819 ----- 60,CK» 

For the support of the Institution called '' The 

I Rflflige for the Destitute;*' for th^ year 1819 - 5|000 O 

To enable His Migesty to grant relief to Toolonese 
iknd Corsican Emigra»t8> Ssint Domingo Slif« 
ferers, Dutch NaVal Oiteen and others, who 
have heretofore received Allowances from His 
Maj€rty, and who from Services performed or 
Losses sustained in the British Service, have 
Special Claims wi>bn his Miuesty-s Justice ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ 
tWramy " " ^ * «'«** ^^ ^ 

Towaid th# Repair of Henry the Seventh's Cha- ' 
pel ; for the year 1819 - - - - 8(,169 18 O 

To defray the Salaries and AUowanoea and Ex- 
* pences for the Commisfionera under the Trea* 

tWs wMi Foreign Powers, for prevenfting the ^ ^ 

Illicit TratBck in Slaves ; for the year 1819 - 24,800 O 

To be applied towards the exp^nce to be in<»irted 
in the manageitoeht of the British Museum ^ *^^** , ^ ^, . , . _ 
the year 1819 . - •^ - 10,018 18^ » 

To enable HUMajesty to paythe same to the 

O^TfWors of the Rounty of i^een Anne, for 

the Augmentation of the Maintenance of the 

Poor Clergy, according to the Ml** *ttd Ref- 

, gulatioos by>Vhid$ the Funds of **»**^^n>w 

' tlonaVe governed • ^ ^ -109/WO a O 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 

Vowardt enaMingf bh Maj^ty to makfe Provisibn ft>r thci An^- 

, mentation, or the Maintenance of tbe Poorer Ctei^ of Seottand, 

l6 be iasQM and appUed )Hiistmnt to the ProTisiont of aiiy Act 

paaaed for that f^orpode - - . £iO»pOO 

To defray 8 yelri and 96 days Intetest due on tbe ^ 

San of SOO^OOM, g^nted to the Portuguese 
Government in parstifp[)ce of a Oonventipa 
ngnedatViennaonthe^lstdi^of Jan. 1816- 4f,iNV| ^ ^ 

To defray the Expenoe of sudfy Improrements 
tetween Bangor Ferry and Chirk Bridge, in 
North Wales f for the year 1819 - * 16/000 

For the St^nse of Works carrying on at the ^ 
College of Edinboj^h ; for the year 1819 ^ 10,000 . Q fl 

To defray tbe Expenoe of sundry Works pvopesed 
to be done in aioKi aboii^ the Hmrbonr-of H)Qiy^ 
^h«ad; for the year 1819 - - ^ « 19,600^0 o 

To defray tbe Expenoe of tbe Repairs upon the 
Cobb at Lyme Regis ; for tbe year 1819 - 18,M0 ^ 

V. I 

For the Board of Agricoliure ; for 4he year 1819 1,000 9 

For defraying tbe Expenses of maintaining and ^ 
repairing the British Forts on the Ooait of 
Africa.; for the year 1819 - - - 08^000 ^ q 

To pay the Superannuation AUowanoes.or Com* ,. 

pensations to Andrew Allen and Edward dtan* , 

S, Esqs. ivfo of His Msjesty's retireet Consuls 
rdad; for the ^eiur 1819 - - - 1,176 6 

To enable His Majesty to issue, and cause to be 
ptf d to General Boyd, a Citiiien and OiBcer of 
the United States of America, in oonsideratioil 
of die Saltpetre exported under the King's Li-» 
cence, as Remon^ratioft for a Service formerly 
rendered' to .this Country/ in the East Indies, 
and for the Expenses and Trouble incurred in 
tbe prosecutiOii of his CSaim ^ - - 8,000 6 

For defraying the Cbarges of preparing and 
dhliribg" iheXotteries for 1819, &c. - 18,000 

F^^Mramng^ihe Oiange of the folhwing SERVICES IN 
IMELAND, which are directed to be paid iVeT tn BuTim 

F^r tbe Remuneration of ^rtain Public OflBcers in 

Ireland, for their extraordinary trouble in 1819 1,153- 18 11 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

54^ Di4tro9tTtos OF Grants. 

.KordoiiriBiyiogr tiie jurobabU Expetiditore of ilie BoM of Worlcs 
. ia lrel»a4 ; ^ the y«ar 1819 - - £»fi&l Q 

For idefraying the Ch^rgre of Printiogr, SUtj<m#iy«, . . / . j 
and other Disbursements, for the Chief and ^ - ..[,.,. 
Under Secretari^ Offices and Apartm^nls^ {^nd ^ ,\ 

other Public Offices in Dhbtin Castle, fcc^J and 
for Ridinff Charts and other Expenses of ihe 
Depiity Pursuivants and extra Messengers at- * 
tending the rjaid Offices; also 'Sin p^ranhtiated 
Allowances tn the' said Chief Secretary's Of^ ] ,•- • t -; 
fee ; for Me- year ending the fflh of JamiAry, 
18'Z0 - . ., , . • , - W|d84i a^ • 

For defraying the Expence of publishrng Procla- 
mations and other raaiters of a pnbKc nature, in ' ' ' 
the Dublin Oaxelte ^and other Newspapei^ in ; . . 
kelaod; for one year ending ^itto - - '0,694 .0 

For deflraying the Expense of printing 1 .M)0 Co- * * ' 
pies of a compreased ^ Quarto Ediiion^ of the 
Statutes of the United Kingdom, for the^use ; « .. 

of the Magistrates of Ireland, and also ^^0 
Copies of a Folio Bdition of the same, bound, ' ' * . 

for tke use of the Lordb> Bfohop^, and Public i 
Officeni in Ireland, - - - -' 3>4S1» O 

For defraying the Expence of Criminal Prosecu- 
tions, and other Law Expehses iii Ireland ; for 
oae year endijig the ifth day of January, X820 ^,076 p O 

To defray the Expense of apprehending Public ■ 
OfTenders in Ireland for one year endiug ditto 1,000 > 6 O 

For completing the Sum necessary (br the Sup- 
port of Non-conforming Ministers in Ireland ; 
for one year ending the dth day of January, 
1820 - i. * - - ' . ' 8,651 1 7 

For the Support of the Seceding Ministers from. 
the Synod of Ulster* in Ireland ; for one y^ar 
ending the Uth day of March I^M - r "^-^^ 1^ ^ 

For the Support of Protestant Dissenting Ministers 
in Ireland ; for one year ending the 5th day of 
Jarmary, 1820 - . - * - 756 O 

For p*>nng the Salaries oj the Lottery Officers in 
Ireland : for one year ending the 24th day of 
June, 1819 - - * - 1,741 16 U 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

SepteMXr ^/taiOv 949 

For tl^ Eitabltthment and Maintenance orf the Public Navig»^ 
* tioo in IreTand, r4s^Bd in the Dkectora of the inland' Navig^i- 
' tion ; for the 3»«ar 1819 .1 * £4;480 D 

For carrying' on the Works aiDwnfnoreHafbottf; ' 
ID the current year * "" • * 1^,000 a 

To carry on the. WorW at Howth Harbour ; in 
the current year * - • • GJOO 

For clothing the Battle Ake Guards for I8mt»nths, 
commeDcii^ from the 1st day of Jane 1810 G83 1 6 

For defraying: the Chalrge of €lbtl»in^ of His 
Majesty's OfHtets of Arms, Pursuivants, and 
State Tmmpeters in Iceland, for three years, 
commencing the t7th day of March 18)0 * - 1^1 15 10 

To delrajr the expense of the Police ami Watch ' 

Estafrhshment of the City and Districit of Dublin ; , ' 
for the j^lt ending the t^th day of January 1920 26,600 

To provide for Fever Gases in Ireland \ for the 

year ending Ditte *• * ♦ - K>,00a !► 

To provide Utensils and Implements of !\IanufacT 
ture for the use of the New Bridewell, in DubI'm 1 ,000 . 6 Q 

To pay the Salaries of the Commissionefa ap-* 
pointed to inquire into the Duties, Salaries and. 
Emoluments of the Officers, Clerks and Minis- 
t4^ of Justice; in all Temporal and Ecdosiasti-^ 
cal C9ttrts in Ireland; for one year ending 
the 6th day of January 1820., i ..,. 7,'t20O o 

l*o enable t^ Lord- Lieutenant of Ireland to is- 
sue Money from time to time, in aid of SchooU • . - 
establisi?ed by Voluntary Contributions* »• 3,000 - 

To make good the Advances ii^dc from His Majes- 
. ty*s Civil feist in b*eland, pursuant to Addresses 
. of the House of Commons, of the 8th day July 
1817, and the 2d day of June 1818, for the re- 
rooneration o<f theCommi^foners appoifiited to^ ....>: 
^' inquire into tbe Fees and Emoluments of Officei*^ • • 

of the Courts of Justice in Ireland .., 17,076 18 5 

Tq defray the Expense of builiiing drarofaes aild 
Glebe Houses, and of- purchasing. JGlebes in ^ 
Ireland; for one year ending the tOtli day of 
January 18Z0, .............V... 0.230 .0 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

idO DispotritioK or 6iiant«. 

To (iirther defray the Bxpeme of building Chtttcbfts m$A /Blebt 
Houses, ^uMi d>i pnechasing' Gimlet in IrelmiHi ; tbr one ym^ 
ending iha 5th- day of JanQ^48ap •••««,^..M.£iB/iei 

To defray the Expense of the Tniateet of the 
Linen and Hempen Manufactures of Ireland ; 
for one year ending the ftth day of January 
185EO, to be by the said Trustees appfied tn 
such manner as shall appear to them to be 
most conducive to promote and encourage 
the said Manufactures •«•»•• .10,038 9 i 

To deOray the Expense of the Commissioners for ^ 

making wide and convenient Streets in the City 
of Dublin ; for one year ending the 5th day 
January ino .—^ •.- • MiOOO 

To defray an additional Allowance to the Chairman 

of the Board of Inland Navigation in Ireland ; * , 

, for the year 1810 - - - ^6 IS 6 

Tovlefray the Expense of putting the House of 
the Royal Irish Academy, in Qr2[lon-street» into 
^perfect repair - - - - 300 

To defray the Expense of supporting the Pro- 
testant Charter Schools of Ireland; for one 
year ending the 5th day of January 18t0 • 24,000 o ^ 

To defray the Expense of the«Foundling Hoapital 

at Dublin ; for one year ending do. •• 30|000 t), cT 

For supporting the House of Industry, Hospitals 
and Asylum for Industrious Children in Dublin ; 
for one year ending do ••..»• ;.;•••••. 39,000 6, 

*f\> defray the Expense of supporting the Richmond 
Lunatic Asylum in Dublin ; for one year ending* 
do... ^ ;-..^** 6,665 

To defray the Expense of the Hibernian Society 

for Soldiers Children ; for one year ending do... 9,200 . 

To defray the jMrobable Charge of the Hiberniaii 
Marine Society in Dublin : for one year ending do« lyBOO 6 O 

To defray the Expense of the Female Orphan . 
HoQse, in the Qtrcnlar Road, nenr Dublin ; for 
one year ending do »...m ^fiM Q 

For supporting the Westmoreland I^ock Hospital 
in Dublin ; for one year ending the 4th day of 
Januafy 1820 ,«.»... .4 8,000 O 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^ M4>lMiliiig"^lift LyiDgr4ii HospiUd in Dublm; for one year 
efld% the 5th daj <ir JmnMj, }890 ...•• £3^00 

Ta defray the probable EzpoDse of Doctor S teveqs's 
Hospital : tor one year ending' the' 5th day of 
Jaavary }8S0.. ^ ..^ 1400 

To deiray the Sxpenae of ihe Fevor Hospital and 
Hou9e of RecoyeryyCorkrStreet, Dublin ; for one 
year ending do. •••.. , 4|600 

To d^fhty'the fijtpense of the Hospital for InciHra- 

i))efm|>iibUa; tor WQ yoi^r ending- do,.... 4ep di 

To defray the Charre of the Establishment ef 
the Roman CathoUc Seminary in Ireland; for 
one year ending do » «. 8,M8 O 

To defray the Etxpences of the AJsociation incor- 
porated for discoontenancing Vice, and promot** 
ing the knowledge and practice of the Christian 
Religion; for one year ending do '. 3^80 Q 

For defraying the Charge of the Green Coat Hos- 
pital of the City of Cork ; for one year ending do. ' 1 00 

Fof defraying the charfi^e of the Cork Institution ; / 

for oneyear ending the 5th day of January 18M 9,300 

To defray the Expences of the Society for pro- 
. moting the Education of the Poor of Ireland ; 

for one year ending do *. 5,588 O 

To defray the Expeoces of the I^ublin Society ; 

for one year ending do 9,900 0- 

T6 defray the Expences of the Farming Society 

of Ireland ; for one year ending do. ^.... 3,000 

Tp ^^ft^ the Civil Contingencies in Ireland; 

ibr the year ending do. • - - 90,000 

90,503/140 8 1 

To discharge the like Amount of Supplies, 
granted for the Service of the year 1818, re- 
maining unprovided for - • 8^3^^ 

£98,559,549 8 1 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

N. B, The reader viU obsarve> ^ifat the alcove ferAM ,^j - 
kboat flttferrrf of tb^year*s cxi«nditnrc.' 1 rtWl', in itiy hcxt,' 
grvea farther AK^conut ; and, in that, or the next nnmbcr, shall, 
include a v\tw ottbe i^AoIe year's, expendiiore*. kt pr^iesKt-l 
vrbb the reader to look at tbc>above sum Mtparaidfi'^ tomarli: 
what eaoh aum is for : and to consider WHOSE HAND3 it 
falls into !-^I shaJl haire very frequently to^ Tfftr to tb^ above, 
account, and; therefore^ I- strongly recooim^iid te the ieader to»- 
keep it with care^ 

Krraliun.^a pi^t ad4, Ud€ \K of tbin Nombcr, for ^ little tadks.'^ n^^ 

PtiwXtA snd rublisbed by W. BeKDoU,* 2PD, SlrincL 
Pricv 8ixj>ciiec Halfpenny }n tlic Couairy 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

- . > » . * 



i W ." .. ' , J i I ^ b M ili T -.' 

iw'j— n . the safety of individUak'ri^^ 

of optnion Ihit yoir '^txinfmng 



tHm not one of ttiose, \vhp 
lliv^ thj;4 mt^ch diuager tb ^er 
Majesty^ canse m Ukeiy. id arise 
IWftfa Afr. Broi^g^iatn ijot tavidg 
j^pen pemitted to op^a liis case ; 
Ibemw^l am €o^ymced, ihkt if 
IH^ iMttfef were iid^i4^<^sed \ 
If Doi.^otlier word were' to bft 
M)4^Qi» li|fl^u^)ject,ii tb^Hpijse 
^ImrdM, ^ pol^Iie, t1n» wliile 
flitibn, Jthfe wfible world, woUM 
pfOQou]^ het !VIajest}i; iraooeDl 
o£the charges pnefieanrbd against 
ker/^nd. ^tU afeo pronounce 
tliose (^icuiges tSbave ori^mat^d 
m, Kt long^preiMedtMed and 
iklWfyHkrtittif ed coiispirirtjy. But 
t&e press has its rigfiti^^ ahd 
a^i9Ag^t theiye is* ike i^ht of 
^xpire66ing w&at med t;tenk on 
Soi^ect^contiect^d with ihe na- 
tional welfare, whether such ex- 
pression be necessary, or not, to 

up was sopbistica!; and wa§ lil- 
tended to ^ist in^€;9(;|fuliab- 
iaglt^ uiijj9St,,^,;i^,gi9rk^ 
o6iiiiten«noe^ to lMa4 enbtMn* 
pa^ated an<^ exlp^eted fen^^^ 
"^e^efpre^.«^^ilji,^ ibJi^ ^^if, 
my answer txft tlwt .wlnflMii^ 

la dpifig: t|)is^ I shall iu Single 
degfto invefii^ tfae.4miaii'\yRtticb 
y»«ilhqOght propet ttt| i(d(AH'- 
that is to s^y, l sh^I /^fia 
wheiie yoii Mt oC Vou/ «aer 
ait yodr etfotls: to produce a 9e^ 
\ikt in the .soundness W yp)ir* 
<u|8e ij^f,:JthiQl(. {Kv^pec j(o o4bnw 
ducb with'|>/v»/Wtim^ «M^/o 
mMmsL<;(nJi:ii?t»A^. VbUiihiar! 
ry. pro/e^tqm 'wK* «iWc>W!«- 
^(m« alwi^is'eiicite-SQsptoiofl^ay 
to the' isincefrity^of thos^ Who 
make them ;.ipt I reqollecit no 
instance, io.wkioh <^viiigSKof 
this kind have been made '^{i' 
a woi:se gi^ce than those 914^ 
by yotU< in this: cwie yott not 
only profess for yourselfy hui 
fot^all those concerned, in the 
l^secQtion; AttorneyMGe*era>, 
Ministers, and M^inn Commis- 

Printed and publisbud by W. BbxNbow, 260, Strand. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




^ioa ; you are Profes^or^Gene- 
ral i and, as you thought it ne- 
". icesjiary. to vq^ake the professions, 
it will, I trust, be deemed not 
inipro|>^r that I in^uico into 
Iheiy sincerity. 

You condude in the foltow- 
fag^ MOT&n : * '' He bfegfged ndw 
f'.to' bi9^ altowed to revert to 
'* what had been baid yesterday, 
'^ that the case had mllen inti- 
'« nitcAy^horl <irf the openittgrof 
*f hit hon. and learned ftiend^ 
'^ the Attorney-General. He 
" asked if the case now in c^vi« 
^ dehce «pd#^ 4ia^ a» terMig: tn 

'} fhe Qp^^ng had been^ ai^ \f 
*• fV dtd not justify all tDhich 
** hts hbn. and leafi^ed friend 
^ had 9tated in tke dMskarge 
" ^ the duty yfbich their lord- 
*' ships had imposed on him I It 
"was im];iosaible !br him to sit 
^ 4ofwn ' wHhout 4Uiidiiig to 
V* what bad boea drag|f<^.d into 
'' ev9ry cross-examination, and 
** had been rung' in tiieir ears, 
'^ not only froth the beginning 
V<to the end of tUs ciEso, bujt 
•'from the first napment apy 
** mention was made ot the sub- 
"jefet, and. for tbe purpose of 
. ^SanToLirinjgt in teprpach every 
*< individual who took any part 
*' in the proceedings. It was 
**' quite tmpo«M4ie for the per- 
«* SODS at the head of his Ma- 
" jesty's government no( to have 
" esiabltshed some mode €f in* 
^ ^uiry ; it yras quite imp<58- 
*' sible that they should not 
*< have inquired into reports 
** inlthe highest degree deroga- 
*^ tory to her Royal Highness, 

Utid in g^iaeral cir^diion t?K 

most puits of E'Urope. Hfe 

asked tti^m whether it was 

" not their duty to inquire if 

" those reports were or were not 

" tru€ ? There was only one 

" mpde of doing ^his ; that mod0 

*' was, to select persons eminent 

" in point of character, of great 

'* duiraeter for integrUy Okd 

" knowledge, to make tbit in- 

" quiry. Accordingly, as ju- 

" dicious, as proper a selection 

" as could be made, had beeH 

"adopted At the bead wa» 

'' one known to be a man of the 

'* highest re«pec(a6tZf7|/— knowtt 

" to possess unimfeaaufile tn- 

" teghty, and of 'greai ^H 

^' and hiowledge in the law^ 

*' of his country. He t^ \ktem 

" at the head of ibe eobmia- 

^' sion-^f commission jt^was to 

" be ealled-rfor the parpii^se oC 

" obtainiogt. not .id)e ^^omoiiiv 

"but evidence of fact^^^s^cfa a» 

"could aloiiQ be admitted in 

" every court in this epuntry. 

" He asked if any fairer Bd^ 

'\ tion could have beep xn^de than 

*' another gentleman, otyrhoiok 

" mention had be^n made in 

" the course of the pio'oeedin|p> 

" who possessed, great praettes 

" in the law, A third gentle* 

," man. Colonel Brown, he was 

" not acquainted with ; but be 

" was told that l^ <;^racter 

" stood as high as that of amy 

" of those who had darsd t6 

" tradvce him. Was h^ jesti-* 

" fied, tben> in saying that it was 

" a duty upon ministers to have 

" instituted an inquiry intQ th6 

" reports circulated ? And wa6 

" he justified ii) saying that mi-^ 

" nisters had exercised 9L,s9Hnd 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

■ ■■■ ,>«iifci »_J 


Sep^bKIBBR )6, I8M. 


^' dim^naionf Ikible to no impii-* 

' *' tktiotk' \Yh^Xe^cY, in^^elecUug 

" peiison^ to cortduct the nec^s- 

"J^T;jr 1i\qdiry ? He begged 

*^ J^rdod if he had occupied 

'''tJJieir lordships' time too long*. 

*' He hoped he had fairiy stated 

**'*the eVraence'iri'tfie case. He 

" had been arutious not to have 

..,-/* ^o^{y^rcd Qp> (li^CQloured any 

.?^ J^t qr circumntance. If he 

*'liad tortured or discoloured m 

t' ^y degree, he regrmed it; 

"; for hie bad been deairoit^ only 

*' to do his duty, and not to nw>- 

*' represent ; "and lie hoped he 

" Mii^ht'be allo^d in concln- 

•'^ say, and he said it 

; ''Jrom iJ^hmpm of his heart, 

"* anj^ in the \{lmo8t sincerity ; 

' ^*, be sincetHy^ arid dettmUy 

' ''^' ^Ae4; pot that the evidi0»ce 

7 ^*^ mbpXj^'he confound^ jmd per- 

♦ "^tj&y^^®^' ^"^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^s, that 

^^^ /'TfsHouta be the result of this 

*''*^'**pfoc6edidjg-, lte« her Royal 

^^ ^^hty atisf action of their Lo^^ 

" \** iXins, and every indlividuai 

^*;^ in^VU country^ Jier fdiil and 

^""^"Mnkultied iimatence. Wha- 

^!'^7;^her this was likely or wi, 

* *^ « VbhTd be unbecoming- in 

•^^;"'ttftto offer any opinion. He 

'*^^'-:'; hid' t>nly to say, that the 

'; " jBT^amble of .the bill ^as 

,*.. '^'proved, unless ' the proof 

"'\ *^ shoidd he impeached by evt- 

'' dence, dear, distinct, and 

..*' scUisfactory, on the part of 

, *' her Majesty r (Hear, hear I 

Order, order I) 

- .p^hxxs, then, 'we 'have from 

>^3fP" the 'profession of a sincere 

.,^ apd ilevout wish, coming from 

V^ ^heh^om qf your heat^, that 

her Majteety should be fol^y ft«)4 
clearly aeguiUadL Thin is amM^ 
ter which, takeii in connecti^iA 
with the rest of your speecb> 
amounts to a great deal, ii ig 
the tebt of your 6incerit|jr\and. 
your character. 'If 'her Ma^ty 
be clearly ac(|uitted^ what YoIh 
lows ? Why, amdngat » #ltief 
things, the ererlftsting ' ^ame* 
and ignominy of the inv^nt^rs 
of Ibtt Mttan Gooimissibn ;> of 
th^ piMie8< bekm^Bg te that 
Commission ; and of all thos^ 
Yiho bave taken pirt ia Ifae^in'' 
stigttHng^'and in th^ ^afryhig 
on of thi^^Vra^^ij^ion. T<^ sn^* 
pose that the present noiaiirtty 
oouM remain in 'pow€#* tsSiet' 
such kn acquitUl, is impossible \ 
&Dd, therefore, to belieye you 
sinoere in 'this wkh, W6p must 
flfftt befieve that you mdst^anxi^' 
ously, most sincerely, liiost db^ 
voutly, and fro^ the telCom of^ 
yoiir hec^t, wish to ^%e ttf^e^ 
put of office, and to see bl^t^ 
for ever all liope -of obtaiiiing'^ 
those eAiotounenls and^h^ifofi^i 
which ^^cre the natliruHy eit- 
peeted reward of that ^otrtic^U 
apo«tacy, which no'^toan t^et' 
(klls \iiio without beings actuated' 
by a motive ^sufficient to over- 
come all the or^ary feeling^' 
of HMir nature. ' 

Give me leave, therefore, td 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


To irHK.Soilc'lTOIlrGeNtRAL, 


^y, ithot I mot oply doubt of 
your,/iiHc©rity here, but (bat 1 
4fmbif>f it a$ 'U> everj.pftrt of 
y^uf sfntew^nt, V beliewe^you 
Mi 'ivl^h, frqro ^b«t bpt^isk of, 
yopr U0^t^ tbatftbe Queeo may 

publii:; €(stimMk)d>{ Apd tbat you 
nk9^^T(t&i ffom: tbi6'd9^structioPi 
^fc#>:lVlajeaty. . 
, I riiM by and bof:e. »P«;ik as 
lorth^ E^ur^ o| M»«M$videnc0 
arpft^r^ly, «Bd: ^b^llsJM^; ?0* 
^9^]^ pijly'on youF.jififi^tiofi 
wi|b,,.r€tgaid. t^ Jb^ :,<)fiftnw&y 
s^gt^ 9^ ibr 4ttofDfiy Q^i^mi. 
Tqo|U(g\^rt.:th?|^fiyw»!r |P»^ 18 ^ 
af/m^Jfi fleets fi^dd^ttiista^ it 
Sjt9)(^ ift that ftpeuj^ j^p^ecb. 
Ti^pTiS^airi^Q oqe wJm) dc^pbt^d, 
tihat if^^m^mng w^d go ^ 
fiur.m tlve opwH»gr iBi^t, >hfiDe 
wwi o^^ pifft of that, opepi^g, 
w^ioh. wa« of 60, odi^Mfi and 
Jbidoi)|iiaaT)ati|re> that it was not 
t|9k»,)i^ e&pe<&ted tbat even an 
^ii^p^yfoui4 be oiadQ tp e^- 
tobfe^ , it fey i evidenqe.. . , The 
P9iN|geK>f the opemgM which 
L {^Uudj^.if^g^VeD by the reporter 
ifk-^^eit, Mi^mt^g woi:ds ; *' Oft. 
M t^ riekura Qf the Prjnca^ fixHB 
'fi'tbftBast^ shpbroa^bt in b^r 
'.'7tiwia;ip?tii Uftfwed I;.ei]^i|e, of 
'^ th0 mpst brtttaL ajod, depraved 
• " ^manners. ^ This periiijOP used 
*$• to.^bibit himself al tht^ Villa 

'' Branchi in the most indecorotu 
'' and ^dmehit manner, tfie . 
*' Princess and Derg^a^i ^^P\S 
" preseiH. . TJie^ eirpuQistaiices 
** ^0 do shoektng, so di%astfttg 
*• io tiie mlnlcl, that 1 ciimot.> 
" tdjiihfiul diffienUif bring ipy* 
'^ self to mention them to yonr, 
" tfOrdshipSj but it is necessary^ ^ 
'*' T]fi^jMiinfi4situqlion%n^wJ^ich 
V.i aff» flacid,'re^JOatis^^i I 
" shodld' Aafc' yoirf iiiriNlfibal" 
'! UQderstap4 the future, of tpe 
'^ difigastinlg' exfaibition; r whicb 
•< *A<rfi bq>/)W ftjr tf^ tAtfriMHif 
**' Ojf various vntneiscs- , ^|^s 
<'HM*>,in tfae riinti()b 1 df-,'^ 
" sevibed, osed to Iftftl^ATE, , 
*' an^ong^t P(b4?r ^hing^|S^ in tl^ 
"ino$t indi^iiof^e mafiper, the. 
*' befoVei the servants, in the 
*^ prfis^e^, tki Princesif," [ , 
. Now , let it be obsei^ed, that^ 
,wftK tbis odious and detestable 
charge^ inm , intfodu^d^ with ^ 
^piarent trembling relitctaooe, , 
thus painfully forced from tbq 
humane an^ piodest A^U^^fi^y 
jGreneral ; with thisoliarg^e, thus 
introdueed, that jpious advoca^ 
dosed his long string of accusa- 
tionsy asserting that it should be 
sitppprted l?y the, t^tim^oy of 
several wi1;nesses^ And how 
hs|8 it beeii supported eves by. 
your own witnesses? Why^ 

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Sfit*T&M6£li \6, isito. 


after ail the' attempts that ybxi 
were able* to make to get' this 
inbtt' homble falsehood dowb 
iikthestape of evidence, it'tittits 

tioo to atten^pt to g\i/e Ibrbe t«>^ 
yxMit statemeotby assevieratioiM ' 
of yoar sincerity in wisfcki^^biti* 
the ioitoM 6f yiyArheitrt'thhi 

cnit that Leone was an rrAi^4N\ the Oaeen might be aeq(lltte4f' 
BUFFOON; or, s^ we call such j Your next attempt In iSbiis 
penom^Grim€ddi,^ClX>WNy ddsitkg st^jing- of/professioiiii k^^ 
ahd thf i he exl^ibited before tbe I to acquit the Ministefik of all 

Princess and n'uinerous other per^ 
sons, iipba duibecous ocbaeldhs, 
tha^ which ihe witnesses called 
a WJFEOOl^JERY, T^othin§r 
more cbnld. be eitracted than 
this. ' It will be prbveid, I dare 
say, that the Queen was no more 
gfvtlty of crime here than l^dietf 
in this coi^tflry are when tbej see 
' tlie Clowns OB the stage, parti* 
eularly at the .fairs fbrongbeitt 
^^ cODidtry. U will be fbund, 
I dai% say, tbat»she toOk too par- 
^ciilh^%djB%ht In these e^ibi^ 
liotos; but, ait any^mte^ wius ii 
not monstrous to accuse tmr of 
having had exhibited before her 
an iiiiitatioa of the sexaal inter^l 
cxmcse; fo'send.fbiih.thafacodr' 
aalk>h, prSmeditaifedly to send it 
^tthall over the wodd, kn6^^ 
mg that ii moat lie fbr many 
weeks lincoiitradicted by evir 

in yoajto say, th^t the facts and 
details of the Attorney General 
hare all bden made out by evi-^ 

dence? And after thi)^ i&it not Besides,ifthe ministers had heard 

A monsrtrbos attempt at imposi- 

bli&me in sending oat kn^ 4iip« 
porting ihe Jiliton CommtssIoiK' 
Yoii assert, tb«t it was '^ 'qitite^ 
tfl^o«w*6fe^^. that the MJnisteri' 
shdald not have establislied\ 
BOme mode of enquiry *inta the 
truth odr:€ysebood'o/ the^r^pepts 
circulatdd m ihost perts'6f finrop# 
de^ogatorjr to her then ICa^r 
U'^biiess. You aak wbethet il 
was not their dufty to institnte' 
BUdi inqtiiry. 

This is going very &r back ; 
it invitee Us to a discussion which 
yoii would have done wcTl to 
leave unprovoked ; for, K the 
reports were so widely cirru- 
lated, why have you not-dared 
to ^r6duce aay of those persons, 
who were' the bringers of Ihe 
reports ; for those persons musi ' 
have possessed' some knowledge 
beyond thial of mere rumour ; 

dedee; is it t^i noiv moastroua and before any procectding ivas 

adopted npbn their intelligence, 
that intelligence' ought to havo 
been seen to be w^U grounded. 

sueh reports; and if they really 

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seatou|49mf.|»»U kiown fiiead 
ot.^ljefiMiki^lly lo,fi(r» hwrin- 
for^nnUon df tlw v^forli; to 
yr|^rR4^ofhe^^lAn|r«r; tobe^ 
leeph h^r% be^ WMre pcudeDt 
lM,^ihart, li^jF woAd h&ve acted 
at /f^l^ntfit .asd aot as eaumiea. 

t|^ apjMMPMi^ tfvey keep th^ 
iA((|rnatio^ef9ret,tfaey sead out 
yiqa. to vrticb, fo;^ tutned off 
a^vftOti.) .Tltey.3eiid out lawyers 
t^rf^llipctdcfautioas; t^ey make 
a}ii|iairpfeparatiom (or$tfA]dng 
^^ Umt ; and wben they ace 
r0^4y.tY^ threaten her with 
a pjrosctutioa if she ^fure come 
^jEEngi^nd't and at the s^e 
time tender her a princely in*- 
4i«ne if 3fae will Temaip out of 
tbe^kiqcdoin ! . . < 
,.t Didrtbis look Uke apxbty tp 
pfefjia^e. the . honaur »of the 
Qfpwii^ and. Ae Royal F«niiy ? 
«^ Jt^vi' shew ade^p sebse pf 
d^ty towi^da the Ckowo and to- 
ijracds the people I Did all this 
Ipok lil^ (air, honest and friend- 
]^,dediing: ;s oc d^ it lool^ like a 
premeditated plan ^r her Ma- 
jesty's destruction as Queen of 
this kioipdom ? 
The next band that vpu take 



are the 

4' ', if B ^r 

in yoixr 

me^lieps of .^tb^ ^|jilan ^<x>m-; 
missicin. In yo^r |^iaif«s;^^f ^^^^^^ 
CooKJBi Jt W0UI4 be uniust^to,, 
suppose you either more or l^ 
sinoere than you arp 
wish^ for tlie acquittal of the^ 
Queen. For my Qwn iff^t I 
know nothing of hin ; and . 
shall only say, th^t I jud^ of 
hiAi front his acts ; and that hSs 
voluntarily taking upon }up»self 
such an employment is* c^uije^ 
sufficient to m^ke us abquainti^^ 
with the character of the nffin.^ 
As to Mri Powell, whom you jt^-, 
present as^ posses^qg' ^.^^^ 
pkacHce mi. the Imp, l^^bfiYe 
known nothing of him^si^eej^ 
year 1806. He ia, what the 
Wesit Indians call a JM^f^ 
or hQuartaKon,l ^^J^^^^^k^ 
andiie unites the. viya^i^^ijf jAe 
one race with the keenjae^p^ ojf 
the. Miaepeat '»<^.<^^,^Jijtpj[^^^^ 
' He was.avery^ ^t^'f^^i^HW 
labourer of mine in^tbc|t,^^i^ 
and Holy work, the 4^Qi!iij^^$w$. 
of tlie Aristocratic ipjflMif%^j^ i^ 
the Cijry Y iPe^t^^te^^ 
was tbje clerk of Mr. P^vt^^a 
^^torney during the mei^orah& 
struggle of that bra^e little m^n 
ag(Ciilst the haughty and ipso- 
lent nohles%e, and which i^trug- 
gle Actually put an end to their 
power. Mr. Powell laboured. 

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SBPTB>fB«:R 16, 18*20. 


not Hierely ia his profeBsion, bat 
as a sincere and able friend of 
tlie cause. He wrote placard^, 
he wrote songs ; he gave life to 
the dnller ma^ that we had to 
deal with; and, in shoH, he 
earned what he received, the 
praises of us all. Not knowing 
that MK Powell Jiad changed 
hit pMiic^, 1 was at first sur- 

fer that of subaltern uieniaLx 
servant. On the other hand, it 
is in 'the power of those piote?^ 
bi tors* to make him a general in* 
two days; to load him wHh 
honours in his pmfession ; ia 
make him a Knight of the Bath ; 
to make him Governor of an 
Island or Garrison; and, in 
short, to elevate him to any dc* 

prised when I heard his name^ gree. To be a spy upon the 

mentioned in connection with 
this atfair. That change having 
taken place; he, Sir, having 
like y^, and, doabtlfess, . from 
liotivei as honourable as yonrs, 
nhdeigone a eonversion, I could 
^ onee perceive that, a fitter 
mati'iqpMMi. the face of the earth 
eiStiUl noi have b^n foond to 
taiie a pi^i in the Milan Com-* 
iii^ioii. With regard to Colo- 
Nit ^owK, whose character, 
veil say, you are told stands as 
high a^ that of those who had 
damltb traduce him ; I have to 
•bse^Ve; in the first place, that. 
Wing an oflcer in the amky,'he 
u wholly dependant for his 
bread <m the breath of 'the pro- 
seentors in this case. He can, 
at any momont, be dismissed 
from the service, and thns be 
stripped of all means of ex- 
istence, unless, like yonr wtt- 
iiess, Sacohini, he was to 
4^an^e his character of ofScer 

actions of another man's wife ; 
to hunt out /or witnesses against 
her; to be associated with a 
lawyer and an attorney, to get 
together the furniture of a 
green bag: these areofiltes net 
very compatible with the dia* 
racter of a soldier; and, there** 
fore, it requires something a 
little more than you have ven^, 
tured to say in order to give us 
a h%h opinion of this GoLoim 

The pei^ns constituting this 
secret and lurking junto were 
well aware of the purposes to 
which their information was to 
be applied. They had all Urai 
in Edgland ; they had heard of 
the treatment of the persisted 
Qne^O! they knew in what 
manner she had been driven 
from her husband's hotise*; they 
had heard pf the perjuries aim* 
ed against her life in 1806; 
they were well acquainted with 


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all tiMi ^lip&rfdleled. atroeitiiBs 
e6iMMttecl «%amst her: Ihey 
nli^ ti^v^ kAotrn ^tUe^tAven^ 
lore of the Baaom 'IVDhp^ 
tKWi ; ai4,'wlth lill tWa know- 
Migie ' iR their . nnfids*, they un*- 
d^ti^e the 'Office of hunting up 
tili*,DiM-dflr servanU, and of rak- 
itig 'together every thing -that 
any Itiklhih, ]io#ev^ i^ftunbns 
his-W her "qhoiracter, would swear 
i^aiiiat\Aki deeply injured and 
fong^perfioeu^ woman. These 
ire-J&cib that nob6dy can deny. 
, ■ 7be9e faets are notorioud' aa the 
ilun kt noon-day ; and knowtng 
ihes^ fkcfls^td be true, wewant 
-Ablhi^ niiore to give na a cor- 
rect tf pinion of ;^e motives ^and 
^baractere of tbe^ three a^n* 
i¥B v^arit nfdtbihg more I* ona- 
^'05 tb jndge of the ^hiarac- 
-feraof.tWe, fi^m the'^^s* 
ters seiected for this memorable 

yi}ji conclade your speech by 
'disserting thfit the preamble '6f 
^tlie BiBi$ proved / and> hiav- 
ingr tfanr concluded, the tep^ti 
iitates:ifaat there wat a cA^mwg 
in tha House! That is to say, 
'j9jr, some, at leasts of -her llfejafi^ 
*ty\ fudges tiXuA jurors applaud- 
ed yoO ! 'ft lanot for me to ques- 
ftofh the propriety of conduct of 
•tfie' ^erso^jj who compose' the 
House of Lords ; but I ^nay 

y^ntom io aftjr, t&«l UmtmiM, 
fijvt 4lmo that wtomytu miiuait b 
of judges ^he6ri^4a MlMeiehali 
lii;eir bM. .I«hQtiAia»saboyi»^ 
pect to he(^f^jvtd§s^du!mitiiif90(it 
tomgh mpeamhgi'mt7ami$t timkt 
Crown ; or, to ate him detcmut 
from 4h€ ien€h ami'shake m$A^ 
wk!a£9oiy4hehmi^f. iC'thatr; 
lordships hail dobei eM&et lof 
these thingis dwriiig ih^^iUvit 
would , not> have b^en iioiai 
odious thim to oheer you ; taLwii^ 
therefore; I dm baund %& ^eyk^m^ 
that,. as to Uii» mallBi:, the vin 
porter teust have conMoiUcA » 
mistake. , .. n.iv.. 

'Havingf tbus^been l^t^py^ooi^ 
to take It vie>? of tbe'^vigkift^«r 
()hi8tafl(ku'r,iud io.aaqii^')aiibl|9 * 
intoJtbaoharactai! ^miiU^ti^mm 
of the paAiea aanoerned.4nI4t,4 
itoW'go ba^t to tbetbogitiBiiiig' 
6f your speodk^-wlioretyoir^til^ 
the line^f 6Mdudi^hat;yoa^«BMf / 
your Colleagues pupsuod vpn^ 
receiving dii^e^tions to aufppoit 
tho&ilK ^£al^ thiMigh is joifglit 
h^ convenient enoagh: to ytm> to 
bitnk all the provivii^ i4rdn»aii» 
Jions, ifrom. the iehding otxtoC 
aples tO'Italy, tb^ie^tomiimic^' 
nient df the trial, it beeomos 
tiot Us to be guilty of sudh 
blinking; for,'on the conduct, of 
the prosecutors, previous to the 
trial, a great deal depemib*— «» 

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'SSffTttMBCIl Ifi/IB"^. 


Hit o&tiAm^^iietfes -to tiMA- 
datedAwr iDcrtivlM); >vaA;\(mt 

tbdfMiaiiceotte- de|Brtwiiitlori: of 

tbat iraportant'ibct in btr fliinds 
-v^ton we kte eootesilrfathig the 
ewtohti tfaUt th^y have finally 
prodsee^.' , I> ikant&f^, tboll go 
intdttiiew pr^vMtt transaetioins ; 
«Ml, if l^alKM thiit the fesl ob- 
jeot ill mk>ng 3iat bet^n to Jto«p 
•km- Mdtfe^h/ fimn ^ ttHMty, 
mr'MkuMpe h^ J^mii'it, i nuurt 
« e crtt«r ity view the e^iden^ 
broogM (brwtu'd aia hating" IthM 
Ibv: ilB> objett; and if thi^ wa^ 
tbo object, I most Ibok trt e^ery 
-Mld-df 'etSdeb^ WAh aome- 
4Mlig^4^t«l«t deed mdre thatt 

- ^<«li& Ai«t f]flaee> I>tbittk it ki& 
«MI#^^dlljr-^t, that it was at 
«r»(K{MMdeti tftwv to gi:<^e h^t 
MlQMiytoftMlCit'iSl!. iffcuch 
baftt MCft 'the 4«M^ntion/ Why 
w«#gfleto Mgsseii]^ up seat 
4o'«IHe tW Hopes' of hitlta- 
taMt f^^There Wc^ preeedentk 
emM|sfh ft>^ ^Mltng Gle^n Bags : 
for rt S ft ftifeg- thi^e to scf^$r^ (k>ni- 
BiiWet?' kind ^or pasising Bills, 

at bnce, up^o the report of those 

Committees. But, for admit- 

, tjqg tbp aacosed party to trial 

aiieir such reports, iboW Wktif ' 
no, precedents^ atf'aH.' 'When 
theRefoMe^ werdptft'iii dtni* 
gi^bm k Ifia;^ the QlU . was 
inteed epon the tc3e griimd ii 
tlie Re^rt trf fieoret lOmLvei^^ 
4ee8. The RefbDwert pniyed ^ 
be beard in their deiMMe before 
tbe BasBlag of the BiU. They 
lamented Petitiens ^yvng^ 
be iieard before Ihey were c6b^ 
d^tmed. TUy dbcbuMril Hbe 
^RepoBts to contain' fal^liodiAit 
iimiipra3neii td be penaftti»ft to 
produce eyidenee Vt ife >b«f to 
proi^ those fa1selided£ Ybeir 
petitions .were trcgected ;- :dnd 
the; hoitible Bttt wte' i^sed. 
•I cahsee ito reaseti,-!tl|ei^fbre, 
for :flBppaBi%^a^, m tbeitivt 
instdnite, any '^tel^at jittH^ai in^ 
lebded; and my belff tft.^at 
tbe tgaLwaa.lB ugg i irtiid fto the 
prosecutors solely by/ttoioad 
expt^sbion of the pUibltid'^ce. ^ 

.A tirlal, % fcir, openltt^artiftl 
trhil,.was what tfae^aeM bad ' . 
no qgiit ta^1]jeet^;:avd^ wic^ 
what, iuMd/'she imd- always 
coerted. Bui wfe^ sort' ^ trhd' 
is this «3 whieh tbe tMefeh Aa*, 
in the' Ceu^ of 'her i^pdati^ fitb^ 
teste, beeit subjected f To irniU* 

mcrate the circumstances, with- 
out any comment og them, will 
be quite sufficient to gite pes- ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




tetity a correct 'Opinion of tbe 
naiQfe of this nover-to:be-(dr- 
gotteo Trial 

Fiit#<ijUie,pret6Bded evidoncp 
is laid before the Houses sealed 
tip, acoonniaDied with a propo- 
siiioa tp'submit this evidence to 
^eorftteoniaiittees ; which com- 
mijUees consisted of the prose- 
cutors .themselves, and some 
other persons' of their chusing. . 

Se^md, the jMlioisters.describe 
.l|p^.,exiiience as amounting' to 
a^fui^ms. a^d ^vy charge^ 
i^{iiiast th^ Xlmeen. 

Third, these same Ministers 
ofilpr. iato a. negociation with 
her Mfye«iy» oflering her per- 
(M, impooity, a splendid con- 
vio^aace to t,he continent, an in?- 
tntduotioKi, as* Queen of Eng^ 
llMid, to AFAreierq Court, and a 
Urin^Iy inconie Jbr the reniain- 
dei; ol her ii£^ 

. Jk^o^rih, .the .House of Ck>m- 
inofM send a deputation to her 
HtJfM9^ containing their de- 
lAaq^ian^ that sbfi m|iy ^eept 
of these. tei^ms« without Jaavii^ 
mf» itain upon bee character. 
AAd dedftriog*, also, at thesame 
time, that a trial» terminate how 
it'J9Kay» "mti«t be derogatory 
" to the dignity of tl^e Crown, 
" and i^jurio^$ to the hestr in- 
*' terests of the c&wtf^yy 

Fifth, the Queen having- re 

solved not to accept of these ' 
terms ; pot to be banished, from 
England, the House cX Lords, 
(who had suspended the ope*' 
ration of their Secret C^^^ 
tee) resolved to go into thai 
Secret Committee. 

<Stj:tA, their Secret Committeii' ' 
make a Report containijig heavy 
charges against the Queen. 

Sevent/i, upon this report, a 
Bill is brought in by the Minis* ' 
try, called a BiU of Pains and \ 
PenaJlties,, containing the most 
grievous accusations against tbeT 
Queen, charging her with an 
adulterous intercourse, in^ i^n- 
tendng her to degradation i^'' 
divorce. . , . ' 

Eighth, this BiU is not pro- 
ceeded upon directly; but Uiis^ 
Bill, together with the Report 
on which it isfbunded, are sent 
all over the world ; ^re pjaeedl 
under the eyes of the nation, aa 
containii^ facts which the (prose- 
cutors solemply declared i^y 
were prepared to substantiatft 
by evidence. These documenta 
are thus placed under the eyes 
of the nation, there to remain 
for six weeks, without any op- 
portunity afforded to ner Majesty 
to produce any thing in refuta- 
tion of these outrageous* ac- 

Ninth, her Mfdcsty, in order 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

573 • September la, 18M. 

tha{l!ne migKi ^ l5e fjrepared t6 
rabttl^churgek'^unide^ on evU 
dence, or prefenaea evidence, 
ooiteclea oy the means of Cooke', 
PowfU, Urown and others, in 
the manlier th^ we have geen. 


applied to be furnfshed with the 
names and descriptions of th^ 
persons who had swora agpainst 
ber. This, which is uniformly 
granted )n every case of divorce ; 
and was the more necessary fn 
thiscaft^ because the home of 
Um witnesses was at so great a 
distance/ and because they were 
tttterly unknown in the' vicinage 
of tl^ Court; this ioas refused 
to^Her Mif^eatyl 

Tenth, her Majesty next ap- 
pited ior the names of the plaee9 
wKere'^ne/ alleged ciimes bad 
bee^ odmmitted. Th^e, too, 
were reiosec^ her. So that, she 
was Uft for the whole of the 
six'weeti:s^ without any possible 
cfiu^ W wttch she could come 
atthentieans of cross-examina* 
tion, ''or at facts and cir<^um« 

*Ii'' till -'._ . , , , 

Stances to develope the charac- 
ters^ ^Minections and motives of 
the witnesses ! 

Mepenihf ihe C!ourt, as it is 
catle'd, opens. And how is H 
composed t Partly of the prbse- 
cators ciiem'selves ! It is com- 
posed, not of twelve men, taken 
promiscuously from a long pan- 

nel; the judges afe>' at ^once^ 
judges and juron, and pM M 
them are the accusers ; anti tfMJie 
accusers are also the MittiH^ 
of the Kihg, fr<rtn whom H*'^ 
proposed to diroree the Ql<i^Di 
How these judges, juroft airf 
accusei^ are situated tdati^iy . 
with regard to ^ch other ; ftow 
all, or any paH, are jituatcrd 
with regard to tfaeKitig; Hdave 
the public to jiklge; ^bui, ^in 
this case, anatolnrfty is ^M^ 
required Id tKe ^dtiasAm/idi^' 
the case witha jtfry; iff tf^ 
case, the jttty are tiot aH' re« 
quired to be pii^nt duHng the 
whole of Ifae l^rocecMteg^ ; ^ 
this case, any plurt of iW jttf 
may excuse thenitolTes ft^MM- 
attendance ; in tkA dkse; tftcf 
tnil Wy stop wtehev<rf fhi^ 
prpslteutor plea6M;*'and tety'S^ 
revived again, at any ftrtUre ]^ 
riod ; in thlrcase, all, -you say, 
is right and Adr, tme, 1fiir*thl0 
case, we find nofhfaig 4Hat w^ 
find in that specie^ of ^tt»itf to 
wbteh w6 have been aecttsCoined, 
arid to whit^h species "of ttM 
alone her Majesty hasfippeaUi^ 
while agaitist the presi^t mddb 
of trial, she has con6t«litly 

Twelfth, the witne$(ies are fi- 
nally brought* to the spot by 
night. They'are shut up fa a 

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To THE SoucrtQk^ General. 


prtreM, from which th^ ire »^^^-'^'^ v»' '.-t . *.i i>j 
&nMTti mw ^ a time, to 'be 
prodiibsd attke bar. The Couft 
tortf ir gtiarded' not only by 
dbiteerms soUklrs/ horse 4iid 
foot/fhit by « species of gem 
itarmi^; ^rmedT With swords^ 
atid'i^istois, nkonnted on horse- 
lN»ek/and y^t, in a sort of dress 
Mi^f iftan that of soldierfi. The 
streets leadlifig' to' tihis Court have 
. been tdt ast^ndeir by barr7cadoes, 
leaving* otlTy narrow passages^ 
j^iiarded byWmedmeh ; so that 
the publit' tixtTie been forcibly 
preire'fftedlrom-g'eiRing even a 
vfeW ot the otttslde of the baitd*' 
ingi, fiventh^Sarkd have been 
etofiied. : An Hieise barricMdoes 
and ' obitv^uttfotiB are so hiany 
op^n and dariA^^eoMe^ of ^b 
fartb. ^^ey are s^ihany ikdiiit' 
^li -wstii They itfe so fliarty 
aei$ W&i^h' td-ci punishable t>y 
the wdll ktiown l^tv^ of the 
lahfl ;'and^beingf perpetrated by 
the iheans^absdldte foPde, they 
ai^e k'^al^tlsp^n^on and ab^ 

seni^'orthe te^s.' Men have jir^t/two days mbreior'tiie^ef^ 
beeh ktoockied dbtrri; the gHk^ dencetoworkagainstthet^eSsn', 

d^ariff^B InlVe presented ' theif 
s^p^trt^ds and' pistols at ^divers 
citizens Who attempted to ^a55S 

along those public highways, \ 

alpng which they had a right 

to -pass. 

TMrtmthl Che trial 
on the iTth bf'AugUst';* iU^^^ 
tomey Gerieral 'o'pens W^case^ 
This openf]5g,together^^l& the 
evidence of khe first witiieus^Vlie^ 
before the publictor three wlbole 
days'withoiftf the possibility of 
any thing being |>roduced ixs 
counteract their elTfect. Then 
follows a three weeks detail of 
evidence drawn- from the for- 
tress. The^Qoeen has'no kuc^* 
ledgie of any tvitness that is eoni- 
ingf 'forth. tShe has no lnM>H>t 
ledge pf ahy of the places wliere 
the altedged acts ajre said to fiavir 
been oommitted. Her ^nfasel 
has no means of eHectoal cross*' 
exantinatio^i ; and thus this Wtig 
string oY swearings '/^re ient 
fofrt^ to theii;orld. 

J^owrteevih, Mi length you 
have ran out your wSbiessesV 
add ask for thme, in order' id 6b^' 
tain a relay. This stiaihehiY/ 
this scandalous, this atrpcions-' 
application, istiot, indeed, griafii^ 
ed, but it obtains iwo Uiibgs,; 

and, next, a pretence for saynig' 
thatifthiafnevir relay ofwitn^es 
had come, yoti^ case would iSWe' 

been more complete. It^aljso 

obtains, in this mode of tiBial, j^ 

pretence for reviving the prb*^ ' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^EmtMftfR 16, 18M. 


jp^jap, hcire»(^er,^.vi\ the 
Sf^^^ pi^P^j^ings* should iajl 

sf<f^l^N^ iLOompeaa^tioia, 

^If f tbe ji^it^^^sai^ Jiec M^}e&- 
ty w:a^ to be alh»TOd/4<aft i<> 
fiK^I^^ b>t tor frQ^9>^XftWtea- 

Wi^lXim9. vfM alMwe^ b«r to 
P i ^ re * into the . olytraittep^ 

^p tioi^j^'ftlU (i^r.tidrxoiiiiMi 
i^ere.. Miap^l^ to crQss-«eit* 

fgrt^'M the ^^mtiagot wlii<^h 
iwq^ miyte^tVe theoi^ aXa^ 

pelled I^Aty; that they «l osioe 

hi^i ,ihft» 9iyiSr«XBinm» tjjHiy be* 
f<^ ;|i wo» pofifeibl^' fpf. .them 
td dHino,>.a /qlIBXte^pirt^bf ttbi, 
ipAH^atiAp D€i(6e»By io eoldiki 
thtm \lQ"j^t tha aiiiAflUile ^iiefr^ 
a^^f Uf ymtmtMBmul Adc| 
^Ap, %^, joit wUI t)bserv^, wai 
uvipbaed qa tbeftn by tile Ccicirt; 
Mc<oi»eeJudl^eliuid jutots, atid 
^op^tiog- plart|y of adbusers; 
whez-M H ^btverted,^ too, if tb^ 
foiitiil Abetr iiicctifiaiioYr ; tl' the^* 

ber Mtyesty^ have on tjbeic «{iw* 
aboufders.tbo tesffmibmtf of 
having odusdd. these pfooe;^ 
ings^ aiid of hiivmg:* 4^pbalM 
immj^me siime of tbepitUk; 
nlo^ey in the eoterpiae* . Tbt . 
Honseiof Goimnons basdecUMd; 
by: a^olemn.TOte and r^^ol^t^i, 
that the tm\, teilnmate baW<il 
Miay^ " mBst be demgaloty it 
f' tfaodigtiity of the:Qvp«fjQ ^a^i 
!^ ityiirioiift to i|ie ,b^ idtvre^. 
" qi thfe cduntry,'* boi: if tb(» 
decision audccf it khcpto to, thir, 
worid ihat th^i Acd^se^ p^r^ u 
innnceot;, iirbat then wiU he Ih^. 
r0qp»Qi}siyttty.o£.tbi9^ pvoMOH 
tor^!^ . And| let it .be» fieVer •Ibirf 
gotten^ that tftejie proi^^Hlet* 
«w«a. aiuDtigst.thoe^ ':yiK)io le^ 
taied thA .Queen's Conoji^ thai 
wiviob they 4^ned an efupiitdHii 
(biti]M denad of the lint of wiU 
nesB^ and the list of i4Ac^ 
. i^M-temNt^^ «inI test^ eenie« 
y ouD ^ttmmmir «4^y ^ thing wkol^ 
ly .udVbioma in' na Oirdiflnrjt 
eeurt«f juitk^, Where the «iAn^ 
uAkg tip ia the aiet el tt^ J^ii^^ 
and net of. tbij. ee«iutel;.iiM 
where the jhdg^e has faisplii^ 
/(frl^e^ miiesa he b€$ impeaiebed; 
and convicted of MiscOUdQct in 
bis office. 

' New, Sir J befdrc i proceed id 
comment <»n this.sumihing^i^. 

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,)^ve Inol a.rigfat to. ciiUupon 
J^p^ffl/kMhXo oQusidiBr w^Ulh^e 

^^JtfheV'&iviactioa? ltis.u»po»- 

^^Ip to i^ any tbing'^^e 

jQy,eorfe(;t.ppiAioa of. the- ifuBg 

4|ltog:eth0r> without ko^pin^ the 

y(/}^ of these .ciri^tta^ti»ces 

.^CQpstmatj^iavic^w* . You aye not 

^jto /.be, suffi^re^' to take m ioto 

. ,jro.ur caiQ, a9if it were a cas^ of 

^ iMEi f^rdioar^ nature, as if it were a 

;ps^w,hexe,partyaod^arty met^ 

^. and Mrhere )tbe ; disinterest 

J^dgfe a^jlpTOfniicuqiisiy chosen 

JuT}iiwer# paltefiupeotohlearand 

.^ctt^mU^accordingr to the usual 

lorms^aQd, op the settled pripd* 

|des,qf l^w* YoQ. ora^ iK)t to 

^tiy^^iis.ii^to a hearing of your 

sQinmng;m>, without retaining^ 

aU alqng« in our mind^, thoseim- 

l^r^jsko^ wfaiioh all these si^rteto 

, c^ronnstiMXces are so weU cal« 

/5uJiatj^,.to niftke. . Xpu talk of 

e.Yi4«^c^ .witaeases^ Jibe court, 

.;W4^9,w; hut we shottW do 

Ureat iiupstiee tot her^ Majesty , if 

yf^ ^^i^em.ta take these words in 

tt^r usual aeoepilation, la this 

i;ase,.t^ proceeding is. neither 

, Gi^41 per criminal ; ther^ isnei- 

thi^;declaratk)niior mdictn^nt ; 

the^ parity jifcttsed is neither 

traitor, adulteres6,nor trespasser^ 

It i^ amod^ of proceeding un- 

^koewn to our minds; and to 

come ata just df?^^i9A,we^f|U;»l 
coi^stanUj b^r.vjft^flip^lr ^ffha- 
racter^ the jp^idtiptg^i^ei »n^f J5»{es 
.of the pai;tie& to^tfte. ph»^<ft^^yn, 
and e veryi osb^.tbii^y ^ Wl^V^ 
the; powjeediogs |4)ay^\ j^jjljly 
bee»protfu<a9d# ,.. ) ,,,,,^,^ 

When we )wealc of ft jf^ess. 
de we n<rt aJW^ys ti^e^p a p^fi^ti 
that has cowie mt of^,tfj^,£i^ 
mwmitfl Dto we. pon /f^^/^ys 
mean a p^r^AO kpoiw^R tRvi"KW 
peopl9in the qeiW'y^Hi^s?**^** 
cepit in. eases ^ adi^|t,eiy^ ^^nd 
high treason, hits pf ,|rltfl(Wo« 
are. not furnished hc^orfrhf^pd 
But, in case^ ot iwjii^i^N^Ai^^ m 
all cases, other ^t^ ipi^acVf; of 
high treason, the^navi^ ^Kf!P^ 
of the.wiii^esses ivrj^fei^d9K>^ on 
^e Bill of4Qdioto)iiQt^,^QdU^he 
it. obsenrt^, that ^h^^^^V^ »«* 
crioiinal qi^, a pr^ijj^^^a. 
mination befMpe M^gif t^^tea^ A4 
any.rat^, when viiier;mkft9^ a 
witness, If® Bot^^apeyfi^jl^ikt 
has.live4 ippej^jy. spfiyOiiWliere { 
thai is knov^ to r ^ipe^dy 
within the ieachiOl>th^^4;;<Htft* 
We.4o aQtmc^j^Pif9fi»afiw- 
ported into tbe>K).unUBy .by-lq^ht; 
brought up the i?v^4e.r hy. ')the 
nuea^s .of mi^ed. oacEf^ p«i« into 
a fortress guarded hy ^l^MM^if ii^ 
hy water, seeiug the ^ce,af. no 
creature .except ii^p agents.,eni- 
pioyed to bring him. ao^' pro- 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


September i6» 19^0. 


'^'tf8iSfe''hiih'V «iiH/ ttifast, drawn 
""dili^^^lKWU^io'bd clapped 

^aaS^tfil^'bA*.* "Phifi is a things 
^tma^i^^ir^' todrfn when we 

'<MMu«i;'%bri9l is yiinng on- 
known to thfa 1^1^. ' 

^ '**^tlie#fe'is tit thfs 6ase, too. ano- 
ffid#fod^'iitatJ3^aI cfrcamfftahce. 

"IW^ett we iaik df ^ unine^^ we 
M6bhi(t|iers6ti tftKt has' to lite 

'WUte mfniinuniiy ftfter he ha$ 

i^vefih^iMtmohf. Sbih per- 

^'^^af^^tiikhi tb be sent away to 

'*iU^1ore^gn\£6uniwy and never 

^lA'^Si^e England again. There 
^ mr tttiUy'hien who woald fear- 
''' H^fbX^ fibse* oaths enoiigli if 
^'TflfeJ^ #ere sore W hfeing^ sent 

'**4«^Mo liV* itm/ty'uM com- 
*^^feW^Wtlfe^i^tof thtelr lives 
'^inHhasr an^'homitt' b^lng- tb 

" V6fmm''ih^: By ii'witnees, 
' ' wW^ilAitera^^rtbtt that is ^es- 
*" tecAll'io^lKre'andsby^hisf^ 
'""'Wlh^bdiliAiMifHy where he has 
• ^'^jf^n^m^t^lMMiyj and not 
t^^^Won"%haT18»'tb be^iht'i 

h«liM5*^shippe« feff In hriproved 

^ti^MiMancM t6 his distatit n^i 

»f*W¥erJE»iWt^; WWre he may live 
''^frctf^fri^rfrWl fe^HMwih. 
^^«' *flesi**«W^biif'fdeas ■Wftti re- 
^^^^IrfeM^tdWiittfeiStife^, 'i^d,' there- 
'•*' ftl^e; '^erAoasly to our entering 

"Ittlb^ffl^ flit|mbr^ too^atyour 
'ilritiSWss^i have *wom, we huve 

to ask ourselves whether your 
witnesses answer^ in thethnaliest 
degree/ to what we havte lAlways 
considered as th^tru^ ^ssi^ttioii 
ofavdtness. 'Without (Mkjif^ 
vioos inquiry, we should be lAis* 
led. Yfe should Ml into the 
notion, that we have here/ be* 
(ore us, witnesses of the usual 
stamp. Let us ask ourselres, 
wheth^/if our nefghbour were 
accused of a crime, no init,tter 
virhiLt, if his prosecutors' "were 
the most powerfhl ' perspils m 
theVorld; Ifth^yhad oounlhsa s 
hilltiod^ at theif'^ihmand ; and 
if they t^te to brinj^ against 
omr nd^ghbour Wifn^ss^^s thai 
nobody knew ; that nbne 6'f v» 
had overseen or heard 4()f; thai, 
were to be sieiit a^ay^as1kK>n as 
the trial vvas over^ never to be 
seiBii more by us oV any body in . 
(he country: I a^ any man 
whetherbe upon hk wUh, would 
find his neighbour gruilty U]^ 
evidence c6min^ frotk the itfoutbs 
of shchVitkiesses^ how^vcfr posi- 
tive theirswearing*; ahdItbWeVer 
ironsistent thi^ir story 7 I, ^^my 
orWn part, shouldiook oponihy- 
seK as the «ios<f wictM of vil- 
lains, in were, upon such evi- 
dence, to- ffnd'my iDnghbbur 

I should nov^ MlbW you, 
point hy point, in your endea-* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




rdKrs Iq make oat ihte truth, 

QOttiet jEHit of j}9i|^ bandr mqisji 
bto^r-^tliim. ti^ji^ woof liklft 

g39ill|^>Ulto 4QtftiL bll(^> bjuJuVA 
wiill^nflt:jfetfcuJlc|Q.D0t ^|»b W 

9bprt ^.dpii^ ijmdce: U^ pu^ 

€^i|j4ftl \H(km be: #tollv SJ^wfi 

be#a pf^:eM$^4o j]^,.4if));^ 
vol! baiL bfiAA f6fiJiraijieGl Im^bi 

ftH |b# »9|:moi|s difta(lvfuat^g« 
1«b*ob jmbJpt§i»d§d,to l|^q^ 
li|»«^ bet J^JA^.tbe Q^ee^.ft 

h^,»W€^y^tM it^ ^\^e".^ 

sp^Gb«aH)| ib^ M4#it9f^3f Abf^ 
the r«poi4 crf^.So<i^t,jp<Ha- 
mit^; tb«t 4he Bj^ pfv P#jp3 

worthy feljo.w^abourer's ^o^^^i^r 
iafi^.sp^e^^.lh^ the t^wwi^g^ 
of J)l«J9|2f:bH .jP«krbaK)av jbaot^ 

. >t - 
the C^UDt^as .Columbier^ and' 

iw^aipnQgir ,^ilhftn(bjgb i^nmH- 

ractef, that b^9nfaMirM«4Wlt^ 
ce«^ tfai|t b(9ir JuikW Mll«Mi<^ 
inapt j»ftda<|tf Hf fi^ t f jgl ft t biiM 

t|U,«I^^K #bWA bfk« f » ¥ W fcW r 

>be fife 9f JiHip.i^) ,rtpkj7ibfe»f ^ 
Sopt^b^r ;^ jt ffi^ w^m^HHlk^' 
tbat ail Ibis worlC| ifaii^N^.||^« 

Uoiiiff,jij:tb.;vftrw tW-iH*?!**! 

^b«^.^aRt^»»,b«« JliiHk^jiU -I 
9tmjm^ >¥»«? §rtt t#. Wit iiAiiir . :> 
l%f Iff %!«»]fi«r iBtaf., jjftiimf i<; 

immediatfljLttq^ J(5^.i^^^5^l^^^ 
Wi«^ of 4bi|Jj ei « ii# iW 9j| ,ftf. 

Covt^apt %,3n#oh #mM^«M^ 
not have bf»69B^nM|i^.#iH{fi^.t 

I J>baUn<34>' as. Lf^idj^^^ ^,^£ 
tempt t^ afHily?^ tbe.^^ip»#. ifi 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


September 16, 1/^-20. 


TiUiriUlt 'fttl^mpt tb'cjdsci^c'niiUee arid the AUprnc^;^Gene* 
thi^ltihKiters et tlie witnesses i ral hadf asserted! In btibrlj tW 
itt liie 'toiifan^r'lQ ^vhl^irtlieyitheVe woijU h*^ iw^muf^s. m 
i d t Mrfa » t6 be 4fds(»>}beJ, and Will ! abundaiK^, no man vt iofisa 
beV?es<fribed'by!VIr.»HorGHAM. ever doubtLd. But^ as lo ^ 
1 Altiltoateni myself Avith re- (belief of the swearings; as t^ 
m^lmg gsDeralty cm fliede-i tlie-crerfil to be given to what 
•^ree of credit which oug-ht to'shoiildbesworii: tkatwafitjulte 
be' ^«6A to Swearings such as 
tliose whi<fli y4»a hare produced ; 
aii4i0^ with remarking^ on some 
iafdhi WKdfit pidrts of your very 
fi^lbrtliongh very insidious, 
nMf, I'lrfay say, hypocriti^l 

Ho ItNTR; who Gonteniptated 
t\W9Xr&tigtb of the motives or 
lhef>6Werand influence of the 
fiattiek 16 the prosecution ; no 
umli thai tooik these into view 
eotoM'^Mdbly doubt joF a sufB- 
ekMey of stviaHng^; Neither, 
if M'eofikidered thei len^ of 
lime that had'been employed in 
pre^liring and airranglngp the 
maiMfals, the jmifoense sums of 
iBoiMBy expehded by the Milan 
•Cdtttaissioniers, the' string: mo- 
lii^by wfcteh thos6 -feofnmis- 
4i6hen hadl^ti irfdueed to un- 
d^ttike iW tmk ot collectin<>^ 
the sweiitef^ : no mat> who kept 
lh'3*^'fcitttimstahces In his eye, 
jttMd^ enteftaih the smallest 
4(mbii of yaui: J»pii« ready to 
pcoduee oaihs m support Of. all 
that thfi 3iHt the Secret Com- 

another matter ; and I believe 
that every just person m tW 
king-dom was prepared, bcfdre 
hand^ not to give credit ; mit to 
give the smaflest dejree of 
credit to an^ particle 6^ whatyoii 
might e^ evideoce, unless it 
came from, or was corroWated 
by, tesiimciny other than that 
coUecled by the Milan Commis* 
aion. I'his I take upoii m^ 
to assert was tlie firm grronind 
upon, which every English iiiiui 
resteid.' It was the ground which 
reason pointed out, too ; for^ 
before we eanie to discuss the 
question of the credibility of 
the witnesses, there cam|^ to be 
discussed 1>y us, the question of 
Conspiraeif or no Conspiracy, 
This you seem wholly to have 
overlooked. If you had bent ii 
little of yoiir'attention this way ; 
and had endeavoured to show 
that the general opinion as to a 
coDSfSlraey, Ivas unfoonded, you 
^v9uld have rendenBd your enr* 
ployers much ^greater service 
than you tendered them by 
^ c 

Digitized by CjOOQIC ' 


To THEl SoLlOlTOiR-'GlCfdMt'^t'* 


^nii»/i9r ^rt^cl^y^#wlf^ftvo«^^ 
M ^^ W^i^ \^^. pubUe in^ t«i 
belief that, froi^ the, bottom (tf 
your kmrlj you vw^fthed her 
Ma^sty Ihc Queen to be i|cquit- 
loU, &nd to t^tae out white as 
snow after UireQ whole montbd 
apQi^i m emlcavoMrs to v^hVe 
her ajk black as tbeDevil himself. 
tJ|ia» the supfKisition that to 
preserv*] Ih^ mantis o^ the coun- 
Uy hui bv^cii th^ cafe of your 
toiploversv .upon the suppo* 
. ^jltion that the . digr&lty 9( the 
; ibfv) wn^ i^e happiness of the 
people^ aod.a^tjrict love <)C jus- 
tice; upon the supposition, that 
,.the3e baVie i i^en ^tbeir, 4>bjects, 
, their actions ha,ve all. beep .un-*. 
.,]»atni!%l and' preposterous from 
^ \ th« Jbeg'imijng t^ the etid» -r^Jpon 
^ ib^ ; supppsitian tliat they had 
.yjthies^ objects in view ^nci had 
tP^t^'hpen misled by sii^ister 
<srW9r)pug^ o( any kind, nothing 
^..^G^obt^anare a|>surd .and mon-" 
s, ^r9^i .t^% their, proceedings; 
> .^ potj^iag ^0 fooXj^h^, nothing so 
."}\%^^y,^ d^fijat jthe en4» they 
,)i^ view. But, po the ff^u* 
, ^/trwHTnif weftuppfse 91 conspiwcy 
, 5K4Q*ltv»«}^i?!tod, t|>pp ihq, ^i^ijd-^ 

chini incog, in (i <Kiig^kiiwb;j oaii 
these explain ilJ^ieiuaDlW/ at 
once; every i> things as ^natiail/ 
every tilings joQBs|alcf)t^y ti4Ai^ 
and ia^reguUr ocderi of Jttt- 
cession. • . • .^ . .^ nli 
. Therefomyyoo.oughit^^basre 
endeavoured, as a^[ifelude;4o 
your other efforiftf to remove 
this, impresaion abouia iH^napi* 
racy from our minds « !Chif ongiit 
to have been amongsliyDUDive-* 
mises ; . but you leave. 4biatoml^«- 
rial qucstion^behind ;. jumpiiato 
the middio of jour cuse, wfaich 
you chuse ip regupd ,«s an oidi* 
nary case, and. take your iKit* 
Besses^ one by ooei justaaif^jr 
had bc^pn di{^Qovered<byio^df^ry 
mean6ff,*andjiad heen fUEfuobteed 
.but |i^day':or t\piro befi)re^iwlfad 
of their having been honied' up 
by.spyiag conimis8ionort,«atian 
.enoirmous expeuce, and Miing 
been, brii^ing <innU> a<ji^i4q of 
maturity for thet spacer ^'^Irwo 
years* Mr. BaoKi^HAif iooagra- 
tulaled you upM^yout moM^iy 
of the knowledge bfiithawdilw; 
but, reayy, y*ii ate iM «^ be 
oongr^tulatedi ufbe^76«f iki;^w^ 

<- iti^ e%t. t^ spiels, »uifiag#r»' jfo^iliedge ofifaK^ j^ublh: dfMffiolif lor 

'^^ 4ttriiti^^, ' httHferfe' attef'*'<!iiB* m'tKaf option a conspiracy: was 


s turned off servants, bf- 

'•*' I 

the foiuidaJjioD^ .9/ tbjB,->^|}Qle; 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


• Sfiirrv^Miiea'lB;' imo. 


JA XhB/iendiUlity^ of /i^ ^vitnesB 

itet^iiMdiee^'itt a^^te of pro- 

^«0Mive» jpv^pirratioav and that 

,)nm iotuttlly be«a 4r the pay of 

the. party, on whose aide he ia 

"bfong*btfi^waid«.6Mr |k cpiiBlder- 

•v^t)i^fl6ii9()].of'tim« ; wbosei pay 

jfUkmJae vrtoppeil -At asy momeitt 

-jqprieimlimiedMfor aaytetigiti of 

iiignaf'ctMho^eaa to pttwhed by 

j«9iMdi9ite^ttBit»sttl'ifir aeoontry 

IbtB^kittMii rfrwn hi^ own r '^^9 

"icaD{ftivt))er >to punished,. at the 

il'iiter wilt and < pleasure of the 

tj^^ in mh^^ pay iic 41 v^, 

>.iby Wq^ di^vten oat of4hie :coun* 

f ittir)i«adari ^^A^eir i^^ty^ajt a 

vj i iw al n oQj^^y»aipg ; w^bo/ifaa«^ 

hjmbkKW*i^Milifag\ te . liHaove^ 

biiia^lxD'aais^ aad><f9Toed away/ 

<|iJOttsbotlipta>ajiviM)n, and tiii», 

tiHt^f.hyjtuAt^Wiike axecatieui of 

;;ii,ii4ricbiis uPiho^fmndB ol his eni' 

)o.^l^au; 4heicr0dibdsHtyof a wit* 

i>>d|e^ aorj«|aat^, p&cod 4a BQch 

-Gyfffaamtsp^M^ iiafe oa^ side/ 

^k4^oanihDtva«d^j gMat.)te|»p^l-^ 

, Y^QKteltheDilfabirMde ^jjihewe^ 

^d dibiiity of Aueli(a,i]AD06Sv)b0 hk' 

straw. Were I a inror bet 
tb^Kid^ and one of wy fel|ojw- 

in» swteviaur W^to tdiv«"«6 
more effect upon DQ^Iftafi^Ai^ 
wbistllagr of the i^ind. ^ ' '^* ' "^ 

It is said, that, pe^pfe ^m\A ' 
not swear to «o m^i% fMl^, 
ttolesct some ofttiem 'ir^e^ IrtHif ; 
that sueh thinirs Wo^ U^it^ 
have occurred 'tathem/ if wK^ty 
nn^ae. If^'say/thttt'Wnfnion* 
atr^8'ta^|)fy6^; that all tfieie 
^itnes^es* co61d thittk of i^lrKi 
iBAmnge thihg9, if none «rf * ffcVn* 
jytf = €i>€r happened'. Yod ' aAk 
how adch thii^ Wtild' li^4e 
eome into iMh*^ heads, if ibiy 
had no fbubdiMoDthi fact, i Tiis 
is a poot and eoatemptifolo wliy 
Of reasoning. Did 4t not oeear 
to yoa that thktgps migrMt^jjhft 
t7«a f^BpWn Header Attd^'Was 
UMre wt pkttty.flf «»ri^A>yfil)is 
dating^' th^ space-Q^ tWtryfel^? 
God forbid that ^e ^hovdd^^^ 
^rf^any.such thing ab i^s/^fod 
forbid thatf we' shottfif' f^M^fne 
that the O&atifesii^ <M>M1^ier 
liad any thingnM^trititb beVltead 
by '^ kMd '^e^tldtf^)^' that 
fOand her miti'^hd* ttraC o#%ted 
h&th MUtkfA >lf(^e ifr'£^- 
^nAdk'*, Ood'lfo^ji ''tfaj^-->^wa 
"ikottld suppose rttM'sb*^ iKrtdous 
and ^9lldffva.a:toly,ti«6 she in 
^he^' ^jttei: 4^be9,J[|^l]^l)f to 
t>e» should ha^TO undeqj^^e the 

Digitized by VjOOQiC ' 


To Tttft SOLK?rrOR*GENERAt. 


iteriD^HkelS :i]ios»^h»ithat her 
lodyftfaip MSHted in £a|^aiid; 
" aiid oceaBtoDaliy, nay firnqoent- 
ly,conde8^a4ed to he tour willi 
h'-t€te'd^4He that amiable g«n- 
ifonioterMr. Powell, Qoi ibr- 
bid thal.werabcNiId iongine tbat 
lbia..eDtiaMifaie- personaye, nvbo 
hMi} YftkUaa a joimial full ef 
jmk&iotidB proying the amiable 
charaeter and virtuous coiid«ot 
.ef ber MijA^ty. God fi>rbid that 
iv«sfa0uld.i«agioe that any part 
df'-the 6i^Bt^Mi months whiofa 
4hifi*K>vi9ly little Swi^ had sab- 
Iraoted ^tom tbe days of her in- 
nocent onjoynwafts JKtLaatanfle, 
coiM have been employod (n 
.-new. modelfin^' tfani journal,, 
wbieh Imd given so> mu^ de^-' 
hght tn'.thesonfimenla! Vtrdes 
idf thoseCantons. wbere thersmn 
fdieily of- tlie people is sd<4i 
that. one brother tells hk car^' 
base to figpht foj^ one soverelgti, 
9ria\it the other brotfttr sells his 
earease for ithe purpose of esr^^ 
jryiBg' tt ^ttn. to shoot at the 
f)iher.. Oh! ^lifbtflil sUnpK- 
pify r God rfoirbid that we fAionM; 
suppose that the Ooontess tn^d 
b«enJtadtpetod^th, or thatber; 
' nam^ had beeb ohaxigfed from 
De Mont: to tHe Comitess Co- 
toniibieDfrom any^ther aiotive 
tUan 'tba^'of >lieep^or ^^^ ^"^^ 
ip that state of naiveU, the^ma- 

nifest existence of ^tt«H* \^ftS 
so ^i^li cttt^Iateu 'w |JTOuiicb 
crowds of adntilreri Ho C&thh 
with half-conN^ieted ' lieart^ to 
sihake 'h«r by the hand. Odd 
fotbid, ^ce* more; I say,' 'that I 
should assort ^His woman to'1)b 
a %ribed, snborrted, peijurefl 
wretch. I assert no ^uch tbfii|g', 
I esn know ri6thing^of tbfe ittfef- 
ter. But tkii' I am notaiVkid tA 
asseH, that if I had thongftt'hfe^ 
to be sa^h> your speech wotftd 
dot have had the s^aHc^t ttffi- 
dency to remove- the imprtsfetitf A 
from my mind; .-*, > ♦ 

Yeti assume, that,'T)t^«i3e tM^'*' 
tbing^'trave been sioomto";' <»o- * 
t^tise they are nntn\sr(nuf ; ' Be- 
"eause/ in ^bboft, many thing^ 
have been sworA tb*, *«))w^* of 
them nivMhw^e happened: ^ f% 
not tfiis the most niisehtBtfr 
attempt at sophistry! It'is^'nbt 
sophistry. "It is not worAy off 
tbename. Admit this, and tlfe& 
-Aere t^n be no sucb thM^ iis 
iklse swearing* in the worid.' ff 
the inddents \it iramerbus 'and 
the witnesses many. AdniiTt u^it, 
and then every Bdan- may bfe 
hangfed that" cannot ^ove, by 
oral testimony, ihe begat^e' oY 
what is sworn' against him. Xc« 
cording- tb tWs accbuflt of ychbrS, 
Sosiinnairasgnifty." The jud^e 
oug'ht to have concluded, at 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


I^IPXie^e;r.16, 4a^., 


^f^n^^ IherfUenA ^^jee ]Xo 

h^ ))9%9|«ik tt?Tis>jVWW- W^ (<» m^t^ Jfo A^ u^ne98^ bo^ ;, 

W»»8^ *J»^ W^iWi •WWW: 

qafirH me ye\\, J say, f y.^T ^"^^ 
tof t.bjesp. circajnsM^cea was 4?lv^ 

^JW>«riF8W»SW«W ««^«t ai«ltW*^*>ry??* ^'^^ Mr. WetherolL 

incog, hi^ being brought. from. 

ha^.^<pp^lgpjpaqy |ban >ir© ev^r 
h^44jf, ^d^ pephapa^ Wt quite 
^^^f^ X^^^wwpii^y, U waa ; 
bi^t^^^ifd^ ta your fflo^e-gf 
Fea^Qi{^i» there x^veor couid bQ 
sufff^^Jt^g aa.a coospintoy iu 
the worUL. M^ben, j^nd^ed, you 
hai^fQ.^def?/>(lAYatson apdThU- 
ilejyy<^,fgiwpst, t^ a\vearing» 
of Q^tlc/^: wk&pi, wdeed«,yQU 
l»^,^a,|Jbiat m^orable ocn 
ca^jpi^,.^©. s^w.^)^, Mm^ry 

^J^ f^^^U ^,^^^ »^nhfbdng. 
^^IS^ fifP^'^S memorable' ^ 
ac^sip^y^ji^,iir^^ ^ctiifg tlje 
pacj ojl^ja .de|E^d^r, how yoij 
tore the |i;a,ffiaQ^\viV3«ss to pieces 
Kov^^af j^ joje : hi§ recent ra^s 

tei^, i^^J^r^Uentiy.wffhthe 
^W^A %^ ^"^^^^ -^^ -^ ' 

ian^bjwng of gr^at jmpqrtanceiii 
^the case; aod the sum total o/ 

ither'wi^jOtef^ was a^ inde$cfj()ab^e 
viilaifv ^*^9l*y jipwo.rihy^of. tti© » 
slightest credit.^, and the fesull> 
the qeai^H at yi^hich ev^ry; on^ ' 
rejoiced,. was^ ab a^^quiUaiofHhe^ 
Pri^qners! The ^evidence of 
CasMes was, hoTvevjer, . as to ^- 
vecaLpoinifi, and thds? eiseDtial/ 
points, too, corrbboraied by^ " 
other witnesses, and those, too, • 
credible witnesses ; yet, yaw in- 
sisted; and tlxe. juiy detfermiftc/i; 
nptvrithstanding Ibe.ebarge of ' 
th^ judg^ which pointed a con- 
trary way, that no manotigiht to 
be.ibiHid,{;^uiUy apon:evldence» 
wiiich. at ail rested upon th^* 
** inde^0ial?abl^Tinain,''*O»/ff«, » 

Come,, thej). Jet me ask you, 
what witness have you produced i 
fipon the preseijt occasion, who 

, >va5 pot r^cfintly. clothed in ia»rs, 
who, was not,! wljfiu prbduccd 
J?y yon, .4jf^*i iivclothes pur-* 
phased, by Uie. prosecutor^ who 
has nc^t ^been fjp€;qy8pt!y seen 
jyith theaj»^nts of .tbCiprosecii- 
Uof^/vvho has nc^ti-cjue under 
a false name, who mis iEU)t lonj 
^D . . .. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Men m the my of the prosecu- 

tbrtf wbo hits not beeBr Kept 

inco^/ i^lio wAt noi 1bh>6^t 

, ftdm a prison to Hie wftAes^ 

tioi f Vom know ^e\l thatall 

these dTCumstance* p|reebefy fit 

ihm present case { kti yei, so 

. mt »nft jf>u from cMJffn^ yotir 

priesent wittiesses ibd^seAba^le 

^ yiUaifts, that yoa bol^ th6itt forrtb 

^ as withesAef entitled USftiAl crif- 

dit, apd Call upon tlie ffoti^ 

^ to condemii the Qae^tji upon her 

, teitimony, tJkough uJicom>tK>- 

fated b^ that of witneflses of anj^ 

^^Dther descflptioii ; and; at iK^ 

^ Gooetuaion of a speech io \rhicb' 

^3 Oil do this, >ou hare the un* 

paralleled hypocrisy to put lip 

j^ fk solemn prayer for the acq^uittal 

61 the victim, whoiA yoti af^ 

pursuing with such deadly lilii- 

To hear you, one woqU sup-^ 

polie, m gobd eatiiest, thkt'evei^ 

foct Mwinn^ to, thoii^t itiie BeVit 

^^^iihself were to swelir it. mtist 

have, some foundation. To hear 

^ ^pn, one yoalit 8up|>ofie ihkt 

. Uiere was no si^ch things in the 

world as tiie hatching of a 

ebahre. The history dif t^ 

world abounds with ihstahce^ 

of such hatehinffs. Ks there' a 

maiK in Epgltod who does pot 

believe thai the charge a^^nst 

AxN OF BuLLEN was wholly 

Ttl tHE 80LIClT0R^€£^l^iif 


;d<isd1M» of iktS^i^ 't^e "^tf^ 

tnstdite dr fufi taldifmsfw 

tal3i^iw)i^ il^l^iiJV &ft -ii*^' 
def (• cbiril^tt i»^Miii«f^ 
Thi Idii^ wyMed: tHe lUiilV 
ifttitte. 11i«<tdei^;itt6)^;i(^ 
Wocdh^ the i^tm's AiM,*'1lttfi!iJt 
M5<! #HnJ$8^9 ^ sv^eaf/tb&t 
MboA Nad Mii^hbAtda'^od' 
then, v^biAd yoii hAtii tik ttip^ 
ptae, thai tbejr^ hiusi be soifte^ 
thith'ifi ihfe i^itetfiMMt ugwAnt 
<hfe Q^e^B. lUiefely beeau)^ il 
his bbeti sbj^j^fibd by swdfr-* 

cfaar^ a^^i&it Nabdtti Vyei 1^4<i 
both was i»nVicied,oiyfa(i^ttfiM(; 
^ndptftto deatSr ' ' 

Inde^; you tnky sa^; fBit^*i^ 
Kte ill to' Hg^ 6f dttcd^o;!! 
purity; that fttl^ ivif^l(|^ tre 
hot now to be fiEpbnti \S f&f 
ikrt df tfife woirld ; i^.liuH^V^ 
to AidtK te p6^tf, *llfey*'^ 
inown, eVet iln(4 ffi^pl^ctal 
tioh of tW ttttiti'4n'&ir l^itfdd&; 
ib be aWo 'c^ilt^ th^ fb^ 
sembFing bl^vy i)bk e^p. 
tibn/ib Ifi^ WstiSOst^li <te|f^^ 
t^at tnetr eonstt^ene(^'*l^^so 
dear t^t tti^ wii1i^Vs'%'f«>1fe 
i-nto 4eir ^i^y 'b^'i»iJUt'% 

oue.of tbehi in JP^ti&IIai^ 'is 
crerlastitog^iy maUiliCf kpp«^s to ; 

Digitized by 



j<WfjpeJt,iifl4,^!?V^?^^^^ ns have 

:«ifb^ni«, l*herefare, ootwUh- 

jua^.^ Qablic men of. tfie prescpt^ 

f" J>>^»^r^»otto^bSVer^^ 
1 1^ hi^tch a coDspiraay is ab-, 
solQiely impossiUe ; .that to hir^ 
^(^ 3iyjoarei^ is ^ ^^jag oat d^ 
^jiiooBip^asofbelief; and titers-; 

wikft koowo to Hirrft tat^^ii placQ 
foiirl^ii years itg«^ maV^^im^^ 
'uow have takrii pWi»\ijaft* '^ 

In ISue wai ttrWcTftoVSf^- ' 
ifpiractf against' ""the" Qtie^^ 
^^as there uot i' c^n^nrary 
a#,faujst hdr aV'Oiai tinic' tPlful 
shDiilif have ioofttciirtric t)M/^* 
I»s's and others to como iV^rw.if d 
and perjure ttiemsehc^ I l*ray 
let me put this ^neUt'dii ^tiomo 
to;joti ^''roVweddgTbaVl^u^lil^ 
to her MajesH ir%;^iPptiritp 
this proceeding '^IJftihi " that, 
'What/tliiinlf^ay, Mn!^^h^e 
inclucod the fJoiglai^Sin^dTolh^fs 
to e4>me '(br^tarij aii<( jjcf^ufe 

Jffr^f^yre^V^ <i^po«ed.!iot to be- thcmselvci m^Vidci*ca iWey^av© 
>»9,wJwiy P^^rt- oi the facts aeainst mr MnUsiv f^' ^tVer 

nietj^ beca«^ they have been* 
^,^ :^]Litwliy;a}jould we travel tnx 

J^l^ WjfO &Wi^^i^fs before, ci^»i| 

^Cfii^' Jta 5}!^^ doe- 

tv Biit v^e )ui^w that i^\w 
. \^©,*^^DQW tlj^it perjured 
caiues.werQ brought ag'atnti 

wcjmve,lhe proof of:^in 

against her ' Mtijds 
coiiid ool'fibpe'to sttpfilanf'HcLr 
!Slajc«ty: t*hey niw^lfi aib Veil 
ttidwn, that, at life veify leist, 
they 'i^otild exposi? thorifis^lVea 
to great public hatred oH' ae- 
count of their peVffd;^ to their 
bencractrcftk They hrtist hato 
seen that theV shoi^ld place 
themselves in greit dan^^rl *artd 
yet tbey eanie fctward to' j^er- 
jure them&elvefi. ' Clearty ^tbfru^ 
they nmst have been prcriiihri 
upon to do this fey mm^ poWer* 
fid motive, by svome J^t-Vnifscs 
of g:reat reward; and" "here, 
then, is the proof of cbiiSplrarA 

.the .known to the, unknown, Tlievprofe*!^ tbeniiefvesi, as Wu 
"Wte ^eoqcludp , that thait wliicihl now prbfuj&ii \ourHU. and iis ihe 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



j*^\ **y *<; 

«t})i^^,iyill ^.prpfij^s Hiemsejv^, 

it^*>Hlna ^^^^c^fltp^^ -ardent 

;i| iJijj^Bpe ajad vden^.Ioye in- 
.^nqdi ^lf^J)ounp^a<^ to-perjive 
^tlffilWWlx^f > llW6j .»rHy njay 
,jiK)i,,fl¥4, ^sai^e. love of gub)ii& 
^u^.^vft^produc^d.^Uar ef- 

ftKfif^tlH^^^'^y pp5sxbljf )»e 
f}]^.lifi||,wV40f,, people in, the 

' ^^t^ffp^^ib^ some trijtb ip ,the 
.yjKjtfifeineoC beo^osej ^Uiejr ha^e 
^vari>,4Q 4t, i8.n<^^ worth ^usb. 
:fi,.>Mf|pGchiH pr .^tanccu may 
(Sio^ibly h^;<n^B .of'.the mfj^t 
t wwtfcj:.., wiep alivfj, ., ^le.,may 
j4Miffp^fj«,ikeiuatted .Ipr .nothix^er 
• t^ut,^ dioakii^e^ d^ire to 
^ ji)9qQio^,fbe.p^eryaUon of the 
, if^)n^Qf Ji^pgUfffL Tills desire 
itDlpiy^^uvT* ,pro4a/ced ./his. trip 

|j» minutely so jnahy thiogps'that 
so ^tnany other persons would 
hay^ forgotten'; and it may have 
mad^ hi^ forg-et so manv things 
that alindst any other person 
would har^ remembered. I wia 
not say that it pmrj have leci'lHm 
to Carlton Itouse, tor, realiy, 
when we ffnd' hfm there, what 
oth^r inducement could He have 
,had than tha^ of an humble en* 
deavour to preserye onstfllicd 
the honour of the British Crp^n 
and the morals of the British 
nation! . ^ . , 

Yqu are pleased to skip oyer 
this important fact, or rather to 
epdeavQur to slide by it with ao 
undervaluing sneer. " Where 
is that palace," says Shak* 
SPEARE^ " intpwhich foul things 
will not sometimes cre^p.'^ 
There were here, it seems, two* 
things tliat crept into the p^ace. 
There was Mr. Powell as weli^s 
JVf r. Majocchi ! Pray let us mark 
the tiine, . Thq late King wa9 

^ l^pk, agai^, io . ViiejMia ;, 4t may 
Tfl)i^)ip,Jiirowbt ^Wi acquainted 
;a)lRitbf.tbf& JMfVsy 0? Pasti^is. 
. ,|(i$^f9»'.8 brother ; it ro,ay have 

J^jP^aorM, him . to. Bnglapd* after 
4 tiiArQ?iNGurenc^s wUhBrpwn^. it^ 
ofwy Ivi*? Jwl him , .Uj ,h^ . sb^' 

may baya m ide him remember 

4jf9n|.yJ|^ IVliJan ; hjs^trip just dead, Majocchi and Powell 

meet a^ Carlton House, 'ttal 
they should meet one another, 
and that frequently^ too. Was, 
Qonsidering Jheir relationships, 
not at all surprising. 6ut,whjr 
should they meet mi th^ 4^f > 
Palojce)^ That is tibe qiK^tRHi 
ff\\\(A\ the public Want AntWer- 
cd. Powell and Majcfcchfj^^tNr 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 


SkpTEMBER 16, V690. 

^opimanioos and 
cspqH'fiave itte{ at'Mr. l>owelI*Si 
tbey, could Have ibc^t at the 
CMin&ss Colombier's ^ they 
cooia ha vet ''Siet* aiy ilriiere; 
WLy^ifienUicI tJ^ey t^eet at Hii 
kiiiff'«"lPala«j1 "There %m 
haye peen «pfne oihtrj^ersen for 
ihem to see there 1 Why coatd 
not thai person go to Mr. i*ow- 
eM's chambers f ^Vhat person 
coald it he ihat they coulci '])re- 
Vail upon to meet them' ti6 
where bat in thaf one iHace^ 
^Slight, therefore, as'you T^ere 
pleased to consider tliis ctVciiii^- 
stance, it ' is' a circumstance 
iprhich, with the .Rubric, 'fife 
weighed heavier afi^aiast ifire 
.prosecutors,' than the swearing 
of' att your witnesses Uofaihst 
he^ M^esty, the. ,^een. 
,. L^^it^berecol^ected, thai the 
Ce^ relating' to this memorable 


will not swear that be did not 

lll^bff Incog. lii^Uh^lattd, *Afeeli> 
in^WtVEtL tt ^'lan^s^P*!/ 

ji^t, were drawn 




j(iccbj, during^ a crosa-eiamlna- 
,tioii, BUgg^sti^ by persons who 
h^ Icnown Mtybe^i atthe time 
j[>f the visit, anii inrh^^ had' given 
to the (Queen's kdviseYs Infer- 
mation^with regard to thi(t,visrt.. 
Svh<^D<^ JAaJdcehi cafal^ 6uf (jf 
CacltoB House/ W ^cbii^esses 
that he shoWed'^his' cbmpanion 
Mghiu |;umeas« ar sovdrelgrti,, 
aiii^be foi'g^ts whe<he^' h&' (hfl, 
oi dii 4i7^oW6)m IndW. '^He 

li^ce^* M 'toW%-fet4t**Ptll8# 

gold r AndT %htt<«lb)$i4lfi kf 

What does 'He^sa^ttti<^rWa* 
gl v«i^m'POl(^ ■ 'Whjr;> t**tar 
his ei^erfcfei io'f^ienhet. f*w«ity 
t^diihda '^utd'-UaV© ^itt4if**% 
pfe^t^'fe/'H)Wi9tf?pOfe ^dtolA» 
wifl*rf6t% tlftlt^^fe «^^6t 
douiit ^IMr Bn\'i^\(^4k»mA^ 
jocchr ta "Vkfnte^^lMte^.^hy 
sen(i hWi; to'o,'Just'«*^di'ial* 
that h^ir mj^y*^Wi#^bMMM(J 
Qu^n r;''ttcr ifat^'gbB^^ltti 
aispafch^s^ '-id'^^Lbffli «»«Mf«<ffe 
SVhat !"wef^ theHf' fitt J^i^lM^ 
or rbgdlar Kf n^PS^eMifg^i^sHo 
cari^'; tfeise "a^**?«l Whtt 
wbrd air tfi«8e'^«libi^/'tH«rtf%WI 
e^ to^kHm^^ir^AfittbaifirttM^ 
th<6 'A'fistrthif CcAm <!^^#<»WIM 

t^t(^^'W the^i^fiiraisttddr^ 

pBiUiTv&^ Ife preflffiMI wMWM^IM' 

v*^i' ■ <.a.!iw; 

J 'fc.'!. •» YI-<<* 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

ifWiiWiif iil|*a ft^ypocft , of J|ie, 

§s)[jti«^ar^i^l maa luirj^ as to 
^|e ^fsrj e^^i .of t he v WU , hud ai it^ 

h4tiw#e^ llajoeehi , Po^t bij l ^a4 

pi4'Uj(t|io to IhewiUie^'ises witb 
9^^ ^ Ij^^ fi^U thai they hs4 
^W9^ y^» f^t fSfJtf^f thi^m what 
j&^f^tif^ih^ had rfcfiv*^; whal 
aa^f^j tl^^v iiad biM^ii i>foipUed|; 

Aful^-^fe mi 4h^e the propfr 
tpfm^.i T^'hat w^ the iise ot 

^fj^mt f«ets that they had sworn 

}|if #fMif:ja.^ Jtwo years ? lie 
tf w tiot aiicb i\j|^jil£toii is tp 

, fi#fw«if4 in iiifj^ ai way^ and eK^ 
$iinp$^n M^ ^^tt* "*^V .^^'"P^^f.^^* 

^^-^ K 




ft^w,, thul ^ wbble gotm of 
iidE^it lawyers bad beet] atmrk 
w tljw affajf for a g-Tcat Te||rai 
of time ; wkI iu>w wl« fie to 
iiopc to catch £udi wttAej»&ea 
tn(if)ii';f l^a the marn facts 
broug-ht out in -ri^gulur iun el- 
ision, by Oiose who had look&d 
the witnesses in the faee, and 
put the same ^estiong^ lo them 
&Q ma^y lifues f To eet frQ|a 
tbem tfie amouni of tneir p£t^» 
wm of the g^r^ateatiimportance. 

W:^ it not of U^ to aiCt E-lihi, 

that U^o male of a le^sei re- 
ceived more per month, bcji^ 
board, a^id, lotWin^. ' tl^^u the 
amount 4)f the hir& •( the leMiel 
in w;luct Ije,ba4,s0ri^ect taere* 
thjer with tjie nfre ef J^aetf 
and Captain and twenty-lwa 
."iORUieii, Including-, bcsiaes, il© 
provision^ ©f tie ere- w I >^ it 
not of imporltuice u> n^rL-rtaju 
that this man and Ins tapUiti 
W£J^ -recei vi ng rn o rt' j. »^t ru o n t h 
flhanihp Wt^^S '-*f n/y hunflrtd 
md^jftjf Britiith uaitd^rs \\^^ 
not ihj* of ^r*;at ' imiH>i Unci; I 
Ve«f or else wliy diJ youTtty io 
much stress upon Uie i ale re 

ecrritr;t-iicf c|oathinff . and food vv 

z^m M Wan <^n<^tjftDe4^j Jftl^^^ Wi^ |»ei<i 

iijcty * timti. Mr.iiKOUQHAii 


C|i»tles ^ ackno wledfe'ed W' baye 

jgjeei^e^4 ^rpm ihe^overamebl, 

lOfO^, ai a 

Thi:! tie wood I 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 

fȣuMC6da^ parti 

m ^yy Ww : W *b« prosectt- 

^f^w^d irere fo repejve ftO" 

ibe .^U^r .vray. ,\tfi Wi^re .oo>y 
,io ^^«^afI^^Jto;^wfUQW the Ikct, 

asFTBMliAS U^ l$%i>. 

j^ioi^e fOfle 'c|r(?ia)tare4, to ^qq^ei^ 

^Ifctni^ oiit of tHuai0AGe| 

j||^ jif9(?c ,1^1!^ by J^^Quee'i^^^ Noir, in *fi0 tot 

:.„•_: ^-._^.. t_..-_ ._*!._. "^ - p^ace, ;a piwn^ wotpj^ri; wHq 

^J^^4i|^;:ib^..fact, ^hal she b^ 

^ff^jQ^d eotae to, %{la^ j deUiipd ^y ' y<rtrt iMHKMieB^ 

jpU^, jiimh t«^d^ jpiT'li^T* 
tl^^y jVtoaiftiTe, <vWIi^i|tr ill 

4f^jiqf ^(cjT. jj(^ Jibe jbriU^se'^^^ 

modesty and mcwt Tixiupua crea-> 

^afdrp^cd tlie aiihc of De 
SIpi^T, tbp chumbemiJLtd, mnd 

takea ihat of Cou^tEi* i*fe OA* 
{.oidmiER, and who liv^ ta tDe 
style* of a Countess, loo; we*«ro ' 
to be^wad^ to believe th^ievmi 
this pre'ciQiui caTOruodity'iMp^rtT 
ed» ftbroiMlh ihe a^€fncj of tlio 
Comiwsibn at Mileoi^ had re^ 
ceived DO reward, wat tore* 

filled lie*' ilcjptinds apd rc*teipiji 
sit^pl^ to Ihe iindttitt of h^%^ 

bi^l^R, fbat a^mifbble ,attd oqive*^ teward, and had two-, 

Vtf FrUbr^ti^t, .^jCre(iii^^ vi'i^ 

Jit%d ^yi^ie Jgexkile Stanini^ri 

jj^^w4i.t '^ jre twe iWrW to. b# us l^lfeve thii; jiiitf/ Jftdded 

ki^^'iu^iutrc^ ihAt t>iU Ha»» iin/t r^^e .pdaUive^ vu^ofe it; ' aUd 

ii[bii;b;tw0ariii^, I b^liete te be 
pf.prec^ej^ilie same Valtie a« 
ailH^^e.reat of ber sfteaiibg^, 
•Wejod jtfiM all the principal 

Digitized by.CjOOQlC 

• t}pi^;'^' tn ^ifi ^ifie 'tti^e lif a 

*y8Y to-titfi ^OLicrtrtm-G^NERAi, ^J8 

rtlits IWf ^ a"c^chnm(ssJofA to^Wbtk! ciifmstande* Qf^ftingT'^***^**'* 

Irltiti' (hat '^li^lfiy 4(fe^«b|«rt- 

these, tife farfiijt^' off ted^Hbe 
^tiarrels atfobt wbitfey; ^fe'^tjoite 
sufficient lo Ihi'ow" iiitrch ^wufre 
than sus^cibn on' evfeijr partftil^ 
oflihe evidence <A%}mi*i^^rvd^. 
• TieWifl^; then, -aS ra^nhesfe 
\^itn&ses*to be ai tfttle' '^cMlfty 
of credit fii eastlef'-^i, jkrir 
can you tmve tbe*tOMBen<i«r**> 
^hj^po^e that w*£ aib ib ^it.6 
credit to their ^vidttnete. Ho 
^as aiTf iMesci1bab]6 Fi1liUn'/y^ 
said ; and iipon -^hat "dldf-^fUft^ 
g^rouhd y(jaf assertioiiy^ 'NWi^, 
that 'lie K^d 'ff^eti^ ^rt^fly 
clORthcfd In YagfeV'^*^t**e-iif- 
peared befbrtthejtarjr'ilila^bifltt 
sort of cliJthes, th«t**h^Wki 
beeb frequentljr geett'SBbtrtlt^ 
theag^entd ofthe^feainrfyi ftat 
•h^ had gone undlM^atsiMfc'tet^, 
thai 'he Irttd bfeen *' iM^Jn^^tt^ttg'. 
anii ^hiit he had ' beerf «rdt^t 
h^onf a prison td^^h^ iMtiMto 
t>o*. • l^poD thei©-<!a«i;>-^^ttid 
nfionthfe {0ditiBI\^V«n6 -tb&t Me 
liad bein tbe'!iiVnrf<^WVt^- 

as BkiiQW) liiii ^Sfended f '^d^ 
Hhll^; ^ indi tiki feiitlost ' ' iWl^ 
*^fftii^ i)^' th^ ttsf m^fVerAeifit 

ti>vi^^'^s]t)5r&*cy^hoLt lidfc eviw 
"V^a-hfeirfd^f ag^^tn^hi^tt: Hei'e 
*#e fiA\i, tii^n; tbtit SIUjbctJlH'htfd 
'fiectt tfened^otrf (!fiaVD6 W6n\ 

Mall bi^Bf^ttn'ned^off ; that' Sac-j 
'««AV^ fte^int^rted^^dflr; t*)at 

We' '^bok teid bcenHurh^Jiafr; 
*^^ ip^ find al^; that tfc^ mas* 
vier «f the "polfkcife itad' had- a 
•iMJarre^ wUh ^er^arai*/ on ac* 
'cbiint of the' latter h&ving: ret 
•fcs^&'to OoWply^lf^ith his pecn- 

niafy' ^eAlf^nd^t ' >F% theae 
H^ojftd MHjrb tuttied ofr ^Vha^ 
^tffithfcli* conduct dhtrwhatVas 
^iWiV*i^fevacte^, \v^'hite*^ct 'to 
TfeaVuf^da prettjr^ccoudt w« 
'stiall baV!^ i>t ftidnr/ldftre say^ 
'^{itl \*itiimtt *knt<c^atin^*ihis, 
^1 say 'tfi^t iftls'. tu^Hing off; ttl- 
*\\*^ys, ob^rvd; throogir ttre in- 
*'8trui|ieiita^ty' "i^y* fiifrpataS, And 
^Wis 4uarfer^'ittUt*mney te. 

iweVn iitg^i and tife*tfiph!i> 

*c{r6ums'(4nVes aloneV'^^^fl "WUti' 
our incfuding ail the othfer '6(r- 

"^cumstarices relating* to rewards 
and pionn&i^fii; 'v^iftioul'fhe irfS- 

of the poWre t 'l t«y 'tH^tteSe HJrtrt ;'»*p6ti tttei?tt<JW:^*dlJ*^ 

hicl6SC«b'a»!fe 'Tilhtii'/''aild-*«*t 
no iJriMon cf/^M taWWittti 
gnilty-iipoh liisWridfente/«Wta^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


{S^EfTsif n^ft 1^, l^Sp. ' 


W bieifieve/ "^ iHat, ' unless the 
Qiie«tt cp^ ^iatigctiy prove, th€ 
lMg4/tre of tfo6 sweaiiiigs of all 
thbs^J^^trr.withesseay we oitghi 
J(^^i|(jn^i^9eii^r guilty l' §u^h 
a^mottttraiHS' Uiiii; 
fttiy^thitfg KO'iiiifair and Im^iT- 
d^0t^ nevWbefore foiUncl its 
m9^ fconifJt;^ Jipa;«v^ of ft 
€y<Kwit«\vjnMv'»- "i '•*• ■' 

' ^avinfi^'^thi^g bcrt inth wit- 
j|^sw?ft«tot produce i§ the itropg;- 
€St )[}voaf ur the iitporld that your 
^tki Was pot cfiAyhbd, bitt that 
jfifia knewatj^o^jj^ jb^. ioii]p 
.trorli^ fejkn«}lab0orer look oe- 
^iofii t6 mentton the names* of 
.i^ral £jigl)^ gen.Ueme/i aiid 
4ft(iKe# who ^ere ^bopt the per- 
^Mi; wad actually lififtg' under 
the same r9of with the Princess 
jppvip laa4, ^Lii4,som<q of wl^ra 
fib»tii)>aiiij»i' *iheT* even Ia . the 
tm^i t^olacreJ 4 a^eH it to 
j|lj^^l»«po^ibr^ tot the f^cts,\ re- 
dated ^.thesa.witnefieot ^Cjumuts 
-fo hiEvvi^;Mtakeri{fiace> without 
lU*%? ^^em^h^/W ** ladies 

^Tifoh^mHj stff ^ thatJthe; amoviMa 
:a?rerJSf».m}gh4l i8l>e .gpipgr^. <*»^ 
/^Hpgn 'U«4 '^nd il^ Epglisft, gqn- 
^ttei»^ apdr ladiea J^tev^i , eirte 

hear M them. •^Hiotrnnfy say, 

Ihat'thdie aitioiroiytfj^^ on 
jp^jgfit. b^ve beeo oh^fj^^ i^j[ 
th^ •master and Aiate-tiD^.il^ 
Polacre; and they nii^ht Vnidlly 
esjQ^e-thp knowledg-^i nf yi^f 
reach eiliber eyet* ori ihh emB,^4^ 
either '^fOii^ two finglbh^fl^ 
iflep, wha yrc^i^e^ pennej^ug in 
]bh^s«a^PoUvcYe^ 4liog(4nii|(iMiy 

tirown ma3{ ptVo^u^ rjttoasipth£l 
.m)iV^s to wciar.i45ii^M^i.i?fh^ 
yofa ' hate' so *mM 4aid Ibey^'lftM 
S(i '^'^6[n, hof ojjV;tty0. wbMkh 
PC jcbikci, ,)y:iU . .lie^y^^f h?r , i)^ 
aayiag**or)the swe«niif:.r . ■ < i , 
' Nd^and jOjre 4tiAgitt6ti,lhe bi^- 
.V^r^lqjjestijjn i^«^Aj|[^ ffkl^V 

Kkh geiUlemen thr ^ladim t AM, 
the universal answer, io \*his 
.qiieiiicia ifk, tkty dare i^i, do H! * 
■ Yotuisk, with simpUeity eBeug^h , 
wJijfyoJhey not' piyd^4 the 

What ; they ii«iU doi{ (Hlt'^fal 
know, that th& Be^iid'sror;h 
leas)^/Berg;ami himselfi c|)uld ^no t 
be p.Qs4bly brought Af » mh 
ness for the Qoeen> seeing* that 
he is fk fCLTt^ ac<msedj feat tj;is 
,ij Ww* too^ tiiat" you tjiigkt 
>IUvBibnm$i^ htntf and that he 
'♦jfduld Tfa^ hfeen a very gfood 
/^tjpess'^ fof yp^, provideid that 
^e -oouki have beeo prevailed 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


Tq .ism 9»Mi§9»m4^^^^^f 


tie^ JUpifitti. i4iift, th? j^t /CJa4f 

nod \M\tm, w<9JiT(l« of il^cifi Imr^ 
dw-Atmy^^. >|mr «fttise, ^voji. if 

Utei^f elf mikUioce^ att^uiiilg your ! 
oirn ^-itiK^isei had ftot*i^slroy- 
«cJ iti ll t* itnpO!f»i^li^ tQ Etp-i 
.cflU^ tilt* uoi Q^iii'mg pf ili^.tte 
¥rit[i€!H»ep to aov olher ihan 
one caiifie ; Htiii that i«, Lhe cer- 

^weari»gs of the^entlemcn ajkI 
ladies from Cotlofl Garden. 

Vou Ventui^iJ to eftU ouly tw6; 
twiilfi€»fieft ot'.ajcluir^t^f diJTer- 
^,erit fioiiLibe^c of your Itajj^p^,! 
and VQtirSwi»i«Cotiiitess; rt^m^- 

The latter sworit tbat Im^ kiicni' 
.iifiia iniprpfiricty. o( eoii duel on 
llie pair! of the Friiicses^, now; 
'^neeo, wid the MwearJiiir of tlie 
"foriB^r ^bitted the a.'^sertiDii oi* 
,|lhe Altarn<;jy»Cian^ral wkh re- 
^gmrd lo iH^r MaJfMy's comiitct' 
^'when »lio went on boiiihd the 
'€it*rind^, Ttie Atiornev-Oeue- 
ffal msffi^rtedi th«t her c«Nidiict 
, W£ia4a:nie :. that f^he |>ii| ifp.wiMi 
an ^H^iilt ftom tliii PpehelL — 
This a &Ue/ She rescjUed iha 
t instil t by no4 sitfreri|i;ir Ft«Ji«^^il 
4(11 &ii ai'^Uii' Kftme %ltle with 
, )m$f and In f*?fuMn*r to 3*ec him 
-wlieu bemad« a r^t/ittf^i to that 
felftfet Ih' Uapiain Bfi«?^s. fe 
I rhrlt i IcLiher wa.^, M/itlm t J^HHS 
^iit1t>nii] 11 mhff t*) : t^e J % |^(fl 
^i#arn ; hiii ut|r4v^'wii«iKpqt^ivfTf- 
; GenemJ^nf C2^f?rt<M>il* ; <irie,<irMs 

- Ktfiyv^ wc^l a» liiyiseHl ji^^ 
tlH^r eojirfin H'^^ a iiiifl*;^ ift.JiH 

jtooi. ^ -TM^j C^|'>^^ r rech^u 

*jt^, ibe^fore, ,Tfry pocnliar- 
ly eoune^M* arid, y^Vjrt^l^^ 
Csiptaiiiv^ii^ctiielJL gbf^t^s;^ «t taaV 
1^ is Mq to i^rfpduc^ n^ ont^ 
fact ag^iiiuit the Quj^efi ; though 
he cie^rly ^hws that Ke* be- 
half towrarda het in a n^o^t 
tliibcKromin^ apd in^oWl |li&ti^ 
^ aer. This shi^ pi)m&^^ 'i? *ft^ 
only wsty that it Vas | iri ' Vff 
l>ower to punbh it* waiftolyrtj^f 
JvXiii^ujg tl>S4t at laMi^ wlth[hiliu 
and by rcliyiing him an audieoo^ 
w hicb he eiideavoartHt ' la ob- 
tain. By wJinl tiioiiVcB be mi^hi 
have been ai^tu^ied ju h^s vmt 
dual to^:3J;ds^the i^jfe af f"* 
>overei^np a^i the l*rmt^e (fieri 
w«a ; whether Iw fc4t hiill^eft 
^cum frpiiii^aU ht^muijtctui!^ 
ras|>e did;,.y»h^everfjiiig^bi^b^ 
his ^noti^reSfiipofi that occ^&ton^ 
no one « ill '$ay that h^ was i 
wltnefiif fnoadly to the Quet^n * 

and >et, oni^ f^t^^"^^^^* 
thcjr-^ coined not one h'wigie par- 
ticle to corrobdirate, eveit by 111- 
slnuation, Ihefew^s^ing'S of IUa-** 
joc^hi &tM):i)i^ Tei>l pf Ij^e, i||Li(0 
fi-fim the fdrtr^bs^ j i;- / 

Xhus, then, your Itattasi prp*. 

ductipn; the produetion of ' ft 

' ConyuL^^on, estabUsttmd for jim 

j^iirpcij^e of geliuigr at f^actsjo 

\ make iJie QMeep oppt ar ^liiUv ; 

these wUne**es stand wholly 

I ni|^i4pp0rt«d by any thin^ in ih^ 

^ ^bim^ : of feof ro iKtmlioii, If it 

rbe^ ;^ked why, upou ihjLvsnppb-. 

fsiitian of tho wholfi origbrntiuj^ 

( kV'^ coDsitiracy; If '^'Jik ^Am 

tiitrofliif^U il' d U^ jr>lieti if^y 
the. ,Wtt|ifr»«^ j«^^ r**^,Wifl*35l. 


itized by Google 



jS*^? that fhoy actu^ljr' $nv/[ 

'^luai il la ^hd oy<^ct to cause 
tQ^Je befleV^eil frfts so fr^qupnt- 
Wilmh; It ifii» be asWJ, th^ 
"aii^wt^r Is peTf<*ctly Toady. It is 
iiTuIe ill ^11 cotitis oT iW thril 
DiimVrouii Btrdng lind'ftxll cton- 
n^cied elf cii Aifti^ncei , are wtjrtti 

td3trt!iigt»i^nyolirciifee-Wl hni 
aj^^Ute^ lin -srtfteflgftlwftiiig* ib* 
Co*iYi€timi that ihf vfhM ori* 
^iitjited, in thftt desire* ^^^ri«h 
has beiMi so eiearly iUciW|c^4id 
1 II ere r y 4 ti*ii"e of ' the ' ptotseed^ 
in^st, namely /fo keepott^$kf&r 
Majf»ttj ^nt (1/ fAf cifunlr^, *«* 
it cbflt Nvhut it mi^ht. ^ hi-. 
1 coTiclusion ol' your^pci*e*i, 
unv, that t»»e ' preaffiblo ^i 

m^f^' ill ' ' t)f d'dticW|j con virtion In c 

ttaoWny W poiiHiv^lv sworn ;}'t*iiRT, 

la lJbi>u the &upp^s'^'^^ that the BilJ; that is to lay^ ithfe 

tliii ef lilcacc \tas th^ fmSt iif a dmrpriMl a^fdtist her tWi^f^ity nW.* 

l4)n^ f^ui ahd slbwlv tnatuTedlfttlly rrtade OBt; ftjtii itiat tho 

consptrai^v/ii^thlng' cijiild be 50 Btll nin*t ac«bi^in*h^ T>&si«i^!^^ 

^ieir cotttHVeil ms to abstain 
friilrti po^Uive '6aths as to the 

^?s« !ih*' be ahl* ©leA^ly^ dbtifict- 
\f aiid positrvely ttf pwjvc^ y«HT 

Wal factltscif. Sitch abstiiK^>ce ! fVidt^nce to be wlioHv fobo. 
>.nuld haturaliy ^i^e an air af'Thtf I dem. 1' *ay f^iat bH^k 
4^'rapul<imfiv^s to the prosi^cu- caiiled Upon for nd'«iidi« jpraof. 
^ iiikts Wetl a^' td the Vitnesie* ; To prove 4 itf^frtitt; woa nev^r 
•atid(,^1f'it1e pr<*s^tat0rs eotdd yet required of any hiniMifi lie- 
mkftc dUt; bv a dbUfeulination of ki«r. Hcjt**^ i* ""be Qiieei^vto 
cTrciVinstantes, th^ ttrtainty of bnn^ any body to aweartttat 
- " ' '• De Mom did nol He€ what *fe 

has^^^rn that -she &aM'1 AJi 
that the Queen * s ad^XK'iit^shanife 
to dois to show that tliesio wi- 
Ueiisos are imwtirtinj nf crtdU. 
This is all; and, itB the date 
now Mlkfidi, the public thi»k 
that this has already beef* deae 
by the witnesses tJieroi^eKtfi, 
viewed in cofineetion iiritb^il 
the ch-amistanees attend iri§: 4 bo 
Milan Commission aftd tboso 
other cifcurnstanees, which t 
have sUkte^ at the outset of t4«a 
tenter. Mr. Broug^ham migiit 
hive safely gonr on tit#taRl*T ; 
his stotenientp together With the 
eVidenee of a (msv^ witoest^e* of 
ctedibihty, would haven hewn 
much mifo than siiffieienti Ibr 
the hfttisfftction of the pnbtie. 
llio trial mi^hthave betHi coii- 
dttded m'ore t*6wt uad.^e 

the fiict, it \vould be ten thon 

iiind' times fetter (br th^m than 

" t<l havi the fact p<ysi timely iwoni 

to by eye Witrie&^ea. ^o that 

t*hU ^fietiAng' about Ike ifa^h k 

*^^at d^eceim nobody v but, on 

'the dth^r h^nd, has * tended 

sft6ngfK to firtfdue^i that nniver- 

■j^al eohdction which prevails 

'tHat 'tbtV Svhblc thirtgr bas ori- 

Krfatbd in a cottspltacy ;' for, 

^& bvtr-stf ainM 'cfiutrbn, is to 

''kwWHng to the positive -^ct, 

liiated t6hhii qftestJon :' how is 

it possible" tha:t ^his ini^bsant 

adtdtertjiis Stit^rcourse, ctould be 

^aiti^otiVd*i^'^d mght;"forso 

^ii^ a time /and in isoisi^ny atid 

^%tW iiifferhit ^ituatmnii ; ind 

'*feo 'bfl4 ii^^le person shonid, 

u^on'^any^cccaslonr, eV^ have 

v^iiiie^^M the act itMitp '-" 

Thv=» ove^^raitied * eantion , 


by Google 


To TU^>8oi,|C(Tj(»Vp£N«RAL. 


sHM^^t, imj^Am very day,. Lwe 
iipoii^^i^ evidenSca as }'^i)«>''^! 

Aft (Q Uie? ciMie /Of. bo^ f 4|Hi<^^ 
ty, iu the puWi^j ppiAion^it ni^ 

proiinctfd a fo^lingf. U>wai 

.pro^oomoiDi .aD«t fh«!f ,Mg^^U 

jUia|:i«4jnDll.|ioii^iitur« to de- 

tJH»i^;.a^ tiad.proi^j^ a 4^- 

. g^re.^«of4if[«otioi^Apd a^t^otmiei^t 

. towards l(eir. Majpsty, su()b «^ ^ 

• beiiey« ^liiQvar wm before fe| t 
.towarA|»;Wy ..bgiiian .ljai{;i5:. 
. You Iwf'*© ; do^d . your; x^ : 
. yoiMfcjiwg^e$*r^4yQMr: evj^enqe 
'. #re. beUM)e ^e \vorld ; ,anfi . t^ 
. warm^^rt«4 addresses, |)Q^r- 

jieveiy tawn.jaiui every villagie^ 
>f^mi^W appropria^ a^wer^t^ 
:^Mios^v^twg«s %n4 to that j^yi- 
' dence, 

i<'eebl9,>iiHieed, was your at'- 

. .teuifit iq 4ipolf^z^ fof the pro- 

.. ij^i\4Q?j aiid their aigent^. We 

.•fi(4lMd.^isc9ver, howev^, /rpm 

. thf^t apology, tiiat you were not 

iti^^iaible to the wei|>pht of your 

^prfl^Rt Uqj)iJ)]i.*&, ^nf^ hot J}tjod 

to Xhqsa ^reatpjf tcoublcs w' * 

y<;Mi i^hplc^. in prospect. You 

' appvi^ to.^^e.thVi yoiirpajrops 

r. apd wpp^y-^ ^r« ^^^ with 

.- diffipujtics .cui . ove^-y. side/, ajod. 
.. yo^^ ttvakfi'a, lamc.^tyirapl to 
.4r0aii$e jt to .he bteti^ted that .the 
7«idiffi«sutee& ,w^^rp *^Vi!ai{o5f«Wf|e. 
,:.B«t,. v.^P ^b^'^.^'^s^tlift^ com- 

• ,v|^i9U[«<^jibe. Min!^^ 'dut 

tii^, Miii^ <l)otun)^s|fiioh?; Who 
.ay^aa 4V -^^^t^ eawptVi-d ihew • ti:> 
.^&p^l^ oi*cinouey,ujon,Coo*sB, 

Powell aodBnow.^ ? \Vhoi|'^ft 
it, that f'ompdM %twm to, ,*i&Dd 
'ihe^ tar-fii lilted lliHcbiiisou/l'^ srl 
Po^eni S ^V^ip wa^' '^i tomptlled 
tbein to %i*nti jiown ibe Ort^t^'A 
fiagr^T \Vha,wa^ It comptlUd 
t^m to imlx^^it ypvtf iio&r brtV- 
Uhiaro*' the )p^\v to Jjroufiul^ate 
thFpi^liout tlie world ihat the 
j^i^^j had witnessed an (1)tl£^a- 
tm\,({f the k^^^itid mh-rrmrHt'f 
^V??p/^vusj \ictmmthd them ^0 
g-o.iuto ii,fr|kl which the l!<>ii^ 
oC(pOD^i^om had declnrod '* mci^t> 
;' ^orminata hMW \l nji^^htp bo 
'* dero|a'tory to the di^uily of 
.V the Crowrvj arnd lojurioys ti 
/{^th.e bejjt ii^terejils of the ^outb- 

*'<iUy r' Wiio vv4^ tt tliat Voifef* 

j^^^rf them to dp any of ih^^s^ 
J^ipgs ; for. ff they have not bt*eii 
acUng' uuiler som^ conijuiUionj, 
thepro^ccdingsa /'eall thjpir ^wd. 

cej;;£a, .Ihey well Tcneiy the 
oature^and. extent pf th^ eyi- 
djopce. i.AYe find )i|[i0occh^, the 
sixqi^e Cjo)mtess, and' l^^aU- 
iiitero^ted Sacc^ini all f^(ain|g* 
Tn-England for a loog^ tio^e. The 
!^fi|;)iiaers must liaVe b^ep '^^^^U 
accjuaiutjed m:U(* tb/^ r iS^wjW* 
^tanc^s relating tb the W^^^cji^K^.; 
and, what, is more/ ^A^J(^Mj)^^ 
tlieir tfw.^qogS) dbwn'i^.M^ck 
,aqd wliljti. )i>k^th^ firreen^,%CB. 
AU'tJ^t wie kniqJw. no^f ,u|^ 
W.\ir before; and, i^ t,^.tb^i^ 
e^ppndi^uci^ of mon^y , ii^'^|^is. 
,b.i;$iuc^s, l^y hav« r^ol CQp- 
descaqded,, 9ven ypt, ^|jffif P* 

^i^Sfi§e4iug§.is a»iy;rPWjl,.yp! 
tojy aqt 7^^j^>re ffifipop^^^ 
for that ac^;. ^nd« 1, tri||jy, Cjjiftt 
yoa will nod that ](pvi;^T#ta 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


['^iU.bB;.p<^ssed or. not. 
, ,afe t loiow; that one p? 

1^;% ;i^ Hij^nloh'' that it BMt- 
t^i^yety Uttje, ^iU^.tdj^ar^ tp 
tkft loiimate consequchces,' whe- 
thfeir Yh* Bfll ipas^XJr be rejected:* 

".Eitbei' V^y *» '«jr«<fewi* 

sped^'' It' n^ver wiU reccivep 

tnis bl<>w, l>e you well assured. 

It tlie Ministers could ^Ave ven- 

twred to ptUs the BiU iifnpty 

up&n the report of the Secret 

Committee ; run it throug'h the 

floases in. twerit^v-fbor-hours, 

tMi^tJt in fex:ecution the next 

l*ilfiteraft^wt(a 'th6 citso with 

t^ R^forfiiers, in. 1^17, puttings 

into W in clause of 6ani*fXmen^ as 

^^r^ af ^of de^d^tidiY and din 

in^T«»;tlien, indeed; tbeirobject 

tmight bave been ^accomplished. | 

Btit, V^en once they hesitated ; i 

W|ieh once they b^gan t*> be* 

g;fl(n^;; ktid "Bffpecielly 'tHMi; 

Ibpy began to t^tk o€ trial, their 

4i^teat was certain. I^^was then ; 

^it wa$', irom that vfery Moment,. 

'ifetelEf te ^yH^fht to we^ tbat 

dfi^ ,^ sealed: ^e 4oom : of 

llietDselves /ind the system. 

Fn^cff ' for drte liioinent doubted 

0,H^ petfect itirtofcifttt<ife of btfr 

Si^eaty. 'I wat well ^'Ware of 

alf ^5e . means thta tv*ould - bef 

niide us^" of to make*^her appear 

grnjUy ; ' but I Wai alio '^^eU 

avMrf^<rf the enHg:bten6d ^tef 

bT'^lm public i^qd, of the in-» 

4%my of thepeople, and of ffiel 

jr pot^rftil force 6f ptibfid 

il^ti." r'**^ wo* awafte'if 

!'pr#*dI$p(Kiiion of a t^rtabi 

^of^tl^ ofbttr ffelloMf cifizcns 

ind^eltew softerert whom Ido 



not chtrtte nt«p^ «ii«ti*f tai*eii 
MHi^; but I »fa^^ui^ m^f^ 
lifMrUQullu^ly. >vben 1 aaw^ . wbM 
was passing- in other parts \it 
th^'^Wt>Hd; that thiiidtici»iplMii* 
ofotir C^lowfcU itsea^iilro^mi^ 
^^lg^ fea^n, janiotof^st^^ ^^^-^ 
tators of Ihe scene. • ' , 

My '"iirttkipatiom. *Haite'^be«Bf 
f^ily v^tied; Tbe^taleof thioga 
is *iKfc OQW, ,!tM,f ietf the,Jli*M 
pass or let it nplt pass^-the ayslei^ 
never can n^covttr'fm|j>i6\VthH^ 
it'htts r^oM^d-^vaM^fonryotir 
odosolafio^, ijOflCiiv ypf^ ih» «oii- 
, eluding i;emark, that your em-, 
ploy^rs have dealt this <iidadly 

A neW and corrected Bdilion 
oftbi^Work isT«ow^i)rrn<et*,rftfd 
for sale iat "No. '<i6(y, ^Btftind, 
pric^ 4<i. Wd haye reccivetj 
and adopted maiHy corVfecitioi^i^. 
Tlie cdmmnnicatJoh' i^clilfih-J^lo 
OtA^tiags an4 the AV/f!^^* ' hps 
madfe ns'Iang-h. Net^ dlsodv^- 
'riesaV^ niakinj^ 'trv^ry tiaf . ^ It 
Is very true, that *' one li'alf of 
the world does not know hHw 
the 6tliet» hsdlf Hvesr'^i-lte^aie 
c[aily receiving pressing requests 
to publish an. account ofi tlie 
ie(i*t^g,' and ' crtfcer^ ' n^id^ ^^ot 
diiposing <Jf the'isti'tes cAtted 
the Cror/tn lM.ndt , ^vfKich, ^ ^4 
Sciwvt public property; (Un* <J6r- 
re^ondent reniarks^; -that tfti^ 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


•mt m y^w^puifif 


lMime<lefBiv^jfrffli ihk^ropf^tj. 
«M%m#tti^<itft4bft wH' PM4 to 

-wwHh^flhc iNbpeiijri ^Adfiy ofthwr iM»|PP^W >M ^ fiSfT 

4U «NMil >QQfn|iioi)f «MsbVg«C 

(•Ml bcutrceiii ta long Mihe 
;JNlMett«lS|flllMii9|llil JMfe; mmI> 

CRQiM^K A V 300/.. of 8#I«ia2; ;, j»|i^ 
the iiiiil^l JtS^ininoos 4^ not 

iViftkfyyi^t^nWp^ ^. ,m^^^ -»iigig»^il»' 4*',4« 

iliin^ with regard, (q wiiigh Mr^ 

tii^iMMmi.ror,M(|bwi4,t^lM!( sw*- 

mui-. coat plmo^tan.,wiHUm»i^ 

mocli mow9:lwsw» tlMipiji^^i^ 
.at pwsfHll. (h« hajiffftgssijfe^. 
joy..TTTl#«<ir t«™.^Wir^i«|\bfliB 
have soni* rirht to cell tittaii our 
brother Authors for a litt!^ cx- 
erijoWon, ilp^^ tfi^. t?fe ^<M|d« 

g^qtlemen ^o take a PEBP AT 

eooiaki aa .^lpii^»^ic«I .b»t 4>f 
AR-vltfie ^r8on3 proseciited- Ibr 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 

^^ffiHV B^pRcw*'^'^ Sj^vMi^ ^nIBw 

^dli'i iTTIIIiiy itlhfl t Villil AIM —"•"'* ' 


^4 »*&# W ft) Work; eitx»pl. 

iM>^1IIM HHItilft liis tiwb v)r-) neJUmoMm fevtieonld rioiiKwih 

tt< wiilit ' of ibfiiUsfi ' "Umtc ifafMB 
((«s they fflvst90 fcipir)di y^rf l f 

tai;ht^iMsi^09LTEIttf^mo i^ikd^mmfto^^fumai^d iiMmi 

"AiieiiMI^^Wbiitm^l It 
^iildr^ihi^6cir{t>tbf^gftfs of 

evu aoer<» and a rritaird U 
!«fiky «Mlh gi»(i4 grMit«ide»^-, ; 

* '; "-'"''^fiiVAtJTkoRs. 

riiMisv Must kftve ki«/rA#rf.>ftl 
them ! hMleed^ 0aMle«efff Iv^^U- 
vefp00l, and iwiosiktcs, m^MmIo 

npoi^ irfltlmi bHues ilie EdUi^sh 

.' tbc fc<)Vier 'of W^ttir^idiy 
idb^i^, imWo l^m^emMm, 

;b|^Mf».^caiim tQ,his^ofticeJo ^e- 
s^r6 him lo " ioiitrdilict'ttic UD- 

Digitized by CjOOQiC 




*" waif aiKiiVI^ ett^mitm ^ the 
VAWkiH^reait MNiPifti w* ikrir 

^*«(ik^/ftt\a V0bu»€f tat, will 

BtthfUfHf^ lihottklliliMokMW 
4hea» rr(a«Jci<9 of Hit Wkit-^ 
-br^ead^ /-^^Ha^vert in Abb QDe< 
.cfrunifstaiOB'Hevrliijetty may 
sbe, thatab&.harno/rtcfuit ex- 
,cept tiie mu^ot the pgopfej^ 
Aaid, yfhtLt^ m»9d, sbe/of iiMMV? 
Having^ tuMbaken frieoctobip 
iliofe,^sli6 n^ed not caraabont 
tb» Ukg*fb^ pveteaders to high" 
,>ld<ki' We/sfaail aee. the day, 
'Wheki tlie WdiiiiMreads will think 
lUieiDselaoa iucky, if they can 
gettbeirjnafiuia.d^wn in print 
^ainoa^ > the^ v visitors * of the 
•Qnten.^ ••• ' . ^ *.■ ; 

r.i hf^e tief9T» stjt^-anddfciWh * 
8taie,rtM^v9C tht^J^mmi^m^ 
liimoiouB. writera .a^{ain9|> .t|M 
Queen,; .oojb, )»rithoaV*prot«teat 
tio»r tum&d Ai^^^ wyf^i out qf 
€loor# and ke|^t;^ec.tilUhe 4ied« 
in a 6tate of ^ei^t misery, ifrhiAe 
he Jived in gin^at luxury i^nd 
adiiU0ry. with another womap' ; 
and that th^ other^. without 
cau8t^a2«o t$ime4kis4fftff.wt^ 
efo<m#»d0e9 not^iow live wilJi he^^ 
iHit lives with Jk niuch too neat 
ymmg female ffetatwn ^f hi^ 
own ! These nienvii^ say, *tba| 
their indinutisonA feffre- not wn* 
der their cotUK^^i hut^ :iwst 
they nou foe pioCigM^^. ai^ ismol 
villains? Ofsueh^and^uchon);, 
and pf the hase herd who, cp 
wboae relations, Uve o» . 4kf 
tuxes, are (he Qy^en^ enemioa 
composed. .< .1 <. 


,' // .'. 

, .Prlntfid fmd PuhKshpjJ by >V. Benbow. 269, Strand. 
. Price Bixpenct UaJfpemiy ill the Cooatr). 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 




London, Sept, 2\^ 1620. 

Wbaver Boy^, 

Tfai& yffyB the appellation 
wliieh, in scorn^ was given to 
ttie' brave aod enljgbteiled Re- 
formers of Manchester and its 
vicimty, in the fall of the year 
181^, that memorable epoch 
when silly rtvting ceaeed, and 
vfben the resetatment of the 
people way directed manfally 
nnd^ steadily against the real 
Authdrs of oppressions and mi- 
defies. We have not yet fully 
jKccomplished our patriotic and 
loyaf purpose; but wo have 
tuade great prmOgi'eHs towards 
it ' Inflnitely increased is the 
hatnb^r of those, who see in 
jitform, ^nd in that alone, a 
remedy for thd evils thai afflicl 


Vol. 37.-.N0. 16.] LbNDON, SATURDAY, Sept. 23, 1880. [Prioe^ (M. 

I r \ ;■ ■ ' ' I I r i ~T- i - — 1 'i ■ ■ ' 1 i^ * ^ 

the country and endanger itjs 
tVanquiliity. Oi^r enemies; I 
mean our great; unprincipled^ 
greedy, cruel, and cowardly 
enemies ; the monsters, whq 
have so long been sacking our 
very blood, are now smitten 
with fear. They look aroun4 
them in vain for a prop wh^re? 
on to plac^ ^rmreKaneei Their 
main prop is, .they find^ no 
longer to be relied on. They 
are frightened: they, at Iast» 
see their danger * danger, from 
which thby have no mctans of 
escape; or, at least, if they 
have any means of escape^ this 
is the basest of all nations, and 
it deserves to be scourged^ noi 
with rods, but with scorpions. 
V^ile they are fretting luicl 

stewing; let vs laugh ; ^d Go4 
knows w0 hfiVa now thii^ 
enough to laugh i^t. I jsha)( 
take these things without much 
regard to the order in whioh \ 
plate them ; but we ahall .fiod»< 
that, even in this laughing, 
work, we sha^U have a great 
deal to merit onr attention. 

■ . ^ E 

l>riale< and published by W. Beicpow, 869, Striwd. qqq[£ 


To Tiffc Weaver 8oVs. 



First of all there is (he press. 
Our enemies thoug^ht that they 
had stifled it, when they passed 
their 5»t-r Adts in November last. 
They thought that they had 
then got something^ as gdod as a 
Bourbon Censorship, especial- 
ly as they therein sanctioned 
Sidmouth^s Circular and Par- 
son Hay's laM^ of holding to 
bail. Nevertheless, ^hey have 
f in fact done nothing. The 
Queen, to destroy whom is 
their great object at present, 
praises the press ; extols the li- 
berty of the press ; says that it 
is to the press that she in a 
great measure ovres her safety. 
In this case we have a ptdoT of 
her Majesty's good sense, dis- 
cernment, sound judgment, and 
gratitude ; for, never did hu- 
man being owe more to the 
press than her Majesty owes. 
It has been a volunteer in her 
service too. . Not such a volun- 
teer as we shall by and bye find 
the yeomanry cavalry gentle- 
men to be ; but a real volun- 
teer, who has laboured with 
great effect and zeal, and with- 
out the'posailHKty of receiving 
pay or reward of any sort. But 
the thing to laugh at in this in- 
stauce is, that corruption com- 

plains, that the Queen has all 
the most able writers on her 
side ! Poor Corruption { Poor 
Boroughmongers ! They cannotr 
then, get an able pen for love or 
money ! 

Judge Parke on tbeNorthe^n 
Circuit made a long ser^Rion to 
a Grand Jury about the mischiefs 
produced by the Press ; ilnd in 
the <:ourse of the sermon be said^ 
that it was very wicked as well . 
as very foolish, to set any value 
upon, writing, whether in news-' 
papers, pamphlets, or books, 
merely because the thing wa9 
weU written. This was very ^ 
true ; for, a man may put very 
good writing into a work, the 
object oi which is to justify or 
excuse a Despot, -who is at the 
same time a debauchee, a drunk-* 
ard, a spendthrift, a companion 
of cheats, liars, cowards, blaek* 
legs, contented cuckoUs, 9oA 
who is, himself, a cruel husband 
and a bad son; inshort,awretcl» 
whose consciousness of bmving' 
not one single claim to retpect^ 
and every possible claim to nni* 
versal detestation, would make 
him shun the sight of man as 
bats and owls shun the light of 
day. In justification /Or excuse 
of such a besotted and cowardly 
Despot, a base wretch hired for 
the purpose/ might put forth 

Digitized by.VjOOQlC 


SEI*tEMBER ^/ 1S20* 


some very good writingp. In 
JusiificatioD or excuse of seat- 
'sellin^ tools of Corruption ; of 
venal and prostituted Judges; 
6f base and perjured Jurors ; of 
place-hunting- and blbod'-thirsty 
Magistrates; of murderers in 
the uame of the law ; of blood- 
Inoney spies, hatehers of plots, 
and of all the other miscreants 
that do infest, or have at any 
tinoo infested this world ; tn jus*' 

waKx even hi$ Grand Jury 
against listening to the good 
wrilings of the Radicals ! This 
is a thing to be borne in mind. 
It is not the trash that they aro 
any longet afraid of: it is the 
^ood writing that they are afraid 
oC and they have now found 
out that It is very wicked or 
very fbblish to approve of good 
It is very irue that we long 

tification or excuse of any of^^ago, or rather they long ago - 

these/ very well written things 
may he sent forth. 

Therefore I agree with Mr. 
Judge Parke that we are not to 
think well, of a thing merely 
because it is well written. But 
in this case Mr. Ju^dge Parke 
-was speaking of the publications 
put forth in (avonr of ^Parlia- 
mentary Reform. That is to 
say, in favour of Radical /?c- 
form. And, the Judge, there- 
fore, acknowledges, that therp 
is danger from the good .writing 
in favour of such reform !, This 
ii something new, and it is 
something for Os to laugh at. 
For a long while the contrary 
of this was asserted. Our writ- 
ings were sud to be very foolish ; 
mere trash ; only two-penny 
trash;. only stuff to delude the 
ignorard. But now Mr, Judge 
, Parke thinks it necessary to 

proved by the shackl^ imposed 
upon the Press, that we pos- 
sessed talents superior to those, 
possessed by a thousand legis- 
lators, two thousand Magis- 
trates, i^nd twenty thousand 
Bishbps, Deans and Paribus, all. 
having^ leisure and nKiney to 
assist them. This fact was 
proved k>ng enough ago; but 
Hbw it is acknowledged ; or els<^> 
why give the country a caution 
against the power of the good 
writing of th^ Radicals? 

.Judge Bailey, lately at\'ork^ 
g^ve a long sermon to his Grand 
Jury upon the subject of sedi* 
tious and blasphemous publica- 
tions. This he did upon the 
hypothesis that soifte of t^ie men 
brought before hiro,fntg&/ hffve ' 
been misled by such publica- 
tions. He had no proof before 
him that they had been misled 

Digitized by VjOOQ l€ 


To TH^ Weaver Boys. 


by such means ; hiit upon the 
supposition, that they mig-ht 
hiive been so misled; he to6k 
occasion to spcalc \\'ith strong 
reprobation of such publica- 
tions, send: to inculcate morality 
and the fear of Ood. Now, 
though I see no imm^ediatis cause 
ibr these observations, especially 
as there are about twenty or 
thirty thousand Parsons, regular 
and' sectarian, constantly on 
doty, or at least in' constant pay ; 
yet I am far from disapproving* 
of the Judge's sermon, and only 
object tQ it's brevity. In speak- 
ing of our morals, he might 
have inveighed with just bitter- 
ness against thos^ who pour 
out upon th6 public and worm 
into every cottage in the king- 
dom the grossest and most loath- 
some obscenjty; and thereby 
make the common talk of the 
people such as has hitherto been 
confined to the circles of the de- 
bauched, the degenerate and 
beastly crews that distinguish 
the west end of the Metropolis. 
He might have extended his re- 
probation to the double distilled 
adulterers that are so notorious ; 
to the men who have two wo- 
men living at one time, both of 
whom have been their wives, 
to the infamous' women who 
flaunt about and unconcernedly 

meet their two husbands at a 
ball ; and he might, as he was. 
in the moral humour^ have dwelt 
upon the duties of a husband ; 
he might have rejirobated the 
wretch who takes a wife merely 
for the purpose of getting a de- 
liverance from his debts ; then 
surrounds her witli bawds arid 
prostitutes in the hope of ob- 
taining, by causing her to b^ 
seduced, the grounds for a re- 
lease from his marriage contract ; 
and next, finding these efforts 
unavailing, treats her with un- 
bearable brutality, drives her 
from his house and then lays ^ 
plot for her destruction. In- 
stances of this sort have not 
been wanting in this wicked 
world ; and, as domestic fide- 
lity is the basis of all morality 
in families ; and as all societies 
must consist of families, this was 
a branch of his subject which 
the pious Bailey ought not to 
have left untouched. He, how- 
ever, seems to have thought that 
God was most likely to be of- 
fended with things about which 
Gpd has not thought proper to 
give us any copnmands at all, it 
being no where said in Holy 
Writ, that there shall not be a' 
Reform in our Parliament, and ' 
he haying no where said that 
men shall not seek to obtain 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


SfipTUMVER ^3, 1820. 


inch Reform.^ The Judge's ser« 
mon was good aa fi^* cis it went ;* 
bat it onfortanaldy stopp^djust 
at the point where it might 
have gtme into irery useful mat- 
ter, f . .•-•- 


It livtU be-.|iDbeconq[ing in US 
to lat^h outright at these re- 
verend persons^ but it Is never- 
thel^ proper that we notice a. 
little of their coUfcNict upon the 
present occasion. Am<yngrst-the 
hundreds of thousands bt per- 
sons that iiifrte comci forward to 
address her Majesty the Queen, 
there have; been,* in England, 
but two PiirsoMl out of, at least, 
Jive and twenty thousand,' in* 
ckidi^ the Dite^fitet's.- These 
are> Dr. Pa*p> who is-a Rector 
of it PiMrish in fWarwfekshire, 
and Mr. 'Hntchtns, who) is the 
Curate dfKiiwptpn addOratdy, 
in Hbaipshire. lsaidiit«foN 
mer -RSegister thai it*- *Yas Mr. 
Fowle of l^ampton, because I 
foisBd to the books, that Mr. 
Fowle -wds'tte Rfect6r of the 
Parwh of Kim{^ton: I was sar^ 
prised at the timo, that d Rec- 
tor ^faNiuld haver done such a. 
thing/ ai^d i ath: teailly pleased' 
at ihe^d«very that the gentle- 
mall wis a Cu^te. ttis curious, 
however, to Observe,* bow ^hy 
the Pardons hare beeu.upouthis 

occasion. ' They arc a very pru- 
dent, a very eaotious, a very ^ 
fer-^eeing race,' Thekwyers, 
thpugh excessively cuni^hg, fall * 
short m this- respect of the Pair- ' 
sons. I, have often- thbtight of • 
wb^t would be <he result; if* 
Hwenty or anfy given nnmbeir of ' 
each were set to work to. strive 
fprthe attainment of the stahie 
object' Ufibn a reflection, how- 
ever, after having duly const- ' 
(iored all tibe various faculties 
and ^efforts ^hich bach should 
bluing into play, 1 have always * 
ip the end awatdfed' the stip^D- ' 
riority to thte Wrabns; and aB 
oldfriend, who i§ how in Ame- ' 
rlca, -andw^io rhope isin good 
l|eaUh to lead* this^, 'will 'fecol- * 
loct, that it was about iWelve 
years ago decided by hiYii and * 
me^ that if IwAnty Parsons and 
twenty Lawyers were shut' up 
without fire or victuals to 4be 
dnd'of their days, to stl-ip and 
to eat each ofter, the Liw^^eVs ' , 
would be naked first and' the^ 
Parsons alive last. 'With regard - 
to her Majestji the two racJBS ' 
have acted, with some very few 
exceptions amongst the' Law- 
yers, precisely the ^ame ' part. * 
irhe Lawydrs', flbV\iBver; are ' 
less noted. Th^ Queen's cifee • 
did not naturally and necessarily " 

cull upon them ; but to the Par- 
, 2 F 



To tHfc Weate» BoYf. 


tons it made a direct appeal.-^ 
How. they .ever can agw ex- 
hort the.peopli^ to domestic ^ 
delity; how they can exhort 
husltMnds to be kind to their 
ivives ^how they can ever again 
condemn pei^dy, false swearing: 
a9d snbprnation, it is impossible 
ibf CM to conceive.. Mr. Hume, 
in bis speech 00 Monday last in 
the House of Coaimons, made 
somf) observations on the Church 
e^U^Ushment^very well worthy 
of atteotioo. That is not the last 
tfa|it the Ravecend Gentlemen 
wiUhear on that subject; fi>r 
amongst the good things that 
her Af i^ty has done is that of 
enabling us to judge more cof- 
reotly than we weve able to do 
before of the real tendency and 
effect of thai establishment.-^ 

his priKteat course to eonBne hia - 
future eflbrts to bis'Pnipit 

It is curious to observe how ~ 
exactly, in ever}", branch of th« 
system, the obaervatieo holds 
good, that the Queen's enemies 
and the enemies of the Radicala 
are the same. Tl^re is thia 
little diflereace in the case of 
the Parsons, that they dared 
openly assail us ; ^whereas, they 
are^extiemely aby in the case of. 
the Queen, and carry on to- 
wards her a sdrt of negative hosr 
tility. They set their wivea. 
and daughters and sons to work, 
th^y give the' farmers and their 
wives chilling and forbidden 
looke, they proceed with abund- 
ant industry hot with great re^ 
serve and drcomspection at'^ihe 
same tiilie. But, after idl, the 
light is too strong, and the peo* 

Two Parsons^ a man at .Man- 

cli^ster^ whose name i havejple^s eyes too penetrating U> 

^/N forgotten, and Ppurson Cunning- sufler any part of their condnct 

.. ham of jHarron;, have openly (to escape, observation. They 

tidi^ the ield against .Jthe 

QueeUk To the former 1 gave 

kis payment four weeks ago; 

and the latter hf^ received a 
^ pret^ decent drubbing from the 

TrapeUer and the Ttmea. ,^1 

pr6pose to say a - word to him 

by ^d byoi mi will* make him 
t pcMToeive, that, like the great 

mtos qf.bis brethren, it- will be 

see as clearly as the Borough- 
mongers see the tremendomi 
danger to them wbic)^ the 
tnumph of the Queen would 
produce. They, like the Bo* 
rougbmongers^ wish her out of 
the country as rats wish a cat 
out of the house. And y^t» Cho 
case is so flagrant ; all eflbrts to 
effect tfaf object are so odious ^ 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 




Ihenr ii^o^ tttuch* duQg^ attend- 
iog ibmr aiakiiif iM«0h>efMii, 
ilKii they, Ihoug^ they e^aarJy 
tee that! the triumpb^ efjlie 
Qieeea must ftoelly lead t^ wiMKi 
iiM^r dree4 ^.miuhvei least, u 
4faejf:clieadtbe DervtU they dace 
jM>t, in ord^r ta prevent that 
'ti9timf>b>, fitii band or foot 
There they are, then, speU 
houod and trembling: there let 
them be,; anil lei na lapgli. at 

If we are net allowed to* 
%ngh. at this fellow; tbiNi,. 
there must be jt law againat 
laigbiDg. Whither he ia-golie, 
vrbat ia4>e€ome of hi«j nobedy 
INretenda to be able to tell. He 
ia a- Privy CoanciUor ^ he i» a 
€!libinet'Miiii»ter; he' is Presi- 
dent of Mie Boaid of ContcouV; 
aad he |8-gone eal of the> eoun- 
iay. He is gone after^^ his wife^ 
. some aay^ Hew different fpom 
some men»! He is gone- t^ sea 
ta get at hia wife:' some; go 
to sea t» get 'from tfaei.r wives. 
In short. Canning bas> slipt out 
ef the way.: The Ouke of. Wel- 
lington is gone abroad, loo. 
"What is the great "^Capimmof 
** tk€ Age" gone for? Is he 
g^ne .after bis wife, loo ? Is it a 
tove of kisses or a hatred « of 
hisses that fay sent him away ? 

N^vec was- soch^^a* wonden- 

woddng womitn aa * hinr Ma^^ 

joBty^ She. has: done moss in a 

hundred da^ than. «ll <jf oa^ 

wese- able* to^ do^^^inv ibe 

Botme of tM>ty JMm. Sii»' taaa. 

delivered ni of fhtntang^ tht^^ 

botheAnngr thal^^ heelixln|i, tbaC 

swaggering iilade, Ibat aufpaia^ - 

ed . betk Bardo)|4r and. Pistol : 

that bdly of the bdMnig: l^n * 

of Liverpocd4 that 1>^ deder 

of^men wiahoM -arma in tiieir" 

hands and with mnasdea' ot^ 

their n^Dioths ; tiwt heetoter who 

exebiaradr " II 1^ dMran^iiie 

'f Gramppfttd, H^ m tecanae %^ 

" will F^asefw -QU^SatttrnV* 

lliat impudent, thai nisolent 

s6tt«of Mi&r Hunnvthat blazen^ 

jeaierf.that- iron-b6hrtedf4tedC¥ 

erof the bowdaeCOgdeni: ha 

vis gjone,- and my-sineeie) opinion 

i$^ ik^t ba; neve^ will felurm. 

U is aennning fellow, ll faaa 

noted' well the consequeiioes of ^ 

remaining a>,Httie*toa. loi^^itJk: 

assisted. CO pass a.htw Ibt ^kan*> 

{ahing Radical, writen; and in 

iess' tfaan^n tweIvemontli» tlr^ has 

thong^t proper to •baoiah'itseK 

.Thia Canning* w^s'oWoC' those 

who-m^mced our grsaW gra- 

eioua and glorious ^eeen with 

prosecution K she sfiould^darelo 

set her foot on English ground. 

He was one of those^ who for«» 
•2 r *Z . 

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T6^H£ Wu««E Bd^a. 


•bate her ^acome^ during, aa^l 
{mrt of bar lifot to Bnginnd.! 
jWhati^cif»iig»! Tt^e Que^ m 
m ED^landjEod Caiukinl^as^D^ 
«vay froiQ.itlvHe is '.nosr .in 
Mile* Ho jiaa no ^ bearoof^ 
ilfae {wpfiOMion^j to finuadenf- 
Jbingh.ttpQse, andr qf lalit the 
-oyi^v AUmerout' bi^seumatanees 
jukL iOvetata, ao well calculated to 
at^ighfion^to thejidaL 1 iifebdi I 
knew iFv!h<^ ihe ^&iaw sfvasL . I 
iwokild ^ead-liiii a capyiofuthe 
,"Pgep aldhe.Paars/' to anuise 
liiitt in hh .lnQor&iqf JolrtQde. I 
;»r.otild.-Aend iiim fteyoral other 
ihkigB, aad^partipalarLy herAfa^- 
Jesty's.gtactQas janswer^ to4be 
Afeclianics..of JLiondon and the 
fiailQr8qf,th^. Thames QhA 
^UblI a stab Ibeaei. mast give to 
aha heart of, tluA.eneftiy of trutb 
end pf hninan freedom 1 He^ it 
.was» ' as be contesest^ wtux was 
thepiindpal advberof herjifa- 
'^sty to qait the kingdom. J^ 
iiagrvt^heraxantioq wbenthci 
•Minifitry .s^t. x»ot the Mkn 
Ctoiftimission "? act aa her 
friend theni Did . he ,l$i «ber 
know of tbe reports , that were 
efarcnlated . Jtgpainst «her?. ^No : 
hnt he was one of tbeQiiniaters, 
^ho sent ,out a sticrei .commis- 
eion to bunt over Italy for evi- 
dence whereon to degrade, and 
destroy hipjr> I'bis caps th^ cll- 

ihax 44 hitcharadeVi Her«^# 
hlrveiiCkuMsinf in Ms tni0 la^ 
lours.) HdJwas (Oinr mostbltlar 
and noat. <aeftiVe ^ etemy v m^ 
how good abdlww aaored amiU 
then W oiii>oaose( He ad^^M^ 
her. ^ go '«broad> he^saysi be^ 
cause hesftif that '^factton^bai 
'^.marked jiier for > its awn*.^' 
Has he aactdded ihe .jnatter ? . JBj( 
/aUioA ; he . meant tbei^peoplei; 
the oppressed people '„ and they 
certainly had marked her iot 
their own ; rfor bef. Majesty waa 
,tlieii feUow^ Miffer^n His pro- 
j^>^ a?e,bo>ifeveri;allino?;vd0h 
fi^aAed. Tk^ people rbavo^MtW 
marked her as tbek own^ Ht 
^ hfe f^fiUon are de^^ated^ 
apd he xks^QT will again dam % 
shew his fac0 .befete, her. Hat 
jesty. This m^, aibliist^^BiQ^ 
h»Uy in. politic ;. a d^r ,<^^€iii 
ip dungeons, and .men .vKitboiU 
anps ; a swaggerer with a haw- 
dred thousand men at. jus bank» 
^lipka^ away upon .the .approach 
of dwger.. JHd he: Vfupr^^^ 4d 
the'. proseentiw {Of .^la^ Qoeeo^ 
why. then.did be not,:5tay ^ 
csmy through the pi^osedatiotttl 
Did he disapprove of. .the prpte^ 
cution ; why , thep did he not oi^se the proseoutkm-f 
There is jno po^ible ej^^coselor 
this man* He. is .plunged into 
difficimLies ([^lU ofvWbich he can 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


SEPTK^iBKH ^y 18^0. 


never extricate himself. He 
has lost the dignity Vhich our 
hatred threw around him ; and 
is become an objept of nothings 
but contempt. By keeping- out 
of England ^e may still live and 
eat and drink ^nd sleep; and 
there let him live. If ho has 
any feeling left it must be that 
which has been described as 
having been the portion of Lu- 
cifer. Let him have that feel- 
ing and let us laugh him tol 


You wil^ say that this is no 
laughii^g matter;- and^ in one 
sense it is not, but>. there are 
somp cirqumst^ces belonging 
^ this, description of person$ 
that.oi^ht to be m^de known ? 
Xhey ^re oajled volunteers,: mi 
rte , word . vplun^er. . means a 
mai^ .yrho serves without pay ; 
pr .else^ all the regular .soldiers 
arp volunteers, for they ej(iter 
th^ service withput bein§ forced. 
We are everlastingfly told, too, 
of,|tfae 4isintere6ted ^epvices.of 
^befe gallant gentlemen, a spe- 
cimen oX which services yoi} had , 
at Manc^e/ster on the 16th p^f 
^ugiist^ 1819, a day never to be 
forgptten, fliny more tbw? ,Sid- 
qcM^th's letter.of thapl^ to the 
Y^manry employed .upon.,tbait 
qto^l^o. What arev j^c real 

objects of embodying, and keep* 
ing lip this species, of troops, I 
need not lell you; you know 
very well what they i^re raise^ 
and kept up 'for. Yon kno^ 
very, vvell who they are and 
what they are ; but it is possi^ 
ble that you may not knPw that 
your labour helps to PA-Y these 
gay and gallant and disinterest- 
ed gentlemen. It in my duty, 
therefore, to Inform you, that 
these volunteer corps, or yeo^ 
manry cavalry, , stand with ^ 
sum against Jhem, in the army 
estimates ofthepre^sen't year, of 
169,500 pounds 13 shillings an^ 
10 pence ! A pretty round sum j 
Now mark, 17,^9 0I4 soldiers, 
pensioners, do not ^ceiyd «q 
trnich as thi^ by abo^tten thou* 
sand pounds. So you seCj, the^p 
volunteer gentlemen actually 
cost us n^ore money than }}4^ 
€:reat number of old soldierf, pX] 
of good character/ mind, w:ho 
have faithfhlly served in th^^ 
army I which has fought so mi^Qi; 
bloody battles. Take anothet 
view of the m.atter«..%The ypjiole 
body of our artitlerji, Mchicb U 
by fi^r the best cor(»» of .^bf 
kind that any nation has ev^t 
seen ; this whole body, men^ .0^ 
ficer^ and all, this coq)8 of ^u^ 
fine inen^ so full of skill, of gfj 
nius, of abiiity of all sorti^ thi% 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


To THE Weaver Boys. 


<orps that has the care, of so 
inany garrisons, and that has 
liad so innch to ''do in tlie de- 
Tending: the country and it's co- 
vloni^, and in the deciding: of 
lilniost every battle by iat)d; 
this eoips, cootaihlng such nn 
Immense mass of merif^ this 
M'hole <iorpfi, men, officers, and 
everything,, receives but Kttle 
/above oiieihirB more than these 
volunteer Veomaniry ^Cavalryl 
The whole of the Ibot guards, 
fiitie effective bh6alion9 of the' 
best soldiers that ever were 
l>roughtinto afield,iind almost 
every man of whom has heen 
^e^th<^r wounded, or wears a nie- 
' dal, on aiiicouiit of some memo- 
irfible service: The Whole of 
:*these battaKons, -all the officers, 
Wl the men, M^ihe cloathtng, 
iftvery' thing belonging to this 
.matchless IHile army :- stout 
ftnen ; picked ;ni6n ; .choice sol 
<ctiers;^ail th^se battafions of 
Guards, cost m sAly ffty-fdur 
fiowumd pounds - fi-year more 
than' the ¥edmanry Cavalry 
trodps,of ^vh^^p you saw a spe- 
cimen oh ^thc imh of August, 
fSf^; AH the Hbrse S^tdiow 
vfn the urm^; that k to say, two 
reginients of Utb Guards ; one 
iegiment of Horse Guards ; se- 
ven te^pmiaots' of Dragon 
finimfc ; t>Yo re^hnetits df Dra- 

goons ; twelve regiments of 
Light Dragoons ; making in tl.^ 
whole, twenty-four regiments 
of Horse Soldier, including 
horses, arms, furniture, cloath- 
ing, pay of officers, pay of men ; 
every thing taken together, do 
not cost three times as much as 
these bands of volunteer Yeo- 
manry Cavalry ! These are (kcta 
for you ; and let the flippant 
petit' maitre, Lord Palmerston, 
eontradict me it he can. The 
cost of these gentry, therefore, 
is no ladghing matter ; but, the 
ckeafmess of them ; their disin- 
terestedness is a thlh^ which 
we may amuse oursetves with. 
Recollect, too, that these Yeo- 
manry gentlemen are Reused 
from the horse iiuty: That yoa 
will perceive ttf wortt to Ihem 
ekch about jis mi^ch money every 
yearas would pay afoot gui^'- 
man for about J^yVtay^, aK&d 
.1 Mnagine that forty dftys is a Kt- 
tle more than any of these pi^^ 
pie spend i A milHaVy servFcfe 
You will noWknow ^omethti^ 
more ^bout these corp^ than ybu 
knewbfefore; We ar^ iklft tota» 
nor ne^ we csife, lA what hian- ' 
ner^^ moi&ey is g^ivetf tot^ 
YecMB^nry. W0 knbW 'tfait'^H 
comes out of our labour. "Vf^ 
kbow that if it were not ViM 
40Ut upon* them, those thWt ^%f 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


September ^, 18*20. 


the taxe& would not have so 
mach of tax to pay ; and that 
is all that we need kitow about 
the matter. Whether they re- 
ceive it ^ victuals, drink, laced- 
jaekets, or in jintd money, I care 
nbtaatraw. Iknow that they 
have it, and that is enoug-h fop 
me. For my part I confess, that 
I was (bol enougii to believe 
that they could not receive any 
money from us; and yet it 
seemiedslrafigfe that they should 
sally forth without receiving 
s^nethhig in some shape or 
other. In this state of doubt 
I resolved to look into the mat- 
ter« and tKe result was th%t 
which 1 have stated to you : so 
that now. when you see any of 
these gallant troops^ [^ray con- 
sider them aa bein^ in your 
fof ; and when you hear them 
preteA<yng to be public spirited 
and loyal gentlemen coming 
' ibrth purely for th^ public goiMl^ 
take the liberty to laugh as 
much as yon please. 

Yoii may remember that, 
some yeais^o, yeii were called 
forth by compulsion, to serve in 
coips called Local Militia. Those 
florps have been long* since 
iiisband<Mk We have almost 
jTorgolite^ them. They have 
Ba fxislsnet in any shape. 

There is • no taw ' for . camng* 
them out and renewing them . 
What, therefore, wiH be yoor 
jMirprise to hear, that we have 
90,4<^S^ pounds, a*ycar to pay to 
Adj^anfa of ^cal Militial 
There are, it seems, no le'&s 
than two hundred aiid eighty of 
these men, amounting to «an 
average of seven to a county, 
who are paid out of the public 
taxes, at the rate of four ehiK ' 
lings a-day each, or seventy- 
three pounds sterling a-year; 
so that they swallow; np ver/v 
nearly as much money as it 
takes to pay the pensions of 
three tk^uaand of our old^ «oZ* 
diersJ Many pf these Adjn* 
tajits have never seen a day's 
service in their lives4 and yet, - 
jn consequence of the few dftya - 
that, they were out exercisn^, 
er pretending to iaxerciae, or' 
imitating exercise, nc^ver going 
out of their own county ; for tins 
little trifli^notlik^ ofa aerylee,. 
tw<> hundred and eighty of them^ 
are. receiving as much money 
out of the' fcnits of the people's 
labour, as thQ whole of the ^n^ 
;»ioolof nearly three thousand of 
oor old sokliers, thegi^aterpart 
of whom have, perhaps, been 
wounded Jn i>attle I Think of 
this t Thi^ fact is of mom iiki- 
portancethan a thousand d^da- 

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To. THE Weavee Bots. 


niaiory hantpgues. Facts like 
thi^s^ sikk by us; and it has been 
a gjeat part pf my duty <ta com- 
i^upicate such facts /a you. As 
^pvcommuiucating^hem to those 
yfho had the power of-brio^i^g^ 
them .finrward, , apd proposing 
eorrection of abuses^ that I long 
tried in .vain. , Only think 9f 
thlBse Adjutants receiving seven: 
ty-tbree pounds a-year ea£h> 
lyith liberty to go* where they 
please, aod do what they please; 
while a subaltern officer in the 
army, who has probably e^ 
caped from death in twenty 
battles, is thrown upon half- 
pay with a less suih, and re- 
sirainedy at the same time^ 
from, following any trade where- 
by to .assist him in making out 
^ Hv^ng! Oniy think of this 
seventy-three pouqds a*year to 
each of these m^n, w^le thou- 
sands upon thousands^ of Mid- 
t^pmen in the Navy, who-, ibr 
years ^ve be^n ex^gaged in 
battles and all sorts of dangers, 
and have led lives ^ harder than 
tjiat of a dog, are turned, adrift, 
without a penny of compensa- 
tioi^ to beg, or to starve,, their 
1^ being. such as to render 
tl^fMu extremely inapt to take to 
:i^ pursuit discoiinected with 
^ the -sea I .. Is. it ^&<;^ion, as the 
reptiles oaU it;^i6^ ijt foetjon 

that, dictates ^bservatkuis like 
these; or ^ it a love of jus- 
tice and of humanity I These 
Local . HiliFtia Ac^taiOB ; these 
favoured pei^ooa are, you see, 
distributed about in the couo^ 
ties. It would 'l>e .curious ta 
ascertain what they were.bef6ise 
they became lAc^utants; whe 
got them their appointments ^ 
who they are rehUed to: in 
short, it is the duty of eve^ 
man, in every part of the ooun« 
try, to make such inquiries ; te 
keep these facts that 1 have 
stated in his mind; and to spread 
as widely as he can, the know^ 
ledge .of them, amongst his 
neighbours. In fiftot, it is tiie 
duty of every body^ who^sees a 
person with regard to wfaone 
manner of getting his livings 
no notoriety exists in the aeigb^ 
boufhood, tomakeenquiries how 
he gels his living. This is aeU 
ingup to the spirit of the law. 
The law i^qtriresr that Justicies oC 
the peace shiuild bring- men be- 
fore them and; wpmea too, who 
have ju^ visible means of getting 
their livings and make them 
give an Account of ^mselves. 
The kw, does not say that a 
poor man shall be sul]^t to t|iis 
law, and that a rich mw' sbUl 
not It extends to gfdlydressedL 
fellows, as well fellowft 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 


Septbmi^er 1^3, isaa. 



doihed in tag's ;. nor do€^ the 
Giteiiiii6tmnc^ of keepiiH? ^ ^^' 
riage and servants at all prohi^ 
bit the magistrate from making 
toeb inquiries.. When, in 1789, 
orOO, BuaifiB first used his pro- 
iUtut^ pen, in defence of the 
^d despotiam of Francev and, in 
ord^p to urgi& England' into a 
trar.with that cofmtry^ David 
WiruAMi, in a pamphlet pub* 
lished soon: afteFwardft, said, 
tbAt if he were a justice of peace 
for the county of Berks, he 
would actually have him taken 
dp, and make him give an ac- 
eonni of the manner in which 
Ire got ftis living. Mr. Williams 
' "iras perfectly right ; for the old 
Imck had no tfmble means of 
Hving; and, in a few years after, 
he wHsfastened upon the public 
for a pension of three thousand 
pomids a-year for his life, with 
remainder to his wife for fifteen 
btifidred' a-yeiir, if sh^^ should 
ontlive* him ; and, at the same 
thne he gbt ^ grani of £Afi60 
ifr-3fear to be paid to his exe- 
<!Qiorsr for five lives ; and the 
fket is; that tbis burthened na- 
tUm'has already paid more than 
seventy tbonsand pounds to this 
^n, Ms wife, and dxecutors, 
atod we aire still {laying two 
tkotissnd five hundred a-year to 
time cxectrtoTs; If Mr. Wil- 

liams had been a jastioe of peace 
of the eonnty of Berks, and bad 
had the old apostate 4aken np, 
bei would have foand him desft'^ 
tute of the means of honestly ob-* 
tainioga livelihood' ; and would 
havecommittedhim asavagrant> 
of course. All those who reside 
in the different parts of the 
county, whatever fig'ure they 
mty cut, ought to be suspected 
of living by impropfeir means, 
unless their proper meiins are 
subject of notoriety. The 
late Gamier, of Wickliam, 
used to be looked upon as 
a gr^at country 'squire, until I 
tdld the people' who he was,. 
and what he was, and how he 
got his money. This is the 
way to humble them. The 
'* Peep at the Peers" has done 
much ; but much more remains 
to be done. We must get to- 
gether the names of all those 
who live upon the taxes, if pos* 
sible; make a compile alpha-^ 
betical list of them; then find 
OQt their places of residence ; 
so that every man, in his own 
neighbourhood, may know what 
part of his showy neighbours 
are fed by his labour. In the 
present instance, 1 have been 
able to get at only the cost of 
the Local Militia Aciyutants. 
Another time, I will; if I cai^. 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


To THE W|tATER*a<Wrs. 


H^et at their naines> so that we 
may }iave tliem ported /Up and 
blroiifrhi kpino to the kfiowledfre 
f>f those who pa^ th^in. It 
»urely is not too much for i» to 
know who those ^re that live 
,upon oitr liBiboiuv 

We pay 114,88^ pounds in 
pensions to the widows oC of- 
licers of the arm). As itre* 
qitires that .the oiiicers should 
be killed in battle, or in actual 
service afiroad, this is a ^ sum 
towards which L should cheer- 
fiiUy contribute. > But, while vve 
pay pensions to the widows of 
con^missionod officers, is it jult 
that the widows of the men 
'should receive no pensions at 
all ? Upon^wliat ground, I should 
be glad to know, is this distinc- 
tion made? The soldier loosest 
a life as well as the ofllcer. His. 
widow is bereftofiierhusband'as 
well as the oflicer's widow,. Jl^r 
children are left des>titute as 
well as the , officer'sL childrett. 
And these officers.' re- 
ceive as much, in pensions, as 
about thirtee^i thqu^an^ ol4 sbl- 
dters receife in pensions.. This 
is a very curious ,faot ; and Ayell 
worthy of being.borne in mind. 
There appears to be no- reason 
why the poor man's wifeund 

children should not be* takes 
care of, as weU as the rich'maik's. 
k may be said that the «b4cMer's 
widowaad children may goto the 
workhouse; but the workhouse ia 
a different thing from a pension ; 
or, if it be not, why should not 
the officer's widow and ehilc^^n' 
ga to 'the workboufie ? But, aa 
we shall aU along find, the good 
things, afe kept for thoM! whfk . 
liave already enough. 


If we had a member of Fstk 
liament; if we had one, who 
would pot gabble for us, but*, 
who would work for us, tba- 
facts 1 am now about (estate i» 
you would 'have bejBo ct^oulatojt 
iQug enough ago* formciclyr 
the English Army, Navy, jkBd 
Artillery were, in consUeffabl^. 
part, supplied with, oomnus* 
sioned ofilcers from the eaoka, 
and. from amongst tbe>2^ble sea* 
men*' This practice was politio», 
as well as just It operated a» 
a great encouragement to.good 
behavioiir, trust-worthiness, . &* 
delity, and courage. . But, qf 
late-yeara, and particularly wiea 
the Duke of York lias been Com* 
mandor-in-Chief, and /since the 
elder Melville was put into tlie 
Admiralty, a new, and widely 
diS^rei^ system bas.prevailedr • 

Digitized by LjOOQiC ^ 


September %^i 19^19. 


Aoademiea and Colleges have 
been estobliihed for the purpose 
of breeding ap» and edacating, 
a pack of boys for iKe express 
purpose ; of making them com- 
missioned officers in; the /Army 
and Navy. and Artillery. An 
immense pile of buildings one of 
the moat grand and splendid in 
the .kingdom, has beea erected 
at aplace called^andburst, i)e- 
tWjeen Bagshot and Basingstoke, 
in the county of Surrey or of 
Berks, and at about 38 miles 
iron London. The spot was 
a barren heath ; it; has been in- 
ek>sed, elegantly laid out with 
]:daatatioiis» splendid coach roadiT 
and otherdecorations, extensive 
kitchen i^ardeas, porters' lodges 
and, all the Other concomitants 
^ of grandeur. • ^ In addHion, there 
is a long row of elegant mansion 
bouses* fit a distance ' from this 
magnifleevl' btiildiag. Each 
house has its separate commo- 
dious gaeden. The houses stand 
at forty 4>r fifty paces, from each 
other., Tbene is a terrace, in 
front, *and. other ttocaraboms 
common to themv ^U ; and the 
w^leareaUloelosed by.a fences 
t^ v^ilo«tk of Which convinces 
yoo.thi^ jtfee architect eared bo* 
tlang. abwt ibt expeoce. The 
fMt, aMofether, of this plae^, 
^$ probably been, a millien of 

money. It was erected under 
every possible disadvantage, aa 
to ^pence. A pond of watc^ 
has been made by excavation ; 
and a redoubt erected, that the 
" yotmg gentler^en " n»ay play 
iSX soldiers. In this,.place, there 
are, it seems, kept between ttyo 
and three hundred " gentlemen 
Cadets." They have aGoi^mor, 
a Lieutenant-Qo^-ernor, a&fiyor, 
fonr Captains of Companies, with 
jutant. Chaplain, l^ergeants, a 
band of njHisic, Drummers, Pi^ 
fers,. and a whole chovt d of pro- 
fessors and masters, with twenty- 
three men servants, four yromen 
servants,acook and three kitchen 
maids, two house-keepers, and 
a p<ircel of nurses, whether wet 
or dcyj is not stated. 
a goodly femily for the nation 
toke^t The Secretary at War 
gives us an account even of 
th^ir washing, . dowif to their 
very sheets, aikl of the repairing 
of thetr shoes. It is, in some 
respects, as much like the ac- 
count of our rhasterbf the work- 
house, at Bishop's Waltham» as 
any thing ihat I oversaw. ^Thls, 
you will observe, h the see^-bed 
for rear^g young o(R6ers to 
command those of the (Others, 
aon^, unctes end, btothers of us , 
radioab who happen to bcfcome 

Digitteed byCiiOOQlC 


To THE Weaver Boys. 


^oMier^; andpbs^rveitoo, that, 
if ihecoromU&ioned officers be 
^k«p. frpm tbi& ieed bed, there 
cufk, ,pf cpqrse, lio officers be 
lakep from the rank^i The 
ijkbove estabUsbment is called 
theRovAL Military Acadebwt . 
Thpre is another Royal Military 
A^cademy at Woolwifjb;' for the 
purpose of supplying the Artil- 
lery . with gentlemen officers. 
JJ^^e is another for instructing 
tb0 youogr offiie^rs of Engineers. 
And, at P<Ktsn><>uth, there is 
a Royal Naval Ck)llegie for the 
supplying of the iaavy ! , ^ 
. Now, JMackstone says, that, 
HiSogland; thajt> in this country 
pf, jFreedom, there, can be. no 
llMgec from ^ standing army ; 
{>eeause, sitys he, aiid 1 beg yon 
ivf ell. t0 attend to* tbi» beoaune : 
))e<9tMse ^j the ^iffkctr^, beifig 
/' U#n fror^iwfumBltf. .<nU, of 
'I the ma0^ of the eommuoity* 
y httYiag )>een^ educated in. tfae 
*' prineiplea of freedom, aindlbe 
** ifkfu having had the sattie sc^t 
f of. education, never can be 
'' supposed 4ikely tp. become tbe 
*' :instrttmants eof despotism ; or 
*' to twatbeir^ arm against the 
". ifee4oin^of their^cctofitry V'-^ 
What ;¥^iHild BUeksjtayto say if 
he were alive now* tl :ha«e not 
Blackstone before iM^ :at this 
moment. * I will not swear .to 

the words, hot 1 wiU to tbeseo^ 
timenU. And, if tliose seati^ 
ments b^ just, what is the nib^ 
tural and necessary cobolusion I 
\Yhy, it Is this: that, if the 
officers of an army be not taken 
promiscuously out ot the mass 
of the community ; but be indu- 
ed -up' from their intlEmc^ as uxiii-* 
tinct cast whoUy cut: off fromf 
gefieral society, habituated to 
implicit obedience to the Sove-^ 
teign, and tHose under him, they 
are. likely to become dungerous 
to public liberty. In truth, Hii 
against natdre to sitippose thai , 
such men, when they grow np 
to be Trien, can have ttnyiei^ 
ings m common with Ihepedplei 
They btb so complete^ eot p# 
from every sort df eoihiii«uoa«^ 
tion with the pebptei 4hey tHf 
nndec sueh rigid disdplin.^; itlia4 
it is impossible thstt ^e^r Ma 
havi^ any notiods te ^ebmDsM 
witb those tfa»t isre aftmt hi %hA 
bottBtry.' By tlie iHp^riifeti^ild^ 
ance of Magistnrtesr, Pdlioi&^lsejfe; 
horse and* fbot> Spi^a^' and^-bi'' 
temec% t&e Pies^ haib«t e^^my 
poor chanobp oven id towKiWtt 
viUages. . The l«»4<e^)[MM^%iidt 
pobUesmt,)' n^boie h^tm^^Wi 
pltMste' of fi^reati^esorii; ^a«e^ 4fi«( 
directly^ nwiev eonamd-i^i'^to 
tfaaipubUcatiomP4o b0 4md^ 
iheacihonses. .No ii4efr,v1^wfff 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


'SETtBatna 33, 1^2^' 


▼eofture to. sa)f, tktt rialnes .his 
Iksired, i.mll dftve tO; .tuffer thb 
Regislar to. lie exp<iB^ on, a 
MiielnJhit &>0M. .; What, ihesh, 
do yoii think must. be iKe feeeP 
doaitOf the Press in the Royai 
BGlittey Academies aad Col^ 
tbg«s 1 }^t one pubiiealion k 
t&ere ever seen ^jceept such es 
tbe-OdiwrnQr, Lieutenant-Go- 
veriior» or Htyor oliooses to' li- 
oence. Long ag^o the regimental 
mes8ei,bavef beeiuinitructed, as 
>|pellaB tlia ward-rooms on board 
tfcei ships ot war, .not to permit 
sifdtand such pubHcalions to be 
intisodiiced, and> if intfodaced, 
to banish them; Wlmt freedom 
of the Pne8s/then,.can you be- 
liere that the infiaats enjoy 
ia *tbe Royal Academies and 
Cdleges.. •; ^ 

*'Thu8, then^ yon i^e the seed 
beds, or nurseries which have 
been invented to supply, the 
'tttmy and navy with commis- 
ttoned officers. These pretty 
pupils are, of eoutse, not taken 
liom amongst the sons of the 
'f.biwer orderg.*' The fact is, 
lji«t tbey are Hie sons of the 
Aristocracy : - and, of persons 
itfbor have what- is, called irUer- 
ejtf. What that word interest 
m^ns, you know very well.-^ 
This is a aew, feature in- the 
EngKsh Military and Naval 

fovep.: TMe;WjSs j»ef6r!e» aao^t 
of ^oome^tion and intermixinreX 
A^yiQiing g^ntlemaa bcfsame/ta 
officer jn the Army or Na.vy# 
because he had a io-^te feriti^n 
He had, generally^ sometbupg 
of fortune besides. But noyr, 
he. has to be- nursed, washed, . 
shod, clad and f(^ at the public 
exp^nce, before he becomes 4n 
officer. Observe, he knows how 
to do nothing but be an officer. 
Tako' him from that- andheis 
the. moat helpless and destituttf 
oCereatures. Can these be man 
gined^a drealure : more dapeiMP. 
entthanithis? « , 

The Qommon. soldier <an, of 
course, hav^ nb ho^le of ev^ 
rising to be an* officer; add, as» 
to the Navy, 1 believe that, at- 
cording to positive regulatiian, 
no eomipon seaman can now be 
promoted to the rank of a 9om« 
missioned officer; \hougb, un» 
derthe old systeflEk, we had seve- 
raLvery excellent Adtnirals thai 
came from before ^he* mast.-^ 
However, itmay be ^aid,rtbata& 
soldiers and sailors now ^Ttotcn 
tl^, they enter into the Army 
and the Navy with .their eyes 
open ; and have^ therefor^, no^ 
reason to eoniplaki* B)xi, if 
the^ have |no reasbn tk> com-r 
plain, we have r for there is 
bomclhing eliie besides ihq polt»i 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 


T6 the' WtAVER Borar. 


tieal considerations, which be- 
longis to this sobject of Acade- 
Mies and (Alleges ; and that is, 
the expence, which, for the cur- 
rent year, is aa ander: 

l^oyol M nitiry Academy %t 
StioihtifHi - • * - 
- Rova! MUiUtry Academy 
atWOoiWlcb - - - 

Royal Naval Collf»ge at 
Portsinoutfi - - - • 

Instniction for young Gen- 
tlemen Ekigii^ecrs- - • 




,Thus, there is paid out of the 
* baes raised upon the peopksi at 
)arg9 this sum of aioney for 
ieacfaing, feeding, cloathiiig', 
lodging^, and nursing*, the sons 
of the nobility, parsons, and 
others of the " higher orders," 
in order duly to qualify these 
'g'entry to take command of 
those of the *' louier orders'* 
that may become soldiers and 
sailocs. If this be fair play the 
devil IB in it. t believe it to be 
tlie fitst instance of the kind in 
tlie world. We know very 
well that, by payings placemen, 
pensioners, sinecurists,grantees, 
and taxing* people ; we know 
very welt that by paying tliem 
immense suins of money, we do 
enable them to cloath, feed, 
lodg^, wash, mend, and teach 
their children ; but this is the 
first instance that I ever heard 
df, of a direet chiri^e being- 

made upon the' labouring cias^ 
ses, who are stigfroatieed by the- 
appeilatipn of " ihe tower or-* 
derB ;" this is the irst fnstaher 
thai 1 ever heard <tf, of the lower 
orders beiag taxed lor the psr^ 
pose of keeptag* at a.^ehool abd 
paying for the schooling, aodb 
other necessaries of the chil-** 
dren of the " higher ordtra^' 

If wo had a Member of Par* 
liament ! Oh, if we had but sn 
Member of Parliament, how- 
dear aU these matters would 
soon be made, in stating the; 
soma as above, you witi -observe- 
that there is the interest of the- 
mone} which alllhese buUding* 
have cost. They have not cost 
so little as a million efmoney^ 
The interest of that nji/hf ihoti^ 
sand pounds a year. Theses 
bofldings decay. Twenty years I 
purchase for a house is a goock 
priee. So that, the educatioiit 
of these pretty genUemea cadets 
does not cost us less than about: 
mnety thousand ti year t Boeonr 
of them go to the College mere- 
babies. 1 have seen some fittle 
pale looking ricketty things^ 
with their foraging caps on and. 
Q.R, in the front of theni^ who) 
ap|f>eared to me noi to^ be »o> 
high as to reach my Ibwer rib^ 
and who seemed as if they stood 
in need of- their mama mucb 

, Digitized by CjOOQIC 


BKPtEMBER '23, 18«), 


more iKtn of a drill serjeant 
Only thiok of rattling' such poor 
litUe creatures up in the nH>rD- 
iug, by the sound of the drum ! 
Duly think , of making* them 
march about in ranks anil iles 
and columus, . with their poor 
little bands down by the side of 
tbbir thighs, their he^s poked 
mp and thei^ little ieet flung* ont 
before thein ; ^ith a great big 
Serjeant in the front bawling 
•-eyes right!" and "eyes lea!" 
'' halt, wheel, halt, march!" 
and God knows what besides, 
wbife a cootagioQs belly-ache 
runs/through the ranks of ihe 
infantine army !. Some of them 
4iif of course ; for I see that 
they have doctors ; and Gil Bias 
says.-tliat when his master was 
ill, the 6ervants> who were very 
fond of their master, upon see- 
ing three physicians co^e into 
the bouse, feH violently to weep- 
ing and gave him up for dead. 
Now, our Ciesars go to the aca- 
demy, 1 t)elieve, at the sge of 
eight or ten years.. They can- 
not very well be fit foir com- 
manders before they get into 
their teens. Suppose, how- 
ever, that they reach eighteen, 
upon an average, belbre they 
get commandei^s of meii. They 
cost us about ^iOOl. a year a 
piece ; so thai, they ought to be 

pretty valuable ; since they must 
cost, uix>n an' average, about 
sixteen iiundred pountie per 
head ; that is to say, if, with 
good doctoring and good nurs-^ 
iiig, they reach their eighteenth 
year. But, there must be some 
casumlties, as they call it in tt.e 
army. No de&erlioiiSr of course ; 
but some deaths; and, in every 
case of death, there^s all our 
money gone I All our cloatl)- 
ing, all our food, all our wash- 
ing, lodging and shoe-mend- 
ing,, nursing and all: all is a 
sheer loss. So that, we. may 
fairly calculate, I think, that for 
every gentleman cadet that wa 
bring to maturity, we pay, first 
and last, rather more than two 
thousand pounds ! , These little 
gentlemen have masters of all 
sorts. Masters of French, mas- 
ters of German, nuuiters of land- 
scape drawing ; and^ what i^ 
truly curious, the naval cadets 
have^ dancing masters foiind 
jthem, at Qur expence, which the 
military cadets do not appear to 
have. So that^ we shall have# 
please God they live and do 
well, plenty of dancing Post- 
Captains and Admirals. Is not 
this a pretty w^y of spending 
our money ? And do we not real- 
ly live Underagoyeniment, that 
is th^ *' envy of surrounding na-i 

Digitiz'ed byCjOOQlC 


To THE Weaver Bovs. 


/' lions aod the- admiraiion <tf 

You have- bteen ftOfprized, I 
daore say, as i 'myself was, to see 
that ODiy . four or five wokneo 
bslong' to «be Sandhurst estab«- 
tishnenl, while there are twenty* 
three met^ servants*: But I be- 
liev^ thait the establisbmeoi in 
the Academy itself is purely 
male. The womt^n, I ihinlc, 
Uvein a detached department at 
a considerable distance, Except 
the ma^%e, perhaps, or in cases 
where the gentlemen cadets are 
very yoong* Under so moral a 
govecnmetit, ca^e is taken, of 
course, to suffer no females to 
approach that are not of vei^ 
considerable age. Indeed, when 
we reflect that tlris establish^ 
ment is under the controul of 
the Duke of York, we naturally 
anticipate the adoption of every 
precatiton calculated to insure 
the banishment qf every thing 
hostile to morals. The situation 
or the Academy is such as to 
preclude the possibility of the 
approach of any persons not 
expressly admitted. There is 
roll-call and parade, and go-to-' 
bed-torn, aiul every thing, just 
as An a barrack. So that, the 
place is, at once, an Academy, 
a monastery and a fortress; The 
youthi) take the order, if 1 may. 

40 express myself, at. tb^irenM 
trance. Tfaeydievoie-iheirviesseW 
wboUy andenlprelyto Ike aett 
vice ; and the distaaoe mX wbidt 
they are. placed fm^m all ttompt^ 
tion^produces^ I believe, a^sti^ike 
ooAformity to their vows tlMMi 
u^edto be obMrv6d by tbotfo 
rosy, gilled mooks thai Umt 
French did so w^l,lb kkko^ 
of ,th»iif convents. 

Thus, my friaids, 1 ki^m 
giyeu you mm^ aecpunt .of 
the new manner «of providlef^ 
tlie army a^ ibe liavy wtk 
commissioned offioera^* . li it. c 
matter that you did jsot . uodor^ 
s|and .before; and yet it:ifi^ 
'thji% very well vrorth iakhi^ 
the trouble to undersjtaDd^ ^^ 
the real object that oar rulers 
have had in view in makings 
these establishments jat such 
an enormous^ expen^, 1 shall 
offer no opinion ; for, though I 
know the object pretty weiU 1 
am quite certain that the ofajeei 
will not be effected. I aoi very 
sure that events will evacuate 
the academies before much tim«( 
has passed over our heads. KM 
the conclusion of the war, they 
were kept up upon anaigtt^ 
ment of this sort, aad I beg'-yod 
to notice the argument : It vt^wi 
said that, hatnng made Ihe 
e8tabUshpicn(8y they sur<^^ 

Digitizea by VjOOQIC 


Sfit^KMBKE 93^. hs^: 


oin^ H baise^ Dpi Tto i^ 


ir1WliryTlMlHTtl"riti itnu^iiwi 

iy »Mw< mivatami 4tM «iUh 

I'dfioora-^ experianoed ofiU 
\ */.:dffic«Bii Hm.WBni *tavbe 
ttairiojwd ;! arcH li«v<& a feiiook 
— amf h Wftiiitwm.'fer tweot^ 

mUiJUk ptl^ hamAho hmlf'-pay 
jMl^fttfriNli the'U»t oCnmisfaip- 
ami nre do^-ani act of jostictf 

f*if bionfiit in ^ tad 1r^:8a^e< 
l»Mraahae8plhe.#aipaiiae of ik« 
hal^pay at the ^ame time. iN» ! 
thoil i i t y iftaJtepwt>ejato4ivcg . «id 
iK)ijii>d«MtaDd tbk ; ««ida ilhoreh 
4m% t|i5yfi4Mwmi^ (to tam U6 
i^ llieHBjqfieiioft of keepiqg i]l)> 
boi4ied|& ttK raise, a fni»»b ^tovk 

Off planta &K 4bc /ii*rn)ti anA lid 
Dftigr-' 'ARefilhia^ ,wiMi?ahki 
§lari^< bini;laU hn jihe Ja«^ 
what a reprobate ^reftbh ; .^BjI 
airaMlitvHiac*' ^n^;. WwphfA^us 
lMl^.»usM4i4>bQp^yiip tkM 

y«!linftPt.»:!theo9: ftrr^crfiJIiitd 

rji4ipftottfceWorW4<|otq Vr'w) 
9i«r > ^ 4i;icb boA «ttavjn9 ^isoda 

as y64 wdi'JcpMfV^ |ADi^^ca>a^im| 
ki» M»t:, »to^\pot .: «i : w i*A*"*if . 
we attempted' wlM^t t^iey etilj^# 

tg. And, i4r wasinekt te VffpdsL* 
ftiWe to hi^e any ' ^Invg' ^ cto 
wiUi;af8oifiieiv witbolvt' c.tjiv^ 
io|^ *oii0fa setf . to this^ ehai^^- 
For ibataocieydtppes€^<Bco(p - 
ter to ask a soldier to ffo u< .- 
dUtnta-a/pot'joi h'evyumnib him, 
lUAd^tuppo^t^ faldier^tv>bd rt>- 

c^ baei^/toibe in hiii^Oftrd'^ifrM^ 
orijb&rcaelis. * jUrnarlislif ilwfiiriif 
ft^mvthilar ;r and ,(^i7<Mti Mt^^mmI 
iii> ]rafti.%<tt>tdui9^i(b«tolawi. 
mg^bthhtonffodvkii! mitii^ a 
soldiefl to>. tako a *poi of beer, 
t^oug^b that «^)€J- aiiiglii'^bae 

. Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


To THE Weatkr 6o¥«. 


hii: ton or Irs bi«other! Talk 
of l>RAcp^ bdetdl How oottld 
Draco, or any 4>tller lawyiv^er* 
inipass tbit T t ' 

> The smooth, precise, really 
very pretty cletk, conimonly 
imlled Lord Palindfitoti, who ii 
his Majeity^B Secretary at Wat) 
and who bas the luperiutendanM 
(very property) of the shjria, 
■hoeti cravats, and douts of the 
Academy alSsndhiir^t; this mee 
fenllcman told our faitlifhil re«> 
preieotativci in parliaments diir« 
bg^ the fkui chapter of the pre- 

»>eol<!ely n et c isi n y fer Vtm >(ee» 
pose of " keepimg the, mUuTM 
\firo1n having osiy eemmfunsMftmii 
wi$k the people.^' \^eii dooe> 
apt pupil of Old Georgia Bote ! 
Thou doest honeiH^ to the school 
ef Pitt and Dandy ! Thou act 
nghi worthy of being an asso<» 
ckte of Castlecea^h, BidiMoitth, 
JeDkin8on> an^l the Son of Mrs* 

Here you will see, my fnenda 
"Veaver Boys, is an open avowal 
of another >art of the general 
ikMifn. When we hhve com* 
plaaned of the expence of Bar- 
hwks, we have been wswered 
by one shuffle and another { and 
M|one time it was pretended thbl 
Barracks were necessary to pre- 
•erve the soldiers from being 

hurt by the wieked Ifa^diic^i 
We were l4iM timt diveltivyM 
Magitfiratek, .to sdndty pliMl} 
had 'mssto psessinj*: nppllealMl 
fodfiaiuaekk liHb(^ Mnlt4* iMr 
doubled ttm ittll ■ 
sotts^ave plain: ttm,tm 4 n* H i U M 
the peln>lay nM^ te'4mep»«Ms 
soUMmii awi^' kwm ika p a ii p t e ^ 
anil Itoifk: |ni mk hmf^^^U 
ennsw'ngvmt ssais ee^4nn' pvHPe 
moMiy Ul be MpisHM'iii^ W 
Mier the iMlnliMinff Ibuuiiitiieii 
IfagiMratM. BiltibirellWili * 
ways a shoffle ofibdw MK ^ 
elber lUI mm\ mA 1M^«to 
hnmbie htdnnonof f toH e ie^g t i 
hue told' ui in so ns^iy ik$f t 4 M i 
that the ol^eet ef Bfniadcv isr t* 
pievent tbe«Qldiera1iMl<hneiil|r 
any o^mmunicntien* weth: 'Ibn 
people. And thus iiMitmily 
the thing dono'wtaMi BladkMnn 
reprobated as iDeomj^tible-wMi 
the preaerygtioiieif i/km o isi lti t a -> 
tion of Bngland; ibutiotlM^ 
tbjS thing is miowed'to knen 
beendone npta^thnipeqr g^uMb 
wllieh Blaekstone stales in thi 
gi'eat objieolion to tile Mnt 

However, i«ie akrayi g^riubf 
driving the ibllof(» op liM tt 
comer ; by eompeMint thbns^ 
speak out ; by leaiingr* fitein nd 
subCerftige^ by stiidting 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC - 

Sj&f8lEkl9t:H.9l, JIW<K r 


vp ^l^ihe yfMfid in, Ihetr tme-j 
BaignK^An4<«f ^w^ to pi.titft 

tiM fMHMuaiteiioir/ the ioler^ 

«i4ii«r; llieHMre ri$ nfghtrJtmi 

>Mi 51^^ Aniir if 1 have * >f9om 

t|BMifiMnllr< AMtmmWjopd 

Um {Mmi dr.B(utiiliM^Mftd bit 
Oficeifi .baifiglibmdtrlingtM 

!llttil|»;i,{io(rr«iliioti iKi M} ttft 

tuiinetie^ of x\m AMw^r ftDd^ 
to do iiQUDur id t^t 9(111119!^ 
and malty loyal regimcjiL Ymh 
^ill atdi thut Mr^. Al^mffti 
Wood, in his L^lttff t« 4ilA 
Diiko, 0/ Rutland, ^hftn ft^ftti-j 
t>fe(ijr ^atniRcatit ftrid''hBfMK'l«nt< 
crfHirrvairoiW ; ancl |F0UMtli'fit}4 
lt»iii the Dtike, tboMf^^ls^ Ifevijiaiv 

bat of the iqiii^bhio^ liftd'ftedi|») 

Wtiat m Ibe rt'4 ftUite<,ar 

tiHi^ ttlpatM V' -wtt ^><liay -^iPipiil^ tU-my : i^imJ by array ltn«tai|j|fa4' 
tihiCifcllhfiraB apitd'Ol j^l^ the 1^«i-Ar«^V^ the jhig^UmiiwI^ 

9•^l^.d^:Im^1'W^faM'ihai: 1 hear a ^eat deal aadarutitiai 

tof749^oii|dd|loe<. ¥«» ii4tl find 

bcws flHMe taeaii^e it f^ >»^ W-^ 
^'»^^|4h»tr t » Qi ftt h ii^.oftthe 
<>iia^|MMlbic%(JftlUia'i«Ml^ iwi; 
ani4.^M A0^m0^ M^ oar %eft, 
tr«c»i«tiflatatii|afaint.{inmid, Int 

the jLitHhry, the liarraei^.lhll 
ireftoieHlaor UolB^mm^itht m^ 
gtmtntfl of Fodtl Whatik At{ 

ti00»la» whhbs, aaoMk ie4e»lioiiat 
oToifriSonB dod . Bi otMaai ^#dL 
niationt ooilpvsiMi^it, Mihbtmh 
gaM ioebntflvei aod'iwitliiceir 
gatd toitha Qweii;l>shatti|lB^> 
tend'to'g'iveabbpiaiQaB; tbte^h/ 

^atr^ dcM^abottt ' Iter* mUUr. 
B«i. taei iepc juoit TkntirfM^ 
okftndod u^pontpaWie Meatibaft 
^y Ma aEdTeiia«i^;i>Et.Yail''in* 
afiMe^ i^anhhii^ and iMp'r^o 
I^wa>-inenlinre^lVvtoMKili^ upu'wl 
Theld adVMMliea'-harairtiti^r 

^Uiadiiy, MUie:^Meeii. >Y€»u ^iH; vered,o^2aM,tlialaokiidia<i>u^t 
ia4 tliai «U thaa<a m^i^ liavii ivn 4r 1^ dcHhratei' - Thilt Ifanii^ 



Tiy'^Vfck WEAttit^tort. 


pdfMl^tfttf/ loir to b| «Mltliimft 

tMsir^tocte ^ tkeji6 iiHicfafam>' 
an«) tktoiWok bacM at tb« '<^ gm^ 

tfaii^^tlhrUiQV lo iHnrtmt^ the 
doolfite* : of MT'. ailvei<aiie9,j 
whiitiier o to iff 

iliUMiiit nir Hull 

MTitfft^oft t>ii^ ThKw recrattyj ^ %fe4)^ilv yM'^M^'liltfMjr 

loW m- tkat Om Horae S%Mien< 

JEJufi' llitw:giftrm« tkuffn! 

. 1!lpi|r!lim dtf»5W6ntt^ told Ui; 

tte| teifosi >of SoMiei^ hvyt 

lb# tame wHM re^ni to 

^heHero ofjke HMtr s ilid4» 

ijiiiiice of »itmPd^ MmaMfi 

fleotfhie -m, ym^^im'-mfmn «^ 
IboMhoxiMsIi Ifilay did;Mt 

srtfMMly'to jo whai^Nn^ are 
bhMui; Ib'^toiti fronr dbltig*^ 
4ifatitey«ib torbHMM ton«o<; 

apt^Mliir to» '(hiiik -fofi «Aem' ; 
aftJil iflry wb#d> to b^ flurt im»- 
dkJiiift,oo«lpoMd Indeed of ^r^; 
elni, %raiDft>heiltft;BonMr, |Mi; 

«|p# to ke^qpUed; dk>toaH Oift' |t|toy.|>ittef>MI t^m 
aapMitiei^meiitalatwettiacOfu: J4»44#iia4uMM*etUiiiitoi«a» 

tttfver (« the uiAefity d^^iei 
^Mhfiirgafito tfaeintttiNt^ 
log^ tfaiit«DUiqf«i;ai^^i4«tiiaJ^' 
ideBbetat^, «it^>Mrii Mnr mffk 
be;! 4>d<7oirMtriito*0iiiber4lme 
W{rmitmaiiyk>r tlietfbgiBleir l^ . 

•ke«Mfee#flrof«ra^tliltV#«|^ l^wwitft md ■ N g iui tai i of 4lli»* 

i(Ri«>ito4iti«^ e;^<ar <>i' tt^<at6f in | HiW toi^iftm rtB li^ j ^ j^ ^ 

<m ftK i to >» e iy.'<fiy^4 ffi'efkk^ 
toWaida^aiflBiH) fbr tottdli^ a^ 
^iitnee te^^thbilb . pedpt^ JdiSK^^ 

ftatm^ evtI'VMi tito8t4enie«iMr tl|ift|iNt»r¥ 
rtoii^iiiltor ft ^^ery t^. .9eyrV 
^ will, jlot^te)i thetl, Clirf^ipii1m ; >ioW, lfllifcb\ ' 
Ivlt^i ]F0« <M'ilrumpeC} inotv'/ifito^ 

saj^' iliat«rtdtoto 4ld^iM«ldri^ 
bemto liere ! : Vo^^mtM. hitrd^' 
B^ Alt tbay gave aft m^ptSk'^t 
tfaeir 6^iwrliaf d *>eei tf ed pHtoaee,^ 

ikegi^dul^tliy wm$ rMtOV tU# 

Digitized by LjOOQIC ^ 


fohlb^ni^tli^\gitiwxf9ilbti'', and 

alive, to be hanffedf Oh j ^^o ,! 
You will say that th«y ^ivere not 
robbed: that they were not bul- 

Med •m of their money to^ be 

*/ .:»:a .-'^- * *; i! v '- '■ : •> * - 
l^iVM to the Germans; that no* 

oi^ with a Bi^rficant 
look, that it WQuld be better for 
vum to gtve the tnaneif than not. 
By ;m meaas ; yod ^od I both 
niow 'ttiat notUn'g' of iliit sort 
took plac^; and that the gift 
of the ntopey was the perfectly 

j 4sei of bit wliliers! 
Weir, then, CorriiPtion; well 
t^n,t^ou diabolical hag- ! There 
mast .have been deiiberatioh 
h6fe. Om would imagine^ too, 
^£at it wottid require a pretty 
t^iifp ana lainute detailed deli* 

beration ; a good deal of slate* 

; ' ro -fjir "«' .'v^ V ' - .'' " 
meol^of hct and of reasoning ; 

- '..vM M» ' .* '.liJ -'. "^'••t' - »'■ 
Agoed deal «>f comidering and 

t» ■'•/ < ' U'l^* •<*»' <• ' ^''^' -f 

baianciii(^; a wondetfitl deal of 
oiseiission aod persuasion, before 
a sohuer could be induced vo- 
lantmly to /vmC for m dof, it 
b^ing notorious that with htm 
evsi^ day's pay is absolotelv 
l9 fttrnish e? en a very 

«toi^6ilM#te, ']t9^0( ' etr 

fnigil meal JdriJhat'd^. ' Wte/ 
then. oldhyp6»erllieid bai^'^lsiiNr 
wto^e«bM%oii <koitgVJ'<'t^ 
i, tM^htft^'r^rtill'oFlli^ 
d«lili^rMlali> Wtti 'flV'^iMkeHlMi 
condhand^r 'W^ tM^ "riffM^ 
atid'eventlli^ ^Vetrtn^lrthi^ 
Ihifr otg^n of executing; ^ ^i)^' 
;<rf«ie'i«eft !*> AirtkjrJ ihm, #Wf 

ch^tii^;' ^itainoiii^'^ ^d^tri^ili; 

Act: ilm^^^m'^^tH'W 

(^^ lU<i^^W^e^istt^''4r 
{fid 'ii^my Y^s^s:'. '^Xtf»^\fa^^t 

tiisiy , tt htt aUtioy^f ^t^ 

command cnf^^^'tMl 

No#; thou singaimay^'ol*^, 

Whkt is thti'Ubh) id^'^^i 

fa^e'^^f ,'if th^'sd^ie? i&^^ 

tay^n^raitit iK^i^H^^- 
tfr-v fi ! «.' ,^iO ni/llac:iTO'> 
cer were to oruer a* aokuer to 

shoot the King* ttye^ or t&e . 

Queen either ; it h true that 

tfie "oficer waoli be giiihy'et 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

h^piiltj. of hJgJj ]^^EM»an .||l4<o V 

^fififfWy ^fo^oJ^|c feet„..A0-. 

ffg^fi^ .^4^y9ur. (|^ctTiik% a^r house fpr an/uolawful P^ipOM ^ 


|(>ld ha^,^'thott i^^hipter i>f t})» 

I fU'J ':V''f •/*-.'? hi/<» /; ? r.J-V i*-j / 

SiMTl, tkod eniel old hMTidan, 
it rests with the soldier himself 
to .determine what comoiuidjs 

are lawfu) anpl what coma}ia|ds 

lin. .;:.' ■'...:.. J:, ••,v.;t.!tt>TrtT*ur 

are unlaw/iU. Ifthe soldier were 

.»;\ ' .,U , 1..' i';w' // Ji Iflil) .:«.'C'. 

commanded to kiU the Kinr; 

. . .' .w.A V'.i- -• M M 3 > V '*^ & ^X 
tp kill finy private citizen :. ta 

.: .'*J » :jV4i. .?./ ;>uju-vfi; Qttrn 

rob a hoMse : to break into V 

<|fllcit,poiM^QtJfjigja rfgtmfiiA 

Gorruplipn. Oh, . no ! if you 

pki^.ihe soldier is, in,his own 
.*T-^d ,»V- t"' "-i ^•'^ 'OCT 
person, answerable for tM the 

f«w.; ©«ir Aj ;» 'l*:!^.!. .: vi.'. 

acts which he commits iii vibla- 

or in short,^ to thieve, or to do 
any other act that was unlanr- 
fill ; it would be for him to..rA. 

' .•>»T .a 

on the subject; until, he haa^ 

V:iu^^ * eiTjp:.! i*Iimw R *«« 
considered i^d w^l wejehod^ 

whether the aet be nstht or 

wron£^ ; lawful or unlawful ; 

and how is this Work of think- 

:.'•.:.' '^miA titm-*\ .- 
in^f and considerimr to he eaf - 

ried on without ddtberaiion f 

Equally applicable is all Jthat 

1 have here said to bodies of sol- 

diers as well as to iodividual sol- 

,r»H '^'v tr.-l =i»o.' ^"".1 " Too 
diers. Whether it be a siii£4e sol- 

dier or whet!)er i| be a thousttati 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

s^Mien that compass the death 
of the King, Off the Qnfeeir/ 

' - ■ - ^ ' ■ {* ■ * , - 

liaT(ng ceteived the eom^ 

of time CM^nsI to me6h 

tit tlio purpose of . attac)dn|^, 

kilNogr, or imprisMliiiir ^ther 

tW pfeseotfiUa^ or the present 

<lnoeB ; ud» tf Ihejr were lo ad- 

dmieei«aly one single itep 

opoii ttos ' Wotd matdif b^iig 

epV0B,/eftry metfier'a lion of 

tbM».^WNild be guiit}' of high 

tfiMWi.i/Vel, tb0y must either 

ttl^^^O^y the mmjband; or 

i^fill^ Ut fhey the c((Nntamnd. 

Bbf^4l^)^iSiM^l)i^ftis^tbey m 

^sfiberate') ^ thei^thou ^mitfi 

M WI tii 4ir TOUT 4oetriMf The 
tfg^a^/^h$^p^ tUs alterour 
tH»; ^..d^Utefate, or t<y h^ 


1 (1Bit^«Mb4i,. mjr fitknda, thai 
a#Mfor9> ff^to Am mb^ of iis» 
4e:^ttsii ji»4n.<MMUH;y» to de^ 
liiNmLtfi ;, heoaiise liisy vaiy^ » 

mf0 fofupiMdit M^Hioh oMt im- 
t^fl4f vher^^ w^ Jife i^ no 
^U«g|pr qif ilhis' ^;. w^ bfive 

nobody to oommajid »&« If wo v 
vioiate tlie faiw we do it vf owr 
oaMsAeode; boftaadblier, if )iet 
pay no attention to the law,' 
which makes Um a soldi^c» aii< 
indeed, also to the oath wbick 
binds hiis in more immediale 
duty towards the King; if be 
pay no attention to this law, ht : 
may be itiduced, by the flom* 
fnaods of jotbers* to eommit evett . 
Uie crime of treason, for ^hieh- 
crime and fipr every other thei 
he oommits^ in [violation of thor 
^ws of the lai^d, he is lesponsi* 
ble in hi^ oym piroper poffon,^ 
ln>eref>re» in^teMl of soldiers. 
^JMisaessing no r^|^ to uMiber 
Hte, and earslaUy to deliberaljit^ 
too^ it is their bonnden 4^v 
Havinir pt^eed %Vk ^Mfter m\ 
jabir, and, 1 tnmt^adipt lifhl» 
il shaUsay no pofe nbejipi ^ 
iarmy at pif^ni, hM mus^y tl#> 
that I alwayf^ .hear v^ith yofgrt 
jgre^piun 9f ^i|sM^ f|i(i 
quarrels and>a|rffkyf between tl^, 
soldiefs fndihe peo)>le. Thei^ 
mjast have k^een a very anx^uft 
4esire to bav^ a i|iiarrei. wh^ 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

IH) OMS Wt:AXM.BaYs.- 

am* affray -oolild arise dut of a 
HifWiteo. ssMi^s smithing iM^^ 
(^h off a.fftyii tft Xeeds; A'toc^ 

>jmliterallf f thel/ippUt^^idi^ ^m^ ^^p^kwsr$:rM* J 

tibi^kidtod> ^ia pcfoplasoferom^ 

- codia8QlferHh«t'ciW8e4c^6uffei^ 8^f?fehjp<^ 

iv ftU their seotinaenU; ibatibsgr 
a^ trdie 'to eacb .other; . thut*^ 
^tt?y>tce! SaithW. tirfiheir ^^hi^i 

W^|viJfl4jbei.neopiec'^K^iTe«4 *;» 

F«f aGoiMMniighty^Wte**et us 
i*l^9(i^ii»el^\^hexiiri^^bns and 
bioi*\6Mi< morel jr>tfeb6fu»6^^ th6)* 
aK^ilil^fidW Ant^ «oats 4 -Let 
U|ffte*^r *b4«e4!4eta, «6Hfl4h^fm; 
a^pifitt thtffotj uSt thwf *them. 
TlW^^rfe 'd^Jftie bf the ^p^oplcf^ 
ii«i«i#babi>, 'w to J^€rt* revile- that! 

Igao^, 4Mt 4 9boul4 ^ met c^kftvtb 
lilf^Alo 1^ 4»»e<t n ^f. PicN!iMi%f 

^'•^«dtc^;'!' br' :tcKi|j«^e«'^ifi 
brickwb«tsr/thro(WD-ai mfffMriii 
bjtl*etetere; ^Hojlt Yall nilMW^ 
Uha^kh te &feeC^4li^^«8^ 
ItraotalatoBini^ r«^ed>t)1«i^^" 

a«tta»?'*«fei^"«te^ ih3iff U«t^^*tiiv^*4lteer«i%'*iite^ 
^ ^iwi* JBt»fe^ If^nii^f;' [corrected edition wi^MWtcMto' 

^^4^' cbiht^bi^Hi! A ^Tc^b^ ja*eliii&'^Of ^MetfdlrtfJ^r^'littd J 
^W^^^j^irwh«t"s<ridfei^' iroV^^^ eiifliestly teg^ of you t<> 
f kH<f^v.{fiWt!fe/ 111'* grebferoasj adot)t ihjr example in YhiS ft«- 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


■eBlMniWBRH %,w1g<20. 


causes merely accidWuil,' '^», 
^VMi^d wrtkccmteola*i*&l<MiirIdif' 

Ni»el»ber>iYb*^ ^ bate ^id here. 
I}iii not -flDafet^foc; oeeasienii't^ 

%l)esoin ito^OMOa of tbe JBol- 
•dib^ . .They. Juavoi^hndju) bad 

ifti%»>llMM^ ttotip(i^f»y.<tfiMike« 
have much more thoughM^l 
)m4A«H^ tl^r KkpHMemi^ 

{j^^pfMQB a SpWw; witfe<^wi*y 

^MieMMtfMOTotoMtbv^ iigflit 
yl^t)itiM^aiB^f du( atf»^&« 

Hg^lilhigs betti^sen dOil^ sildfers 

MceMity of Uvingr . ttT>6n 'tlite 
moi^t kind aiid fri^MM^ tettrii 
frith yomr bfethrtif ^f thJ^'a^my 
«id the naM^y/ iVft^e^ ifctW 
f&etw; bdt/ on* ^his' contrary, 
«eek %nd oa^efiilly cultivate ah 

pve account of quarrels and of 

to t^rcotirae /vritb * them* . ift Ad 
occasions for' eommimrn^ wiC& 
ihetn oa all mamn^ of ^blic 
int^test. Furiush4hem|49rf>(i}ift 
oui to themt Uieb %im^^irs 
aad. cither pnblik^ttkms as ^oft' 
deem calculated firmly to !hl^ 
ptooldn ihiir>mitidy ai«tlb«ei tad 
1^ ^)eai^ i^eaaa;^ tab,/ of llMifF idhf^ 
i(|icv)BMiltbfiir HbvnirysaaA tbair 
Kkig/ii {ii.alMit;icohddorf ihka 

and treat them as Wtfii^iff ^& 

\^t yoiii^mtAufaineQaslup may 

be ardent, steady, durab)e> and 

gaf/;Wy. epf)^ > ,tfiQ,.[fe«ve<4 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

To THE WHAVEk tk>Y%. 


JIA fn»<nr^OiiiHirn^ni, ^fj the ^uUiDn^ be^ ieAy#4d h4>pi 

4iyct,lin^ semeT^lnatks OQ tMr fmit.^y^ 

4f#r , tBmp^f^Me^, shiU W Tlie Pfq» into, M» i^tmgMm 

.r,J1i%< :^r<Wf% IHile, prtblte 

T09r^ bus bedB tri^ at the Mid- 
(ll^ifip 86aKi4>m, for pioimil- 
ffat9^ » hilnd-biH, ceiatia^ to 
1iN^rQlieea,< and ealHn^ upon 
^i#|0Op2ari#!laTeaiKt ekerish 
pur bmv0 soldiers. Uedefend- 
^AbrnMUanfiimi tmo lawyers ; 
^pd jiH ho^^ joriyr ae^tlMl 

{.,:Th& Hmvoluneof Cobteet's 
fMlmentaryBahil^s ifr €<mii* 
4Mi»4( aai^ wfH be rohjij^ 4br 
iflli^. btwid in hMida/ by^«a^ 
'Hf*^Jf.!|eat,. :,.. "■'. ,,,. 
A sacond an^ /cpr^ectej| e^pli^tiai^ 
of ibe " Peap at tba ¥etn" is 
DOW oasaief.' pric^ fburpaaee. 
^era haTJng' been more time 
40 da th^ Work, ttis edition is 
betlNriiiftefM tb«a tba iirst^ftf 
the sloveiay execation df which 

by aay body,, except, i aboM 
in4 oaurag« toandertakeit niy* 
arit It is the ^ttiag of tl# 
ituAeiiato that <ooBiiiltftas tba 
greatest difficulty. . A plaa *>r 
dolagr this wlir ' prbbalHy ba 
povatedayl in tb« 1»e»t Raip^ 
ter.> '- '^ • ■:!'.:' ■ ; ., 

' Thtt-li^tite-^yi.*^!!.*^*^ 
Haua^ is to bo a' fmnpia^ 
tjfetf *piW5^Mo thtf^ » f^'ii 
tto PisefB V* bat Ibaa^ only wM 
actually have hinit^d^ out -a 

li^ w. J4a9| pf tbaJi^fHr tbpt| 
vmi bn pAifonnad^biifiiia .tbia 
ivaik *i)ltem«ple^< Hovt 
ever, it •Mi»t4ilickaii0^ilM4a%i| 

Qoeeo, has been jgfnmoplr 
Ideaasd to oNUft, ibatr Urii^veV 


Digitized by VjOOQiC 


'^Smm^nKi'i*^ i^w. 


' n le fp 1 1 o w i ag CQTte »poii flejioe 
has passed upon the abovie sob- 
Je<ft, We think it our duty to 

.UVil before the public, thutthe 
viSKly character oC ALdermftn 

. Wo^d maj be appreciated as it 
^le^rves. The oUi^r letters ^re 
beneatli commenl : — 

•]'.-) • V ' I . LBleetUr^ Aug. 97, 

fif ^"tti^^'feeiee^t^r Ite^finient of 

MlWtW;^! "^e^eflt the favour of 

..y6a'iQ:wHd me the names of 

tK^twcilfklfv'iduals wfa6se signa* 

IfBIVii^^i^}^ %6 the AMreMh pMr- 

l96^tii^ 1^6^ the Add^s^of the 

niViihed't^^he re^ifik^t to the 

< Qil^o^andliflo;tb-meiiftM^n fityih 

whoflfr'yoil' tteceiVed' it; ahd b 

wWfei fIVMis ptes^te^.' I asl 

. Jhea^vqtiMftlQiw^' ^a^^ it ^appears 

' that the priva(0# (9ir,Ae re§^ 

^ DMNitaiever. ejsji. heard of the 

Addrpsft dttOUff the. time they 

yiW^tf^\M,\M I observe 

, WW%M^tr|j^ da^premiiB 

Ifb {heif disttrissitL ; "* 

^^l9lAH4V*M^rkoI^^ with 
^Mir^J^tl^.of Ike .96||i^ireqttest^ 
^NT n^ t« 8^ yott tfack Jiames «f 
rt > ft>tW< ^ ii»iitiipba>:swba>araigv 
Mtomt. ^9fi^m to , the .Address 
lM<rt]if##*fr!io a[|i», i^qiottiag^ t6 
\M»: W> jMdPM* from the. PriMat^i 
9C.ilht.<JRh0{iM&t^vnder- your 
M9ltni|lKl ; .alaoiiOjriwHiito from 
m^SIf^ k t^tjtivfiA/^t^ and l^T 

wthMnifMias pffea«a«e4; i^d I 
siKMild iipdoubtedly at puce tfive ' 
you ^ iofbrination dmredi 
wf^i^4 D^ ^idiftsed to \^ff»^ 
from ^^ .p^icularity land frarn^ 
pf ypWt>)a9f|tioiiiQg^tl>attbf Ad^ 
dreA9 is coosklered b^ tfie.fjkipi* 
maodaat& of tliie Leica^r MUir 
tm pf 4# infpfpp«^ (iilMmVtft\ 
an^ thi^t:3oqM prpeefd^ iwy 
be iii,^Dt#mplatiw agiiijiis^ t^ 
iqdivj^MHU of tli^: jaagmmjt by 
whom the Addre^ wa^ tsjignedt 
l(pl|rj9m^tiD^ ta assign ^^ uK 
tin^ eb>Pti9f tb^enqcHry^ ipr* 
ti0esrmp ip this tnppofitipn ;;ai|d 
I shall not thecefoija S^ n^jttolf 
at Uberly te s^d ypu l^^niKfivea 
pi;^|iarM^wM)ioiii,tbf^? pre^ 
viops c!^^coit^««, ^\m it ap^ 
pearofd fiiaf, Kb^ Ad4r«#s was not 
iplm49d»b)' tbft Prmptuft^ .tha 
Biegim^ to h^veii^iaeiiprepGrat^ 
^4D»terM|^ty. If; the Ad. 
dre^, purpofftinjT .t^ |)p ,ini A^jU 
d9i^ froBd 4bf )mv«ileft«of ywm 
I(4^ii9n$9P(t^ ^i«fs„uot,Vin,' truths 
anUiariMd by \k^m^ I sfeaU not 
1^ fpUDd bptckMifvd te exposing 

m^i anxipus.|pg:iT€^.yeii:aH tb» 

tte Bfepi^t, Jhd^^^TQIi I aPWII 
decrin^^doi9i^mD|)0'ilwi i^fer- 
iMT yP^ ^ the %lieMlnMiO<Hr» 
li^^, iilforal«€t UriMijdia. 
p^t(obe4 byf the Qaoem of the 
Iteriment: to fopTtifs t||e ^Mitts 
orfMPfe!ivatesrof the Iieiceater 
Mtfi^ in fa^i^ur of herMn^ty^ 
from whom I should api^rehmd 
yj^p wW be aUetooMmnBiw^ 
more satisfactory jnftti— ttim 
thf^n it is Sn my pOiwer to.irive. 

T ramMn Ilin . ^ 

\>ur obi»diMl stirimt. 

Digitized by C:iOOQ IC , 




'-♦^iSi R -^Hft >4rig^ Weri t*<^ *f ^tr 

' t'\-i^H4»ri^<i^ between iDUl-seK 
njur^tli^^ 4.ieufenariN€iii«&'neJ of 
til ^ f i t^ et?,^ N*rs h i n^ K tHi-ii ri t" ( J t Of 
MUitfit, I fell it nrflTtiibonl Hjjofi 
liif* , 1 1 s; i t ?f tVf 1 o n e 1 , to hi Ibrtrt y o tl, 
tisut tftp i^^fncition?! piutoyou by 
O&tbW^wtJM? wefB not' asked 
\^\H km vi**w of' piijteediii|r 
aj*:*!n^^Hhose ^ mtn Whoifi Vou 
rills: hi mam*, as hnVing' sfg^iied 
tht? A^dr^.<!S to the Queen, pu p- 
|H^]^f4tijf to'he from the Pnvfttt^s 
of ilmt Kt'^iment. I ftih liot 
^ Wtif^ of an y frrcvcemi i t ! ir* t ha I 
f (?Hfl( be iristi tuted ag^airwl ilmtit : 
rel^tittv^mit: i^er H had be^ii 
Miiisfaeicn^ify fljit^rlaioed, thfti 
tTi** TsYO m^!«*s whn*h ir m un- 
1 ' r h M k1 ' wepc? alona #uhscrtbi^cf 
to Ute ildfdi^S were afflxcnl t6 
ir,^ithtlullthe knowtet^frof the 
mA themielvi u^ ^ ht iiidii MnM^ 

tiil»onitf ^ar^eiy <3u record, «rid 
il»(* Hc^^fJlioh '^f ii wi+^ due i\\ 

Siflfce ^& Wf«^^¥Mt*t, eiiWiflSit 

<i*^tlpttl^ht^^'M*Vwf, to wliow*' 4t 

H l^iniM J All ^ ^bh/^e^1 f 'fM^i(M((^4n 

which ii<>%v I iij^iiin cxfTor, of ttii^ 
4ir^m*^ ifM the' ^ exposure (ff tho 

'>Vci^iifrvr<^tiiBt yotir Wtc^al' 
lttd#s to 4M J^pomd should of 
tte,fiiiiiiiin» 9m»mi of h*t Maj t s- 
lir %ficrn # I4ip KliiiNt n din^ ^ of t i i e 

llmt parUcLilkV p6lut;T have re^ 
eeived from my Quarter ^^master ; 

in wiiidi tlie real cireuai^tances 
that Occurred ujjOit tliat bcc&^ioi^ 
vitt ftdly detail ^dJ , it b n^til 
that 1 ^IiduLd add, thsit ill^fe^ 
sign i Hg" n et^ptii aje at t h i iJ mo - - 
juetit ma'kuig' trie ilaokl activd 
exert loq's to entrap some oY tfie 
pnvateis To to a l^te avowal of 
their sanction oil' the Addre&sV irt 
the teoth of the positive iih- 
avowal >fj]icli ^4^ fij^Ji^Laiifi^ ,ije- . 
d^aively ,g'LVf[i a ij@vy,4^y^^°^ 
by 4i0 pflvate^j tQ tl^e noQrfi^fi^ 

roynd fur t^ pLirpoaeipf ^c^rf 
t^iiiig tt^ feai btaie oi^ti^^ .<^>3>f^ 
Niid ^YtOf^jrom ac^t*;ptjV:iW7 
ciittistariue*! w^re iiii^l^"jM>/Sf4 
U^c rt ii^^tHler 9f ih^m^n. ^^^j^^ 
, . 1 jia^e, tJifi J^Qi3o.ui", &,<?,, \n ,, 

: CoL LstcestdrfhIrsJUstetlll 
Ta^ld^fiAv&ti Wood, #^l 

". . , -w ■\U I. * * I- . ; .-ni ;*< '^ t 

to litkfTbwled^-^; . t%,. FP^I^ipl si 
yoii^ Gjrftce^'i letter of tha ^it 
insf, , aud ]oit no tiriie in ^ein^ 
the Se^^ant-Major, and a^n 
hiq\x\ nng frdlh h tut th» ' ptrti cti- 
lara of what .look place in the 
dnU-field the evening before the 
n-s. i *^ ent ^^ rftsi a n d ed . 1 1 w asi 
tho' ciiiMMf Mnl1|f the-^^l^od 
of tTEkiiiiig', lbr<the tft^ 1:0 foil 
in at Hiieir' coitipaiiie& private 
parad«i hotti^riiorQiii^ and even^ 
ifig, when they wot* ina^eln^ 
hy tlzoir rofifKLlittre iio\i^eDtitn'i«^ 
iiooed^efti d# nr to t he ' Mtl -fie Id J 
• /llur ebinpart»f^ ll»#^ii)ti^h^ 
let tilHi&r«tit imrt^ of thii^ D^rd. 
B«d lh€ orders hail' been r^fttl to 

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. . iJpt&FTEM^B^.tl, iSWi >■ : J 


lli^pijp when the scrjeaut-fnajor 

calledJor the &arjeanlfc^ ta col- 

1^ \lmt tmyotts^j ducyig %bj& 

tiine four or five men iu plmii 

e|(ii|ies j o i ned i n coiii? ©rsaimn 

willx.^ro^ ^f ^he gfenmliarbi 

&ad N c>- 1 - CO m jiaij y* O*** ***^ 

lh«u|i. Baid, *'Conie, my lads, 

givfr, us three cheer* Vor the 

Qu^eUt hnd' sai(jj now^** when 

tii*o of the j^reoadiers and one 

of No. L f^oinpanv pwUed oH' 

their caps aiid cli43i?rcd, aini tiot 

thorn than eig'ht or niue seemed 

t^ take any notice of iU /Ou 

'fceifi^ ihia, he immediately M\ 

yiem iHp and, the town&i^n 

' slfJaUo^d away. Short ty aCicf- 

^ards 1 arrived, lA'hen the ^pr- 

'Jeajit- major re|>Qrted to me ^ bat 

bad ^0 ceo r red. I i)lam("d,: h«i; 

for not aar^criiiimjiij tJjij^ii; jf li^^MS* 

. and. resid,eiH'4J^ . ■ ; i ,-'•.'■ r i ,m v *' i 

». Alderman Wocwi WM^it huve 

] lie&ii mmio formed retiptctin^ the 

iprjea D t- raajo r be i n^^ Mi u t hy 

fbo ofiieera to repre^ii tbje <houi« 

ir the men J as there were no 

[ officers preseat The adjtilaiit 

] md myself ooly^atk^uded ,the 

I drill, (atid tie was dining out 

' Jihat day) Colonel Hube thinli- 

p^ the meu wovdd come ou 

Eqch faster under the sorjoiiUts. 
1 they became perfect >viLh 
the firoloclc. The day the ti$s;\- 
men I wan dishy nded tliefe w»is 
uo piiradc e^tcept by compauips 
to g-ive ip their &Tim and ao 

' coutrements at - the nrng-a/.i^ie, 
I commenced taking theoi in at 
§i 3^ o'clock in the monwng^, tw© 
companies attending every honr 
tin the whole were rerehed, 
and [io men conH cbt/drtct thern- 

■ sohids ffio^t |Sr6per1y tiian tlFey 
did duHiip: the Uixm I was re- 
ceiving thcjn. 

i tui ve '* liefof / 1 statedi 'lb 
yoitr Grace itifttttboKiBefll'w^ 
marehed rr[)toi'>lhBiilfitlvfi^lftl> 
rade», moriiiiigtaBdielrewijii;*^! 
the dnU-Jitld/^Biid«niitiMs a/t/i^ 

whole roi^iment asseinbled in 
the n]£ir%e¥/^^iv MlMMtM 
(MctTs of dotrh»4rtJi'jii1wiiitmitt 
took potitVfltiifth^ CKMlipgife^. 
The 7.«ifit«ar.V€A^0nMfelor 
Ihb week haiing etaled' k dieal 
more than isiUoe^ I iia^ieLiiiEtllen 
tlie liberie «of 'ftMAwiaidfMp'dne 
^r your O^aof^Si^rdbal^Md^m 
verV ^oiry i6>t^e.lUfti^Vt^lAVr 
imli hH\Q if4bmm6 tAie^dt^ of 
a $.et ord«si|9l^)D|r'mMY^iu'i(i >^rith 

and l^fwito^ aBd)perha{fi«biine 
letl^ oliiei9^ii?^ni naoMeA ihe 

private^ h0^ut^oMuut';io^ikuy 
5jueh tt}iMng-:'liscfi p ' A d4 » S b>^ tf' ^^ 

" '• 1 haVcHfie hb'o^>:ie?/,;'^' 

Mccatef.^Scpi. 3, . I8v?0^ 

We, t be ' f in^terKi^wsd ^ noti- 
cestcrsUire Kegjiraent of jHiiitlMr, 
do herehyd^olarev ihif^-^^mn^ 
tho j'dUi traiAinjT. ^fr tfa^h-mfni^ 
mei^L we oe^TCfr aiia»y^-)ti*u^ 
heard o\' an- iateniion, ^mv^km 
part ot' iho pri.v.ate,^U)rrf^iiMiN^ 
an AddreHS' to^tJie* QieoQ^taind 
that, sincesan Addfeivithafiihiife^ 
preheated, to ihpr MlljestyniVHl 
i\}piT he half, .fwef ha%if»».«uwi 
the men,TOsidQi»lJit «iiaii«e9ti^, 
and thQ,.difftftf#iiV h;j4j|i<|tejij'ib 
Uk* coujity; 4o^the »nniiltx«tj«#f 
4W, all or.whOJnpwitiWly^^i^- 
avowed any knowled^?of rtiK'b 
Add^e•»^. or that tbe samt) yt^^ 
ever ^een, heard, or read by 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


LElCHkttii MllvltfA AbJbllts*. 


them, or- ever gnSfe any sfcnc- 
tion/thnpetei And we fclitlief 
^••elaie, thft if wi AcMrem hM 
bee» n eeatenplMioii dertng' 
tlie^ tMitiingv tlK? Mliilb mtMl 
beire4)eriu$ to oiir iKii<y#led^, 

f e o ^ ieWi Afmer^W. Wlwattet. 

^«9«lMitev#Thoii lebneii, Oe6. 
Hi§rbten, Jv!tHittdil», Qeo; 
Jojmaon, W.l^wi^ J. Jeny, 
ie. Da%doa..-rh. Joaoe, 1%. 
Uoges, J. HicktngJMrtlom, J. 
h^LtnfyJ^, Ihreli^ iU fi&lifey^ 

Wefcten, I.S«illey, T. SIMii 
W. BiAl>0|>, J. Waldfo«, Je; 
Mi^fie, N. Cox, J. Wekerley; 
J. NewtoD/ J. Bnukhft^; IUk 
Adeock, £. WUttiiigliafai. 

Jihummur^'^'^ Norton,' J'fios. 
War^len, Wm. Asher, Wm. 
Newoomb, C. ihnghUm, W. 
Ha», J. Bmwm. 

My Lout), — In tfnswer to 
yoar letter of the 5th inst., I 
bave irst lo observe on the ex- 
tcaordinary eircnmnance tbat an 
AMreM fnom the privates of a 
Tefiment to th^ir lawful and 
iwrseettted Queen, should be 
^deemed by their Colonel an in- 
wilt to the honour df th6 reg-i- 
ment This idea, if it have 
no other mtm, has at least 
that fjrf novelty. The soldier 
doea indeed liisnine the military 
gBih,^bvn, in'eheeifuiry perlbrm- 
iB|r Mb part of the duty of a 
^ good subject, he docs not ft»r-, 
feit hij> civil rigrhts, much less 

dees he for fell thfe rig* fcf pf e^it: 
cruising: hh judgment, ttitd df. 
Actings agreeably to Ilk feelJA^t 
t^ a ni^it. ^ 

l^hal th^ m^n had ^ rig^ht' W 
expre^is ihmr altachmeitt to hH' 
Majesty, and their aboff^ce of 
the treatment that ^hehad expe- 
rteiic4*ci, 1 linow fiiil well ^ 
am convincati IJi^L the AddreM 
contained the real sentiments of 
thiij regimcirt ; md I know that 
M wws a-rci?able to her M^u*tv* , 
to receive the same. - f , 

^ As to the uiquiries said id 
have been made of the nteW 
fndividitftllv. and reported bv 
the 8erjeaDt-major, Adjutaiii, 
and QjTtL^ier-matiter, I nm tm 
%e!l ftt^iiainted with the nature 
of the powers of snch permui 
over the men, to pay the small- 
e«t*ttemion to siteh report*, " 
Tne aebomtt MrhicTi yott'are 
pleased tor' g^ive fee of dfe%i^ 

to entfaji soine of the ^va^ 
ibto art avowal of the Add^^; 
ii^dtiees me t6 infbtiii wiif LoWN 
shfp that I* have thjS ttornJrt** . 
reiiived kh ,Addri«s sigiied W 
300 of the pri\'ates, adeomj^niea 
wth a Idtter, stating tliaC il 
maeh largrer number woold 
have signed it, if they fcoofd 
have obtained the Address ai . 
their residence. 

By ohe t^iieiCipn, bo^ev^l 
I am consoled/ and that is, thai 
the private i6ldier has at \^ 
come t6 be cohsidere^ ^ k 
being ^hose fcclinj^s and'wfcJWi • 
ar^ worthy of attentioti. 

1 have: ,the ^lenour ^^ ;)tfoc ' 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


SMT-EjftEii n, 1»«0. 



" SiRy-rlliUve to aqknowledfi^ 
the t^a^ipt of your lettef of. the 
^tb iiistaikt Witk fespect to 
the^ Address whieh you »t^ti^ 
«jroiit#eVrtdh^'e received on thait 
iday; lifiMed bv $00 pritaties of 
Ihe 1boied!itUMjfire regiment cif 
MUHHk ' ( iWeH resiinent, ft 
thottld te '^niaricocC htt be^h 
\dttenito<)ied moi^ thtiD weeV«) 
tt is'ih^Ikr that It shoiifd have 
iBeed iho^fty^it bebessary to bb- 
tain idAtidnal si^atures to an 
Address wbi^ch th^e w#eks since^ 
ou ^iMfshMI* t6 theVorld as 
ia\'ftl||'i»robeededfiK)fn th^^hole 
Df the pMVates of the re^ment. 
K ir Mjpbfl^rble that a tnbre 
^triUtt; prefftmription can be U^^ 
IbMed to the |)tkMcof the truih 
of iM^ifMrge df ifrdsi >hd ii)X 
tenoiifa'^li^tlon and'^orgerpr 
Srhich attiiclies to the Address 
preseft^ by yon to bef^ iKi^esty 
t>n the iTth of Aognst, than the 
iikcts, that the Address which 
pnrpoAs Hoi be ftfom ** the Pri- 
vates of the Xeicestershire Kegi- 
ment'*' bad, ifccofdfng to yop 
own adnafssion, only twonani^ 
aabscribed, and that, except by 
the tw6 persons whose names 
were so subscribed, the Address 
l)Ad never been seen or heard 
ot As to the additional sig^na- 
tares, to which you appear to 
attach' so much 'importance, i 
will duly transcribe a sentence 
in the letter Which I yesterday 
receiTod from my Adjutant, 
dated 'on the 6th instant: — '' I 
have this morning been informed 
Uiat an Address to the Queen, 
wilh upwards of ^KK) signaCQres, 
was yesterday forwardi^ ; but 
1 have no doubt, were it possi- 
ble to see the \hi of the iiftmcs, 

it wohld be foutid tlMt mkuy tlHf 
ditwn wbe never did'belMfl# 
th(e reffimei\t, otbertareaiftkei^ 
with Uie decked/ assent ot thu 
parties, and some hti^^ lieeH 
obiathied by. feke t c ^t eio m tt^ 
Honsf,'^ There i^ nothing in thid 
remainhigp l^arti^ of yoitf 'h^kif 
which appettrsf t6' jH^ iJb te^iiih$ 
any comnHent or ir^ljr. ' '.'^>' « 

I have theilio«i«)ur.tQb§« ^^'f 
;^r obedient humble serva^tM./ 

ToAlOcniuuiWo^d* ^ ^ . 

T^the Bdiicf qf the ltic$9l€^^ \ 

• ' , . ^ ' ' 'Cknitdefe. . , . ,^^. 

Sir, — ^Per^ivtiif,' by' tli^* 
C^rtfT of Monday last, Him Ins 
Crac^ tbe Duke of Ratftoki^iail 
labours tO'faave it believed Ulat 
the Address froohtheLcSoeBtsiff^ 
thire Militia to ^fae 4k»ihn vtm 
febricated ; and alio that <2iiar^ 
ter-^aster DeakSti' says, ^' With 
the exception of Xitfy, N^ittU^, 
and Brooks, and perhaps^ a few 
others, the privates knew no- 
thing of the Address/' we beg 
you will allow us to state, thai 
300 of the, private^, having seen 
the Address, which w^ signed 
by deputy, contradicted by Co- 
lonel Hulse, and' Quartern-mas- 
ter Deakins, declared they had 
a full knowledge of it when it 
was agreed to, and, to. prove 
this, signed their names to 
another copy of the kame, Ad- 
dress, and wished it to be pre- 
sented lb the Queen fer he> 
satisfaction. This was accord- 
ingly done, and smce that time 
num^ crs of privates, who were 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


LBlc:i(|TI^|t )bUT(r^ A,P9K£S9. 

eut at UarveU wi^rk, i^aiftf 

aUa. Tha DiiV*.' of Hull 

«ndi Ute Adjutant furtl er vUh i| ' poMliyc {ii*:fc\owiil oj^'t^^ Ai^ 

|p bt belio:v 0(1 thnt the iwo^ 
I^QSQ of rneti beloiig-itig^ to t^a 

ftjgtEiiciit. To this poiat, liow*' tfie^ were ,uutt(pf%tp,«ct* the u - 

«iv«ii s^'o are r«ady and wii^ag' 

ml &ny limp l^mak^, mi iiffidftvU, 

if required; and we liave no ob- 

jMboA to acc^&lnp*n^^ a nim-cofn- 

tnttlit^fied oflioL>r, to scp everv 

in^;who sigfntsd tb^ AddtE^^s, to 

forged. Now, with respect to 
I he nieu shootiug' in Ibe ti«fld, 
Quart er-master Deakrns nssertn 
thai there were only three men 
whosT^onted: lliiii Mr. DcUlati^ 
mnstkitovv to %c void t>f triUh. 
, 3,'bc fact is, \^\^ tlie^icii.,w?i:e 
all marched into the field t aud 
hroke up ■ for balf an hour a» 

received I Mr ord*rf^- Thiii bii: 
Mtg-^dj^i^^fdaio^t ^11 tW]invatt«| 

ifvUi^^h i^roatly eot;ii^d , Ibo Set* ^ 
J4?^ui- major*, .i^bo i^nmedii^tci^ ^ 
prdered ill^ druiu t<» bi^at, ti> 

fafi JO, wbicb ev*iry iwaii dkl. 

^hu Ouk€ i)lat4\Sj tJj^l the iwnj- 
co a> ni i ^ioii^d ^o Oi uc^i'sif ub liu u t' u ii 

drains from tbiir buudfcd und 
twenVy of the pr i \ Ale§, ioiil h nt . 
from ac4^dvi>i^l iit*<,'yiji^tiin<;t:s. 

^h^% Uj the Ln!i4j^^il^' ri'Utrh ^i«r 
trict alojit- . u I J ! M 111 rt> - 1\^ 

ques^iori; and that ai Oadby* 
SecjA^cuU *]cLly aud ^^iJriiQra^ 
^|i^U/.$'iW. onlj^ tbrtje oiiL 41 f 
twelve^ tUaugfh it^e jj^iriH ■i>r i\\\ 
wore sot dow^ las LU>Livuv>.i^^ 
t Jie ^M ro^- Coii*ciou:J of; b n\ - 
lu^AapO'OUt duly *- •• «',^'--^ 
an w^ll, as tj.ov. ^ 
riMiiii, Scc^ Tlwiiyij' *>uii 
yii^ groolt€&p iohn Co ■ 
chiir4 A>\vtOtt, >y m. LiU 
Langton^ John Atkui; 

.: t.' • ^ . . .: « J!. 

::.:.! ... ..,• •■. • - 

>v.' I III ».">»i ] . ; 

o, r-^rrj,,' •• .*: ; i , 

JUscvte , *J 'wirya fi. ^ViHJiL WiW 
H<^t^«ikTn,,Jo]^iu KfaU, MicbM0 
Bill ill ETb, Tho^. Wl^i PoW 
riirkt' r ^ J uaics J[on n son , Jf ih a 

'•t ■ .•..»/•> .J'-.I} i.:-: « 'Iff'-- ».^'« • 
' • • A • '} .1 ■ ■••'•• • - . . .7./' 

• ' i . • ' . . »■' . ' • : ' /*;. 

i! * I I '--- *.«s«' '. I 1''' * • • '.' *. .» 


Price Sixpence H^lfpenh^^'ihlUcft^ ' V* » -• 

Digrtized by CjOOQIC , 






I h*i'^ 

1. \2I. ic?/ar to Parsqn Cunningluim xif Ha^Tow, on his insfi^ , 
Imt Publitatu^n respecting her Mqjesty^ the Quetfn ^md^m^ , 
t^ coMMtci of ^ P<ers(mB in general, 
, fl. 4 ^Aiter to Lard Ptdmerstan, on his insdlent Obserpqj^^ 
r^fknive to 4ke keeping o/^U Soldierir disiimt f^o^ ,ib$, 

t/th^jJKinfs Maritime Exploits. 
-4 i>ivers.Subje^s. . , ^». 



' '" *•' •-; TO . 


f '.' * ' ■ - • . • 

j^ .♦: ■ 
Hs insolent Publ%eation re- 
^ *^tn^ ' her Majesty, the 
itiuems and jo$i the Conduct 
.efjtia Parsonjs tk general. 

\' ' ' ' 
J London, Sept.'^, 1620. 


Well as yeiiliave been be- 
ibomred by othefs ; sbund as 
*8 hoeii tlie lashing which they 
lAve laid iAx your levereiki 

shouldei»4 hedtcA aM bwScrtod 
M you Imve be«D; you miisi 
not be suffered to get off yet.; 
yon have f^vfid, ten^^ry 
ebastte^menl ; bfH k b^tong^ to 
me to give yon wicli as shajji 
stick by'jou for fifq, ' . \, , ., * 
It is, for t^OTeasoDS^'Oeees^ 
sary to state th^ history of youjr 
insojeiuje and turpitqf}e: Ai«t, 
^bat all whoi. shall mid thift 
Letter may' Se6 clearly the 
grounds upon which H procee4&; 
and^ sftooQd, Ibu ypu may 
have no occattoo (o eomp}ahi%df 
misquoting^, pr of misrepi^gent. 
in^. I shall, y^refore, first of 
all, insert, ^t full Jeiig*th> yoiir 
Letter to Mii Whitbie^d. iVII 
2 H 

J^riatod and jMd>U|hed 1^ W.Bbkbow, «^, Strwd, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


To Parson CcTNNiNHGAsr. 


thf world yviVL sty, that jou 
ar^ ua WOT thy of soch particu- 
lar BOitioe ; buUtyoa are oiie of a 
lorg^ ftwrfy wttchfera principiii 
eomponent part of the System, 
^od it is a* ft sample of that body 
th<rt yod are deemed worthy of 
fcxpoWe.* for the parpose of" 
saving time aod space, 1 shall 
Aoaiber yout pdhigraphs trwn 
onrtatfce cn'rf* 

** 1. Sir, — As a freeholder of 
•* the. great couuty which you 
** represent — as an individual 
*'JoF whese- voie and a se i s tan e e 
" in the county yon have more 
^ Ch«B Once been pleased to* ex- 

V .pfpsa a desirer-'and as ^e mi- 
*Vnister of a pjjrlah bordering 
•*■ upon that on which you arc, 
•' pr&bably, at -this f moment in- 
f* fUctiag the imh^QI^ of which 

V this letter h designed to com- 
" plain ; 1 take the liberty, 
" however reluctantly, of ad- 
>'' dressing it to yon. 

" % I have seen, with a mix- 
** tore of regret and indignation, 
^"^ a placard pasled over many of - 
''the walls in the ncighbbur-| 
." hood, announcing that youj 
'' were to take the chair at a 
** meeting on Paddington- 
" green, summoned to collect 
•• and convey. the condolence, 
" sympathy and approbation of 
'*thc^ (females of tiie vicinity to 
" ttie^Qnecm, and to take into 
iV oopsideration the . im estiga- 
*' tfon now pending .ip Pi^rlia- 

•* 3. Now, Sir, my an?(iety for 
'*- the interests of good morals 

in general, and|es|>ecif Rm for 

those of my own parish (a 

" part of which fe fitinost'SWe 

' to be drawn witMn the vor*- 

' iex of this pubttcmeettng) ; 

* an apprehension of the multi- 

' plication of such meetings \. 

*' and Lest other men of .c^arac* 

*' tcr should bo tempted tOpre- 

" side over thefm ;-;^^l, «these 

** motive! constrain. me* thpngh 

** with much pain to my owa, 

v mind, thu» to address you. 

'' 4. I.wf8h,4hen, to talte the> 
" liberty of asking, what h^ne- 
"yflyou conceive jiktjly to bo 
" -couterred on individuals^ oro'a 
the state,, oifv the cause of le- 
'' gitimate freedom or of sound, 
raorub, hy the co nvent io n of 
such an assembly ? 
^ 5. Considerate* plain cir- 
cumstance! of the case, £8 il^ 
^'stands at the present -mo- 
** ment 

" 6. The Queen is/ioiimked 
'* firovcd' to be guilty of acul- 
** tsirous intercourse with ler 
*' menial servant; but she is w- 
" lemnly charged by the Mirit- 
" iers of the Crevi^'n-^^ body of 
"men acquitted tyen by tteir 
" en^tales of perjury or critd' 
" fy— and by a comiwTttee of 
" Peers^ ineUiding ^several ^a- 
" tiiiguished individiuiU polit- 
" cally opposed to tho«e MInif* 
" ters, of crimes of the ino4 
'' gross and detesti^.l€^, |i^tur» 
•* And this charge is supportel 
" ky the testhtteny of ^u in- 
*^ mense bod^ of wiAnessos, ^ 
" yet unconvicted, and, accorc- 
" ing to the persuasion of thoi. 
** sands of impartial persons, ni 
" likely to be convicted, of pe^ 
^' jury.' 

** 7. What then, I repeat tb 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


SETTBIfSi:^ M? IMO4 1 


V quesjboo. isUbe^^pod liki^y to 
''.jresiili fffOiBk such a ftM^tbg I 
..,/' 9< I& U yo«f ot^e^t to i^tn- 
«'rftd(ile..lA«tUM«i9»? Surely DO 
*' tfiifmmiMMimmk itall before 
,'.* jaiUAed'pf her ioaoiaeDQe Ibe*- 
ff icaaA^.jrQtii with a imr geRtle^ 
''.B^*jv\ribo xan react aiui.iiv«/r, 
''•aiMiMm^ of both sexesiwho 
<<. ldifink^'fr<Hii : atl s^eh' a^iisfo* 
** eraiieal ^tdncUansi ihitik 
'(/ projiier io «»ort Urin speeches 
'* OS ; shq^ts upoA PadcliDgtan- 
' greeo.' 

th%\v wiVet brn'dMgHUR^/cfi* 
f^ the ^ves audi dt^glrtsrs- of 
'' others/ io tmnfpet forth th^ 
' praisea of «i¥M>m«n Mrho<ni2iy, 
f.hiirithiDiai«i^«(b,<llo!pr«Mt C6 
' haw vibiated M Ibo oetmison 
*'^doeiioiesM:liti§l * '^ • 

'^\«what i .'vaoiM twurt of 1(11 sos- 
M ^etitto be> ihe«'t€«ftfigyM(r^ 
*' self .permantnlly a$ pepriL 
**.$mtaHve'fQr the ^oiMty of 
" Atiddit^mi- Aaetii mm^^ olr 

pmbrfod vfaaHld-be neithtff ai!k 

" 9. Is your obiect to a(arm if^iibooiir borijbQnlbrit''to' "th6 

*' theTIvuse of Peers into a'de-J^* SariDMn* - :'v/ 'K»Mi ;'^ '*• — ' 

f* oii^M Ii»?0nra6l^' to her Ma^ 
*^iwrty^ Bat.sur^^ «rj you 
<< know too jpuch of the hi^h 
*' ^piniof your coufttrym'en, and 
*' espeetally.of4haf noble houiie, 
V to belieiw thilt they, win 8ir<^ 
f rej^der..i^; Umig> to terr9r 
*f which they refuse to ifgU' 
^'tiienf. Of' generosity, or ho^ 
r?:iieia'.' * t-.-"* : •-' 

** rid of the AJint^tersi f But 
^M^ha< man/ hi his sen's^i Will 
** not prefer what is called th^ 
f'\l^nm^v^'M tN JliA»teff4~ 
f' tpat is. of |lien of sen^e ai>d 
" honour—to tli^ worst of du 
*• ^ttwwtwv thut' of. the fa6b, 
'*HHifteff* whMi doANtioh it U 
*' the na^u^^^^i;idency of they 
" fheetiiig^^^io place us f 
/•^ll. fy'yoti)^ design t6 gra^ 
.^4ify\iik9fditiegi wOh which 
"^ <wf>.„l^t \kOW 4i«fetent 
f' aline have most of the leliders 
*'of that bodv pursued id parfia- 
^*memt*l Have they, sabstltttted 
^* §\^mQ9j[ ^ pf^fiso^iii^-^tieait^ 
" the admitted familinrtties of 
'* the Queen with her courier as 
"* Kght ofltjnce-^^-called on 

^ 'SilS. Bat, ^, it3fOu4ive«ii* 
<« dble to >in«trtiiie mi'im the «€f- 

'yoii #111 ipe^tM>6.«1toW>in'<^ 
f MeAjr'to ttate^Mi^M'HftK 

"'etH&b^ >•- '»'.'* '-^ i* ' '^^^^' '* 
'* 14i. In.tbiSii¥it .)ilaeil;^)^ 
are encouraffing*'*i'any;^w»hd 
!' I^lsinfy necfd'liQiatM&h-^encbu- 
'"rrageme^t; W iMuH' aM* Wu- 
«' ihioe yo^ JMm0ik9(l m' 'i 

"*n€«w. ■ ^ - -> •'* . V." " 
^ Id. In. the im^flA6e,you 
^'^ tife briii|^i0glm/ir ^OkrrNt^J^A'o 
f A«g*««l ooti#< 4^/|;'«itlica<^^ei tn 
f'ikeitmA^ *^i ///*^' "■'''^' 
<< 16. Yoy«Mwbf M#iHg'K^ht 
'' Jaames im giross'O&n^e^/^ii^ 
'' ping H4ie TOiy' fMlttdUibnot 
'* morals^' »•• ' •''• ■' '^ *' ' 

t' 17< Vooare, witAllfiieif»«difim 
•* ifa yoortmwlhi' Hiifft^t ^Vinr 
^' Man 19 to ti>e Otic^M ^hlAo- 
'"^eaiit tift lie. k jMJot^d to^^be 
i^gliiUif/ttvealitig ad th^ >#!(- 
^Meses agtAnfrti' th^'C^e^d'as 
"f' liars, though- as W. i^ei^n- 
f^vitied df falscfhood ; and all 
" the ministers of the crown as 
** base and prodigatc ^Jonaipira- 

Digitized by CjOOQiC 


To PARi^N CiminvctrAM. 


^Stow^ AotM^lkeir honour knd 
^Uhummi^ have never 6ten 
^* ^ eatled ini9 jfue^iipn. 
,. vff 18. You ace.bolcbng oai its 
/< a ited#l io tbr teualet of this 
,'f 4^w4ryaliikidiVidiial,ofwliosc 
" moral furitf .ytu. c^mnol liur 
'VtffMartem; t#m# doti6< ,•: and 
V wnoiqyouwb«U«ot0roid&Iy 
'\ suffer 4t ^mothpvi dau|»hlpr, 
'' WW, or siffter, ta visit. . 

^<> ''19* Yott;are,\ finally, ch^- 
r.rishincr in thfi miodiof many 
'*' untfai^iogp iMi^> umdncated 
*' pecsona . « apirit of radioaUbn^ 
*' -i— a spirit of which the ele- 
'^«6«ts< aroi the rq/ecM^^of 
'i Soriptmrey and. a wnlUmjA of 
**.4Miiilu iMiiMi^m of yeur 
^'fCcnuOry/ and ^ wkick the 
'f mp^, 'twUe99 mfwted hf. a 
'* merciful' Providence, mast be 
ff aiif^K,/aAetslii,.'hndi itn»- 
" V0rsal n«in... 

" io. You, Sir, will not, I 
" tbipk, be Buffioif n|iy nnganer^^ 
*''oas pr uiyitti to say, in answer 
'< toaRthi^thatlam ' ackr- 
" gjfmanr, and have nothing- to 
'' 4o mth 4Hek 9^hjtiA8j Bat 
"Mothers may urge this objee* 
'* tion. To them, therefore', I 
'' would say, in eoncUurioti, that 
*' tfak is not a question of mere 
\' polities, .but of moials, of de- 
^' Clancy, ajnd of religiM^-Haqiies- 
** tion involving, in my judg- 
''.mout, HILtlie deeeneiei; vir- 
" tves, and <;0mfott8 of public 
*' apd domestie Kfe. tTbis.teief 
" Jetter is, infant, nothing. mere 
*' than a practioal conuntinton! 
" the .dootriiie^ fwhicb, aa. a 
" dairyman, I am ' reqai^d, 
*' on the higpfaest authority, to 
" preach from l^unday tp Sjin>- 
" day, 'JFaar Qp^'-W. HfiMur 

f^ Ok King\-^ VnetettnlfHefi^, 
" lei iinoiie once nmvedammig 
" you,' The clergy are the con- 
f'stituted ' guaipdums hf mo^ 
" rmU' in the aeantry : efnd now, 
" if ever, they are called upon 
**to 'stand in the breach/ and 
" endea^roorto ^ star the plague' 
'' o4poUUeai€marekf9mdm»rdl 
'^ )MMalf0fi.*4 am, i Sits you^ 
'F obedient Servant, - ^^'^'" 

. •* J. W. OuNNiifcrH^Air. 
^•HkrroK^6n^tiie'tiUi;8tpt. 14* * 

' ,The first ^ye^ paragraphs qoh* 
tain aalatement of yomr ms riner , 
or,' ratlTer, pretenee», for iaitr<^ 
meddling upon this occasioit; 
forgiving ms a spe^men (^ 
wMck we stood ilk no 4ieed>4r 
what .tf ' ** ineddlNng ftieiff*- 
r/^^ny , can do ; '; aid,,.tbereft»i> 
upon these paragraphs! sAnJI 
onlr6bsefvtf, tbat.thfcy taJetreljf 
serve to., <)evelope,.y))pr ^^gpor 
cfiey. . .' . - u .■ ■' 

In the 9iiftK 70U enter ihii- 
toiatter, and in thje very f|rst- 
seiU^nce^ you ana gmlt> of jmw 
impudefU WMltoUfdfiUaiA^^. 
You S8^, that t^ Qiteen i^ 
charged " by. the Mipisters. of 
f* the Gtowii, A body of mMr, 
*' acquitted^ everi by ifuir ene^ 
" mieSf of poijury or crueUp." 
What 40' you. meap» Paraon^ 
'Wfiat had'tte erieo^ hdrel 
However, you me^ us touur 
ders^nd,,tbaij.ev€$, the ^n»|^ 

Digitized by CjOOQiC 


Sm^SMliZtL ^0, HiOf 


o( tbd Minbtei's htLVB acquitted 
Xkpm o(. " ffrjury aind of eru- 
dtyJ\ As tO'pfrjar;> it is, a 
sp^cifie cri^e^ I^QQ> tl^ 
l&ws ; and, il^ tivini^ter* haye 
not b^ea arrived f^r;peiJ«Ty. 
It i^. ppsfiWe^ that tb^y nev^r 
tH»y h€^ A,t aay. ri^te tbey have 
»P^1^/ be^tt arraign^ fpr peir- 
jory ; and, therefore, ijL in a false- 
hood tf>say, that they ha^ve been 
ocfWMl^olp^jury. They have 
not i^pear^d y^t hi the, Qfaairac- 
ter of7ti?^?i^ft^t. Wilh perjury 
they have not been ohs^rged,; 
aiMJi, ifaei!efbre of peiyucy l^^y 
hMre Dot been acqjait*ed. Thla, 
thien)fbi«i ia felsehood the 6r$t. 
/Aitocm^y, hawev^, that 
is awiher master. Wiiii cruel- 
ty Hm^ Aof^e been changed, and 
qpM BBiany ocoaipaw, ^. You 
iQay nxrt call H cruelty to have 
|noi(5mted the Hn-mao of Ply- 
nnatb*ftir tendering Addtngion 
mmey to give the lln-t^an a 
iMace; to Aae aad imprUon this 
iMii; te produce bis death and 
to hang hb wi% and ianily to 
b^gajy ; while, in a very short 
tipm aOerwafds, the trafficking 
Ub ptiie3/wbea brought home 
l« ptaons in higjb life, mas 
urM^'Pasiied over, and viaited 
wiii*iio sort of punisbment! 
Y^B^qiay^ont. call ihis crtfelty; 
b«ur<i4t itiitnelty, accon^panied 

with the grqssest l\ypocrI*y, and 
exhibited in its most detestable, 
fbrftis. You may not call . it cru- 
elty ; a PMreon ,raay not pall,,it 
cruelty, tq do any of those . 
things, ''of whjjph Rfr. Finner- 
ty> in the najtnp and on tl^e behalf 
of his iiyuf/ed country, accused 
Cafi.Uer|sagti^ and for accpsiog 
hiqn of lyhich^Mr. Finn^l^ w,^ 
shut up in jail for eigbteeix 
months, lo^ed ^ith, the curses . 
o^ the bad and ^ blessingii of 
the good, 'the peopl<^_of* this 
country will never forget the 
n^entorious conduct of Mr. jfin- 
nerly iipon that occasion- X^e.* 
s^nten^Efe of imprisonment^ did 
not remave the charges h^ had 
vufd^. A Parson niajf not 
think it cruelty tq treit a man 
as Mr, Finner^ was treated in 
the jail of Lincoln. A Parson 
may think it by no meatus cruel 
to shut the people of Irelapd up 
in their houses (rom suip-set to 
sun-rise ; to punish them with 
transportation for disobedience; 
and to transport them too wiih*^^ 
out trial hjf j^ry. 4 Parspn 
ipfiy. not think \i cruelty to seize 
on gre^t numbers of men; to 
dr^ th^m out of thejr beds by 
uifiTl^t ) to load them with irons ; 
to hurry the|ti away to distant 
jails ; to pu^ feloqs dresses upon 
thou); toctit^bem off from aU 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


To Parson CufmtNGHAM. 


communication ^ith friends, ra- 
lations, wives and children ; to 
open all the. letters Ui them and 
from them; to suffer, them to 
speak to no one, except in the 
presence of a jailor, and through 
ttDO grAtings at manp feet from 
each other; to keep them in 
this horrid state for nearly 
twelve months; and then to 
turn them out with broken con- 
stitutions, without a penny in 
their pockets, to find their vray 
home to their beggared and 
starving feimilie? ; and, all thb 
fer no crhne at all, and without 
beipg-atr^gned or being suffer*- 
ei to know what crime was 
laid to their charge or who had 
be^n theit accusers: even in 
this series of acts, a Parson may 
be able to discover nothing par- 
taking of cruelty. Riley, ons 
of these memorable victims, un- 
able to indure with patience 
liis separation from bis family, 
and all the other suflbrings be- 
longing to his situation, put .an 
end to hia existence in bis dun- 
geon ; )k thing at which you, I 
dare say, would chuckle, or, at 
least, would be ready to sweat 
that the catastrophe was not 
produced by cruelty! Mr. Og- 
DBN, a Very old and very wor- 
thy man, was amongst these 
victims. Dragging from bis home^ 

loading with irons, tossing and 
buffetting about, produced a rup-^ 
ture in the body of a man who 
had been sound to the a^ of 
three-score. Upon this being 
related in the House of Com- 
mons> Canning made it a sub- 
ject of jesting, aDd,intbeeou«Be 
of his answer to"* the charge, 
called the sufferer " the f^ertd 
** and ruptured Ogdmf* at 
which the House hur^ in$o 
laughter! A Person will doubt- 
less applaud this brilliant s^lly^ 
and wiU think that it was;sbi^w-^ ' 
i^g gr^at mercy to Mr. O^n - 
not to trample aU the bcmtBrls 
out of hi^ body. A Fanotitatsy 
think, and will doubtlessly, 
that there has been no cnid^jt. 
committed bn the exceUeot^ 
public-spirited, and enligliteDeit- 
people of Cheshire, Lancasliire»' 
Yorkshire, Faisley and Ola^w* 
The employmoot of ODver, tbe . 
attempt made through tbe 1tt-<- 
strmnenUdity of Castles, a Partoa^ 
may think by ilo meaiis cmal^ 
Theaixteenih of AugkH exbc^' 
bited no cruelties to the eyes oC 
a Parson. In a Parson's eyes 
the Oktham Inquest would, 
doubtless, iq;>pear a most hit* 
mane and just pfoCBiMuier* 
Equally visible wonU tk^ ha-. 
manity of the Ministers aftwi^^ 
to a Parson fal tbe app UiMe 

. Digitized by CjOOQIC 


September sa, ISTO, 


given by Sidmouth to the Ma- 
gistrates and Yeoinapry of Maa-< 
chestex, and in. the. rewarding of 
faison.HAY, one of those Ma-i 
i^strates, by ffiving hitfi the 
Uvipg of Kochdale, worth tweu- 
tyrfive hundred pounds fi-year ;' 
and which gift is the more strik-* 
ing-y ajs it must have proceeded 
immediately from the wish or 
cbncarrence of the Archbishop 
i\f Canterbury hitfiself, the liv- 
ing being in that Archbishop's! 
gift ! It is curious enough, that 
|n this most signal manner, the 
chuKTcb ^ve its sanction to those 
taiemorable proceedings ! X 
Bi^son will say that it was sin-^ 
. ^ttfarly humane in the Minfstersi 
while they were applauding 
the Magistrates and the Yeo-r 
manry, to refuse all inquiry into 
their cond\ict ; and at the same 
lime to prosecute a considerable 
' ilumber of the injured parties 
^withaU the ^weight of Crown 
"law and before special juries: 
The sequel a Parson will think 
more huhiane than all the rest c 
namely, the imprisonment of 
Mr. Johnston* and iWr. Bam- 
FORD, for twelve months, at 
more than a hundred miles from 
their hbmes ; and a Parson will 
swear that there was not the 
smalle^ degree of cruelty, in 
shlitting up Mr. VLvsj for two 

years and a half , fot having* 
presided at a meeting^ the ob- 
ject of which was te agr^e^ o^ 
the m^ans oT promoting a (lar- 
liamentary reform; at vvhiqh 
meeting neither riot nbr breach 
of peace was committed by the 
people, the like of which meet- 
ing had been held without in- 
terrjupiion in an infinite number 
of places for ages past', and,^ 
was nev^r^ until the sixteenth 
of August, pretended by any 
human being to be ah unlawful, 
meeting! Two years an^' a 
half, a Parson will say. were Sin- 
gularly, lenient, andlie will turn 
towards Cheshire and congra- 
tulate that county. upon having 
Seen a po^r man ;!eD,t to jail - 
from the Quarter Sessions; to 
remain in jail four yjears'anda^ 
half for two or three, ofrences 
charged all at once, of selling 
cheap publications ! As t</ the 
sentence on Sir Chas. Wbti^B- 
LEY, for suffering jbst indi^n^^-- 
tion to boil over ; as to the ^tri- 
ple sentence on Mr. Hxrrison, 
pronounced by Warden 'and 
by' Bailey, amotnting,' I- (re- 
lieve, to three years and a half 
y)i;. four years impri^bnmeift^fti 
jail, these a I^arson will thlhk 
criminally lenieiit ; hni' 1^ do 
think that the transportation of 
Mr. BrvciS, ex^n after he'^wa^ 

Digitized by Cj-OO^t€ 


To Parson C^htttilnadAU. 


ijpkQOWl^dged to be wliql)j in- 
maceBt of the crime of whi^h he 
had bee a tourid gulU> ; I do 
thjo^ t^ftt this« tog^ether with 
Ibe ^olt the Mtudted, the long^ 
coDtrived ^fTair iu wbich Ed- 
\rard» was employed^ and Vihich 
ended iii th@ bloody work,, por*^ 
formed by a masked axeoutioner 
with a loD§ and sharp knife iu 
the Old Bailey; L do thiok 
that these may salisfy e^en a 
Parson ; nay, I do think tbej 
fniky iatitfy eren you 1 

A Parsoa will approve, of 
course J of a thom^aod, or* per- 
ha|»i, leu thousaDd other sets, 
which I could call forth f^om the 
resources of roy own memory, 
specially if 1 were to ^o back 
to the deodB of Pitt and hl^j as- 
sociate! ; but there k bq dquhi 
^hat a Parson will have disco- 
vered no c^nelty id any part of 
the treatment of her Majesty^ 
the Quccd; no cruelty vvheii» 
upon the death of her own fa- 
ther, the first conspiracy against 
|ier was set on foot; nci cruelty 
in prevailing upon her to sup- 
presa the exposure of that con- 
Ipiracy; no cruelty in loading* 
ber with jusnlts the moment her 
only friend and protector was 
depFLved of hia capacity to yield 
h^r prateetiQn: no cruelty id 
ti^ftriQif.b^r from lier child, and 

W childi from her; no cr^Ujf 
\n the not ordering of a Court 
mo liming for her brbtber» wUi 
lost his bfe in gfa^lantlydgii^^ 
for England: no cruelty ]& set- 
ting- on foot a new pet^utbn 
against faer^ the moment t!bb 
breath' had^ left tfie bo4y <ff 
her daughter ; no cruelty 
in publishing the supencrip- 
Lion placed upon the cpflin of 
her child, and while the fathejr 
and grand - fatheV's name^ 
were there, omitting the nam« 
of the mother; no cruelty jtt 
eauiiltig her to be Iiunted Jnr 
Ompteda and athors^who eanseil 
her to be insulted whereever &Iie 
W£Ui to be found ; no cruelty ill 
the tendered' bribe and inaoleikl 
menace of tiCutchinson ; no 
cruelty in any of the subs^u^t 
acts ; DO cruelty at all in silentbr 
permitting detestjible ru^^s u^ 
campare hof tp a streetrwalkii]^ 
strum pet^and to Lnsist that if ^^e 
c£innot be destroyed as a ^rimi^ 
nal, bhe ought to be sacrificed as 
a martyr. Oh.! no ! a .Par^oit 
can see no cruelty in the brin^ 
iijg dowp of ^feen bag^; ina^ 
serting that those green ba|p» 
contained heavy charges.; in t&>0 
fcrring the c6ntc|nts tp a^dsbl 
com nuttee .with the Archbisbc^ 
of Canterbiu'y at it's bead ; io 
laying the report of that co(n« 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


fti$BTMBi;R 30, 18^0. 


inittee, fUl of odious c^hargeifjesty to trait anotiier thre# 

agmost the Queen, before the 

IJEouse ; in b^rin^i^g in a Bill of 

AiD» iand Penalties charging her 

^th t^e« foulest pf crimes, and 

, hi seeding these documents all 

over the world three months 

before any opportunity was to 

jbe ^ffbrded ^r of disproving the 

.thaiffes ! . A. Parson will see no 

eruelty in rjefusing. her a list of 

^i^tnesses, in refusing her a list 

.of j^laees; in keeping her as 

.^ch as possible in ihe dark and 

taking her by snrpri6e> after 

, her enemies had had whole yean 

.lo mature their preparations 

^ a^ insure the means of her de^- 

jifroction..^ A. Parson will see no 

'^ wielty in the opening speech of 

im Attorney General,, laboured 

. I^B^ldied as it was ; the result 

^ ias;lt was, of the coolest delibef- 

. ji|tion; no (cruelty in it^thou|^h 

. leontainlng the foulest acousa- 

tions, Bkade in the most artfU 

ipaafier^and though it must ha^e 

.J^n known at the time, what 

^1^ since proved to be the case,j 

^t, there « was not even evi* 

/ 4ence to, be ' brought from Cot*. 

^ ton-Gacden to support, the foul 

, est j9f theie ttccnsatioos. A Pah- 

^fpa wiUiee no eroeltyia tfafis 

.^fgBUfbk the sumaking-^up ^of . the 

^ ;So}icitor General^ nor in the 

wepks before she could possibly 
enter upon her defence. AM 
this is^' I dar^ say, riglii in the 
eyes pf a Parson ; who can see 
no cruelty in any of the tbinp 
which. I have liientioned above ; 
and who would g&e no cruelly 
in any of those other things 
which I could mention; but 
barely to mention which would 
require, inst^d of a han^'^hment* 
ictw pamphlet, a vWHity fihilUog 

Now, JPa^H^ {f yoilr he^d 
shoukl swim aiittle (as mine 
really does) from thisenumeriM' 
tioo, stop a little ; lake a turn lib 
the |>leasaiit g^^^rden that the 
public 4nds you, and then IzBt^n 
to me with attention. 

In all the acts that I have 
mentioned above ; take them all 
together i^vta, you niay say 
there is no cn^elty. Nay, it.ia 
possible that there may be bo 
cruelty. But, and now rnJ^A 
me. Parson, the '^ 9nemie9*' of 
the ministers aecose them of 
cru^Hy. Hind that, f arsoU; in 
order tdeonviet^upf ^selMKkl» 
it is not necessary that the mi- 
nistera shouM have been g^^f 
of ernelty : it ii onhf neps ia i y 
tfa^^a^ Duifi^ fthouW acdM 
theiB^of enieli^ ; nay, eve^^ Ihaft 
0^ liol* i^cestejr : it^ 




To Parson XJtJNNrNGiHAljr. 


ccssary that tfieir enemies nave 
not acquitted Ihem of cruelty. 
1{is notorious tliat niany'per^ns 
charge them witlicruelt;^ ; It Is 
notorions that her Majesty is 
Incessantly charging* them wth 
cnielty, in which charjges she 
<)nly eclioes tack the charges 
^eontained against the ministers^ 
in the Addresses 'prekeilted to 
^iiet i>y the people. 'And/in tlie 

"Ikce bt all this, yoU hdve theim- 
'^pvdence to ai^se^t ; ytHi havethe 
-audacity to put Jbrth, and ttett, 
"too, under ihe garb of sanctity, 
Hhe flagitious ifalsehood, that the 
"toitrisiers are ^' a tody of 'feen 

' ^'*' acquitted of m^^/^ feveti* ty 

^-^tfcJsir e«cnrf^," There is one 

^ text of Scripfure, Parson, which 

you seem to hkVe forgotten : 

•■ " Lyififg lips are an ' dboTnina- 

- •■-'^' 'tion to theXord." Bear this 
in itiind, dnd you vrilf not ugiin 
v-siiy, thai ^Ven the* eilemies of 
"the-raioMt^rs acquitihfeto of cru- 
elty,^ • ' ^ 
' f*foceediog oil wWh your sixth' 
*pferagtaph, yon issert, ib order' 
' -tb^ciiuse D&lsehood to be be-^ 

'' tiffed; ihat^fbe charges against 
-'♦the Quben '^ere made^t>5 icom- 

• 'liiitt^'of Peers; "influding* se- 
■. *' verkldislWgttisheainthviduals 

* ^poUtiMly' dppds^^ttftbemi'^ 
'^i'^^mtVBTs/' Thls'ist sheer false- 

* hood -as to meaning and in ten- 

lion ; but is a little covered' b^ 
appearances: As iotpoliticafty op* 
pd8ed,VhatdoesitTm;an? Does 
it mean opposed to them'^th 
regard to the Qneett? Or does 
it mean that they are seated op- 
posite each other in the House ? 
Howeyer, the befft^ay' to settle 
this point is, and to show how 
•felse and treacherous your re- 
presentation is, whp are these - 
politically opposed Lords I 1 
will tell you. Parson : Lans- 
down, Buckingham, EllenlJo- 
rough, and, (keep a serious face. 
Parson) Lauderdale ! These are 
%e Lords, are they, who are po- 
litically opposed to the nrinfii- 
tersl Did you eter r^ad ' the 
Peep at the Peers, Parton ? "But, 
the less one says upon sirch a 
matter, the greater is one's pru- 
dence. The public know very 
well how to estimate the politi- 
cal opposition bf these Lords ; 
and so do you', too; but, you 
"jttonght that the public did not 
know how to make the cs^mate : 
you thought that the little dis- 
gi^ise that you were drawing* 
over the matter would assist in 
effecthig your malignant -tfnd. 
selfish purpose. Your words, 
like the jesuiV^ creed, adiiiH cf a 
coBStmction that wouh) m&e 
their meaning true ; but, if wre 
take in tbe context you are here 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Sbptembir aO| 18-20. 


i^gain.gruiR; of an iat^tional 
falsehood. Your object is to 
<^aii8e H to be believed that 
the oonnnittee was promucu* 
ou^ly takeo, and oompoaed Y>f 
men, amongst whom opposition 
existed as to other mi^tters; bat, 
if truth bad been your object, if 
justice and not iiyustice had 
been what you trere seekii^, 
you would have said, that^ 
though ;this committee was not 
whplly and entirely composed 
of the ministers, it was composed 
of men, every joae of whom had 
been nominated, selected, cho- 
. ien, picked out,l>y Uimse Minis^ 
ters ! And, therefore, the repre- 
sentation which you give was 
faUe. It is a falsehood. Parson, 
which you have uttered here ; 
and a iaUehood, too, having an 
evil intention in vi6\f , which, as 
5rou well know, constitutes one 
of those crimes to' which Christ 
himself has awarded everlasting 

Going 6n still with this 9ixih 
paragraph, which is a perfect 
constellation of falsehoods and 
misrepresentations, you say that 
the charge is supported by the 
testimony of an immense body 
of witnesses, " as yet uneou' 
'^victed, and^ according; to the 
" persuasion of thousands of tm- 
" partial persoBs, not lihety to 

'^ be opjtmcUd, pf perjury J* By 
the word impartial, we clearly 
understand that you are one of 
these persons ; but Parson, shuf- 
fling Parson, why make use of 
the word convicted ? why make 
use of th^ word cont;tc/€cr. Par- 
son % There has been no trial of 
them yet for perjury ; they may 
never be tried for perjury ; if 
tried for perjury, it might be im-' 
possible to convict them, and 
yet, we may, the moment they 
have done swearing, .safely say 
that we will not believe a word 
that they have said. According 
to your doctrine. Parson, a jury 
must always believe what a wit- 
ness swears ; must act upon it ; 
must continue to believe it, uh« 
til that witness be convicied of 
perjury : they^ must hang the 
inhocent man first and leave the 
witness to suffer for perjury 
afterwards ! How you would 
sweep us off. Parson ! Accorc* 
ing to your doctrine, we aire to 
believe e.vety thing that is sworn 
by any villain upon earthy until 
the said villain be actually con- 
victed of perjury.. According to 
yen, Castleu ought to^have 
been believed; for, not only, 
was he not convicied of perjury, 
but he was never ^ried for per- 
jury. And s^et he was not be- 
lieved. His swearing |>assed for 

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nothing:, though it WftS fK^I as 
positive' as that of 'Bj^rbara 
Krantz, or of nti^ other of the 
tenants of Cotton Garden. — 
Thereforo^ this is a mere shufBe 
Dfi your part; a mere evasion; 
but it airas at the prOducihg'bf 
a falie invpresfiion in the minds 
of your readers ; it's intention 
is lo decuiv^e and mislead, ail[<T 
this, too^ for the purpose of pro- 
ducing an injurious effect .with 
regard to her Majesty, the 
Queen; and this, according to 
all the principles laid dowA by 
moral philosophers, and by di- 
vines, too, is, to all intents and 
purposes, a lie. 

Your seventh, eighth, and 
ninth paragraphs cpntaip empty 
flippancy, unworthy of serious 
notice.. Yet, there is one sen- 
tence in them upon which I 
shall make a remark or two. I 
allude to the part wherd you de- 
scribe the persons met to ad- 
dress the Queen as being- in ge- 
neral unable to read and write ; 
and where you (vrittily, as you 
imagine) Observe that they 
" shrink from all such arislo^ 
" cratical distinctions ; " as 
much as to' say th^t literary 
learning belongs peculiarly to 
the privileged orders, to the 
high blooded raee^ to the Peers, 
' their families, an({ the Parsons. 

I might' suffer this to \m% With 
merely observmg, tliat it la; at 
once, ibsolent andr firke ; but I 
will not. in the first plkte, I 
insist on it, that,'iakeli ar a 
mass, the Pri^ilegedOrdenfar^ 
the hiost ignorant' part of tbia 
community, not excepting evMi 
the country labourers them- 
selves. I Kiext insist, that, as to 
literary leHrtmig, the penwns 
chosen from amongst^he i^st of 
the privileged classes to ebn- 
duct the affairs of the country, 
are, amongst men having any 
pretensions to literature, the 
most illiterate in the couniry. 
Ten thousand proofs of the tfhth 
of this might be prodneed, ftnd 
thrusted up against your' iio«e if 
Ihe thing was worthy of ihe 
trouble* Never b^ve I teeka 
document come out of tileir 
hands, not exhibiting ^idfe both 
in Grammar and in Logic.- iWae' 
&cts, we expe€t,of course;' it^ 
it is sheer want of literary know^ 
ledge that produces false rea'^ 
soning and .false 'grammar. In 
my Grammar of tbe-^jylisli 
language, for the usebf abldiers - 
and sailors, apprentices and 
plough boy§, 1 .have giren a 
specimen (at page 17a) of *• er- 
" rors and nonsense w aKthg's 
'^Speech/' Surely if 4He» 
•^ere any Htferary^ kiM^lec(ge . 

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Si^ctrati BO, uao. 


-pbrneisM by the AriBidcrfliical 
*' IrilASB, ''we ^6M find soitte 

• >fiM^ of Ilia a Khl^d Speech ; 
•or^- III' ftny rate/ Mre should find 
Mtfte M^ tott^ct spe^cfa^ in 

4he^^eMMeof yeatstf and ybt, 

-^^l-totemiily ded«re, thiitc i have 

' Mver^iM^seeDene of those com- 

poiitkms; Vrhith tlid not^aboattd 

^¥eii • in vulipEir eitora. 

^lB'4^rder tb salisty niy readei;s 

' tllii;t«|teMrattt^rtioti^^f ikifie arb 

Bot*'withottt fiHindaHion; t'WilT 

' -'here- quotes a paai^ag^ Dpodi ^e 

' iasV^ipi^eeh ' detrrered • frdm 4he 

Thnme. This was > the King^s 

liMil^^tmtion* spiaeefa^, this was 

the^Spe^h* ttttemd at the he 

gtbdtiig^ atei^n. lliis wafi a 

' docMs^Qt^ wMeh -oiight to havie 

bStfn disttagmshed by every 

thitigv^atcaUbd' to mpire re" 

4tipttt, ^feneration/ and eonfi- 

• 'deiioe^ Infiteadofthis, themat 

/ ter4>fth0 Speech was ti^; the 

-^MiuigelnenttjffUeoiifbsed; the 

' iMgaaigftfof it'Undlgniiffted ; the 

g e iitrn iBgSp^ ttynot Jonly incon- 

' 4^ktsiiv0, bntridieiiloas; and/as 

te^ the-Oraitamar, it ^itl suffice 

' lo^lB^.'the eoneluding: sentence. 

• ^Mmsl that an awaken^ sense 
'• or the dangers which they 
'r have ineorred, and of the arts 

^ '• which have been employed to 

• *' seduce them, will brings' back 
' *"bf fer^the gtes*er part of 

''nhose iiho- have' beenimhap- 
*' pily led astray^ and will re- 
** vive in them that spirit of ley- 
'''h\iy,'Htat due* si^tMnnsion to 
'' the laws, and that attachment 
" to the OonartituUon, whidi 
'' SUBSISTS undated in the 
'^hearts of the great body of 
'^'the people, and which, under 
** the blessings of Diving Provi* 
" d^nce, HAVE secured to the 
" British nation the enjoyment 
^'i6f a torgBT share of. praolieal 
'< fk«edom; as well as 6f JpMH* 
'< perky atod ' happiness, thiin 
** have falM to the lot of any^ 
^' nation in the world/' 

Want of room will prev^t 
mef from having a little sport 
with the nonsense about awaken* 
edsen^ ofd<mger9 and -of arte, 
and about the powers ascribed 
to this awakened sense; btit 
here is, in the use of the word 
mibsisttr, an instance Q.f gross, ffa* 
grant, sfnd vulgar Grammatical 
error. The sprritof loyalty, the 
due submission, and the attach- 
ment ' requited, of course, fivi* 
8i9t, and not ^ubHst^. Arid, 
as if this error were not gross 
and palpable enough; as if it 
would not be sufficiently visible 
to all eyes, the writers of this 
precious document must apply 
the verb Aat>eto the very same 
nominative. So here we have, 

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. f tiuiig which mJmMs and 
yfYiAfhavB secured ! Can any 
thing be.jnore grofti than this } 
Say QQi that the Ministera were 
careless^ That would be a 
ecaada)oMt apology, ^ven if it 
weretrue. They knew no better. 

' They are illiterate, ignorant men. 
J^ud, in order to prove that it 

.wag not carelessness; and that 
the whol^ mass of )the high 
l>lopd04 race are alike iliito 

,jrate^ let us now take that 
part of the answer which the 

, CJoromooa gave to this Speech, 
which part is an echo to the 
sentence above quoted ; and we 
ahall find the most ridiculous ex- 
hibition of dunder-headed ig- 
norance that ever was put upon 

. pap^r. It is in the following 
w^rda^ '* We concur most heart- 

/'. ily in the benevolent wish,' 

. ^ expressed by your Majesty, 
" that an awakened sense of the 
** dan^rs which they have in- 

/' <5i!rred, and of the arts which 

" have been employecl to seduce 

. '' them, WILL bring back the 

. '' iiar greater prpportion of those 

" who have boen unhappily led 

" astray, and WILL revive in 

. ** them that spirit of loyalty, 

** tftat due submibsion to the 

" Uws, €md that attachment to 

, ''the Ck)nstiCiitiop, which we 

'' areoonfidentSUBSISTSinthe 

" heaita of the grett body of 
" the people, which, <Qiider tli» 
'f blessing of Divine PrDvidenve^ 
" HAS secured to the BrilM^M- 
*' tion the ei^yment of a latter 
" share of^praotieal tKi^sAom^ios 
** wM 00 q/* prosperity and bap«- 
" pine68,nhati HAS fdHeaialhe 
'^ lot of any nation io the ^ovld*" 
Here |s a mass 'of stupidMy ! 
This is trash, indeed ! The learn- 
ed and faithfal Commoais/ wich 
their Sp^er and the Mioiitos 
at thehr bead, 4id make iU^ to 
see that «ttfot#tt and Aii«e> httCh 
referring to the same uwmi(6f9e, 
could not be right.. The^r^ ibete- 
fore, took oat the Kng^Jkive 
and putAod in^its placet/ 
shewing, at one and tb^j 
time, that the King's graHMar 
waa bad^ but that iitmy 'Ittew 
how to make it wone t ^Ehey 
outdid the tmkers heia, -for 
they made' two hcrfet, without 
mending any otie. But, tbiMwas 
not enough.' Th^ mast tkiker 
again at the ve)r\ last wM)Bi)i>er 
of the sentence, where lliey 
take out the have of the KiDg 
and put in a Has. One or tihe 
other must be false gren^ar ; 
but, as it happens, the Khig 
was, in this case, correct The 
faithful Ck>mmon8 thought that 
shdre, which is a singular noun, 
was the aominative ; aed so it 

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SBftBMBen 30, 13^ 


"was ; bvMhevo yfet% Iwo shares ; 
mkmtiyy-tk share of freedom, «Dd 
««l»MKj t>r pftMperily aad hap- 
pineasL ^SQtbat, the Kingc ^as 
Tight aAd^ke^iokers werewroog. 
9nt, eveA here we ate net to 
urtep; The^^Kfoii^eiiys, <' I trust/' 
'thftt4» t^ ^y, IcsnJidmUlff ex- 
f09ii' chat an awakened sense 
mMit^itfm and mWMutg back. 
Now, the faithful Otmuiioqs, in 
tlpe ftitt ploM^ concttt, as thev 
*m9f m the M benevolent tptefc'' of 
'IkB King. He had expressed 
: •o/msA atall. He truet0<L And 
-Mrlftfigaag^e waaeorreet, when 
lesaidthftt I'^mtfl that such a 
'tidng will pTod^atie sueh a 
M bal ihe (aithfiil Cem- 
B, l^ intredtfdag the word 
* wM^j and retaining the word wiU 
"^ii^tead of using the word tikiy/ 
•'mdielfliterate^ atad vulgar trash 
lof the very faondation of this 
"^entiosion of 4h^r address; fbr, 
^what' would the public say of' 
-tow, if I were to say, ^' I m«ft 
*^ tfaaftParson Cunningham Unll 
*^ become a man of sincerity.^ 
' !• abort/ look at the two pas- 
Si -Parson : then oompam 

* To disarm cavi/, I state, that I have 
sot copied IhoKe passaged from newk- 
paper reports of the Speech and Ad- 
^ drtmr bnt, fitom the B^erds^ piinted 
'1>y Oi#er of thePaithail Commons. 

thetn mth the addresses to her 
Majesty from the Soi(jR^9 of 
ike Leicestershire MUitiq ; and 
firom the labourinf; dn^es qf 
Manchester: make thitf^ eboi- 
pariftop, Parsen; and then say, 
whether you be not an impu- 
dent and igiiorant fefflow your- 
self, in having ascribed the pos- 
session of literary learning ex- 
clusively to ihe anstocratical 
orders. There is great BasenMs 
in this besides, knowing, as you 
mist, that you sprang immedi- 
ately from a hosiir, who beg^n 
life in the capacity of a/eol- 
man. You are guilty here of 
what GoLDSMiTB calls ''abase 
*' abandonment of one^s own 
" superiority.'' U is the . fa- 
cense administetod by mean 
men of talents, that produces, 
the empty pride and the intole- 
rable insolence of the posses- 
sors pf wealth and power^Md 
that contribdtes, more thsm jKiy 
thing else, to perpetuate corrup- 
tion and oppression. 

Your tenth paragraph, in 
which you call the Ministers 
men oC sense and honbur, and 
in which you abuse the people, 
is already answered. We have 
seen how far the Mini^fters are 
men of sense and honour ; but, 
when you talk of the mob, and 
of their dominion being the 

^Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To PiivioN.€fiton>miiA5i. 


io&rMi of' l^Jimim, mt >. may 
just ask you whether you thinkr 
4tip6i0^efor any §oveinmeBi, 
0r 'let^ of xalen, jQomposad of 
mea jKNtt iu .this, ooiutrj, can 
tbe^.moffo ilUietate ; can pottets 
lafa Ktamty tatantithai^ the )xre- 
gant SliiMfitaca aad^theiv nqoportr 
oca; JvHbetbef^ yxm think itpos- 
nblQ,UMLt aay aet. of rulera etnAd 
have 'PliBigr^ thei nation Joto 
iao«a.'aflSioluigr '^ jdiMgrwMal 
4xitm\tif» than thoaewbieh now 
«tav6^ us in <tbe (hoe in . rvety 
^rt of this kingdom ; .whether 
any aetof nileni oould hate pao- 
daoad a giseater deht, .more 
-griodkig' tajnlionv a ' goealer 
-fltatft^ofaaini^'mieery and starva*>. 
tion ; ^whetherany, set of rulers 
'eaald ^haVe* done more than 
4rn^ lieuiMlredsnnd.thousandaof 
artliaiis from the* country to 
^earry their kifenuity and. in- 
4uBftry to iOnriah and strengpthen. 
. rivaV nations ; aad whether .any 
aet>ol nileia oouU possibly have 
acted a more unmaolyt ungene- 
rous ; a mora wicked or amore 
fiooUah part/ than 'our.^present 
rulen hav^ acted with regard to, 
htt Mi^tyy4he Queen? The 
en^ of'thepieeant^'Struffigle> no 
nuud can foresee. * Bat what is 
the<^ present- ntuatkni of ^- him,, 
whom itk' our^^wisha^ weh^aa^ 
ounduty/ to uphold, aod4o'eil- 

•deavour to uphoki^ in Bplandoul* 
and in hoBoorl What is the 
situation, m . which' tho council 
and iastmmentality of /these 
.^fiaiatars have plaicM him? 
And. how different' would . hSs 
I^flllQsty't sitnatjoli ha^ hoM> 
if he had IbUoiilted that adTice/ 
which l^ a back^hoae radaoal^ 
gave him in lasi tha^/^ht and 
forty honrs after he b^camo^ 
King? if that advice had beeh 
followed, . His Af igesty wpuM ^ 
at. this moaient .haye fait Ha 
salutary effiacts ; jdnd some makik- 
advice he would have followed, 
if; he bad' been 8fti^ro<|nded bj 
soviet of those |nen,^^hom yotf ' 
{bare the auda^ty to ftigiMliye 
as. mob. This is the aaaaon iMf 
reflection ;with :»hia Mijasty } 
and if he eooUy reflect, and 
follow the bias of bis.oipm mind» 
ifpipflu^noed by^thev^hiap^nif 
andthecaluBunes of buse, apd 
icorcapt men, we may ally^.he 
sav^^rom that horrid prQc^iae/ 
to the very vefge.of whNi^Maer 
B(Gttistei!s 'siod their nomereua 
supporters, who lore the <43jecta 
of your adoi!atipa»hft^ ^>rq^B^^ 
both their Soveve^'n and faia 

in the eleventh paragrapii/ 
you ,praise the leaders o/* &» 
Whigs I and, by your prfisipg 
themv v^ should diacQvea that • 

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l9«lPk1BfMflAl M, 19tt« 


they w«ure giiettues of the 
Qoeed, if' M^ bad oof dearly 
aeeo th» tkci Vikkg vad long 
Bic^h a^o. Th^t^ 18 ii6b(idy 
bm downngrht fboll^ wli6 ttt« 
d^oeSved p^ that miterable 
romp of {Mstioii. We see wbat 
a'doable giime tfaey ate pikying: ; 
ind we laugb at their rain at«^ 
tdinpti' to get iiitd power by 
^ktlog; in cHacrifidtig the 
Qoeen* l*b^y are powerless ; 
Oey lire cbotenkptible ; ndbbdy 
hai (bob Uiii^ any more about 
ibem* Bdt/in thia sitee para'^ 
^pripb« yoa say> that there are, 
"^adfkiuH fcoMioHties" of 
fh^t Queeti with Befgtunl This 
ly $s^ihet foie^kciod ; Mother 
oninibal fdsefaood. YoameAir 
&deo^t fcmiBarities; famillari- 
^ta indioailli^ a criimnarL inter- 
icottne ; and it is a fci^^kood to 
i%, that any body admitk Of 
ibeie; because^ when We talk 
df .#ilnuttuigr> H meaos thit the 
opponents of the accosert make 
the admission'; W<i this is a 
fiilsefaood ; ibr we, who defend 
the Qoeeni make no sueh adr 
iniasiom, % Take, therefore, this 
triidiood and answer fpr it as 
yoQ tka. 

The twelfth paragraph is 
eicpressive of your own cha* 
racter by the motive, the 
Inecuv and b^o and tdrrapt mo** 

itki^ wMdi yM isqpute toitfr* 

The thirteentli pM%^ {p 
<a mere specimen ^ of irapndtonee^ 
jaitd^lUppiraey;.aiidla HkeMkie^ 
teMth yoit rennii i»* yenr oHV 
practice of ntlMdy MseUlckffar 
the most impodi^i mim s w / and! 
in invhidg ail expoaive df'tboar 
whom itiiryodr objeet 16 sM^ 
jter and deilemti. Tod dmgltf^ 
jMr. Whiti>c^ad^witfafMc6i»K9tagt 
othei^ to inaidt't&e King*/ ^m « 
intb^rner of perjured wiihiM^I 
, Wfaere it your anthoif ty^ for tfaitt^ 
lowfabtittstanoe baa ike MH^ 
been dmrfed witt the ao^rii«< 
ation of perjared'Witnei8eir?-M4 
It has baen aaid, indeed, «m» 
very trnty^nid^ t&atthe^ Dt^af 
lases, thoogii aeknowkdf ed h^ 
the Mmi^rs to ha^re^been^fieiw 
fured, wefre not proaecated fotf 
perjury. It bur been said, In* 
deed, that the peijured wH^ 
nei»e6 of rl806, hate peMiaitef 
#hiefa, if trne, is a most hoiH 
ribte fact; a ftict Whiefa has beeitt 
repeatedly stated in pnot, arid 
which remains, a» yet, willieiil , 
eontrsffiMtiom And, Ihislkilow 
well, and pledgee myself for IM 
troth -of the feet^ that Sir J0hn 
Douglas ; thi^ is to say, one of 
the ^wo DoBflases> who swore 
agaiiist fhe Que^n in 1866, had 
a Penmon at the time hil 


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To ParS^ CkWUM&jQAM* 


ai^!0iuriiig;t 4Hid, bow mark me, 
^I^rson, that, though, the jlCiIli9^ 
try regjPtttUMl, in ISia, that the 
fiNTOMr q£ law .roBderad it diffl- 
aidt fop tbctftt to, prosecy^te this 
BoHgbM for pef)iary>. %y i(f<^ 
not loAiP oiiay . A#r paMon /-^^ IM, ParaoQ, tba4 hift 
waa kibi a penaioa for life ; bni 
« pension belddufing tbQ Kii)^*s 
pleasure! The Frinoe Recent 
l^ecane King, in fact, aa 
power, and f^asiffe went, in 
iSifi. . 7%e Ministers ; this same 
aei^flfioistBn,cati»iiita power 
i» 1807; sand jret Sir Jafcn Dong^ 
kii though they said he :had 
h^eugmiif of peijory; .though 
tiiey said ibat they, lamaoted 
tWt 4J)egr oomU ];ui(pmiish him; 
this samoAir John Donghis en 
joyed Jiis pension to the end of 
Iris life; tbpi^h that pf^osion 
was held during pleasure ; aod 
thovgii he did not die , 'till, I 
t>dieve^ withia these two or 
three years. At-any rat^ I 
pledge myself that he ei^oyed 
his penskm for many year» after 
the Miansters had leoeired proof 
of his poijary against the then 
Pnntes»of Wales. 
• Therefore, Parson, yon mi^ht 
as well have left this sc^bject 
alone; for, though nobody ac* 
cases or suspects his Majesty to 
liave been a stibocaer.of per- 

jiiied'witnesses, there are many 
pfio^l^ wiK> dp ^aspect that wit^ 
nesses \fhve been suborned ; and 
ther^ are mai^ more who liave; 
'lately' packed up their, cs^ at 
hearing ,^. from the. mouth i;^f 
Castlereagh himself that ' the 
secrti /tervice mwiey had been 
eipiploy^d in Italy by the meajoa 
of the' JViilai^; Commisadon. SL^ 
lence, , then, Par§pn: say na 
more about sabornatipn :. leaver 
us to draw Our own con^usiona 
fron^ the above^ facts ; from th« 
high wages gireu, to the master 
aiid his mate ;. from the splendid 
mode of living, and; fronj the 
confessions contained in thei let^ 
ter of a chambermaid transform* 
ed into a- Counless ; from the 
^enormovis allowance to Barbara 
Krantz; from the respectafsle ' 
figure, change of name, and re- 
sidence in a Parson's house, .qC 
Coii^t Milani, vulgarly £ajled 
Sac(^ini; from Theodore Ma-; 
joccj's confessions as to bis Visit 
at the ^rea| hou^ in Pall Mall, 
and as to the golJ, which^ ia 
such unaccquptable quantities,he 
exhibited before the e^es of his 
companioi). Say not another 
word about subornation. Parson ; 
but leaye us to draw, from these 
facts such conclusions as ar^ 
pointed out by nothing more 
than plain common sense, only 

Digitized by CjOOQiC " 


Sra^EltBER 30, 1820. 


a Tery moderate quantity e^^en 
of which is Yequiretl for the 
porpose* ' 

Yoiir ftfteeotfi paragraph com* 
plains, that Mr. WhHbreid is 
bringing into contempt the high- 
est Court of jodicatare in the 
land! Stupid Parson! In the 
House of Lords it lias been said, 
many and many times over, that 
the House has brought itself 
into contempt. In the House of 
Common^,: a Member stated in 
his place, and he stated it with* 
out receiving a w6rd of con- 
tradicfion, that he had every day 
of the trial been in the Hoiise 
of Lords, that he had noted 
down the • most promment cir- 
eumstances in' the proceedings, 
afid that he had repeatedly 
heard Members of that high* 
est Court of judicature in the 
KESSES, whete giving evidence 
against her Majesty the Queen. 
After this, the efforts which you 
have beeii pleased to jiscribe to 
Mr. Whitbread, if that gentle- 
maa have made such efforts, 
must' have been perfectly gra- 
tuitpns; but, however useless 
they may have been, 4s well as 
vocaUed for, it is very certain 
that they eould furnish no rea- 
MMiable ground of complaint. 
In your seventh paragraph. 

you take Jnto your mouth, and 
express, with a little spice of (alse 
Grammar, the maxim, thatevery 
til proved to be guilty. We shall 
see presently bow this naxial 
applies to the purpose fbr which 
you have brought it forward*. 
But first, since you have put it - 
in our way, let us see how h ap* 
pUeis to the conduct of thbse 
whom yoii have the impudence 
to applaud. They sent a threat 
to the Queen ; they menaced* 
her with proseentioa if she dared 
to set her foot on these' shores ; 
they omitted her nam^ in tbft 
Liturgy ; they omitted her name 
in the superscription en tbe^»f- 
fin of her child ; they refused 
her a yacht, andr^Aised her a 
Palace. AH these acts, iuad 
many, many others; all these 
acts of pre-judgment and pre* 
condertination, did they do 
against ihe Queen; and you 
vriir observe. Parson, that not 
only was her Miyesty nol then 
proved to be guilty ; but even 
you yourself expressly nay^ in 
this same letter, th^t sli^ israpt 
even' yel proved to he guiKy ! 

You see, therefore, Parsbn^ 

that maxime are two-edged 

tools, and require to be use4 by .' 

none but those who^are acluatvd 

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by mneerily and have truth in 
vi«w; The matini 'fipplitead> 
mirabl; ¥reU Id illustratiiig the 
iBJmtioe eac e tt as e d towards her 
Mi^ty ; but it appliea not ai 
. idl, in . the casse to winch you 
with It to iqpply. You say thai 
Mr. Whitbread treats all the 
Witfiesaea against the Que^i as 
pe^dred tiara, '^ though, as yet/ 
'^ ^auSMmctei of falsehood.^^ 
It's eurious to see your Paraon^ 
like maotier of shuffling your 
^ordsi as eheating gamestei!» 
im^riaid to shuffle cards, substi 
tuting^,by leg6Aiemain,one caid 
Ibr another. The maxim says, 
that men are t(y be deemed in- 
nocent 'HH prated to be gmlty. 
You perceive thai these liars 
Imte fftwed (hemselves. to be 
gintty of falsehood ; and/ there*- 
Ibre, in year appKctftion of the 
maxim, you shuffle out proted, 
and whip in eonvieted t ' This, 
while it shows nothing in fayonr 
Of the witnesses^ while it shows 
not at all) that the maxim ap^ 
plies to them, most amply dis- 
covers your insificerrty,. knd 
your firm internal belief that 
they TeVily are those perjured 
liars, Which yon complain, of 
Mr. Whitbread ibr calling; them. 
But) there is another member 
of this sentence ; and in it you 
•ay, ihalMT,l?i'h»tbread treats the 

*' Ministers of th<K)rowB as, baa«r 
''and proHigm^ conspirator^, 
" though their honour and Av, 
'' monsly hiBve NEVER. BE&N 
I dm go nb further, I havia.wisb* 
ed to avoid it^ though addressinig- 
myflelftoiaParsDn^ but^I mns^ 
now call youithe moat impudent 
liar that ever opened a pur ofe 
lips! Wh^t! Uasthe^imo)cr!,h«ii 
the humamH/i, of.Cast)eflei^h> 
Sidmoudi, Cannings Liyerp^Q^i^ 
•and the fe^Unwtr been oaJf^^' 
\%n quMian I You, VwoBg^ w^ljj > 
[doubtless, say that .0? pug^ noi: 
to be called in question, ^-ovky 
Mill say, that: their bMOUt wb 
bright a& tiie mendiait suffi- 
that their fafUHttnity is saft sut» 
the kaJigua^ of doves lincfc 
sweet as the balm oC Giiead ii^: 
self; you will lay that their 
power thas^ been, exercised isi 
the mosi merciful, iiesil spariqgf^ 
most gentle, most fseiinjg; maat- 
ner; and that their nncecity^ 
their openness, their loern of all 
clisguise> their abhorrence ■ e| 
low dirty ^nder7hadd mouia^ 
vtFtn become proverbial to4[fUru 
times. But, as to'ib^^aot; ssi 
to the assertion that their >d4 
lionr a^id'.littraanity have *evw^ 
been oaUed'^ queMion,'tt9m^ 
the utterer of such a Uo, Oev^l 
Lord deliver -m ! ¥ou mu4t hive 

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Sbptew^^^Ao, IStO. 

heet stttning here with your ^yei 
open ; for, can yon open a news- 
paper; can yoQ hear a nan 
open Kis. mouth; can yon read 
a speedi at any meeting, or In 
the nurliameht, can you read 
an Addresa 16 the Queen ; can 
you read any one answer of her 
Mi^ty to any of the numerous 
addresses, without knowing that 
the honoqr add humanity of the 
Mimst«in are called in question? 
You cannot; and^therefore^ this 
amertion of yours is one of the 
moat impudent and profligate 
assertions that ever was made by 
mortal man. 

Your ^^ig^teenth paragraph 
is simply an efToVt of Jeani* 
tieal Jiypocrisy, except that it 
sMtains' an imphdent asser- 
tion on your part, that Mr. 
WfitrranEAD " must entertain 
'^ soma question of the Queon's 
•^ purity// if Mr. WuiTBRKAP 
think as the public in general 
think, he entertains no sach 
question ; but 1 confess that no 
answer, other than horsewhip 
orbroomstick, is appropriate to 
an i&ertiofr like this. 

iThe' nineteenth parag, ap]^ 
f^tains a .charge against the 
Kadioals, who, you say, reject 
tlie Scriptures and contemn all 
the insMtbtiobs of the country ; 
^ild that their ehde^vours nutu- 

rally tend to aTUzrcht/yOihcism; 
and urdverjfol ruin. As to 
ruin, it is now universal, ex^ 
cept amongst those who live on 
the tythes and taxes; and, there-' 
fore, all that the Radicals eoOld^ 
possibly do in this way, would 
be to make the ruin fall *4n all 
alike fairiy. Anarchy is only 
another word for an absence of ' 
9L fair admimuiraHi&fi tfj,t%-* 
tiee. The wor^t sort .of. anar^ 
chy is that whteh pfiotcK^ the 
few, and leaves the linany to: 
be scourged and pillaged rat 
the will of those few. : Whe-i 
ther we' at present taste of 
anarchy, or ^ not, i shall not 
take upon me to detemrine/ 
But, wiUxrat yielding my tighlr 
to say more of this matter ano-i 
ther time, let m^ ask you, wfaick 
of the DeviPs imps; it* was thatt 
ofged you on to ascribe atkeis* 
ticcU principles to the ^Radicals ?. 
Where do you .^ntf irprodl*of 
it ? Who ainong^ the Radicals ., 
has attempted to inculcate atfa&n 
ism ? You are a great man for\ 
producing proofs ; but here yow 
abandbn the maxim, that men: 
are not to be pronoonced guilty 
withoni proof ^1^, -maxim, which 
you m*ere;so eag^R to twi#t into 
an ap]|>Ucation in /favour of the 
gentlemen and ladies of Cot- 
ton-garden. Where do you And 
2 K 

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to Pi^f>\ tvKmH^MAM. 


Urn p^>9of.oF Ow Rtdidrti btifig 
nAiU yoa Ifty Amj ai»; iOMi 
vipvjh^ 4o jTM not attend to Ibe 
INBMept wUeb j6u give to the 
eWUlml, and '' Aetfi ffau^ 
^ tmtpU from Ifing tamd ^fam* 
«> dtring V y^YmX righC tave 
fm Id Magr ichatge* agmiml 
iil> wilholit sti|>poHth|r ^<i*^ 
iba^^ Ivitb pfr>bf? Bx|mt 
bH, iMer tMa^ tfenl .in^ «haU be 
BMt u^epAalaog nC tho bbdy to 
wUoh yta belbn^. FHteUbar^ 
idWqre been neddUn^; but it 
h. MUmi tbat eveli tbey baipe 
weSAed io » iny to tetireneiy 
trickM tod ineetent * 

Yotit laA ptomgmph begins 
with « Mft of saviBg^ {ireTiatey 
Which WMi adtMoesiaQr> UQdeir 
aiqr dfMnstaod^* aad |p8rlir»« 
liULj^ WHler the fffeietii tibcwt^ 
lAa^A^et, if ]«m bad «oaie IbN 
wwd es the friend^ and iM as 
Ifae vMkliy'^f the t^pce^ted. 
Voi «rf that Ibis is n^ a ques^ 
lib»M«ieee{>blMra) bataqu^sw 
IM %t BKliiab. and ^ rebgien. 
y<Mry tiM; -fpt ncrmUty and 
ttw roftgii^tL tdlB iipoA usaU 
to a^l oir 4koes ag^mt lli!* 
dtMfiAy fWMonio*, this fcviy 
this Intbiiiws eoBft|>iNipy. But 
h^m lnmlLli aaid telUglM tan 
wihrantyo)! In enAeavoerhif to 
gi9t^ cdianlMMKO to «beie dia^^ 
Mfci« ifiwteodiSies, kt os I^pe 

that yon will endedtFonr la ahaiW 
on aene latnre.ooaasion. 

You say that you havr>hpre 
l^ven.m a p^ractieal comat^nt 4m 
the doetiines Ibal yott ai» eQin« 
Muido^, oa the highest irtltbe^ 
ril^, to teath froin fimdaf le 
ftaOday. These doolriiMs aae» 

kmx God, honour the Ibit^, 
Bame not tnlolcailnasa." ^1 
bcEfctedie words " feacGMM^,'* 
^taod» in thb SenptHs^^ 

lavs dlrs (fa(ft«r6o<id/' Thas« 
j9Nl tmiity 1 S6e> as Inakcig :no 
pan 1^ t|ie dectriaaa that yM 
teach. !>» have iasMed IheM 
would have puzzled yod ; .Am 
they de siet dtean^ tf taiiters, 
the Tato^ttemi 4be Vtoiens^ 
EdmMs^ CMirec; CJaattes^ tho 
KMaa CoMiRmon, and.ltofMH 
boaiitilBtlofOetion^gardeA: no; 
ilavfvtitmi the PffofU tttiwrghi 
ahd 3f«li weiiM hare feand il not 
la suit jwt "pjktpoie, to teii us^ 
that the ^ iiit;k^ vtulhorA^" 
eoannanded yOu to letfe tbosb 
whom yeiabsri jdstb^n osOiQg 
lie» and ATttAisTew Ypn sKim 
IP^ ottt of this dOIBeiaty bgr 
omitting a-pfeeoply wliiMitakea 
llfcnec e dcpce of hODOuring Ihe 
KJttgand oven of Jearang.Ood^ 

Whether yM sherw aiSspbUM 
fian te hcsmiA the King m^mt 
base eodeatoHfs to difthe«e«lr 
his Cbasort; whether ^^mtahhw 

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Wsntiiteit *6, 48m 


ywt^^ ^ God by efrtiiMtlng 
piP^priate bcmHttentarV 'brt tite 

Scrttday to 'BiiocNiy, wttwl^>w 'Sj/itj^rfiB tepofrtba t& HVeJ^* 

<m the Itt]> I shkQ' le«rve tlid 
pMte ti Jttdge ; %?rt Hife people 
%f fMMVr but thft Hfll 'tm tSf- 
Wrtly -waftl' rtcr eomtirentary 
:M %he' ptecejH, ^rtnth, fWm 
«fcitf*y' td -Sutiday,^ ydtt t'€faeh 
•fatidit ihe ^' tioU 'dried nafirtftg'' 

i^; 4hai*ir 'kr that ^obCft lf<^80 
-^w«Wi\ W ttwchjetf *f yt^i* 

CMbrt i>f j^icittuiv Mk4,ht !«nd ; 

Mid ^Mi *fft fin^lffltd, ^ikt^^ixcT 
»teaH/tJ^M' fer ifytlie sV^^^f 
the bfaws* of iMi ftrthfertVfW 
RioiheM. • And, lest a>»y j^rtf^f 
tMs' cf>mlMintftfy shbnld tWi^ 

rected tho; tHriftslati^n of 4 V^ 
i}tk\}ai pari of the ovMrfifiift of 
MmtVesa Baitora KfanlK. '^Vfte 
^op, ddObtltes, 111 tM4S% 
'fcrth afaffrftiid\!etailM»iieMK)»- 
tioft to joerf pteftt ^^l^^( 
vrttat Mrt/B»rbttr*'i^o¥^4>io 
tjA^ HI ^{ie^b^, iiiid^fn )mil*t 
«*• elbj^*'*«OMrii tfpcfii^fit^, 
and «o WW^^ k bdbf^'tlfe 
eyes of oof IwyaaTid^rrls aliWrtt 
aipMn ak it lay bef;»^th^JeMfe 

*«M Ibartte^ pattteoUrty to flie o* Mrs. Bafbafa herseff^:)^ 
BfcKops^ *ilify*' t x» m rfi e V> i ary oq takings Ihh TmcottHBon ptlfffi, 
^aatt phJceiH^r thfc? eormnetttary tbe Rigbt ti^yeteni F^ithet ^ 

on the precept* not eren. to 

iiiintb ^ndtOMte^; Ifais eom- 

tnedt ftas been most ainp'fy tx-^ 

empKflod atid most exttettsntoly 

•tirctfteted by the Mtmste*s and 

hf ^ Hotme of liords, th tb^ 

Rotmt of the Seeret Oom«iHtee, 

An the Bfll of Pahis atid f*e«al- 

iitSs, and in that Imass of fllthU 

fte» and fid«6bood, the op^nWt^ 

«peeeh ttf the Attt)iPtiey«<jeneral ; 

'JInd also^ the evidence dfaxm 

ftyn* CMton^-g^arden, after befngf 

htipotted from Italy expncssly 

for the instmctiaii of the boys 

€lpdy \ta$, beyond* laH i^<^p8tto#,. 
aehtated by the ^tMMerkti^, 
titet the elergy *re, *s yo« '«4- 
sert, the *' the efm^tlhiUd.*pH&'^ 

1 iiare thns fe/llo^d^'^. 
Parson, thiron^ the ^6teri<fcf 
yonr letter. Ptofftiwg' ft<>ni yo«r 
exainple Its -a thing to' fihito] I* 
Ijave Ofied no'felielHKHJ, t^ i*1*. 
refsesoiltAikM, :fiO frauid^ no (i<i- 
ceptiooj no ,^uj!lipar' I i^^^c 
met you at every point, and* I 
l5houTdl)e very wiriinvr to leave- 

•j^trr own <jonjrcfration to jndffe 
' Z K it 

, Digitized by VjOOQIC 


To PiJiBON QvfimriQtukM, 


l)etw#eii' ut, withottt aagring an* 
titer wonJU>B th^Mk^'y \mi, 
giWF f o» «$' yob tUand lorwtiri ki 
^ Ukme of tho whole ln^filj 
^ Yfkkh you botopff, I ibiiik 
pM^^or to add a few MoiarkB 
with VBgitA to, tbo eomlacl of 
Ihal body fODera)ly. 

^^10 fint plaeo, the pretcot 
flUpgj^ in the oouatry, whioh 
< < i i| Hlo fills overy body with 
90mm degieo ot alann ; and of 
w^ahttn^niie oven the friends 
«C the Mtaistera tbentelYea now 

etngj^te owes itj origin sM^Mnaiy 
|^t(#C9bird^/ Marklb^t,Par- 
•an.' thb beguinimgof the 
4lUtig wm Ab letwing ^ htr 
^0qf9$tf9 name'9iUo/4k» li^ 
IMify. . Iia4 it .not been for 
ttia49p» all ni%ht bare-beeo 
ayoUfMl) tat wheatbis,step had 
been laken^ the struggle 
natter of abfoluto na« 
. eessi^* tt was a nmrk of < dU- 
bMoor imprinted on the chatae- 
ler of the Qoeeo* it was an 
opA ^aoettwtion made againj^t 
her. U was an indelible record 
of infiuny upon her head. It 
was an open challenge given to 
every drop of blood in bef veins. 
It was the grossest indignity 
and insult ev^r< offered to njxy 
hdfttaH beintr 7 1^ ir^war of- 

fered to. the bravest and tdio%i 
gaUani woman in the wofld^ 

When tUs a<i^had onocr4»ee» 
oommitted, there ma ne M^ 
threat without disgracSb. Dls^ 
grace most tall apoi^ somebody: 
upon the .advisers of tfaia M4ig^ 
niiy, or upon the Queen hec- 
self; and her Mi^ty bravely 
resolved to risk fortune uA life 
rather than suffer thediagi|M» %b 
ffemain upon her. The iomce 
queoces of that vasotatifvf^ W 
have^in part, be<bt» n^x tb^ 
remajping c^onseqoenoet wr 
have yet to witaeiyH rWhiit 
those- coaseqoe&ees wfrnyMm, it 
wouU be temerily to atte«^ 
even togeeis at; bat , be ihegr 
what they may, I/i^ahi aay^ 
that the ChnariLwili have^ ttier 
prime part of the lesiiobsiW^ 
Uty resting on its head. 

Before her Mjjesty's name 
could have been left out^ of tfafe^ 
Liturgy/ there miist havr beet* 
a co&sultatiim with the Bishops^ 
or with a pa^t of themi, at least*. 
A.ta9yra(e, the Archbisbop ^ 
Canterbury mua% have bete 
oonsnlted, and his assent ol^ 
tamed. This was a. *ftt^ 
which peculiarly belonged t^ 
him; He is a known friend of 
the ^Ministers. His ikmily haA 
enormous povirer, Hiycevsm 
NT a Duke, ^18 bfptber iLortf' 

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$u^sWber 30, ISift. 


(CAofiMlter of Irdhnd, h\» son 
Sf9dUr of the HpWH of Oom- 
mtM* This wtt, I t%y» a mat* 
fer- which peculiarly belon^^ 
M hf m. Tb^ law was dear as 
^yltght against the omission of 
the name ; and if he had made 
a representation to thd King: 
4gittn«l the omiaHon, is there a 
ttmn in England who ean pes- 
sihiy befieve that the omisvon 
would ey^r have taken place ! 

Thetefoce, <the whole of. the 
miBCbief is traoed back dir^ly 
te^ tUs origtn. All the former 
proceedings ; the Spies, the Mi- 
hniCommistibn; and aU the sob- 
sequent proceedmgs, op to tiie 
^peniiitr <^ ^^ Green Bags» 
it^miA easily h%i^ been ob- 
nterat^ from people's minds. 
Bat thb omission ip the Liturgy 
iras not to be gotten rid of. it 
%i8 a stigma not to be endured. 
It waa ao act of ii^usti«» too 
glaring to be retrattad. Even 
tew, H is this emission in the 
IkitQtg; that forms the insupera- 
ble bar to accommodation. It 
eamiot bd submitted to by the 
^heen-wlthi^ttt evvotesting ^s^ 
giao^ ;. and it eannot be re- 
aracted without dbgTaee and in- 
tbny on those who advised itj 
aisd ^0i*ut punishment, U»i 
(br their sobieqaettt aet(L 
Thnsfeit as clear ardi^y light 

that the Cbuith bai Wa the 
origiiial 6ittse of every 4bing 
that now fills you with dread* 
Comfort yourself, tberetbre; M 
well as yon can. Bat, }smf 
your slander* on theOtleen ittd. 
on her fHenda within your ttpe. 
You have vendercNl nouaervice 
to the cause of the Queen's pei^ 
seeotors; and have only, dow 
mischief to the order to wbic^ 
you belong. Priests bai^, ^ in 
all ages, been the htX fitends el 
political injnsticaandopp rew i i a rt 
Why this is so, wouhl admit 
of on easy explaiiatiQa*. Tbe$ 
have genernHy proAtlie<i frail 
their laboura; but, m the ]»re* 
sent i^M, it appears clear to mo 
that, if ibey meap to iniure l3mk 
destruetion; if they mean ^ 
leave themselvet without a 
gleam of hope, thay cannat d» 
better ^ than to imitate yoa in 
putting forth, by toi^gne ai w*tt 
as pen, viperoas dandars «od. 
impudent falsehoods.. 


- T|iE Letteil to Loan P\t- 
MEftstpBi must tome into my 
O^tReg^fatr. JParson CHmaing^^ 
iQljl^ tttt occupied moiie <* my 
reoi!» tiMH I h^' in nqr. hiiiid, al- 
letted tis hite. Lord;¥alisiirstoa 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 




Jg^ttvos g[:ood nglice, '^ad he 
JpL hf^V? H ; but I.QOuld not 
rait^'ni'jsclf to send off the Par* 
suUvVvUhont his Full dose. The 
afr^irs of the Soldiers merit great 
aUention^ iuid Lord Palmerjitoja 
mvitcs us lo discussion. 

. CfTY OF •TX)SD6X. 

*Hiis great City is a little liing- 
-iloni in itself; and, as it has 
^reat weight, from its name and 
/^pathtidn, it requires to he 
iooli-ed into a little. 11 has a 
thief ftfagTsti ate; a species of 
nobles, an upper -and lower 
Honso: fend itTias also its places^ 
sinecures, pensions, and grants. 
It has Us "E.Kx^equer and almost 
«vcry_ thing eUe appertaining 
to an independent Government. 
Its revenues far exceed those of 
t!ie Republic of New York, which 
troh^ains pretty nearly two mil- 
lions of pco[)le, and the taxes to 

<:;ommonw<*atth, ifer ^Jt^^edioe 
in ri«bc;? and lesourcea X\m ifif^ 
Klom of liapofver ; tkm wbal©a£ 
this Gor&rnm^0i ui m^inli^JB^ 
M ^n^expence far lefs in-MaL 
amount than the patilk^jr9,vena^ 
of the single City of JUojidoni' 
Therefore, this is ft thi^ worthy 
of attention; and, a? I Wv^' 
hc!^rd ^ littlQ about the nuv^^r 
in which this revenue isdi^poml 
off I $hall, as occasion serveSf 
look a little closely «it th© ttb- 
ject The gentliemeii who ,com«« 
pose the City of Londop PMii^«* 
ment, are not, I avi told, whaily 
deaf to the admoQition^ of ^U 
interest, qor wholly blind to the 
^i;eal> n^riU pf .their oim reht'^ 
tiQns^ any mot^ thftfi tl^e II^iop 
hers of another Legidativf As- 
sembly, which mu^ b^ Dai^eA 
with caution lest we get laid |^y 
the^ heels or be banished* AVbea 
the. good people in th^ coiiijiry 

mailitairi the whole of the Go- ^re leokiog* up to the l^^triota ipn 

the CQmmo^ Council, Utile do 

Vef hment of which, consisting of 
a Governor, a Council of State, 
a Senate, % House* of Assembly, 
Jadges of a Supreme Court, 
Judgea-of inferier Court3| i*aw 
OfficcM^s in abundance, (|br even 
tqiic! is too many) ofl^cers of Mi- 
litia, and ^W the otliCF officers and 
persmis appertaining' to a^ m- 
de^pdent Gpv^rnm^nt : the 
whole 0^ tl)p Go^ronijsxit oXthis 

they imagine that certain lines 
of conduct are made to sf}«4^ 
\vlth the obtaining 9f {t pQ$t br 
a son jn^ the Court of Rtqu^gt^^ 
for instance ; and that, when we 
ftre ^rprij^ed at the wwU of hur*^ 
Inan^ between the Pati^iota, it 
^l]^auld^$e from a stfU^e fi^ 
^uch a place ii$ ibis betwi^eA the 
ipJR of we. and th/e §oii-inJ|w 

D^itized by CjOOQ IC 


ScpT£ii»|ni80, 1^0. 


4# moAH PMMt. ^ In abort, I 
am Mt vritliMC boj^e of ge>^g 

mi^ shorn «s tiew tiiis 

vovoMe b mpeiMUd ; for» it U 

|)aopl« i« the ocntntpy ^iliould be 
iMHtibUf g^-wUii (the notiott that 
an is|)yrtey, sphere corni|>lS<w 
itv i *«<iy W»o^, «6«ink asio 
any.^x>ioniaBSt)y in die world, it| 
'Hie •*iea» wMc, left «ot liie 
cowrtcy be «e«elyed. tiieCJowJ 
of Aldennftu #^4 *h« Conupoii 
<teM«W !IW Iv ¥^ mepm pat- 

jtoi8,:»p#* wyx)t(W5ifi>, a*« by 
nojmBm Wt>e>bK^ked 9|^ »? 
^ wftedos (of 4hc f entiflMinUiOfr 
^ people^ Jjottdon. 

Xbese l^^ptrjr ji^ye^ ^p |wp 
instances, jepep.tly )bieQ.n (^i^- 

Jiobpd^ cap WU ji^j.l; but, p^ 
the same time, tippi^y^ti p^s-i 
^bly blame the addressers. Fofi 
my parCl wisl^.%^y >y ere joined 
;l?y U^ (^^ '0f i^b^ fibwr^.- 
iKjli^n»««4»ro«ld be>wy 4iscw 
^|ll: ills JI^J :Jbat is wantjo*' tp 

'tteKiflgiU )lyKig off i*» ^n 

ir»fA^ . vrhere fce is raeeivfug' 
adUUressea from, and giving' most 
gupeiods anaw^re to, Hie 0^0^ 
bi$mU^ of the vltkge and Hie 
fFa/^r«i«n ^ the i>itt€tg€, fram 
both ef which fespeotable boMs 
)i9s Majeaiy bas received ^fiefml a-» 
IJ67i« / Ho appears also ta have 
i>eeel^^d an Add rc^ss from some 
peeple at Foflnnoiith, and 4o 
hare knigkttd a hrttoer of 4be 
mKn% ef -G Afiit£Tr ! An Addtese, 
the Comer aays, f# signing -at 
Porisccu This is ^pod news. 
I am very happy to see, that the 
King treads in the ^ps, fir this 
respect, of bis tierolc QoeeiK 
'FheKhig's answers toAddresj^s 
difTer, in -some . respects, 1h>iii 
those flf her Majesty ; bat, as 
practice makes perfectness^ M^e 
^ may hope to see improvemeht. 
His Majesty, yvhWe at Brig^faton, 
rode^very fpeqnantly ; but, the 
Courier says, that be did no^ 
ride ovi of doors. He landed 
once at €owes, and remained 
on shore for ^'fuU iwenttf mi- 
mttes." His Majesty does no< 
appear to liavc landed' at Paris* 
mottfi: the reason not .being 
stated, lit would, of course, f>e 
iiinpepiinent to ask rt. 

The london Dock-yard men 

H^ Of -Caireif, in the Me ^/md ShipVrrightf go op to the 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


Divers Subjects. 


Qaeen, next Monday , yrith an 

.Address; and aI/H>Hbe Ladies 

.and GenUemen of the Meiropo* 

,li^-r43to Tuesday the boatmen, 

.bafgetnen, and bghtermen, of 

the H'iver Tiiames, wiU go with 

an Addness to the Queen by 

.water. These bodies , will not 

contain less than a Hundred 

. fhouB^nd persons. However, 

his Majesty has addresses from 

the Methodist Conference and* 

. from the riUage of Coures. 

The Courier threatens to take 
veng^eanco on bad h'uBbainds ; 
a{id to expose their sins to the 
world : that is to say, unless the 
Queen's fiiends show more for- 

Ji»ewrwMe. We commend the 
Courier^ and, whenever he is 
ready to begin, we will ftirnish 
hint with soiye materials. First, 
th^ is a villain, who lias turned 
his Wife out. of doors, and who 
actually lives, and carries on an 
incestuous interrjourse ^ with a 
young woman. ^ Next, there is 
a villain, who ; turned his wife 
out of doors, BLtid cohabited with 

. ja strumpet for mtoy years, dur- 
ing the lite of his wifc^ whom 
he left almost to starve, and has 
since made the strumpet " an 

^ " honest womaai." These two vil- 

^li^in; are most desperate writers 

against the Queen; bui, it Hbts 
Courier, in all tke cirde of vil- , 
lainy, canind their Inalcb^let 
us have tlUm out by all meit 
In both of- these caeea theve>lns 
been excessive crudtf towards 
the wives, whose characters 
were good, and aciiolly tmim^ 
feaehed. Two such villains are 
not to be found in England, e:i* 
cept in this inatance; andbotbii^f 
them are everlastingly talkiBl: 
about moralipy and religion. , 

To ndthing, certainty, short tof 
madness, can the following W* 
fusion of the Courier, of Wed- 
nesday last, be * fairly ascribed. 
It seems to have come firotn . 
WhiteJCcdL It smells of the dbi|9. 
Whether it come from the hand 
of the Great Doctor himself, or 
has been prepared by one of t^ 
Under Apothecaries, We cannot 
say. A pillow of hope might 
not be'ambs to compose the 
crack-skull to sleep. 

'* Tlie Answers delivered in 
"the name 6f the Queen to fac- 
etious, seditious, acml even trea* 
" sonable Addresses, become 
^' daily .more audacious and, 
*' alarmiiig / It is impossible 
'* that hei^ Majesty can wUfvUy 
" ai,ithorise such commnnica-^ 
'' tions, if she is not, insane. 
" Some short time ago we pub-. 
'' lished the copy an Address 
*' from the Manchester fUdicab,, 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


Seftsmber 30, 18^0. 


*' l»r Uie purpose ofeaUtn^ pUb- 
^ lie attentioii and -reprobation 
" 1^ the yiolent ianftiage in 
*< wUch it was cotiched, and 
" wtHiing the Qtieen herself of 
'' lis evii • tendency. Her Ma^ 
" jet^ receives this iapiident 
" coirapositioA, and answers, or 
^' it made t6 answer, that she 
'' receives it wiih saHsfoetion. 
*' Bttt this is a trifle to what fol- 
*' lows. The . Addressers had 
''s^>oken of the events of the 
" mh 9/ August^ 1819, in terms 
''>#C- most yirulent ' abase, de 
" seribing the legal interference 
** ^fAe military as a massacre. 
" The Queen iK>t only adopts 
" these sentiments, but identify 
*' ing- herself with the rioters, 
" says, * We cannot but know 
" ' Uiat the same hand has been 
*' ' Our common oppr^aor.* Now 
'' she had elsewhere distinctly 
^ Mled the King ' my oppres- 
*' ' sor/ 'Mere, therefore, she is 
"mad^ to assert,that to tfaeKingr's 
" personal oppression ^re to bo 
'' attributed the unfortunate oc- 
*' cmtc^ees of hat year at Man- 
" cibester ! That a lurking ini- 
" ct^ndiary. traitor should pen 
**iim in&mous language, is 
" Easily conceivable — but that a 
^' wife should so wickedly, false- 
** ly, and outragei^tisty calum 
'* mate her ^'husband, that a 
" Queen should so openly stir 
" up the people to rebellion, is 
" what We cannot suffer dur- 
" selves to imagine. Why is 
" not the villain who devotes 
'* his pen to these diabolical 
** fUTfWfes, dragged from his 
" turkiTig^ole to the punish- 
" ment he so richly merits i 
" And why do not the respect- 
"'abte classes bf-soeiety through-, 

*out the kingdom $t^ forward 
indignarUly to reprwMte senr' 
tinunts ipamA con have n4 
'' other tendency than to dbdke 
" the constitution to its centre, 
" and to arm the populace 
" again&t law, liberty, and pro«^^ 
'' perty ? One other phrase de- 
'' mands notice. U occurs ia 
** most of the replies to the Ad- 
" dresses^ presented on Monday^ 
'^ imd it is remarkably indicative f 
" of the redl views of her Ma- 
" jesty's secret instigators. The 
'' Ward of Farringdon-without 
" is informed, that ' the sdfish 
"' faction' is aiming a blow at 
'^ the rights of every individual 
'* in the realm. The inhabitants 
" of Cripplegate are reminded 
''of the' domineering views of 
" ' that selfish faction.' The 
"Spitalields Addressers hear 
" of the tame ' selfish faction' 
'* as her only enemies. And the 
'* people of, Leeds ate informed^ 
"that ' the sdfish faction art 
*' * her Majesty's accusers.'* — 
" The people of England, who ' 
''know that under, this term, 
■' ' the selfisfi faction/ is inciud- . 
'' ed all that is great, venerable, 
" ttise, or honourable in the^ 
" country, will not fail to ap- 
" predate such language. They 
" will feel that she, who is 
" made to express her hope that . 
" she may be the means of 
" ' overthrowing the power of 
" ' this faction/ and of * de- 
"' livering the people ofEng* 
'"land from oppression,' is 
" made in effect to assume to 
" h^n^elf the office of First